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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, Nigeria, Sudan

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Below-average cereal production gathered in 2015 due to poor distribution of rains

    • Prices of millet and sorghum remained mostly stable in recent months

    • Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Chad, Nigeria

    N'Djamena, Tchad | AFP | mardi 26/04/2016 - 14:12 GMT |

    L'état d'urgence en vigueur dans la région du lac Tchad pour lutter contre les attaques du groupe islamiste nigérian Boko Haram a été prorogé de six mois par l'Assemblée nationale tchadienne, a annoncé mardi la radio publique.

    "Cette prorogation de six mois permettra de mettre hors d'état de nuire ces diables de Boko Haram, qui attaquent quand ils peuvent et par tous les moyens", a déclaré à la radio le ministre de la Sécurité Ahmat Mahamat Bachir, après l'adoption à l'unanimité des 130 députés de la prorogation de l'état d'urgence, décrété en novembre 2015.

    "Nous devons renforcer la sécurité dans la région du lac et même au-delà, pourquoi pas sur toute l'étendue du territoire national pour les contrecarrer", a-t-il ajouté.

    Les attaques menées par le groupe islamiste nigérian au Tchad ont nettement diminué depuis plusieurs mois. En janvier 2016, deux attentats suicides avaient tué trois personnes et blessé 56 à Guité et Miterine, localités de la région du lac Tchad.

    Boko Haram n'hésite pas à utiliser comme kamikazes des femmes et des enfants pour mener ses attentats suicides dans le bassin du lac Tchad (Nigeria, Cameroun, Tchad, Niger).

    Même si sa superficie se réduit d'année en année, le lac abrite une multitude d'îles et îlots, évacués par leurs habitants à la demande de l'armée tchadienne. Les abords du lac sont rendus difficiles par une végétation dense, facilitant les infiltrations des islamistes en territoire tchadien.

    Pour contrer les kamikazes, le Tchad a également interdit le port du voile intégral sur l'ensemble de son territoire, ce vêtement pouvant servir à dissimuler des ceintures d'explosifs.

    Depuis 2015, la force régionale constituée des armées des quatre pays riverains a réussi à nettement réduire les activités militaires du groupe islamiste nigérian, sans pour autant parvenir à le mettre hors d'état de nuire.

    yas-jpc/cl/de

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    26 April 2016 – In the wake of the violent protests on 18 and 19 April in Kidal, northern Mali, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) is warning that the events disrupted children’s education in the region and endangered their safety.

    According to sources verified by UNICEF, many children were removed from classrooms during the school day to participate in rallies.

    “UNICEF condemns any action or helping to prevent the normal development of the education of children and reminds all parties that the place of the child is in school, because education is the best way to ensure a prosperous future for children and the nation,” the agency said in a press statement.

    "Access to education has been made impossible for many children in Kidal. Efforts to bring thousands of children to school in northern Mali are likely to be lost if children [whose situation is already fragile], are removed from the classroom," said Fran Equiza, UNICEF Representative in Mali.

    According to the agency, when children are not in school, they are more vulnerable to abuse, exploitation or recruitment by armed groups. As such, UNICEF called for them to be kept in school so they can continue their education. In addition, just two months away from end-of-year exams, an interruption may cost them an entire year of education.

    For the school year 2015-2016, considerable efforts made by education partners in Mali, including UNICEF, to help increase access to formal education for some 344,115 children in the regions of Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal, Mopti and Segou, affected by the security crisis. Since October 2015, through the campaign 'Every Child Matters,' UNICEF was able to facilitate the return and remain in school for 29,592 children in areas affected by the crisis, including 4,934 in Kidal.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Chad, Nigeria

    N'Djamena, Chad | AFP | Tuesday 4/26/2016 - 17:10 GMT

    Chad on Tuesday extended by six months the state of emergency imposed in the Lake Chad region in response to cross-border attacks by Boko Haram jihadists, national radio said.

    Members of the National Assembly voted unanimously to extend the state of emergency, which has been in force since November 9.

    Security Minister Ahmat Mahamat Bachir told public radio that the measure would help diminish Nigeria-based Boko Haram's capacity to operate in Chad.

