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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Afrique Verte
    Country: Mali

    Pour les « Prix Producteurs »Les prix collectés ce mois d’octobre 2015, nous indiquent que :

    • Riz Local Gambiaka: le prix le moins cher est 270 FCFA/kg enregistré à Klela suivi de Niono avec 275, Siengo enregistre 285, Konodimini en hausse avec 300, 325 à Dioro et le plus cher avec 350 FCFA/kg enregistré à Sofara.

    • Riz Local Adny11 : il est vendu à 275 FCFA/kg à Siengo (Ségou) et 380 FCFA/kg à Baguinéda (Koulikoro).

    • Riz Local étuvé : il est vendu à 400 FCFA/kg maximum à Niono, Siengo enregistre 350 FCFA/Kg, 275 FCFA/kg à Kléla pour la variété Gambiaka et le même prix pour la variété BG à Sofara et cédé au prix bas de 260 FCFA/kg à Konodimini (Ségou).

    • Paddy : les prix des différentes variétés varient de 125 et 221 FCFA/kg le prix le plus bas est enregistré à Siengo et le plus élevé à Tombouctou.

    • Les Semences : les prix ont évolué entre 300 FCFA/kg variété Kogoni et 335 variété BG à Baguinéda.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Algeria, Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    Faits saillants:

    • 151 écoles restent fermées dans la région de Diffa depuis l’année dernière.

    • Les programmes d’assistance alimentaire pour la période de soudure ont pris fin. Cependant des besoins urgents subsistent dans la région de Diffa.

    • De nouveaux afflux de réfugiés maliens sont observés dans les régions de Tillabéry et Tahoua.

    • Les opérations de rapatriement des migrants nigériens de l’Algérie se poursuivent.


    Nb. de personnes touchées par l’insécurité alimentaire (Projection du Système d’Alerte Précoce, mai 2015) 3 632 340

    Nb. d’enfants attendus en malnutrition aiguë en 2015 1 038 858

    Nb. de personnes déplacées internes (Source : DREC août 2015) 47 023

    Nb. de réfugiés nigérians et de nigériens retournés du Nigéria (Source :
    DREC août 2015) 165 892 (93 343 réfugiés et 72 549 retournés)


    376 millions fonds requis (en US$)

    44 % financés

    Diffa : sauver la scolarité de plus de 12 000 élèves

    L’éducation dans la région de Diffa reste affectée par les conséquences de l’insécurité qui sévit dans la région depuis février 2015 en raison des activités de Boko Haram. Selon les autorités régionales, 151 écoles ont dû fermer, privant depuis un an 12000 enfants d’éducation. Ces écoles sont situées le long de la rivière Komadougou, sorte de frontière naturelle avec le Nigéria, notamment dans les départements de Bosso et Diffa.

    Le Gouvernement, en collaboration avec les partenaires humanitaires, a élaboré un plan d’urgence pour permettre le retour des enfants concernés en classe avant fin novembre. La stratégie consiste à prendre des mesures permettant de relocaliser ces élèves dans des écoles fonctionnelles tout en leur garantissant des conditions de vie et d’apprentissage acceptables. Sur le plan pédagogique, au regard du retard accusé par ces élèves, des cours de remise à niveau seront organisés. Ces écoles seront dotées de cantines scolaires. Un comité technique, piloté par le Gouvernement et composé de partenaires humanitaires, examine l’approche la plus appropriée pour la mise en œuvre de cette stratégie.

    Un programme d’éducation à distance est également mis en place dans la région au profit des élèves des camps de réfugiés et des enfants nigériens retournés du Nigéria. Au 30 juin 2015, la région de Diffa comptait, 1 040 écoles réparties dans 11 inspections du primaire et du préscolaire. L’effectif global des élèves s’élevait à 67 579 enfants encadrés par 3 381 enseignants. Le nombre total de salles de classes était de 2 707 dont 1 396 paillottes.

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    Source: IRIN
    Country: Nigeria

    MAIDUGURI/YOLA, 17 November 2015 (IRIN) - Memuna* was four months pregnant when Boko Haram attacked her village on the outskirts of Bama, some 60 kilometres southeast of the Borno State capital of Maiduguri.

    Her husband was killed during the September 2014 raid. She was captured and thrown into a cage by the militants after becoming separated from her five children.

