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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo, World

    Niger is a significant transit country for migration between West and Central and Northern Africa. There are several reasons for this such as for example, the strategic geographical position of Niger in relation to Libya. Libya is one of the main launching points for boats crossing the Mediterranean towards Europe. Many migrants go to Libya hoping to find a passage towards Italy and many of the migrant deaths that occur in the Mediterrean occur in boats that left Libya. There is also an effect of economic migration from Niger to southern Libya with well established circular economic migration between the two countries. It has been common for many years for Nigeriens to work for several years in either Libya or Algeria before going back to Niger.

    As such the map below reflects the nationalities recorded passing through the towns of Arlit and Séguédine in north Niger. The main nationalities recorded are Nigeriens (30%, over 70 000 individuals), Nigerians (19%, over 40 000 individuals), Gambians (12%, over 29 000 individuals) and Senegalese (10%, over 24 000 individuals). There are however migrants recorded from all countries in west Africa and many from central Africa.

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    A major humanitarian crisis is unfolding in Africa’s Lake Chad Basin, where violence and destruction have caused huge population displacements, left hundreds of thousands of children trapped behind conflict lines and led to a dramatic increase in malnutrition.

    Local communities are doing what they can to help those in need, offering shelter to many of the 2.6 million people forced to flee their homes – 1.4 million1 of them children – but they themselves rank among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable.

    As world leaders discuss the plight of refugees and migrants, they need to pay attention to this major displacement crisis and its profound impact on children. The international community needs to act urgently to scale up humanitarian assistance in the Lake Chad Basin, an area that comprises parts of Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad.

    Conflict, poverty and climate change

    A number of factors have led to the complex humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, which is home to 21 million people.


    A spiral of violence has uprooted communities in the region since 2013, when the conflict between government forces and armed groups started to escalate. Fear of abuse, sexual violence, forced recruitment or death have forced children to leave their towns and villages, often with as little as the clothes on their back.

    Many of the children caught in the conflict have been subjected to unimaginable violence and abuse; they have lost their families, their homes and years of education. In northeast Nigeria alone, an estimated 20,000 children2 have been separated from their families.

    Since the start of the conflict, thousands of children – boys and girls – have been forcibly recruited by armed groups and used to carry out attacks. Since 2014, 86 children3 have been used in ‘suicide’ attacks in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger.


    Communities in the Lake Chad Basin are among the poorest in the world, and the conflict has exacerbated the situation. Against a backdrop of economic crisis fuelled by plummeting oil prices, insecurity has taken a heavy toll on farming and herding. Land is not cultivated and livestock is often stolen by Boko Haram or left behind. Around 3.8 million4 people are currently facing severe food insecurity across the area.

    Climate change

    Lake Chad, which was once the largest water reservoir in the Sahel, provided a livelihood for nearly 21 million people in four countries. The lake now covers less than one tenth of its original surface, with devastating consequences for local communities. In the words of President Mahamadou Issoufou of Niger at the opening of the Paris Climate Conference in 2015: “Lake Chad is dying.”

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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, International Organization for Migration, CCCM Cluster
    Country: South Sudan

    A total of 1,185 IDPs have relocated from the UNMISS base in Tongping to UN House since movements began on 28 July, currently relocations take place on Mondays, Wednesdays and Fridays. The number of IDPs relocating each week is rising, 474 IDPs have relocated in the last 7 days, compared to 381 during the previous 7 days. Cholera remains a key concern at both sites with 129 cumulative cases reported since the start of the outbreak, however case incidence is declining and there have been zero reported deaths.

    UNMISS Tongping


    • Camp Management conducted a headcount exercise at the site in Tongping on 18 August identifying that the resident population of IDPs is 3,022.

    • Camp Management has begun collecting information on movement tracking trends outside of the west gate to determine the intentions and final destinations of IDPs leaving the PoC permanently.

    • An information desk has recently been set up at the Rwanbatt gate to provide IDPs with information on relocation, service provision in UN House and for feedback.


    • No further shelter construction or site work will be undertaken in Tongping. UNMISS has requested that humanitarian actors focus shelter work at the UN House site.


    • IOM delivered 454,500 liters of safe drinking water at a rate of 21.4L per person per day, with one tap for every 72 people at the site.

    • There is one latrine for every 37 people with 14 hand washing facilities installed and functional and one bathing shelter for every 151 people.

    • Camp Management continues to conduct hygiene promotion messaging including school and market sessions, reaching 941 households (6,801 people) within the UNMISS base and in the Tongping area.
    Health • 843 consultations were held at the IOM temporary clinic over the last 7 days.

    • Top morbidities at the site were: malaria (306 cases) and acute respiratory infection (144 cases).

    • There have been 50 confirmed cases of cholera since the outbreak was declared, with 15 confirmed cases in the last 7 days.


    • Community Nutrition Volunteers (CNVs) are conducting screenings of children under 5, any identified cases of malnutrition are treated at the Outpatient Therapeutic Programme/Targeted Supplementary Feeding Programme (OTP/TSFP) clinic.


    • To address child protection issues Child Rehabilitation Organization (CRO) conducts meetings with community leaders and UNPOL and provides psychosocial first aid training to community members.

    • UNHCR provides support to people with specific needs who are relocating as well as ensuring follow-up at UN House.

    UNMISS UN House


    • According to the headcount conducted on 13 August there are 37,247 IDPs residing within PoC 1 and PoC 2, UN House. The World Food Programme continues to conduct registration of IDPs.


    • Shelter partners and camp management are identifying suitable shelter space which will be sufficient to accommodate new arrivals.


    • Construction of new infrastructure is ongoing to ensure that facilities are adequate as IDPs continue to arrive.

    • 24 latrines and 10 bathing shelters have been completed in Zone E, Block E.

    • One more water point is under construction in Zone E.


    • A total of 79 cases of cholera have been treated at the site since the start of the outbreak, over the last 7 days there has been 4 new confirmed cases with zero deaths.


    • General Food Distribution (GFD) registration has been completed in PoC 1, and continues in PoC 3. The GFD date is to be confirmed in the coming days.

    • Nutrition partners continue to screen children and a blanket supplementary feeding programme (BSFP) is planned as part of GFD.

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    Source: Oxfam
    Country: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam

    Background, evaluation objectives and methodology

    ‘My Rights, My Voice’ (MRMV) is a multi-country programme implemented by Oxfam GB, Oxfam Novib, Oxfam Quebec and their partners with the aim of engaging marginalised children and youth in their rights to health and education services. The programme has been implemented in eight countries: Afghanistan, Georgia, Mali, Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Tanzania and Vietnam. The programme started in 2012 and was initially planned to end after three years; it was, however, extended by 15 months in six of the eight initial countries1 and ended in March 2016, while some ‘global layer’ activities continued till August 2016. Sida funded the programme, including its extension phase, for a total budget of US$14,251,587, including a 10% contribution from Oxfam.

