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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Senegal

    Evolution moyenne des prix des denrées favorise l’accès des ménages aux marchés

    MESSAGE CLES

    • L’évolution des cultures de contre saison de riz se poursuit activement dans la vallée du fleuve Sénégal avec des perspectives de production supérieures à la moyenne. Les emplois agricoles qu’elles génèrent constituent des opportunités moyennes de revenus et de nourriture pour les ménages pauvres d’avril à juin-juillet.

    • L’approvisionnement des marchés en céréales reste suffisant sur tous les marchés en dépit de la baisse saisonnière des offres liée à l’épuisement progressive des stocks paysans.

    • La baisse du prix du mil de 15 pour cent et du riz brisure de 7 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne favorise un accès moyen des ménages aux denrées à partir des revenus moyens à supérieurs à la moyenne tirés des activités habituelles. Par conséquent, les ménages du pays sont globalement en insécurité alimentaire minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC).

    • Les ménages pauvres des départements de Matam, Kanel,
      Raneyrou, Linguère et Louga victimes d’un épuisement précoce de stocks, ceux victimes des inondations et en besoin de reconstitution de biens à travers le pays ne pourront satisfaire convenablement leurs besoins alimentaires sans recourir de façon atypique à des stratégies d’adaptation. Ils seront par conséquent en insécurité alimentaire de Stress (Phase 2 IPC) de juin jusqu’aux nouvelles récoltes en octobre.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mauritania

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Local rice and sorghum are the most consumed food products by poor households in Mauritania followed by imported wheat which is a substitute that these households turn to the most. Local rice is grown in the river valley (in the southern regions of Trarza, Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha). Sorghum is produced in all areas of production (rainfed) and in flood-recession areas. However, a significant portion is imported from Mali and Senegal. Mauritania depends greatly on food imports (70% in a good agricultural year and 85% in a bad year) than on internal production. Nouakchott is the principal collection market for imported products and also the distribution market where traders acquire supplies for the secondary markets referenced below. Cooking oil is consumed mainly in urban areas. The sale of animals is a lifestyle in all areas and an important source of income and food.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Nigeria

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Sorghum, maize, millet, cowpea, gari (fermented cassava starch), and rice are all found in Nigerian markets. Sorghum, millet and maize are widely consumed by most households, but especially in the north, and are used by various industries. Maize is mainly used by the poultry industry as a raw material for feed while sorghum is used by breweries for producing beverages. Sorghum and millet are important for households in the north, particularly the border markets where millet is also heavily traded with Niger. Gari is widely consumed by households in the south and some in the north. Rice is produced and consumed throughout the country. The north is a major production and consumption area for cowpea which flows to the south for use by households and food processing industries.

    Ilela, Maidua, and Damasak are all critical cross-border markets with Niger. Saminaka, Giwa, Dandume, and Kaura Namuda are important grain markets in the north, which are interconnected with the Dawanu market in Kano, the largest wholesale market in West Africa, and some southern markets such as the Bodija market in Ibadan. Millet, sorghum, maize, and cowpea are among the most important cereals traded at Dawanu, while cassava and some cereals are traded with Bodija.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali

    Millet, rice, and sorghum constitute the basic staple foods for the majority of the Malian population. Millet has traditionally been the most widely consumed, but since 2005 rice has become a popular substitute in urban households. Sorghum is generally more important for rural than urban households. Markets included are indicative of local conditions within their respective regions. Ségou is one of the most important markets for both the country and region because it is located in a very large grain production area. Bamako, the capital and largest urban center in the country, functions as an assembly market. It receives cereals from Koulikoro, Ségou, and Sikasso for consumption and also acts as an assembly market for trade with the northern regions of the country (Kayes and Koulikoro) and Mauritania. Markets in the deficit areas of the country (Timbuktu and Gao) receive their supplies of millet and rice from Mopti, Ségou and Sikasso.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali

    Evolution des prix favorable à un accès moyen des ménages aux denrées alimentaires

    MESSAGE CLES

    • L’approvisionnement suffisant des marchés à travers le pays à des prix similaires ou en baisse par rapport à la moyenne favorise l’accès des ménages aux denrées tout au long de l’année alimentaire 2015/16. Par conséquent, la majorité des zones du pays restera en situation d’insécurité alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC) jusqu’à la fin de la soudure en septembre 2016.

