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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Nigeria

    Highlights

    • IOM conducted a Return Intention Survey targeting internally displaced persons (IDPs) living in 18 camps and 27 host communi es in Maiduguri, where 98.5% of displaced persons indicated their intention to return to their place of origin.
    • IOM has completed the construction of 500 emergency shelters in Benisheik (Borno State), to reduce IDPs’ exposure to the environment and contribute to their increased security and dignity. A second phase of construction of another 500 shelters has already started.
    • IOM has conducted Mental Health and Psychosocial Support (MHPSS) needs assessment in Pulka and Diwka, where two PSS mobile teams have been deployed. Addi onally, IOM continued providing psychosocial support and activities in Yola, Chibok and Maiduguri.

    Situation Overview

    Since the beginning of 2014, the North-East of Nigeria has witnessed an increase in violence created by the insurgency, causing a major humanitarian crisis. The intensification of attacks as well as the counter-insurgency activities have resulted in chronic and widespread insecurity and violations of human rights, exacerbating the plight of vulnerable civilians and triggering waves of forced displacement. There are seven million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Nigeria, including 1.9 million people displaced by the insurgency. Ninety-two per cent of the IDPs are hosted by low-income host communities, bringing already stretched services and resources under increased pressure. The armed conflict has directly affected four states in the North East: Borno, Adamawa, Yobe and Gombe, with Borno State being the most severely affected and the epicentre of military opera ons and displacement of civilians. While the current humanitarian response covers all four states, access to large territories in Borno State remains very limited. This, together with low funding, has constrained humanitarian actors in meeting the most urgent needs of the affected population.
    Over the last few months, the Nigerian security forces regained access to the main towns and many villages in 22 of the 27 Borno Local Government Areas (LGAs), revealing the previously unknown urgent humanitarian needs of more than 700,000 people.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Chad, Sudan

    Highlights

    • WFP is facing a critical gap in resources to ensure food and nutrition assistance to 300,000 Sudanese refugees living in fourteen camps in Eastern Chad from October until the end of the year. The most urgent gaps will be addressed, however at very reduced levels, thanks to a pledge by Switzerland and flexible support from USAID enabling their contribution to be used to cover most pressing needs. Continued basic assistance to this vulnerable group remains at risk due to underfunding. WFP urgently requires USD 5 million to provide further assistance to the Sudanese refugees.

    • Security incidents have multiplied in Chad’s Lake region close to the border with Niger in August and September. Access for humanitarian partners is particularly challenging in the Kaiga Kinjira area of the Lake region. WFP partnered with the Regional Delegation of Social Action to ensure the provision of food assistance.

    WFP Assistance

    PRRO 200713: Under the PRRO, WFP provides food assistance to 350,000 long-term refugees from Sudan and the Central African Republic (C.A.R), and to 80,000 returnees from C.A.R as well as food-insecure Chadian households, particularly in the Sahelian belt of Chad. The PRRO also includes nutrition interventions for the prevention and treatment of moderate acute malnutrition, and activities to enhance the capacity of food-insecure communities and households to meet their food needs, strengthen their resilience and reduce risks associated with disasters and shocks.

    Chad is a pilot country for the WFP-UNHCR self-reliance project. Vulnerability-based targeting was introduced in 2015 alongside livelihood activities as part of the strategy to empower refugees and build their capacities for self-sufficiency. In 2016, WFP lean season assistance targets 410,000 food insecure people in the Sahelian belt of Chad, where the combined effects of a poor agricultural season and the disruption of trade and pastoralism in the Lake Chad region have led to a deterioration of food security compared to the past three years. Children under two and pregnant and nursing mothers are also receiving specialised nutritional support to prevent the deterioration of their nutritional status.

    Regional EMOP 200777 (Lake Chad Crisis): The spillover effects from insecurity in northern Nigeria have caused a humanitarian crisis, island communities have fled their homes, fishing, livestock and agricultural livelihoods are disrupted and trade with neighbouring countries is impacted. WFP provides food and nutrition assistance to vulnerable people affected by this crisis. This includes 6,500 refugees and over 130,000 internally displaced persons. WFP’s portfolio combines cashbased and food-based transfers tailored to market conditions as well as prevention and treatment of moderate acute malnutrition.

