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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Highlights

    • The lean season distributions are ongoing in all regions. Assistance has been provided to 250,000 people, including children 6-59 months and pregnant women and nursing mothers.

    • The construction of the large Watershed project on four sites in Niger have been completed in three sites. The Toughfini site completed at 50 percent due to the rainy season. The project involves land regeneration and water mobilization. The expected completion is in October.

    Operational Update

    • Integrated resilience programme: Agricultural development works continued in July. Preparations for the planting of shrubs and trees on land that has been regenerated by WFP is ongoing. Pastoral sites that were developed by planting activities in May, are developing well.

    • The construction of the large water catchments was completed in three sites (Karkara, Darey and Sahiya). The work at the fourth site, Toughfini, halted at 50 percent due to the rainy season. The works will resume in October. The water catchment area will allow more than 500 ha to be developed through small scale gardening benefitting 42,000 people from December 2016 onwards.

    • The country office is preparing to launch the E-voucher in the Mangaizé refugee camp for the month of August. In September the launch and delivery of the electronic mechanism will be extended to all other refugee camps in the country, including Diffa.

    • Humanitarian assistance: WFP continues to assist 58,900 Malian refugees through unconditional assistance (food/voucher) in the camps (Tabarebarey, Abala and Mangaize) and hosting sites (Intikane and Tazalit).

    • WFP and partners continue to respond to populations in the Diffa region affected by the evolving insecurity in the Lake Chad Basin.

    • Air support: UNHAS continues to provide air transport services to the humanitarian community to the five regions of Niger. In July, UNHAS transported 1,360 passengers, including two medical evacuations, and 2,217 kg of cargo.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Gambia

    Highlights

    • Purchase from Africans from Africa (PAA Africa) is set to launch in July.

    • A consultative process has been initiated between the WFP, the Gambia Government, and the FAO, along with partner organisations in the country.

    The School Meals Project focuses on strengthening the overall institutional and policy framework for a national school meals system and consolidating and improving the gains achieved in access to pre-primary and primary education. This is accomplished through direct support for school meals in the most vulnerable districts. Key activities include nutrition education, a pilot initiative on local procurement, which links school meals to local agricultural production and ensure sustainable markets to small scale farmers.

    To ensure that procurement is closer to the communities while improving diet diversity for school children, a cash transfer initiative is being piloted, with disbursement due to commence in June 2016. A total of 24 schools will benefit from cash based transfer (CBT) through community/school structures and caterers. South-South Cooperation programme to strengthen social protection initiatives in The Gambia has been finalized with the WFP Centre of Excellence in Brazil. A national consultant was recruited to support the implementation action plan for the programme. The Gambia is part of the team of countries eligible for Purchase from Africans for Africa (PAA) scale-up. A project formulation mission visited The Gambia in June and held meetings with stakeholders and high level government officials.

    The Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) seeks to provide assistance to food insecure and vulnerable households, particularly malnourished children with moderate acute malnutrition, children of 6-23 months and pregnant and nursing women, especially during the lean season. The operation targets 157,100 people for support.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    Highlights

    • WFP urgently needs USD 13.5 million to cover costs to maintain operations in support of the vulnerable populations in Mauritania, including refugees. With no additional resources, WFP will be forced to suspend its operations at the end of September until December 2016.

    • WFP is currently updating the beneficiaries’ lists for its unconditional food and cash distribution in five of the six regions covered by the general food distribution activity. The process is developed following the HEA methodology and undertaken in partnership with the CSA and implementing partners.

    Operational Updates

    • PRRO Refugees Component: In Mberra camp, WFP assisted 41,279 refugees with a food basket composed of rice, pulses and oil. Each refugee also received a cash distribution of 1,500 Mauritanian Ouguiya (MRO) equivalent to 30 percent of the food basket value.

    • Moreover, in the camp, 5,233 children and 1,089 pregnant and nursing women benefitted from prevention of malnutrition activities, conducted yearly during the lean season, consisting in distributions of oil and CSB. In addition, the CRENAM centers located in the camp have treated 424 children and 77 pregnant and nursing women with WFP support.

    • PRRO Local Vulnerable Population Component:
      WFP is updating the beneficiaries list for unconditional food and cash distribution in five of the six regions covered by the general food distribution activity. The process is developed following the HEA methodology and undertaken in partnership with the CSA and implementing partners.

    • In the regions of Gorgol and Ghidimakha, WFP assisted 17,647 malnourished children aged from 6 to 59 months and 14,979 undernourished pregnant and nursing women through blanket supplementary feeding.

    • During the same month and in the same areas, 836 children and 944 pregnant and nursing women were treated for MAM with a targeted supplementary feeding composed of a fortified ready-to-use peanut butter for children and fortified cereal for pregnant and nursing women in CRENAM centres.

    • UNHAS: In July, the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) transported 198 humanitarian workers and 1 mt of light cargo in 32 rotations between Nouakchott and Bassikounou.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    Highlights

    • Heavy fighting broke out in Juba on 7 July; although a ceasefire has since been declared, the situation remains tense and unpredictable. Fighting has also been reported in other parts of the country.

    • Efforts to scale up food assistance to populations facing rising food insecurity are ongoing. In Northern Bahr el Ghazal, air drops of food assistance recently commenced.

    • Over 4,600 mt of food looted from WFP’s warehouse, along with physical assets like vehicles, spare parts, and other equipment. Losses valued at approximately USD 28 million.