    The overall goal of MRMV was to achieve sustainable changes in policies, practices and beliefs to meet the specific health and education needs and aspirations of children and youth, with a particular focus on the rights of girls and young women, and to contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Central to this overall goal were four key programme outcomes that were dependent upon one another and included in all country programmes. They are related to: (1) increasing young people’s awareness of – and strengthening their voice in relation to – their health and education rights, needs and aspirations; (2) strengthening young people’s and their allies’ individual and collective skills, knowledge, confidence and resources to both organise and claim their rights in decision-making spaces; (3) ensuring that duty-bearers and those with influence engage directly with marginalised young people to improve access to and the quality of health and education; and (4) strengthening the capacity of Oxfam, partners and others to work on youth agency in country programmes, and the facilitation by Oxfam’s global campaigning force of youth claiming and accessing better health and education. To support these objectives, the programme also had a global-level component to drive and support learning and innovation, to communicate good practice, and to influence and partner with global actors to deliver better outcomes.

    The main aim of this evaluation was to systematically analyse the actual outcomes of the programme and its underlying working mechanisms against the proposed outcomes and MRMV’s Theory of Change. An extensive analysis of the programme documents, interviews with key resource persons dealing with the global-level component of the programme, and field research in four countries have been the main components of the evaluation approach. For various reasons beyond the influence of the evaluation team and the client, the core evaluation team was only able to visit two countries (Vietnam and Mali). In two other countries (Pakistan and Afghanistan), a senior national evaluator conducted the fieldwork, with coaching from a distance by the core evaluation team. In line with the approach and philosophy of the programme, youth familiar with the programme were included in the field research as peer evaluators in three countries.

    Several constraints challenged the smooth implementation of the evaluation process and the validity of its findings. These included: the low level of immersion of the core evaluation team in the complex realities of the country programmes; the shortage (in implementation reports) of outcome-related information; the complexity of the programme, with important changes occurring during implementation, which proved difficult to address comprehensively within the time and resources available for the evaluation; and severe restrictions to information-gathering activities in Afghanistan and (partially) in Vietnam.

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    Source: International Organization for Migration, CCCM Cluster, Shelter Cluster
    Country: Chad, Nigeria

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    Source: Government of Burkina Faso
    Country: Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire

    I- Contexte et justifications

    En mars 2016, un conflit intercommunautaire a eu lieu à Bouna en République de Côte d’Ivoire. Outre les pertes matérielles et en vies humaines considérables, ledit conflit a occasionné l’afflux massif dans la province du Noumbiel, de nombreux compatriotes éleveurs victimes de diverses exactions commises par les communautés autochtones dans différentes zones de tensions. Aussitôt, une chaîne de solidarité a été mise en place et a permis à plusieurs partenaires d’apporter une assistance humanitaires aux déplacés.
    A la faveur du retour au calme grâce aux efforts aux plans interne et bilatéral, le Conseil Provincial de Secours d’Urgence et de Réhabilitation (COPROSUR) du Noumbiel a enregistré plusieurs retour volontaires de déplacés à Bouna. Cependant, il reste encore au niveau des deux sites d’accueil que sont ceux de Batié et de Kpuéré un effectif non négligeable de sept cent-deux (702) déplacés repartis dans cent cinquante-cinq (155) ménages. Ceux-ci manifestent constamment le désir de s’établir définitivement dans la province.
    C’est dans le souci de concourir à un début de solutions à cette préoccupation que le COPROSUR-Noumbiel envisage entreprendre les démarches qui s’imposent en la matière.
    Aussi, la tenue d’une session du COPROSUR a-t-elle parue d’une impérieuse nécessité pour poser les balises d’une installation harmonieuses et pacifique des déplacés parmi les communautés hôtes.
    Cette session qui est prévue le jeudi 25 août 2016 permettra de concevoir et de planifier le présent projet dans un cadre intégré et inclusif, gage de sa réussite.

    II- Objectif global

    L’objectif principal recherché à travers la tenue de la présente session est de définir une stratégie inclusive et intégrée de réinstallation des déplacés dans un souci de maintien de la paix et de la cohésion sociales.

    III- Objectifs spécifiques

    La session vise les objectifs spécifiques ci-après :

    • faire la situation exacte des déplacés sur les différents sites d’accueil ;

    • définir les conditions d’installation définitive des déplacés dans la province ;

    • faire un plaidoyer auprès des maires pour l’acquisition des espaces de vie destinés à accueillir les déplacés ;

    • formuler des propositions dans le sens de l’accompagnement des déplacés à renouer avec le cours normal de la vie ;

    • préparer les communautés locales à une cohabitation pacifique avec les déplacés.

    IV- Résultats attendus

    • Evaluer les besoins réel en installation de 702 déplacés ;

    • Organiser trois (03) rencontres d’informations et de sensibilisation des populations locales sur leur devoir d’assistance aux populations déplacées ;

    • Formuler à l’endroit des maires des recommandations pour l’acquisition de terres en vue de l’installation définitive des déplacés ;

    • Soumettre les conclusions de la présente session sur la réinstallation des déplacés aux autorités compétentes à travers un rapport détaillé ;

    • Dégager des perspectives pour une insertion réussie des déplacés au sein des communautés d’accueil ;

    V- Résultats atteints

    • les besoins réel en installation de 702 déplacés sont évalués ;

    • trois rencontres d’information et de sensibilisation des populations locales sur leurs devoirs d’assistance aux populations déplacées sont organisées ;

    • des recommandations sont formulées à l’endroit des maires pour l’acquisition de terres en vue de l’installation définitive des déplacés ;

    • des perspectives pour une insertion réussie des déplacés au sein des communautés d’accueil sont dégagées ;

    • les conclusions de la présente session sur la réinstallation des déplacés sont soumises aux autorités compétentes.

    VI- Modalités de conduite de la session

    La session se déroulera en plénière sous la présidence effective de Monsieur le Haut-commissaire assisté du Secrétaire Général de la province du Noumbiel. Elle s’articulera autour de trois communications essentiellement des structures ci- après :

    • la direction provinciale de la femme, de la solidarité nationale et de la famille ;

    • la direction provinciale de l’agriculture et de l’hydraulique ;

    • la direction provinciale de l’élevage et des ressources animales.
      Ces communications seront suivies d’interventions diverses de la part des autres membres du COPROSUR. A l’issue de la session un rapport détaillé sera rédigé à l’attention du Conseil Régional de Secours d’Urgence et de Réhabilitation (CORESUR).

