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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali

    Highlights

    In 2015, UNICEF continued to support 30,659 refugees, including 16,939 children, to access education, WASH, health, nutrition and protection services in and around two refugee camps in the Sahel region (Goudebou and Mentao).

    • Routine vaccination has continued throughout for children in the Malian refugee camps.

    • As of March 2015, 5,621 refugee children have access to basic education (Early Childhood Development, primary school and non-formal basic education) both in Goudebou and Mentao refugee camps and in host communities, thanks to UNICEF support. Nevertheless, to reach the target of 10,900 children, over 5,200 more children are in need of education and more funding is required to extend the education activities for all children beyond the end of October 2015.

    • UNICEF continues to support the Child Friendly Spaces for a total of 1,558 child refugees, of whom 48% are girls, in the first quarter of 2015.

    • UNICEF and Mwangaza Action have developed a campaign for birth registration. The sensitisation has reached 38,898 people in the Sahel region. 106 children has received support for civil registration in partnership with Danish Refugee Council and UNHCR.
      For the Sahel nutrition response, 15,234 new cases children with severe acute malnutrition from January and February 2015 were admitted for treatment in the programme.
      UNICEF continues to support the integration of Ebola prevention messages in the regular sensitization activities on Community Led Total Sanitation that are carried out across the country. 1,536 hand washing kits and soap boxes have been distributed in primary schools in Boucle de Mouhoun and in Sahel, and chlor tablets has been delivered to health centres in Dapaga in the East region, bordering Togo and Niger.
      Following the uprising in across the country in October 2014, a new transitional government was formed at end November 2014 and presidential and legislative elections are planned for 11 October 2015.

    January – March 2015

    149,000 CHILDREN AFFECTED BY SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITON (SAM) (SRP 2015)

    33,125 MALIAN REFUGEES IN CAMPS (UNHCR April 2015)

    16,939 MALIAN REFUGEE CHILDREN

    UNICEF Burkina Faso Appeal 2015* US$ 23 million

    Funding as of March 31, 2015 US$ 4,8 million


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    La Division des Droits de l’homme de la MINUSMA, représentant également le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme, a organisé le Forum sur la participation des victimes et le rôle de la société civile dans le processus de la justice transitionnelle, les 16 et 17 avril dans l’amphithéâtre l’Ecole de Maintien de la Paix, en présence de Monsieur Mahamadou Diarra, Ministre de la Justice et des Droits l’Homme, Garde des Sceaux.

    La crise politico-sécuritaire qui sévit au Mali depuis bientôt trois ans a tristement laissé d’innombrables victimes ayant fait l’objet de graves violations des droits humains sur toute l’étendue du territoire, aussi bien au nord qu’au sud, sans aucune forme de réparation.

    L’objectif de ce forum, après ceux de Mopti et Tombouctou les 8 et 21 mars derniers, ainsi que deux autres qui auront lieu prochainement à Kidal et à Gao, est de mettre la problématique de la prise en compte des victimes au cœur du processus de réconciliation. « Il faut donner la parole aux victimes pour légitimer et consolider le processus de réconciliation, pour savoir et comprendre réellement ce qui s’est passé. C’est la raison pour laquelle dans le cadre de la justice transitionnelle, nous devons nous assurer que les droits fondamentaux des victimes seront respectés, le droit à la justice, le droit à la vérité, le droit à la réparation et la responsabilité incombe à tous de s’assurer de l’intégration du principe de non-récurrence en identifiant clairement les causes profondes du conflit », a insisté le Directeur de la Division des Droits de l’Homme, Monsieur Guillaume Ngefa.

    Pour animer les travaux, de nombreux experts nationaux et internationaux ont fait le déplacement. En cette période charnière de leur histoire contemporaine, la tenue du forum a été largement saluée par les participants et répond sans nul doute à un réel besoin pour les maliens.

    Après l’ouverture officielle, la communication du Professeur Abraham Bengaly de L'Observatoire des droits humains et de la paix (ODHP), unanimement saluée par l’audience pour sa pertinence et sa clarté, a mis l’accent sur les mécanismes ou les initiatives de la justice transitionnelle déjà établis ou lancés par le gouvernement malien, les dispositions prévues dans l’accord d’Alger en termes de justice transitionnelle, le rôle de l’état malien ainsi que les enjeux et défis potentiels qui se poseront dans la mise en œuvre de l’accord. « Les Accords d’Alger prévoient des dispositions pour entamer la cicatrisation de certaines blessures, d’entrevoir la perspective du pardon et la pacification avec comme ciment le respect des droits humains et la lutte contre l’impunité. Après sa signature, l’Accord d’Alger sera le nouveau contrat social qui va désormais lier les maliens avec des mécanismes d’établissement des faits et des mécanismes d’enquêtes. En renonçant à la notion d’amnistie, l’Accord d’Alger lutte contre les violations des droits humains », a-t-il souligné.

    Pour sa part, le Ministre de la Justice et des Droits de l’Homme, Garde des sceaux a insisté sur l’importance du rôle de la société civile en affirmant que « pour une meilleure efficacité et efficience, le processus de la justice transitionnelle doit être participatif et itératif, il doit bénéficier des contributions de toutes les parties prenantes ».

