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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Chad

    ◾ The state of emergency in the Lac region of Chad, declared on 9 November after a deadly attack by two Boko Haram suicide bombers, has been extended until 22 March 2016. The mentioned attack was the latest in a series of Haram attacks, with the deadliest so far claiming the lives of 41 people in IDP site Kousseri on 10 October.

    ◾ An estimated 53 000 people have been displaced in Chad due to Boko Haram activities since the end of July. A further 11 000 people had already been displaced since January. In addition, since the beginning of the year 11 593 Chadian returnees from Nigeria have arrived in the Lac region and 7 868 Nigerian refugees accommodated in Dar-es-Salam camp.

    ◾ Despite the efforts of the humanitarian community to provide a response, significant needs remain in all sectors, in particular in the IDP sites.

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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    20 November 2015 – Condemning the “horrific” terrorist attack at the Radisson hotel in Bamako which killed an unknown number of civilians and injured many more, Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has noted that the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) has been assisting the authorities in the handling of this crisis.

    In a statement issued by his spokesperson in new York, the UN chief expressed his sincere condolences to the Government of Mali and the bereaved families and wishes a speedy recovery to the wounded victims of this attack, in which, according to media reports, armed gunmen stormed the hotel in the Malian capital, killing at least 20 people and trapping dozens in the building for hours.

    The Secretary-General, in his statement, noted with concern that these attacks are taking place at a time when the peace process is making good progress and the signatory groups to the Agreement on peace and reconciliation in Mali, in particular the Coordination des Mouvements de l'Azawad and the Plateforme, were in Bamako to attend the sixth meeting of the Comité de suivi de l'Accord (CSA) with the Malian Government and international partners.

    “The Secretary-General deplores any attempt to derail the implementation of the Agreement,” said the statement, adding that Mr. Ban expressed his full support to the Malian authorities in their fight against terrorist and extremist groups.

    He also welcomed the statements of the signatory parties to the Agreement that they remain committed to its implementation. The Secretary-General reiterated the commitment of the United Nations, through MINUSMA, to support the Malian Government and the parties to the Agreement at this critical juncture in the peace process.

    Earlier today, the Mongi Hamdi, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINUSMA, strongly condemned the attack and expressed his support to those affected by it.

    The Mission said it is currently supporting Malian authorities and is providing security back-up while also deploying medical needs at the site.

    The Malian Government has been seeking to restore stability and rebuild following a series of setbacks since early 2012, including a military coup d’état, renewed fighting between Government forces and Tuareg rebels, and the seizure of its northern territory by radical extremists. The country has also been wracked by a series of humanitarian crises.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

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    Source: Emirates News Agency
    Country: Mali

    ABU DHABI, 22nd November 2015 (WAM) --- The Emirates Red Crescent is carrying out projects in Mali's healthcare, educational and services sectors to support refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in cooperation with international organisations.

    Some 28,000 under-five children will benefit from the agency's healthcare projects while 95 percent of children will be vaccinated against diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, respiratory infections, hepatitis and measles.

    Eighty percent of pregnant women and newborns will also benefit from the agency's projects.

    The agency is also planning to support education in the northern cities of Gao and Timbuktu by rehabilitating and equipping schools, training teachers and raising awareness of local communities about the benefits of education.

    The Emirates Red Crescent also provided thousands of tonnes of basic food items for locals and refugees in the Malian desert.

    The UAE humanitarian agency had an early presence in Mali, one of the African countries hardest hit by a humanitarian crisis being complicated by conflict, drought, desertification and the spread of hunger and poverty. The agency is leading a coalition of six of the largest United Nations agencies and has hosted a series of meetings in Abu Dhabi to put forth a plan to counter challenges facing Mali.


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Interview with Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol, MSF Director of Operations

    The Lake Chad region has become the epicentre of violence with continued attacks by the Islamic State’s West Africa Province (ISWAP) group, also known as Boko Haram. Government military operations in response are also contributing to mass displacement across the region. To date, over 2.5 million people have been made homeless as a result of violence in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is scaling up its medical and humanitarian response in the four countries.

    MSF Director of Operations, Dr Jean-Clément Cabrol, recently visited Cameroon and Chad and shares his impressions of the major humanitarian needs in the area.