    "This six month extension will allow us to put these Boko Haram devils, who attack where and when they can, where they can't do any harm," he said.

    "We must reinforce the security in the region of Lake Chad and beyond, even nationwide, to thwart them."

    Though cross-border attacks by the Islamist radicals have diminished in recent months, two suicide attacks killed three people and injured 56 in January in Guite and Miterine, areas in the region of Lake Chad.

    Lake Chad itself has several islands which have been evacuated at the request of the Chadian army.

    The area around the lake has thick vegetation which has helped the jihadists to pass into Chad undetected.

    In a bid to detect would-be female suicide bombers, a favourite Boko Haram tactic, Chad has banned the Islamic face veil in a bid to help identify women carrying explosive belts before they are able to attack.

    Since 2015, the four countries that share Lake Chad -- Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Niger -- have significantly weakened Boko Haram but have been unable to vanquish it entirely.

    An estimated 20,000 people have been killed since Boko Haram launched its campaign of violence in 2009 to carve out a hardline Islamic state in northeast Nigeria and beyond.

    More than 2.6 million people have fled their homes since, but some of the displaced have recently begun returning after the Nigerian military retook swathes of territory from the insurgents.

    yas-jpc/gw/cb

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: REACH Initiative
    Country: Algeria, France, Italy, Libya, Mali, Morocco, Spain, World

    As part of a wider project to understand the profile and motivations of people migrating to the European Union, this factsheet presents key findings related to migration from Mali. Information presented here is based on interviews with key informants, who were asked to report on migration from their community. Findings presented here are based on a small, purposive sample of respondents in Gao, a key transit point for migrants passing through Mali, and should be considered indicative only.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Yaoundé, Cameroun | AFP | mercredi 27/04/2016 - 10:59 GMT |

    Une jeune kamikaze transportant cinq explosifs a été interpellée dans la nuit de mardi à mercredi dans une localité de l'extrême-nord du Cameroun, frontalière du Nigeria, où les islamistes armés de Boko Haram commettent des attentats et lancent des attaques, ont déclaré les autorités locales.

    "Une kamikaze a été appréhendée par des membres d'un comité de vigilance" composé de civils dans le village de Djakana, tout près de la frontière avec le Nigeria, a affirmé à l'AFP le gouverneur de la région, Midjiyawa Bakari. "Elle était porteuse de cinq explosifs".

    La jeune femme, âgée de 20 ans, "a été remise au BIR" pour être interrogée, a ajouté le gouverneur faisant référence au Bataillon d'intervention rapide, unité d'élite de l'armée en première ligne de la lutte contre Boko Haram.

    Selon M. Bakari, la kamikaze a déclaré être partie du Nigeria en compagnie d'une autre jeune femme et que toutes deux cherchaient des "lieux de regroupement" pour se faire exploser.

    "Nous avons organisé une battue pour retrouver la seconde kamikaze, mais comme la zone n'est pas très loin du Nigeria, elle a dû se replier" au Nigeria, a affirmé le gouverneur.

    Pour empêcher d'éventuels attentats-suicides planifiés dans l'extrême-nord du pays par le groupe islamiste nigérian, les autorités camerounaises s'appuient depuis plusieurs mois sur des comités de vigilances constitués de volontaires de localités frontalières.

    Leurs alertes ont déjà permis de déjouer plusieurs attentats grâce à un "dispositif efficace" de motos, sifflets et détecteurs de métaux mis à la disposition des habitants, selon M. Bakari.

    Les motos permettent notamment "une mobilité aux membres des comités de vigilance" pour surveiller la frontière poreuse, "les équipes se relaient en permanence de 6 heures à 18 heures et de 18 heures jusqu'au petit matin", a-t-il expliqué.

    Fin mars, deux autres kamikazes avaient ainsi été arrêtées dans la région avec l'aide des comités de vigilance.