    Pendant les débats l’assemblée a été saisie par l’intervention poignante de Bintou Sagara, Mère d’une des victimes du charnier de Diago « Le corps de mon fils est encore retenu à la morgue. Comment voulez-vous que nous fassions notre deuil ? Nous sommes tous maliens et nous ne voulons que la paix. Mais la prise en compte des souffrances des victimes doit être au cœur du processus de réconciliation. Il est impossible d’espérer une hypothétique cicatrisation sur une plaie puante. Tout le monde parle de pardon mais il est difficile d’accorder son pardon sans la reconnaissance officielle et nationale du préjudice subi », a-t-elle déploré.

    Le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies au Mali, actuellement en déplacement a déclaré par la voix de Miriam Ghalmi : « L’Histoire nous démontre que la paix et la réconciliation nationale ne peuvent se construire sans Justice, ni Vérité, ni Réparations. Soyez assurés que la MINUSMA ne ménagera aucun effort dans l’accompagnement du Mali sur le noble chemin de la bonne gouvernance et de la lutte contre l’impunité, vecteurs indispensables pour une paix durable ».

    Après la session de Bamako, la Division des Droits de l’Homme de la MINUSMA et du Bureau du Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies entend poursuivre l’organisation de ces foras qui constituent un espace privilégié d’échanges et de dialogue constructif sur l’avenir de la justice transitionnelle afin que les violations des droits de l’homme et les crimes graves du passé ne puissent pas rester impunis.

    A propos de la « Justice Transitionnelle »

    Lorsque l’on veut passer, d’une situation de tension comme le Mali en a connu, à une situation apaisée, il faut créer des mécanismes de transition. Et c’est cela la justice transitionnelle. Elle est définie par les Nations Unies comme étant l’ensemble des mécanismes judiciaires et non judiciaires dont se dote une société pour traiter de graves violations de droits de l’homme ou de régimes autoritaires par lesquelles elle a été traumatisée, avec pour objectif ultime la non répétition de ces crimes et violations.

    Signe encourageant de l’instauration prochaine de la Justice Transitionnelle au Mali, c’est la mise en place d’une commission Vérité, Justice et Réconciliation, qui est un des mécanismes typique de recherche de la vérité non judiciaire.


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    Source: Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation
    Country: Mali, Switzerland

    La Suisse et le Mali viennent de signer un accord de financement d’un montant de 5, 5 milliards de FCFA (CHF 8 millions) en vue de promouvoir une gouvernance locale inclusive et le renforcement de la société civile dans son rôle de veille citoyenne. L’appui bénéficiera aux régions de Mopti et de Tombouctou. Depuis 15 ans, la DDC soutient la gouvernance et la décentralisation dans la région de Sikasso, au sud du pays.

    Le Ministre de la Réconciliation Nationale - assurant l’intérim du Ministre des Affaires Etrangères, de l’Intégration Africaine et de la Coopération Internationale - et la Directrice Résidente du Bureau de la Coopération suisse au Mali ont procédé, le lundi 13 avril 2015, à la signature d’un accord marquant le démarrage du programme « Partenariats pour l’exercice d’une gouvernance appropriée ». Grâce à ce programme, les Conseils Régionaux de Mopti et de Tombouctou pourront améliorer l’accès des communautés aux services de base.

    D’une durée de quatre ans, ce programme va contribuer à la mise en œuvre de la régionalisation et de la décentralisation au Mali. En le soutenant, la Suisse entend aider le Mali à faire face aux nombreux défis suite à la crise politico institutionnelle de 2012. Cette dernière a, par ailleurs, mis en évidence plusieurs lacunes : la faiblesse des institutions, des médias peu formés, une société civile silencieuse face aux dérives du pouvoir, une corruption accentuée, etc. Quant aux collectivités, elles peinent à générer des ressources pour soutenir le développement local. Ainsi, les inégalités s’accentuent entre la capitale, le centre et les autres régions du pays.

    Contrôle citoyen et débats sur la paix

    Le programme permettra de former une quarantaine d’organisations de la société civile et radios communautaires. Les formations porteront sur les techniques d’interpellation, du plaidoyer, de la gestion des affaires locales et des conflits. La société civile et les autorités traditionnelles seront à même de jouer leur rôle de contrôle citoyen. Elles organiseront des espaces d’interpellation publiques sur la gestion des affaires locales. Les radios communautaires relayeront les débats issus de ces rencontres. Elles organiseront, aussi, des émissions sur des sujets d’actualité (corruption, impunité…). Ainsi renforcée, la société civile pourra réaliser des projets sur la cohésion sociale et paix, de lutte contre la corruption dans les régions de Tombouctou, Mopti et Sikasso.