    EMOP 200859: WFP’s emergency operation (EMOP) aims to assist 1.6 million people displaced and affected by conflict, in the three conflict affected states, through food distributions, blanket and targeted supplementary feeding, cash based transfers (CBT), emergency food for education and institutional feeding.

    PRRO 200572: WFP’s protracted relief and recovery operation (PRRO) aims to assist 1.6 million people through food distributions, blanket and targeted supplementary feeding, institutional feeding, food assistance for assets, food for education, CBTs and Purchase for Progress (P4P).

    SO 200775: The Food Security and Livelihoods Cluster, which WFP co-leads with FAO, is dedicated to coordinating the food security sector nationally to ensure the most efficient response to food availability and access issues. More information: http://fscluster.org/south-sudan-rep SO 200778: Through the Logistics Cluster, WFP supports the humanitarian community by providing logistical expertise, coordination and transportation of humanitarian cargo. More information: http://www.logcluster.org/ops/ssd11a

    SO 200931: The Emergency Telecommunications Cluster (ETC) provides necessary telecommunication services where basic infrastructure is limited. More information: https://www.etcluster.org/emergencies/south-sudanconflict

    SO 200786: WFP operates the United Nations Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) on behalf of the humanitarian community, providing safe and reliable air transport to thousands of humanitarian personnel.

    SO 200379: The feeder roads operation is dedicated to linking farmers and communities to markets and basic services as well as to reducing transportation costs and improving delivery efficiency.

    Operational Updates

    • Heavy fighting broke out in Juba on 7 July between the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) and the SPLA-In Opposition (IO), leading to displacement of thousands of civilians. While a ceasefire was declared by both parties on 11 July, the situation remains tense and unpredictable.
      Sporadic fighting between the SPLA, SPLA/IO and other armed groups has been reported in other parts of the country, particularly in Eastern and Western Equatoria, Upper Nile and Unity states.

    • In the aftermath of the recent fighting in Juba, emergency food assistance was prioritized for displaced people living in the protection of civilian (POC) sites who were not able to return home, as a means to mitigate pull factors and to encourage them to return home where possible. Emergency food rations were given to 7,000 people who were unable to return home due to the insecurity.

    • WFP also completed food distributions for the registered 30,000 displaced persons. At the UNMISS Tomping base and the PoC sites, WFP provided blanket supplementary feeding programme (BSFP) for children under five years, pregnant women and nursing mothers.

    • WFP continues to scale up its response to the deteriorating food and nutrition security situation in Northern Bahr el Ghazal where about 60 percent of the population ( 845,000 people) - is facing crisis and emergency levels of food insecurity. WFP plans to assist 532,000 people through food distributions, nutrition interventions, and food assistance for assets programmes. With the deteriorated road conditions during this rainy season, WFP has extended airdrops to Northern Bahr el Ghazal. For the first time since the country’s independence, WFP has extended airdrops to Northern Bahr el Ghazal.

    • WFP remains concerned about the situation in Western Bahr el Ghazal where the food and nutrition security situation is declining. However, WFP does not have access to affected populations outside of Wau town because of insecurity, and assistance is limited to 40,000 displaced people.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Nigeria

    Key Messages

    Seventy-four (74) percent of both Internally Displaced Population (IDPs) and host population households in Gujba and Gulani Local Government Areas (LGAs) are food insecure. One-third of IDP households is severely food insecure.

    Malnutrition rates among children under five years exceed the WHO emergency thresholds, with prevalence higher than 15 percent.

    Methodology

    WHAT : Emergency Food Security Assessment

    WHY : To better understand the food security and nutrition situation of IDPs and Host Populations Households

    WHERE : Gujba and Gulani LGAs of Yobe State were covered

    WHEN : July 2016 (Data Collection)

    HOW : CARI (the Consolidated Approach for Reporting Indicators ) was calculated using the food consumption score, share of food expenditure and coping strategies

    SAMPLING : Random selection of households in 52 settlements was conducted. A total of 1809 households were interviewed, comprising 531 IDPs and 1278 host population households

    LIMITATION: There were three main challenges to data collection in the two LGAs. These include (i) access limitation due to insecurity (ii) inability of the assessment teams to collect food price data due lack of functioning markets and (iii) lower than expected number of IDPs as most of them are returning home

    In April 2016, four LGAs in northern and southern Yobe State were facing emergency food security conditions. These LGAs, which include Geidam, Gulani, Gujba and Yunusari have been directly affected by the ongoing conflict. In Gujba and Gulani - the breadbasket of the North-East region - more than 300,000 people were estimated to be in need of immediate assistance1 . To assess the food security and nutrition situation of IDPs and host populations in the 4 most vulnerable LGAs in the eastern part of Yobe State, the food security sector lead along with National Emergency Management Agency ( N E MA) / St a t e E merg enc y Management Agency (SEMA) and other sector leads conducted this joint food security and nutrition assessment.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, World


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    Source: Food Security and Nutrition Working Group
    Country: Nigeria

    West and Central Africa Regional Food Security and Nutrition Working Group (August 2016)

    Background and Access Acute malnutrition and food insecurity represent long-term structural problems in Northern Nigeria.
    However, the fragile nutrition situation among the most vulnerable population has, over the last three years, translated into a complex crisis as a result of the Boko Haram armed conflict. Since May 2013, the Boko Haram conflict has destroyed infrastructure such as health clinics, dramatically eroded livelihoods and triggered the displacement of over 2 million people, out of which 1.4 million people are in Borno State (IOM, DTM June 2016). Displacements and restricted access to fields and pastures have led to the loss of productive assets, including of basic agricultural inputs. This is of major concern as the majority of crisis-hit populations rely on farming, cattle breeding, fishing, and trading activities for their food and income.