    “In the Lake Chad area, we are seeing a regional crisis with large-scale humanitarian consequences. People continue to flee from violence, across borders and inside their own countries. Some are escaping violence perpetrated by ISWAP but many are also fleeing reprisal acts and offensives carried out by the regional military forces. This is a vicious circle of violence where civilians are trapped in the middle.

    Lack of healthcare, vulnerable living conditions

    Health facilities are few and far between. In some places, they have been closed altogether as they lack essential drugs and equipment, or the medical staff have been forced to flee. This results in the civilian population being deprived of life-saving healthcare.

    Those who have been forced to flee are living in extremely vulnerable conditions without shelter and livelihood. Many are unable to harvest their fields and food prices have risen dramatically. This is adding pressure in an already fragile and neglected region where basic services are not sufficient.

    In response, MSF is providing humanitarian and medical assistance to refugees, displaced and host communities in the four countries bordering Lake Chad. MSF teams in Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria and Niger work in collaboration with the Ministries of Health to deliver life-saving services such as primary healthcare, paediatric and nutritional support, psychological assistance, surgical care, and treatment for wounded and victims of violence. We are also providing water and relief items to those in need across the region.

    Full extent of the needs unknown

    There are many people we simply cannot reach and there are areas where we don’t even know the full extent of the needs. Reaching those who have been displaced in their own country is very challenging with the majority living dispersed in host communities and in insecure and difficult-to-access areas. Despite these constraints, we aim to ensure health services are available to them. In addition, we provide assistance to the host communities whose solidarity is being put under strain as they also struggle to survive with limited means.

    Fear and uncertain future

    What is striking about this crisis is the sheer terror under which people are living. Attacks are occurring at markets, places of worship and schools causing widespread fear and displacement. Meanwhile, counter-offensives and violence force people out of their villages to search for a place to live in safety and peace. People feel unsafe and are unwilling to return to their homes. It is as if they are just waiting. It is difficult to see what the future will hold for them. Today, the only certainty is that people will remain uprooted and continue to live in fear.”

    MSF teams are currently present in several locations in the four countries bordering Lake Chad. In Northern Nigeria, MSF is providing essential medical care to displaced and host communities in Borno and Yobe states. MSF is running health facilities in Minawao, Mora, Mokolo and Kousseri in North Cameroon. Life-saving medical care is also provided in Baga Sola and Bol in Chad and in the Diffa region of Niger

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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Afghanistan, Belgium, Cameroon, Chad, Croatia, Ecuador, Jordan, Liberia, Myanmar, Serbia, Slovenia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, World

    Western Balkans - Refugee crisis
    • Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia have applied restrictions to the number of nationalities eligible to enter their territory.
    • Figures confirm a sharp decrease in the number of transit (from 7000-8000 to 4000-5000 average daily).

    Afghanistan - Earthquake
    • 22 November - Earthquake magnitude 5.9 M occurred in Badakhshan province.

    Myanmar - Landslide
    • 21 November - Over 115 people died and 80 houses are destroyed because of a landslide of waste rocks at a jade mine in the town of Hpakant, Kachin State.

    Jordan - Displacement
    • An estimated 7 000 Syrian asylum seekers remain stranded at the border between Jordan and Syria.

    Chad - Violence/displacement
    • State of emergency in Lac region - an estimated 64 000 people have been displaced due to Boko Haram activities since the end of January. A further 11 000 people had been displaced since January.

    Cameroon - Violence/displacement
    • 21 November - attack by three suicide bombers suspected to be part of Boko Haram has claimed the lives of five civilians in Fotokol, Far North region of Cameroon.

    Liberia - Ebola
    • Three new cases of Ebola have been detected in a densely inhabited suburb in Monrovia.

    Ecuador - Volcanoes
    • Yellow Alert - Cotopaxi volcano: emission of ash and gas columns.
    • Orange Alert - Tungurahua volcano: ash fall is putting public health and crops at risk.

    Belgium - Security alert
    • Brussels on maximum security alert terror threats.
    • Soldiers patrol streets, metro shut down and authorities warn people to avoid crowds.

