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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria, World

    Dakar, Sénégal | AFP | samedi 04/06/2016 - 18:58 GMT

    L'Afrique de l'Ouest devrait "réfléchir davantage" à la création d'une force régionale antiterroriste, a estimé samedi le président de la commission de la Communauté économique des Etats d'Afrique de l'Ouest (Cédéao), dont les 15 pays membres tiennent sommet à Dakar.

    Plusieurs pays d'Afrique de l'Ouest, jusqu'ici épargnés par le terrorisme, ont connu l'an dernier une série d'attentats meurtriers, tandis que le groupe islamiste Boko Haram, actif depuis 2009 au Nigeria, a étendu ses exactions aux pays frontaliers. En sept ans de violences, il aurait fait plus de 20.000 morts et 2,6 millions de déplacés.

    "La multiplication des nombreux foyers de terrorisme dans notre espace nous oblige à partager les informations sur leurs activités, à communiquer, coordonner et harmoniser nos efforts, travailler notre synergie et mobiliser nos ressources pour y faire face", a déclaré le Béninois Marcel Alain de Souza, cité par l'agence de presse sénégalaise APS.

    "Cela nous pousse naturellement à réfléchir davantage sur la constitution d'une force régionale d'intervention contre le terrorisme", a-t-il ajouté.

    Cette déclaration est intervenue peu après l'annonce d'un nouvel assaut de Boko Haram au Niger: le groupe aurait tué plus d'une trentaine de soldats à Bosso, une localité proche de la frontière avec le Nigeria. Selon le ministère nigérien de la Défense, cette attaque intervient alors que la Force multinationale mixte (Nigeria, Niger, Tchad, Bénin et Cameroun) s'apprête à lancer une offensive "décisive" contre Boko Haram dans la région du lac Tchad.

    "Les attaques au nord Mali, à Bamako, à Ouagadougou et à Grand Bassam montrent clairement que la menace terroriste reste une source de préoccupation pour notre sous-région", a renchéri le chef d'Etat sénégalais Macky Sall, président en exercice de la Cédéao.

    Il a tenu cependant à "lever tout amalgame" entre Etats musulmans et terrorisme: "il n'y a aucun Etat islamique en Afrique de l'Ouest correspondant aux visées terroristes de Boko Haram", a-t-il dit. "Boko Haram reste Boko Haram. Et l'islam n’a rien à voir avec le terrorisme et sa folie meurtrière."

    Autre sujet sensible abordé durant le sommet: la crise politique que traverse la Guinée-Bissau depuis la destitution le 12 mai du Premier ministre Carlos Correia par le président José Mario Vaz. La nomination le 26 mai par le chef de l'Etat de Baciro Dja à la tête du gouvernement mécontente le parti au pouvoir, PAIGC.

    Comme attendu, les chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement de la Cédéao ont ensuite désigné Ellen Johnson Sirleaf pour succéder à M. Sall à la tête de l'organisation. Elle la présidera durant un an, année qui devrait également être sa dernière à la tête du Liberia.

    jom/dom

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: International Organization for Migration, CCCM Cluster
    Country: South Sudan, Sudan

    Since the beginning of May 2016, there has been an increased movement of people from Abyei into Sudan. This freedom of movement is a result of a recent inter-community peace agreement between the Dinka Ngok and Miseriyah, which has improved relation between the two communities and allowed cross border trade to resume. IOM has set up a flow monitoring system at the departure point in Noong Market to monitor, track and record daily movements of people to and from Sudan. Since April 30, 977 households have left to Sudan. The majority of the population is from the Dinka Ngok community from Abyei and Twic with a small number from Warrap and Mayom county in Unity State. The majority of the population is going to Khartoum, reportedly to visit family, seek medical care, or better educational opportunities for their children.

    Over 52,000 South Sudanese have crossed the border to Sudan since the beginning of 2016, mainly going into East Darfur state. Food insecurity is reportedly the main factor for the movements.


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  • 06/04/16--12:29: Mali: Activités du Cluster
  • Source: Croix-Rouge Malienne, Health Cluster
    Country: Mali

    Réunion sur le HNO 2016 du Cluster Santé

    Le jeudi 22 octobre 2015, s’est tenue à l’OMS, une réunion du cluster santé présidée par le Coordinateur du cluster. Elle avait pour but :

    – La finalisation des axes d’intervention et des activités pour 2016 ;

    – Le calendrier d’élaboration des projets ;

    – La désignation du Colead du cluster santé

    A. La finalisation des axes d’intervention et des activités pour 2016

    La méthodologie de travail de ce volet a consisté à présenter les axes prioritaires, puis analyser les activités par axe prioritaire.

    a. Les principaux axes prioritaires retenus :

    Amélioration de l’accès aux soins ;

    L’amélioration du système de préparation de riposte aux épidémies et catastrophes ;

    Renforcement du système d’information sanitaire ;

    Analyse du risque de vulnérabilité ;

    Lutte contre la Malnutrition Aigüe Sévère ;

    Renforcement de la coordination.

    b. Les activités par axes prioritaires :

    Axe 1 : Amélioration de l’accès aux soins :

    les activités ont été organisées par ni-veau à savoir: au sein des communautés, au niveau des CSCOM et au niveau CSRéf.

    Axe 2 : L’amélioration du système de préparation de riposte aux épidémies et catastrophes: Une activité a été proposée. Il s’agit de la mise en place des équipes d’intervention rapide ;

    Axe 3 : Renforcement du système d’information sanitaire:

    Une information a été donnée par IMC sur la mise en place d’un système d’information et de surveillance en collaboration avec CDC. Par ailleurs, des propositions d’activités supplémentaires ont été faites telles que : la supervision des agents et la formation du personnel.

    Axe 4 : Analyse du risque de vulnérabilité:

    Des propositions d’activités supplémentaires ont été faites telles que l’harmonisation des outils ; l’organisation d’enquête d’évaluation multirisque ; l’établissement de la cartographie du risque etc.

    Axe 5 : Lutte contre la Malnutrition Aigüe Sévère (MAS):

    Cet axe précédemment intitulé « Insécurité alimentaire et malnutrition aigüe sévère » a été reformulé « lutte contre la malnu-trition aigüe sévère » car le volet sécurité alimentaire ne relève pas du cluster santé.

    Axe 6 : Renforcement de la coordination:

    Deux activités complémentaires ont été ajoutées à ce volet. Il s’agit de la redynamiser des sous clusters régionaux et de la produire des bulletins d’information du cluster.

    B. Calendrier d’élaboration des projets:

    La période pour la finalisation et la mise en ligne des projets est prévue du 26 au31 octobre 2015. Compte tenu du délai très court, la prochaine réunion a été programmée pour le mercredi 28 octobre 2015 à 9 heures dans la salle de réunion de l’OMS. Elle aura à examiner et valider les projets à mettre en ligne sur OPS. Les échéances du processus HNO/HRP se déclinent comme suit: la mise en ligne des projets du 26 au 31 octobre 2015 ; l’approbation des projets par les clusters du 1er au 4 no-vembre 2015 ; l’approbation finale du HRP par le EHP et le HC le 6 novembre 2015 et la transmission du HRP au siège le 7 novembre 2015.

    C. Désignation du Co-lead du cluster:

    La fonction de Co-lead était assurée par Médecin Du Monde Belgique (MDM-B). Cependant il a été constaté une défection de cette ONG depuis un certain temps. La question a été soulevée pour trouver la stratégie adéquate pour remotiver l’ONG ou désigner un nouveau co-lead du cluster.

    Atelier de formation sur le processus de mise en ligne des projets

    Expliquer le processus de mise en ligne des projets sur OPS, tel était l’objectif de l’atelier de formation d’une journée qui s’est tenu dans la salle de conférence de l’OMS sous la présidence du Coordinateur du cluster santé, Dr Yao Théodore. C’était en pré-sence des agences du système des Nations Unies et des ONG nationales et internationales présentes au Mali dans le cadre la réponse humanitaire. Ainsi, pour les besoins de la formation, deux liens ont été pré-sentés à savoir : http://ops.oncho.org utilisé pour le postage des vrais projets des partenaires et http://stg-ops.oncho.org utilisé pour les besoin de formation.