    Jointly with FAO and UNICEF, WFP also intends to develop more durable solutions with livelihoods support for both displaced and host communities. Participative Seasonal Livelihoods Programming workshops were held to analyse the livelihoods needs of the vulnerable communities and will be complemented by community-level planning exercises (in October).

    Regional EMOP 200799 (C.A.R crisis): Under this operation, WFP Chad supports returnees in the Salamat region (southern Chad) who have fled the violence in C.A.R. Due to resourcing shortfalls WFP Chad prioritized assistance to 11,000 returnees and host communities are not assisted.

    DEV 200288: The limited funding available to WFP currently restricts the scope of the school meal programme to the Lake Chad region. Resources permitting, WFP plans to provide 128,000 primary school children with hot meals and take-home rations for girls in 600 schools of the Sahelian regions where food insecurity, global acute malnutrition, and chronic malnutrition prevail.

    SO 200785: UNHAS provides essential passenger services and light cargo transport to 100 humanitarian organizations. UNHAS serves 19 destinations across the country, with a fleet of 4 aircrafts. This service is essential to ensure the humanitarian community can reach areas where populations need assistance, in a country with vast distances and limited transport infrastructure, and where insecurity and heavy seasonal rains limit road transportation. On average, UNHAS transports 1,650 passengers and 8.9 mt of light cargo per month.

    Operational Updates

    PRRO 200713: WFP continues distributions for the lean season (June-September) in the Sahel as well as targeted preventive supplementary feeding to prevent the deterioration of the nutritional status of children under two, and pregnant women and nursing mothers.

    Under the lead of the nutrition cluster, partners conducted a Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transition (SMART) survey. The primary objective of this survey was to measure the extent and severity of under-nutrition among children aged 6-59 months throughout the country and of pregnant women and nursing mothers. Infant and Young Child Feeding/Nutrition & WASH practices and vaccination coverage were also evaluated. Preliminary results are expected in October.

    Trainings for the National Food Security Assessment planned for October have been completed under the leadership of the Government and with WFP support.

    EMOP 200777: WFP is providing cash-based food assistance to displaced people in settlement sites around Bol where markets are functioning well. In September, WFP continued the roll-out of SCOPE, the corporate digital platform used for the registration of people assisted. In collaboration with IOM, 34,000 internally displaced persons are already registered.

    School meals: Funding permitting, WFP will introduce cash-based assistance in some pilot schools aiming to replace the take home rations (oil and cereals) and support volunteer cooks (DEV 200288). In partnership with UNICEF and with the support of the Global Partnership for Education, the emergency school feeding programme in the Lake Chad region will be scaled up to reach 22,000 children in Fouli, Kaya, Mamdi and Wayi areas. An ongoing evaluation mission will determine the number of schools to assist (EMOP 200777).


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Niger

    Situation update

    • A total of 90 cases and 28 deaths (CFR: 31%) reported between 02 August and 05 October 2016 from Tchintabaraden in Tahoua region.

    • High risk of spread to neighboring countries given the prevailing security situation, population movement and limited public health infrastructure in the affected areas.

    Actions Undertaken

    • A multi-disciplinary team of experts comprised of MOH, MOL, WHO, & FAO* deployed in the field to support response operations.
    • Mobile laboratory of IP Dakar deployed n the field to support detection and confirmation of cases as well as monitoring of the effectiveness of interventions.
    • A mutli-sectoral response plan developed to support advocacy and mobilization of critical resources.

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, Action Contre la Faim France, UN Children's Fund
    Country: Nigeria

    Nutrition survey and screening results

    Despite the start of main season harvests, the Boko Haram conflict continues to limit accessibility, humanitarian assistance, liveihoods and markets in parts of Borno and Yobe States. Mass MUAC screenings from the last six months continue to indicate a nutrition emergency in recently accessible localities, including Bama, Banki, Monguno, Konduga, Gamboru and Ngala in Borno and Tarmuwa, Gujba and Gulani in Yobe. In these areas the proportion of childen screened indicating global acute malnutrition (GAM, MUAC<125mm) ranged from 20 to 50 percent. These GAM levels reflect an “Extreme Critical” situation according to the IPC for Acute Malnutrition and are associated with a significantly increased risk of child mortality. Conditions may be worse in areas that remain inaccessible.