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria


    Humanitarian context

    • According to the 2015 nutrition survey (SMART methods) and the Emergency Food Security Assessment (EFSA), the nutrition and food security situations have deteriorated compared to previous years. There is an urgent need to scale up the humanitarian response to these ongoing crises in 2016.

    • Because of the security situation Humanitarian access to people in need remains highly difficult in the Far North Region and in some areas close to the border with Central Africa Republic.

    • The humanitarian community in Cameroon is finalizing the 2016 strategic response plan.

    • 77 cholera cases have been reported since January 2015 mainly in the North and Far North regions; in cooperation with the Ministry of Health and WHO, UNICEF continues to support the emergency response.

    In figures

    • Based on 2015 nutrition survey (SMART methods), more than 68,000 SAM children and more than 186,000 MAM children will be in need of treatment in the 4 priority regions in 2016.

    • 67,693 children from host communities aged from 6 months to 15 years (135 per cent of the targeted 50,029 children) and 15,743 refugee children aged from 6 months to 15 years (81 per cent of the targeted 19,400 children) received measles vaccine in three health districts of East region.

    • 16,282 CAR refugee children (7,047 girls and 9,235 boys) received psychosocial support, including recreational activities, sports and early childhood development.

    • 9,833 Nigerian refugee children (4,644 girls) benefited from the distribution of additional teaching, learning and recreational material (recreation kits, exercise-books and school-in-a-box).

    • Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) has been launched in a total of 122 communities hosting refugees in East and Adamawa regions. 1,113 households for a total of 6,275 person have constructed and used their latrines. A total of 6,170 persons have been sensitized on water treatment and cholera prevention.

    • 25 unaccompanied children (UAC) and 26 separated children (SC) were identified in October in the refugee Minawao camp.

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    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Mali


    The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Matthew Rycroft (United Kingdom):

    The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the horrifying terrorist attack at the Radisson hotel in Bamako, Mali, on 20 November 2015, during which at least 18 people were killed and many more injured. The members of the Security Council expressed their deepest sympathy and condolences to the families of the victims of this attack and to the Government of Mali, as well as to all Governments whose citizens were targeted in this attack.

    The members of the Security Council stressed that those responsible for the attack should be held accountable. The members of the Security Council expressed their full support to the Malian authorities in their fight against terrorist groups and called on them to swiftly investigate this attack and bring the perpetrators to justice. The members of the Security Council reaffirmed the need to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, and that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed.

    The members of the Security Council reminded States that they must ensure that measures taken to combat terrorism comply with all their obligations under international law, in particular international human rights, refugee and humanitarian law.

    The members of the Security Council strongly condemned any action that may undermine the peace process in Mali.

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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Mali (SRSG) and Head of MINUSMA, Mr. Mongi Hamdi, commends the professionalism of the Malian Defense and Security Forces (MDSF), in the aftermath of the terrorist attack against a Bamako hotel on 20 November 2015, and expresses his gratitude to countries having provided support during the crisis.

    "I also extend my great appreciation to the various divisions of MINUSMA who mobilized alongside their Malian and international partners," he said.

    "On the morning of 20 November, shortly after having been informed of this despicable terrorist attack, I ordered the establishment and immediate deployment to the site of a security force composed of elements from our UN security and safety section, our Quick Reaction Force and police specialists*. Supporting this team was a first-aid cell providing medical care to the injured and psychological support to evacuees, " Mr. Mongi Hamdi said.

    MINUSMA also deployed onsite ambulances and firetrucks.

    "I am impressed by the good coordination with the Malian Defense and Security Forces. I want to renew my appreciation to our police officers from UNPOL, to the UN Security personnel, and to all firefighters and rescuers who have joined forces with our Malian and international partners with a great deal of passion and professionalism. I finally salute the composure and courage of hotel guests and staff who had to overcome this ordeal,” the Special Representative the Secretary-General added.

    The Secretary General of the United Nations, the Security Council and SRSG Hamdi had all previously condemned the heinous terrorist attack in which at least 22 people have been killed - including two attackers - and dozens injured, including 6 seriously wounded.

    The United Nations Police (UNPOL) is now providing support and technical expertise to the ongoing investigation.

