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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    6 September 2014 – The United Nations Security Council today welcomed the release in Gao, Mali, on 30 August of the two Algerian diplomats that were taken hostage by the armed group Mouvement pour l'Unicité et le Jihad en Afrique de l'Ouest (MUJAO) in April 2012.

    The 15-member body also condemned the assassination of another Algerian diplomat and expressed deep regret about the death while in captivity of the Algerian Consul.

    They expressed their deep condolences to the family of the two victims and stressed that those responsible must be held accountable. The Government of Mali must swiftly bring the perpetrators to justice.

    The Council reaffirmed the need to combat by all means threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts, and that all acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable. At the same time, States have a responsibility to ensure that measures taken to combat terrorism comply with international law, in particular international human rights and humanitarian law.

    Countries should prevent terrorists from benefiting directly or indirectly from ransom payments or from political concessions and to secure the safe release of hostages.

    Council members also reiterated their full support for the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and the French forces who support it and called on all parties to cooperate fully with the Mission.


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    Source: Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali
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    I- SITUATIONS METEOROLOGIQUE ET HYDROLOGIQUE

    La situation météorologique au cours de la période du 21au 31 août 2014 a été caractérisée par des activités pluvio-orageuses fréquentes engendrant des pluies faibles à modérées et fortes par endroits.

    Les quantités de pluies recueillies pendant la décade ont été en général déficitaires excepté les localités de Kayes, Diéma, Kati, Sikasso, Kadiolo, Kolondiéba et Mopti.

    A la date du 31 août 2014 le cumul des pluies recueillies depuis le 1er mai est normal à excédentaire sauf à Koulikoro, Bamako Sénou, Oueléssébougou, Sélingué, Bankoumana, N’Tarla San et Niono. Comparé au cumul de l’année dernière il est en général égal ou supérieur.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Guatemala

    El PMA entregó al Gobierno guatemalteco, 60 kits de materiales y equipo para la implementación de “Sitios centinela comunitarios” para el sistema de alerta temprana de nutrición.

    “Con el apoyo de nuestros donantes, AECID y Australian Aid, pudimos colaborar con este material y equipo para implementar sitios centinela en nueve municipios del corredor seco -El Progreso y Zacapa-”, indicó el representante del PMA en Guatemala, Mario Touchette.

    Agregó que instalar sistemas de alerta temprana de nutrición sobre todo, en áreas vulnerables y estos momentos de afección por falta de lluvias, es sumamente oportuno.


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    Source: Redhum
    Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua

    La sequía que afecta a países de Centroamérica, sin precedentes en 40 años, podría generar problemas alimentarios sobre todo para la población vulnerable de Honduras, Guatemala y El Salvador, y en menor medida de Nicaragua y Costa Rica.

    Una Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana Contra la Hambruna (FEWS NET), financiado por la agencia estadunidense para la cooperación y el desarrollo, anticipó que las afectaciones "agravarán la situación de seguridad alimentaria" en los próximos meses.

    En agosto, los países centroamericanos registraron una demora de entre cinco y 20 días en el inicio de la temporada lluviosa, lo cual podría causar retrasos y daños en la siembra de postrera.

    "En Honduras y El Salvador los jornaleros y pequeños productores de café y de granos básicos de subsistencia se clasificarán de agosto a diciembre en seguridad alimentaria en estrés (fase 2)", indicó un reporte de la Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana Contra la Hambruna.

    El difícil escenario para Honduras y El Salvador será consecuencia del desempleo en las áreas cafetaleras y de "las limitadas reservas de alimentos y los altos precios en los granos básicos, a consecuencia de las pérdidas de maíz y frijol en las siembras de primera 2014".

    En Honduras, el retraso y el déficit de lluvias provocaron en las siembras de primera daños totales y parciales, según las zonas de producción, tanto en áreas de autoconsumo como comerciales. El reporte citó que la Comisión Permanente de Atención de Contingencias de Honduras identificó 97 municipios con daños, con alrededor de 114 mil familias afectadas.