    The situation remains Critical in the more accessible areas of Kaga, Konduga, Maiduguri Metropolitan Center (MMC), and Jere LGAs in Borno State, where GAM levels among children screened continue to range from 8 to 20 percent (GAM, MUAC<125mm). These areas continue to show Critical trends despite relatively open access to and assistance from humanitarian actors. Additionally, specific sites within these LGAs are showing an Extreme Critical proportion of children screened as acutely malnourished (MUAC<125mm). Data from UNICEF’s polio vaccination campaign screening of over 350,000 children indicated that 10 of the 36 wards had Extreme Critical GAM levels between 18 and 25 percent, while MSF screenings in Customs House IDP Camp, Bolori, and Maimsumari indicate more severe GAM levels, each surpassing 35 percent.

    Therapeutic feeding program in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa state

    Acutely malnourished children in some areas of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States have received nutritional and medical rehabilitation through outpatient therapeutic feeding programs in State health facilties. The map above shows monitored health facilities rendering CMAM services and reported admission density by LGA. Data available indicates that in August 2016 Jere, Monguno and MMC LGAs had between 1,000 and 2,000 reported new admissions for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), while LGAs in the northwestern fringes of Yobe state comprising Machina, Yusufari, Bursari and Bade recorded between 501 and 1,000 new admissions. The 7,000 total reported cases in August represent only a small fraction of the estimated 300,000 severe acute malnutrition (SAM) cases that UNICEF reports targeting in the three states. Although these admission numbers show an improving trend as improved accessibility and security allows for better service delivery, many facilities remain at limited functionality with inadequate numbers of health workers and irregular medical supply chains. Borno State’s Health Sector reports that over half of the 632 assessed health facilities are damaged, looted or closed while eight LGAs have three health partners or less serving the population (Abadam, Mobbar and Marte have zero). In Adamawa State, data is available from IRC which is providing CMAM services through community health workers and facility staff in three LGAs (Maihi, Mubi South and Hong).

    Acutely malnourished children in UNICEF monitored IDP camps

    Mass MUAC screenings are conducted on a weekly basis in IDP camp health centers supported by UNICEF. From August to September 2016 these screenings continued to reveal a very high percentage of malnourished children in a majority of the camps, including a significant number of cases of severe acute malnutrition. Children with severe acute malnutrition are at a significantly increased risk of death. MUAC screening-based GAM levels continue to surpass 15 percent in 15 of the 23 camps reporting new data. In 14 of the camps, GAM levels had increased in the current period (August 8th to September 30th) in comparison to the previous two-month period from June 6th to August 7th. While health screening data is also not statistically representative, it provides further evidence of extremely poor nutrition outcomes in northeast Nigeria.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
    Country: South Sudan


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    Food Security Outlook

    The food security and nutrition situation in South Sudan is likely to worsen between July and August/ September before the new harvest comes in. A number factors are attributed to this deterioration: continuing economic crisis currently compounded by spiral price increases; the household stocks that are dwindling; continued population displacements resulting from renewed localized conflict; insecurity that hampers trade flows, disrupting usual livelihood activities, impeding investments and therefore revenue generation; The affected households continue asset stripping and using negative coping mechanisms, delaying recovery of the already vulnerable livelihoods. The continued loss of value of the Sudanese pound against the dollar and the lack of the oil revenue will continue affecting ability of traders to move commodities into the market. In addition, poverty and food insecurity will continue to grow in urban areas and will be further worsened off by insecurity, economic meltdown and disruption of livelihoods putting pressure on an upward spiral of needs in the country.

    BULLETIN # 18

    This bulletin present results of the FSNMS Round 18. The data for this round was collected from 3,942 households in June 2016. The bulletin is an input to the IPC August 2016 analysis. This report focuses on the changes

    SUMMARY IN NUMBERS

    21 percent increase in food insecurity compared to June 2016.

    17.9 percent global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevails in children, an increase of 5 percent from November/ December 2015.