    VII- Personne responsable

    La présente session est placée sous la responsabilité du Haut-commissaire qui s’emploiera à mettre les mesures en œuvre pour son déroulement harmonieux.

    VIII- Date, heure et lieu

    La session du COPROSUR sur la réinstallation définitive des déplacés est prévue le jeudi 25 août 2016 à 9 heures dans la salle de réunion du haut-commissariat de Batié..

    IX- Partenaire

    Pour la tenue effective de cette session le COPROSUR-Noumbiel bénéficie d’un appui technique et financier du Secrétariat Permanent du Conseil National de Secours d’Urgence et de Réhabilitation (SP/CONASUR).

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan, Sudan


    • The State Ministry of Health (SMoH) has reported high rates of malnutrition in West Darfur over the past few months.

    • Over 200,000 people have been affected by heavy rain and flooding since early June, according to HAC.

    • On 20 August, the first group of 105 South Sudanese refugees was relocated from Khor Omer to Kario camp in East Darfur.

    • On 17 August, the UN held a press conference in Khartoum to mark World Humanitarian Day.

    Spike in severe acute malnutrition admissions in West Darfur

    The State Ministry of Health (SMoH) has reported high rates of malnutrition in West Darfur over the past few months. According to SMoH, between January and July 2016, the total number of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) cases reported in nutrition centres in West Darfur was 5,525 compared to 4,167 reported within the same period in 2015. The number of admissions in June and July is almost 50 per cent higher than same period last year.

    Reported SAM cases in West Darfur in 2015 and 2016

    SMoH experts, however, indicate that malnutrition rates in West Darfur are likely to be higher than these figures given the fact that the reported cases do not represent the overall picture, mainly due to a lack of nutrition centres in some areas. There are fewer nutrition centres in West Darfur in 2016 compared to in 2015, as some partners have phased out or closed nutrition centres due to funding constraints. Some of the eight localities in West Darfur do not have any nutrition centres.

    Nutrition experts indicate that it is still unclear what is causing the high rates of malnutrition since no comprehensive assessment has been completed. There are plans to conduct a multi-sectorial assessment after a Mass Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) screening campaign to establish the factors contributing to the high malnutrition rates.

    According to nutrition experts, malnutrition rates usually increase on average by 30 per cent in many parts of Sudan during the lean and rainy season (June-September) mainly due to increase in diarrhoeal diseases, malaria, limited food stock and poor infant and young child feeding practices, as mothers are busy working in the fields. However, for this year, the rates are exceptionally high compared to previous years, according to partners.

    Response to high malnutrition cases in West Darfur

    In order to tackle the issue, SMoH and partners plan to conduct a house-to-house mass MUAC screening in all localities to understand the overall picture of malnutrition in West Darfur. The exercise is to start on 29 August as part of the countrywide MUAC screening campaign slated from 29 to 31 August. The objective of the exercise is to gain a comprehensive picture of the malnutrition situation in West Darfur and other states. The Federal Ministry of Health (FMoH), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and partners are supporting the nationwide mass MUAC screening exercise. To respond to the increase in admission rates, UNICEF and the World Food Programme (WFP) have dispatched more nutrition supplies and supplements to West Darfur. In the weeks and months to come, more resources will be required for opening new nutrition facilities and for procuring nutrition supplies.

    Increase in SAM admission cases in Blue Nile State

    Meanwhile, there has also been an increase in reported SAM cases in Blue Nile State.
    Sudan’s Food Security Technical Secretariat (FSTS) reported in its July update for Blue Nile State that results of a MUAC screening exercise conducted by the Nutrition Department of the State Ministry of (SMoH) indicated that SAM admission cases among children under five years had increased by 105 per cent in the State in June 2016, compared to cases reported in May this year.

    According to nutrition experts, the increase in the number of admissions in June was partly due to better detection of cases as a result of the mass MUAC screening completed in the state covering 45 communities. Following the MUAC screening, 943 SAM cases were referred to the Outpatient Therapeutic Feeding Programme (OTP) in addition to those who were admitted through the routine programme. The total number of newly admitted SAM cases in July was 1,321, with the number in August likely to be higher, as a result of the mass MUAC screening at the end of the month.

    Over 200,000 people estimated to have been affected by floods

    According to the Government of Sudan and partners, heavy rain and flooding since early June have affected an estimated 204,000 people. According to UNICEF, more than half of the affected people are children. The most affected states are South Darfur, Kassala, Sennar, West Kordofan, Gedaref, Al Gezira and North Darfur.

    About 6,500 children in Kassala out of school due to floods

    An estimated 6,500 children in Kassala State are unable to attend school because of partial or complete destruction of their schools as a result of rain and flooding, according to UNICEF. Kassala State in the east of Sudan has been one of worst affected states and the one with the highest death toll – 83 persons killed as a result of heavy rain and flooding. Kassala State has the highest number of houses destroyed by flooding – close to 6,000 houses, according to the governmental Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC). UNICEF is providing clean drinking water to almost 20,000 people in 11 locations across Kassala State. Across affected areas, UNICEF and partners have distributed 11,000 nets to curb the spread of mosquito-borne diseases.

    The government-led National Flood Task Force in coordination with key actors is continuing to monitor the impact of rains and flooding and coordinate the response. Government authorities, local communities and in some areas national and international humanitarian organisations are responding to the needs arising from heavy rain and flooding.

    UN and partners continue flood response

    The UN and partners continue to provide relief assistance and basic services to flood-affected people. According to the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and partners, 9,154 flood-affected families (estimated 45,770 people) have received essential household supplies (plastic sheets, blankets, sleeping mats and kitchen sets). UNICEF has provided 4,800 children under five years old with fortified rations to stave off malnutrition, and has continued to screen children and provide treatment for SAM. UNICEF is also providing communities with ‘school in a box’ learning materials for teachers and students, plastic sheets and sitting mats so that children can continue learning.

    The World Health Organization (WHO) and health sector partners have provided drugs and medical supplies, vector control activities, training of health personnel in South Darfur that benefitted about 185,000 people, including flood –affected communities.
    WASH partners have provided about 105,000 flood-affected people across Sudan with access to clean water and sanitation services and personal hygiene supplies. Other response efforts are also ongoing by the Government of Sudan, the UN and partners.

    Floods also affect IDPs in Darfur

    Flooding is also affecting IDP communities in Darfur. In North Darfur State, the State Flood Task Force reported on 16 August that Dar El Salam and Shangil Tobaya areas, including IDP camps, were affected by floods. In Dar El Salam and Shangil Tobaya, about 90 houses were reported to have been destroyed by rain and flooding, including some shelters in Nifasha and Shadad IDP camps.

    In South Darfur, the World Health Organization (WHO) provided Rapid Response Kits (RRK), conducted vector control activities and provided training to health sectors partners in Kalma, Otash and Kass IDP camps.

