Are you the publisher? Claim or contact us about this channel


Embed this content in your HTML

Search

Report adult content:

click to rate:

Account: (login)

More Channels


Showcase


Channel Catalog


Channel Description:

ReliefWeb - Updates

older | 1 | .... | 259 | 260 | (Page 261) | 262 | 263 | .... | 728 | newer

    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burkina Faso
    preview


    La saison moyenne attendue conduira à un retour de l’insécurité Minimale

    Messages clés

    Dans le nord du pays, zone agropastorale, entre juillet et septembre, les ménages pauvres dans et autour de la région de Sahel feront face à des difficultés de protection des moyens d’existence du fait de la baisse de leur pourvoir d’achat par suite d’une dégradation des termes de l’échange bétail/céréales. Ils vivront ainsi une insécurité alimentaire sous Stress (IPC Phase 2) jusqu’en septembre.

    Toujours dans le nord du pays, la pluviométrie se caractérise par sa mauvaise répartition aussi bien dans le temps que dans l’espace, prolongeant ainsi la soudure pastorale et suscitant des inquiétudes chez les producteurs qui attendent de semer. Dans cette zone, les prévisions saisonnières indiquent entre juillet et septembre, un cumul pluviométrique déficitaire à tendance normale.

    Dans le reste du pays, où il est attendu des cumuls pluviométriques moyens à inférieurs à la moyenne entre juillet et septembre, la campagne agricole se déroule assez normalement et les ménages traversent une période de soudure habituelle dans un contexte marqué par des stocks commerçants au-dessus de la moyenne et des prix des denrées de base autour de la moyenne quinquennale.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Argentina, Brazil, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, China, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Sudan
    preview


    Key Messages

    • In West Africa, large producers and traders increased sales of last year’s remaining stocks with the onset or progression of rains throughout the region. Prices were stable or declining with the exception of deficit areas of Niger and Chad. Record-high rice and wheat imports from international markets reinforced food availability in Senegal and Mauritania.
    • In East Africa, sorghum prices increased more quickly than usual due to constrained trade flows during the lean season in northern and eastern South Sudan, southern Somalia, Darfur and South Kordofan States of Sudan. Maize prices declined seasonably across most markets in Tanzania, Uganda and the areas of Ethiopia dependent on the February-to-June (Belg) rains. Livestock prices declined in some pastoral and agro-pastoral markets due to poor animal body conditions following varied performance of March to May rains.
    • In Southern Africa, staple food prices declined or remained stable as the harvest season continued. Regional food availability is average to above-average. Maize prices were generally below their respective 2013 levels. In Zambia, the removal of the subsidy on the Federal Reserve Agency’s maize selling price and increased transportation costs since 2013 kept maize meal prices relatively high.
    • In Haiti, staple food prices were stable due to adequate food availability countrywide following early local harvests. In Central America, red bean prices increased atypically from December through June in Nicaragua, Honduras, and El Salvador due to a below-average Primera harvest and increased regional and export demand. Local and imported rice prices remained stable throughout the region. Global coffee prices increased by over 64 percent since December 2013 due to poor harvests prospects in key exporting countries.
    • In Central Asia, wheat grain and flour availability was good region-wide in June. Prices were stable but above the recent five-year average.
    • International rice prices remained stable in June 2014 (Figure 2). Maize and wheat prices declined due to positive supply outlooks for 2014/15. The probability of an El Nino occurring in 2014 continues to rise, and could affect global staple food production in late 2014 and early 2015. Crude oil prices were stable.

    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Malawi
    preview


    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Maize, rice, and cassava are the most important food commodities. Markets selected represent the entire geographic length of the country: two markets in each of the north, center, and south. In the north, Karonga is one of the most active markets in maize and rice and is influenced by informal cross-border trade with Tanzania. Mzimba is a major maize producing area in the northern region. Salima, in the center along the lake, is an important market where some of the fishing populations are almost entirely dependent on the market for staple cereals. Mitundu is a very busy peri-urban market in Lilongwe. In the south, the Lunzu market is the main supplier of food commodities such as maize and rice for Blantyre.
    The Bangula market in Nsanje district was chosen to represent the Lower Shire area, covering Chikwawa and Nsanje districts


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, World Food Programme, Government of Burkina Faso
    Country: Burkina Faso
    preview


    L’étude sur l’Analyse Globale de la Vulnérabilité, de la Sécurité Alimentaire et de la Nutrition (AGVSAN) initiée en 2013 et finalisée en 2014 vient compléter et actualiser les données de l’édition 2008. Elle utilise la nouvelle approche (Consolidated Food Security Indicator Approach) du PAM pour appréhender la sécurité alimentaire dans toutes ses dimensions.