    Boko Haram, qui a subi d'importants revers ces derniers mois face aux offensives menées par les armées de plusieurs pays de la région, a multiplié les attentats-suicides, utilisant régulièrement des femmes et filles comme kamikazes.

    rek/cl/jlb

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, United States of America

    CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

    1,600 HOUSEHOLDS DISPLACED DUE TO TENSIONS WITH ARMED MEN

    Tensions following the arrival of members of an armed group in the north-western Yade and Makounzi Wali regions early April have led to the displacement of 1,600 households into Koui and Bocaranga sub-provinces. The IDPs are with host families and are receiving non-food items and food assistance from humanitarian partners.

    CONGO

    2,000 AFFECTED BY THE CRISIS IN THE SOUTHERN POOL REGION

    From 14 to 17 April, aid group Caritas carried out an assessment of the humanitarian situation in the Southern Pool department, where security forces had bombarded positions of a former rebel leader early April. According to the information collected, the crisis has directly affected more than 2,000 people. Caritas has provided food and first aid kits. Concerns remain over access and the need to protect the population from human rights violations. Aid organisation Acted is also currently in the area to carry out an assessment of the displaced persons’ needs. The Government is still considering granting access to the United Nations.

    CÔTE D’IVOIRE

    HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE CONTINUES IN BOUNA

    Humanitarian response continues to be provided across seven sites to 2,874 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the north-eastern Bouna area which was recently rocked by violent clashes between farmers and herders. The large majority of IDPs are located in the ONUCI camp site and Prefect residence site. There remains a critical need for shelter despite the recent arrival of 100 UNHCR tents. So far, no return movements have been reported. On 21 April, an interagency assessment mission was organised in view of evaluating the situation in and around the targeted localities, and determining further humanitarian needs in the event of a return movement.

    CHAD

    INCUMBENT PRESIDENT REELECTED FOR FIFTH TERM

    President Idriss Deby, who has ruled the country since seizing power in a coup in 1990, won the elections with 61.5 per cent of vote, according to results released by the National Independent Electoral Commission (CENI) on 22 April, avoiding a second round runoff. On 21 April, opposition candidates cited doubts over the credibility of the votes. According to the CENI, voter turnout was 76.11 per cent.

    LAKE CHAD BASIN CRISIS

    US AMBASSADOR TO UN $ PLEDGES US$40 MILLION

    During a visit to Cameroon and Nigeria as of 18 April, the US Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power said the United States will provide almost US$40 million in humanitarian assistance for Africa's Lake Chad region to assist people affected by Boko Haram violence.

    NIGERIA

    FEMALE SUICIDE BOMBERS KILL 8 AT IDP CAMP IN BORNO STATE

    On 20 April, two female suicide bombers killed at least eight people and wounded twelve at an IDP site in the town of Banki, in the country’s north-east near the border with Cameroon. There has been no claim of responsibility for the attack so far. Banki, which is around 120 km from the state capital Maiduguri, was seized by Boko Haram in 2013 but Nigerian troops drove the militant group out of the town early last year.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, United States of America

    REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE

    1,600 MENAGES DEPLACES

    Des tensions suite à l’arrivée de membres d'un groupe armé dans les régions de Yade et de Makounzi Wali au nord-ouest du pays début avril a entraîné le déplacement de 1600 ménages dans les sous-provinces de Koui et de Bocaranga. Les personnes déplacées sont auprès de familles d'accueil et reçoivent des articles non alimentaires et une assistance alimentaire des partenaires humanitaires.

    CONGO

    2000 AFFECTES PAR LA CRISE DANS LA REGION DU POOL

    Du 14 au 17 avril l’ONG Caritas a réalisé une évaluation de la situation humanitaire dans le département du Pool dans le sud, où les forces de sécurité avaient bombardé des positions d'un ancien chef rebelle début avril. Selon les informations recueillies, la crise a directement touché plus de 2000 personnes. Caritas a fourni des vivres et des trousses de premiers soins. Des inquiétudes demeurent sur l'accès et la nécessité de protéger la population contre les violations des droits de l'homme. L’organisation Acted est aussi actuellement dans la région pour procéder à une évaluation des besoins des personnes déplacées. Le gouvernement envisage toujours d'accorder l'accès à l'Organisation des Nations Unies.