    El informe no citó a Guatemala, pero en este país las autoridades declararon desde la semana pasada una emergencia para afrontar la peor sequía en 40 años y brindar ayuda humanitaria a 236 mil familias damnificadas. El documento tampoco dio cuenta de la situación en Costa Rica.

    Para el caso de Nicaragua, el monitoreo advirtió una inseguridad alimentaría mínima (Fase 1) por una disponibilidad actual de reservas de granos. Pero los hogares nicaragüenses de agricultores de subsistencia y migrantes laborales verán empeorar su situación de octubre a diciembre.

    Las dificultades de las comunidades vulnerables de los países del área para acceder a alimentos podrían agravarse en los próximos meses, debido a que los pronósticos climatológicos que anticipan un 56 por ciento de probabilidades de que se presente el Fenómeno de El Niño entre septiembre y noviembre.

    El Fenómeno de El Niño es un patrón climático recurrente que modifica la temperatura de las aguas en la parte central y oriental del Pacífico tropical. En períodos que van de tres a siete años, las aguas superficiales de una gran franja del Océano Pacífico tropical se calientan o enfrían entre uno y tres grados centígrados, en comparación con la temperatura normal.

    Dicho calentamiento oscilante y el patrón de enfriamiento afectan en forma directa la distribución de las precipitaciones en las zonas tropicales y puede tener una fuerte influencia sobre el clima en otras partes del mundo.

    Las proyecciones advierten para las costas del Pacífico centroamericano un periodo de lluvias por debajo de lo normal en septiembre, octubre y noviembre, "situación que causará pérdidas en las cosechas de postrera".

    Pero esa situación solo agravará lo que ya países de la región ha padecido en los últimos meses. Por ejemplo, Nicaragua experimenta en 2014 la peor sequía en 30 años, con pérdidas significativas en granos básicos, reducción o eliminación de agua en los pozos y "la eliminación de la disponibilidad alimentaria de los más vulnerables".

    En el caso de Costa Rica, este es el único país del área que declaró que se encuentran en presencia del Fenómeno de El Niño, lo que determinó el inicio de acciones gubernamentales.

    El fenómeno afecta en particular a la noroccidental provincia de Guanacaste, que limita con Nicaragua, y con menor intensidad al sector central del litoral oeste y la zona del Valle Central, donde se ubican la capital San José y otros grandes centros urbanos.

    Cuando el actual gobierno (2014–2018) se instaló, el pasado 8 de mayo, las autoridades del Ministerio costarricense de Agricultura y Ganadería tuvieron conocimiento de que la sequía se hallaba en una etapa avanzada, con probabilidad de agudizarse. Esto determinó la elaboración de un plan de acción y la implementación de medidas para evitar daños mayores a los ya registrados en el sector agropecuario.

    Según datos de su Ministerio de Agricultura y Ganadería proporcionados a Notimex, en la zona noroccidental, las pérdidas al 30 de julio que no fue posible evitar en el sector agropecuario, llegaban a 14 mil 300 millones de colones (algo más de 28 millones de dólares).

    El desglose de la cifra indica que el sector agrícola perdió nueve mil 500 millones de colones (unos 19 millones de dólares) y el pecuario cuatro mil 600 millones de colones (algo más de nueve millones de dólares). En cuanto a los productores golpeados por la sequía, la dependencia los ubica en alrededor de tres mil.

    Para paliar la situación, el gobierno de México anunció medidas de apoyo a sus vecinos centroamericanos, entre ellas asistencia técnica en manejo de aguas, tecnología agrícola y salud. También aseguró que acompañará a los países de Centroamérica con acciones específicas enfocadas en las principales necesidades identificadas por los propios Estados afectados.

    La tragedia de Guatemala

    Casi 300 mil familias guatemaltecas, cifra que se traduce en más de un millón 200 mil seres humanos, afrontan la cotidiana batalla de conseguir alimentos para paliar el hambre tras haber perdido sus cosechas debido a una severa sequía.

    La prolongada canícula se registra desde finales de junio pasado en algunas zonas de esta nación centroamericana de 15 millones de habitantes.

