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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: South Sudan, Sudan

    Harvests to improve food security in most areas, but conflict likely to drive continued high needs

    Key Messages

    • Harvests in October/November are expected to significantly reduce the number of people in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) or higher, from peak levels during the June to September 2016 lean season. Own-produced foods, reductions in staple food prices, improved harvest labor opportunities, and increased livestock productivity should improve household food access and result in Minimal (IPC Phase 1) or Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes in most areas.
    • Conflict, insecurity, and additional displacement will continue to drive Crisis (IPC Phase 3) acute food insecurity between October 2016 and May 2017, particularly in South Kordofan, Blue Nile, and Jebel Marra areas. The number of refugees from South Sudan is expected to increase, resulting in additional, urgent assistance needs.
    • Rainfall was above average in many areas during most of the main (June to September) 2016 rainy season, leading to favorable cropping prospects and the likelihood for above average 2016/17 crop production and pasture regeneration in Sudan. In areas affected by conflict, limited access to cultivateable land is likely to reduce production at the household level, while dry spells in September are likely to result in below-average production in parts of South Kordofan and North Darfur.
    • The promising 2016/17 harvest season is leading to price decreases for locally produced cereals (sorghum and millet) in the markets of main production areas. Sorghum and millet prices decreased by five and 25 percent between August and September and are likely to decline further during the scenario period. Despite this declining price trend, current staple food prices remain above average across many markets.

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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Libya, Niger

    Libya - On 1 November, IOM assisted 167 stranded Nigerien migrants including 48 women, 40 children and 79 men, to return home to Niger from southern Libya.

    The IOM charter flight was coordinated in close cooperation with the Libyan authorities, the Nigerien embassy in Tripoli, its consulate in Sabha, the Libyan Red Crescent in Sabha and IOM Niger.

    It departed from Tminhint airport, 30 kilometres from Sabha and 750 kilometres south of the capital Tripoli, and arrived in Niamey airport in Niger the same evening.

    IOM interviewed the migrants before they departed and provided health checks to ensure that they were fit to travel.

    They included Samira, 31, who left Niger with her family. Samira came to Libya looking for work and a better life. Back in Niger she plans to finish her studies and become a doctor.

    Another returnee, Aicha, 34, lost her husband in an armed confrontation in Libya. She was left alone with her five-year-old son, with no means to provide for herself or her child. She plans to rejoin her family in Niger.

    The charter was IOM Libya’s second humanitarian repatriation from southern Libya. The operation was funded by the UN Central Emergency Response Fund and the Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

    For further information, please contact IOM Libya. Othman Belbeisi, Tel: +216 29 600389, Email: obelbeisi@iom.int or Ashraf Hassan, Tel +216 29 794707, Email: ashassan@iom.int


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Nigeria

    Nigeria - IOM Nigeria’s 12th Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) report, released last week (31/10), shows that 1.8 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) and nearly one million returnees are in need of assistance across Nigeria’s northeast.

    The report shows the number of returnees since August 2015 is up from 910,955 in August 2016 to 958,549. The movements of IDPs, including back to their home areas, are largely associated with unmet needs, the search for humanitarian aid and improving security in some parts of the region.

    “The humanitarian community needs to be ready to support the increasing number of people who are going home,” said Enira Krdzalic, IOM Nigeria Chief of Mission. “Many people will return to nothing as so many houses, villages, and crops were destroyed in the conflict. IOM is working with landowners and local communities to provide longer-term shelters for families returning to such devastation,” she added.

    This latest DTM report covers 161 sites (camps and camp-like settings) around the four northeastern states, Adamawa, Borno, Taraba, and Yobe, with these types of settlements. Bauchi and Gombe states do not yet have formal or informal camps. The number of sites assessed in this DTM is greater than in any previous displacement tracking report from IOM Nigeria; the last DTM covered 155. Site assessments for this report were conducted between 21 September and 26 October 2016.