    Pour la création d’un compte, il faut préciser le nom, le prénom, l’adresse e-mail et son mot de passe puis le mot de passe OPS qui doit comporter 4 majuscules, 4 minuscules et 4 caractères spéciaux prédéfinis. Auparavant les activités, les indicateurs et les cibles devraient être définis. A noter que la mise en ligne des projets est prévue du 28 au 31 octobre et la validation du 1er au 3 novembre 2015. La formation a été assurée par OCHA

    Activités des ONG:

    MSF France: travaille toujours sur 2 projets:

    A Tombouctou: MSF appui l’hôpital régional à travers les services de pédiatrie (qui inclut un Ureni), médecine interne, chirurgie, urgences et soins intensifs, maternité, gynécologie et néonatalogie. l’ONG dispose d’un chirurgien, d’un anesthé-siste et d’un gynéco obstétricien ainsi que des équipes complètes de personnels soignants ( infirmiers, aide-soignant, agents d’entretien) pour la prise en charge des patients. En septembre 2015, un total de 454 admissions ont été faites à l’hôpital:de paludisme, 22 césariennes, 76 passages au bloc opératoire, 262 CPN.

    L’ONG, soutient 3 CScoms, (Tin telout, Agouni et Nipkit ) à travers l’accès gratuit aux soins de santé primaires.

    A Koutiala : MSF a un projet de prise en charge pédiatrique des enfants de 0 – 5 ans au sein du CSRef qui a une capacité de plus de 300 lits, d’un laboratoire de bactériologie et d’une banque de sang. En septembre 2015, 1800 enfants ont été vu au service des urgences dont 1450 cas hospitalisations dont 733 cas de paludisme sévère. Aussi, 196 353 enfants de moins de 59 mois ont reçu la CPS au compte du deuxième passage 2015.

    International Medical Corps IMC

    Ebola: Avec un financement de ECHO, USAID/OFDA et de l’Agence Fédérale Allemande pour les affaires étrangères (GFFO), l’Equipe-cadre de formateurs au Mali et les équipes de réponse Rapide (ERR) de International Medical Corps ont réalisé la formation des formateurs (FdF) pour le personnel des Directions Régionales de la Santé (DRS), les membres du Conseil des Médecins Libéraux du Mali, le personnel du Centre de Traitement Ebola (CTE) du Centre National d’Appui à laphoto003 lutte contre la Maladie (CNAM) , les agents des ONG de l’Organisation Mondiale pour les Migrations (OMI), ACF et ACTED dans toutes les régions ciblées (Bamako, Sikasso et Sé-gou)

    La formation a également concerné le personnel médical et non médical des établissements publics et privés de santé dans les municipalités 2, 3, 4 et 6 du District de Bamako, et 10 districts de la région de Sikasso et 8 districts de la région de Ségou.

    L’ensemble des participants ont été formés sur la prévention et la gestion de la Maladie à Virus Ebola (MVE) .

    International Medical Corps Mali a trois (3) Equipes de Réponse Rapide (ERR) à Ségou, Bougouni-Sikasso et Bamako qui sont disposées et aptes à transporter les cas suspects d’Ebola vers une unité de traitement d’Ebola en collaboration avec la DRS et le Centre National d’Appui à la Lutte contre la Maladie (CNAM).

    International Medical Corps travaille en étroite collaboration avec le CNAM et le staff du DRS à Bamako, Ségou, Sikasso et à Kayes dans le cadre des formations formelles, des formations sur le tas, avec un accent sur la supervision dans les établissements privés et des établissements de santé publique à Bamako, Ségou et Sikasso.

    International Medical Corps a achevé la construction et apporter un appui à l’équipement d’un centre de formation pour la prévention et la gestion des maladies infectieuses, telles que la MVE, dans l’enceinte du CNAM à Bamako grâce à la subven-tion du Gouvernement Allemand (GFFO).

    Présentement, le centre est fonctionnel et IMC organise toutes ses formations sur ce site. International Medical Corps a construit deux incinérateurs, à l’hôpital régional de Sikasso et au Santé de Référence(CSREF)/Baraouli (Ségou)

    International Medical Corps a distribué des équipements pour le WASH et PCI par l’intermédiaire de la subvention OFDA à 20 Centres de Santé Communautaire (CSCOM) et 2 Centres de San-té de Référence (CSREF) à Ségou et Sikasso.

    International Medical Corps Mali a assuré les coûts de transport de diverses fournitures pour la prévention du virus Ebola à partir des locaux du CNAM à Bamako vers les 8 régions du Mali et également pour le District de Bamako.

    International Medical Corps appuie actuellement le Ministère de la Santé et de l’Hygiène Publique pour les soins de santé primaire de façon gratuite dans dix-sept (17) CSCOM et deux (2) CSREF dans les Districts Sanitaires (DS) de Tombouctou et de Gourma-Rharous. Les résultats de la période de Janvier 2015- Juillet 2015 se définissent comme suit:

    Soins de Santé Primaire

    Consultations curatives : 63577

    Enfants vaccinés avec PENTA3 : 1177 (couverture à 78% pour les enfants de 0-1 an)

    Formation en Surveillance de la maladie et la riposte : 19

    Nutrition

    International Medical Corps en collaboration avec le Ministère de la Santé et de l’Hygiène Publique prend en charge la mise en oeuvre d’activités communautaires sur la gestion de la Malnutrition Aiguë. Les résultats de la période de Janvier 2015 – Juillet 2015 se présentent comme suit :

    • Femmes enceintes et les femmes allaitantes (PLW) traités pour malnutrition : 671

    • Enfants de 6 à 59 mois avec la Malnutrition aiguë modérée (MAS) traités: 1619

    • Enfants de 6 à 5 mois avec la Malnutrition aiguë sévère (SAM) traités: 1,047

    • Formation de bénévoles communautaires : 200

    • Sensibilisation de la communauté: 14520

    Formation du personnel soignant du Ministère de la Santé et de l’Hygiène Publique sur le PECIMA : 38

    Violences Basées sur le Genre (VBG)

    IMC a organisé des réunions d’introduction avec plus de 170 personnes, parmi lesquelles : les leaders communautaires, les membres des ASACO, les autorités politiques et adminis-tratives sur le but et l’objectif du programme 2015

    • Nombre de nouveaux points focaux psychosociaux identi-fiés dans les nouvelles structures sanitaires: 5

    • Nombre de nouveaux bénévoles de la collectivité identi-fiés pour la diffusion de messages VBG : 200 participation à la formation sur le soutien psychosocial et rapportage sur les cas VBG: 4

    • Participation à 6 réunions de protection de groupes régio-naux et 1 séance de cluster national

    • Survivantes bénéficiant des services VBG: 9 cas dont 4 cas de viol et 5 cas de violence physique

    • 19 personnels de santé ont été formés sur les CMR à la fois dans les districts de Tombouctou et de Gourma Rharous ;

    • 18 points focaux VBG dans les deux districts de Tombouctou et Gourma Rharous ont été formés à la CMR, le soutien psychosocial et VBG IMS ;

    • 170 volontaires communautaires ont été formés sur les mécanismes d’orientation et sur les principes de services offerts aux survivants ;

    • 3 réunions ont eu lieu avec des partenaires de IMC notamment les associations à base communautaire ;

    • 4 agents VBG ont participé à la formation sur les services holistiques VBG aux survivants, et sur la violence sexuelle ;

    • 27 survivants ont reçu des services appropriés à l’appui psychosocial et médical

    150 bénévoles de la communauté ont participé à la réunion mensuelle avec des bénévoles de la communauté au niveau des quartiers

    Hygiène et Assainissement:

    IMC a donné des Kits d’hygiène pour accompagner les interventions nutritionnelles de prévention de la malnutrition dans les Districts Sanitaires de Tombouctou et de Gourma Rharous : 340 kits

    ECHOS DES REGIONS:

    Région de Gao:

    Situation sanitaire et épidémiologique:
    Maladies sous surveillance: Fièvre jaune :0 ; PFA : Ménaka : 1cas : 10ans, masc, non vacciné, prélevé et vivant (aire de Mé-naka central) ; résidence : N’gouyasse ; Rougeole : 0 ; TNN : 0 ; Ver de Guinée : 1 cas confirmé de ver de guinée chez un jeune de 17 ans à Tanzikratène (Aire de santé de Bentia, District d’ Ansongo), isolé .

    Région de Kidal:

    CONTEXTE HUMANITAIRE

    La situation humanitaire reste toujours précaire avec une couverture inéquitable des organisations humanitaires sur le ter-rain.