    Como un primer esfuerzo extraordinario, las autoridades guatemaltecas comenzaron a distribuir raciones alimentarias que llegarán, también, en un primer bloque a 28 mil familias del oriente del país, la región más afectada.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: UN Office of the SRSG for Children and Armed Conflict
    Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Iraq, Mali, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, World, South Sudan

    Madame President, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

    I come to you today with a heavy heart for the children affected by armed conflict around the world. Though we continue to see progress to better protect children, new crises are rapidly overshadowing these gains. Some of these crises are covered in the report before you, while others have begun or intensified since the report was submitted. This council has been briefed on Syria repeatedly and the situation there remains grave for children. You have also recently travelled to South Sudan and Somalia and witnessed for yourself the conditions there. Children in these and other conflicts are paying a high price.

    The events that are unfolding in Iraq have led to increased grave violations committed by all parties to the conflict. I am appalled by the total disregard for human life shown by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levante during its rapid expansion within Syria and from Syria into Iraq. The images that we see through media reporting of indiscriminate and brutal killings of civilians, including children, are leaving us speechless and horrified. Although the highly unstable security situation in the region slows our monitoring, we know that up to 700 children have been killed or maimed in Iraq since the beginning of the year, including in summary executions. I remain deeply concerned over recent reports of ISIL targeting minorities, including children and women, in the growing area under their control in Syria and Iraq. ISIL has tasked boys as young as 13 to carry weapons, guard strategic locations or arrest civilians. Other children are used as suicide bombers. Sadly, we have also received reports of Iraq Government allied militias using children in the fight against ISIL and the whereabouts of numerous children jailed on security charges by the Government is currently unknown following militias storming these facilities in July.

    ISIL is not the only perpetrator of child rights violations, rather part of a broader regional challenge which includes Boko Haram’ expansion of its area of operation. Boko Haram has been listed this year for the killing and maiming of children and attacks on schools and hospitals and the United Nations are currently setting up the monitoring and reporting mechanism to better gather and verify information of grave violations against children in northern Nigeria. Targeted attacks on schools, students and teachers by Boko Haram have led to the death of at least 100 schoolchildren and 70 teachers in 2013. Health workers, including polio vaccinators in the north-east, have also been targeted. The abduction of the girls from Chibok, in April of this year, has horrified the entire world. Over 200 girls are still in the hands of Boko Haram and I call on the Government of Nigeria and its partners to take any and all measures to bring the girls back. We are now receiving reports that Boko Haram has recruited and used boys and girls as young as 12 years of age in their attacks, including in raids on schools. I am also worried by reports about grave violations perpetrated by armed elements allegedly associated with Government forces in northern Nigeria. I look forward to the Government’s announced investigation into these incidents as perpetrators, no matter who they are, must be held accountable for their acts.

    Madame President, Excellencies,

    It would be remiss if I did not address the horrific toll that the conflict in Gaza has taken on the children. We have seen intense fighting that far exceeds the casualties of the previous escalations in 2008-2009 and 2012 combined. I am horrified by the fact that since the beginning of July, more than 500 Palestinian children were killed and at least 3,106 were injured or maimed by Israeli forces – two thirds of whom are under the age of 12 and one third of whom have been permanently disabled. At least 244 schools, including 75 UNRWA schools, were shelled by Israel’s armed forces and one school was used as a military base by the IDF. As the school year has started, and 110,000 people remain displaced, many in school facilities, the access to education for the children of Gaza is severely affected and will remain limited for the foreseeable future. To add to this tragedy, medical personnel were also killed during the shelling and half of Gaza’s hospitals were damaged, preventing children from obtaining urgent medical care.

    There are victims on both sides and I am equally disheartened by the killing of one Israeli child and the injury of six others since the beginning of July as a result of rocket fire by Hamas. The indiscriminate firing of rockets against civilian areas also resulted in the damage of three schools in Israel. In addition, the use of three vacant UNRWA schools by Palestinian armed groups as weapons stores in Gaza is unacceptable.