    Adamawa, Yobe, and Borno are seeing the most IDPs returning to their homes in those three states. Returnees come from within Nigeria and from neighbouring countries, including Cameroon and Chad. Food is the greatest unmet need for nearly half of all people surveyed. Blankets and other non-food relief items are second in demand. Others ask for shelter.

    Those three states also have the most IDPs, with 93 percent of the total number: 1,822,541 individuals (321,514 families). That number is down by 3.3 percent (61,173 individuals) from the last DTM, which was published in August. The decrease in IDPs is related to the increase in returnees. It is also related to the reduction in states covered in this DTM, from 13 previously to six. This, however, allowed the DTM to focus on the states most affected by the conflict.

    Maiduguri Metropolitan Council local government area in Borno State hosts the most IDPs with 528,765. That has been consistent across previous DTM reports. Nearly all (97 percent) of the IDPs surveyed say they are displaced because of the violence that escalated across the northeast in 2014. Just over half (53.6 percent) of IDPs are female; 55 percent are under 18 years old and half of them are younger than five.

    For information on food supplies, healthcare access, and camp conditions, please read the full report.

    The DTM programme is funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Office (ECHO), and Nigeria’s National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA).

    For further information, please contact IOM Nigeria. Henry Kwenin, Tel. +234 (0) 903 885 2524, Email: hkwenin@iom.int or Julia Burpee, Tel. +234 (0) 907 373 1170, Email: jburpee@iom.int


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: UN Human Rights Council
    Country: Mali

    GENEVE / BAMAKO (4 novembre 2016) – L’Expert indépendant des Nations Unies sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Mali, Suliman Baldo, effectuera sa septième visite officielle dans le pays du 7 au 16 novembre. Cette visite permettra à l’expert d’évaluer l’évolution de la situation des droits de l’homme et la mise en œuvre de l’accord de paix et réconciliation, notamment les dispositions essentielles relatives aux droits de l’homme.

    « A la fin de ma dernière visite, j’ai lancé un appel aux parties maliennes à s’engager de nouveau dans la mise en œuvre effective des dispositions de l’Accord pour qu’une paix durable puisse s’installer au Mali et les droits de l’homme de tous les maliens puissent être respectés », a indiqué M. Baldo.

    « Une paix durable devrait s’installer afin de promouvoir le développement socio-économique et culturel ainsi que la justice et la réconciliation. Je voudrais évaluer si on est sur le bon chemin », a souligné l’expert.

    L’Expert indépendant a noté qu’il y a des défis importants, dont l’impunité pour les violations et abus des droits de l’homme du passé et la lutte actuelle contre les groupes extrémistes. Selon lui, ce qui est important à ce stade, est de mettre une stratégie en place pour s’attaquer aux défis.

    « J’ai toujours accordé une attention particulière aux violences faites aux femmes, y compris dans le cadre du conflit. Ces femmes ont un droit à une protection, à une justice en cas d’abus ou violation et à des réparations adéquates. Je voudrais voir s’il y a des avancées dans ces domaines », a-t-il dit.

    Au cours de sa mission de dix jours, M. Baldo rencontrera les membres du Gouvernement malien, ainsi que des représentants d’ONG, des médias, et d’associations de victimes. Il s’entretiendra également avec le corps diplomatique et l’équipe pays des Nations Unies au Mali.

    A la fin de sa visite, M. Baldo partagera ses observations préliminaires, conclusions et recommandations avec les médias. L’expert indépendant présentera son rapport et les résultats de sa mission devant le Conseil des droits de l’homme, en mars 2017.