    In West Darfur, HAC reported that 50 families in Sisi IDP camp in Kereinik locality and 150 families in Bireidia return village in Geneina locality were affected by heavy rains during the last week of July. An inter-agency mission visited Bireidia return village on 18 August to assess the needs of the affected people. Findings revealed that shelters of an estimated 60 households were destroyed by the heavy rains and winds. However, with the support of community members, they managed to rebuild them, while some of the affected families bought plastic sheets to cover their shelters. The assessment team identified 38 families who need support in terms of essential household supplies.

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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    25 août 2016 – Des années de violence causées par le groupe Boko Haram dans le bassin du Lac Tchad ont entraîné une aggravation de la crise humanitaire, forçant 1,4 million d'enfants à fuir et prenant au piège 1 million d'autres dans des zones difficiles à atteindre, selon un nouveau rapport du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l'enfance (UNICEF) publié jeudi.

    « Les besoins humanitaires dépassent la réponse, surtout maintenant que de nouvelles zones auparavant inaccessibles dans le nord-est du Nigéria deviennent accessibles », a déclaré le Directeur régional de l'UNICEF pour l'Afrique occidentale et centrale, Manuel Fontaine dans un communiqué de presse.

    Le groupe Boko Haram sévit dans quatre pays du bassin du Lac Tchad : le Nigéria, le Cameroun, le Tchad et le Niger.

    Selon le rapport, environ 475.000 enfants dans cette région vont souffrir de malnutrition aiguë sévère cette année, contre 175.000 au début 2016.

    Le rapport note également que la plupart de la population déplacée, soit plus de 8 personnes sur 10, est hébergée par des familles et des voisins, ce qui met une pression supplémentaire sur certaines des communautés les plus pauvres du monde.

    « Les communautés locales partagent le peu qu'elles ont pour aider ceux qui en ont besoin dans un acte d'humanité qui est reproduit dans des milliers de foyers à travers les zones affectées par le conflit », a souligné M. Fontaine.

    L'UNICEF travaille avec ses partenaires pour répondre aux besoins fondamentaux des enfants et de leurs familles dans les zones touchées par le conflit. Jusqu'à présent cette année, près de 170.000 enfants ont reçu un soutien psychosocial, près de 100.000 ont été traités pour malnutrition aiguë sévère et plus de 100.000 ont pris part à des programmes d'apprentissage.

    L'UNICEF n'a reçu que 13% des 308 millions de dollars dont il a besoin pour fournir une assistance aux familles touchées par les violences commises par Boko Haram au Nigéria, au Niger, au Tchad et au Cameroun.

    L'agence onusienne a demandé à la communauté des bailleurs de fonds d'intensifier son soutien aux communautés touchées. Selon elle, des ressources supplémentaires l'aideront à accroître sa réponse, notamment alors que l'accès à des zones auparavant sous le contrôle Boko Haram révèle des besoins humanitaires croissants.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

    Le PMR est un rapport produit en collaboration avec les secteurs / clusters pays et régionaux1. Il présente les progrès réalisés au travers d’une analyse qualitative et quantitative des indicateurs de résultat du Sahel.

    Le contexte

    En 2014, une stratégie de réponse humanitaire triennale pour le Sahel a été mise en place afin de répondre aux besoins des populations les plus vulnérables dans 9 pays (Burkina Faso, Cameroun, Gambie, Mali, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigeria, Sénégal et Tchad).

    Afin de faire le suivi de sa mise en œuvre, chaque secteur/ cluster a identifié des indicateurs de résultat communs pour la région ainsi que des cibles (désagrégées par genre) au niveau sous-national.

    Les 7 secteurs opérationnels au niveau régional (eau, hygiène et assainissement - EHA, éducation, assistance multisectorielles aux réfugiés, nutrition, protection, santé et sécurité alimentaire) rapportent mensuellement sur leurs réalisations au travers de l’outil de rapportage en ligne (ORS).

    Le rapport

    Les 7 secteurs opérationnels au niveau régional (eau, hygiène et assainissement - EHA, éducation, assistance multisectorielles aux réfugiés, nutrition, protection, santé et sécurité alimentaire) rapportent mensuellement sur leurs réalisations au travers de l’outil de rapportage en ligne (ORS).
    Ce rapport présente, par secteur et par pays, les réalisations rapportées pour la période allant de janvier à juin 2016. Il comporte une partie narrative et quantitative. Chaque secteur est responsable de s’assurer de la qualité et validité des données rapportées.

    Le système de rapportage en ligne (ORS)

    ORS a été développé par OCHA ROWCA. C’est un outil innovant conçu spécifiquement pour soutenir le partage d’information humanitaire et notamment (mais pas uniquement) sur les réalisations en cours. Il est actuellement déployé et opérationnel dans 8 pays. L’ensemble des données présentées dans ce rapport sont enregistrées sur ORS et disponibles en ligne. Pour plus d’information, allez sur http://

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: South Sudan


    • Over 1,000 households were visited with hygiene and cholera prevention messages in urban Juba and UN House on 22 August.

    • 15,595 children and 3,522 caregivers have been reached with lifesaving messages, including mine risk education, prevention of family separation, appropriate care for children, and cholera prevention since the start of the response.

    • School attendance is high in POC3, however, physical space is likely to become a concern as additional families are relocated from Tomping.

    Humanitarian Overview

    As of 21 August, the total number of cumulative cholera cases is 1,327; the case fatality rate is of 1.73%, with 23 deaths. Transmission in Juba has somewhat stabilised over the last three weeks, but alerts have been reported in other areas (Kajo-Keji, Nimule, Mingkaman, and Fangak). While investigations are ongoing, this suggests the possibility of geographic spread beyond areas of the current outbreak.

    Upon the request of UNICEF and other protection agencies, UNMISS has recently begun foot patrols around UN House, an area that remains high-risk for sexual violence. Protection partners continue to dialogue with the IDP population and provide feedback to UNMISS, to better understand patterns of movement and associated risks, and to enhance patrols effectiveness to the extent possible to protect civilians, particularly women and girls.

    Summary Analysis of Programme Response

    CHOLERA RESPONSE: 13 new cases were admitted to the UNICEF-supported Oral Rehydration Points (ORPs) in Juba on 22 August, with two referrals to the Cholera Treatment Centre (CTC). UNICEF continues to support the in-patient management of cholera through provision of supplies to the CTCs and cholera treatment units. Including the referrals from ORPs, on 22 August, 18 new patients were admitted at the CTC in Juba Teaching Hospital, and one in UN House.

