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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Mali

    Les mines et les restes d'explosifs de guerre continuent de faire de nombreuses victimes au Nord Mali. Dans la région de Tombouctou, les blessés et les morts se comptent par dizaines. Parmi eux, Amadou Diallo, jeune élève de 15 ans, qui a perdu un bras et une jambe après l'explosion d'une mine dans ses mains. Il a récemment reçu de nouveaux membres fournis par le CICR.

    Malgré les conditions de sécurité encore précaires, les populations de la région de Tombouctou essayent de reprendre une vie normale. Amadou et ses copains, élèves et bergers à leurs heures perdues, cherchent eux aussi à reprendre leurs habitudes : celles d'aller faire paître les animaux de leurs parents dans les environs de la ville. Comme tous les jours, ils partent tôt le matin et reviennent en milieu d'après-midi. Ce jour-là, ils décident de se rendre dans une zone proche du camp militaire de Tombouctou. Ils ne savent pas que cet endroit est contaminé par différents types d'engins de guerre non explosés.

    « D'habitude, une fois que nous étions dans le pâturage, nous jouions pendant que les animaux se nourrissaient », nous explique Amadou. Malheureusement pour lui, ce jour-là, les choses se passent autrement. « Avec mes deux camarades, on manipulait un objet ayant la forme d'un caillou que nous avions ramassé dans un terrain vague, juste derrière le camp militaire. Soudain, il a explosé dans mes mains. » Amadou est grièvement blessé. Inconscient, il est transporté d'urgence à l'hôpital. « Quand je me suis réveillé, j'ai constaté que j'étais dans un centre de santé, sans savoir ce qui s'était réellement passé. »

    La déflagration lui a arraché un bras et une jambe. Le jeune garçon ne le sait pas encore, mais ses deux autres compagnons y ont laissé la vie. Plus tard, il est transféré à l'hôpital régional de Mopti où il est entouré par sa famille et pris en charge par une organisation humanitaire jusqu'à sa guérison complète.

    Quelques mois après sa guérison, Amadou et sa famille reviennent à Toya, leur village et le chef-lieu de la commune d'Alafia, à une vingtaine de kilomètres de Tombouctou. Sa vie n'est plus comme avant. Amputé de deux membres et sans prothèses, Amadou Diallo ne va plus à l'école et n'accompagne plus le troupeau au pâturage comme avant. Il est désespéré : « Ma vie n'avait plus de sens. Je me sentais inutile », se souvient-il.

    Pourtant, Amadou ne perd pas espoir. Grâce à la collaboration de la Direction régionale de développement de Tombouctou, il est enregistré puis référé au Centre Père Bernard Verspieren de Bamako, qui le prend en charge dans le cadre d'un programme soutenu par le CICR. Le centre reçoit un appui sous forme de composants orthopédiques, ainsi qu'un soutien pour son programme de réadaptation physique. Le CICR lui fournit également un soutien financier, qui lui permet de prendre complétement en charge les patients nécessitant une prothèse et des soins de réadaptation physique à la suite de blessures et autres traumatismes subis en lien avec le conflit qui sévit dans cette région du Mali.

    Après des mois de suivi, Amadou reçoit des prothèses. Avec elles, il reprend progressivement ses activités et admet que ses prothèses l'ont beaucoup aidé. « Grâce à elles, je vais de nouveau aux champs avec mon père et je me sens comme une personne normale. » Un kinésithérapeute lui rend visite deux fois par mois afin de l'aider à mieux s'adapter à l'utilisation de ses prothèses.

    En 2014, cinquante-quatre personnes victimes de mines, d'engins explosifs ou de restes d'explosifs de guerre ont bénéficié d'une prise en charge intégrale de la part du CICR.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic


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    Source: Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset
    Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Libya, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zimbabwe

    Welcome to the June issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS) and also on the ACLED website.