    M. Suliman Baldo (Soudan) a pris ses fonctions d’expert indépendant sur la situation des droits de l’homme au Mali le 1er août 2013. Le mandat d’expert indépendant a été renouvelé par le Conseil des droits de l’homme de l’ONU le 15 avril 2014 pour une période d’un an en vue d’aider le Gouvernement malien dans ses actions de promotion et de protection des droits de l’homme et dans la mise en œuvre des recommandations formulées dans les résolutions du Conseil. M. Baldo a occupé des fonctions de Directeur pour l’Afrique à la International Centre for Transitional Justice basé à New York et à la International Crisis Group. En 2011, il a été un des trois membres de la Commission international sur les violences post électorales en Côte d’Ivoire, mise sur pied par le Conseil des droits de l’homme de l’ONU.

    Pour consulter les rapports récents de l’Expert Indépendant, prière de se rendre sur le lien suivant : http://ap.ohchr.org/documents/dpage_e.aspx?m=203

    Les experts indépendants font partie de ce qui est désigné sous le nom des procédures spéciales du Conseil des droits de l’homme. Les procédures spéciales, l’organe le plus important d’experts indépendants du système des droits de l’homme de l’ONU, est le terme général appliqué aux mécanismes d’enquête et de suivi indépendants du Conseil qui s’adressent aux situations spécifiques des pays ou aux questions thématiques partout dans le monde. Les experts des procédures spéciales travaillent à titre bénévole; ils ne font pas partie du personnel de l’ONU et ils ne reçoivent pas de salaire pour leur travail. Ils sont indépendants des gouvernements et des organisations et ils exercent leurs fonctions à titre indépendant.

    Droits de l’homme de l’ONU – Page d’accueil du Mali : http://www.ohchr.org/FR/Countries/AfricaRegion/Pages/MLIndex.aspx

    Pour des informations additionnelles et des demandes des media, bien vouloir contacter :
    A Genève (avant la visite): Brian Ruane (+41 22 928 9724 / bruane@ohchr.org)
    A Bamako (pendant la visite): Guillaume Ngefa (+223 79879118 / ngefa@un.org)

    Pour les demandes médias liés à d’autres experts indépendants de l’ONU:
    Xabier Celaya - Service de presse (+ 41 22 917 9383 / xcelaya@ohchr.org)

    Pour vos sites d’informations et les médias sociaux: des contenus multimédias et des messages clefs sur nos communiqués de presse sont disponibles sur les comptes officiels du Haut-Commissariat sur les médias sociaux. Merci de nous référencer en utilisant les pseudonymes suivants: Twitter: @UNHumanRights Facebook: unitednationshumanrights Instagram: unitednationshumanrights Google+: unitednationshumanrights Youtube: unohchr


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    JUBA – A multi-agency convoy led by the United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) has delivered lifesaving humanitarian assistance to families trapped for four months by increased insecurity in, and around, the town of Yei in South Sudan.

    The convoy of 38 trucks transporting one month of food rations including sorghum, yellow-split peas, and vegetable oil from WFP, water, sanitation and child protection items from the UN Children’s Agency (UNICEF) and shelter items from the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) arrived in the town on Friday

    “We have deployed a rapid response team to provide food to nearly 52,000 people who have been cut off from food supplies for four months,” said WFP South Sudan Country Director Joyce Luma.

    “Yei is traditionally a place where people can grow their own food but since violence intensified in July people have been forced to leave their crops to rot in the field while they remain hungry. We are bringing assistance now but we are advocating for free and safe movement so that people can cater for their own food needs.”

    Following an outbreak of violence in the South Sudanese capital of Juba in July, there has been a spike in conflict in the southern part of the country which is the most agriculturally productive region. This has kept farmers from their fields and disrupted food markets – as there have been ambushes along trade routes including the road between Juba and Yei.

    The insecurity has also forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes for safety in neighbouring Uganda; estimates indicate that 295,000 South Sudanese refugees have arrived in Uganda since July.

    The current response in Yei comes after WFP provided 9,000 people with food at the end of October in the villages of Logwili and Loka West in Lainya County where people have also fled into bushes as a result of increased insecurity.

    With the support of donors including Canada, the European Union, Finland, Germany, Japan, Luxemburg, Norway, Switzerland, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America, as well as several private donors, WFP has provided food and nutrition assistance to 3.2 million people in South Sudan this year.