    Vers un essor économique des régions

    Les Conseils Régionaux et les autres collectivités réaliseront des projets économiques à l’échelle régionale et transfrontalière. Ces réalisations visent à réduire la pauvreté et renforcer la cohésion sociale au sein des régions. En outre, ils signeront avec l’Etat central une convention sur plusieurs années, afin de réaliser des infrastructures routières, des marchés et des aménagements hydroagricoles. Les Conseils Régionaux, les collectivités, l’Etat et les privés travailleront à partir d’une vision commune du développement économique régional.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | samedi 18/04/2015 - 17:54 GMT

    L'attaque menée dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi par le groupe islamiste nigérian Boko Haram sur le village de Bia, dans la région de l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun, a fait 19 morts dont une majorité de "victimes décapitées", selon un nouveau bilan obtenu de source sécuritaire.

    "Le bilan définitif de cette attaque est de 19 morts, dont une majorité de victimes décapitées", a affirmé samedi sous couvert d'anonymat une source sécuritaire. Le précédent bilan, communiqué la veille, faisait état de dix morts.

    "De nombreuses cases ont été incendiées", a précisé cette source.

    "Nous avons noté une réaction tardive de nos forces (de défense)", a-t-elle reconnu à propos de l'attaque sur les hameaux de Bia 1 et Bia 2 qui se trouvent dans une zone comprenant plusieurs bases et installations militaires camerounaises.

    Situé dans l'arrondissement de Kolofata, le village de Bia est connu des milieux sécuritaires locaux comme une localité où Boko Haram a enrôlé plusieurs jeunes.

    Dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi, des islamistes de Boko Haram avaient également attaqué une position de l'armée camerounaise à Amchidé, une localité frontalière du Nigeria, également située également dans l'arrondissement de Kolofata.

    "Ils ont brûlé des maisons à Amchidé, sans faire de victime de notre côté. L'attaque a été repoussée, mais nous ne disposons pas encore de bilan du côté de l'ennemi", avait expliqué la source sécuritaire.

    Théâtre de nombreuses attaques attribuées à Boko Haram, la région de l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun a connu une accalmie ces dernières semaines du fait des actions menées par la coalition militaire engagée contre les islamistes basés dans le nord-est du Nigeria.

    Le Cameroun, engagé dans la guerre contre Boko Haram depuis près d'un an, a été rejoint dans la campagne depuis début février par le Tchad, suivi du Niger.

    rek/pgf/dom

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Saturday 4/18/2015 - 22:37 GMT

    Nineteen people were killed in Thursday night's attack on a Cameroonian village by Nigeria-based Boko Haram militants, a security source said in an updated toll, adding that most of the victims were beheaded.

    "The final toll from this attack is 19 dead, with a majority of the victims decapitated," a security source said Saturday on condition of anonymity.

    Security sources had previously said 10 civilians were killed in the cross-border raid on the village of Bia in Cameroon's Far North region.

    The attack comes after a regional military offensive -- which includes Cameroon -- has claimed a string of successes in their fightback against the Islamist militants in Nigeria in recent weeks.

    Bia, which borders Lake Chad, has been identified previously by security forces as a recruiting ground for Boko Haram militants.

    The source speaking to AFP on Saturday said security forces were slow to react to the raid on Bia, located in an area with several military bases.

    "We noted a late response by our forces,", the source said.

    "Many huts were burned down," the source added.

    Also during the night from Thursday to Friday, Boko Haram Islamists attacked a Cameroon army position in Amchide, on the border with Nigeria.

    "They burned houses in Amchide, but without losses on our side. The attack was repulsed. We don't know yet about casualties on the enemy side," a security source told AFP on Friday.

    The insurgency by Boko Haram -- which is seeking to create a hardline Islamic state -- has killed some 13,000 people in northeast Nigeria and sent 1.5 million fleeing their homes since 2009.

    The group had in recent months widened its attacks into neighbouring nations, prompting Chad, Cameroon and Niger to launch a joint offensive with the Nigerian army, resulting in a series of rebel-held towns and villages being recaptured in Nigeria's northeast.

    Nigerian President Goodluck Jonathan's perceived inability to end the six-year insurgency was a factor in his election defeat last month.

    Nigerian President-elect Muhammadu Buhari has vowed to rid the country of the "terror" of Boko Haram.

    rek-pgf/mfp

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Algeria, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Un convoi de fournisseurs civils de la MINUSMA a été attaqué hier soir vers 19h par deux assaillants à 15 kilomètres à l’Ouest de Gao.

    Après avoir stoppé le convoi, les assaillants ont froidement abattu deux des chauffeurs avant de mettre le feu aux camions.

    Les autres membres de l’équipe du fournisseur de la Mission, dont un blessé par balles, ont réussi à prendre la fuite, certains ont été entendus pour les besoins de l’enquête.

    La MINUSMA a immédiatement déployé une force d’intervention rapide sur le terrain.

    La MINUSMA condamne fermement cette nouvelle attaque touchant des civils innocents et met tout en œuvre pour que les responsables soient appréhendés, traduits en justice et qu'ils répondent de leurs actes.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | Saturday 4/18/2015 - 15:57 GMT

    Two drivers were shot dead in an attack on a peacekeeping supply convoy in northern Mali, authorities said Saturday, the second deadly assault on the United Nations in three days.

    The assailants stopped the convoy some 15 kilometres (nine miles) from the main city of Gao and "coldly killed two of the drivers" in the attack Friday, the UN Mission in Mali, known as MINUSMA, said in a statement.