    Actuellement 5 organisations humanitaires travaillent dans le domaine de la santé dans la région de Kidal mais dont la ma-jorité est concentrée dans le district sanitaire de Kidal.

    SITUATION EPIDEMIOLOGIQUE :

    La recrudescence des cas de paludisme dans la région a connu un coup après la mise en oeuvre des équipes de riposte dans la région. Les centres de santés ont enregistrés moins de cas de paludisme durant cette semaine. Seulement 43 cas de palu-disme ont été notifiés en centre fixe contre 500 la semaine passée.

    Aucun cas de maladie à déclaration obligatoire n’a été signalé cette semaine. Toutes les équipes des ONG intervenant dans le domaine de la Santé sont mobilisées sur le terrain dans le cadre de la riposte contre le paludisme.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • One of the deadliest Boko Haram attacks in the Diffa region occured in Bosso town on 3 June. Another attack was registered in the village of Yebi (department of Bosso) on 31 May.

    • A new flow of population movements from Bosso and Yebi to safer areas is reported. Yet no official figure of the displaced people following the recent attacks is available.

    • The most urgent needs include: food, shelters, non food items, protection, health care as well as water and sanitation.

    • National authorities and humanitarian actors are in the process of mobilizing substantial relief assistance to assist people affected by these attacks.

    • More than 30 attacks attributed to Boko Haram have been recorded in the Diffa region since the beginning of the year.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Guinea, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, South Sudan, Togo, Uganda, World, Zambia

    This issue focuses on the ongoing Yellow fever , Ebola Virus Disease (EVD), Cholera, Zika outbreaks and the health consequences of El Niño.

    There has been re-emergence of urban Yellow Fever (YF) outbreaks in Angola that have spread to the neighboring DR Congo and some cases have been exported to China and Kenya. Another outbreak of Yellow Fever has been reported in Uganda but it is not epidemiologically linked to the Angola or DR Congo outbreaks. Instead it is linked to a YF outbreak that occurred in Northern Uganda in 2010.

    Flare-ups of the EVD outbreaks occurred in Guinea and Liberia. Following the ad-vice from the International Health Regulation (IHR) emergency committee on EVD, the WHO terminated the recommendation that made the EVD epidemic a public health emergency of international concern (PHEIC) in West Africa in accordance with IHR (2005).

    Cholera outbreaks have been the most protracted public health events (PHEs) in the period under review affecting 14 countries, with Tanzania and DR Congo being the most affected. Other major outbreaks that have been reported include: Zika Vi-rus Disease in Cape Verde; Meningitis in West Africa; Lassa Fever in Benin, Nige-ria, and Togo; and Measles in Niger and Nigeria.

    Humanitarian crises in the Central African Republic, South Sudan and Burundi that have been associated with displacement of thousands of people have resulted in major health consequences. Floods and drought related to El Nino are affecting millions of people in Eastern and Southern Africa , including: Ethiopia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Lesotho, South Africa, and Zambia. Food insecurity and sever acute mal-nutrition has significantly increased in several areas of the affected countries.

    View/download the bulletin:icon Outbreaks and Emergencies in the WHO African Region Bulletin Vol. 6 Issue 2, 30 April 2016 (1.38 MB)


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    Source: Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali

    La situation épidémiologique de cette semaine a été caractérisée par une accalmie des maladies sous surveillance.


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    Source: GOAL
    Country: South Sudan

    Date of Assessment: 12th to 16th May 2016

    Objective: To assess current situation, to establish possibility of return to Ulang, present the current position of all humanitarian actors in greater Ulang county and possibility of returning the looted items from the humanitarian compounds.

    Places visited: Ulang, Yomding, Kuich, Ruplet and Nyangora, in UNS

    Background

    Following the fight that broke between Lou and Jikany Nuer in Mid April 2016, GOAL team in Ulang was evacuated due to intensified fighting between the two communities. The aftermath of the fight was massive destruction and looting of the humanitarian compounds and facilities. Approximately ALL of humanitarian assets and stocks, valued at over 100 000 US dollars, were lost due to damage to property and/or looting. This included looting of: lifesaving medicine, medical accessories, clinic equipment, compound generators, fuel and lubricants, solar and IT equipment, beddings, kitchen equipment, reporting tools among others from at least four agencies.

    Series of meetings were held between OCHA and humanitarian actors operating in Ulang and the decision of sending an interagency assessment team was made. The purpose of the assessment was to assess the current situation, to establish possibility of return to Ulang, present the current position of all humanitarian actors in greater Ulang county and possibility of returning the looted items from the humanitarian compounds.

    On 12/05/2016 assessment team made up of Two Goal Staff and 3 NP staff departed from Juba to Ulang for the assessment.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    N'Djamena (CICR) – Le Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) commence aujourd'hui une distribution de semences, d'outils agricoles et d'articles ménagers essentiels pour 5 300 familles des sous-préfectures de Liwa et de Baga Sola. Cette aide d'urgence vise à renforcer l'autonomie et la résilience des personnes déplacées et des communautés d'accueil, toutes deux éprouvées par le conflit qui fait rage dans la région du Lac Tchad.

    « La situation humanitaire est préoccupante dans la région du Lac : les déplacés ont perdu tout ce qu'ils possédaient lorsqu'ils ont fui, les besoins sont énormes et l'assistance humanitaire encore faible », déclare John Karongo, responsable des activités de sécurité économique du CICR au Tchad. L'afflux de déplacés pèse aussi sur les communautés d'accueil, dont la générosité est fortement mise à contribution. De plus, la situation sécuritaire limite les déplacements et l'accès aux moyens traditionnels de subsistance.

    La distribution de semences (maïs, mil, haricot, gombo et oseille), d'outils agricoles, et pour les plus vulnérables, d'articles ménagers essentiels (ustensiles de cuisine, couvertures, nattes et bâches notamment) doit permettre de relancer les activités agricoles et d'améliorer les conditions économiques de 5 300 ménages (déplacés et résidents). Des vivres complètent cette assistance d'urgence qui soulagera les familles pendant la période de soudure, en attendant la première récolte.

    Cette opération de soutien des communautés de Liwa et Baga Sola s'inscrit dans la volonté du CICR de répondre aux besoins humanitaires provoqués par le conflit autour du Lac Tchad, et de renforcer ses activités dans les quatre pays touchés (Nigéria, Niger, Cameroun et Tchad).

    Informations complémentaires : Emmanuel Kagimbura, CICR N'Djamena, tél : +235 66 20 10 05
    Elodie Schindler, CICR Genève, tél : +41 22 730 21 86 ou +41 79 217 32 17


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    APERÇU DE LA SITUATION

    Les retours des personnes déplacées internes se poursuivent progressivement tandis que les retours volontaires des réfugiés se sont accélérés au cours des derniers mois. Environ 468 400 personnes ayant fui les violences dans le nord et le centre du pays sont maintenant rentrées.

    Cependant la majorité d’entre elles nécessitent un appui pour redémarrer leurs vies. Il reste aujourd’hui 37 500 déplacés au Mali et 134 800 réfugiés dans les pays voisins. L’insécurité qui persiste dans certaines zones du nord et du centre continue à limiter l’accès aux services sociaux de base, nuire à la fourniture de l’aide et à exacerber les vulnérabilités des populations dans les zones affectées. L’insécurité alimentaire touche plus de 2 millions de personnes au pays et il est estimé que ce chiffre augmentera à 3 millions pendant la soudure (juin-août). Plus d’un enfant sur dix sont menacés par la malnutrition aigüe.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    SITUATION OVERVIEW

    Internally displaced persons continue to return progressively while refugees’ voluntary returns increased over the last months. About 468,400 people who fled the violence in the north and center of the country have now returned home. However, a majority of them require support to restart their lives. Today, 37,500 people remain displaced in Mali and 134,800 Malians are refugees in neighboring countries. The persisting insecurity in certain parts of the north and center still limits access to basic social services, hampers aid delivery and exacerbates people’s vulnerabilities in affected-areas. Nationwide, more than 2 million people suffer from food insecurity and this figure will likely rise to 3 million during the lean season (June-August). More than one out of every ten children face the risk of acute malnutrition.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    While their villages are still not safe from marauding militants, a number of displaced Nigerians have returned to their homes and look to vigilantes for security.