    ###

    WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

    Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media @wfp_africa

    For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):
    George Fominyen, WFP Juba: mobile +211 922 465 247
    Bettina Luescher, WFP/Geneva, Tel. +41 22 917 8564, Mob. + 41-79-842-8057
    Gerald Bourke, WFP/New York, Tel. +1-646-5566909, Mob. +1-646 525 9982
    Steve Taravella, WFP/Washington DC, Tel. +1 202 653 1149, Mob. +1 202 770 5993


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • UNICEF, in conjunction with the Ministry of Health, is undertaking a SMART nutrition survey in the Northern and Eastern regions of Cameroon. This is the first time a nutrition survey will take place in Logone and Chari departments since 2013.

    • The most neglected crisis facing Cameroon is the continued presence of 259,145 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) in the East and Adamawa regions.

    • In the East, despite high levels of needs, UNICEF’s child protection programme has been reduced to skeletal projects. This is solely due to lack of funding.

    • As part of the Back to School sensitisation campaign in September, more than 44,000 refugee and IDP children have benefitted from the provision of teaching and learning materials.

    Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

    Since 2014, Cameroon has been faced with three humanitarian crises. As a result of the crisis in northeast Nigeria, large numbers of people have been displaced in the Far North region of Cameroon. 192,912 people, 69% of whom are children under the age of 18 (HNO September 2016), have been internally displaced by the ongoing conflict with Boko Haram.

    Furthermore, around 74,000 refugees from Nigeria have come across the border in 2016- 60,562 (83%) of whom live in Minawao camp.

    The most neglected crisis facing Cameroon is the continued presence of 259,145 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) who are living with host communities and sites throughout the East and Adamawa regions.

    The refugees and displaced persons are coming into host communities with very limited resources and regions that are already facing an ongoing nutrition crisis as part of the Sahel, with malnutrition rates that are reaching emergency thresholds.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Botswana, Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Background

    The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is a part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.

    EWEA enables FAO to act early before disasters have happened to mitigate or even prevent their impact. By lessening damages to livelihoods and protecting assets and investments, FAO can help local livelihoods become more resilient to threats and crises.

    The Global EWEA report is a quarterly forward-looking analytical summary of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture. The report specifically highlights two types of contexts:
    - Potential new emergencies caused by imminent disaster threats; and
    - In countries currently in a situation of protracted crisis or already in the response stage of an emergency, the risk of a significant deterioration of the situation with a severe impact on food security and/or agriculture is also covered. For this kind of risk, the analysis will focus on the additional risk factors which would, either alone or in combination with others, lead to a substantial deterioration of the situation.

    Countries affected by protracted crises or already in the response stage of an emergency, where there are limited signs of a significant deterioration, are not included in the report. However, an overview of countries with humanitarian response plans or emergency plans is provided on page 24.

    The report’s summary is rooted in the analysis provided by existing FAO corporate and joint multi-agency information and early warning systems, mainly:
    - Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS);
    - Food Chain Crisis and Emergency Prevention System (FCC-EMPRES); and
    - Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).

    Additional corporate information and external sources are also consulted for the development of this report. A detailed list is available on page 23.

    Through a consensus-based process countries have been indicated as “high risk” when there is a very likely new emergency or deterioration of the current situation with potentially severe effects on agriculture and food security, and in which FAO and partners should start implementing early actions on a no-regret basis.