    The current economic crisis in Nigeria is further fueling the complex emergency. Households face high food prices due to the devaluation of the Nigerian Naira and removal of the fuel subsidy. With food prices increasing without corresponding wage increases and with disruption to income generation, household purchasing power is deteriorating.

    Large proportions of households have exhausted their resources and are in an increasingly precarious situation. In Kano (north central Nigeria), millet prices are nearly 80 percent higher than this time last year, and the value of sorghum has more than doubled since May of last year.

    As a result, food insecurity is widespread across Northern Nigeria and over 5.8 million people are in crisis and in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.

    While most Northern states in Nigeria are fully accessible, humanitarian access remains extremely limited in some areas of Borno State and insecurity is impacting on the functioning of many markets. It is estimated that 2.2 million people in Borno cannot be reached by humanitarian actors due to the security situation. On July 28, 2016, an attack on a United Nations aid convoy traveling from Bama to Maiduguri in Borno State injured 2 aid workers and demonstrated the ongoing risks and complexity of providing humanitarian assistance.

    Since April 2016, 15 previously inaccessible local government areas (LGAs) in Borno and Yobe have opened up, enabling humanitarian needs assessments to take place. According to the Government of Nigeria, approximately 750,000 people in these newly accessible areas have urgent unmet humanitarian needs.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • The Diffa region continues to be affected by the Nigeria crises, with 6 attacks in July. Attacks included the looting of a WFP warehouse, an ambush to army patrol killing 5 soldiers and a major attack at the end of July to two villages on Lake Chad islands, with over 90 civilians estimated to have been executed and over 10 reported kidnapped.

    • The Diffa region is hosting an estimated 280,000 displaced people (Nigerian refugees and returnees, and internally displaced) including around 69,000 (25%) recently displaced following attacks in June in Bosso.

    • In July, UNICEF and its partners provided access to safe water to an additional 18,500 people in Diffa through the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) project.

    • Despite a nationwide measles campaign in December 2015, at week 30 (end July 2016) Niger recorded 2,370 cases of measles with 10 deaths. Six regions have been affected including the capital Niamey (1,072 cases); and the Diffa region (42 cases, 7 confirmed). UNICEF and other partners supported the health regional directorate for a coordinated response, reaching 103,960 children between 9 months to 14 years in the Diffa Region.

    • Floods affected entire villages in Maradi and Zinder region in July, affecting several villages. UNICEF provided support to the government to supply NFI kits and, where necessary, water treatment tablets to 207 households (almost 1,500 people), bringing the overall NFI assistance to over 6,700 floods-affected people (850 households).

    • As of 24 July, according to data collected through the scaling up (80% from ITP and 78% from OTP), a total of 174,761 under-5 children suffering from SAM have been admitted to the health centers.

    Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

    A number of simultaneous crises continue to have a major impact on the humanitarian situation in Niger during the first semester of 2016. This includes: displacement caused by insecurity, and increased attacks; as well as outbreaks and epidemics of measles.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan, Uganda

    Highlights

    • Phase III scale-up in full swing in Northern Bahr el Ghazal

      • WFP and UNHCR to sign a MOU for cash-based transfers in the Makpandu refugee camp
      • Lengthy tax exemption processes hamper road deliveries of life-saving nutrition commodities from Kenya and Uganda.

    Highlights

    • Approximately 189,000 beneficiaries have received life-saving food assistance in Northern Bahr el Ghazal since early August.

    • WFP and its partners plan to respond to the immediate food and nutrition needs of some 840,000 beneficiaries during this third phase of the scale-up. Over 1,900 mt have been airdropped in NBEG. Meanwhile, WFP and UNICEF are working to ensure effective treatment of severe and moderately acute malnutrition cases. WFP is also coordinating with cluster leads for a strengthened multi-sector intervention.

    • In coordination with the UNHCR, WFP will introduce cash-based transfers in the Makpandu refugee camp (Western Equatoria state), which would essentially shift the general food distributions modality from in-kind to vouchers. The strategic introduction of CBT will allow for greater choice for beneficiaries while stimulating trade in local markets. Refugees from the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic have been in the area since 2008/9. Since then, basic social amenities and infrastructures have been established that benefit both refugees and host communities. The Makpandu refugee camp is host to some 4,000 refugees.

    • Despite the resumption of dispatches by road from the Southern Corridor (ex-Kenya and Uganda), the lack of tax exemptions has left 27 trucks unable to cross the Nimule entry border. For one month now, WFP has been doing all means necessary to secure the tax exemption. The trucks are loaded with ready-to-use supplementary foods to help mitigate acute malnutrition.


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    Source: Enough Project
    Country: South Sudan

    Posted by Brian Adeba

    On August 26, 2015, the parties to the conflict in South Sudan signed a peace agreement. However, the first anniversary of the Agreement for the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan finds the pact in a state of inertia as key planks remain unimplemented. Although it was continuously violated by the government and the armed opposition in the past year, the pact still held. The return of the SPLM-IO to Juba and the subsequent formation of the transitional government in April increased hopes that the government and the armed opposition were set on turning a new page.