    DUGWABA, Nigeria, June 6 (UNHCR) - When Boko Haram militants stormed into this district in northeast Nigeria, torching houses and killing residents, smallholder John Lukius gathered up his belongings and ran for his life.

    A year on, his crops are dead, his house is partially destroyed, and the threat from the militants persists. But like thousands of other displaced people from this area close to the border with Cameroon, he felt he had little alternative but to head back to his ravaged home.

    “There was nothing we could do but to return after more than one year out of home” and living in dire conditions at the border, he said. “We prefer to die here.”

    Despite the Nigerian armed forces’ success in rolling back Boko Haram gains in north-east Nigeria, the insurgency group has turned to terror attacks in the region, and spread the conflict into neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger, triggering fresh waves of displacement.

    The growing insurgency has displaced some 1.8 million people within Nigeria while some 155,000 Nigerian refugees have fled to Cameroon, Chad and Niger, with many finding shelter with host communities. Hundreds of thousands more are displaced within the three neighbouring countries.

    Dugwaba is in Adamawa state. Eight of the 14 villages that make up the district in this corner of northeast Nigeria were devastated by the marauding militants, who killed around 100 people, burned scores of homes, as well as a market and health centre.

    Amid the chaos, some 15,000 people sought safety in cities including Yola and Numan in Adamawa State, while some fled to Kano in north central Nigeria. Many relied on the hospitality of host communities, most of them subsistence farmers who were barely able to meet their own needs, let alone those of thousands of others in dire need.

    “Initially, relatives and friends welcomed and sympathized with many of us, but as time went on, we became a burden to them, and hostility started smouldering,” Lukius said, explaining the tensions that arose.

    Despite the fact that many of the communities in Dugwaba have been sacked and torched, lack even basic health services and remain insecure, Lukius is now among 5,000 residents who have returned home.

    UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is extremely concerned that some residents are returning to Dugwaba without adequate protection. “The humanitarian and protection needs in the north-east as a whole are staggering,” said Angele Dikongue-Atangana , UNHCR’s representative in Nigeria. “UNHCR is advising residents to postpone their return to conflict-affected areas where insecurity remains an issue and where they are unable to resume their lives in a safe and dignified way,” she added.

    In a clear sign that those conditions do not prevail in many areas where Nigerian armed forces are stretched thin, around 100 civilian volunteers have organized themselves into vigilante patrols in an attempt to protect their communities from the militants.

    “Two weeks ago the district vigilantes, who collaborate with the military, fought back a remnant of Boko Haram elements to protect their area,” a resident, who declined to be identified, revealed.

    The vigilantes vow never again to run away from their villages because of the insurgents. “We have returned home to stay, no matter what happens,” vows one of the vigilantes, a university graduate who declined to give his name.

    He revealed that they patrol the villages at night right up to the fringes with Sambisa forest, the stronghold of the insurgents, situated approximately 35 kilometres away from the district. They have lost about 10 members.

    Far from being coerced to go back, most of the people of Dugwaba returned on their own accord and have so far received minimal assistance from faith-based organizations and NGOs. “The situation of our people is pathetic. We need roofing sheets, food and shelter, because some of us are old and sick at the same time,” pleads Lukius.

    While the women are battling to survive by small-scale trading, most of the men are simply hanging around idle. Also, the only bridge linking the district to next door Hong district has collapsed and, during the rainy season, it is difficult to go out of the village. This has, in effect, compounded the problems of the almost isolated district.

    During a visit to Nigeria last February 2016, UNHCR’s top protection official, Volker Türk, called on the Nigerian authorities to heed the concerns of internally displaced people (IDP) in the north-east of the country. “We all need to listen to the IDPs, their aspirations and sense of dignity and safety,” he stressed.

    The protection needs of those displaced by the conflict in the Lake Chad Basin will be discussed at a high-level regional meeting this week in Abuja, organized by UNHCR and the Nigerian government.


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    Source: International Crisis Group
    Country: Nigeria

    EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

    Nigeria’s military is in distress. Once among Africa’s strongest and a mainstay of regional peacekeeping, it has become a flawed force. The initially slow, heavy-handed response to the Islamist Boko Haram insurgency raised serious concerns, and its human rights record underscores a grave disconnect with civilians. President Muhammadu Buhari has taken some steps to reverse the decline and has recorded significant gains against Boko Haram, but ongoing prosecution of former chiefs for graft have further deepened the military’s reputation as poorly governed and corrupt. The government and military chiefs, working with the National Assembly, civil society and international partners, need to do much more: implement comprehensive defence sector reform, including clear identification of security challenges; a new defence and security policy and structure to address them; and drastic improvement in leadership, oversight, administration and accountability across the sector.

    The decline began during 33 years of military dictatorship that took a serious toll on professionalism, operational effectiveness and accountability. Return to democratic rule in 1999 raised hopes the institution could be restored, but successive civilian governments’ pledges of much-needed reforms proved largely rhetorical. Presidents, defence ministry and parliament lacked the commitment and expertise to implement significant changes. They left the military badly governed, under-resourced and virtually adrift. Administration and accountability deteriorated throughout the sector. Poor, indeed lacking senior leadership has been compounded by equally poor legislative oversight and defence headquarters coordination and planning.

    Until recently, the military was under-resourced, with comparatively low budgets, disbursed irregularly and unpredictably. From 2000 to 2008, its budget was less than 3 per cent of overall government expenditure. From 2009 to 2014, it increased to an average of 7.2 per cent of government spending ($5-$6 billion); but, as in the past, this was still allocated disproportionately to recurrent expenditures, leaving very little for crucial capital investment.

    Corruption is system-wide. Legislators often manipulate the appropriation process at the National Assembly to serve private business interests rather than benefit the armed forces. Dubious procurement practices, fraudulently bloated payrolls, poor financial management and weak auditing systems at the national security adviser’s office, the defence ministry and armed services headquarters often mean funds are diverted to private or non-military purposes; arms, ammunition and other equipment are sometimes substandard and not always delivered. Inadequate funding, corrupt procurement and poor maintenance result in serious equipment and logistics deficits.

    For a country of over 170 million people, facing several security challenges – from an Islamist insurgency in the north east to a resource-based conflict in the Niger Delta – a military numbering less than 120,000 personnel (all services) is clearly inadequate. Under-staffing reflects poor planning and a dubious recruitment system, but also is further aggravated by over-stretch induced by deployments in over two dozen internal security operations. Training institutions are short of facilities and instructors, lack training modules, and because they are largely focused on conventional operations, somewhat outdated. Personnel are under-motivated due to low pay, poor welfare services and bleak post-service prospects.

    The military’s poor human rights record has had a debilitating impact on effectiveness. Serious abuse of civilian communities, from the Ogoni (in the mid-1990s) to Odi (1999) and Zaki Biam (2001), and more recent extrajudicial killings, mostly in the context of countering militant and separatist groups from Boko Haram and the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN) to the Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), have alienated citizens, whose cooperation is crucial for successful internal security operations.

    The cumulative effect is a military deeply challenged in its primary function of defending the country and its citizens. It has been able to reverse Boko Haram’s advance since early 2015 only with help from the forces of Nigeria’s poorer neighbours and support from foreign technicians and mercenaries.

    Since assuming office in May 2015, President Buhari has appointed new and more competent service chiefs, relocated the military command centre dedicated to the fight against Boko Haram to the north east and probed past weapons procurement. These actions have had salutary effects, but the benefits will be short-lived unless they are followed by formulation and implementation of a comprehensive reform program that encompasses the entire defence management spectrum, including leadership, oversight and administration. Failure to implement such reforms would leave the military distressed and Nigerians vulnerable to the current and future security challenges.

    RECOMMENDATIONS

    To President Muhammadu Buhari and the Nigerian government:

    1. Commit to formulate and implement comprehensive defence sector reform which would include: a) initiating public and expert dialogues to analyse and agree on the security and defence challenges and lead to initiation of a comprehensive defence sector reform program that clearly identifies those challenges; b) developing a new defence and security policy and structure to address them; and c) improving leadership, oversight, administration and accountability across the entire defence sector.

    2. Establish an armed forces capacity monitoring and evaluation unit under the president’s direct supervision.

    3. Improve funding of the military by: a) ensuring that at least 80 per cent of all money from participation in peacekeeping operations is invested in the armed forces; b) channelling to the defence budget all funds previously paid to former Niger Delta militant leaders for so-called pipeline security arrangements.