    Countries listed as “on watch” instead have a moderate to high likelihood of a new emergency or deterioration of the current situation, with potentially moderate or significant impacts on agriculture and food security. An overview of the risk ranking methodology is provided on page 3.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania

    Delayed onset and early seasonal rainfall deficits worsen over eastern Horn

    Key Messages

    • Rainfall for the October to December season over the eastern Horn of Africa is significantly delayed and remains well below average over southern and southeastern Ethiopia, southern and central Somalia, and eastern and northeastern Kenya. Remote sensing products suggest pastoral conditions and vegetation conditions in marginal cropping areas are well below average.
    • In western areas of the region such as Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda, and South Sudan seasonal rainfall performance has been generally favorable since mid-October, following either with either a timely or slightly delayed onset of season or dry spells in early to mid-October. However, there are some initial rainfall deficits around the Lake Victoria basin.
    • Rainfall forecasts for the coming week (November 6-13) suggest rainfall is expected to improve in many areas of the eastern Horn of Africa during the next week, and heavy rainfall is expected over Burundi, Rwanda, and northern Tanzania. However, the week-two forecast (November 14-21) indicates much lighter and erratically distributed rainfall over the eastern Horn.

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    Source: International Alert
    Country: Mali

    Summary:

    Inadequate governance, institutional fragility and widespread insecurity are both consequences and causes of the expansion of criminal activities. The impact of their proliferation is key to understanding the current – and endemic – instability affecting Mali. Yet, to date, there is little indication that policy strategies put forward by the Malian government, as well as by its international partners, are learning from the past to engage with the issue of organised crime as a threat to peace and security. This policy brief aims to help address this gap. Understanding how crime impacts on the achievement of development goals, on conflict risks, and on mounting fragility and safety threats is indeed crucial for building long-lasting and sustainable peace in Mali.


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    Source: International Alert
    Country: Mali

    Une mauvaise gouvernance, la fragilité des institutions et le règne de l’insécurité sont à la fois cause et conséquence de l’intensification des activités criminelles. Tenir compte de l’impact de leur prolifération est déterminant pour comprendre l’instabilité actuelle, et endémique, qui règne au Mali. Pourtant, à l’heure actuelle, il y a peu de preuves que les stratégies politiques, mises en place par le gouvernement malien ainsi que par ses partenaires internationaux, tirent les leçons du passé et prennent en compte le problème du crime organisé ainsi que la menace qu’il représente pour la paix et la sécurité. Cette synthèse a pour but d’aider à combler ce manque. Comprendre l’impact du crime sur la réussite des objectifs de développement, sur les risques de conflit et sur la fragilité grandissante et l’augmentation des menaces à la sécurité est en effet crucial pour l’établissement d’une paix durable au Mali.


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    Source: Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation
    Country: Nigeria

    The girl, Maryam Ali Maiyanga, was "discovered to be carrying a 10-month-old son", army spokesman says

    • More than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped in 2014

    • Boko Haram freed 21 of the girls in October

    • Army offensive in Boko Haram's forest stronghold (Adds quotes, details, background)

    By Alexis Akwagyiram

    LAGOS, Nov 5 (Reuters) - One of more than 200 schoolgirls abducted by jihadist group Boko Haram from their school in northeast Nigeria's Chibok in 2014 has been found by soldiers, a Nigerian army spokesman said on Saturday, weeks after the militants released 21 of the girls.

    Read the full article on the Thomson Reuters Foundation


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    Source: International Peace Institute
    Country: Mali

    by Arthur Boutellis

    There was little media coverage of last month’s United Nations ministerial meeting on Mali—opened by Malian President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta and UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon—held on the sidelines of the General Assembly in New York. This was in stark contrast to four years ago, when United States presidential candidate Mitt Romney mentioned the conflict in northern Mali during a debate with Barack Obama. Does this mean that Mali is falling off a busy multilateral agenda dominated by the refugee crisis, Syria, and the transition to a new UN secretary-general?

    The optimists would see it as a sign that the situation is not as bad as it once seemed, and that the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), deployed in July 2013, is—alongside French counterterrorist force Barkhane—helping to prevent terrorist groups reoccupying northern Mali. Yet this goes against observations of “a doubling in the number of attacks perpetrated by violent extremist groups in northern Mali” and the fact that “attacks have spread to the center of the country” as Ban noted in his most recent Mali report to the Security Council.