    We cannot afford impunity in the face of such grave violations of international law that in some cases may amount to war crimes. The events in Gaza must be thoroughly investigated and identified perpetrators from all parties to the conflict must be held accountable. I cannot stress enough the urgent need to work towards a lasting peace. A ceasefire is only a temporary measure and we have been here before. The international community must put its weight behind addressing the root causes of this conflict. As the Secretary-General himself has said, we cannot afford to have another cycle of violence; the people in the State of Palestine and Israel deserve a durable peace which respects the rights of all parties, and which should place high value on the rights of the children.

    Madame President, Excellencies,

    Many other situations witnessed grave violations against children in 2013 and face similar challenges today. Instability and rising tensions in Libya, Afghanistan, the Central African Republic, Mali or South Sudan continue to threaten the wellbeing of the weakest and require our outmost efforts to protect them.

    The intensification of activities by armed groups give rise to military responses that sometimes mirror the tactics of the groups they are fighting, including the use of methods of warfare with little or no respect for civilians. We must remind Governments, who are sometimes under extreme pressure, of their obligations under international humanitarian law in the conduct of operations and under international human rights law at all times.

    The fight against impunity remains one of the key aspects in our efforts to not only react to but prevent grave violations against children. We must make better use of the tools at our hands in ensuring that perpetrators face prosecution: by including them in sanctions regimes, by doubling our efforts in enhancing national capacities in the judicial sector, and by strengthening the framework of international justice, including the referral of perpetrators to the International Criminal Court.

    Madame President, Excellencies,

    To raise attention and address these harrowing challenges facing children in conflict, this Council has given my Office, the broader United Nations, concerned Governments and partners the tools to reduce violations or end them entirely. Chief among these tools are Security-Council mandated action plans with State and non-state parties who recruit and use children, kill or maim children, who attack schools and hospitals, or perpetrate sexual violence against children. Of course the implementation of these action plans would not be possible without the efforts of all our partners, including UNICEF, DPKO, DPA and their child protection advisors on the ground.

    Six months ago, I launched the global campaign “Children, not Soldiers jointly with UNICEF to work towards a goal of no children in Government forces by the end of 2016. In the past six months, the campaign has received an almost overwhelming amount of support first and foremost from the countries concerned and the Security Council, who endorsed it in its Resolution 2143, but also by regional organizations, NGO partners, and Member States. I am particularly happy to welcome Forest Whitaker, the UNESCO Special Envoy for Peace and reconciliation, who has joined our efforts under the “Children, not Soldiers” campaign. I want to extend my gratitude to all.

    The Government of Chad, with the full support of the United Nations, already fulfilled all the requirements under its action plan to end and prevent the recruitment of children in its armed forces, and has been de-listed from this year’s report of the Secretary-General. In May, Yemen became the 7th country concerned by the campaign to sign an action plan with the UN. During my visit in June, South Sudan recommitted to the action plan signed in June 2012. Progress was also achieved in Somalia. During my recent visit, Somali authorities showed strong will to move forward on the implementation of its action plan. Important progress continues in Afghanistan, Myanmar and the DRC.

    Madame President, Excellencies,

    The vast majority of the parties listed are non-state actors. To date we have concluded an equal number of action plans with state and non-state actors. Non-state actors continue to approach my Office and our partners on the ground to conclude action plans to end violations against children. A recent example is the commitment to end child recruitment communicated to my Office and to this Council by the Free Syrian Army in Syria. Riek Machar of the SPLA in Opposition has also signed a commitment with me in May. We are witnessing progress with non-State armed groups in Darfur, and I am hopeful that we will be able to conclude the compliance activities of our action plan with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in the Philippines soonest. I am encouraged by such progress and the Council’s constant encouragement in this regard is a boon to our efforts.

    I cannot overemphasize the importance for specific attention to the plight of child victims of armed conflict in peace processes and agreements. Children are the future of a society. Longstanding peace will never be achieved without giving the children the means, skills, and education to re-build a society and institutions torn by armed conflict. Although the primordial aim of a cessation of hostilities must be a swift end to fighting, and children are often the first to profit, the more substantial stages of peace negotiations can be challenging with regard to grave child rights violations. We must do more to include special provisions for children affected by the conflict into peace agreements.