    They released her after discovering she was pregnant and Memuna, 35, was eventually reunited with three of her children in a camp for internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the Government Girls’ College in Maiduguri. She does not know if her oldest two sons are still alive.

    Life in the camp hasn’t been easy but at least they’re safe.

    Soon, however, Memuna and the 4,500 other women and children she shares former classrooms with may be forced to return to the very place they fled from.

    The Nigerian government has announced plans to start closing IDP camps by the end of December in Adamawa State, and, in January, in Borno State. A campaign led by the government’s National Emergency Management Agency is urging all IDPs to do go voluntarily before they are forced.

    “With the increased pace of rebuilding all destroyed communities by the state’s Ministry of Reconstruction, Rehabilitation and Resettlement, all the displaced people are expected to return to their homes in the next six months,” said Borno State Governor Kashim Shettima.

    Is it too early?

    Victor Lahai, head of Borno operations for the UN emergency aid coordination body OCHA, told IRIN it is only sustainable for IDPs to return to their homes if the security situation has improved sufficiently, and if the communities they are returning to have the infrastructure and means to absorb them again.

    “If those conditions are not met, there will be another secondary displacement, thereby causing more humanitarian [need] in the state,” he said.

    Since the escalation of the conflict in 2009, more than two million people have been displaced in northeastern Nigeria.

    While fewer than 10 percent are estimated to be living in camps, with the rest staying in host communities, nearly 200,000 people could soon be forced to take refugee elsewhere if the government goes ahead and closes the 23 IDP camps scattered across Adamawa, Borno and a third state, Yobe.

    See: Lost in the city

    According to the Nigerian authorities, Boko Haram has been pushed out of most of the northeast by the Nigerian military and a regional force. The government says the insurgents hold only two of the 20 areas they once controlled in Borno State.

    But Boko Haram is still a threat. There are daily reports of armed attacks by groups of insurgents or suicide bombings on communities and markets, especially in Borno and Yobe states.

    Babachir David Lawal, the secretary to the government of the federation, said the recent increase in terrorist attacks in public places was a sign that the group is losing ground territorially.

    “Knowing that their days are numbered, it is clear that they [Boko Haram] have changed their styles and strategies and have now resorted to bomb blasts, even in religious areas.”

    Want to go home, but can’t

    While the vast majority of displaced people wish to go home, eight out of 10 said they didn’t feel safe enough to return, and 17 percent said they would need more money to do so, according to surveys conducted by the International Organization for Migration.

    Many of the women IRIN spoke to at the Government Girls’ College camp expressed similar sentiments.

    “There is no life for us here,” said Fanta,* a 35-year-old mother of four. “But when I think of going back, I remember the attack and my heart beats fast. I don’t think we are safe to return.”

    See: Millions going hungry because of Boko Haram

    The Protection Sector Working Group, co-led by the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR, and the National Human Rights Commission, says all IDPs should be told the extent of the destruction in their communities in order to make informed decisions. Should they decide to return home, they must be given reintegration support, including cash and household necessities.

    "We appreciate the Nigerian government's efforts in supporting IDPs and the desire to help them get back to their normal lives,” Enira Krdzalic, IOM’s chief of mission in Nigeria, told IRIN. “The majority of IDPs would like to return back to their places of origin, but IOM reaffirms its commitment… in ensuring voluntary, safe and dignified returns for IDPs."

    NEMA officials declined to comment on the security situation or the relocation campaign, but continue to post flyers that read: “Come back home” and distribute leaflets to IDPs that assure their safety if they return.

    Nothing to go back to

    Some 320,000 people have returned to Adamawa State during the past five months, following the government‘s recent push. The majority are farmers or traders.

    Some hid stocks the attackers didn’t find. Others saved enough money to buy provisions or tools to till their land again. Most are having to start again from scratch. Houses have been destroyed, shops looted, schools burnt and fields lie barren. Many return to find water sources polluted with the bodies of people or animals killed by Boko Haram.

    Until infrastructure and sanitation systems are restored, people have no choice but to boil up the contaminated water and drink it. Children remain idle as schools are closed, and the sick have nowhere to go as the hospitals are still not operational.

    “The humanitarian response in the northeast has improved over the past year, but significant unmet needs remain, particularly in nutrition, health, food security and protection,” Yannick Pouchalan, head of mission for the French NGO Action Against Hunger, told IRIN. “There is a need to scale up the response to meet these needs to allow IDPs to live until they feel safe enough to return.”