    L’AGSAV est basée sur l’analyse de données secondaires issues d’enquêtes quantitatives menées au niveau des ménages par le gouvernement et les agences humanitaires ces dernières années. Il s’agit notamment de :

    Evaluation approfondie post-sécheresse de la sécurité alimentaire des ménages (Octobre 2012) ;
    Enquête Nationale sur l’Insécurité Alimentaire et la Malnutrition (EIAM, Juin 2008) ;
    Enquêtes permanentes agricoles (2008 à 2013) ;
    Suivi et évaluation standardisés des urgences et transitions (SMART/annuelle) ;
    Enquête Démographique et de Santé (2010) ;
    Enquête intégrale sur les conditions de vie des ménages (2009) ; et
    Suivi des prix des denrées alimentaires sur les 48 marchés de céréales et 22 de bétail du pays.

    Elle a été réalisée grâce à la volonté d’un ensemble d’acteurs et institutions : le Gouvernement du Burkina, ses partenaires techniques et financiers, les chercheurs et les opérateurs intervenant dans le domaine de la sécurité alimentaire au Burkina.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Chad
    preview


    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Sorghum, millet, white maize, and local and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is most heavily consumed in the eastern and northern regions of the country. Local rice is another basic food commodity, especially for poorer households. Imported rice and white maize are most commonly consumed in and around the capital. The Marché d'Atrone in N’Djamena, the capital city, is the largest market for cereals. Moundou is an important consumer center for sorghum and the second largest market after the capital. The Abéché market is located in a northern production area. The Sarh market is both a local retail market and a cross-border market.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Guatemala
    preview


    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Maize is the main source of calories and protein in the Guatemalan diet. White maize is more heavily consumed than yellow maize, but the latter is preferred in some regions and used as poultry feed. Every Guatemalan household consumes black beans: as a protein source it is a particularly valuable complement to cereals in regions where households have limited access to animal products. Consumption habits are strongly linked to tradition and culture. Rice is mainly consumed in urban and peri-urban, but some rural households consume it as well. Guatemala is highly dependent on imported rice. The market in Guatemala City is the largest in the country and feeds the highest concentration of the population.


    0 0

    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department
    Country: Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Chad, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, World

    Humanitarian situation and needs

    Key messages

    • Fighting acute undernutrition is a priority for the European Commission's Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department (ECHO). €164 million of humanitarian assistance was allocated in 2013 alone. Through its funding ECHO contributes to addressing the root causes of this problem.

    • Women and children are particularly vulnerable to undernutrition, which has dramatic impact on morbidity, mortality but also on children's physical and cognitive development.

    • In addition to natural disasters, undernutrition is often caused by structural problems like food insecurity, chronic poverty or lack of public services in the health and education sectors.

    • To fight undernutrition in a more sustainable manner, humanitarian and development actors must work together through a multisectoral approach to build up the resilience* of the most vulnerable communities.

    • Most of ECHO's nutrition interventions in 2013 focused on the response to the Sahel crisis and continued support to the Horn of Africa* and South Asia, two regions that are particularly vulnerable to disasters.

    Major needs and related problems

    • Global hunger and undernutrition affect more people than ever before. This is linked to population growth and the increasing frequency and intensity of natural and man-made disasters, which reduce the capacity of the most vulnerable populations to access safe and nutritious food and health services, which would allow them to lift themselves out of poverty.

    • 3.1 million children die every year because of undernutrition; this is more than 8 000 children every day (Source: The Lancet, 2013). In response to this unacceptable reality, the European Commission increasingly targets its humanitarian and food assistance* on the hungriest and most vulnerable populations in extreme crises.

    • 'Wasting', meaning that children are too thin for their height due to starvation and/or disease, is affecting 52 million children under the age of five in the world, most of them living in Asia. It has a dramatic impact on morbidity, mortality but also on the development of children's physical and cognitive capacities. Acute undernutrition is also affecting women, especially those pregnant or lactating and increases their mortality risk and that of their babies. The first 1 000 days of life are particularly critical in preventing undernutrition and its consequences.

    • Wasting is not only related to humanitarian crises. Some countries have persistent high levels of acute undernutrition such as in South Asia, where it is estimated that wasting is prevalent in over 15% of the population.