    • Les conditions générales d’élevage globalement moyennes à travers le pays augurent d’une soudure pastorale normale pour le bétail ; ce qui est favorable à une production et un embonpoint du bétail moyen garantissant des revenus moyens pour les éleveurs.

    • La dépendance précoce aux marchés des ménages pauvres de la zone des Lacs de Goundam victimes d’une mauvaise production agricole et ceux des zones pastorales du Gourma de Gao et de Tombouctou en baisse de revenu pastorale à cause de la réduction de la taille des troupeaux auront des difficultés à satisfaire leurs besoins alimentaires. Ils ont alors recours à des stratégies d’adaptation atypiques et seront par conséquent en insécurité alimentaire de Stress (Phase 2 de l’IPC) d’avril à septembre 2016.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burkina Faso

    Millet, maize, and sorghum are the most important food commodities for household consumption. Millet is the staple of the most vulnerable households, while maize and sorghum also contribute to the food basket of a majority of all households. Sankaryare market is the largest and most important market in Ouagadougou and supplies other markets within the country and region. Koudougou is located in one of the most populated areas in the country, where a majority of households depend on the market for their food needs. Djibo is in the highly vulnerable Sahelian zone. Pouytenga is an assembly market for products from Nigeria, Ghana, Benin, and Togo. Solenzo is a rural market located in the middle of a surplus production zone. Bobo Dioulasso is important center for both consumption and production – it functions as both the economic capital of Burkina Faso and is located in an important cereal production zone.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burkina Faso

    Accès normal à l’alimentation pour la majorité des ménages

    MESSAGES CLÉS

    • La stabilité relative des prix des produits alimentaires de base par rapport à la moyenne quinquennale et les revenus habituels issus de la vente du bétail, de la pratique de l’orpaillage et de la vente des produits maraichers, permettent aux ménages pauvres d’être en insécurité alimentaire Minimale (Phase 1 de l’IPC).

    • En ce mois d’Avril début de soudure pastorale habituelle, les animaux présentent un état physique satisfaisant du fait de la disponibilité du fourrage stocké, de l’approvisionnement plus que normal des marchés en sous-produits agro industriel avec des niveaux de prix similaires à la moyenne quinquennale. Toutefois, dans la zone agropastorale nord, l’abreuvement des animaux se fait assez difficilement avec le tarissement précoce de certains points d’eau.

    • Dans l’hypothèse d’une installation et d’un déroulement normal de la saison des pluies on pourrait s’attendre à la poursuite d’un approvisionnement régulier des marchés céréaliers et à une bonne disponibilité en pâturage et en eau. Toutes choses qui permettraient le maintien des prix des céréales et des animaux autour de la moyenne saisonnière jusqu’en septembre. Les revenus de la maind’œuvre seraient similaires à une année normale.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Chad, Ghana, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    West Africa can be divided into three agro-ecological zones or three different trade basins (West Basin, Central Basin and East Basin). Both important for understanding market behavior and dynamics.

    The three major agro-ecological zones are the Sahelian, the Sudanese and the Coastal zones where production and consumption can be easily classified. (1) In the Sahelian zone, millet is the principal cereal cultivated and consumed particularly in rural areas and increasingly, when accessible, in urban areas. Exceptions include Cape Verde where maize and rice are most important, Mauritania where sorghum and maize are staples, and Senegal with rice. The principal substitutes in the Sahel are sorghum, rice, and cassava flour (Gari), the latter two in times of shortage. (2) In the Sudanese zone (southern Chad, central Nigeria, Benin, Ghana, Togo, Côte d'Ivoire, southern Burkina Faso, Mali, Senegal, Guinea Bissau, Serra Leone, Liberia) maize and sorghum constitute the principal cereals consumed by the majority of the population. They are followed by rice and tubers, particularly cassava and yam. (3) In the Coastal zone, with two rainy seasons, yam and maize constitute the most important food products. They are supplemented by cowpea, which is a significant source of protein.