    Madame President, Excellencies,

    Today’s armed conflicts increasingly see schools and health facilities in the direct line of fire. The Security Council has recognized this important aspect in its resolutions 1998 and 2143. To implement the tools provided to us in these resolutions, I have jointly published ‘Protect Schools and Hospitals’ a guidance note on attacks on schools and hospitals with UNICEF, UNESCO and the World Health Organization. With this guidance, our field practitioners will be better equipped to monitor and report, engage in advocacy and work with parties to conflict to end and prevent attacks on schools and hospitals.

    A key strategy of my mandate as Special Representative has been to deepen my engagement with regional organizations. My Office has a long-standing relationship and developed a series of guidelines in conjunction with the European Union. I have continued to actively engage with the African Union and am happy to note that, in addition to the partnership agreement signed last year, the African Union has just announced the creation of a Special Envoy on Children and Armed Conflict. With the escalation of conflict and its impact on children across the Arab world, I have sought to strengthen ties with the League of Arab States and we are developing a cooperation agreement to enhance our common work. My Office also continues to engage with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization to further mainstream child protection standards among the forces of its member-states and partners.

    Madame President, Excellencies,

    No one in this room today, having read the Secretary-General’s report and heard the latest developments in the conflicts before this Council can consider children as a “collateral” issue. Indeed we now know that, in a large majority of conflicts around the world, children are targeted and used deliberately – conflict confronts them in their homes, at school, in hospitals and when they seek to run away. That is why we, and the world with us, expect so much of the Security Council and why this Council can and must place children at the centre of each and every peace and security action it takes; from peace agreements to mission mandates to accountability for crimes. I count on you, but more importantly, the child victims around the world count on you.

    Thank you for your Attention.

    For more information please contact:

    Stephanie Tremblay, Communications officer, Office of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, Tel: +1 212 963-8285 Mobile: +1 917 288-5791 tremblay@un.org


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
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    Regional Overview

    Lesotho

    The situation in Lesotho remains calm but tense. It is being reported that Lieutenant General Tlali Kamoli is refusing to negotiate an end to the political stalemate. South Africa and SADC are still very much committed to dialogue to resolve the current situation.

    In Focus: Mozambique

    Overall, in May the Food Security Nutrition (FSN) at country level has improved after the occurrence of shocks from December 2013 to March 2014.
    The current food insecure population sits at 150,000 people


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
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    Destacados

    • LLUVIAS INTENSAS: Huracán Norbert, convertido en ciclón tropical, deja a su paso por México 3 personas muertas y unos 2,500 damnificados.

    • SEQUÍA: De acuerdo con la Red de Sistemas de Alerta Temprana Contra la Hambruna (FEWS NET), la sequía agravará en los próximos meses la situación de inseguridad alimentaria en Centroamérica.

    • MIGRACIÓN: En los últimos días, han sido deportados desde EEUU 31 hondureños que trataban de entrar al país de forma ilegal (16 de ellos son menores de edad y 15 mujeres).


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Guatemala

    El PMA entregó al Gobierno guatemalteco, 60 kits de materiales y equipo para la implementación de “Sitios centinela comunitarios” para el sistema de alerta temprana de nutrición.

    “Con el apoyo de nuestros donantes, AECID y Australian Aid, pudimos colaborar con este material y equipo para implementar sitios centinela en nueve municipios del corredor seco -El Progreso y Zacapa-”, indicó el representante del PMA en Guatemala, Mario Touchette. Agregó que instalar sistemas de alerta temprana de nutrición sobre todo, en áreas vulnerables y estos momentos de afección por falta de lluvias, es sumamente oportuno.

    Por su parte, el Subsecretario de SESAN, Germán González, agradeció al PMA y sus donantes, por la entrega del material y dijo: “Con el material y las capacitaciones con las que el PMA nos ha apoyado, las instituciones involucradas, podrán tomar decisiones oportunamente y evitar una crisis de inseguridad alimentaria y nutricional”.


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen, South Sudan
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    Libya: Concern is growing for the increasing number of people affected by crisis since mid-July, as violence persists, rival governments are failing to assure basic services, and most humanitarian organisations have withdrawn.