    Fifty-six-year-old Mustapha had enough of living in an informal settlement in the capital of Adamawa, Yola. He decided to go back to his village in Mubi, together with his six children and his wife, only to find his land burnt to the ground and his home half destroyed. He now lives in a makeshift shelter in the ruins of what used to be his home.

    During his displacement, his family survived on help provided by NGOs and distant relatives. Once back in his village, he lost this support. He earns a little by working on other people’s farms, but any joy at returning quickly turned to frustration.

    “I used to farm my own land and now I am dependent on others to feed my family,” he said. “I cannot send my children to school. Sometimes we eat only wild grass,” he said, covering his head with his hands.

    “We need help to buy tools and seeds for our land and materials to build our homes. If not, then why did we come back?”


    *Last name has been withheld

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    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria

    A. Situation analysis

    Description of the disaster

    In Cameroon, a measles epidemic that has been increasing and spreading across the country, with 858 cases now recorded, is now posing significant risk to remote and hard to reach communities. Over the past six weeks, the epidemic has gained momentum in the northern areas of Cameroon which are currently under Boko Haram ‘control’. Of all the recorded cases, the Mokolo health district (Mayo-Tsanaga department) in the Far North region accounts for 587 cases, with a population of 211,906 inhabitants, presents an extremely concerning attack rate – refer to “Figure 1: Mokolo Health District – Cases of measles (Weeks 1 - 41)”. The Mokolo health district is located close to the Chadian and Nigerian border, raising the risk of measles epidemic spreading. It can quickly engulf all the three countries making the situation difficult to address, given the implementation challenges experienced in the areas which are extremely insecure.

    Vaccination campaigns (for measles and rubella) aimed at curbing the epidemic are planned nationally. However access and support to the most heavily affected areas in the Far North province remain inaccessible to most actors.
    Apart from the International Red Cross Red Crescent Movement (RCRC) there are no other known humanitarian actors operating in the Mokolo district, which has experienced incursions suspected to be perpetrated by the Boko Haram militant group.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Guinea, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    A cholera outbreak has erupted in North region. Over the past month, 36 cases have been reported, 30 of them treated. No fatalities have been recorded so far. Preventive medical measures, treatment as well as population sensitization are ongoing.

    At least seven people were killed and hundreds of shelters for internally displaced persons (IDPs) torched following intercommunal fighting that erupted on 10 November in the western Batangafo locality. Armed men also looted the premises of a humanitarian organization. Around 30,000 IDPs have now sought safety at various military and NGO compounds in the area. Water and emergency latrines are the most critical needs.

    The Chadian Government on 9 November declared a state of emergency in Lac region owing to increasing attacks by suspected Boko Haram members. Under the state of emergency, the Governor of the region can restrict movement of people and vehicles and search homes among other measures. The Government also announced the release of US $4.8 million to boost agriculture, pastoralism, education and health among others in the region.

    Suspected Boko Haram gunmen raided a village in the south-eastern Bosso area on 11 November, killing five civilians. The Nigeria-based armed group has been blamed for a series of attacks on Bosso and neighbouring Diffa region since early this year.

    The Nigerian army said on 12 November it had rescued 61 people, mainly women and children, during an operation against Boko Haram in Borno State.
    Last month, the army had announced rescuing more than 330 people, also mostly women and children, held by the armed group in their Sambisa forest hideout.

    Guinea’s last confirmed Ebola case, an 18-day-old baby, has been discharged from an Ebola treatment centre in Conakry. If no new cases emerge in the next 42 days, WHO can declare Guinea free of Ebola transmission. Over the weekend, the last 68 Ebola contacts under surveillance had already been released from quarantine. In Liberia, which was declared Ebola-free on 3 September, Ebola Treatment Units (ETUs) are being closed down across the country except those in Lofa county near the border with Guinea. Meanwhile,
    ETUs are being set up in permanent health facilit

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Guinea, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone



    Une épidémie de choléra a débuté dans la région du nord du Cameroun. Au cours du dernier mois, 36 cas ont été signalés, 30 d'entre eux traités. Aucun décès n'a été noté jusqu'ici. Des mesures médicales préventives, le traitement ainsi que la sensibilisation de la population sont en cours.