    75 percent in Unity, 65 percent in Jonglei and 28 percent in Upper Nile states received food assistance.

    50 percent of households who planted crops in 2015 had exhausted their stocks.

    MAIN FINDINGS

    Overall food security is at its worst since the outbreak of the conflict in 2013, the severely food insecure has more than doubled compared to June 2015. Food insecurity is at critical levels in Northern Bahr el Ghazal (NBS), Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal (WBS), Upper Nile, and Lakes Region.

    Malnutrition rates measured through GAM has increased to above emergency thresholds in all states, except Central Equatoria and Lakes states. GAM in WBS, Warrap, Unity were above 20 percent with Northern Bahr el Ghazal former state hitting a catastrophic level.


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    Source: World Health Organization, Government of Nigeria
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    In Numbers

    • 1.67 million internally displaced people (OCHA est.)
    • 1,058,616 South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR est.)
    • 202,019 people seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS est.)
    • 4.8 million people in emergency or crisis level food insecurity (IPC, May - July 2016)

    Highlights

    • In September, WFP provided assistance to 1.9 million people in South Sudan.
    • A WFP led convoy delivered assistance to 9,500 people in Lainya country.
    • An 8th WFP aircraft arrived in Juba, increasing daily delivery capacity to 480mt.

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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food Security Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania, Niger


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania, Niger


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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo

    Key Points

    • Normal to above normal harvest and pasture production expected for the 2016/2017 cropping season.
    • Spread of the Rift Valley fever in the region of Tahoua in Niger.
    • The food security situation is overall satisfactory except in conflict zones such as in the Lake Chad Basin and the northern Mali.

    Seasonal cumulative rainfalls have been normal to above normal everywhere except in places along the coastline in Côte d’Ivoire, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, and Togo where light deficits were observed.
    The expectations of agro-pastoral production in the region are overall satisfactory. However, the floods and the high levels of water could threaten these projections of good harvest.
    In West Africa, prices should not observe high increases, given the good expectations of production.
    The food security situation in the region is overall satisfactory and was strengthened by early harvests which started in August in coastal countries and in September in the Sahel. However, conflicts in the Lake Chad Basin and northern Mali will represent the main threat to the food security in the region.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Highlights

    • During the lean season, assistance was provided to 250,000 people, including children 6-59 months, pregnant women and nursing mothers.

    • Due to lack of funds school children will receive reduced rations for the upcoming school year starting in October. If immediate funding is not secured the gains that have been made could be jeopardized.

    • The launch of the E-Voucher system/SCOPE database is proving to be an effective and well appreciated mechanism which ensures transparency and quality of data analysis and distributions.

    Operational Update

    Integrated resilience programme:

    • The national strategy for local purchases (in the framework of the PAA – Purchase for Africa from Africans) was validated by the Government of Niger. This is a big step for WFP as it provides sustainable market opportunities to smallholder farmers and strengthens South-South cooperation with Brazil.

    • Data collection and analysis for the second joint WFP/Allianz NGO Post Distribution Monitoring assessment took place in September. Results will be available in midOctober.

    • The SMART nutrition survey is currently being finalized and results are expected for the month of October.

    Humanitarian assistance:

    • WFP continues to assist 58,900 Malian refugees through unconditional assistance (food and cash voucher) in Tabarebarey, Abala and Mangaize camps and Intikane and Tazalit hosting sites.

    • In August, WFP and UNHCR successfully launched an evoucher distribution in Mangaizé refugee camp. The first phase benefited 9,000 people but the e-voucher project is expected to scale up 66,300 people living in other camps before the end of the year. In 2017, WFP plans to register the different groups of people it assists into the SCOPE platform.

    • A joint workshop with WFP, UNHCR, the Ministry of Health and the cooperating partners took place between 14 and 22 September to assess the critical nutrition situation in the Malian refugee camps and elaborate an action plan.

    • WFP and partners continue to respond to populations in the Diffa region affected by the evolving insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin.