    Read the full factsheet


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria
    preview


    SITUATION OVERVIEW

    It is estimated that 4.3 million people in Niger are chronically food-insecure and unable to meet their basic food requirements even during years of average agricultural production. During periods of constrained access to food, millions more can quickly fall into acute transitory food insecurity. Over-reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture and animal husbandry, widespread poverty, limited infrastructure, low levels of education, and limited effective coverage of basic services, aggravated by high population growth, high levels of indebtedness, and recurrent crises, have weakened the resilience of the most vulnerable people.

    The situation of children is of particular concern with 1.005.000 children under the age of 5 acutely malnourished. The national prevalence of global acute malnutrition among children 6-59 months reached 13.3 percent nationwide, exceeding the emergency threshold of 15 percent Maradi region. Historic trends indicate that even during non-crisis years, rates of acute malnutrition can rapidly peak beyond emergency thresholds during the lean season period, when food access is most constrained.


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger
    preview


    2014 REQUIREMENT 391 millions

    FUNDING 165 millions

    UNMET REQUIREMENT 226 millions


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali
    preview


    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWSNET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Millet, rice, and sorghum constitute the basic staple foods for the majority of the Malian population. Millet has traditionally been the most widely consumed, but since 2005 rice has become a popular substitute in urban households. Sorghum is generally more important for rural than urban households. Markets included are indicative of local conditions within their respective regions. Ségou is one of the most important markets for both the country and region because it is located in a very large grain production area. Bamako, the capital and largest urban center in the country, functions as an assembly market. It receives cereals from Koulikoro, Ségou, and Sikasso for consumption and also acts as an assembly market for trade with the northern regions of the country (Kayes and Koulikoro) and Mauritania. Markets in the deficit areas of the country (Timbuktu and Gao) receive their supplies of millet and rice from Mopti, Ségou and Sikasso.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mauritania
    preview


    Les conditions de la sécurité alimentaire vont s’améliorer au vu des prévisions saisonnières

    Key Messages

    • Les ménages pauvres de l’ouest de la zone de cultures pluviales (nord du Guidimakha) et du sud-ouest de la zone agropastorale (nord et est du Gorgol) restent en situation de Crise (Phase 3 IPC). Ils sont confrontés à une période de soudure particulièrement difficile, et font face à des difficultés à satisfaire leurs besoins alimentaires de base en raison d’une forte dépendance du marché alors que revenus saisonniers sont très faibles.

    • L’intensification des transferts de céréales maliennes, la reprise du travail agricole en fin juillet, ainsi que l’amélioration des conditions pastorales devraient, entre août et septembre, améliorer la situation alimentaire des ménages pauvres sauf dans l’ouest de la zone agropastorale qui restera en Crise (Phase 3 de l’IPC).

    • À l’exception de certaines zones pastorales et de décrue qui resteront en situation de Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC), toutes les zones de moyens d’existence se retrouveront en insécurité alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC) après septembre. Les zones à vocation pastorale et la Vallée du fleuve Sénégal ne devraient cependant bénéficier de cette amélioration des conditions de la sécurité alimentaire que tardivement du fait de leur dépendance de la décrue.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mauritania
    preview


    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Local rice and sorghum are the most consumed food products by poor households in Mauritania followed by imported wheat which is a substitute that these households turn to the most. Local rice is grown in the river valley (in the southern regions of Trarza, Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha). Sorghum is produced in all areas of production (rainfed) and in flood-recession areas. However, a significant portion is imported from Mali and Senegal. Mauritania depends greatly on food imports (70% in a good agricultural year and 85% in a bad year) than on internal production. Nouakchott is the principal collection market for imported products and also the distribution market where traders acquire supplies for the secondary markets referenced below. Cooking oil is consumed mainly in urban areas. The sale of animals is a lifestyle in all areas and an important source of income and food.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger
    preview


    Augmentation de l’insécurité alimentaire en zones pastorales suite à une soudure atypique

    Messages clés

    • Dans les zones pastorales, la période de soudure se prolonge et persiste en juillet avec la médiocrité des pâturages et les pénuries d’eau. Le niveau de l’insécurité qui est en Crise (IPC Phase 3) en juillet pourrait évoluer en Stress (IPC Phase 2) en août et en Minimal (IPC Phase 1) en septembre jusqu’en décembre si la bonne pluviométrie qui s’observe en fin juillet se maintienne jusqu’en fin septembre 2014.