    Ethiopia and Sudan: Outbreaks of hepatitis E have been reported in IDP camps in South Darfur and among South Sudanese refugees in Ethiopia. At Kalma camp in Sudan, 150 people are thought to have died, and 500 more to have been infected over the past two months. 354 cases of jaundice and hepatitis E have been recorded at Leitchuor camp in Ethiopia since late May.

    Iraq: The UN planning figures estimate 1.8 million displaced since January, 850,000 of whom are in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Shelter is a major challenges and resources are insufficient for adequate construction of the camps that have been planned. Parliament approved a new Government, while Iraqi security forces launched operations around Haditha city, and Peshmerga forces attacked Islamic State positions northeast of Mosul.

    Updated: 09/09/2014. Next update: 16/09/2014

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
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    Mensajes principales

    • La tasa de inflación mensual de alimentos de América Latina y el Caribe fue de 0,7% en julio, en tanto la inflación general fue de 0,6%.
    • De los países monitoreados de la subregión que aglutina a América Central, México y el Caribe, sólo Costa Rica, Nicaragua y Panamá presentaron tasas de inflación más bajas en julio que las que habían mostrado el mes previo.
    • Durante julio, de los países monitoreados en América del Sur, Bolivia, Brasil y Paraguay presentaron menores tasas de inflación tanto alimentaria como general en comparación con el mes previo.
    • Durante el mes de julio, productos como el tomate, la cebolla y la papa fueron los alimentos que reiteradamente incidieron positivamente en la inflación de los países de la región. Por el contrario, productos como el limón, el queso y el huevo incidieron negativamente en la inflación.
    • El índice de precios de los alimentos de la FAO alcanzó un nivel de 203,9 puntos, esto es, un 2,1% menos que el valor registrado en junio. En tanto, en comparación con julio del año previo, el índice de alimentos fue un 1,7% menor. Con lo anterior este índice se ubica en su nivel más bajo en seis meses, tras importantes reducciones en las cotizaciones de cereales, lácteos y aceites.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    FONDS REQUIS: $ 481.0
    FINANCEMENTS: $ 210.3
    NON COUVERT: 270.7


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria
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    Faits saillants

    • Personnes déplacées du Nigeria : 6284 nouvelles arrivées ont été enregistrées en l’espace de deux semaines dans la Région de Diffa, soit le nombre le plus important des 5 derniers mois.

    • Fin de la mission Ministérielle d’évaluation de la campagne agricole dans la région de Diffa : Entre espoir et crainte.

    • L’insécurité alimentaire et la pauvreté des ménages contribuent fortement à la mauvaise performance de l’éducation dans la région de Diffa.

    • Protection : 11 cas d’enfants séparés ont été rapportés par IRC.

    • Le cas de polio virus détecté sur un enfant provenant du Nigéria a suscité une riposte urgente des autorités sanitaires.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Malawi
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    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Favourable national maize supplies, following bumper 2014 harvest

    • Maize prices decrease sharply in response to the improved supply situation

    • Overall, food security conditions improve in 2014, but areas where production declines were recorded remain a concern


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    Source: Danish Refugee Council
    Country: Somalia

    More than 1 million people in Somalia are facing acute food insecurity, and the situation in the country is beginning to resemble the period prior to the famine in 2011. At that time, the international community was unprepared for the scale of the crisis, and that mistake must not be repeated, warns the Danish Refugee Council.

    A combination of instability, drought and increased food prices now poses a serious threat to IDPs and other vulnerable groups in Somalia with 1 million people are at risk.

    "Conflict, drought and vulnerable civilians - we have seen this scenario before, and we know the potential consequences. I visited our emergency program in Mogadishu in 2011, and witnessed first-hand the consequences of a delayed and inadequate response. With serious crises in Syria, South Sudan, Iraq and the Central African Republic, DRC as well as other key humanitarian actors are pressured in terms of capacity and resources, which is why we must take action before the situation in Somalia spins out of control, "says International Director for the Danish Refugee Council (DRC) Ann Mary Olsen.