    A third person was wounded, said MINUSMA, adding that it "firmly condemns this latest attack targeting innocent civilians and will make every effort to catch those responsible and bring them to justice".

    The killings come amid continued violence by jihadist groups that had previously taken control of northern Mali before being routed by a French-led international intervention that began in 2013.

    A suicide bomber struck a UN barracks in northern Mali's Ansongo on Wednesday, killing two civilians and wounding nine peacekeepers from Niger in an attack later claimed by an Al-Qaeda-linked group.

    Earlier this month a civilian was killed in Gao by a rocket attack by presumed jihadists the day after two people were killed by gunmen in another strike.

    Jihadists have also hit farther south, including in Mali's capital Bamako.

    The Al-Qaeda-linked group of notorious one-eyed Algerian militant Mokhtar Belmokhtar claimed responsibility Friday in a recording for Wednesday's deadly attack on the UN camp.

    The group said the bomber targeted Niger nationals because their president, Mahamadou Issoufou, took part in the mass Paris rally over the jihadist attack on French satirical weekly Charlie Hebdo in January.

    The attack was also an act of revenge for Niger allowing American and French troops on its soil, the three-and-a-half-minute recording in Arabic, which was accompanied by the image of Belmokhtar, said.

    Divided into rival armed factions, plagued by drug trafficking and infiltrated by jihadist groups, Mali's desert north has struggled for stability since the west African nation gained independence in 1960.

    The attack comes at a sensitive time as the United Nations is seeking to seal a peace deal for northern Mali and stem a wave of attacks that have targeted MINUSMA.

    At least 35 peacekeepers have been killed since MINUSMA was deployed in July 2013 -- one of the highest tolls for a UN peace mission -- and more than 140 wounded.

    sr/mrb/jm/hmn


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | samedi 18/04/2015 - 20:22 GMT

    Plus de 2,5 millions de personnes se trouvent en insécurité alimentaire au Niger en raison d'un déficit céréalier lié aux conditions climatiques, une situation aggravée par la présence de quelque 200.000 réfugiés ayant fui les attaques de Boko Haram, a annoncé samedi le ministre nigérien de l'Agriculture.

    "Une enquête menée dès décembre 2014 a indiqué que 15,7% de la population, soit 2.588.128 personnes, sont dans une situation d'insécurité alimentaire, dont 410.297 en insécurité sévère", a déclaré le ministre Maïdagi Allambeye devant les députés.

    Cette précarité alimentaire, dans ce pays sahélien très pauvre en proie à des crises alimentaires récurrentes, est liée à un déficit céréalier de plus de 230.000 tonnes à l'issue de la campagne agricole 2014, a-t-il expliqué. Le gouvernement impute ce déficit à la sécheresse, aux inondations et à des attaques de chenilles.

    "On ne peut pas dire que le Niger est en insécurité chronique mais ce phénomène reste très fréquent", a commenté Vigno Hounkanli, le porte-parole à Niamey du Programme alimentaire mondial (PAM), une organisation onusienne qui compte assister 480.000 personnes à partir de juin.

    "Nous faisons des distributions à partir de la période de soudure, quand les greniers sont vides et qu'il n'y a plus rien à manger", a-t-il précisé.

    La "soudure" est la période qui sépare la fin de la consommation des récoltes de l'année précédente - marquée par un épuisement complet des réserves -, des nouvelles récoltes. Elle dure plusieurs mois au Niger.

    La présence dans le sud-est du Niger de "plus de 150.000 réfugiés" ayant fui les attaques des islamistes de Boko Haram et celle de "plus de 50.000 réfugiés" dans l'ouest, en provenance du nord du Mali -en proie à une insurrection touareg et jihadiste-, a en outre eu un "impact négatif sur la situation alimentaire" de ces régions, a observé M. Allambeye.

    Pour tenter de résorber le déficit céréalier, le gouvernement a déjà lancé un programme de cultures irriguées sur 130.000 hectares pour produire 500.000 tonnes d'aliments, a-t-il assuré.

    Pays pauvre très aride et à la démographie galopante, le Niger est souvent en proie à des crises alimentaires.

    En juin dernier, plus d'un million d'enfants âgés de moins de 5 ans, soit 14,1% de cette classe d'âge, souffraient de malnutrition aiguë, selon une étude gouvernementale.

    bh/jf/dac

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Algiers, Algeria | AFP | Saturday 4/18/2015 - 19:58 GMT

    International mediators in the Mali conflict on Saturday invited all parties to sign a peace and reconciliation agreement at a ceremony on May 15 in Bamako, a statement said.

    Mediators meeting in Algiers to review progress on the accord, "invite and encourage all political-military movements... to proceed by signing the agreement", the APS news agency quoted the statement as saying.

    Peace talks begun in Algiers last July resulted last month in a deal between the Malian government and some armed groups, but not by the main Tuareg rebel alliance known as the Coordination for the Movements of Azawad (CMA), which wanted amendments.

    Islamist militants seized control of northern Mali for more than nine months in 2012 until a French-led military intervention in 2013 partly drove them from the region.