    COTE D’IVOIRE

    LA REPONSE HUMANITAIRE SE POURSUIT A BOUNA

    Une réponse humanitaire est en cours à travers sept sites auprès de 2874 personnes déplacées internes (PDI) dans la région nord- est de Bouna qui a récemment été secouée par de violents affrontements entre agriculteurs et éleveurs. Un besoin critique d’abris demeure, malgré l'arrivée récente de 100 tentes du HCR. Jusqu'à présent, aucun mouvement de retour n’a été signalé. Le 21 avril, une mission d'évaluation inter-agence a été organisée en vue d'évaluer la situation dans et autour des localités ciblées, et de déterminer d'autres besoins humanitaires en cas d'un mouvement de retour.

    TCHAD

    LE PRESIDENT SORTANT RE- ELU POUR UN CINQUIEME MANDAT

    Le président Idriss Deby, à la tête du pays après avoir pris le pouvoir lors d’un coup d’état en 1990, a remporté les élections au cours du premier tour avec 61,5 pour cent des voix, selon les résultats publiés par la Commission électorale nationale indépendante (CENI) le 22 avril. Le 21 avril, les candidats de l'opposition ont émis des doutes sur la crédibilité des votes. Selon la CENI, le taux de participation a été de 76,11 pour cent.

    BASSIN DU LAC TCHAD

    L’AMBASSADRICE AMERICAINE A L’ONU ANNONCE L’OCTROI DE 40 MILLIONS DE DOLLARS

    Au cours d'une visite au Cameroun et au Nigeria qui a commencé le 18 avril, l'ambassadrice des États-Unis auprès des Nations Unies Samantha Power a dit que les Etats-Unis fourniront près de 40 millions de dollars US d'aide humanitaire pour la région du lac Tchad en Afrique afin de venir en aide aux personnes touchées par les violences de Boko Haram.

    NIGERIA

    HUIT TUES PAR DES FEMMES KAMIKAZES DANS UN CAMP DE L’ETAT DE BORNO

    Le 20 avril, deux femmes kamikazes ont tué au moins huit personnes et blessé douze autres dans un site de déplacés de la ville de Banki, dans le nord-est du pays près de la frontière camerounaise. L’attaque n’a pas été revendiquée à ce stade. Banki, qui se trouve à environ 120 km de la capitale d'état Maiduguri, avait été saisie par Boko Haram en 2013, mais les troupes nigérianes avaient conduit le groupe militant hors de la ville au début de l'année dernière.


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Jordan, Lebanon, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World

    Humanitarian situation

    Key messages

    • The number of forcibly displaced people (refugees and internally displaced people) has continued to rise alarmingly in 2015 and 2016, calling for increased humanitarian assistance worldwide.

    • The EU is a leading international donor for refugees. It gave €1.064 million for humanitarian assistance dedicated to refugees and IDPs financial year 2015, as well as €200 million in ongoing projects from development assistance. The funding covers projects that help in access to shelter, protection, food and other basic services such as health, nutrition, water, sanitation, hygiene and education.

    • Humanitarian aid aims at upholding basic human rights and protecting children and adults against violence, abuse and exploitation through protection and advocacy activities.

    • In April 2016, the European Commission, in association with the European External Action Service (EEAS), adopted a new development-led approach to forced displacement, aimed at harnessing and strengthening the resilience and self-reliance of both the forcibly displaced and their host communities. Political, economic, development and humanitarian actors should be engaged from the outset and throughout displacement crises to work with third partner countries towards gradual socio-economic inclusion of the forcibly displaced. The objective is to end forced displacement and make people's lives better and more dignified during displacement.


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    Source: UN General Assembly
    Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, World, Yemen

    Summary

    The present report, which covers the period from January to December 2015, is submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 63/282, in which the Assembly requested the Secretary-General to submit an annual report on the Peacebuilding Fund.

    The Peacebuilding Fund celebrated a number of milestones in 2015, including the launch of its first cross-border initiative along the Kyrgyzstan-Tajikistan border and the allocation of over 15 per cent of investments to support women’s empowerment. Flexible management of the Fund in crisis-affected countries, including Burundi, Mali and Yemen and Ebola-affected countries, ensured that critical human rights and security initiatives were maintained in settings from which most donors had withdrawn their support. Despite these gains, waning finances have begun to limit the availability of funds to match demand.