    987 households (5,439 people) were visited in Juba on 22 August with hygiene messages, demonstrations of appropriate household water treatment, and cholera prevention message. A total of 723 chlorine tablets, 1,201 water purification tablets, 195 soaps and 1,553 oral rehydration salts were distributed to the most vulnerable families. An additional 105 households were visited with hygiene messages in UN House and seventy-six hygiene promoters in UN House received refresher training for optimal hygiene promotion.

    Construction of 25 new latrines in UN House is underway; all 1,184 latrines were cleaned and disinfected again on 22 August. Garbage and sewage continue to be disposed of safely outside the POC. One full truck of medical solid waste from the CTC was also disposed of safely. Foot spraying and hand washing with chlorinated water is ongoing in all entry and exit point of POC1 and 3 and at CTC and ORPs. About 900,000 litres of water is supplied daily to POC 1 and POC 3, with enhanced chlorination.

    As of 22 August, 140 hours of public addresses were conducted in 14 hotspots in greater Juba. The 16 radio channels have now aired cholera messages 6,140 times, covering the whole country and reaching up to two million people daily. All of them are also airing “hotline” information 10 times a day.

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 8/25/2016 - 23:02 GMT-4

    by Aminu ABUBAKAR

    Starving and alone, five-year-old Umar was left for dead in a camp for internally displaced people in northeast Nigeria.

    The reason? He is the son of a Boko Haram fighter.

    It took a Boko Haram widow to rescue Umar. Fatima Salisu had been held captive by the insurgents for 16 months and was forced to marry an Islamist fighter before she escaped to the camp outside the northeastern city of Maiduguri.

    Like Umar, the 25-year-old native of Cameroon is an outcast. Salisu says the other women never share food or board with her and they refuse to call her anything but a "Boko Haram wife".

    "They don't allow us to come near them. Everyone treats us with contempt," Salisu told AFP, speaking outside the camp to avoid attracting attention. "We are not wanted."

    She can tolerate the jeers, but she worries about Umar and other children who are bullied.

    Salisu said one Nigerian soldier had told her to "let him die. He is a Boko Haram child and we will throw him into the garbage."

    She said she fears the ill treatment could turn the children against society.

    New underclass

    Umar is not alone. Experts warn of a growing divide between women who were captured and children born to Boko Haram militants and the rest of the population.

    This new Boko Haram underclass is struggling to reintegrate into a society reeling after years of devastating attacks by the insurgents in their bloody pursuit of an independent Islamic state.

    "Ostracising the children of insurgents will impede the process of community reconciliation and rehabilitation – and that, distinct from any potentially radicalising effects – makes it a troubling development," Hilary Matfess, a Washington-based analyst, told AFP.

    The United Nations estimates that this year seven million people are in need of humanitarian assistance in northeast Nigeria.

    At risk are 1.4 million children who have been displaced by the conflict and 20,000 children in the northeast who have been separated from their families, according to an August UNICEF report.

    Among the most pressing needs is the reintegration of women and children who are returning to their communities after being held captive by Boko Haram.

    But the conflict has made people in the northeast wary. "There has been a serious breakdown of trust in communities across the north," Matfess said.

    "A number of women, most famously the Chibok girls, were abducted into the insurgency, but a significant number of women joined the insurgency of their own accord," said Matfess.

    "Telling the difference once women return to their communities -- whether through escape or liberation by the security forces -- is next to impossible."

    'We were forced'

    Even family members don't sympathise with relatives "tainted" by Boko Haram.

    "Our blood relations stigmatise us," said Hafsa Ibrahim, a 27-year-old who was kidnapped from the town of Bama and forcibly married to a Boko Haram fighter.

    "They think it was with our consent that we got married to Boko Haram," Ibrahim said, choking back tears. "We were forced."

    Some local politicians have acknowledged the problem.

    "We must show love to these innocent children as much as we should support the innocent mothers," Borno State Governor Kashim Shettima has said, warning that otherwise the Boko Haram children will "inherit" the fervour of their fathers.

    Entrenched "deterministic views" in northeast Nigeria hold that biological fathers transmit "bad blood" to the children -- "a child of a snake is a snake" is one saying encapsulating this idea, according to global organization International Alert in a 2016 report on the topic.

    With the Nigerian army claiming a series of successful attacks on Boko Haram, winning back territory and freeing thousands of people, the need to reintegrate captives has never been greater.

    But if life in the camp is any indication, much work still needs to be done.

    "Whenever the child cries they tease him, and tell him to go meet his Boko Haram father in the bush," Salisu said about her adopted boy. "They show no love."


    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Nigeria


    • 4.5 million People severely food insecure (CH Phases 3, 4 and 5)

    • 2.4 million People internally displaced by ongoing crisis

    • 146 000 People reached by FAO to-date in 2016

    • USD 8 million needed under the 2016 HRP


    • Almost 4.5 million people face acute food insecurity in northeast Nigeria and require immediate assistance, according to the latest Cadre harmonisé analysis, released on 19 August.

    • A renewed commitment from resource partners is needed to expand interventions to newly liberated areas rendered accessible to humanitarian assistance in the past months.

    • FAO has launched a full-scale corporate surge response to the ongoing crisis. However, the Organization’s activities remain constrained by a serious lack of funding.

    • USD 8.1 million is needed now to provide seeds and fertilizers in time for the upcoming irrigated dry season to IDPs and host families, in order to save farmers’ livelihoods and improve food security.

    • Given the severity of the situation and the windows of opportunity offered by access to newly liberated areas, we must act now to rapidly restore food security and tackle severe hunger and malnutrition.

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    Source: UN Radio
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Des années de violence causées par le groupe Boko Haram dans le bassin du Lac Tchad ont entraîné une aggravation de la crise humanitaire, forçant 1,4 million d’enfants à fuir et prenant au piège 1 million d’autres dans des zones difficiles à atteindre, selon un nouveau rapport du Fonds des Nations Unies pour l’enfance (UNICEF) publié jeudi.

    « Les besoins humanitaires dépassent la réponse, surtout maintenant que de nouvelles zones auparavant inaccessibles dans le nord-est du Nigéria deviennent accessibles », a déclaré le Directeur régional de l’UNICEF pour l’Afrique occidentale et centrale, Manuel Fontaine dans un communiqué de presse.

    Le groupe Boko Haram sévit dans quatre pays du bassin du Lac Tchad : le Nigéria, le Cameroun, le Tchad et le Niger.

    Selon le rapport, environ 475.000 enfants dans cette région vont souffrir de malnutrition aiguë sévère cette année, contre 175.000 au début 2016.

    Le rapport note également que la plupart de la population déplacée, soit plus de 8 personnes sur 10, est hébergée par des familles et des voisins, ce qui met une pression supplémentaire sur certaines des communautés les plus pauvres du monde.

