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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Voice of America
    Country: Niger

    NIAMEY — Authorities in Niger have destroyed safe houses owned by human trafficking networks for sheltering illegal migrants and forcibly turned back anyone without a valid identity document in towns near its northern border, a government minister said on Thursday.

    The government has promised to crack down on smuggling gangs ferrying people across the desert after 92 migrants died trying to make the same trip north to Algeria last year, many of them headed for Europe.

    The start of the summer migration season has seen a dramatic rise in the number of illegal migrants crossing the Mediterranean to Italy from the north coast of Africa. Many of these cross the Sahara desert via Niger to reach the Libyan coast, where they embark.

    Justice Minister Amadou Marou asked foreign governments and organizations to help the poor Western African nation stem the rising flow of illegal migrants.

    “As much as they are determined to leave, we are determined to stop them,” Marou told the representatives of organizations including the European Union, the International Organization for Migration and the U.N. Population Fund.

    “We rely on your resources and expertise to help tackle this scourge,” Marou said, according to the ministry website.

    Many people emigrate to flee Niger which, despite being a uranium producer and one of Africa's newest oil producers, is ranked by the United Nations as one of the world's poorest countries and faces food shortages due to perennial drought.

    Marou's made his appeal days after officials said they had prevented more than 500 would-be migrants from trying to cross the Sahara into neighboring Algeria in the past four months. Thirty nine people, including 29 women, have been detained on charges of human trafficking in the northern town of Arlit.

    However, that is just a fraction of the total number of migrants crossing Niger, which sits at a crossroads of migrant routes linking North Africa to the rest of the continent.

    A report by an internal government investigation accused some police officers of turning a blind eye to people smuggling and profiting from the trade via a system of charges and commissions on vehicles crossing the Sahara.

    As of late May, some 43,000 people have crossed from North Africa to Italy so far this year, the same amount as in the whole of 2013, the Italian coastguard said. Some 60,000 people made the trip in 2011 when the Arab Spring revolutions loosened border controls, according to the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali
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    Highlights

     Fighting broke out in Kidal on 17 May, resulting in at least 28 dead, 3,450 displaced and Kidal coming under control of armed groups. While a cease-fire was declared days later, the situation remains tense. UNICEF has provided WASH kits for 50 families in Kidal and delivered five 72 m2 tents and three water bladders, which are prepositioned in Gao.

     According to the UNICEF-led WASH Cluster, a lack of water in some secondary cities in northern Mali remains of concern. Some wells are running dry early due to the demand for water for household use and livestock.

     Support for routine and supplementary immunisation activities in the North continues. Nearly one in ten of the over 7 million children vaccinated nationwide to date are in conflict-affected areas.

     UNICEF has provided at least 421,936 school-aged children with education supplies since January 2014 across the country.

     Two children associated with armed groups that were detained by French Serval forces during a military operation in Kidal were admitted to the UNICEF-supported Transit Centre where they are receiving care and protection.

     The protocol for the SMART National Nutrition Survey has been prepared and validated, and the survey is planned to start in June 2014.

    Humanitarian leadership and coordination

    During the past reporting period, a Mali+ education workshop involving 35 participants from Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger and Mauritania, organized by UNHCR and UNICEF, has been held in Bamako . Annual work plans were reviewed for respective countries, and priority strategic interventions were established for education assistance for refugee and displaced Malian children. In Niger an agreement on repatriation of Malian refugees was signed by Mali, Niger and UNHCR. One of the immediate results will be the creation of a commission to define practical modalities for voluntary repatriation of Malian refugee students. In addition, the Birth Registration Working Group was established and held its second meeting, during which the terms of reference of the group were finalized and priority activities identified and validated. In collaboration with the Child Protection section of MINUSMA, UNICEF supported a training session for 65 people (NGO and government partners active in the Child Protection sub-cluster) on the Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism on grave violations against children in situations of conflict (UNSCR 1612) in regions of Gao, Mopti and Timbuktu. Finally, WASH sub-clusters have been introduced in Gao and Timbuktu under the leadership of government technical services. Capacity building support for these groups began with the cluster coordinator completing missions in Gao and Timbuktu.

    Humanitarian Strategy

    In 2014, UNICEF will support the government in responding to the needs of populations affected by the conflict in the North as well as the nutritional crisis countrywide. Specifically, UNICEF will support the restoration of basic social services. This includes 1) re-establishment and reinforcement of the national vaccination cold chain system, 2) construction and rehabilitation of the water systems to improve access to safe water for 450,000 people, 3) reintegration of 460,000 children in schools to support the Ministry of Education Back-To-School campaign, 4) improvement of the quality of education through training of teachers, provision of supplies and creation of temporary spaces, 5) awareness-raising of mine risk and promotion of social cohesion, 6) assistance to separated children and children formerly associated with armed forces and groups for better access to referral services and reintegration opportunities, and 7) improved quality of services with a wider geographic coverage for GBV survivors. The nutrition crisis continues to affect the entire country. 496,000 children will be affected by acute malnutrition in 2014, with 85 per cent of the cases in the south. To address the structural causes of malnutrition, UNICEF will intensify its efforts in integrating a multi-sectorial approach and building resilience at community level.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Belize, Burundi, Côte d'Ivoire, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mexico, Nicaragua, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, South Sudan
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    Drought in East Africa, heavy rains in West Africa, with wetness and dryness in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Africa Weather Hazards

    1. Consistently low and infrequent seasonal precipitation across some bimodal rainfall areas of northern Tanzania, as well as western Kenya, northeastern Uganda, southeastern South Sudan, and the southern Rift Valley of Ethiopia have strengthened moisture deficits since late March. The poor rains have negatively impacted livestock, led to the replanting of crops, and reduced crop yields. Continued poor rainfall expected in June is likely to adversely impact crops and pastoral conditions in the region.