    As recognized by independent global reviews, sufficient and predictable resources for peacebuilding will be needed for the Peacebuilding Fund to continue to realize its universally recognized role of supporting early, high-risk peacebuilding and promoting system-wide coherence.

    I. Introduction

    1. The present annual report, which covers the period from 1 January to 31 December 2015, is the sixth report submitted pursuant to General Assembly resolution 63/282. It will be complemented by a financial report to be issued by the Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office no later than 1 May 2016. Additional information is available from www.unpbf.org, and complete information on individual projects is available on the Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office Gateway (http://mptf.undp.org).

    II. Global performance and lessons learned

    2. The year 2015 was dominated by key reviews of the role of the United Nations in making and sustaining peace, namely, the High-level Independent Panel on Peace Operations, the review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture and the High-level review of the implementation of Security Council resolution 1325 (2000), which validated the Peacebuilding Fund’s role in incentivizing a system-wide, politically engaged response and in promoting coherence in crisis settings. As a central pillar within the peacebuilding architecture, the Peacebuilding Support Office welcomes the recommendations of those reviews, many of which it has already begun to implement.

    3. The call by the review of the peacebuilding architecture for greater engagement between the Peacebuilding Commission and the Fund was advanced as early as June at the Commission’s annual session, during which participants issued a strong warning about the dangers of a fragmented and underresourced funding system. Those concerns were echoed during an informal meeting on Somalia — a Fund-recipient country — hosted by the Commission in November, at which participants agreed on the critical importance of predictable and coherent funding. Building upon that momentum, starting in 2016, the Fund will approach the Commission to host informal discussions on the five-year vision of newly eligible Fund-recipient countries.

    4. Calls by the reviews for strengthened partnership with international financial institutions implicitly recognize the importance of coherence, not just in relation to peacebuilding initiatives, but also to the development strategies that follow. In that spirit, the Peacebuilding Support Office and the World Bank solidified their cooperation in 2015, with the Bank hosting the semi-annual meeting of the Fund’s Advisory Group in November. In addition to mapping the way forward on joint evaluations in the Central African Republic and Somalia, the meeting also highlighted progress on the thematic review of employment and peacebuilding, an initiative bringing together the Peacebuilding Support Office, the World Bank, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the International Labour Organization (ILO). Following the meeting, the Fund and the World Bank held their first quarterly meeting to plan joint approaches to project design, monitoring and evaluation to better align their work in the future.


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    Source: UN General Assembly
    Country: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burundi, Central African Republic, Colombia, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Madagascar, Mali, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, World, Yemen

    Résumé

    Le présent rapport, qui porte sur la période allant de janvier à décembre 2015, est soumis en application de la résolution 63/282 de l’Assemblée générale, dans laquelle celle-ci a prié le Secrétaire général de lui présenter chaque année un rapport sur le Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix.

    Le Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix a franchi plusieurs étapes importantes en 2015, notamment en mettant en oeuvre sa première initiative transfrontière, le long de la frontière entre le Kirghizistan et le Tadjikistan, et en allouant plus de 15 % de ses investissements à la promotion de l’autonomisation des femmes. Grâce à une gestion souple des ressources du Fonds dans des pays en situation de crise, notamment au Burundi, au Mali et au Yémen et dans les pays touchés par le virus Ebola, des projets essentiels pour les droits de l’homme et la sécurité ont été maintenus dans des lieux qui ne bénéficiaient plus de l’appui de la plupart des donateurs. Malgré ces avancées, la baisse des financements signifie que les fonds disponibles commencent à ne plus correspondre aux besoins.

    Ainsi que cela a été établi dans le cadre d’examens mondiaux indépendants, il faudra consacrer des ressources suffisantes et prévisibles à la consolidation de la paix pour que le Fonds puisse continuer à s’acquitter de son rôle universellement reconnu, qui consiste à appuyer la consolidation de la paix dès ses premiers stades et dans des situations présentant des risques élevés et à promouvoir la cohérence à l’échelle du système des Nations Unies.