    This month’s issue focuses on civilian-targeted violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo, the continued encroachment of Islamic State (IS) affiliate groups in Libya, xenophobic violence in South Africa, violent Islamist-related activity in Tanzania,
    LRA and ADF patterns of activity in Uganda and the surrounding Central African region and political factionalism and electoral violence in Zimbabwe. A special focus topic explores machine, human and crowdsourcing practices of conflict data collection.

    Elsewhere on the continent, Burundi experienced unprecedented levels of riots and protests in reaction to President Nkurunziza’s third term bid, territorial clashes between the SPLA and rebel forces continued in South Sudan and conflict levels declined for a second month in Nigeria.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Renforcer les capacités en matière de déontologie du magistrat, tel était l’objectif de cette session de mentorat sur la déontologie du magistrat dans la salle d’audience de la cour d’Appel de Mopti, qui s’est tenue le mercredi 3 Juin dernier. Cette séance était organisée par la Section des Affaires Judiciaires et Pénitentiaire de la MINUSMA au profit de 25 magistrats et greffiers de la Cour d’Appel, du Tribunal de Grande Instance, des Tribunaux de Travail, du Commerce et Administratif de Mopti.

    Un sujet d’une importance capital au regard de la participation constante des plus hautes autorités judiciaires. Parmi elles le Président de la Cour d’Appel de Mopti et le Premier Avocat Général près la Cour d’Appel. Egalement présent, Nasser ZAKR chef de la Section des Affaires Judiciaires et Pénitentiaire de la Minusma/Mopti.

    Le conférencier, M. Fortuné Dako s’est focalisé sur les quatre axes principaux suivants :

    • Le fondement et la définition de la déontologie et les différences entre ce concept et d’autres comme la morale, l’éthique et la discipline ;

    • Les sources internationales, régionales et nationales de la déontologie du magistrat ;

    • La déontologie du comportement professionnel du magistrat.

    • La déontologie du magistrat dans sa vie privée.

    Dans ses développements, Monsieur Dako Fortuné a mis l’accent sur les principes fondamentaux qui doivent en permanence guider le magistrat tant dans l’exercice de ses fonctions que dans sa vie courante. Il s’agit entre autres de l’indépendance, de l’impartialité, de l’intégrité, de la dignité, de la loyauté, du respect des convenances, du devoir d’égalité, de la compétence et de la diligence, du devoir de réserve, et surtout du respect de la loi. Il a également beaucoup insisté sur le devoir de fidélité au serment que tout magistrat a prêté avant sa prise de fonction et qui inclut la totalité des principes déontologiques qui s’imposent à lui.

    Les débats ont permis aux participants de se ressourcer et d’apporter leurs contributions en tenant compte des réalités maliennes. Cette session leurs a également permis de souligner certains défis liés au fonctionnement de la justice au Mali.

    Cette séance, la 5ème du genre dans la région de Mopti et la dernière du plan de travail annuel de l’équipe régionale de la Section des affaires judiciaires et pénitentiaire, s’inscrit dans le cadre du renforcement des capacités des acteurs de la justice et de la consolidation de l’État de droit. Comme l’a expliqué Monsieur Dako Fortuné « elle prend une importance capitale car, en vertu du principe de la séparation des pouvoirs, le judiciaire est l’institution à laquelle est confiée la délicate mais noble mission de juger et de régler pacifiquement les conflits inhérents à toute vie en société et de décider de l’exercice des droits essentiels des individus. L’accomplissement de cette mission impose des obligations aux magistrats, obligations dont le non-respect conduit à la défiance à l’égard de l’institution et de ceux qui l’animent. Les magistrats sont tenus de remplir leurs fonctions en conformité avec les lois et les normes qui régissent la société. Ils sont appelés à dire le droit indépendamment de toute passion, de tout préjugé afin d’assurer le maintien ou le retour à la paix sociale. Cette fonction exige de grandes capacités techniques et d’importantes valeurs humaines. L’acceptation des décisions de justice par les justiciables dépend non seulement des aptitudes techniques, mais également de la conscience et des valeurs des individus qui animent l’appareil judicaire. »

    Les participants ont bien apprécié cette séance et ont tenu à remercier la Minusma. « Je remercie sincèrement la Minusma qui à travers la Section des Affaires Judiciaires et Pénitentiaire qui ne cesse de s’investir dans la formation des magistrats surtout dans les régions du Nord » a déclaré TIEKOURA SAMAKE.