    "The ongoing peace process must continue in a way that would consolidate the gains achieved so far," the Saturday statement said.

    It also threatened to apprise "the international bodies concerned about any behaviour or action likely to jeopardise the ongoing peace process".

    On April 10, the UN Security Council urged the CMA to initial the deal along with the other parties or face sanctions.

    The world body had hailed the March 1 peace accord as a "historic opportunity" for Mali.

    The accord negotiated under UN auspices provides for greater regional autonomy for the north in line with long-standing demands by Tuaregs and other groups.

    ao/cbo/srm/al

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Alger, Algérie | AFP | samedi 18/04/2015 - 19:00 GMT

    La médiation internationale au Mali a invité samedi toutes les parties en conflit à signer l'accord pour la paix et la réconciliation dans ce pays lors d'une cérémonie à cet effet le 15 mai prochain à Bamako (Mali), dans un communiqué.

    La médiation conduite par l'Algérie et réunie depuis mercredi à Alger pour faire le point sur l'accord "invite et engage tous les mouvements politico-militaires (...) à procéder à la signature de l'accord à l'occasion de la cérémonie qui sera organisée le 15 mai 2015 à Bamako", selon le communiqué, diffusé par l'agence APS.

    Les négociations de paix sur le Mali engagées en juillet à Alger se sont soldées début mars par un accord inachevé, paraphé par le gouvernement malien, mais non par les rebelles de l'Azawad (nord) qui ont réclamé un délai.

    "Le processus de paix en cours doit se poursuivre de la manière qui puisse consolider les acquis jusqu'ici obtenus", recommande la médiation, soulignant que la signature de l'accord d'Alger ouvrira la voie à la mise en oeuvre "des engagements pris".

    La médiation "veillera à ce que la mise en oeuvre de l'accord soit effective et complète, selon des modalités et un calendrier d'application à convenir conformément aux dispositions de l'Accord".

    Elle menace par ailleurs de saisir "les instances internationales concernées au sujet de toute attitude ou action de nature à mettre en péril le processus de paix en cours".

    La France, à l'origine de l'intervention internationale lancée au nord du Mali en 2013 juge que "les menaces de sanctions et pressions pourraient inciter les récalcitrants à signer l'accord".

    "La Coordination (des mouvements de l'Azawad) prend en compte le fait que le Conseil de sécurité, tout le monde, demande qu'on signe", selon Paris qui observe que le cessez-le-feu "est respecté sur le terrain".

    ao/cbo

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | Sunday 4/19/2015 - 01:57 GMT

    More than 2.5 million people in Niger are suffering from food insecurity because of a shortfall in the cereal harvest due to bad weather and crop pests, the agriculture minister said Saturday.

    "A survey conducted since December 2014 indicated that 15.7 percent of the population, or 2,588,128 people, are in a situation of food insecurity, including 410,297 in severe insecurity," Maidagi Allambeye told MPs.

    The situation has been aggravated by the presence of some 200,000 refugees who had fled attacks by Boko Haram and other militants.

    Food insecurity in the poor Sahel country, which is plagued by recurring food crises, is linked to a cereal deficit of more than 230,000 tonnes at the end of the 2014 crop year, he explained.

    The government attributed the shortfall to drought, floods and caterpillar attacks.

    "We cannot say that Niger is suffering chronic insecurity but this is still very common," said Vigno Hounkanli, a spokesman for the World Food Programme in Niamey, which has helped some 480,000 people since June.

    "We are distributing food from the lean period onwards, when the granaries are empty and there is nothing to eat," he said.

    The lean period between the depletion of the previous year's crops and harvesting the new lasts several months in Niger.

    The presence in southeast Niger of more than 150,000 refugees who fled attacks by Boko Haram and more than 50,000 refugees in the west of the country, from northern Mali that is beset by a Tuareg insurgency and jihadist violence, was having a further negative impact on the food situation, Allambeye said.

    In an attempt to reduce the cereal deficit, the government has already launched a programme to irrigate 130,000 hectares of land to produce 500,000 tonnes of food, he said.

    A poor and arid country with rapid population growth, Niger is often plagued by food crises.

    In June, more than one million children aged under five years, or 14.1 percent of that age group, were suffering from acute malnutrition, according to a government study.

    bh/jf/dac/mtp/jah

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department
    Country: Kenya, Somalia, South Sudan

    Key messages

    • Kenya is a disaster-prone country in need of strengthened emergency preparedness and response capacities.

    • The number of food insecure people has increased from 1.3 million in the beginning of 2014, to now 1.5 million. This is due to the two successive poor rain seasons compounded by localised conflict and high food prices.

    • Insecurity and the associated disruption of markets and income earning opportunities are likely to further worsen the food security and nutrition situation.

    • As a result of the recent conflict in South Sudan, over 44 000 refugees have arrived in the Kakuma camp. The total population of Kakuma is now over 179 000 people – way beyond its maximum capacity of 125 000. This inflow of new refugees causes severe overcrowding, increasing land and water scarcity.