    « Les communautés locales partagent le peu qu’elles ont pour aider ceux qui en ont besoin dans un acte d’humanité qui est reproduit dans des milliers de foyers à travers les zones affectées par le conflit », a souligné M. Fontaine.

    L’UNICEF travaille avec ses partenaires pour répondre aux besoins fondamentaux des enfants et de leurs familles dans les zones touchées par le conflit. Jusqu’à présent cette année, près de 170.000 enfants ont reçu un soutien psychosocial, près de 100.000 ont été traités pour malnutrition aiguë sévère et plus de 100.000 ont pris part à des programmes d’apprentissage.

    L’UNICEF n’a reçu que 13% des 308 millions de dollars dont il a besoin pour fournir une assistance aux familles touchées par les violences commises par Boko Haram au Nigéria, au Niger, au Tchad et au Cameroun.

    L’agence onusienne a demandé à la communauté des bailleurs de fonds d’intensifier son soutien aux communautés touchées. Selon elle, des ressources supplémentaires l’aideront à accroître sa réponse, notamment alors que l’accès à des zones auparavant sous le contrôle Boko Haram révèle des besoins humanitaires croissants.

    (Extrait sonore : Christophe Boulierac, porte-parole de l'UNICEF; propos recueillis par Alpha Diallo)

    Ecoutez l'intégral de l'interview avec Christophe Boulierac Écouter / Télécharger

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    1.0 Background and Current Situation

    Since 2013, several communities in Borno states have come under constant attacks by the Boko Haram (BH) insurgents leading to displacement, death, destruction of property and means of livelihood. With the renewed efforts of the military, the insurgents have been pushed to the fringe while more communities have been liberated. The liberation of more communities has further swollen the number of IDPs that are received both in Maiduguri metropolis and the neighbouring LGAs. The humanitarian partners are currently providing humanitarian assistance to IDPs in both camps and host communities with the collaboration of the National/State Emergency Management Agencies.

    On 23 February, under the coordination of OCHA, a fact finding mission was carried out in Kaga and Konduga with the aim of gathering information on the needs arising from the insurgency activities, and informing the humanitarian response. A checklist/questionnaire was developed and the assessment teams, drawn from the UN agencies and NGOs, visited (Auno and Jakana) in Konduga LGA and (Ngamdu, Mainok and Benishek) Kaga LGA. The list of informants included: teachers, youths, IDPs, health worker, military, government officials, community leaders, opinion makers, women, men and youth.

    2.0 Brief Description of Kaga and Konduga LGAs

    Kaga is one of the Local Government Areas of Borno State with its headquarters in Benishiek. It has a population of 90,0151. It is located along Maiduguri – Damaturu road. Kaga is one of the worst hit LGAs in Borno State. Some villages in Kaga such as Benishek, Makintamari, Mainok and Ngamdu have experienced repeated attacks, gruesome killings and wanton destruction of houses and property by the insurgents. On September 19, 2013, Benishek was the scene of a massacre by BH where over 159 residents were killed2. In addition, BH has made repeated attempts to block the Maiduguri – Damaturu road; in most cases, road users and villages along this axis have been caught in cross fire between the military and BH.

    Konduga LGA is located about 25 km to the southeast of Maiduguri, situated on the north bank of the Ngadda River. The population of the Konduga LGA is about 13,400. In September 27, 2015, at least nine people were killed and several others injured during an attack on Mailari village of Konduga Local Government Authority (LGA) in Borno State. Also on March 4, 2014, 11 people were killed in Jakana village3 Boko Haram members also attacked and killed 25 people in Mainok village in 20154.

    3.0 Key Findings

    Affected Population

    The affected population in the communities visited are mixed. They comprise of IDPs that have returned to their areas of habitual residence and those that are not directly affected by insurgency but fled their areas of origin due to insecurity and the activities of the military. For instance, the community leaders interviewed in Kaga indicated that the military often gives.instructions to people in neighbouring communities to vacate their communities to enable themroot out the insurgents. This action has invariably increased the influx of IDPs into their communities.

    The team observed that most of the displaced families reside both in spontaneous settlement/informal camps and with host families. The team visited two unofficial camps in Benishek (Government Girls Secondary School-GGSS and Government Technical Secondary School GTSS). GGSS was set up by the Government as an informal camp. It hosts IDPs from some liberated communities around Benishek which include Galangi, Zakurari, Shettimari, Burma, Jalori, shettimanuri and Walari. GTSS on the other hand hosts over 1500 IDP who are mostly from Kaga LGA.

    Alajere is a spontaneous camp with about 20 HHs. The IDPs arrived in the camp about five to seven months ago after an attack on their community; women and children arrived first from Gwatala village which is approximately 30 km from Ngamdu town. Some IDP families are also hosted in the Ngamdu hospital; most of them were displaced Burmoa, Kodo, Shedimah and Shitiri villages.

    The overall analysis of these camps illustrates limited or lack of response of both government and non-governmental aid agencies. The increasing number IDPs from areas of operation of the military require very well managed services and a co-ordinated relief response. It seems very obvious that the camps are over stretched and living conditions cramped, and sanitation facilities dismal. Based on discussion with the IDPs there was little or no supply of food, leading to deteriorating health conditions among the IDPs, especially children, pregnant and lactating mothers.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


    In Nigeria, national, state and local authorities in collaboration with an expanding list of humanitarian partners continue their urgent efforts to address the needs of the displaced population and the host communities where the majority are sheltered. The rainy season has begun and there are concerns for IDPs living in makeshift sites in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa with poor drainage and grossly inadequate sanitation. Two cases of polio reported in Borno in early August exacerbate already strong fears that the lack of basic shelter, water, latrines and shower facilities will increase the levels of traditional waterborne diseases. Even though funding for the Humanitarian Response Plan has increased to 36 per cent, a shortfall of US$ 177 million for critical life-saving responses remains.

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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


    • A Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) military operations against Boko Haram launched.

    • 266,000 people in need of immediate food assistance in Borno states, Nigeria.

    • 480,000 beneficiaries targeted through cash-based transfers in Borno and Yobe states, Nigeria.

    In Numbers

    2.1 million displaced in northeast Nigeria, more than a million are children.

    3 million people in severe food insecurity linked to Boko Haram in Nigeria.

    4 countries affected

    USD 75 million required for life-saving assistance in northeast Nigeria

    Situation Update

    • In Nigeria, the Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) military operations against Boko Haram involving five countries (Chad, Niger, Cameroon,
      Nigeria and Benin) is launched. On 26 June, the Nigerian Air Force (NAF-MNJTF) conducted an offensive in fifteen different localities of Mafa Local Government Area (LGA), Borno State, Nigeria.
      Troops reportedly rescue over 5,000 hostages and kill ten Boko Haram-Islamic State West Africa (ISWA) militants during fighting patrols.