    The pessimists, then, would see the reduced attention being paid to Mali as a sign of fatigue in the face of limited progress over the implementation of the peace agreement signed in Bamako in June last year. This followed the Algiers inter-Malian peace negotiations between the government and the two coalitions of armed groups in northern Mali—the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) and the Plateforme.

    The implementation of key confidence-building measures included in the agreement—including joint patrols between the Malian army and ex-rebels now set for December, as well as the installation of interim authorities—continues to be delayed. Meanwhile, the CMA has faced high-level defections, while pro-government militia the Self-Defense Group of Imrad Tuareg and Allies (GATIA), a Plateforme member, has maintained military pressure on CMA members around Kidal since July 21-22 clashes over the control of the city, which left some 20 dead.

    In a June 2015 article, I noted that little guidance and means have been given so far to UN missions for dealing with terrorist threats and implementing a stabilization mandate in contexts such as Mali. In a new publication, “Waging Peace: UN Peace Operations Confronting Terrorism and Violent Extremism,” the Global Center for Cooperative Security’s Naureen Chowdhury Fink and I offer some reflections on the broader political and practical challenges, opportunities, and risks facing UN peace operations in complex security environments.

    Using Mali as one of our case studies, we argue that the value the UN can add to confronting terrorism and violent extremism is not in delivering a decisive military response but in supporting and strengthening preventive, multi-stakeholder approaches. We also submit that a UN system-wide debate on how the organization and its peace operations can adapt to this role provides it an opportunity to develop a more strategic approach to waging and sustaining peace, by addressing the drivers of terrorism and violent extremism rather than merely managing their symptoms.

    This need for a longer-term perspective has become more pressing in Mali in light of a flurry of incidents since the beginning of this month. On October 3, an attack on the MINUSMA camp  in Aguelhok killed one and injured eight others, among them members of a Chadian peacekeeping contingent. On October 9, six Barkhane soldiers were injured when their vehicles hit an improvised explosive device (IED) in Abeïbara. On October 11, Swedish peacekeepers within MINUSMA killed a man attempting a suicide attack against their patrol in Timbuktu. There have also been a number of attacks on the Malian army in past months, the latest, on October 13, killed four and injured another seven. An earlier attack that killed 17 Malian soldiers and injured another 35 led to the dismissal of Defense Minister Tiéman Hubert Coulibaly.

    The only good news for UN peacekeeping is that, despite the heavy human and financial cost, MINUSMA has indeed proven it has a certain ability to adapt to this asymmetric threat environment. Counter-IED training and the provision of anti-mine vehicles seem to have reduced the number of fatalities from attacks on the UN mission over time. Security Council Resolution 2295 of June 2016 renewing MINUSMA’s mandate also authorized it to adopt a more “proactive and robust posture,” including when protecting civilians against asymmetric threats, and added some 2,500 troops.

    The problem is that, despite the UN mission’s unprecedented intelligence-gathering capabilities, it has to date never been in a position to effectively prevent and preempt a terrorist attack on the basis of information alone. Furthermore, the main instance of MINUSMA peacekeepers using force remains the January 20, 2015, Dutch Apache helicopter strike on fighters of the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA)­­­_—_signatory of last year’s peace agreement—at Tabankort, rather than against “terrorists.”

    Another growing concern has been that MINUSMA may become a “two-tiered” mission. On one side would be well-trained and -equipped NATO troops—a Netherlands and Sweden contingent recently joined by Germany is reported to be building a military airbase in neighboring Niger, from where France and the US already operate drones, in support of its MINUSMA contributions. This side would be much less of a soft target than African contingents, which would continue to be the main victims of terrorist attacks.

    On October 8, an influential CMA leader, Cheikh Ag Aoussa, was killed when his vehicle exploded 1,000 feet from the MINUSMA camp, where he had been attending a regular security meeting with UN and French troops. This not only risked increasing tensions between armed groups further but also raised CMA suspicions that the explosive charge may have been attached to the vehicle inside the UN camp.