    • Dadaab refugee camp in north-eastern Kenya hosts over 355 000 refugees, mostly from Somalia. Gaps in humanitarian assistance, especially in shelter, sanitation and protection, require urgent and sustained attention. Security in Dadaab and along the border with Somalia is volatile, with frequent incidents some with implications for the safety of humanitarian workers.

    • The repatriation of Somali refugees is high on the agenda of the Government of Kenya. However, the situation in Somalia is not yet conducive for large or even medium-scale return and therefore the right to seek asylum in Kenya must continue to be respected.

    Read the full factsheet


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    Source: Human Rights Watch
    Country: Somalia

    Tens of Thousands at Risk in Capital

    (Nairobi, April 20, 2015) – Somali state security forces forcibly evicted about 21,000 displaced people in the capital, Mogadishu, in early March 2015, Human Rights Watch said today. The authorities beat some of those evicted on March 4 and 5, destroyed their shelters, and left them without water, food, or other assistance. Many of those affected had fled their homes during the 2011 famine and fighting, and have been repeatedly displaced since then.

    Somali authorities should cease forcibly evicting displaced people in Mogadishu, and adequately protect and assist them, Human Rights Watch said.

    “The Somali government has done next to nothing over the last three years to address the miserable and unsafe living conditions for Mogadishu’s thousands of displaced people,” said Leslie Lefkow, deputy Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “Now, instead of providing safe alternative options and much-needed water and sanitation, security forces are violently uprooting them, leaving them homeless and destitute.”

    Human Rights Watch spoke with 17 camp residents and 6 other witnesses to the March evictions and analyzed satellite imagery of the area recorded between February 27 and April 9. From March 4 to 7, Somalia’s national police, national intelligence agency forces, and city council police forcibly evicted the thousands of internally displaced people from informal camps in the Kahda (formerly Dharkenley) district in Mogadishu. During the operation, security forces beat those resisting orders to vacate, destroyed shelters and shops with their hands and a bulldozer, and threatened displaced people.

    Authorities failed to provide adequate notification and compensation to the communities facing eviction, and did not provide viable relocation or local integration options required by international law, Human Rights Watch said.

    Aid organizations estimate that 1.1 million people throughout Somalia are displaced, including an estimated 370,000 in Mogadishu. Precise data is not available because the government has not officially registered displaced people. Since 2011, women, men, and children living in informal camps for the displaced have been subjected to serious abuses including rape, physical attacks, restrictions on access to humanitarian assistance, and clan-based discrimination at the hands of government forces and affiliated militia, as well as private parties.

    According to the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, at least 25,700 people were forcibly evicted in the two months prior to the Kahda operation. However, the Kahda eviction was particularly brutal, Human Rights Watch said.

    Human Rights Watch obtained a copy of a February 25, 2015 notice from the Benadir Regional Administration signed by the mayor of Mogadishu. It stated that people living in a specific 600-by-650-meter section of “government land” should vacate within a week and ordered the local district commissioner to inform affected communities.

    Residents told Human Rights Watch that many did not receive the notice or any notification from the commissioner. Several first learned of the impending operation about three days before it began, when security forces arrived in the camps and painted the word “demolish” (dumis in Somali language) on some shops bordering the main road. No one interviewed had seen the official written order, and most had been unaware of the planned evictions.

    Several camp residents said security forces beat them when they refused to vacate or dismantle their shelters on March 4.

    A 33-year-old mother of seven told Human Rights Watch:

    There were three gunmen. One shook my hut and I tried to stop him because my baby was inside. He slapped me, but I cried and shouted, “My daughter is inside! My daughter is inside!” He finally stopped shaking the house and told me to take my daughter. As soon as I got her, he uprooted the sticks holding up our shelter, it collapsed, and he moved on to destroy the one next to mine.

    Governments may lawfully evict people under exceptional circumstances, such as for the public interest. However, to be lawful, evictions must be carried out in accordance with both domestic and international human rights law, including with proper notification and other due process protections. Displaced people who are moved from where they are living must be given alternative housing and access to food, education, health care, employment, and other livelihood opportunities.

    The Somali government has adopted a policy on displacement that spells out clear procedures aimed at protecting affected communities during evictions and ensuring that evictions are lawful, but has failed to observe them, Human Rights Watch said.

    “At every turn of these operations, the authorities violated their own policies on evictions,” Lefkow said. “If the Somali authorities need to move displaced people, the local and federal authorities in Mogadishu should first put in place a plan that ensures people’s security and access to basic assistance.”

    Those evicted told Human Rights Watch that they had relocated further north into an area known as the “Afgooye corridor,” a stretch of road between Mogadishu and the town of Afgooye. They said, though, that they lack access to clean water and sanitary facilities, raised health and security concerns, and said they would probably move again.

    Security is a serious concern along the Afgooye corridor, with ongoing attacks by the armed Islamist group Al-Shabaab against government and African Union forces. One UN official told Human Rights Watch that the agency’s staff is reluctant to visit and monitor some of the more distant areas where the evictees are living due to insecurity.

    “Forcibly evicting the displaced to insecure areas without protection and with limited assistance puts them at tremendous risk,” Lefkow said. “All concerned, including the government, donors, and aid agencies, should make sure any evictions fully respect the rights of displaced people before, during, and after any operations.”