    Des remerciements, qui trouvent sans doute leur justification dans le bilan de la première année de déploiement de la MINUSMA. Au premier juillet 2014, plus de la moitié des infrastructures judiciaires et pénitentiaires des régions du nord du Mali avaient été réhabilitées. De plus, de nombreuses formations ont été dispensées au profit des différentes catégories de personnels (officiers de police judiciaire, magistrats etc.) qui interviennent tout au long de la chaîne pénale. Un actif qui, aux abords du second anniversaire de la MINUSMA, le premier juillet 2015, sera à n’en point douter revu à la hausse.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali

    Highlights

    • The increased recurrence of fighting over the last month in the Northern Mali resulted in the displacement of over 57,000 people fleeing their homes in Timbuktu, Gao and Mopti regions, according to Malian authorities. Over 43,000 internally displaced people throughout the country have not yet returned to their homes since the conflict in 2012. On the 29th of May the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Mali stands at just over 100,000, mainly in the North.

    • In Kidal, measles outbreak has been reported since April with a total of 16 cases. UNICEF is supporting the ongoing measles vaccination, aiming at reaching approximately 39,000 children. Moreover, a new program is anticipated to start in the coming weeks with an NGO partner to increase the coverage of health and nutrition services in Kidal region through mobile clinics.

    • The resumption of hostilities has a significant impact on Education, with more than 100 schools closed additionally since January, leading to a total of 430 schools closed and 20,500 children unable to attend schools. Moreover, the organization of final examinations has been disrupted for more than 1,300 students in Gao, Timbuktu, and Mopti regions as many examination centers are in insecure areas, posing protection concerns. UNICEF is supporting the Ministry of Education to ensure participation of children in the examinations in a safe environment, exploring modalities to provide alternative education such as remedial courses and psychosocial support for more than 13,000 children and at least 210 teachers.

    • UNICEF continues prevention and preparedness, in case of new Ebola outbreaks. On the 24th and 25th of April 2015 UNICEF Mali and Guinea jointly organized a cross-border meeting in Kita (Kayes Region) with authorities of both countries to coordinate strategies based on the progress and lessons to date.

    • UNICEF contributed to inter-agency mission of CADRI, Capacity for Disaster Reduction Initiative. The mission was aimed to assess national and regional capacity for disaster risk reduction and emergency preparedness. It is anticipated that a national plan of action be developed in the coming months, based on the assessment report.

    SITUATION IN NUMBERS

    31 May 2015

    1.7 million # of affected children

    2.4 million # of people affected (SRP Figure, OCHA 2015)

    Internally Displaced Persons 118,621 # of IDPs (out of these figures 61,000 are IDPs registered by IOM on the 31st of December 2014. 57,000 are IDPs registered by the Malian authorities in Timbuktu, Gao and Mopti following the clashes in May 2015)

    Malian Refugees in Neighboring Countries 135,686 # of registered refugees (UNHCR, 31 May 2015)

    UNICEF Appeal 2015 US$ 37.5 million


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Nigeria

    Highlights:

    • According to the IOM DTM report in April, there are 1.3 million IDPs in the three North East states, indicating almost 300,000 newly displaced people since February.

    • Spontaneous returns have been registered, especially in Adamawa and the UN, in collaboration with the government of Nigeria, is planning a joint needs assessment of the areas of return later this month focusing on both humanitarian and livelihood/early recovery needs of the IDPs.

    • A multi-sectoral team from UNICEF Abuja undertook a field support mission to the Field Office in Borno to assess the situation in Dalori Camp and to develop a plan to address the issue of high mortality in the camp. There is a lower Crude Mortality Rate of 0.84/10,000/per day which was 0.92/10,000/day reported 2 weeks ago.