    However, these hopes were dashed when a firefight between both parties erupted at the presidential palace in July. An attack on Riek’s Machar’s residence by government forces forced him to flee the capital Juba, marking a new low for the agreement as a key plank of the security arrangements collapsed.

    Following Machar’s exit, increased fighting between the government and the SPLM-IO ensued in several jurisdictions in the states of Unity, Jongolei, Central Equatoria, and Upper Nile. Machar’s exit created a power vacuum in the SPLM-IO. A faction in the SPLM-IO in Juba then moved to select Taban Deng, former chief negotiator for the SPLM-IO, to replace Machar. President Salva Kiir promptly swore in Deng as First Vice President. Machar and his followers have termed Deng’s selection illegal. Subsequently, Machar issued a statement dismissing Deng from the SPLM-IO, although the latter remains the de facto first vice president.

    Meanwhile, the humanitarian situation in the country continues to worsen. Nearly 5.1 million people need relief assistance and 2 million people have been displaced by the fighting. About 50,000 South Sudanese have fled to Darfur seeking safety. According to the UN, the general food situation outlook for 2016 “remains dire.” Aid workers have also faced increased threats to their personal security and their movement has been greatly hampered by actors in the conflict.

    The economic backdrop to the agreement’s first anniversary is grim. Inflation in the country stands at 661 percent and foreign currency reserves are dwindling considerably. The South Sudanese pound has lost 90 percent of its value, amidst plunging oil prices, which aren’t generating the much-needed revenue to offset an increasing deficit that is expected to reach 1.1 billion dollars in this fiscal year.

    The UN Security Council has since authorized the sending of 4,000 troops to keep the peace in South Sudan. Machar has conditioned his return on the presence of this peace-keeping force in the capital Juba. Taban Deng has in the past stated that he is willing to step down once Machar returns to Juba. Subsequent utterances by Deng, however, have cast a cloud of doubt over this promise. Last week, after nearly a month on the run, Machar resurfaced in the Democratic Republic of Congo. He has since been reported to be in the Sudanese capital, Khartoum.

    Although the 4,000-strong peace-keeping force, which will supplement the presence of over 12,000 UN troops in South Sudan, is yet to set foot in Juba, it’s eventual presence holds the potential to bring the peace agreement back on track.


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    Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
    Country: South Sudan


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Par Alexandre Brecher

    En recueillant trois jeunes filles déplacées à la suite de l’attaque de leur village par Boko Haram, François Sakotai ne se doutait pas que ce geste généreux serait à l’origine d’un miracle : la réunion d’une mère avec ses enfants.

    DZAWANDAI, Cameroun, 25 août 2016 – Lorsqu’on lui demande son âge, François Sakotai se contente de sourire. « Je ne sais pas, répond-il, 70 ans, 80 peut-être ? Tout ce que je sais, c’est que je suis vieux. Je suis vieux et j’étais seul, jusqu’à ce qu’Élisabeth, Delphine et Waibai arrivent chez moi. »

    Revenons au printemps 2015. La région de l’Extrême-Nord subit régulièrement les violentes attaques des troupes de Boko Haram. « Mais elles ne sont jamais parvenues jusqu’ici, à Dzawandai, » explique François. « Certains villages avoisinants n’ont pas eu cette chance. » Pointant du doigt la route sinueuse, François se rappelle. « Deux des quatre villages qui bordent la route ont été attaqués, brûlés et des gens ont été tués. »

    Au moins 2,6 millions de personnes ont été déracinées en raison du conflit, dont 1,4 million d’enfants.

    Lire le rapport : Children on the Move, Children left Behind, Uprooted or Trapped by Boko Haram

    Où sont mes enfants ?

    Les troupes de Boko Haram ont également pris d’assaut le village de Shogulè, où vivait Rosalie Tawasa avec son mari et leurs cinq enfants. Rosalie faisait ses courses au marché, son bébé dans le dos, lorsque son village a été attaqué.

    « J’ai entendu une bruyante explosion dans le village, puis des coups de feu », se souvient-elle. Son mari était parti travailler dans les champs, pendant que ses trois filles et le plus âgé de ses fils étaient restés seuls à la maison. « Je me suis précipitée chez moi pour aller chercher mes enfants, mais lorsque je suis arrivée, la maison était vide. Ils étaient partis. »

    Rosalie s’est mise à rechercher désespérément ses enfants ; en vain, ils avaient disparu. « Je tremblais de tous mes membres. J’ai parcouru toutes les routes, tous les chemins, en demandant à chaque enfant que je rencontrais : as-tu vu mes enfants ? Où sont-ils allés ? »

    Protéger mes sœurs à tout prix

    « Nous avons entendu des coups de feu, mais je ne comprenais pas ce qui se passait. J’avais entendu parler de Boko Haram, mais je ne savais pas que c’était eux », raconte Élisabeth, la fille aînée de Rosalie, âgée de dix ans. Les trois sœurs se sont cachées en se plaquant contre le sol de la maison ; leur frère Alexis, qui jouait dans le quartier, a disparu.