    • Boko Haram incursions and suicide bombings continued in several locations along the CameroonNigeria border during the reporting period. On 29 June, Boko Haram carried out a suicide attack in Djamkana village, near the border with Nigeria in the Far north. At least 11 people are killed and several others injured. Some 600 Nigerians arrived in the Marigueidi, Afade, Matkouss, Tilde and Gouzoudou villages, along the border, following recent clashes in Nigeria. From 13 to 15 June,
      UNHCR, OCHA, UNICEF and the government attended a workshop in Yaounde to jointly review the EPR, define security risks and establish an interagency contingency plan.

    • The security situation remained stable in the Lake region, but deployment of Chadian troops to the border with Niger and military operations might cause new population movements. The state of emergency in the Lake Chad region has now been extended until October 2016 and food distributions to displaced people in newly identified priority sites in Chad are urgently required. Longer-term support to livelihoods is also critical since return perspectives are currently limited.

    • The lack of infrastructure also renders access to new sites difficult, particularly in the northern part of the Lake.

    • The security situation in Diffa, Niger, continues to be very volatile over the past weeks following several attacks led by Boko Haram. Under the operability of MNJTF, hundreds of Chadian military vehicles arrived at N'guigmi on 26 June.

    • In Niger, tens of thousands of people have been uprooted over the past few weeks, more than half of them women and children. Some 69,674 displaced people due to the recent Bosso crisis are mainly hosted in Diffa, Kintchandi, Maine Soroa, Kablewa,
      Garin Wazam and Gagam. WFP provided assistance to 160,000 people in the region.

    • The Governorate in Niger recently announced the voluntary return of some displaced people to Bosso with its logistical support. UNHCR announced the relocation of refugees from the temporary site of Djalori to Sayam Forage refugee camp. Some 2,000 refugees reportedly volunteered and the first transfer plans involved 146 households.

    • Following a new registration mission of IDP carried out by the cluster Shelter/AME/CCCM/IOM in Chad, there are now 111,683 people displaced, including 74,800 who has already been registered. WFP estimates that a total of 100,000 IDPs including 26000 children under five and are in need of assistance.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger

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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Niger

    In early August, heavy rains in the Tahoua district of Niger caused severe flooding, killing one person, washing away over 500 houses, and leaving 1,940 households in a dire situation. Many homeless families have been left sheltering in public buildings, some in need of medical attention and most worried about their future.

    While the local authorities have responded, the sheer scale of the floods has left over 11,000 people vulnerable and some humanitarian organisations overwhelmed. The risks of malnutrition and communicable diseases such as malaria, diarrhoea, and respiratory ailments are real and need to be addressed.

    MSF was already operating in the area and, when called upon by the authorities to respond, rapidly deployed an assessment mission to evaluate the situation and determine how it could support the wider appeal. MSF decided that it had the capacity and was best placed to intervene in the town of Abalack and the village of Kiara.

    “We see that the families in this area, who are already have very little, have now lost everything. Despite the presence of government health facilities, many parents do not have the money for treatment for such illnesses as respiratory infections, diarrhoea and skin diseases,” said Adolphe Masudi, MSF project manager for this intervention.

    “MSF has put a mobile clinic into the field where treatment is free and we can conduct hygiene promotion activities. We are also providing mental health support for a widely traumatised population and strengthening our surveillance of outbreaks. Five hundred non-food item (NFI) kits, which include domestic utensils, blankets, mosquito nets and hygiene supplies, were also handed out to families that lost their homes.”

    In the village of Kiara most of the destitute families are sheltering in the three classrooms of the community school. Given the squalid conditions, one of MSF’s first tasks was to dig basic, working latrines to stop the spread of waterborne diseases. But with over two hundred families in need, this is only a stopgap measure.

    If the sanitary conditions do not improve and decomposing animal carcasses killed in the floods are not managed, disease could spread quickly. This is a crisis the community will find hard to contain under the current circumstances.

    MSF also distributed 220 NFI kits to families in Kiara. This comes after the local government distributed some food rations and cooking oil as an emergency provision as well as small sum of money equivalent to 2,000 Central African Francs (a little over three euros).

    Those who have lost livestock or harvests do not know how they will get back on their feet. In this part of the country this is the only way of saving and ensuring that one’s family has access to food.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


    Le violent conflit dans le Bassin du lac Tchad n’a cessé de s’aggraver. Les raids et les attentats suicides de Boko Haram sur les civils causent des traumatismes généralisés, empêchant les gens d’accéder aux services essentiels et détruisant les infrastructures vitales. Environ 21 millions de personnes vivent dans les zones touchées des quatre pays riverains du Lac Tchad. Le nombre de personnes déplacées dans les zones les plus affectées a triplé depuis les deux dernières années. La plupart des familles déplacées sont hébergées par des communautés qui sont parmi les plus pauvres et les plus vulnérables au monde. L’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition dans les régions affectées ont atteint des niveaux alarmants.

    Développements récents

    Le 28 juillet, un convoi humanitaire de retour de Bama vers Maiduguri après y avoir acheminé de l'aide a été attaqué par des combattants présumés de Boko Haram. Le convoi comprenait du personnel de l'UNICEF, du FNUAP et de l'OIM. Les Nations Unies ont temporairement suspendu les missions par la route et durant la nuit à Bama. Le 21 juillet, l’ONU a mené une première mission d’aide transfrontalière du Cameroun au Nigeria en fournissant de la nourriture et des articles non alimentaires à 15 000 personnes déplacées dans la ville de Banki, située à 2 km de la frontière camerounaise. Les organisations humanitaires ont publié un Plan sur 90 jours résumant les besoins prioritaires immédiats entre juillet et fin septembre dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad, sollicitant 221,6 millions USD dont 96,7 millions pour la sécurité alimentaire. De nombreuses zones à travers le Bassin du Lac Tchad devraient connaître une insécurité alimentaire aiguë jusqu'en septembre, les ménages n’étant que légèrement en mesure de répondre à leurs besoins alimentaires et recourant à des stratégies d'adaptation difficile. La faim et la malnutrition restent élevées dans la plupart des zones frappées par le conflit.