    - Air support:

    UNHAS continues to provide air transport services to the humanitarian community in all five regions of Niger. In September, UNHAS transported 1,261 passengers and 2,057 kg of cargo.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Senegal

    Highlights

    • WFP and representatives from the Government participated in the 2016 Global Child Nutrition Forum in Armenia, which was hosted by the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger. The forum focused on building powerful and durable national school meal programmes.

    • WFP organized a high-level workshop to present the achievements and challenges after the implementation of the first phase of the R4 Initiative.
      It was attended by over 100 participants including high-level government officials, donors, UN agencies and representatives of the people benefiting from WFP assistance.

    Operational Updates

    - Nutrition:In support of the 2016 response plan, WFP assisted 30,810 children aged 6-23 months in September under the blanket feeding activities in Podor, Linguère and in Matam region, where the Global Acute Malnutrition rate exceeds 15 percent.

    • 4,500 poor food insecure households with children aged 6-23 months received CBT in the form of vouchers, amounting to USD 350,340.

    - School meals:WFP has initiated jointly with the Government, FAO, UNFPA and UNICEF a pilot project which aims to create synergies of intervention to provide an integrated package for school meals within the Home Grown School Feeding context.

    • WFP is undertaking the evaluation of the PAA (Purchase from Africans for Africa) programme in Kédougou region. It is commissioned by PAA Africa coordination units, both from WFP and FAO, and will cover the period from September 2013 to July 2016.

    • Resilience and Rural Development: The second distribution of vouchers took place in Tambacounda, reaching 7,479 participants, with a transfer value of USD 59,627.

    - Logistics:About 154 mt were dispatched from Dakar Port to Extended Delivery Points (EDPs), 45 mt were transferred between EDPs and 155 mt from EDPs to Cooperating Partners.

    - Monitoring and evaluation:A baseline data collection for the blanket supplementary feeding programme activity funded by the French Government was conducted in Linguère department in September.

    • The second roll-out phase of COMET was held during a 4-day workshop in Somone, Senegal.

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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Gambia

    Highlights

    • The pilot cash transfers for the school meals programme started in September 2016 in 24 schools.

    • A Lead Convenor for the national strategic review which will inform the Country Strategic Plan (2018-2022) has been identified and endorsed by the Government.

    Operational Updates

    • Cash transfers pilot has commenced in 24 schools as scheduled. The community and caterer managed models are being implemented. Within the caterer managed model, cash is provided to the food caterer (outside the school structure) who is responsible for preparing the meals, while cash is directly transferred to the school food management committee in the framework of the community managed model. The pilot is implemented jointly with the Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education.
      School meals activities resumed in September for the new academic year.

    • A total of 58,724 people were assisted by WFP in the month of September.

    • Preparations are ongoing for the visit of Princess Haya of Qatar in the third week of October. The Princess is scheduled to visit WFP-supported schools.

    • A Lead Convenor for the National Zero Hunger Strategic Review (which will inform the Country Strategic Plan 2018-2022) has been identified and the selection is at an advanced stage at HQ following the endorsement of the Government.

    • A mid-year review of the DEV 200327 project was conducted with partners from the Ministry of Basic and Secondary Education.


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    Source: African Humanitarian Agency / Agence Africaine Humanitaire
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    1. Résumé

    Le Département du Logone et Chari situé à la frontière avec le Tchad et le Nigéria est l’un des départements affectés par la crise humanitaire que connait la partie septentrionale du pays du fait des exactions du groupe terroriste Boko Haram et d’autres aléas naturels propres à la zone.
    Après plusieurs missions réalisées dans les autres départements de la Région touchés par la crise (Mayo Sava, Mayo Tsanaga) et plusieurs interpellations des partenaires à mener les activités dans ce département, AHA a finalement décidé, après sa dernière mission réalisé fin janvier début février 2016 dans le Mayo Sava et le Mayo Tsanaga, de réaliser une autre mission d’évaluation rapide en Avril 2016 dans le département du Logone et Chari. L’évaluation du mois d’avril a permis de constater que les différents domaines retenus présentent encore de nombreux besoins et autres facteurs de fragilité. Quoique quelques acteurs comme MSF, le CICR, IEDA et le PAM soient déjà en train d’apporter leur assistante aux populations affectées, les besoins non couverts représentent encore une très grande proportion. AHA a ainsi décidé de se joindre à ces acteurs afin d’apporter sa contribution dans les domaines d’intervention relevant de ses missions. C’est dans ce cadre que cette mission a été organiser du 27 aout au 17 septembre 2016 pour lancer les activités sanitaires de l’ONG dans le District de Santé de Kousseri et d’identifier d’autres besoins non couverts en santé, nutrition, sécurité alimentaire et WASH afin de susciter plus d’attention sur les besoins des populations vulnérables coincées dans cette crise qui s’inscrit désormais dans la durée.