    The three trade basins are known as the West, Central, and East basins. In addition to the north to south movement of particular commodities, certain cereals flow horizontally. (1) The West basin refers to Mauritania, Senegal, western Mali, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, and The Gambia where rice is most heavily traded. (2) The Central basin consists of Côte d'Ivoire, central and eastern Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Togo where maize is commonly traded. (3) The East basin refers to Niger, Nigeria, Chad, and Benin where millet is traded most frequently. These three trade basins are shown on the map above.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Chad

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Sorghum, millet, white maize, and local and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is most heavily consumed in the eastern and northern regions of the country. Local rice is another basic food commodity, especially for poorer households. Imported rice and white maize are most commonly consumed in and around the capital. The Marché d'Atrone in N’Djamena, the capital city, is the largest market for cereals. Moundou is an important consumer center for sorghum and the second largest market after the capital. The Abéché market is located in a northern production area. The Sarh market is both a local retail market and a cross-border market


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Food security improving across Sahel, but millions are still in need of assistance.

    • Nearly 3 million people in the Lake Chad region are facing severe food shortages.

    • Clashes between herders and farmers in Côte d’Ivoire displace over 6,000 people.

    • Between January and April, DRC reports 5,757 cholera cases.

    • Ebola resurfaces for the third time in Liberia, Guinea sees its first flare-up.

    KEY FIGURES

    People displaced in Lake Chad Basin - 2.4M

    Severely food insecure people in Lake Chad Basin - 2.9M

    People facing crisis level of food insecurity in the Sahel - 6.7M

    Rising food insecurity across Lake Chad Basin

    Food insecurity triggered by the ongoing conflict in the Lake Chad region is expected to deepen as families exhaust their reserves and the lean season progresses. Nearly three million people in the regions worst-affected by Boko Haram violence are currently facing severe food shortages.
    Markets have been disrupted and food prices increased. Transhumance and livelihoods have been hamstrung, and in certain regions, the lean season has started earlier than usual. The majority of the food insecure people are in Nigeria’s north-eastern Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states. Some 2.3 million people in these three states are in crisis phase and need humanitarian assistance, according to the March analysis of the Cadre Harmonisé.

    In Borno, around 217,000 people are in the emergency phase of food insecurity and need immediate assistance. Interagency needs assessments are currently taking place in newly accessible areas that point to larger numbers of people in urgent need. Households in Chad’s western Lac region have mostly depleted their cereal stocks from the last harvest, as they have had to share food, homes and other resources with those forced to flee their villages due to attacks. In turn, families are now dependent on the markets for cereals, but where supply shortages have been reported, the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) observed.

    The influx of displaced people in Cameroon’s Far North region has also exerted pressure on households hosting them. The region is one of the most impoverished in the country and residents often grapple with recurrent food shortages. Currently, 170,000 people are displaced, a seven per cent increase compared to four months ago. The displacement, conflict and disrupted livelihoods have left some 203,000 people severely food insecure.

    Niger’s southern Diffa region, which hosts some 100,000 displaced people, is expected to see the highest levels of food insecurity in the country in the coming months. Already, 143,000 are severely food insecure in the region. As in the other conflict-hit areas, the adversity of the conflict has stocked hunger among the local communities and the displaced people.