    • Dans les zones agricoles et agropastorales, l’ampleur d’insécurité alimentaire des ménages, qui persiste, globalement en Stress (IPC Phase 2) n’a pas connu une augmentation à la faveur des assistances alimentaires du gouvernement et des actions humanitaires des partenaires. Toutefois, si le faible niveau de financement du plan national de soutien persiste, l’ampleur de l’insécurité alimentaire pourrait atteindre Crise (IPC Phase 3) dans des zones localisées.

    • Les résultats des analyses sur les prévisions des pluies indiquent une situation pluviométrique globalement moyenne pour les pays du Sahel dont le Niger. Toutefois, ces résultats aussi de fortes probabilités d’occurrence de séquences sèches plus longues prévues pendant la phase de reproduction des cultures, ce qui laisse présager des déficits possibles de rendements agricoles dans les zones à semis tardifs.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger
    preview


    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area. Gaya market represents a main urban market for maize with cross-border connections. Maradi, Tounfafi, and Diffa are regional assembly and cross-border markets for Niger and other countries in the region. These are markets where households and herders coming from the northern cereal deficit areas regularly buy their food. Agadez and Zinder are also important national and regional markets. Nguigmi and Abalak are located in pastoral areas, where people are heavily dependent on cereal markets for their food supply. They are particularly important during the rainy season, when herders are confined to the pastoral zone.


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
    preview



    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone
    preview


    HIGHLIGHTS

    • 1,323 Ebola cases and 729 deaths in Sierra Leone, Liberia, Nigeria, and Guinea. Highest number of confirmed cases in Sierra Leone.

    • One out of every three refugee children from the Central African Republic suffers from acute malnutrition.

    • UNICEF reports that one in every three primary school children are out of school in northern Nigeria due to the insurgency.

    • Cameroon currently hosts 230,000 refugees from both Central African Republic and Nigeria.

    • Sub-national Coordination Mechanisms established in Nigeria to cover humanitarian coordination in 15 hubs.


    0 0

    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali

    By Daouda Guirou

    During the lean season, when food from the last harvest begins to run out, levels of malnutrition can nearly double. Any added stress during these difficult months can further threaten the health of already-vulnerable people. In Mali, WFP is working hard to make sure a grim situation does not get worse.

    MOPTI - Perched on the side of the Bandiagara cliffs, the village of Sibi Sibi overlooks a dried creek bed. Drought has hit the village several times over the last decade, taking its toll on the livelihoods and health of the town’s 1,300 inhabitants.

    Just two years ago, during the Sahel drought of 2012, Fanta Karembe, a 21-year old mother from Sibi Sibi, had to fight to survive a very tough lean season. Now, just as she was finally beginning to recover from the last crisis, drought has again hit her village.

    In the Sahel, climate change is making weather increasingly unpredictable, and drought is becoming the rule more than the exception. Of the 21 municipalities of Bandiagara, 16 are suffering from drought this year, including Sibi Sibi.

    An early lean season

    While the lean season usually lasts from June through September, this difficult period started early this year. The few baskets of millet Fanta was able to harvest in November were barely enough to feed her children for two months.

    “Each morning, my husband would open the cupboard and hand me a few ears of millet. I would grind the grain and go into the bush to pick some louwoto leaves [a kind of vine]. I would then use the leaves and millet flour to prepare couscous to feed my children,” she explains.

    Despite her efforts, the food Fanta scraped together for her family was simply not sufficient to meet their needs. Her one-year old, Ali, fell sick frequently. “Every three days, I had to walk five kilometers to bring him to the health centre” says Fanta. “He lost weight and had frequent diarrhea.”

    Right food, right place, right time

    In February 2014, in partnership with World Vision and with contributions from France and the UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund (UN CERF), WFP began a project to prevent malnutrition across northern Mali, including Sibi Sibi. This programme, called blanket feeding, aims to reduce malnutrition during high-risk periods like the lean season.

    Young children are of particular concern when it comes to malnutrition because their health can deteriorate faster and the risk of death is greater. Blanket feeding therefore targets children aged 6 to 23 months as well as pregnant women and nursing mothers.

    “The key period to prevent malnutrition is from the time of conception up to a child’s second birthday.” Explains Niamke Ezoua Kodjo, Nutrition Specialist with WFP-Mali. “By investing in children during this important window, WFP is investing in their future,” he adds.