    2. Introduction

    Depuis le début de l’année 2013, le Nord Est du Nigéria a été victime d’une augmentation de la violence et des attaques commises par le groupe islamiste Boko Haram (BH), ce qui est à l’origine des déplacements des populations dans le pays avec un effet de contagion sur les pays voisins dont le Niger, le Tchad et le Cameroun. La région de l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun, frontalière du Nigéria et du Tchad, est devenue une terre d’accueil pour nombre de ces populations fuyant les attaques de Boko Haram et compte désormais plus de 181 000 personnes déplacées internes, plus de 32 000 retournés, et plus de 78 000 réfugiés Nigérians. Cette situation vient s’ajouter à des niveaux de pauvreté et de sous-développement particulièrement élevés dans cette région.

    Le problème de l’insécurité, couplé à d’autres aléas naturels propres à la Région, (rareté ou précocité des pluies ; invasions acridiennes ; réduction des superficies emblavées, inondations…), ont rendu plus difficiles les conditions de vie des populations dans cette Région du pays.

    En ajoutant à cela, le bas niveau d’instruction des populations et les mauvaises pratiques de l’hygiène alimentaire, on aboutit à des conséquences nutritionnelles et sanitaires suffisamment inquiétantes.

    La Région de l’Extrême-Nord enregistre le plus fort taux de pauvreté sur le plan national (13,6%) en raison d’une croissance démographique de l’ordre de 2,7%, le nombre de pauvres connait une croissance importante dans cette Région du pays aux moyens de subsistance suffisamment limités. Selon l’enquête nutritionnelle SMART d’octobre 2015, la prévalence de la malnutrition aigüe globale (MAG) chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans est de 13.9% dont le taux de la malnutrition aigüe sévère (MAS) de 2.2%, supérieur au seuil d’urgence selon l’OMS.
    Le département du Logone et Chari qui partage une large bande frontalière avec le Nigéria et le Tchad constitue l’un des départements qui subissent les effets de la crise provoquée par les exactions de la secte Islamiste Boko Haram dans le Nord Est du Nigéria et les pays voisins. Ce département qui est resté longtemps en proie aux problèmes tels que les inondations, l’enclavement, la sècheresse, est aujourd’hui au bord de l’isolement du fait de l’insécurité, grandissante provoquée sur les axes principaux qui le lie au reste du pays.

    AHA qui a lancé sa réponse à cette crise dans la Région de l’Extrême-nord depuis le mois de juin 2015, entend renforcer et étendre ses interventions dans cette région afin de toucher plus de bénéficiaires.

    A cet effet, suite à sa précédente mission réalisée du 27 mars 2016 au 10 avril 2016 dans le département, AHA a décidé de lancer ses interventions sanitaires dans quatre districts sanitaires du Logone et Chari à savoir le DS de Kousseri, le DS de Makary, le DS de Mada et le DS de Goulfey en commençant par le DS de Kousseri.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    Sécurité

    La situation sécuritaire est relativement calme dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord. Toutefois, elle a été marquée par deux tentatives d’incursion de Boko Haram en territoire camerounais dans le département du Mayo Sava, à Magdemé et à Kerawa. Les membres des comités de vigilance ont riposté à ces attaques avec des armes de fabrication artisanale en attendant que la force mixte multinationale n’intervienne pour les repousser. Un combattant BH a été tué.