    4. Improve local production of basic military items, particularly by creating an investor-friendly environment and encouraging private sector investment in defence-related industries, while winding down the Defence Industries Corporation of Nigeria (DICON), which has proven to be a white elephant.

    5. Curb corruption and improve accountability by probing all former major defence contracts, sanctioning indicted officials and giving the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) a stronger mandate to investigate corruption in the defence sector.

    6. Strengthen, through a stronger mandate and better resourcing, the capacity of the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) to investigate and report violations by military units and personnel.

    To the National Assembly:

    1. Carry out appropriation and oversight responsibilities more effectively by: a) improving the expertise of members and committee staff on security matters, through better training and exchanges with similar committees in the parliaments of more developed democracies; b) scrutinising military leadership nominees more thoroughly to ensure that only competent officers are appointed to head the defence ministry and the services; c) organising public and expert hearings on formulation of a comprehensive military reform program, including a new, more relevant national defence policy; and d) conducting oversight visits to military establishments more diligently to add value to the defence establishment as a whole and administration of the armed forces in particular.

    To the defence ministry:

    1. Improve administrative capacity, including by organising more training for civilian staff in such areas as procurement management, project monitoring and evaluation and operation of payroll systems, as well as accounting and auditing.

    To the defence headquarters and the services:

    1. Improve training in military institutions by ensuring adequate instructors, more relevant modules and more modern equipment.

    2. Improve equipment and logistics by conducting more frequent and intensive equipment audits, ensuring better maintenance of existing assets and encouraging private companies to respond to basic procurement needs.

    To Nigeria’s military and development partners:

    1. Persuade the federal government on the need for deep, comprehensive and sustained military reform, including by providing relevant assistance, the flow of which is dependent on genuine steps and benchmarked progress.

    2. Support the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) and the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) by offering training, equipment and other aid that boosts their capacity to monitor, investigate and prosecute corruption and human rights abuse in the defence sector more effectively.


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    N'Djamena (ICRC) – Some 5,300 families in the areas of Liwa and Baga Sola will receive seed, farming equipment and essential household items as part of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) aid distributions starting today. This emergency relief is intended to make displaced people and host communities more autonomous and resilient in order to cope with the hardship inflicted by the conflict ravaging the Lake Chad region.

    "We are very worried about the situation in this region," said John Karongo, head of the ICRC's economic security activities in Chad. "People left everything behind them when they fled, and the current humanitarian efforts are not up to the task of meeting their needs." The influx of displaced people is also a burden on the host communities, whose generosity is being sorely tried. On top of that, security concerns restrict people's movements and access to traditional livelihoods.

    Distributions of seed (maize, millet, beans, okra and sorrel), farming equipment and, for the most needy, essential household items (particularly kitchen utensils, blankets, sleeping mats and tarpaulins) should kick-start farming production and improve the economic situation of 5,300 households (displaced and resident alike). Food will also be handed out, to tide the families over during the lean period until the first harvest.

    This relief operation for the Liwa and Baga Sola communities is part of the ICRC's wider efforts to step up its humanitarian response to the conflict affecting all four countries surrounding Lake Chad (Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad).

    For further information:

    Emmanuel Kagimbura, ICRC N'Djamena, tel: +235 66 20 10 05 Elodie Schindler, ICRC Geneva, tel: +41 22 730 21 86 or +41 79 217 32 17


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali


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    Source: UN Office for West Africa
    Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger

    Mohamed Ibn Chambas, Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies : « UNOWAS est une expression forte des Nations Unies pour renforcer davantage son soutien avec les pays du G5 Sahel »

    Le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS), Mohamed Ibn Chambas, a conclu aujourd'hui 02 Juin 2016, sa première tournée dans les pays du G5 Sahel. Veuillez trouver ci-dessous, sa déclaration aux médias délivrée aujourd'hui lors d'une conférence de presse, à Nouackchott en Mauritanie.

    « Bonjour,

    Et merci d’être venus à cette conférence de presse.

    Aujourd’hui, j’achève ma première tournée dans les pays du G5 Sahel (Niger, Burkina, Tchad, Mali et Mauritanie) que j’ai entamée depuis une semaine.

    En ma qualité de Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel, Il était nécessaire pour moi de rencontrer et d’échanger avec les autorités nationales des cinq pays du G5 Sahel : le Niger, le Burkina, le Tchad, le Mali, et aujourd’hui la Mauritanie.

    Durant ma tournée, j’ai échangé avec les Chefs d’Etats respectifs et leurs Premiers Ministres ; les Ministres des Affaires Etrangères, de la Défense, de l’Intérieur et de l’Economie et des Finances.

    Je me suis également entretenu avec le Secrétaire Permanent du G5 Sahel et les membres de son bureau ; les partenaires techniques et financiers, ainsi que les représentants du corps diplomatique.

    Tout d’abord, j’ai tenu à informer mes interlocuteurs de l’établissement du Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS) que je dirige –et ce suite à la décision du Conseil de Sécurité de fusionner le Bureau de l’Envoyée Spéciale pour le Sahel (OSES) et l’ancien Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest (UNOWA).

    Au-delà de l’objectif de rationnaliser et de mutualiser les ressources et les capacités, l’établissement d’UNOWAS est une expression forte de l’engagement des Nations Unies pour renforcer davantage son soutien et son partenariat avec les pays du G5 Sahel d’une manière cohérente.

    A cet égard, je voudrais annoncer l’établissement de la–Cellule de Liaison UNOWAS- qui est basée ici à Nouakchott et qui est déjà opérationnelle.

    Son rôle est de maintenir une coordination étroite avec le Secrétariat Permanant du G5 Sahel et de s’assurer de la mise en oeuvre des divers projets faisant partie de la Stratégie Intégrée des Nations Unies pour le Sahel (SINUS).

    Dans ce sens, j’ai renouvelé au Secrétariat Permanent du G5, la détermination d’UNOWAS de travailler avec le G5 Sahel pour accélérer la mise en oeuvre de la feuille de route établie entre les NU et le G5 Sahel.

    Notre partenariat avec le G5 Sahel est essentiel pour faire face aux défis aussi multiples que complexes, notamment ceux liés au développement et à la sécurité.

    La répétition des attaques terroristes que subissent les pays que je viens de visiter- Et leur cortège de morts et impacts sur les populations sont inacceptables et doivent cesser.

    Je condamne avec fermeté toutes les attaques terroristes perpétrées contre les populations civiles, les forces de l’ordre et les casques bleus-notamment la récente double attaque a Gao, au Mali, ou encore celle d’hier au Burkina ou trois policiers ont été tués.

    Nous faisons face à une menace globale qui ne connait pas de frontières.

    Aucun pays ne peut- seul- contenir et éradiquer cette menace. Il est nécessaire et urgent que les pays du G5 Sahel soient soutenus dans leurs efforts acharnés à établir la paix et la sécurité dans la sous-région.

    A cet égard, je salue les efforts inlassables des gouvernements des cinq pays à renforcer leur coordination pour mieux faire face à la menace terroriste.

    Nous sommes conscients que la lutte contre le terrorisme et la recherche légitime de la paix et de la sécurité pour assurer le développement de la région posent des contraintes significatives sur les orientations budgétaires des Etats.

    J’appelle la communauté internationale et les partenaires techniques et financiers à redoubler d’efforts pour soutenir les pays du Sahel.

    UNOWAS reste engagé à soutenir les pays du G5 Sahel à travers une coordination efficace pour une mise en oeuvre accélérée de la Stratégie Intégrée des Nations Unies.

    Merci pour votre attention- Je vous souhaite Ramadan Mubarak »


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    Source: Council of Europe
    Country: Mali, Nigeria

    Le 6 juin 2016, le Conseil a augmenté le budget de l'EUCAP Sahel Mali de 4 925 000 EUR, faisant ainsi passer le budget total de la mission pour 2016 à 19 millions EUR. Cette mission civile de l'UE apporte un soutien aux trois forces de sécurité intérieure maliennes: la police, la gendarmerie et la garde nationale.