    I. Introduction

    1. Le présent rapport annuel, qui porte sur la période allant du 1er janvier au 31 décembre 2015, est le sixième établi en application de la résolution 63/282 de l’Assemblée générale. Il sera complété par un rapport financier que le Bureau des fonds d’affectation spéciale pluripartenaires publiera le 1er mai 2016 au plus tard. On trouvera des renseignements complémentaires sur le site du Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix (www.unpbf.org) et des informations détaillées concernant les différents projets mis en oeuvre sur le portail du Bureau des fonds d’affectation spéciale pluripartenaires (http://mptf.undp.org).

    II. Résultats mondiaux et enseignements tirés de l’expérience

    2. L’année 2015 a été marquée par d’importantes analyses du rôle que l’Organisation des Nations Unies joue en matière d’établissement et de maintien de la paix, à savoir l’examen du Groupe indépendant de haut niveau chargé d’étudier les opérations de paix, l’examen du dispositif de consolidation de la paix des Nations Unies et l’examen de haut niveau de la mise en oeuvre de la résolution 1325 (2000) du Conseil de sécurité, qui ont confirmé l’importance que le Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix revêt en encourageant une mobilisation engagée sur le plan politique à l’échelle du système et en promouvant l’unité d’action en situation de crise. Principal pilier du dispositif de consolidation de la paix, le Bureau d’appui à la consolidation de la paix se félicite des recommandations issues de ces examens et a déjà commencé à en mettre en oeuvre un grand nombre.

    3. La nécessité d’une collaboration accrue entre la Commission de consolidation de la paix et le Fonds pour la consolidation de la paix, soulignée lors de l’examen du dispositif de consolidation de la paix, a été exprimée dès le mois de juin lors de la session annuelle de la Commission, au cours de laquelle les participants ont fermement mis en garde contre les dangers d’un système de financement fragmentaire et ne disposant pas des moyens nécessaires. Ces préoccupations ont également été évoquées lors d’une réunion informelle sur la Somalie – l’un des pays bénéficiaires du Fonds − organisée par la Commission en novembre, au cours de laquelle les participants sont convenus de l’importance cruciale de disposer d’un financement prévisible et cohérent. À la faveur de cette dynamique, à compter de 2016, le Fonds demandera à la Commission d’organiser des discussions informelles sur les ambitions pour les cinq années à venir des nouveaux pays admis à bénéficier de ses projets.

    4. Les appels en faveur du renforcement du partenariat avec les institutions financières internationales qui ont été lancés dans le cadre des examens reconnaissent implicitement l’importance de la cohérence, pour ce qui est non seulement des projets de consolidation de la paix mais aussi de l’élaboration des stratégies de développement ultérieures. Dans cette optique, le Bureau d’appui à la consolidation de la paix et la Banque mondiale ont accru leur coopération en 2015, la Banque ayant accueilli en novembre la réunion semestrielle du Groupe consultatif du Fonds. En plus d’ouvrir la voie à des évaluations communes de la situation en République centrafricaine et en Somalie, cette réunion a également mis en relief les progrès accomplis en ce qui concerne l’examen thématique de l’emploi et de la consolidation de la paix, une initiative réunissant le Bureau d’appui à la consolidation de la paix, la Banque mondiale, le Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) et l’Organisation internationale du Travail (OIT). À l’issue de cette réunion, le Fonds et la Banque mondiale ont tenu leur première réunion trimestrielle visant à planifier des approches communes de la conception, du suivi et de l’évaluation de projets, l’objectif étant de mieux harmoniser leurs travaux à l’avenir.


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    Source: Mercy Corps
    Country: Nigeria

    OVERVIEW

    The humanitarian situation in southern Borno is dire, with large numbers of internally displaced persons (IDPs) displaced for up to a year or more who have received little or no external assistance.