    Après qu’une information selon laquelle un médecin du HCR aurait été enlevé par des groupes armés centrafricains et serait en captivité en RCA ait été relayée par les médias au courant de la semaine en revue, le HCR a procédé à la revue de la situation de son personnel et de celui de ses partenaires intervenant dans les Régions de l’Est, de l’Adamaoua et du Nord. Il se trouve non seulement qu’aucun employé du HCR ou de ses partenaires n’a été enlevé, mais aussi que le nom du médecin en question mentionné dans les médias n’existe pas et n’a jamais existé dans les effectifs du HCR. La Représentation du HCR a émis et remis un démenti officiel aux médias nationaux.

    Développements majeurs

    Le nouvel Ambassadeur de France au Cameroun, S.E Monsieur Gilles THIBAULT s’est rendu le 13 octobre dans le camp des réfugiés de Minawao à l’occasion de sa visite dans la Région de l’Extrême Nord. Il a visité quelques infrastructures du camp dont un centre de santé d’IMC et l’entrepôt des vivres, et a apprécié les efforts déployés par le HCR et ses différents partenaires dans l’assistance fournie à la communauté réfugiée. Il a également échangé avec les leaders communautaires et a salué l’aide internationale octroyée par les partenaires au développement, tout en relevant la qualité de la coopération existante entre les acteurs humanitaires, le gouvernement et les donateurs.

    Dans le cadre de sa stratégie sociale en direction des populations, et à l’occasion d’une première collaboration avec le HCR, l’entreprise italienne Ferrero s’est rendue à Gado où elle procède à l’assemblage de modules préfabriqués venus d’Italie, en vue de la construction de quatre salles de classe. Les salles de classe seront inaugurées lors d’une cérémonie officielle qui se tiendra la semaine du 24 octobre.

    Le Représentant du HCR a participé au sixième forum des partenaires de la RCA tenu le 12 octobre à Yaoundé. Parmi les points soulevés à l’attention des autorités centrafricaines par le Représentant, figure la nécessité pour les autorités de Bangui de porter une attention particulière aux questions de sécurité qui demeurent la préoccupation prioritaire des réfugiés pour leur retour volontaire dans la sécurité et la dignité.

    Une mission du Bureau pour la Population, les Réfugiés et les Migrations (BPRM) composée des chargés des affaires humanitaires de Washington et des ambassades américaines au Tchad et au Cameroun a séjourné à Meiganga au cours de la semaine sous rubrique.Elle a visité les installations et les formations sanitaires à Borgop, Ngam, Gado, Ngaoui, Djohong et Garga Pella où elle a apprécié les interventions des partenaires humanitaires, tout en évaluant le plateau technique et le niveau de prise en charge des patients. La mission a également rencontré les autorités administratives, les responsables des structures sanitaires et les réfugiés qui, tout en remerciant la mission pour ses contributions financières à l’amélioration des conditions de vie des réfugiés, lui ont également fait part des contraintes et défis auxquels ils font face.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Italy, Mali, Spain, World

    In this issue

    More than 18 000 people affected by floods p.1 Average rate of malnutrition to 30% since 2010 p.2 Back to school and risk of suspension of school meals p.3 Awareness of the risks of mines p.3 Irregular migration to Mali p.4 Level of funding of the humanitarian response plan p.6

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Assistance to flood victims and flood forecasts

    • School meals at risk of suspension due to lack of funding

    • Risks from mines and explosive remnants of war following the recent fighting in Kidal

    • Three million people at risk of food insecurity in 2017

    • Mali, a transit area for migrants on their way to Europe

    • Humanitarian needs remain significant in 2017

    Assistance to victims and flood forecasts in Mali

    Flood risks remain high until December 2016 for populations living along the Niger River due to the rising water level. The OPIDIN (a tool that forecasts floods in the Inner Niger Delta) indicates that this year the Niger River will experience its highest water level in fifty years. These forecasts indicate that water levels in Mopti will increase by approximately 25cm in October 2016 and will reach its peak between late October and early November in Mopti, late November in Akka (Mopti) and mid-December in Diré (Timbuktu). Livestock that usually crosses the river in Diafarabé in November in search of pasture may not be able to do so this year since the floodplains will still be covered with water next month.
    Since July 2016, nearly 30 people have died as a result of floods across the country.
    More than 18,000 people have been affected and 2,400 houses destroyed. Nearly 200 hectares of farms have also been flooded by rainwater.


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