    Since February, 80 children in the village have benefited from this project. They receive a monthly ration of enriched supplements, adapted specifically to their age group. “Since I started giving this food to my son, he has gained weight and is feeling a lot better,” Fanta says.

    Impressive results

    The health register in Sibi Sibi lists all the village’s cases of malnutrition month-by-month. In February, the register recorded 48 cases. Five months later, that number has dropped to just five.

    In total this year, WFP’s work to prevent malnutrition has supported more than 100,000 children and 50,000 women across Mali.


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria
    preview


    Faits saillants

    • Trois cent trente-cinq personnes sont arrivées cette semaine contre 175 personnes la semaine précédente

    • Le déroulement de la campagne agricole est préoccupant, particulièrement dans le département de N’Guigmi où aucun village n’a semé.

    • Plus de 70 000 personnes sont arrivées dans la région de Diffa depuis le mois d’avril 2013.

    • Le CERF alloue plus de 5 millions de dollars afin de renforcer la réponse humanitaire à Diffa.

    (*)Plus de 70 000 Déplacés du Nigeria Estim.

    78% Retournés

    22% Réfugiés

    (*) Compilation des chiffres ainsi qu’il suit : 37,332 : chiffre validé en septembre 2013 par la DREC (Direction Régionale de l’Etat Civil), 33950 chiffre des arrivées depuis septembre 2013 à ce jour (situation du monitoring IRC du 25 juillet 2014)


    0 0

    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Afghanistan, Armenia, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Chad, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
    preview


    Global Highlights

    • During the first quarter of 2014, the global cereal price index decreased by 12% year-on-year, and slightly increased by 2% compared to the previous quarter.

    • Real prices of maize were relatively stable and only 2% higher than the previous quarter of 2014.
    Compared to the same period of the previous year, maize prices are low (-28%).

    • Real prices of wheat increased significantly by 9% from Q1 to Q2-2014. More recently, for June, prices are down due to an increase in global supply and production.

    • For rice, real prices are down by 7% since Q1-2014 and firmly below Q2-2013 (-27%) following record projections of global rice production early in the quarter.

    • During the second quarter, the cost of the minimum food basket increased severely (>10%) in El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua particularly due to price increases for red beans. High changes (5-10%) occurred in 8 monitored countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Palestine, Sudan, Tanzania, the Philippines, and Yemen. In the remaining 56 of 67 monitored countries, the impact of the commodity price changes was low or moderate (<5%).

    • Price spikes, as monitored by ALPS (ALert for Price Spikes) are evident in India, Mali, Pakistan,
    Palestine, Sudan, and Zambia as highlighted on the map below. The spikes indicate crisis levels for the most important staple sold in the monitored market.


    0 0

    Source: IRIN
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

    DAKAR, 4 August 2014 (IRIN) - More donor support is needed to help close the US$1.5 billion funding gap in the Sahel this year and protect the livelihoods of the estimated 20.2 million people who are at risk of food insecurity. Only 30 percent of the $2.2 billion appeal to fight hunger and malnutrition, and build resilience in the region has been met by donors as of July, according to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).

    "The funding for the whole effort is what I would characterize as pretty anaemic," said Robert Piper, the UN regional humanitarian coordinator for the Sahel. "We are well short of what we require, and to make the task even more difficult, the budget has increased since the beginning of the year."

    Due to the influx of refugees from the ongoing crisis in the Central African Republic into neighbouring Sahel countries, an additional $200 million was added to the initial appeal to provide life-saving assistance to the more than 2.4 million refugees, internally displaced people and returnees now living in the region, as well as the host communities taking them in.

    Needs increasing

    "Outside the usual recurring situations in the Sahel, the conflict in CAR and northern Nigeria is quite worrisome this year, as are the collateral effects in neighbouring Chad and Cameroon," said Stephane Doyon, a regional emergency response representative for Médecins Sans Frontières. "The refugees have lots of needs, which are additional needs to be met. "

    Since the beginning of the year, the number of people who have crossed the threshold from food insecure to severely food insecure, also rose, jumping from 2.5 million in January, to 5 or 6 million now, as the lean season begins.

    "So we started the year with some big numbers, and the trend, sadly, is on the increase and not the decrease," Piper said.

    This has put even more of Sahel's already vulnerable households at risk of developing negative coping strategies, such as migrating, begging, selling livestock or assets, and reducing their number of daily meals.