    Au moins sept personnes ont été tuées et des centaines d'abris pour les personnes déplacées internes (PDI) incendiés suite aux combats intercommunautaires qui ont éclaté le 10 novembre dans la localité de Batangafo, à l’ouest du pays. Des hommes armés ont également pillé les locaux d'une organisation humanitaire. Environ 30 000 PDI ont cherché refuge dans des camps militaires et d’ONG dans la région. De l’eau et des latrines d'urgence sont les besoins les plus critiques.



    Le 9 novembre, le gouvernement tchadien a déclaré l'état d'urgence dans la région du Lac en raison de l'augmentation des attaques par des membres présumés de Boko Haram. Sous l'état d'urgence, le Gouverneur de la région peut restreindre le mouvement des personnes et des véhicules et mener des perquisitions de domicile, entre autres mesures. Le gouvernement a également annoncé le déblocage de 4,8 millions dollars US pour relancer l'agriculture, le pastoralisme, l'éducation et la santé, entre autres, dans la région.



    Le 11 novembre, des hommes armés présumés appartenir à Boko Haram ont attaqué un village dans la région de Bosso, au sud-est, tuant cinq civils. Le groupe armé basé au Nigeria a été accusé d’avoir mené une série d'attaques à Bosso et dans la région voisine de Diffa depuis le début de cette année.



    Le 12 novembre, l'armée nigériane a déclaré avoir libéré 61 personnes, principalement des femmes et des enfants, au cours d'une opération contre Boko Haram dans l‘état de Borno. Le mois dernier, l'armée avait annoncé le sauvetage de plus de 330 personnes, également des femmes et des enfants pour la plupart, détenus par le groupe armé dans leur repaire de la forêt de Sambisa.


    Le dernier cas Ebola MVE confirmé en Guinée, un bébé de 18 jours, est sorti d'un centre de traitement Ebola à Conakry. Si aucun nouveau cas n’apparaît dans les 42 prochains jours, l'OMS peut déclarer la Guinée exempte de transmission du virus Ebola. Au cours du week-end, les 68 derniers contacts Ebola sous surveillance avaient déjà été libérés de quarantaine. Au Libéria, déclaré exempt le 3 Septembre, les Unités de Traitement Ebola (UTE) sont en train de fermer dans l'ensemble du pays, excepté celles du comté de Lofa, près de la frontière avec la Guinée. Pendant ce temps, des UTE sont en train d’être mises en place dans les établissements de santé permanents.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Mali, Niger

    • After a relative stabilisation of the situation in Northern Mali, inter-community conflicts as well as other armed groups small-scale activities seem to have increased at the Mali-Niger border recently. As a consequence 4 000 new Malian refugees crossed the border to Niger in October and November, bringing the total number of Malian refugees to an unprecedented 54 000.

    • Even though it is reported that Boko Haram group has been weakened and their weaponries made more rudimentary, the number of attacked perpetrated in the Diffa region of South-East Niger over September and October increased significantly. This triggered an increased number of displacements, with 30 000 more displaced people in September and October.

    • The humanitarian response to address these additional needs is not provided fully adequately and at speed considering the lack of access in some very insecure areas where most displacements occurred (Bosso area). All possible efforts should be developed to facilitate access for humanitarian organisations to populations in need of assistance, in full compliance with humanitarian principles.

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali


    In 2015, UNICEF continued to support 34,023 Malian refugees, including 20,893 children, to access education, WASH, health, nutrition and child protection services in and around two refugee camps in the Sahel region (Goudebou and Mentao).