    Other than limited food and non-food item (NFI) distributions in Biu and some water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and shelter support to new IDPs from the Red Cross Movement, no humanitarian agencies have been present in the area. This includes Biu town, which alone hosts at least 30,000 IDPs, most of them staying with local families who are themselves facing extremely difficult circumstances. In Hawul Local Government Area (LGA), the situation is even more critical, with a mixed population of up to 48,000 IDPs and several thousand returnees living among impoverished host community members.They are isolated and vulnerable and without access to adequate food and water, let alone basic health services. Needs are equally pressing among IDPs in neighboring LGAs including Kwaya Kusar, where up to 5,000 individuals are displaced. IDPs in all these locations are reporting that between Hawul LGA and Gombi LGA in Adamawa State, many settlements have been completely destroyed by the insurgents. As the military continues to reclaim territory and IDPs start to return, the scale of needs is likely to further increase for food supplies, shelter materials, livelihoods support, WASH and NFIs, as well as protection, health and education service provision.


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    Source: AlertNet
    Country: Chad, Nigeria

    Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Wed, 27 Apr 2016 15:25 GMT

    By Kieran Guilbert

    DAKAR, April 27 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Fear of new Boko Haram attacks in the Lake Chad area is discouraging around 100,000 people uprooted by violence from heading home and is hindering aid operations, agencies said on Wednesday, days after Chad extended its state of emergency.

    Thomson Reuters Foundation


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, United States of America

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • UN estimates that Boko Haram exploits children for 20 percent of bombing attacks

    • ASYG/RHC Lanzer advocates for additional assistance for the Lake Chad Basin

    • Ambassador Power announces more than $40 million in new USG assistance for the Lake Chad Basin response

    KEY DEVELOPMENTS

    • Assistant Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator (ASYG/RHC) for the Sahel Toby Lanzer is advocating for further humanitarian assistance to the Lake Chad Basin response, following an early April trip to the region—the ASYG/RHC’s third visit since August 2015. During the trip, ASYG/RHC Lanzer traveled to northeastern Nigeria as part of a multi-UN agency assessment that reinforced the need for continued emergency food assistance, host community support, and protection services. In recent weeks, USAID and State/PRM officials in Washington, D.C., and Nigeria’s capital city of Abuja have engaged closely with ASYG/RHC Lanzer on the evolving humanitarian response.

    • On April 19, Permanent Representative to the UN Ambassador Samantha Power announced more than $40 million in new U.S. Government (USG) funding to meet urgent needs in the Lake Chad Basin. The assistance includes more than $21.3 million from State/PRM and more than $18.8 million from USAID/FFP to support response efforts in Cameroon, Niger, and northeastern Nigeria. Together with recently committed funding, the announcement—made during Ambassador Power’s mid-April trip to Cameroon, Chad, and Nigeria to highlight critical needs in the region—brings total FY 2015-2016 USG humanitarian assistance for the Lake Chad Basin crisis to nearly $244 million.

    • USAID/FFP recently provided $24.8 million to scale up emergency food assistance in northeastern Nigeria. The total includes $18.8 million announced by Ambassador Power, as well as $6 million in new funding to the UN World Food Program (WFP) to support mobile phone-based cash transfers to vulnerable households in the northeast.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | jeudi 28/04/2016 - 10:29 GMT

    Le gouvernement du Niger a prolongé de trois mois l'état d'urgence dans la région de Diffa (sud-est), proche du Nigeria, en raison du "niveau de menace élevé" du groupe islamiste Boko Haram, a annoncé jeudi la télévision publique.

    "La situation sécuritaire dans la région de Diffa reste encore préoccupante avec un niveau de menace assez élevé dû aux attaques de Boko Haram", précise un communiqué du conseil des ministres lu à la télévision.

    "L'état d'urgence" est ainsi prorogé pour "trois mois à compter du 28 avril 2016" dans cette zone frontalière du nord-est du Nigeria, considéré comme le fief des islamistes, précise le texte.

    L'état d’urgence, qui accorde des pouvoirs supplémentaires aux forces de sécurité dont celui "d'ordonner des perquisitions à domicile de jour et de nuit", a été instauré en février 2015 après les premières attaques de Boko Haram contre le Niger. Il a été depuis reconduit plusieurs fois du fait de "la persistance" des raids meurtriers des insurgés nigérians.