    Dehors, tout le monde fuyait et les trois sœurs ont décidé d’en faire autant en allant se réfugier dans les bois. « Pendant les jours qui ont suivi, la forêt est devenu notre refuge », se souvient Élisabeth. « Le plus dur, c’était de ne pas savoir où étaient nos parents ; je devais protéger mes sœurs et moi-même. »

    Le premier miracle

    Les trois jeunes filles, épuisées et terrifiées, sont arrivées devant la ferme de François. « Elles étaient affamées. Je leur ai donné de l’eau, de la nourriture et leur ai demandé où étaient leurs parents. Elles m’ont raconté ce qui s’était passé et je leur ai proposé de rester chez moi jusqu’à ce qu’elles retrouvent leurs parents. »

    Pendant que les trois sœurs étaient en sécurité chez François, Rosalie continuait à chercher ses enfants. Elle ne se rappelle pas combien de jours ou de semaines se sont ainsi écoulés, mais elle a continué à chercher. Un jour, ses recherches l’ont conduite à Dzawandai. Elle a demandé au chef du village s’il avait entendu parler d’enfants déplacés et celui-ci l’a immédiatement emmenée chez François.

    Les mois ont succédé aux semaines, sans que Rosalie ne cesse de s’inquiéter pour Alexis. Un an plus tard, alors qu’elle s’était rendue au marché dans la ville voisine de Mokolo, Rosalie remarqua un garçon qui ressemblait à son fils. Le garçon, qui lui aussi l’avait vue, se précipita immédiatement dans ses bras. Alexis avait passé l’année écoulée avec une famille qui l’avait recueilli.

    Du temps pour panser les blessures

    Un grand nombre de personnes déplacées ont trouvé refuge dans l’Extrême-Nord du Cameroun. Dans cette région, l’UNICEF et ses partenaires sont présents dans 31 villages et travaillent également avec le camp de réfugiés de Minawao pour fournir un environnement sûr aux enfants victimes du conflit, les mettre à l’abri des risques et protéger leurs droits.

    Bien que Rosalie et ses enfants soient maintenant réunis, il leur faudra du temps pour se remettre. Grâce au soutien de l’UNICEF et d’une association locale, ALDEPA , Élisabeth, Delphine, Waibai et Alexis peuvent participer à des activités récréatives et éducatives avec d’autres enfants déplacés et réfugiés.

    Deux cents animateurs d’ALDEPA sont déployés dans la région de l’Extrême-Nord pour jouer avec les enfants, organiser des activités éducatives et rendre visite aux familles. Ces interventions ont pour but d’aider les enfants à reprendre une vie normale tout en les aidant à se remettre des violences dont ils ont été témoins, et de les préparer à rentrer à l’école.

    L’UNICEF travaille également avec d’autres acteurs essentiels (le gouvernement, le Haut Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, le Comité international de la Croix-Rouge et la Croix-Rouge du Cameroun) pour identifier les garçons et filles seuls, séparés de leurs parents, et rassembler les informations qui permettront de retrouver leur trace. Ces efforts facilitent le regroupement familial et la réintégration des enfants seuls dans leur famille.

    Ma maison est la leur

    « Pour moi, offrir refuge aux enfants était naturel, de même qu’accueillir aujourd’hui Rosalie et son fils », affirme François. « Pour moi, un être humain est un être humain. S’ils décident de partir un jour, ce sera leur propre choix, mais s’ils décident de rester, ma maison leur appartiendra après ma mort. À présent, ce sont eux ma famille. »

    Leur nouvelle vie à la ferme s’écoulera entre récoltes et saisons sèches. C’est un nouveau départ. Cependant, Rosalie se demande toujours si son mari reviendra un jour.

    « Je ne perds pas espoir », assure-t-elle. « Dieu m’a aidée à retrouver mes enfants, peut-être qu’un jour il m’aidera à retrouver mon mari ».

    Y aura-t-il un autre miracle à Dzawandai ?


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, Government of Nigeria
    Country: Nigeria

    Preamble

    As early as March 2016 it was clear that a humanitarian food and nutritional crisis was looming in Borno. Following meetings with His Excellency, Governor Kashim Shettima and the World Food Programme Executive Director, the alarm about a growing food crisis was sounded at the inaugural Rebuild Borno meeting in April 2016. Despite this, denial endured in certain quarters even as conditions deteriorated on the ground. Much work was ongoing behind the scenes by AOA with local and international donor agencies leading up to the 27th June 2016 meeting. Towards the end of June crisis point was reached, and the roundtable was convened within 48 hours by Dr. Alakija in response to the urgency of the situation.

    Successful military action had led to a spike in levels of malnutrition being recorded as former captives’ condition became apparent since being liberated from Boko Haram. The rate of malnutrition in Dikwa IDP camp, where team AOA visited in May and expressed the alarm at the conditions there, is actually double that of Bama which has been in the news recently. With rains coming and the lean season upon us, people’s plight has worsened still. A concerted effort is being made but still more needs to be done. The response must be Nigeria “owned and led” and the world will rally round.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | dimanche 28/08/2016 - 14:15 GMT

    Cinq personnes ont péri samedi dans la région de Mopti, dans le centre du Mali lors d'affrontements entre éleveurs appartenant à la minorité peule et agriculteurs, a appris dimanche l'AFP de sources concordantes.

    "Cinq personnes ont été tuées samedi dans le cercle de Ténenkou lors d'un nouveau conflit entre éleveurs et agriculteurs. La tension est toujours vive sur place", a déclaré à l'AFP un élu de la localité.