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    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Cameroon

    A. Situation analysis

    Description of the disaster

    In November 2015, eight hundred and fifty eight (858) cases of measles were reported among the communities in the Far North and North regions of Cameroon, which are under the “control” of the Boko Haram group. Of all the recorded cases, the Mokolo district (Mayo-Tsanaga Division) in the Far North region accounted for 587 cases, which for a population of 211,906 people presented an extremely concerning “attack rate”. Given the Mokolo health district is located close to the Chad and Nigerian borders, it raised the risk of the epidemic spreading to these countries.
    Cameroon has reported unsatisfactory vaccination coverage against the disease (72 per cent) in accordance with the World Health Organization's (WHO) AFRO “Eliminating Measles in Africa Region by 2020” resolution, and it was therefore proposed that an immediate National measles and rubella (MR) campaign should be initiated to address the epidemic (from 24 – 28 November 2016).

    On 16 November 2015, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released 61,205 Swiss franc from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Cameroon Red Cross Society (CRCS) support the Public Ministry of Health (MoH) led vaccination campaign through social mobilization activities targeting 1,609,629 people (95 per cent of children aged 9 months to 14 years) in 30 health districts (Bogo, Bourha, Gazawa, Goulfrey, Guere, Guidiguis, Hina, Kaele, Kar Hay, Kolofata, Kousseri, Koza, Mada, Maga, Makary, Maroua 1, Maroua 2, Maroua 3, Meria, Mindif, Mogode, Mokolo, Mora, Moulvoudaye, Moutourwa, Pette, Roua, Tokombere, Vele and Yagoua) of the Far North region of Cameroon. Activities planned included: refresher training/deployment of volunteers to the affected health districts and dissemination of information, education and communication (IEC) materials.

    The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) the Medtronic and Zurich Foundations and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the Cameroon Red Cross Society would like to extend many thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, REACH Initiative
    Country: Niger


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Note: l'UNHCR a renforcé les capacités des Centres de Santé Intégrés (CSI) de Mangaizé et Tlemces dans la riposte vaccinale.
    Un système de suivi et de vaccination systématique de tous les nouveaux arrivés dans les camps a été mis en place.La majorité des cas détectés concernent les personnes âgées de plus de 15 ans.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees, REACH Initiative
    Country: Niger


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Significant funding shortfalls in UNHCR’s operations put refugees and internally displaced populations at risk in the Central African Republic (CAR) and the sub-region;

    • In CAR, UNHCR and UNDP identified pilot areas in displaced sites in Bangui to initiate voluntary return assistance;

    • UNHCR and its partners conducted a large-scale vaccination campaign in Chad, reaching some 11,000 refugee children;

    • In Cameroon, the biometric registration of refugees in Gado was completed and will be conducted in the site of Borgop;

    • UNHCR launched the biometric registration of CAR refugees hosted in the Democratic Republic of the Congo;

    • UNHCR strengthened the education response in the Republic of the Congo.

    Operational Context

    Sporadic security incidents continue and the number of internally displaced in CAR decreases –  The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) decreased between February and March 2016 from 435,000 to 420,000 people. This reduction is mainly due to return movements observed in specific IDP sites located in the interior (Batangafo, Bouca, Kaga Bandoro), which is greater than the sporadic displacement taking place in the northwestern and eastern part of the country. As of the end of March, there are 97 active IDP sites across CAR, including 18 sites in Bangui. Of the 420,000 recorded IDPs, 44 per cent are sheltered in IDP sites while the rest are reportedly residing with host families. The largest concentration of IDPs is in Ouaka Prefecture, where more than 61,000 people are sheltered in 10 IDP sites while others reside with host families (see map).

    The month of March witnessed two security incidents targeting a public space (a grenade was thrown in a restaurant injuring 12 people including four UNHCR staff) and IDP sites (three people were injured in an armed attack against an IDP site) in Bambari. Transhumance-related violence involving Fulani herdsmen and anti-Balaka armed groups was observed in West and Central CAR, forcing the displacement of local communities westwards towards Koui and Bocaranga.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Niger

    La situation sécuritaire s'est nettement dégradée dans la région de Diffa. En moyenne, la région a enregistré 1 événement sécuritaire tous les 5 jours durant ce premier trimestre de l'année. L'état d'urgence est toujours en vigueur .


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.

    Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.


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