    · Routine vaccination has continued for children in the Malian refugee camps. 4,331 Children ages 0-59 years continue to receive the vaccine against poliomyelitis in the NIDs .
    · As of June 2015, 4,642 refugee children have access to basic education (Early Childhood Development, primary school and non-formal basic education) both in Goudebou and Mentao refugee camps and in host communities, thanks to UNICEF support. Nevertheless, to reach the target of 10,900 children, over 5,200 more children are in need of education and more funding is required to extend the education activities for all children beyond the end of October 2015.
    · UNICEF continues to support the Child Friendly Spaces for a total of 1,794 child refugees of whom 49, 83% are girls, until July 2015. (877 refugee children living out of the camps),
    · UNICEF and NGO partner (Mwangaza Action) have developed a campaign for birth registration. The sensitization has reached 38,898 people in the Sahel region. 106 children have received support for civil registration in partnership with Danish Refugee Council and UNHCR.
    · In September UNICEF launched, in partnership with the National Coordination of the Youth and child worker, a new project for the resumption of Child Protection activities in the refugee camp in Mentao. 1,500 refugee children and 500 from host communities are targeted by the activities of psychosocial support in the child friendly spaces.
    · Some 149,000 new cases children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were expected for treatment in 2015, out of which 78,872 received treatment by end September 2015.
    · UNICEF continues to support the integration of Ebola prevention messages in the regular sensitization activities on Community Led Total Sanitation that are carried out across the country. 1,536 hand washing kits and soap boxes have been distributed in primary schools in Boucle de Mouhoun and in Sahel, and chlorine tablets have been delivered to health centres in Dapaga in the East region, bordering Togo and Niger.
    · The political transition period following the popular uprising of 30 and 31 October 2014 was expected to end with presidential and legislative elections of October 11, 2015, however the coup of 16 September 2015 had an adverse impact on the overall political situation, causing strong emotions amongst the general population.
    · UNICEF partnership with the National Red Cross during the week of the Coup resulted in: - 21 missing children reported by families through the emergency phone number.
    - 13 children traced, including 12 children reunified with their families and 1 deceased child found at the mortuary.
    - 7 wounded children medically assisted including one girl aged 14 in Bobo-Dioulasso.

    The new date of Presidential and legislative elections is now set for 29 November. The coup has dealt a blow to the social and professional life and the economy with the closure of borders and the trade unions' strike that paralyzed all social and economic sectors.

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 11/18/2015 - 18:17 GMT

    by Aminu ABUBAKAR

    At least 15 people were killed on Wednesday when two female suicide bombers, one said to be aged around 11, blew themselves up at a busy mobile phone market in northeast Nigeria, a day after more than 30 were killed in a bomb blast.

    Two explosions ripped through the Farm Centre market in northern Nigeria's biggest city, Kano, shortly after 4:00 pm (1500 GMT), with one of the bombers said to be aged just 11 and the other 18.

    Boko Haram has previously used young girls as human bombs in its six-year insurgency in northeast Nigeria that has left at least 17,000 dead and made more than 2.6 million homeless.

    In July 2014, Kano was hit four times in the space of a week by a spate of young female suicide bombers whom experts say are unlikely to be willing participants to the carnage.

    "A minibus carrying some women came to the Farm Centre GSM market and dropped off one girl aged about 11 and another aged about 18, both wore the hijab," said Kano police spokesman Musa Magaji Majia.

    "One went inside the market, the other stayed outside then they exploded, killing themselves and others nearby," he told AFP.

    "The victims were taken to hospital and it was later confirmed that 15 people died, not including the suicide bombers."

    The attacks came after at least 32 people were killed in a bomb blast in Yola, northeast Nigeria, on Tuesday night, that also bore the hallmarks of the Islamist rebels.

    President Muhammadu Buhari, who has given his military commanders until next month to crush the militants, described both attacks as "barbaric" and "cowardly".

    He called for increased vigilance to stop further attacks against "soft" targets and said the government was "very much determined to wipe out Boko Haram in Nigeria" and bring perpetrators to book.

    "Nigeria's reinvigorated, well-equipped and well-motivated armed forces and security agencies (will) overcome Boko Haram very soon," he added.

    • Fears revived -

    Trader Nafiu Mohammed said he was preparing for afternoon prayers when he heard an explosion "deep inside" the popular market at 4:10 pm.

    "Police officers from a nearby police station mobilised to the scene while traders in confusion locked up their shops and moved out of the market," he said.

    He and fellow trader Suleiman Haruna watched at a distance as ambulances transported the victims to hospital.

    Nearly 1,500 people have been killed in northern and northeast Nigeria since Buhari came to power on May 29, according to an AFP tally.

    Tuesday's attack in Yola was the first suspected Boko Haram strike in Nigeria since a twin suicide bombing in the city on October 23 and a similar strike in the Borno state capital, Maiduguri.

    A total of 27 people were killed in Yola and six in Maiduguri.

    The lull suggests the military's strategy of cutting off Boko Haram's supply routes and targeting its camps is working, forcing the Islamic State group affiliate to revert to guerrilla tactics.