    Ag Aoussa, a figure of the 1990s Tuareg rebellion after returning from Libya, had been the second-in-command to Iyad Ag Ghali of Jihadist group Ansar Dine in 2012. Following the January 2013 French military intervention in Mali, he repositioned himself within one of the CMA group_s_, the same way that many former fighters with the Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa integrated into the Plateforme groups. Slow progress in the peace process has not helped to decrease the appeal of jihadist groups, which have in the past served as a sort of military insurance policy against government forces, and have also provided lucrative illegal trafficking opportunities.

    In this complex landscape, many experts agree that the best rampart against terrorism continues to be the implementation of the peace agreement and the return of a more legitimate state presence to northern Mali. Indeed, in June the Security Council decided that the “strategic priority of MINUSMA is to support the implementation…of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, in particular its provisions related to the gradual restoration and extension of State authority.” International Crisis Group experts Rinaldo Depagne and Jean-Hervé Jézéquelrecently called for the rapid return of this authority even to the central area of the country, before it too becomes a source of instability. Depagne and Jézéquel flagged that the Malian government’s response to terrorism has so far been a brutal and unfit overly militarized one.

    Although all parties to the peace agreement continue to participate in the _Comité de Suivi de l’Accord (CSA)—_the main follow-up mechanism, which met again last week—and some small positive steps have been recorded, such as the reopening of schools in Kidal this week, political will for enacting change seems to be lacking on all sides. Some in Bamako, despite the May 2014 humiliation of the Malian army by CMA fighters and affiliates, also continue to believe a military solution may be possible. The US ambassador to Mali recently asked the government to “stop all ties both public and private with GATIA,” further stating that “Mali needs to assume a greater responsibility for the peace deal’s implementation.”

    At long last, Boubacar Keïta announced in September that the Conférence d’entente nationale (“National Accord Conference”) envisaged in the peace agreement will be organized in December. But, given the tense political context in both northern Mali and Bamako—with a string of defections of parliamentarians from the presidential majority—this and other agreement measures could be postponed again. This would further weaken the agreement and bring Mali one step closer to descending into inter-community violence. The failure to resolve the conflict in a sustainable manner, to reform the state, and to address the grievances and frustrations of different communities will also continue to make Mali a breeding ground for terrorism.

    Originally Published in the Global Observatory


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Secretary-General
    Country: Mali

    SG/SM/18255-AFR/3482-PKO/608

    The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:

    The Secretary-General condemns in the strongest terms the deadly complex attack that occurred today north of Douentza, in the Mopti region, claiming the life of two Malian civilians and killing one peacekeeper from Togo while injuring seven others.

    The Secretary-General extends his deepest condolences to the families of the victims and the Governments and people of Mali and Togo. He wishes a speedy and full recovery to the wounded peacekeepers.

    The Secretary-General reiterates that attacks targeting United Nations peacekeepers may constitute war crimes under international law and calls for the perpetrators of this attack to be brought to justice. He reaffirms that attacks against Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) will not weaken the determination of the Mission to fully implement its mandate in support of the efforts of the Malian Government, the parties to the peace agreement and the people of Mali to achieve lasting peace and stability.

    The Secretary-General underscores that the primary responsibility for peace and security lies with the Malian parties. He urges them to continue to work to fully implement the provisions of the peace agreement and to do all they can to prevent such attacks against Malian civilians, signatory parties and international forces.

    For information media. Not an official record.


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    Source: Government of Chad, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Sudan


    0 0

    Source: International Organization for Migration, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster
    Country: Chad, Nigeria


    0 0

    Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
    Country: South Sudan


    0 0

    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    Last month alone, more than 2,000 men, women and children from northern Mali have sought refuge in Mauritania from ongoing banditry and interethnic violence.