    À la suite des incidents de sécurité qui ont eu lieu à Bamako, notamment l'attentat perpétré contre l'hôtel Radisson en novembre 2015 et l'attaque qui a visé le quartier général de l'EUTM Mali en mars 2016, le Conseil a décidé d'accroître le budget de l'EUCAP Sahel Mali. Cela permettra de renforcer la capacité de la mission à soutenir la réforme du secteur de la sécurité au Mali et d'assurer la protection du personnel de la mission au moyen de mesures de sécurité appropriées.

    L'EUCAP Sahel Mali aide l'État malien à garantir l'ordre constitutionnel et démocratique, à mettre en place les conditions d'une paix durable et à maintenir son autorité sur l'ensemble du territoire. La mission fournit une formation et des conseils stratégiques à la police, à la gendarmerie et à la garde nationale maliennes, ainsi qu'aux ministères compétents du pays, afin de soutenir la réforme du secteur de la sécurité. Cette mission s'inscrit dans le cadre de l'approche globale de l'UE en matière de sécurité et de développement dans la région du Sahel. Deux autres missions PSDC sont déployées dans la région: l'EUTM Mali, qui contribue à la restructuration et à la réorganisation des forces armées maliennes en leur prodiguant une formation et des conseils et l'EUCAP Sahel Niger, qui soutient la lutte contre la criminalité organisée et le terrorisme.

    L'EUCAP Sahel Mali a été lancée le 15 avril 2014. Le chef de la mission est le diplomate allemand M. Albrecht Conze. Son mandat a été récemment prorogé jusqu'au 14 janvier 2017. La mission a son quartier général à Bamako, Mali.

    Contacts avec la presse

    Virginie Battu
    Attachée de presse
    +32 22815316
    +32 470182405


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    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea-Bissau, Iraq, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, occupied Palestinian territory, Serbia, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    SC/12389

    7705th Meeting (AM)
    Security Council
    Meetings Coverage

    United Nations Cooperation with Regional Bodies Critical, Speakers Stress

    In a conflictual world characterized by scattered power, global peace and security would only stand a chance only if nations and regions united against common threats transcending their borders, the European Union’s High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy told the Security Council today, amid calls for greater cooperation between the United Nations and regional and subregional organizations.

    In her second briefing to the Council, High Representative Federica Mogherini recalled the common efforts she had carried out with various United Nations agencies around the world in different multilateral formats. Multilateralism would be among the core principles in the European Union’s new global strategy for foreign and security policy, which she would present in the coming weeks. “In times like these, we need each other,” she said. “We need the United Nations.”

    Providing an overview of European Union priorities, she urged renewed efforts to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, recalling that the regional bloc had pushed to revitalize the Middle East Quartet in 2015, and held several meetings where Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the League of Arab States had joined the discussions.

    Last November, the European Union had met with the newly formed International Syria Support Group in Vienna, where all regional and international actors had gathered around the same table for the first time since the outbreak of the war in Syria. Unity was also central for Libya, and the European Union had begun to mobilize a €100 million package to help restart the country.

    She went on to say that the European Union had launched its Operation Sophia naval initiative against trafficking networks in the Mediterranean Sea, asking the Council to adopt a resolution authorizing it to enforce the United Nations arms embargo on the high seas off the coast of Libya. As for Ukraine, she said the Minsk agreements must be fully implemented, emphasizing that the European Union did not recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol.

    Describing migration and displacement as “one of the great challenges of our era”, she said that she would be in Strasbourg, France, on 7 June to present a plan for a “new migration partnership”. Going forward, the European Union would seek to reinforce old ties and create new ones in bilateral, regional and global relations, she said, adding that while formats could change, the bloc would always return to the United Nations and the stubborn idea of a cooperative world order.

    In the ensuing debate, speakers praised the European Union’s cooperation with the United Nations, especially in matters of peace and security, with some singling out its diplomatic efforts on the Iranian nuclear file, its peacekeeping work in Africa, and broader initiatives to combat human trafficking, terrorism and violent extremism. Concern expressed by Venezuela’s representative about the need to respect principles enshrined in the United Nations Charter was echoed by his counterpart from China, who emphasized the importance of upholding sovereignty and independence, as well as non-interference in domestic affairs, among other values.

    Other speakers struck a more cautious tone, with the Russian Federation’s representative expressing regret that the quest for a political settlement in Syria had led European partners to take destructive and unilateral actions, engaging in propaganda rather than patient, joint efforts. Likewise in Ukraine, Brussels had played an “unseemly role” in that country’s ongoing crisis, he said, expressing hope that the European Union would insist that Kyiv follow through on its obligations under the Minsk agreements.

    On that point, Ukraine’s representative expressed hope that the new European Union Global Security Strategy would reflect the root cause of instability in his country. Its dedication to protecting universal principles of international law was particularly relevant in light of the attempted illegal annexation of Crimea and the Russian Federation’s ongoing military aggression in eastern Ukraine, he said.

    Malaysia’s representative said he would like to see the European Union play a more active role as a broker within the Middle East Quartet, given the absence of efforts by the Security Council to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The regional body could use available tools to end decades of impunity, he said, stressing that those involved must move from managing the conflict to addressing its root causes.

    Egypt’s delegate expressed hope that the European Union would play an effective role in pushing for greater efforts to support Libya’s Government of National Accord, warning that any delay in that regard could result in the failure of the political process there, strengthening terrorist groups and exacerbating the situation of migrants and refugees.

    Also speaking today were representatives of Senegal, Japan, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Spain, Uruguay, United States, Angola and France.

    The meeting began at 10:05 a.m. and ended at 12:40 p.m.

    Briefing

    FEDERICA MOGHERINI, High Representative of the European Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, recalled the common work she had carried out with United Nations agencies around the world, in different multilateral formats, saying: “I believe this is the only way we have — as Europeans, as responsible members of the international community — to face these difficult times.” An unprecedented number of people were on the move, with tens of millions fleeing war, she said, noting that cities in Europe had been hit by terrorist attacks. Inequality, insecurity, xenophobia, islamophobia and anti-Semitism were also on the rise. “In times like these, we need each other. We need the United Nations,” she said. In that context, the European Union had placed multilateralism at the core of its common external action.

    She said new security threats in the Middle East should push everyone to renew efforts to end the Israeli-Palestinian conflict because further escalation, especially around holy sites in Jerusalem, would have grave consequences for the region. On the other hand, a peaceful solution could unlock regional cooperation, she said, adding that she had made the Middle East peace process a top priority for European Union action. The trends were clear: violence had amplified mistrust, Israel’s settlement policy was eroding prospects for a two-State solution, and the absence of unity among Palestinian factions was a major stumbling block. In 2015, the European Union had pushed to revitalize the Middle East Quartet, and several meetings had been held, including in New York, where Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and the League Arab States had joined the discussions. In Paris, a few days ago, parties had discussed how the international community could help.

    Recalling the Council’s July 2015 endorsement of the deal on Iran’s nuclear programme, she said monitoring of its implementation continued, in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). In November, the European Union had met with the newly formed International Syria Support Group in Vienna, where all regional and international actors had finally been at the same table for the first time since the start of the war in Syria. “It is vital that humanitarian aid reaches a greater number of areas,” she stressed, noting that the Union had reopened its humanitarian office in Damascus. In Iraq, progress had been made in the military campaign, she said, underlining the need for rapid stabilization and restoration of services after Da’esh-held areas were liberated. The campaign against the group must be framed by an adequate political settlement and the European Union supported Iraq’s efforts in that regard. Unity was also central for Libya, she said, noting that the European Union had restated its support for the Government of National Accord in Vienna last month. It had also started to mobilize a €100 million package to help restart the country.

    The European Union had launched the Operation Sophia naval initiative against trafficking networks in the Mediterranean, she continued, thanking the Council for its resolution endorsing that mission and requesting that it now adopt one authorizing that operation to enforce the United Nations arms embargo on the high seas off the coast of Libya. The need for a political solution in Yemen, and to address the dire humanitarian situation there, was just as urgent as elsewhere in the region, she added. As for Ukraine, that situation was a priority for the European Union, she said, emphasizing that the Minsk agreements must be fully implemented. The bloc did not recognize the illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol, and was working with Kyiv to help Ukraine implement reforms, she said, citing a recently approved constitutional amendment to improve the independence of the judiciary. As for its efforts as a global security provider, she said the European Union was following the negotiations to end the conflict in Colombia, and she had recently signed important agreements.