    • 35,455 children have been reached with psychosocial support services in 141 communities and 21 IDP camps in the three North East states affected by the crisis, through a network of 474 trained community volunteers – this includes 50 newly trained community volunteers in Borno (Ngala LGA).

    • Between January and April 2015, 14,153 children under five were admitted into therapeutic feeding programmes in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. A total of 9,595 (77.7%) children recovered and were discharged from therapeutic care.

    • With UNICEF support, three new outreach clinics are operational in Dalori camp in Maiduguri (including a maternity ward) and two clinics in Yobe in the last three weeks in response to the needs of those rescued from Sambisa Forest and returnees from the Republic of Niger.

    • Outreach clinics in IDP camps in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe, providing integrated health services have benefitted 122,209 people; and 14,800 long lasting mosquito nets have been distributed to men, women and children in IDP camps in Yobe and Borno.

    • As of 31 May, UNICEF had received $7.76 million against $26.5 million of the 2015 HAC requirements.


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    Source: UN Development Programme
    Country: Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Tunisia, World

    Des ministres de la Justice et des représentants de ministres de la Justice, venus de plusieurs pays africains (l’Algérie, Bénin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambie, Ghana, Guinée, Guinée Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Maroc, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigeria, Sénégal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Tunisie) avec la participation de délégations du Qatar, du Programme des Nations Unies pour le développement (PNUD) ont indiqué la nécessité, pour les Etats et gouvernements respectifs de prendre des initiatives et décisions pour le renforcement des capacités de leurs institutions judiciaires et pour un engagement résolu dans la lutte contre la corruption.

    Les participants se sont engagés à promouvoir et à bâtir une culture de l'intégrité, de la justice et de l’équité à tous les niveaux de la société pour assurer à leurs citoyens l’espace nécessaire pour exprimer leurs capacités de manière optimale et contribuer ainsi aux transformations utiles à leur croissance économique.

    Pour Abdoulaye Mar Dièye Directeur régional du PNUD, «l’Afrique subit, du fait de la corruption et autres transactions illicites, une hémorragie financière de l’ordre de 60 milliards de dollars par an, soit plus que l’aide publique au développement…». Le PNUD réaffirme son soutien aux gouvernements participants à travers le renforcement des institutions judiciaires nationales et autres cadres légaux dans ce domaine.

    Les participants saluent la décision prise par le Qatar d’ériger un Centre Régional de Renforcement de l’Etat de Droit et à la lutte contre la corruption à Dakar. Ce Centre intègre le Programme régional adopte par le communiqué final de la Conférence.

    Auparavant, au cours des différents travaux auxquels ont pris part des représentants des Nations, de l’Union Africaine, du PNUD et de la Société civile, Ministres de la Justice et experts ont procédé à un diagnostic sans complaisance de la situation des institutions qui garantissent le respect de l’Etat de droit et qui luttent contre la corruption dans leurs pays respectifs.

    La Conférence ministérielle a été marquée par 10 (dix) engagements pris par les ministres africains de la justice, les représentants des différentes institutions internationales dont le PNUD, et concernant le renforcement de l’Etat de droit et la lutte contre la corruption dans le cadre d’un Programme régional d’intégrité et de lutte contre la corruption.

    La Conférence décide de renforcer le partenariat avec le PNUD pour promouvoir et renforcer l’Etat de droit et la lutte contre la corruption au niveau national et régional, pour un développement durable et l'éradication de la pauvreté en Afrique. Pour Maitre Sidiki Kaba, Ministre de la Justice du Sénégal, il est important que les Etats africains «s’engagent à créer des espaces pour des consultations approfondies avec la société civile et à poursuivre des partenariats régionaux et mondiaux visant à développer et à promouvoir des initiatives conjointes pour le renforcement de l’état de droit ».

    Entre autres, l’objectif de la Conférence était également de prendre des engagements individuels et collectifs pour renforcer l’Etat de droit, la justice, l’équité et la responsabilité, mais aussi pour lutter contre la corruption.