    Helena Pes | 7 November 2016

    MBERA CAMP, Mauritania - Tuareg mother Fatimata and her cattle herder family hid out in the desert of northern Mali after violence between armed groups erupted four years ago, waiting for the situation to improve.

    But despite a UN-brokered Peace and Reconciliation Agreement in June last year, which sought to end years of uprisings in the remote region, she is among a growing number of people fleeing what they say are worsening tensions there.

    “After the peace deal, we thought that the situation was going to improve but we see it is only getting worse. There is nowhere to be safe in Mali,” she said.

    In October alone, more than 2,000 people like Fatimata have crossed the border to seek refuge in and around Mbera camp in southeast Mauritania. The influx is the largest since 2013. More are expected to follow as movements are reported at the border town of Fassala.

    The mother and her eight month-old baby are living in a makeshift camp around an overcrowded transit centre at Mbera as they wait with hundreds of others to be registered by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency.

    Fatimata hopes that she will be joined soon by her cattle-herder husband, who was hampered from leaving Mali by persistent insecurity, characterized by frequent armed clashes, militant attacks and banditry.

    “He cannot reach the nearest town to sell his cows because armed people will seize them. They use force to get what they want. Inshallah - God willing - my husband will join me here in Mbera with the herds soon,” she said.

    More than 135,000 Malians who had run from the conflict in their country continue live in exile, mainly in Burkina Faso, Niger, and Mauritania, where Mbera camp continues to be home to more than 42,000 men, women and children.

    Frequent security incidents in northern and central Mali also continue to trigger sporadic forced displacement in the region, both internally in Mali and into the other neighbouring countries. As such, the Malian conflict has led to a protracted displacement situation, calling for a continued humanitarian response.

    The families arriving at the camp are of different ethnic backgrounds and mainly come from the region of Timbuktu and Gundam.

    Moona, a Fula woman, said she and her family fled their village near Mopti following recent clashes with the Bambaras, another of the region’s ethnic groups, and she feels tensions have worsened in recent months.

    “We came because of fear … Our community is being targeted,” she says, noting that her nephew was shot dead in an ambush.

    The family reached Mbera camp in September and received emergency shelter from UNHCR. New arrivals like Moona are given aid including food, shelter and basic items.

    A few cases of malnutrition as well as cases in need of medical attention, including pregnant women and vulnerable children, were identified and referred for treatment to health facilities.

    Given continuing, and possibly worsening, insecurity, large-scale returns to Mali from Mauritania seem unlikely. UNHCR’s representative in Mauritania, Mohamed Alwash, expressed concern that the fresh displacement in northern Mali would further strain resources for the operations.

    “Considering the unstable situation in northern and central Mali … and recent waves of arrivals to the camp, there is an urgent need to respond to refugees needs, especially through shelter, food and sanitation facilities,” Alwash says.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, le 6 novembre 2016 - Ce matin, vers 10h30, un convoi logistique de la MINUSMA a été la cible d'une attaque complexe à 45km au nord de Douentza, dans la région de Mopti. Un engin explosif improvisé ou une mine a explosé au passage du convoi suivi de tirs directs par les assaillants.

    Un Casque bleu togolais et deux civils maliens ont péri lors de l'attaque. Le Casque bleu a succombé à ses blessures. La Gendarmerie malienne ouvrira une enquête sur les circonstances de la présence des deux civils Maliens, qui suivaient le convoi de la MINUSMA quand l'attaque a eu lieu. Sept casques bleus togolais ont été blessés, dont 3 grièvement.

    La MINUSMA présente ses condoléances attristées aux gouvernements malien et togolais et à leurs familles et souhaite un prompt rétablissement aux blessés.

    La MINUSMA condamne dans les termes les plus fermes cette attaque lâche et ignoble et appelle à déployer tous les efforts nécessaires pour en identifier les responsables et les traduire en justice.

    La MINUSMA réitère sa détermination à continuer son appui au Mali et son peuple conformément à son mandat.


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