    MINUSMA extends its sincere condolences to the bereaved families, to the peoples and Governments of the countries affected by this tragedy, and wish a speedy recovery to the injured.

    MINUSMA strongly condemns any action aiming to jeopardize the Peace Process and remains committed to support the people and Government of Mali in their efforts to bring back lasting peace to the country.

    • United Nations personnel involved on site during the crisis:

    45 Police Officers from UNPOL (UN Police)

    14 UN Security Officers

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Nigeria


    • According to IOM’s DTM Round VI report (October, 2015), there are an estimated 1. 87 million IDPs as a result of the insurgency located in the three North East states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa (including close to 1.1 million children). This presents a 5% decrease in the total number of displaced people due to the insurgency when compared to the numbers of displaced people reported in August 2015.

    • As of 5th November, there has been a total of 949 cases of cholera with 17 deaths and a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1. 8% recorded since the 7th October. There has been a steady increase in the proportion of cases located in surrounding communities – 54% of all cases compared to 33% previously reported.

    • 56,737 children have been reached with psychosocial support services in 147 communities and 22 IDP camps in the three North East states affected by the crisis, through a network of 474 trained community volunteers.

    • An additional 213 unaccompanied and separated children (119 boys, 112 girls) have been identified, bringing the total number of unaccompanied and separated children whose cases are being managed by a team of social workers and case workers trained on child protection case management to 1,392 across the three states.

    • The efforts made during the Back to School campaigns in Yobe and Borno states are yielding appreciated results. As a result of these campaigns that started at the end of September 2015, a total of 170,432 children (85,634 girls and 94,798 boys) previously out of school have now been enrolled.

    • From January to September 2015, 51,860 children under five with SAM were newly admitted for treatment in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe and 214,917 children were screened with MUAC in IDP camps and host communities. Systematic screening is conducted in IDP camps once every week. The proportion of children found with severe acute malnutrition among screened children in IDP camps is 3. 2 %, which is similar to the overall estimates in the host community.

    • As of 30 September 2015, UNICEF has received around $14. 8 million USD against its 2015 HAC requirements of $ 26. 5 million USD (56% of total requirements); with a funding gap of 44% remaining.

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    Source: UN Development Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, World

    New York, 23 November 2015 – The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) Regional Bureau for Africa today launched an initiative to support African countries to prevent and respond to the growth of violent extremism through a development lens.

    “We must confront the issues that drive many African youths away from productive lives and draw them to mayhem and destruction,” said Abdoulaye Mar Dieye, UNDP’s Africa Director at the high-level discussion and launch event of Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in Africa: A Development Approach, co-hosted by the Permanent Mission of Sweden to the UN. “The risk we face is not just dramatic reversal of the recent development gains in Africa but a stunting of development prospects for decades to come.”

    Violent extremism has had a devastating social and economic impact across the continent. Groups such as Boko Haram in Nigeria and Al Shabaab in Somalia have forced hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, increasing instability in the region.

    Estimates show that since 2011, more than 21,000 people have been killed in over 4000 terrorist attacks in Africa. The operations of Boko Haram, for example, have internally displaced 1.2 million people and forced more than 200,000 Nigerians to flee to Cameroon, Chad and Niger. In Kenya, Al Shabaab activities have resulted in an estimated 25 percent drop in the tourism sector, a vital source of jobs and income for the country.

    “No country is an island and violent extremism knows no borders. It is critical for countries to work together to prevent and respond to violent extremism,” said Ambassador Olof Skoog, Permanent Representative of Sweden to the U.N.

    The four-year, USD 45.7 million UNDP initiative aims to address the root causes and enabling factors of violent extremism, and proposes actions across different types of countries – those directly affected by violent extremist acts such as Kenya, Mali and Nigeria; those suffering the spill over effects, such as Cameroon and Chad; and those that could be at risk.

    The programme will work with regional and national institutions, including government, police and the criminal justice system; religious institutions; and communities to build trust, identify early warning signs of radicalisation and potential violent extremism, and design appropriate responses.

    Together with partners, the programme will also support disengaged members of violent extremist groups and their reintegration into society, including through rehabilitation centres and community sensitization.