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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office, Department for International Development, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, US Agency for International Development, UN Children's Fund, International Rescue Committee, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Niger, Nigeria


    • Le 04 Aout 2016, le programme Education de IRC a organisé une rencontre avec les conseillers pédagogiques et les directeurs de 18 écoles ciblées pour le projet Education in Emergencies:
    Evidence for Action 3EA sur financement Dubai Cares dans le département de Diffa. Le but est de partager avec ces acteurs le contenu du projet 3EA afin d’obtenir l’engagement et la pleine implication de tous dans la mise en œuvre des activités dans leurs écoles respectives. Ils ont été édifiés sur l’objectif du projet : « Catalyser les changements dans la recherche et la pratique qui auront un impact large et soutenu sur les résultats d’apprentissage des enfants en lecture-écriture, mathématiques, et apprentissage socio-émotionnels dans des contextes touché par la crise ».
    Ainsi, 22 personnes dont 18 directeurs et 3 conseillers et 1 un représentant de la Direction Régionale de l’Enseignement Primaire ont pris part à cette rencontre. La liste définitive des 30 écoles de Diffa et Mainé retenues pour la mise en œuvre du projet a été partagée aux inspecteurs par la même occasion.

    • Du 4 au 5 Aout 2016, le programme Education a participé à un atelier de partage des données portant sur la gestion des urgences organisé par la Direction Régionale de l’Enseignement Primaire de Diffa. L’objectif de cet atelier est de présenter les données relatives aux préinscriptions des potentiels élèves des zones d’accueil des sites spontanés afin d’apporter des réponses pour assurer une éducation de qualité.

    • Dans le cadre du projet WASH financé par UNICEF, des séances de sensibilisation dans les villages et sites de N’Galori, Djalori, Madoukourdi, et Issari Brime/Boudoum ont été menées sur le traitement de l’eau à domicile, l’utilisation et l’entretien des latrines, le lavage des mains, l’hygiène corporelle, l’hygiène menstruelle incluant l’utilisation de coton hydrophile. IRC offre les produits Aquatab et Pur, et du coton hydrophile aux bénéficiaires à travers la donation des kits d’hygiène.
    Ainsi, les relais communautaires et les mobilisateurs contribuent efficacement à l’amélioration des pratiques d’hygiène liées à l’eau et l’assainissement et aussi préviennent les communautés pour la lutte contre les maladies diarrhéiques. 4 679 personnes représentant 1 033 hommes, 1 328 femmes, 1 137 garçons et 1 181 filles ont été touchées. 71 dalles Sanplat ont également été distribuées à environ 4 000 personnes à Issari Brime pour la construction de leurs latrines familiales.

    • Au cours de la période, l’équipe d’Urgence de IRC a animé d’autres séances de sensibilisation sur différents sites d’intervention avec 355 personnes représentant 147 hommes, 87 femmes, 53 filles et 68 garçons touchées par les messages de la promotion à l’hygiène. Ces séances ont permis aux participants d’apprécier les pratiques à risque et de prendre les mesures adéquates pour améliorer leurs conditions de santé. Un suivi des travaux de construction des latrines communautaires d’urgence sous financement UNICEF a été effectué à N’guel wanzam 2,
    Kindjaindi et N’Guagam.

    • Le programme Livelihoods de IRC a organisé des séances de sensibilisation et de distributions des cartes E-vouchers à 417 bénéficiaires du projet d’assistance alimentaire d’urgence sous financement USAID/FFP dont 187 à Mourimadi et 230 à Garin Wanzam. Les sensibilisations ont porté sur l’utilisation des cartes durant les échanges contres des biens alimentaires. En marge de ces sensibilisations, une collecte de données sur les indicateurs du projet a été réalisée auprès de 28 ménages.

    • L’équipe Livelihoods de IRC a effectué une visite des installations de 5 fournisseurs d’intrants d’élevage à Diffa centre et s’inscrit dans le cadre la sélection des prestataires pour la mise en œuvre des activités d’appui à la reconstitution du cheptel sous financement de Sida.

    • Le 1er et 4 Aout 2016, IRC avec l’appui de l’UNHCR a organisé 2 thé-débats sur les violences psychologiques et leurs conséquences ; le mariage précoce/forcé ainsi que leurs conséquences à Garin Wanzam et Elhadji Mainari. 80 participants dont 40 femmes ont été touchés. Ces activités avaient pour but d’améliorer la connaissance des populations concernées sur les violences basées sur le genre ainsi que leurs conséquences sur leur quotidien.

    • Pendant la même période, IRC a également appuyé 28 ménages de 110 personnes avec de repas chaud lors de la relocalisation de Garin Wanzam au camp Sayam Forage avec l’appui de l’UNHCR.

    • Du 2 au 4 Aout 2016, IRC, sous financement UNHCR, a conduit une formation au profit du comité enfant pair éducateur de Gagamari portant sur les techniques d’animation et théâtre participatif. 12 enfants membres dudit comité dont 6 filles ont participé à cette formation et a pour objectif de renforcer les capacités des enfants à conduire des activités socio récréatives et des sensibilisations. Cette même formation a été conduite à l’endroit du comité pair éducateur d’Assaga avec 21 participants dont 12 filles.

    • Le 4 Aout 2016, IRC avec le soutien du comité pair éducateur a animé une séance de sensibilisation à Chétimari sur la protection de l’enfant en situation d’urgence. Les participants ont été édifiés sur les enregistrements des naissances, les services disponibles et le signalement des cas de protection. 436 personnes dont 221 femmes ont assisté.

    • Le 4 Aout 2016, IRC, sous financement de l’UNHCR, a organisé avec l’appui des enfants pairs éducateurs du site d’Elhadji Mainari une sensibilisation sur le droit de l’enfant à la protection. 355 enfants dont 105 filles ont participé à l’activité.

    • Du 1er au 7 Aout 2016, sous financement de CDC, les comités-Santé de la Reproduction de Chétimari, Gagamari, Kargamari, Tam et Kabléwa ont effectué des séances de sensibilisations portant sur l'utilisation des moustiquaires imprégnées, le VIH/SIDA et la double protection, la consultation prénatale recentrée, les risques des avortements et les rumeurs sur la planification familiale. 197 personnes dont 52 femmes enceintes, 90 femmes allaitantes, 34 autres femmes et 21 hommes ont été touchées.

    • Du 1er au 2 Aout 2016, le programme Santé de la Reproduction de IRC, sous financement CDC, en collaboration avec la Direction Départementale de la Santé Publique a organisé un atelier régional de validation du plan opérationnel en Santé Reproductive, élaboré en Juillet 2016. Cette activité a vu la participation des Districts Sanitaires, des partenaires de la santé et des autorités administratives et coutumières. L'objectif est de doter la région de Diffa d'une stratégie SR qui vise à améliorer l'offre et l'utilisation des services de santé de la reproduction aux populations refugiés et autochtones. 39 personnes y ont pris part.

    • Au cours de la période, IRC, avec l’appui de l’UNHCR, a procédé à la remise des kits de motivation aux points focaux de la zone de Diffa. Ils sont 33 à bénéficier de cette donation qui rentre dans le cadre de l’encouragement et une meilleure collaboration.

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