    The latest attacks have revived fears of a fresh round of carnage and Majia said police were hunting four women in the vehicle that dropped off the young bombers at the Kano market.

    Kano has been relatively spared from the violence in the last six months, a fact attributed in part to its security network using local networks of traditional chiefs and civilians.

    On July 6, a girl thought to be aged just 13 blew up outside a mosque in the city, killing only herself.

    In November last year, at least 120 people were killed and 270 others wounded when two suicide bombers blew themselves up and gunmen opened fire during weekly prayers at Kano's Grand Mosque.

    The attack is thought to have been revenge for an earlier call by the Emir of Kano, a traditional leader, for citizens to take up arms against the Islamist militants.


    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, United States of America, World

    In the past decade, chronic food insecurity and malnutrition, cyclical drought, locust infestations, seasonal floods, disease outbreaks, and recurrent complex emergencies have presented major challenges to vulnerable populations in the West Africa region. Between FY 2006 and FY 2015, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) have provided humanitarian assistance to address the impacts of a diverse range of crises, including food insecurity and malnutrition in the Sahel; complex emergencies in multiple countries; disease outbreaks, including cholera, meningitis, measles, and Ebola Virus Disease (EVD); a volcano in Cabo Verde; and flooding throughout the region.

    Between FY 2006 and FY 2015, USAID provided more than $2.8 billion in humanitarian assistance to West Africa, including more than $1.7 billion from USAID/FFP for food assistance in the form of U.S.-purchased food, locally and/or regionally procured food, cash transfers for food, food vouchers, and related activities. USAID/OFDA provided more than $1.1 billion for agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems (ERMS), health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions, as well as support for humanitarian coordination, logistics, and the provision of relief commodities.

    Over the last decade, USAID has sent Disaster Assistance Response Teams (DARTs) to the region—including to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone during FY 2014 and FY 2015, as well as Mali in FY 2015, for the EVD outbreak.

    USAID also sent multiple humanitarian assessment teams to Côte d’Ivoire in FY 2011 following large-scale insecurity and displacement and to the Sahelian countries in FY 2012 in response to food insecurity.

    USAID response activities in West Africa focus on meeting immediate needs while supporting recovery activities to build resilience against future crises. To assist conflict-affected populations, USAID supports the provision of food assistance, emergency relief supplies, basic services, and protection activities. Following periods of below-average agricultural yields, droughts, and floods, USAID programs aim to improve livestock health and crop production, strengthen management of acute malnutrition, support livelihoods activities, and improve water and sanitation conditions. In addition to short-term urgent assistance for vulnerable populations, USAID/OFDA supports national and regional structures to strengthen early warning and response systems. To complement emergency assistance interventions, USAID/OFDA’s West Africa disaster risk reduction strategy seeks to reduce the risks and effects of acute malnutrition, displacement, and epidemics through programs that decrease community and household fragility and increase resilience to future shocks.

    Likewise, USAID/FFP supplements its emergency food assistance with development programs that aim to address the underlying causes of food insecurity and increase the resilience of vulnerable populations to cope with future shocks while continuing to meet the immediate needs of affected populations. In West Africa, USAID/FFP development food assistance programs work with communities to improve agricultural productivity, health, and natural resource management; reduce chronic malnutrition; and strengthen local capacity among civil society groups.

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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Central African Republic, Iraq, Nigeria, United States of America, World


    Natural disasters and conflict often exacerbate the vulnerability of individuals; people must cope with threats such as sexual violence, violence in the home, separation of families, exploitative labor, and exclusion from life-saving humanitarian assistance. USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) is at the forefront of the humanitarian community’s efforts to protect conflict- and disaster-affected communities and mitigate these dangers. While working to minimize and respond to specific risks, USAID/OFDA requires partners to demonstrate their commitment to ensuring the safety of those receiving emergency relief across all sectors of a response and in all humanitarian assistance programs.

    In Fiscal Year (FY) 2015, USAID/OFDA provided approximately $89.5 million to support protection programs, including nearly $36.4 million to a total of 23 partners for global and regional protection initiatives and approximately $53.1 million to 25 partners for protection activities in 20 countries. Worldwide, these programs have supported millions of people, providing services for child protection, psychosocial support, prevention of and response to gender-based violence (GBV), and coordination of and advocacy for protection activities.