    Research shows that in the African context, socio-economic factors are helping to drive young people towards violent radicalisation. As such, the regional initiative aims to work with private sector and other partners to provide young people skills training and livelihood opportunities, particularly in marginalised areas.

    As the dynamics of violent extremism affect women and men differently, the programme also proposes specific interventions focused on empowering women to participate in early warning, and national and regional strategy planning.

    The above areas of work will be underpinned by capacity building of regional institutions and coordination efforts to deal with the cross-border nature of violent extremism in the continent.

    To ensure that regional and national policies and programmes are informed by the most recent analysis and data, UNDP has launched a USD 100,000 annual grant to encourage universities and think tanks to pursue research and analysis in this area of work.

    The Preventing and Responding to Violent Extremism in Africa: A Development Approach initiative is a result of expert consultations with partners including the African Union, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), faith groups, civil society organisations, funding partners and other United Nations entities.

    Contact Information

    Nicolo Gnecchi, UNDP Communications Group, +1 (212) 906-5698 (

    Youssouf Diarra, UNDP Communications Officer;

    Sandra Macharia, UNDP Communications Advisor;

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


    • Population movements continue to take place in the Lake Chad region as insecurity continues to deteriorate. The humanitarian community estimates at 82,782 the number of refugees, IDPs, returnees and thirdcountry nationals currently displaced in the Lake region. Of these, 52,300 are IDPs from the latest wave of massive displacement which began in July 2015.

    • On 10 October two explosions in the market of Bagasola and one in the IDP site of Kousseri resulted in 41 deaths, and 48 people injured.
      As a result, government has communicated to the humanitarian community its decision to relocate the IDP and refugee camps that are in and around Bagasola to a remote location out of concerns for the security of Bagasola.

    • By the end of September, 116,226 children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) had been admitted into the program countrywide.
      This SAM admission number represent 75% of the revised annual target caseload of 154,400. In the Lake region, access of the population to health facilities has been reduced by insecurity.

    • Community-led Total Sanitation in host communities around CAR returnee sites is also making good progress: 100% (37) of planned water points in Moissala and Gore are now functional and 36 out of 37 target villages in the area have been declared free of open defecation.

    • By the end of October UNICEF Chad’s 2015 appeal of USD 62.2 million was 18% funded. Although all sectors suffered from limited funding, health and HIV activities have been particularly underfunded with gaps of over 90%, with WASH, Education and Child Protection at gaps of over 80%

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    Source: African Union
    Country: Mali

    Addis Ababa, 20 November 2015: The Chairperson of the Commission of the African Union (AU),
    Dr Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, strongly condemns the cowardly terrorist attack perpetrated today against a hotel in the Malian capital, Bamako. She expresses the AU’s full solidarity with the Malian people and Government, as they once again face the scourge of terrorism, and the Continent’s support to their efforts to promote lasting peace and security in their country, through the effective and timely implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement signed by the parties in May and June 2015. She conveys the AU’s heartfelt condolences to the families of the victims, and wishes speedy recovery to those injured.

    The Chairperson of the Commission stresses that today’s attack is a further illustration of the growing threat posed by terrorism and extremism in Africa. Accordingly, she renews the AU’s appeal to all Member States to enhance their cooperation within the framework of the relevant African and international instruments. Indeed, only collective, coordinated and holistic African efforts will make it possible to effectively address terrorism and extremism and rid the continent of this scourge.

    More specifically, the Chairperson of the Commission reiterates the need for the early establishment of an intervention force to be deployed in northern Mali to combat the terrorist and criminal groups operating in that part of the country, as envisaged by the member countries of the Nouakchott Process on the Enhancement of Security Cooperation and the Operationalization of the African Peace and Security Architecture in the Sahelo-Saharan Region. In this respect, the Commission is taking steps to follow-up on the Conclusions of the meeting of the Ministers of Defense of the countries of the region held in Bamako, on 4 September 2015.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Chad