    The bloc would host an a major international conference on Afghanistan in Brussels, she said, suggesting that a United Nations police mission could deter further threats to peace in Burundi. In the Central African Republic, the European Union and the United Nations had joined forces to restore the police and gendarmerie, while the regional bloc provided support to the United Nations mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The European Union’s cooperation had also yielded historic results in building resilience in relation to the Paris Agreement on climate change, and a similar approach had been integral to its response on migration. She said she would be in Strasbourg on 7 June to present, with colleagues in the European Commission, the plan for a “new migration partnership”. Describing migration and displacement as “one of the great challenges of our era”, she said: “Our response is the measure of our very humanity.” Going forward, the European Union would seek to reinforce old ties and create new ones, in bilateral relations, as well as at the regional and global levels. It had supported African-led peace efforts through the Africa Peace Facility, while its cooperation with the African Union, the Arab League, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (CELAC) and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) could only grow stronger, she said.

    Statements

    VITALY CHURKIN (Russian Federation) said that, despite the ongoing crisis in relations between his country and the European Union, the two had worked together in areas including religious extremism, drug trafficking and illegal migration, and the settlement of challenges facing the Middle East. In that regard, the Russian Federation welcomed the European Union’s role in securing agreement on the Iranian nuclear issue, and expected that its member States would continue to play a constructive, honest and impartial role in seeking a political settlement for Syria. It was important that the European Union maintain an open channel for dialogue with that country’s Government, he said, expressing regret that European partners often allowed themselves to take destructive and unilateral actions, engaging in propaganda instead of patient, joint efforts. Continued pressure on Damascus would not have the desired result, he emphasized, calling for efforts to force Turkey to stop encroaching on Syria’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.

    He went on to state that his country was closely following the European Union’s efforts to address the crisis in Libya, and was puzzled by its decision to include key players in that country on its sanctions list, which seemed to be an attempt to punish Libyan politicians. The Russian Federation was also concerned about the flow into the country of fighters belonging to Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) from other States, although that should not be used as a pretext for interfering in Libya’s internal affairs, he stressed. The increasing number of deaths in the Mediterranean underlines the need to resolve the root issues that forced so many people to undertake such a dangerous journey, he said. Turning to the situation in Ukraine, he said Brussels had played an “unseemly role” in that country’s ongoing crisis, and expressed hope that the European Unions and European capitals would insist that Kyiv follow through on its obligations under the Minsk package of measures.

    AMR ABDELLATIF ABOULATTA (Egypt) said the partnership between the United Nations and the European Union was one of the most important examples of cooperation between the world body and regional organizations. The strategic partnership covered a number of crises that went beyond the immediate geographic area of the European Union. Noting that the heightening of some crises had resulted in the international community leaving the Palestinian question to the side, he said that had increased tensions in the Middle East region, and there was need for greater efforts by the international community to revive the peace process on the basis of a two-State solution, which could not be accomplished given the recent actions of the Israeli side.

    Turning to the situation in Libya, he said that country was going through a critical political phase, which called for greater international efforts to support the Government of National Accord. A major challenge would be to build and strengthen State structures so that the Government could respond to the major political and economic challenges it faced. Egypt hoped that the European Union would be able to play an effective role in that regard, he said, emphasizing that any delay could result in the failure of the political process, the strengthening of terrorist groups and the deterioration of the refugee and migrant situation. Expressing concern about the expanding actions of terrorist groups, he stressed that international efforts to address the terrorist threat should not be confined to the security and political dimensions, but must also send a message to counter the narratives of terrorist organizations, which worked under the guise of religion to attract funds and draw interest.

    GORGUI CISS (Senegal) said regional and subregional organizations could help foster peace by bringing their local conflict-resolution expertise to bear. Noting that the European Union had the institutional mechanisms to finance peacekeeping missions and carried out actions to prevent crises, he welcomed its comprehensive approach to peace and security, and urged a development-focused effort to tackle migration. Citing the bloc’s prevention activities in dealing with the root causes of conflict, he said the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) attached great importance to its activities in Guinea-Bissau, expressing hope for its further cooperation in that regard.

    YOSHIFUMI OKAMURA (Japan) said his country’s partnership with the European Union was based on such values as democracy, freedom and the rule of law. Japan cooperated with the bloc on peace and security, economic and other global issues, and they had recently organized joint programmes to improve security situations in Africa, including in Mali. In Niger, Japan had provided radio equipment and vehicles for integral command centres, to which the European Union provided capacity-building training. In the Middle East, Japan and the European Union continued to address humanitarian needs brought on by violent extremism, he said, noting that his country had announced a $6 billion package for stability in the Middle East and North Africa for the period 2016 to 2018. Japan supported United Nations efforts for political solutions in Libya, Syria, Yemen and other regional crises, and valued the Organization’s cooperation with the European Union under Chapter VIII of the United Nations Charter.

    GERARD VAN BOHEMAN (New Zealand) said the partnership of the United Nations with the European Union was one of its deepest and most productive. Among other things, it played an ongoing role in supporting implementation of the Minsk agreements in Ukraine, and in seeking to revive the Middle East peace process. In Syria, where the peace process was faltering and the disastrous humanitarian situation deteriorating, “we need to do all we can to resume negotiations on a political transition”, he said, acknowledging the significant humanitarian and development assistance that the European Union and its member States had provided to mitigate the human cost of the conflict there. Turning to the flow of irregular migrants who continued to enter the European Union, he noted that many others perished as they attempted the perilous journey across the Mediterranean. New Zealand had co-sponsored Council resolution 2240 (2015) on international efforts to intercept vessels off the Libyan coast suspected of migrant smuggling, and was ready to consider other contributions that European Union countries could make, in partnership with the Council, to support safety and stability in the Mediterranean as part of a comprehensive approach to addressing the challenges of irregular migration.

    MATTHEW RYCROFT (United Kingdom) highlighted the origins of both the United Nations and the European Union in the scourge of war, saying it was unsurprising that they shared so many values that underpinned the collective ability to protect and maintain international peace and security. The European Union and its member States played an active role in peacekeeping and provided complementary support to United Nations missions, as well as those undertaken by other regional organizations. During the Security Council’s recent visit to Somalia, members had been able to see first-hand the critical role played by the European Union in supporting the United Nations Assistance Mission in Somalia (UNSOM) and broader efforts to bring long–term peace to Somalia. It also played a valuable role in promoting peace through various mediation and peace agreements around the world, he said noting that it had been active in promoting the political process under way in Syria. He welcomed the close cooperation between the European Union and the United Nations on Libya, which had helped in establishing the Government of National Accord in that country. It had also provided financial support for quick-impact projects in Libya, which would have immediate benefits on the ground. It had provided practical support to address the ongoing migration and refugee crisis, he said, adding that the United Kingdom would support the European Union’s efforts to build the capacity of Libya’s coast guard.

    ROMÁN OYARZUN MARCHESI (Spain) said his delegation was pleased that the European Union had reserved a major role for prevention in its global security strategy. Spain had recently organized the first-ever international conference on preventive diplomacy, in which high representatives of the bloc had participated, he said, adding that its conclusions would be distributed to the Security Council and the General Assembly in due course. On Iran, he highlighted the very important role played by the European Union in the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan agreed with Iran in July 2015. The European Union had supported stability in Libya and the fight against human traffickers working on its coast, he said, noting that Operation Sophia had saved more than 15,000 lives. The European Union had had a very firm commitment in Africa, to two operations in particular — the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), he said.

    WU HAITAO (China) said the European Union was an important partner of the United Nations, citing its participation on the Iranian nuclear issue and “hotspots” in the Middle East, as well as its support for the African Union’s peacekeeping efforts. China supported the European Union’s constructive role in United Nations affairs, which must advocate political settlement of hotspot questions through dialogue and respect for sovereignty, independence, non-interference and other values. It should respect each country’s sovereign choice of path to development and maintain a fair view of its human rights situation, he emphasized. Further, it should facilitate synergies with United Nations efforts to foster development, notably by strengthening North-South cooperation and helping countries achieve the Sustainable Development Goals. China took a long-term view of cooperation and was ready to enhance efforts to that end within the framework of the United Nations.