    La conférence ministérielle sur le renforcement de l’Etat de droit a été ouverte le 2 juin 2015, sous la présidence effective du Président de la République du Sénégal Macky Sall, en présence du Procureur Général du Qatar, Dr Ali Bin Fetais Al-Marri, du Directeur régional du PNUD, Abdoulaye Mar Dièye. Elle a été clôturée ce jeudi 04 juin 2015, par le Garde des Sceaux, ministre de la Justice du Sénégal, Me Sidiki Kaba et Mme Bintou Djibo , representant resident du PNUD au Sénégal.

    La Conférence est conjointement organisée par le Gouvernement de la République du Sénégal, l’Etat du Qatar et le Programme des Nations Unies pour le Développement (PNUD).

    Dix huit (18) délégations africaines de niveau ministériel (Algérie, Bénin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Gambie, Ghana, Guinée, Guinée-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Maroc, Mauritanie, Niger, Nigéria, Sénégal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Tunisie) ainsi que celles du Qatar ont participé à cette Conférence. Ont également pris part aux travaux de cette Conférence les représentants des Nations Unies, de l’Union Africaine et du PNUD de même que les experts des pays représentés, des délégués du secteur privé et de la Société civile.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 6/7/2015 - 19:20 GMT

    A female suicide bomber killed two people and injured four others in northeast Nigeria, while two people were injured when a bomb exploded near a military checkpoint, police said on Sunday.

    "A female suicide bomber detonated an improvised explosive device strapped to her body along the Baga-Monguno highway, killing herself and two others on Saturday," said Borno state police commissioner Aderemi Opadokun.

    Opadokun said four other people were injured in the attack, which was the sixth in northeast Nigeria since Muhammadu Buhari took over as Nigeria's new president on May 29.

    There have been 11 attacks in total and 93 dead, according to an AFP tally.

    Meanwhile, Opadokun said there was a blast at Tungushe village in the Konduga district of Borno, about 35 kilometres (22 miles) by road southeast of the Borno state capital Maiduguri, at about 9:30 am (0830 GMT) on Saturday.

    "Two persons were injured and are now being treated at the hospital," he said, calling for increased public vigilance to deter fresh attacks.

    There was no immediate claim of responsibility for either incident but both bore the hallmarks of Boko Haram, which has previously used female suicide bombers and homemade explosives in its six-year insurgency.

    Buhari, who on Sunday flew to Germany to attend meetings on the sidelines of the G7 summit of leading industrialised nations, has made defeating Boko Haram a priority for his administration.

    str-phz/har

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Chad

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Sorghum, millet, white maize, and local and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is most heavily consumed in the eastern and northern regions of the country. Local rice is another basic food commodity, especially for poorer households. Imported rice and white maize are most commonly consumed in and around the capital. The Marché d'Atrone in N’Djamena, the capital city, is the largest market for cereals. Moundou is an important consumer center for sorghum and the second largest market after the capital. The Abéché market is located in a northern production area. The Sarh market is both a local retail market and a cross-border market


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area. Gaya market represents a main urban market for maize with cross-border connections. Maradi, Tounfafi, and Diffa are regional assembly and cross-border markets for Niger and other countries in the region. These are markets where households and herders coming from the northern cereal deficit areas regularly buy their food. Agadez and Zinder are also important national and regional markets. Nguigmi and Abalak are located in pastoral areas, where people are heavily dependent on cereal markets for their food supply. They are particularly important during the rainy season, when herders are confined to the pastoral zone.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Chad, Costa Rica, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    KEY MESSAGES

    • In West Africa, market availability was adequate in April, with supplies from recent 2014/15 harvests and international rice and wheat imports. Staple food prices were stable or declining, except in areas directly and indirectly affected by the conflict in northeastern Nigeria. The recent opening of borders among Ebola-affected countries contributed to improved trade flows in some areas, following disruptions over the second half of 2014.

    • In East Africa, maize prices increased seasonally in surplus-producing Uganda and Tanzania, and in neighboring Kenya.