    Dans un communiqué, le gouvernement affirme qu'"à la suite des tragiques événements" intervenus samedi dans cette zone, qui ont "fait 5 morts et 7 blessés, le Premier ministre Modibo Keïta a réuni, outre les ministres concernés, des députés et des personnes ressources".

    Sans nommément citer les protagonistes, le communiqué affirme que le chef du gouvernement a donné ordre d'"interposer les forces de défense et de sécurité pour éviter de nouveaux affrontements", et demandé l'ouverture d'une "enquête judiciaire pour identifier et interpeller toutes les personnes impliquées dans ces actes de violences".

    Il s'est également engagé à envoyer dès que possible une délégation sur place.

    Le président de Tabital Pulaaku, principale association de la communauté peule au Mali, Abdoul Aziz Diallo, a affirmé à l'AFP que l'affaire avait commencé par un vol de bétail.

    "Un important nombre d'animaux ont été volés. Les propriétaires sont allés chercher leur bétail et ils sont tombés dans une embuscade et il y a eu des affrontements. Cinq personnes ont été tuées et sept autres blessées", a indiqué M. Diallo.

    "Pour nous, c'est le gouvernement malien qui ne prend pas ses responsabilités en désarmant les groupes armés qui tuent dans la région de Mopti à cause du bétail", a-t-il ajouté.

    Selon une source policière contactée dans la région, six personnes blessées lors de ces affrontements ont été transférées vers le sud pour "des soins appropriés".

    En avril-mai, au moins une trentaine de civils, dont bon nombre de Peuls, avaient été tués dans des violences entre membres de cette communauté et Bambaras, la principale ethnie du pays.

    Le nord du Mali est tombé en mars-avril 2012 sous la coupe de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda. Les jihadistes en ont été en grande partie chassés à la suite du lancement en 2013, à l'initiative de la France, d'une intervention militaire internationale, qui se poursuit actuellement.

    Mais des zones entières échappent encore au contrôle des forces maliennes et étrangères, malgré la signature en mai-juin 2015 d'un accord de paix censé isoler définitivement les jihadistes. Longtemps concentrées dans le Nord, les attaques jihadistes se sont étendues à partir de 2015 vers le centre, puis le sud du pays.

    sd/sst/dom

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | Sunday 8/28/2016 - 15:24 GMT

    Five civilians were killed and seven injured in clashes in central Mali between farmers and minority ethnic Fulani cattle herders, regional officials said on Sunday.

    Mali's government said in a statement that it had deployed security forces to the region to prevent further clashes without blaming any groups for the violence, which took place on Saturday.

    It called for an investigation to determine the culprits and said a government delegation was preparing to visit the site of the incident.

    Herdsmen are often armed to protect themselves from attacks by cattle rustlers, and they sometimes stage deadly reprisals against the towns where the thieves are from.

    Abdoul Aziz Diallo, president of the Tabital Pulaaku community group which represents Mali's Fulani community, told AFP the incident began after a number of animals were stolen.

    "A significant number of animals were stolen. The owners of the animals went to look for their livestock and they fell into an ambush and there were clashes. Five people were killed and seven others were injured," he said.

    "For us, the Malian government is not taking responsibility and disarming these groups who are killing over livestock in the region of Mopti."

    Six of the wounded were taken south for treatment, a police source said.

    "Five people were killed Saturday in the region of Mopti, in central Mali, following clashes between cattle raisers belonging to the Peul (Fulani) minority and farmers. Tensions remain high in the area," an elected representative from the region told AFP.

    Between April and May, at least thirty civilians -- including a number of Fulani -- were killed in violence between the group and members of the majority Bambara people.

    sd/sst/gw/hmw

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Al Jazeera
    Country: Nigeria

    Nigerian authorities encourage Maiduguri residents to revive cultural traditions suppressed by Boko Haram.

    A year after the retreat of Boko Haram fighters, music and dance are making a comeback in the Nigerian state of Borno.

    Maiduguri, the largest city in the north-eastern state, was a frequent target of the armed group's attacks.

    Read the full article here


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    Source: Reuters - AlertNet
    Country: Nigeria

    "If they do not want to talk to us directly, let them pick an internationally recognised non-governmental organisation," Nigeria's president says

    ABUJA, Aug 28 (Reuters) - Nigeria would let Boko Haram choose a non-profit organisation as an intermediary in any talks on the release of about 200 schoolgirls kidnapped from the northeastern village of Chibok in 2014, President Muhammadu Buhari said on Sunday.

    Read the full story here


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    Source: Inter Press Service
    Country: Cameroon

    By Mbom Sixtus

    KONYE, Cameroon, Aug 28 2016 (IPS)- Tanchenow Daniel fears he will lose more than half a tonne of his cocoa yield during the next harvest at the end of this month.

    He usually harvests no less than 1.5 tonnes of cocoa beans during the mid-crop season, but he says every farmer in the Manyu Division of Cameroon’s South West Region is witnessing a catastrophe this year because of a prolonged dry season.

    “The effects of droughts were worse this year because people had been ignorantly cutting down trees which provided shade to cocoa. Many trees have been dried up this year while bush fires dealt us a heavy blow,” Tanchenow told IPS, adding that though he is a victim, others have it even worse, including a friend who lost an entire farm of five hectares.

    Adding insult to injury, prices fell in August, ranging from 1,000 CFA francs (1.72 dollars) per kg of cocoa to 1,200 CFA francs – down from prices as high as 1,700 CFA in July – with producers saying buying was delayed because of the drought.