    La menace s'est aggravée avec le départ des troupes du Tchad et du Niger des localités nigérianes de Malam Fatori et Damasack, proches du Niger, d'où elles avaient chassé les combattants de Boko Haram en mars 2015.

    Après le départ des militaires, Boko Haram a réoccupé ses deux anciens fiefs.

    Mercredi, le général nigérian, Lamidi Adeosun, chef de la force régionale basée dans le bassin du Lac Tchad, a critiqué à Niamey la lenteur de la communauté internationale à concrétiser le soutien promis pour lutter efficacement contre Boko Haram.

    Avec 8.500 hommes, la force régionale a réussi à nettement réduire les activités militaires du groupe islamiste nigérian sans pour autant parvenir à le mettre hors d'état de nuire.

    bh/ck/dab

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Protection Cluster
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Rescue of Civilians and Civilian Casualties

    • Strong and continued counter-insurgency offensive by the military has continued throughout April particularly in Borno, with higher incidents of rescued civilians.

    • According to the analysis done by UNHCR, from January through April 26, 2016, 372 civilians died and 284 were injured.

    • A total of 5,239 civilians have been reported to be released or rescued in 2016. On April 18th, the Borno Protection Sector members conducted a rapid assessment in ATC camp in Borno of 526 rescued civilians and on March 17th and March 30th UNHCR rapidly assessed 453 rescued civilians in NYSC camp in Adamawa. These civilians reported to have experienced abduction, violence, sexual abuse, witnessed killing of family members or community members and family separation.
      Specific cases with protection needs were identified for services including young girls forcefully “married” to Boko Haram members, female-headed households who were widowed by the conflict, unaccompanied and separated children, cases of mental disabilities and elderly with disabilities. Protection actors advocate for increased provision of targeted assistance to individuals rescued by the military.

    o HCT members should encourage military to promote access to services during captivity; family contact and union; and collaboration with protection and humanitarian actors.

    o Protection Sector members are available to support the development of applicable Standard Operating Procedures


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Protection Cluster
    Country: Nigeria

    Background

    Humanitarian actors are alarmed by the increasing incidents of insecurity within IDP sites and surrounding areas in north eastern Nigeria. On 9 February 2016, two female suicide bombers attacked a site for internally displaced Nigerians in Dikwa Local Government Area (LGA) located some 90 kms west of the Borno capital, Maidugiri, killing more than 58 people and injuring more than 80. This follows an escalation in targeted attacks against civilians and IDPs in several areas in Borno in the recent past and the attempted attack on Dalori IDP Camp on 30 January 2016, as well as an attack inside Malkohi IDP camp in Yola, Adamawa on 11 September 2015 that resulted in the death of 7 IDPs and left 20 injured including humanitarian actors from the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA).

    In September 2015, the Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons issued a press statement condemning the attack in Malkohi camp and calling for improvement of security and for accountability measures against perpetrators. Taking note of “screening measures” implemented by authorities, the Special rapporteur reminded authorities that the vast majority of IDPs are innocent civilians and highlighted the need to ensure that security measures respect fundamental rights such as freedom of movement and family unity.

    Within this context, military and security actors have introduced “security and vigilance measures” aimed at enhancing IDP security. These measures, often implemented by self-defense vigilantes like the Civilian Joint Task Force (CJTF), include: (a) Transportation of IDPs, returnees etc. during the day to allow adequate time for screening at destination points (b) the use of military escorts; (c) body searches, and (d) deployment of anti-bomb squads to conduct sweeps in all the camps.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area. Gaya market represents a main urban market for maize with cross-border connections. Maradi, Tounfafi, and Diffa are regional assembly and cross-border markets for Niger and other countries in the region. These are markets where households and herders coming from the northern cereal deficit areas regularly buy their food. Agadez and Zinder are also important national and regional markets. Nguigmi and Abalak are located in pastoral areas, where people are heavily dependent on cereal markets for their food supply. They are particularly important during the rainy season, when herders are confined to the pastoral zone.


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