    For further accounts of the March evictions, please see below.

    The March Evictions

    People who had been living in informal camps between the Aslubta and Sarkusta areas of Kahda district (formerly in Dharkenley district) on Mogadishu’s western outskirts told Human Rights Watch that in the early hours of March 4, 2015, members of the Somali police, intelligence agency forces, and city council police surrounded the camps. Some people reported hearing gunfire for several minutes and security forces shouting at them to vacate immediately.

    Security forces started to evict residents from the camp shortly after the Morning Prayer, at about 4:30 a.m., beginning by demolishing shelters closest to the main road. They destroyed shelters and shops manually and with at least one bulldozer, and forced camp residents to dismantle their own shelters, often at gunpoint.

    Evictees living further away from the main road said they were able to collect and take parts of their shelters and belongings with them. Others said they fled with almost nothing and lost their main means of survival. A 45-year-old man whose kiosk was along the main road said:

    When I saw that the bulldozer was heartlessly destroying the shops around, I dared to take some of my goods. I said to myself, let them kill me, and I took some of the goods and parts of the roof. The bulldozer first hit its blade on the kiosk, and when the kiosk collapsed the driver drove over it one time and left it, and he started doing the same to the neighboring kiosks and everything in the kiosks was buried.

    Aid workers told Human Rights Watch that the sanitation and water facilities at the camps were also destroyed.

    While the bulk of the evictions occurred on March 4, the security forces patrolled the camps until March 7 and restricted access to some of those trying to return to retrieve their belongings. A displaced community leader who visited the eviction site a month later said that several displaced people’s camps in the vicinity had not been vacated.

    Human Rights Watch analyzed satellite imagery recorded on the mornings of February 27 and March 6, confirming that a large internally displaced persons (IDP) camp along the west side of the Afgooye road, immediately north of the Aslubta compound, was closed during this period and that over 3,400 family tents and associated residential and commercial structures had been removed from the site.

    The satellite imagery also provided evidence that approximately 150 permanent buildings had been systematically demolished. The buildings probably had been used by international and local agencies to provide aid and basic services. The satellite imagery recorded on April 6 shows that over 1,000 additional IDP tents and related structures had been cleared after March 6 from three smaller camp sites within 300 meters of the original camp, raising the total number of removed or destroyed structures to at least 4,500 over a 5-week period. Human Rights Watch also identified evidence of continuing demolition consistent with the use of bulldozers and other heavy machinery to destroy the remaining permanent buildings as well as extensive tree cover in the area.

    The imagery recorded also shows that several large settlements for displaced people were established approximately three kilometers from the eviction site sometime between March 6 and April 9, in an area known as “Waydow.”

    A humanitarian assessment carried out in the aftermath of the eviction found that the majority of the displaced had no access to clean water and sanitary facilities, and just under half of those interviewed had no shelter. The assessment identified evictees over a 9-kilometer stretch of land, north of the eviction site.

    None of the displaced people interviewed reported receiving any alternative shelter, land or assistance from the authorities prior to or since the March displacement. Many said they had previously been forcibly evicted from areas in central Mogadishu at least once, and most on several occasions, since they fled to the capital in 2011. According to UNHCR, in 2014 about 32,500 people were forcibly evicted, the majority from camps in the central Mogadishu districts of Hodan and Daynile.

    Several displaced people told Human Rights Watch that they had lost their sole means of survival as a result of the latest eviction – some had lost their shops and others said the displacement had cut them off from day labor opportunities in town.

    Human Rights Watch has reported on a range of abuses against displaced communities in Somalia. Human Rights Watch also found that limited livelihood opportunities put displaced women and girls at particular at risk of sexual violence and exploitation– including by forcing them to undertake long and often hazardous journeys to collect firewood, to secure day labor, or to beg.

    Applicable Standards and Policies During Evictions of Displaced

    Under international human rights law and the African Union’s Kampala Convention on the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons (the “Kampala Convention”), the government has the responsibility to respect the human rights of the displaced without discrimination. Somalia has ratified the Kampala Convention – the first regional instrument aimed specifically at preventing displacement, protecting and assisting the displaced, and identifying durable solutions – but not yet deposited the instruments with the African Union. However, under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, Somalia is obligated not to take any action that would “defeat the object and purpose” of the treaty prior to its entry into force.

    Under the Kampala Convention, the government is obliged to protect displaced people against forcible return to or resettlement in any place where “their life, safety, liberty or health could be at risk.” The state is also expected to consult with internally displaced people, allow them to participate in decisions relating to their protection and assistance, and allow them to make free and informed choices on whether to return, relocate, or locally integrate.

    Under international law, the permanent or temporary removal of individuals, families, or communities against their will from the homes or land they occupy without providing access to appropriate legal or other protection is considered a forced eviction.

    Somalia’s December 2014 policy on displacement requires the authorities to protect affected communities during evictions and lays out procedures largely in line with international law. The Interior Ministry and other authorities should implement the new policy in close consultation with displaced people; governmental, nongovernmental, and inter-governmental organizations; and in accordance with the UN Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement, Human Rights Watch said.