    Chief Orock Mbi of Meme division in Cameroon’s South West region tells IPS that he and other cocoa growers in the division also witnessed “a drastic drop” in cocoa yields in the past few months. He hopes for new methods to protect this key crop from the effects of climate change.

    The South West Region of Cameroon is among the major cocoa-producing regions of Cameroon, along with the Center, East and South regions.

    Data from the National Cocoa and Coffee Board suggests the drop in cocoa production was nationwide. The data indicates 7,610 tonnes of cocoa were exported in March. In April, the country exported 5,780 tonnes and the figure further dropped to 3,205 tonnes by the end of June.

    Farmers pin hopes on cooperatives, new varieties

    Cameroon is the world’s fifth-largest producer of cocoa. It has exported 239.7 million kgs this year of which 97 percent was grade II, according to statistics published on Aug. 3 by the Cocoa and Coffee Board.

    The country’s minister of trade believes for this position to be maintained, farmers burdened by the undesirable effects of climate change must join cooperative unions. It is through these cooperative societies that government distributes farm inputs such as pesticides and improved variety seeds to smallholder farmers.

    Trade Minister Luc Magloire Mbarga Atangana addressed hundreds of farmers in Konye municipality on Aug. 3 as he launched the 2016/2017 cocoa marketing season.

    He told the farmers in Cameroon’s third-largest cocoa producing locality that cooperative unions would help to constantly improve on the quality of their cocoa and protect them from deceitful cross-border buyers from neighbouring countries that pay them less than the worth of their produce.

    Clementine Ananga Messina, Deputy Minister in charge of Rural Development in the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, says cooperatives would help farmers make the best of aid offered in their localities, boost their bargaining power and improve gains for the six million Cameroonians who depend on the cocoa sector for a living.

    Besides distribution, cooperatives sensitise farmers on the use of new varieties and techniques.

    Zachy Asek Ojong, manager of the Konye Area Farmers Cooperative, tells IPS they have provided immense support to local members. “Farmers can attest to the assistance they have had from the cooperative society,” says Ojong.

    Esapa, president of South West Farmers’ Cooperative, says “cocoa farmers have never really witnessed the effects of climate change until this year. So now we are beginning to work with common initiative groups in sensitising farmers, especially cocoa and coffee growers.”

    He tells IPS the cooperative is now, among other things, advising farmers who had cut down trees to replant them in order to shade their cocoa and coffee farms. “The sunshine this year was so wild that people who set fires on their farms ended up burning many other farms around them. We are reinforcing campaigns against bush fires,” he said.

    Tanchenow says he has planted 4,000 cocoa trees of a new variety commonly called “Barombi,” a name coined from an organisation that introduced the variety in the division. He says that two years in, yields are better and “Barombi is the hope for our cocoa’s future.”

    However, he does not trust cooperative societies and calls them unreliable and tainted by favoritism.

    “People in my area who depended on them for pesticides were shocked to find out selected individuals were called up by a different organisation to receive farm inputs from the agriculture ministry,” Tanchenow complained.

    Farmers fall ever deeper in debt

    The National Cocoa and Coffee Board says Cameroon’s cocoa was exported to eight countries, including the Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy and Spain – with the Netherlands alone importing 76.30 percent.

    Still, farmers in Konye live without roads and electricity and depend on solar energy and firewood for drying and processing their cocoa. Some of them prefer to hang onto old ways of financing and sales despite the advantages of adhering to cooperatives.

    Edward Ekoko Bokoba tells IPS that many farmers still prefer “pledging” their farms as means of financing, while others operate outside the major buyers of cocoa.

    “Climate change is impacting pledging negatively, but some farmers seem to trust the system more than the micro-loans from the cooperatives,” he says.

    “Pledging” is a system where farmers sign agreements with individuals who pay for farm inputs or lend them money. At the end of the harvest and sales, the funder’s money is reimbursed with an agreed quantity of cocoa or cash in interest.

    Bokoba, who currently is expecting profits from a “pledge,” says when the dry season is prolonged or when the weather is distorted, as was the case this year, farmers are forced to borrow more money and may end up handing over all their harvest to creditors. Some creditors are cocoa merchants who claim exclusive rights to purchase all their debtor’s cocoa and by so doing, dictate the price.

    Another farmer, Ako Kingsley Tanyi, says though government is condemning sales of cocoa to trans-border buyers, some farmers prefer to sell their cocoa to Nigerian buyers who pay better prices. “Cocoa sold to Nigerians does not go through the Douala seaport and government does not have the figures,” he explains.

    The performance of Cameroon’s cocoa has been as unstable as weather conditions in recent years. And the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) forecasted in 2011 that climate change will lead to a global slump in cocoa production by the year 2030.

    Many hope that relief might be forthcoming from the United Nations Green Climate Fund, which is supposed to raise 100 billion dollars per year by 2020 to assist developing countries in climate change adaptation and mitigation once their country-based COP21 plans have been fine-tuned.

    CIAT, whose mission is to reduce hunger and poverty, and improve human nutrition in the tropics, says the coffee and cocoa sectors could be the first to benefit from this fund.

    In the same optimistic regard, Cameroon’s trade minister holds that government’s target to export 600,000 tonnes by 2020 would be met.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Chad, Ethiopia, Mali, South Sudan

    Chad reports 5 cases while insecurity in South Sudan limits full access to endemic areas

    19 August 2016¦ Geneva 

    The World Health Organization (WHO) has received reports of 5 confirmed human cases of dracunculiasis (guinea-worm disease) from Chad – the highest number reported so far this year by a single country endemic for the disease.