    Stubbornly high malnutrition rates

    Moderate and severe acute malnutrition rates among children under five remain "stubbornly high", at around 3.5 million and 1.5 million, respectively.

    While experts say it is too early to make any definitive predictions about crop production this year, there is concern about certain parts of the Sahel, including the coastal areas of Senegal, Mauritania and the Gambia, and the area around Lake Chad, where, more than a month into the normal wet season, there still has been little to no rain. In other parts of these countries, rains started on time, but have since stopped, or come with long gaps in between, and the seeds that were planted have died.

    A delayed rainy season has also meant a longer than usual lean season for pastoralists, who rely on rainfall for vegetation to feed their animals.

    "The current situation in the Sahel is quite difficult, and we are now entering a period of further hardship," said Patrick David, a food security analyst for the UN Food and Agriculture Organization's (FAO) Regional Resilience, Emergency and Rehabilitation Office for West Africa and the Sahel.

    He said many households have already used up last year's food stocks and been forced to buy from the market, where rising food prices further strain already limited resources.

    FAO says it is working to build resilience in the Sahel through activities such as supporting animal husbandry, agriculture, cereal banks, access to credit and other social protection programmes.

    However, only $7.5 million, or 14 percent, of FAO's $116 million appeal (included in the inter-agency Sahel appeal) has been met. While this is nearly on a par with last year's July funding gap of 14.8 percent, it is much lower than 25 percent that was met at this time in 2012.

    "We really need to continue to be vigilant about hunger in the Sahel and donors need to continue to aid response efforts, because for those vulnerable households who are currently moderately food insecure, who don't have support or who are maybe at their limit for food security, they could become severely food insecure over the coming year," David said.

    The World Food Programme (WFP) says it has been experiencing similar difficulties. While they have tried to keep all their programmes running, many have been scaled down due to a $230 million shortfall of funds across all the countries they work in.

    "It's really difficult for us to continue implementing these programmes without adequate funding," said Benoit Thiry, WFP's country director in Niger.

    He said that in Niger, for example, WFP planned to target close to 2 million people in 2014, but has so far only been able to assist 500,000 because of budget constraints.

    Competition for funds

    One of the reasons for this year's gap could be that the Sahel is competing for funds among increasing needs around the world.

    Globally, humanitarian funding needs increased from $12.8 billion in 2013, of which $8.3 billion was funded, to $16.9 billion in 2014. A large reason for this increase is the crisis in Syria, the needs for which jumped more than $4 billion in a year.

    "This has put tremendous pressure on donor budgets," Piper said. "And it's not very obvious who to turn to, because the biggest donors [the European Union, USA, Japan and UK] have already put their resources on the table," he said.

    To help meet some of the unmet needs, the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) released $30.5 million on 23 July to help with relief efforts in seven countries in the Sahel.

    There remains, however, "fatigue" among other donors.

    "Donors keep watching these numbers go up and desperately want reassurance that their funds are being used properly, but even more fundamentally, that there is a way out of this suffering for all their financial investment," Piper said.

    Given the recurrent funding gaps, governments need to start playing more of a role in combating food insecurity and building up resilience.

    Stop the crisis cycle

    "Year after year, we are returning to the same regions, to the same communities, even to the same households and so governments really need to put more long-term, predictable safety nets in place to support these people," said Piper.

    This means addressing some of the key underlying issues that are making it difficult for people to break out of the cycle of crisis, including extending people's access to basic services, such as health, education and sanitation, investing in climate change adaptation strategies, such as flood mitigation and seed research, and investing in water management projects, like irrigation systems.

    Governments also need to start putting aside more money for emergency response efforts, and policymakers need to make their most vulnerable members of society a priority. Financially, this is difficult, however, in light of increasing security budget needs.

    "Even though many countries are now putting food security and nutrition high on their priority list," Thiry said, "they still lack the money and often the capacity to put such projects in motion. So if we really want to build up this idea of resilience, and take the heads of people out of the water, we need to invest more than what we are doing now."

    While there is evidence of more government involvement happening in some countries, such as Burkina Faso, which is funding for the first time the inputs for an acute malnutrition programme, it just is not enough.

    "So we really need donors to stay their course," Piper said. "They've been generous to date, but they need to stay with this region, which is still facing enormous issues. and continue to support this effort to transform the region away from this cycle of crisis."

    jl/aj/cb


older | 1 | .... | 259 | 260 | (Page 261) | 262 | 263 | .... | 728 | newer