    Before further evictions are carried out, the government, the UN, and aid agencies should also carry out a profiling exercise without undue delay to determine people’s needs. This should include identifying the most vulnerable people – such as female-headed households, unaccompanied children, the elderly, and the disabled.


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    Source: Qatar Charity
    Country: Niger

    A delegation comprising members from the Government of Niger, the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization and Qatar Charity recently took part in the visits that covered farms in seven villages aided by Qatar Charity during 2014. All parties represented in the delegation place great importance on irrigated agriculture support for small farmers, helping lift them out of poverty and achieve food security for the country, which suffers from constant food crises. In light of this priority, the government established an initiative under the slogan ‘Nigerian feed Nigerians’ overseen by a ministerial department, which seeks to utilize government resources and coordinate with stakeholders and partners to support agriculture, uniting efforts in working in the interest of small farmers.

    The minister in charge of the initiative, Amadou Gallo, explained that over the past month he has organized visits to some of the villages of Tillabery, which included a delegation of the minister in charge of the initiative of the head of state, a representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization in Niger, the Director of Qatar Charity Niger, as well as local authorities and heads of villages in the areas of the visits.

    The visit covered seven agricultural sites, met the farmers and witnessed the effects of the support provided, hearing their impressions of the project as well as the problems that they still face and which they hope to overcome in the future.

    “I can only express pleasure at what I have seen of the good effect of the aid provided by the government and its development partners on the lives of people in the villages,” said Gallo. “We now seek to multiply these efforts annually; to include other villages and wider agricultural areas, and I made sure that the people understood well the goal of the government and its partner organizations, to do everything in our power to continue this work, which is not devoid of shortcomings and difficulties, and that we will work to overcome these difficulties in order to achieve the best results in the coming years,” Gallo added.

    Representative of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Amadou Ouattara, said, “The core of this organization's mission is to support the government to achieve food security, and I have confirmed today, through this visit, that what we offer is beneficial but that we need to do more.”


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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, World Food Programme, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Points saillants

    • L’équipe technique mVAM a effectué une mission de terrain, pour recueillir les suggestions des réfugiés et pour explorer les possibilités de mise en œuvre du mVAM dans un autre camp où le PAM distribue des bons d’achat alimentaire.

    • La phase pilote a pris fin après le troisième round de collecte intervenu du 20 au 24 mars 2015.

    • Tout au long de cette phase pilote, le mVAM s’est révélé être un instrument efficace de collecte d’informations fiables sur certains indicateurs de sécurité alimentaire.

    • En mars 2015, le taux de participation a franchi la barre des 90%. Les campagnes de sensibilisation menées par ACTED, l’ONG en charge de la gestion du camp, ont été particulièrement déterminantes dans l’atteinte de ces résultats satisfaisants.

    • La proportion des ménages ayant une consommation alimentaire acceptable a baissé pour se situer désormais autour de 48% en mars 2015 (contre 72% en janvier et 68% en février).


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • The Federal Government of Nigeria has directed all ministries, agencies and extra-ministerial departments to prepare their handover briefs ahead of the May 29 inauguration of President Buhari. UNHCR is positioning itself to acclimate to the new administration and continue its work in harmony with relevant governmental departments.

    • Some IDPs in Nigeria have reportedly returned to their areas of origin. Others have expressed their willingness to return, stating that the only impediment is lack of assistance.

    • UNHCR launched the 2015 Regional Refugee Response Plan (RRRP) for the Nigeria situation on 9 April in Dakar. Twenty-three sister UN agencies and NGO partners are requesting US$174,409,920 to meet the needs of over 240,000 refugees and host communities in Cameroon, Niger and Chad.

    • Koussery transit site in Cameroon has been closed and handed over to the authorities. The remaining refugees, claiming to return to their villages in Nigeria, unanimously decided to leave the site.

    • Attendance in both schools of Baga Sola in Chad has decreased by 70 per cent. Refugees have said that food insecurity and the distance from schools are among the reasons for this absence.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, REACH Initiative
    Country: Niger


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Aujourd’hui vers 11h30, un convoi de fournisseurs civils de la MINUSMA a une nouvelle fois été attaqué par des assaillants à 30 kilomètres à l’Ouest de Gao.

    Les premiers rapports indiquent qu’au moins un chauffeur a été assassiné, son camion a par la suite été brûlé.

    Une patrouille de la MINUSMA a immédiatement été envoyée sur place.

    Le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général et Chef de la MINUSMA, M. Mongi Hamdi, condamne fermement cette nouvelle attaque: « je suis outré par ces crimes crapuleux touchant des civils innocents. Nous allons réajuster nos dispositifs pour que de tels actes criminels ne se renouvellent pas, la MINUSMA ne peut les tolérer », a-t-il déclaré.

    M. Hamdi a ajouté « je lance également un appel aux forces de sécurité maliennes pour qu’elles renforcent leurs dispositifs sécuritaires, plus particulièrement sur cet axe. Les auteurs doivent rapidement être arrêtés afin qu’ils répondent de leurs actes devant la justice. »


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