    Furthermore, Chad has reported a total of 769 infections in dogs since January 2016. This sizeable increase from the 419 cases reported for the corresponding period in 2015 is largely attributed to increased surveillance and the introduction since early 2015 of a cash reward of about US$ 20 for reporting infections in dogs.

    “The Programme is investigating the dynamics of transmission in dogs” said Dr Dieudonné Sankara, Team Leader of WHO’s Dracunculiasis Eradication unit._“While waiting for conclusive results, temephos is being regularly used to kill copepods in ponds and other water bodies to minimize risks of transmission. The Programme has also initiated research to determine the behaviour of dogs by tracking their movements through GPS and by analysing aquatic animals to verify if they are a source of infection or whether transmission is attributable to drinking unsafe water, or both.”_

    Besides increased surveillance, other measures in Chad include community sensitization and awareness creation, which include promoting the tethering of dogs to prevent contamination of water bodies.

    Insecurity: South Sudan

    In South Sudan, a country already affected by mass population displacement and civil unrest, 4 human cases have been reported from Udici Payam Jur River County in Western Bahr el Ghazal State (3 cases) and Tonj East County in Warrap State (1 case).

    Despite safety concerns, the South Sudan Guinea-Worm Eradication Programme (SSGWEP) is working hard to maintain surveillance in almost all endemic villages and ensure containment measures (including application of temephos, distribution of filter mesh, promoting health education and increasing awareness about the cash reward). As a result, Kapoeta East County in Eastern Equatoria State, the most affected county in previous years, has reported zero cases to date in 2016.

    “We laud the bravery of the SSGWEP in carrying out surveillance and other field activities” said Dr Sankara._ “We hope the current unrest and fighting will end in order to improve the remarkable gains and momentum achieved over the past few years.”_

    The recent escalation of conflict in South Sudan has forced many people to flee, including the evacuation of health workers. Many displaced people do not have access to adequate shelter while the ongoing rainy season is increasing the risk of water-borne diseases and of dracunculiasis transmission in endemic areas. With more than 1.6 million people displaced internally, and the decreasing availability of health workers and aid workers, work on the ground is becoming ever more challenging. Despite this situation, the SSGWP investigated 3568 rumours of dracunculiasis cases from January to May 2016.

    Ethiopia: low-level transmission

    In Ethiopia, low-level transmission has continued in the Gambella Region where 2 human cases have been reported so far this year. Infection has also been confirmed in 3 dogs and 1 baboon.

    The Ethiopian Dracunculiasis Eradication Programme (EDEP) has recently reorganized its activities in the Gambella and Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Region (SNNPR). The national coordination team comprises several staff and operates out of a new office with a fulltime hotline operator to respond to rumours from different parts of the country. Any person reporting a confirmed human case is entitled to a cash reward of US$100 equivalent. The EDEP has investigated 1263 rumours in the past 7 months.

    Mali reports zero cases

    Mali, the fourth country where the disease remains endemic, has reported zero human cases since January 2016.

    However, 3 infected dogs were reported in the Fangasso area of Segou Region. From January to July 2016 around 135 rumours in humans were reported and investigated.


    1 Larvicide that kills water fleas carrying dracunculiasis larvae.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Algeria, Mauritania, Morocco

    28 août 2016 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, s'est dit « profondément préoccupé » par la situation tendue dans l'étroite zone tampon au sud-ouest du Sahara occidental entre la berme marocaine et la frontière mauritanienne suite à des changements dans le statu quo et à l'introduction d'unités armées du Maroc et du Polisario proches les unes des autres.

    « Le Secrétaire général appelle les deux parties à suspendre toute action qui modifie le statu quo et à retirer tous les éléments armés afin d'empêcher toute nouvelle escalade et permettre à la Mission des Nations Unies pour l'organisation d'un référendum au Sahara occidental (MINURSO) de tenir des discussions avec les deux parties sur la situation », a dit son porte-parole dimanche soir dans une déclaration à la presse.

    M. Ban a également souligné l'importance pour les deux parties de respecter leurs obligations conformément à l'Accord militaire numéro 1, ainsi que la nécessité de respecter l'esprit et la lettre de l'accord de cessez-le-feu.

    Le 29 avril dernier, le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU avait prorogé d'un an, jusqu'au 30 avril 2017, le mandat de la MINURSO et avait jugé urgent que la Mission puisse de nouveau exercer pleinement ses fonctions. Le Conseil avait alors réaffirmé sa volonté d'aider les parties à parvenir à une solution politique « juste, durable et mutuellement acceptable qui permette l'autodétermination du peuple du Sahara occidental ».

    Situé sur la côte nord-ouest de l'Afrique, le Sahara occidental est bordé par le Maroc, la Mauritanie et l'Algérie. Suite à la fin de l'administration coloniale espagnole du Sahara occidental en 1976, des combats ont éclaté entre le Maroc et le Front Polisario. Un cessez-le feu a été signé en septembre 1991. La MINURSO a été déployée cette même année pour surveiller le cessez-le-feu entre le gouvernement du Maroc et le Front Polisario et organiser, un référendum sur l'autodétermination au Sahara occidental avec l'accord des deux parties.


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