    VOLODYMYR YELCHENKO (Ukraine) said history had shown the need to “treat the disease, not the symptoms” in tragic situations like those in Ukraine and Syria. In the case of the former, there should be a strategic answer on the European Union side to security challenges in the Eastern Partnership, which had originated with the Russian Federation, he emphasized, expressing hope that the new European Union Global Security Strategy would not only reflect the root cause of instability there, but provide for cooperation mechanisms, as well as a stronger role for itself in the conflict-resolution process. The European Union’s efforts and dedication to the peaceful resolution of conflicts and protecting universal principles of international law were particularly relevant in light of the attempted illegal annexation of Crimea and the Russian Federation’s ongoing military aggression in eastern Ukraine, he said, adding that such hybrid warfare could only be countered through bold and coherent strategies based on joint efforts, a clear understanding of the source of the threat and a vision of how to tackle it. In that regard, he urged the Russian Federation to comply with the United Nations Charter, the provisions of General Assembly resolution 68/262 on Ukraine’s territorial integrity and international treaties. Calling upon that country also to end its occupation of Crimea, he expressed further urged it to fulfil all its obligations under the Minsk agreements, including the withdrawal of Russian weapons, military forces and mercenaries from Ukraine.

    ELBIO ROSSELLI (Uruguay) said his delegation placed great value on the European Union’s role in international peace and security, emphasizing that United Nations cooperation with such organizations was essential. Terrorism, migration and piracy were among the challenges requiring synergies and complementarities, he said, recalling that his country had received European migrants following the world wars, while Uruguayans had travelled to Europe for economic and other reasons. The European Union’s response to the Ebola outbreak had helped attainment of a positive outcome, while membership in the Middle East Quartet gave it an important role in finding a solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. In the Balkans, the European Union Rule of Law Mission (EULEX) had played an important role in fostering the rule of law in Kosovo, he recalled.

    SAMANTHA POWER (United States) said every member State of the European Union was a democracy and none had raised arms against another, a “remarkable accomplishment”. The benefits of Europe’s peace and prosperity had extended beyond the continent, making it an invaluable partner to many Member States. Lessons could be drawn from the European Union about more effectively advancing peace and security, she said, noting that the pressure it had exerted had been critical in bringing Iran to the negotiating table. The bloc was now monitoring implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action as coordinator of the Joint Commission. The European Union’s diplomatic pressure sought to end the conflict in Ukraine and to forge and ensure compliance with the Minsk agreements. It had demonstrated how regional organizations could use financial, technical and military tools to help prevent violence. It was managing nine civilian and military forces in Africa, and had provided more than €1.6 billion since 2003 to support capacity-building. Emphasizing that closing borders could not be the answer to monumental challenges like migration, she said they required a common response and redoubled commitment to the principles upon which the world’s common security and humanity depended.

    ISMAEL ABRAÃO GASPAR MARTINS (Angola) said the European Union’s cooperation strengthened United Nations efforts to prevent conflict, restore peace and build stability in post-conflict situations. The long-standing triangular cooperation between the United Nations, European Union and the African Union was a key element of the search for stability in Africa, and the European Union’s participation was particularly relevant in three theatres of operation — the Central African Republic, Mali and Somalia. Its role in combating piracy off the Somali coast and its support of UNSOM had been instrumental in fighting terrorism in that country, he said, describing terrorism as the main cause behind the forced migration of millions of people in search of survival, peace and a better future.

    RAFAEL DARÍO RAMÍREZ CARREÑO (Venezuela), emphasizing that the European Union and its member States must continue to act in accordance with to Charter principles, he said the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action with Iran demonstrated that dialogue and negotiations were the only way to address challenges to international peace and security. Venezuela called for the Security Council, with support from the European Union, to play a prominent role in finding a permanent settlement of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, based on a two-State solution. The armed conflict in Libya figured prominently on the European Union’s agenda, he said, calling upon the bloc to redouble its efforts in support of dialogue aimed at bringing stability to that country. Noting that the migrant and refugee crisis was costing lives every day, he stressed that security measures, or criminalizing migration, were not appropriate ways to address the issue, which was essentially one of human rights.

    RAMLAN BIN IBRAHIM (Malaysia) reaffirmed his delegation’s support for enhanced cooperation with regional and subregional organizations under Chapter VIII of the Charter, welcoming the European Union’s efforts to promote peace and security. However, Malaysia would like to see it play a more active role as a broker in the Middle East Quartet, given the lack of Council efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The bloc could use available tools to end decades of impunity, he said, stressing that, given the “slow death” of a settlement based on a two-State solution, actors must move from managing the conflict to addressing its root causes. Welcoming the European Union’s support for political dialogue in Syria, and its critical support for Syrian refugees in European countries or in the Middle East through its migration policies and humanitarian aid, he proposed that it make similar efforts to address human trafficking and smuggling in South-East Asia. He acknowledged the bloc’s attempts to address Islamophobia as part of its response to xenophobia, urging more dialogue around socioeconomic inclusion to complement its counter-terrorism strategy.

    FRANÇOIS DELATTRE (France), Council President for June, spoke in his national capacity, saying that the European Union’s military and civilian missions had supported implementation of the Council’s decisions on many fronts, particularly in Bosnia and Herzegovina and in Kosovo. Noting its contribution of more than one third of the regular and peacekeeping budgets, he said more than 1,000 European Union “Blue Helmets” were participants in MINUSMA. It had joined those calling for resumed political talks in Syria, and had spared no effort to help the Government in Libya fight terrorism. It was also working on a draft resolution in the Council that would strengthen intervention on the high seas in situations arms-embargo violations, and was a primary stakeholder in the response to the migrant and refugee crisis. Indeed, the European Union and the United Nations were strategic partners united by a shared vision of the world, where rights were stronger than force, he said.

    Ms. MOGHERINI, said the European Union had a legacy of providing for the citizens of Europe, and for promoting peace and security both in the European region and across the world. Its partnership with the United Nations was critical for both organizations. She noted the appreciation expressed by Council members for the bloc’s efforts in several key areas, including the Balkans and Myanmar, and on such the issues as non-proliferation, counter-terrorism and the fight against xenophobia, Islamophobia and anti-Semitism. On migration, she pointed out that Operation Sophia had already saved tens of thousands of lives, emphasizing that the European Union did not wish to see anyone die, whether in the Mediterranean Sea or in the desert. It was doing its part in relation to the migration crisis, which it viewed as a human duty and political responsibility, yet one requiring collective action. “Let’s join forces,” she said, noting that lives were being lost each and every day, often out of the public eye. Underlining that the European Union was trying to manage the migration phenomenon, not to stop migration entirely, she said the crisis was not a “problem” that must be stopped, but a phenomenon that must be managed.

    For information media. Not an official record.


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • On 3 June, Boko Haram launched one of its deadliest attacks in the Diffa region against Bosso town, setting off waves of displacement. Bosso is reportedly empty of its inhabitants while the population of Yebi and Toumour also fled to safer areas. Around 75,000 people might have been displaced although no official figures are available yet.

    • The most urgent needs include: food, shelters, nonfood items, protection, health care, water and sanitation.

    • An assessment mission is scheduled on 7 June to Diffa town.

    • National authorities and humanitarian actors are mobilizing substantial relief assistance to assist people affected by these attacks.

    • More than 30 attacks have been attributed to Boko Haram in the Diffa region since the beginning of the year.


    0 0

    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Brazil, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Cuba, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Kenya, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Philippines, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Tunisia, Turkey, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), Viet Nam, World, Yemen

    THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

    Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

    Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid1 , and in particular Article 2, Article 4 and Article 15(2) and (3) thereof,

    Having regard to Council Decision 2013/755/EU of 25 November 2013 on the association of the overseas countries and territories with the European Union2 , and in particular Article 79 thereof,

    Having regard to Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union3 , and in particular Article 84(2) thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) Commission Decision C(2015) 8936 adopted on 15 December 2015 provides for the financing of humanitarian aid operational priorities from the 2016 general budget of the European Union for a total amount of EUR 930 997 848 from budget articles 23 02 01 and 23 02 02.

    (2) The Commission is committed to providing a humanitarian response in those areas where there are the greatest humanitarian needs. Accordingly, the humanitarian response may be subject to reorientation or scaling-up in the course of the implementation of actions when required by changing circumstances in the field which might affect existing humanitarian needs or generate new needs.

    (3) The global humanitarian context has been characterised by an increase in humanitarian needs in locations such as Philippines, Fiji, Nigeria, Ukraine, Iran, Syria and neighbouring countries as well as related to the EU Children of Peace Initiative.


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