    Maize prices remained stable or began increasing in Somalia and Ethiopia, following seasonal trends, and market supplies tightened. Markets were likewise well-supplied within Somalia, Sudan, and Ethiopia. Staple food prices were high and variable in the Greater Upper Nile States of South Sudan. Conflict and insecurity continued to disrupt markets in parts of South Sudan, Somalia, and the Darfur and South Kordofan States in Sudan.

    • In Southern Africa, the 2015 harvests set in during the month of April in South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique and Zimbabwe, improving local staple food market supplies and putting downward pressure on prices. However, market supplies continued tightening in Malawi as green harvests (which normally appear as early as March) were not yet available and prices continued increasing in April in some areas. Maize prices were generally similar to their respective 2014 levels but higher than their respective five-year average levels region-wide.

    • Staple food availability remained generally adequate to meet local needs throughout Central America and Haiti. However, market supplies were below-average in Haiti due to the effects of a recent below-average Otoño harvest (October – December) and high seed demand for planting, causing atypical price increases for black beans. Maize, red bean, and black bean prices were stable in Central America due to the availability of supplies from the Postrera and Postrera Tardia harvest in Honduras and El Salvador. Market supplies were likewise supported in Guatemala with recent harvests from and the Northern Transversal Strip as well as imports from Mexico. Regionally-produced staple food prices remained significantly above their respective 2014 and five-year average levels throughout Central America.

    • In Central Asia, wheat availability remained good in Afghanistan and Pakistan. Prices remained stable in Kazakhstan and Tajikistan after increasing over the last quarter of 2014.

    • International maize, rice, wheat, and soybean prices were stable and below their respective 2014 levels due to very well-supplied global markets from record or near-record global production in 2014. Crude oil prices increased in April 2015 after declining considerably during the second half of 2014.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Nigeria

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year

    Sorghum, maize, millet, cowpea, gari (fermented cassava starch), and rice are all found in Nigerian markets. Sorghum, millet and maize are widely consumed by most households, but especially in the north, and are used by various industries. Maize is mainly used by the poultry industry as a raw material for feed while sorghum is used by breweries for producing beverages. Sorghum and millet are important for households in the north, particularly the border markets where millet is also heavily traded with Niger. Gari is widely consumed by households in the south and some in the north. Rice is produced and consumed throughout the country.

    The north is a major production and consumption area for cowpea which flows to the south for use by households and food processing industries. Ilela, Maidua, and Damasak are all critical cross-border markets with Niger. Saminaka, Giwa, Dandume, and Kaura Namuda are important grain markets in the north, which are interconnected with the Dawanu market in Kano, the largest wholesale market in West Africa, and some southern markets such as the Bodija market in Ibadan. Millet, sorghum, maize, and cowpea are among the most important cereals traded at Dawanu, while cassava and some cereals are traded with Bodija.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year

    Millet, rice, and sorghum constitute the basic staple foods for the majority of the Malian population. Millet has traditionally been the most widely consumed, but since 2005 rice has become a popular substitute in urban households. Sorghum is generally more important for rural than urban households. Markets included are indicative of local conditions within their respective regions. Ségou is one of the most important markets for both the country and region because it is located in a very large grain production area. Bamako, the capital and largest urban center in the country, functions as an assembly market. It receives cereals from Koulikoro, Ségou, and Sikasso for consumption and also acts as an assembly market for trade with the northern regions of the country (Kayes and Koulikoro) and Mauritania. Markets in the deficit areas of the country (Timbuktu and Gao) receive their supplies of millet and rice from Mopti, Ségou and Sikasso.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burkina Faso

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Millet, maize, and sorghum are the most important food commodities for household consumption. Millet is the staple of the most vulnerable households, while maize and sorghum also contribute to the food basket of a majority of all households.

    Sankaryare market is the largest and most important market in Ouagadougou and supplies other markets within the country and region. Koudougou is located in one of the most populated areas in the country, where a majority of households depend on the market for their food needs. Djibo is in the highly vulnerable Sahelian zone.