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    Source: Fund for Peace
    Country: Nigeria

    Reports of cult violence have increased sharply in the Niger Delta since the beginning of 2014. This has been particularly salient in Rivers State, where the violence has been spread over a wide geographic region. In Rivers, as in other Niger Delta states, cult violence has taken on various criminal, militant, communal, and/or political undertones, depending on the situation. In 2015 for instance, incidents included a major clash between rival cult groups Deywell and Deebam in the northern Local Government Area (LGA) of Ogba/Egbema/Ndoni that killed as many as 16 people in July. There was also a reported clash between rival cult groups Greenlanders and Icelanders in the southern LGA of Degema; and political intimidation by cult groups such as the Icelanders and Greenlanders between January and April in the central LGA of Port Harcourt, the south eastern LGA of Andoni, and elsewhere. Given how pervasive the issue has become, for any program that seeks to mitigate conflict in the state, cultism will have to be a key consideration in the coming year as Rivers goes through significant socio-political changes presenting both opportunities and risks to sustainable peace and development.

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    Source: CRIN
    Country: Chad

    This report is part of CRIN's access to justice for children project, looking at the status of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) in national law, the status of children involved in legal proceedings, the legal means to challenge violations of children’s rights and the practical considerations involved in challenging violations.

    Chad has ratified the CRC, which takes precedence over Chadian legislation, with the exception of the Constitution. The CRC has not been incorporated in a comprehensive national legal instrument yet. Children do not have legal standing before courts and can only bring cases or participate as victims (partie civile) in Criminal proceedings through their parent or guardian. Legal aid is available theoretically, but is effectively not implemented. The National Human Rights Commission has the power to review individual violations, but is not currently using that capacity. Finally, only about 20% of judicial decisions are enforced.

    Download the full report in French and in English.

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    Source: CRIN
    Country: Chad

    Ce rapport fait partie du projet « Accès des enfants à la justice » de CRIN, qui vise à établir le statut de la Convention relative aux droits de l'enfant (CDE) dans les législations nationales, le statut des enfants impliqués dans des procédures judiciaires, les moyens juridiques qui permettent de contester des violations des droits de l'enfant et les considérations pratiques à prendre en compte en utilisant ces moyens.

    Le Tchad a ratifié la CDE, lui conférant la primauté sur la législation tchadienne à l’exception de la Constitution. Aucune loi spécifique n’a encore repris toutes les provisions de la CDE. N’ayant pas de capacité juridique, les enfants ne peuvent saisir les tribunaux que par le biais d’un parent ou tuteur. La procédure pénale leur permet de participer en tant que victimes (partie civile) par le biais de leur parent ou tuteur. L’aide juridique est, en théorie, accessible mais mais n’est pas efficacement mise en oeuvre. Bien que la Commission Nationale des Droits de l’Homme ait le pouvoir d’examiner toutes les violations des droits de l’homme, elle n’utilise pas ce droit pour le moment. Enfin, seules 20% des décisions de justice sont respectées.

    Télécharger le rapport complet en français et en anglais.

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    Source: UN Secretary-General
    Country: Nigeria


    The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:

    The Secretary-General condemns the bomb attack on 17 November in the city of Yola, in the north-eastern state of Adamawa, Nigeria, which resulted in dozens dead and scores injured. He extends his heartfelt condolences to the families of the victims, as well as to the Government and people of Nigeria, and wishes a speedy recovery to those injured.

    The Secretary-General reiterates that no political or ideological objective whatsoever justifies the loss of life and terror to which civilians are being subjected. He also reiterates the UN’s support to the Nigerian Government in its fight against terrorism, which — to be effective — should also be grounded in international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law.

    For information media. Not an official record.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    2.2 million Nigerians are internally displaced in ten states in the northern and central parts of Nigeria, according to Round VI of the Displacement Tracking Matrix. 91% of the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) are living in the North-East. The main reason for displacement cited by 89% of the IDPs is the conflict. Furthermore, more than 177,000 Nigerians have escaped the conflict to neighbouring countries. A relative improvement in the security situation in some areas in the North-East has resulted in spontaneous movements of return to areas of habitual residence for a number of IDPs: the current figure is 334,000, including a number of Nigerians who returned from Chad and Cameroon. They now face new challenges: in returning to these areas, homes and social infrastructure have been destroyed, and resources are scarce.

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