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Chad

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, Sudan

    Contexte actuel

    En 2015, plus de 3 millions de personnes ont besoin d'assistance humanitaire parmi lesquelles 2,5 millions ont été ciblées par la communauté humanitaire pour l'assistance. Cela représente près de 20 pour cent de la population du Tchad (13,2 millions), ce qui indique des niveaux élevés de vulnérabilité dans tout le pays. Le Tchad continue à ressentir l'impact de la violence perpétrée par un groupe armé dans la région du Lac, ainsi que les conflits dans les pays voisins (Libye, Soudan et RCA). Le pays accueille 296 000 réfugiés soudanais qui fuient les violences du Darfour depuis 10 ans, 66 000 réfugiés centrafricains et 90 000 rapatrié de RCA. 100 000 tchadiens en provenance de Libye ont été rapatriés depuis 2010 et se sont intégrés dans les communautés locales principalement dans les régions du nord et de l'ouest. L'insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition restent un problème dans le pays, notamment dans la bande sahélienne. L'insécurité alimentaire touche environ 3,4 millions de personnes (25% de la population totale), dont 663 000 sont en insécurité alimentaire sévère (Source: Cadre harmonisé 2015). Les niveaux de malnutrition sont également alarmants avec 15 régions, principalement dans la bande Sahélienne, où sont rapportés des cas de malnutrition aigüe modérée (GAM) au-dessus ou proches du seuil d'urgence de 15%. Le pays fait également face à des catastrophes naturelles récurrentes et de plus en plus fréquentes (inondations, sécheresses, ravageurs des cultures) qui influent directement sur le niveau de vie des populations et exacerbent les vulnérabilités. La forte prévalence des maladies à potentiel épidémique, comme le choléra et la rougeole, ainsi que le paludisme, sont des causes de morbidité et de mortalité accentuées parmi la population, en particulier chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans. Le Tchad se classe 184e sur 187 pays sur l'Indice de Développement Humain (IDH), avec quelques-uns des indicateurs sociaux les plus alarmants (espérance de vie de 49 ans, taux de mortalité maternelle de 1 084 décès pour 100 000 naissances, un des plus élevés du monde).

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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Somalia: Flooding has affected 132,000 people and displaced an estimated 60,000 as low-lying areas of Mogadishu have now been inundated, as well as areas of Middle Shabelle and Lower Juba. Main supply roads are impassable and some airstrips unusable The middle and lower reaches of the Shabelle River remain at high risk of flooding.

    Nigeria: Over 50 people were killed and more than 140 injured in bombings in Maiduguri, Kano, and Yola in the past week. Despite continued insecurity in the northeast, the government has announced plans to start closing IDP camps in Adamawa at the end of the year, and in Borno state in January 2016.

    Ukraine: Both warring sides have moved some military equipment that had been withdrawn back to the contact line, and the President of Ukraine has threatened to return all withdrawn weapons if separatist forces continue to violate the ceasefire. The truce has been broken in a number of locations. In Crimea, more than 1.6 million people are without power and water supplies to high-rise buildings have stopped after main electricity lines from Ukraine were blown up.

    Updated: 24/11/2015. Next update: 01/12/2015

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface

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    Source: Government of Germany
    Country: Afghanistan, Canada, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Haiti, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Nigeria, Philippines, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, World

    Chair’s Summary – Publication of the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict

    The Chair of the G7 has the honour to present the G7 Report on the Implementation of the G8 Declaration on Preventing Sexual Violence in Conflict.

    The Declaration was made in April 2013 to address the prevalence of systematic and widespread sexual violence in situations of armed conflict. We set out to work together, in a concerted campaign, to strengthen prevention and response. Better support needed to be provided to victims, more capacity needed to be built for prevention. We sought to remove barriers that prevent effective monitoring and reporting of sexual violence and improve accountability and access to justice.

    This report illustrates the progress that has been made by providing a selection of concrete actions by G7 members and highlighting other major international efforts with G7 participation. It represents an intermediate step and serves as a symbol of renewed commitment by the G7 to the Declaration.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    In the searing heat, weary elders and mournful parents sit under trees or in front of their assigned concrete shelters in Gubio camp in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State in north-eastern Nigeria. Barefoot children in dirty clothes, some visibly undernourished, stare at or greet visitors. There is a sense of silent tenacity among the group. Each person here has experienced a horrifying story of survival and loss at the hands of Boko Haram, and each has little choice but to will him or herself forward and navigate a new life.

    Read the full article

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

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