    Pouytenga is an assembly market for products from Nigeria, Ghana,
    Benin, and Togo. Solenzo is a rural market located in the middle of a surplus production zone. Bobo Dioulasso is important center for both consumption and production – it functions as both the economic capital of Burkina Faso and is located in an important cereal production zone.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mauritania

    The Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) monitors trends in staple food prices in countries vulnerable to food insecurity. For each FEWS NET country and region, the Price Bulletin provides a set of charts showing monthly prices in the current marketing year in selected urban centers and allowing users to compare current trends with both five-year average prices, indicative of seasonal trends, and prices in the previous year.

    Local rice and sorghum are the most consumed food products by poor households in Mauritania followed by imported wheat which is a substitute that these households turn to the most.
    Local rice is grown in the river valley (in the southern regions of Trarza, Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha). Sorghum is produced in all areas of production (rainfed) and in flood-recession areas.
    However, a significant portion is imported from Mali and Senegal.
    Mauritania depends greatly on food imports (70% in a good agricultural year and 85% in a bad year) than on internal production. Nouakchott is the principal collection market for imported products and also the distribution market where traders acquire supplies for the secondary markets referenced below. Cooking oil is consumed mainly in urban areas. The sale of animals is a lifestyle in all areas and an important source of income and food


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    Source: Qatar Charity
    Country: Mauritania

    Qatar Charity Mauritania continues its efforts to provide safe drinking water through drilling and equipping wells, whether land-surface or artesian wells depending on the need of people and the nature of the land. As and when possible, wells are equipped with solar-powered pumps.

    Recently completed was an artesian well equipped with a solar-powered pump to serve 800 families (nearly 4,000 people) in Katawan(HodhEchChargui Region). Qatar Charity has also begun drilling another artesian well atEmHiad Municipality inHodh El Gharbi Region and it will be equipped with a solar-powered pump and a large water tank to serve 4,000 people. The total cost of these two wells is approximately QAR 600,000 (USD 165,000).

    Earlier in 2015, Qatar Charity Mauritania completed drilling and equipping five smaller land-surface wells, at a cost of QAR 225,000 (USD 62,000). Thousands of people will take advantage of these wells particularly those who live in the villages of Satol, Amoura and Takvitin TararzhRegion, in addition to the villages of Dobounka and AbondeatBraknaRegion.These land-surface wells were each provided withreinforced concrete tanks and covers. Boundary walls protecting the wells were built seven metersaway from the well. Each well is connected to water drainage tubes, size 63 to drain the unsafe water away from the well.The internal diameter of the well is 1.4 meters, while the outer one is 0.7 meters high, with a thickness of 0.45 meters for each well.

    Qatar Charity Mauritania's rural water program has drilled thirteen wells in rural areas during the past year at a cost of more than QAR 2.3 million (USD 632,000). Its plans for the remainder include an additional ten wells at a cost of QAR 2.6 million (USD 715,000) in order to reach even larger numbers of isolated rural communities facing the serious effects of the drought experienced by Mauritania over the past years.

    Qatar Charity Mauritania's multi-sector approaches prioritize helping communities geographically remote from the urban centers, suffering from drought and those where large numbers of disadvantaged classes which suffer from the remnants of slavery.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • At least two million people will need emergency food assistance between July and September.

    • About 32 per cent of children in IDP camps require treatment for severe acute malnutrition (SAM).

    • There is a growing need for shelter, food and protection in Maiduguri.

    • A joint needs assessment in possible IDP return areas will take place later in June.

    FIGURES Population In north-east Nigeria 24.5 m (includes IDPs)

    Number of IDPs in the north-east Nearly 1.5m

    Number of malnourished children under five & pregnant, lactating women In the north-east 1.5 m

    Number of food insecure people in north-east Nigeria 4.6 m

    Sources: IOM-NEMA,Census 2006

    FUNDING

    100 million requested (US$) 27% funded Source: FTS (as of 08 June 2015)


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