    Food security has gradually improved since the famine in 2011 that cost 250,000 lives, but after two years of modest improvements, things are now moving in the wrong direction once again. The UN recently released a series of alarming stats - 3 million people rely on humanitarian aid, more than 200,000 children under the age of five are in urgent need of supplementary food rations and access to clean water and sanitation, more than 40,000 of these children are so severely malnourished that they will die if they do not receive medical treatment and therapeutic food.

    "Our teams on the ground in Somalia are reporting a continuous deterioration of the humanitarian situation. At the same time, we know that the notoriously volatile security situation in the country will be a major challenge in an accelerating crisis. This is the situation we are preparing for, and this is the situation that requiresimmediate international attention,"says Ann Mary Olsen.

    DRC has a long history in Somalia and currently work through 19 operational field offices throughout the country where programmes are developed, designed and implemented by more than 300 international and national staff.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger
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    Aperçu de la situation

    Le conflit armé affectant le nord du Mali depuis 2012 a subi une escalade en janvier 2013. Au plus fort de la crise, près d'un demi million de personnes ont fui le nord du pays pour se réfugier dans le sud du Mali ou les pays voisins. La majorité d'entre eux sont aujourd'hui rentrés.

    126 249 personnes demeurent Déplacées Internes (PDIs) dans les différentes régions du pays et 139 491 sont réfugiés en Mauritanie, Burkina Faso, au Niger et dans d'autres pays.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Mali
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    Key Findings

    • 19,499 households (101,279 IDPs) registered and identified by IOM in all regions in Mali. 64,362 IDPs in the south and 36,917 IDPs in the north.

    • IDPs’ movements toward the northern regions continue, even if they have decreased since the beginning of the year.

    • A survey conducted on IDPs in the south and in the north, revealed that 77% of displaced households want to go back to their place of origin, while 21% would like to settle in the place of displacement.

    • 361,836 returnees (to their places of origin) were identified in Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal and Mopti.

    • A survey conducted on IDPs’ primary needs, shows that 60% of the displaced households expressed needs in term of food, 12% in term of NFIs, 11% for shelter.


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    Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
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    • A seasonable distribution of rainfall was received across parts of the Sahel during the last week.
    • Little relief to seasonal dryness was observed throughout parts of central Ethiopia.

    1) Below-average rains during the Belg season and a late onset of the Kiremt rains have led to persistent moisture deficits, which have delayed planting and negatively affected the development of already-planted crops over the Arsi and West Arsi zones in central Oromia of central Ethiopia.

    2) Despite a seasonable return of precipitation during August, moisture deficits have persisted in northwestern Senegal. The delayed onset of the season in July has already resulted in deteriorated conditions and affected crops on the ground.

    3) An early cessation of Mar-May seasonal rainfall, as well as, an anomalously dry July have led to deteriorated crop and degraded pasture conditions across several zones in central and northern Ethiopia.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    RÉSUMÉ

    Objectifs stratégiques

    1. Recueillir les données sur les risques et les vulnérabilités, les analyser et intégrer les résultats dans la programmation humanitaire et de développement.

    2. Soutenir les populations vulnérables à mieux faire face aux chocs en répondant aux signaux d’alerte de manière anticipée, réduisant la durée du relèvement post-crise et renforçant les capacités des acteurs nationaux.

    3. Fournir aux personnes en situation d’urgence une assistance coordonnée et intégrée, nécessaire à leur survie.

    Mesures prioritaires

    1. Améliorer l’accès aux services sociaux de base dans les domaines de la santé, éducation, nutrition ainsi que eau, hygiène et assainissement particulièrement dans les zones affectées par le conflit.

    2. Renforcer les activités de protection des populations les plus vulnérables, dont les personnes déplacées internes, les communautés hôtes, les retournés et les rapatriés et initier une stratégie pour le développement et la mise en œuvre de solutions durables.

    3. Répondre aux conséquences de la crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle via, notamment, des activités de prise en charge nutritionnelle, de l’assistance alimentaire et de l’appui à l’agriculture.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Sudan
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    PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR FEBRUARY 2015 External needs in FEB. ?

    This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for coutries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries, denoted by “RM”. Visit www.fews.net for detailed country reports


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