    2. Sporadic rainfall during the past several months has led to rainfall deficits and dryness across the Hirraan, Galgaduud, and Mudug Regions of southern and central Somalia and the Somali Region of Ethiopia, which has led to water shortages. Light rains should provide some relief during the next week, though dryness will remain.

    3. Poorly distributed rainfall since mid-April had led to a rapid deterioration of ground conditions throughout portions of southern Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, and northwestern Tanzania. As seasonal rainfall is expected to decrease in June, sustained moisture deficits are likely to negatively impact cropping activities in the region.

    4. Frequent and above-average rainfall since May has resulted in oversaturated conditions in many regions of Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, southern Mali, and western Cote d’Ivoire. There is an increased chance for localized flooding as heavy downpours are forecast during the next week.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger
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    2014

    REQUIREMENT 391 millions
    FUNDING (1) 93 millions
    UNMET REQUIREMENT 298 millions


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali

    Recent clashes between armed groups and the Malian military have forced more than 4,000 people to flee their homes in the Kidal region of northern Mali.

    BAMAKO - Alkarinatou Wallet Alhamdou, a widow and mother of two, is among those who fled to the nearby region of Gao when violence erupted.

    She will always remember the 21st of May, 2014. “I was at home when I suddenly heard gunshots” she said. As the sound of gunfire came closer, Alkarinatou ran inside with her two children to hide.

    Many hours later, when the shots could only be heard in the distance, she stepped outside to see if the danger had passed. In her yard, she found bullet shells on the ground. The sound of gunfire had been replaced by sobbing from nearby houses and the cries of her own frightened children.

    Alkarinatou knew she had to get out. She rushed back to her house and grabbed the only thing she had of value: her only pair of earrings, which she had hidden under an old clay jar. She left quickly with her two children to find the next public transport out of the area, which turned out to be a semi-trailer.

    For the second time since the outbreak of violence in the North of Mali in 2012, Alkarinatou was fleeing her hometown of Kidal.

    The 450 km journey from Kidal to Gao was incredibly difficult for Alkarinatou and her two children of 11- and 13-years old. The family of three arrived in Gao exhausted from the 47-degree heat, hot wind and blowing dust. And, they were hungry.

    WFP: Responding to urgent need

    WFP has been providing emergency assistance to vulnerable people in the regions of Gao and Kidal since early 2013.

    With the approach of the lean season, WFP had already planned to increase food distributions in the region – but, with the increased need arising from recent clashes, it has further increased its distributions to accommodate for people displaced by conflict.

    Working with Gao state Civil Protection, the Danish Refugee Council and other partners, WFP has provided rations to thousands of people like Alkarinatou and her family.

    This new wave of displaced people is putting additional pressure on the already-meagre resources of northern communities. According to a March 2014 assessment, 26 percent of people in this area are already living in food insecurity. As the lean season approaches, this number is expected to increase to 32 percent of the population.

    Lean season will cause added strain

    “The continuing volatile security situation in the North of Mali combined with the start of the lean season could worsen food insecurity and the malnutrition situation” said Sally Haydock, WFP’s Representative in Mali. “We are scaling up our operations to reach 1.3 million conflict-affected people at the height of the lean season” she added.

    WFP-Mali’s Emergency Operation, which provides food and nutritional support to the most vulnerable and conflict-affected people in Mali’s North, is facing a significant funding shortfall. At just one-third funded, WFP was forced to make the difficult choice to cut food rations in order to reach as many people as possible.

    Thanks to generous contributions from donors, as of June, WFP has been able to raise rations back to normal levels in time for the lean season. However, at just one-third funded, without further funding for WFP’s emergency operation in Mali, this situation will not be sustainable for long.

    Thanks to all our donors

    The top five donors to WFP’s emergency operation in Mali for 2014 are:
    - The United States
    - Japan
    - The European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department (ECHO)
    - The United Kingdom
    - Canada


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Algeria, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Mali, Nigeria, Sudan, Tunisia, South Sudan
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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    06/10/2014 00:12 GMT

    ALGER, 10 juin 2014 (AFP) - Trois mouvements du Nord Mali, signataires de l'accord de cessez-le feu du 23 mai, ont réaffirmé lundi soir à Alger leur volonté d'oeuvrer à la "consolidation de la dynamique de paix en cours", a annoncé le ministère algérien des Affaires étrangères.

    Le Mouvement national de libération de l'azawad (MNLA), le Haut conseil pour l'unité de l'azawad (HCUA) et le Mouvement arabe de l'azawad (MAA) ont signé "la Déclaration d'Alger", par laquelle ils ont également réaffirmé leur volonté de s'engager dans le dialogue inter-malien "inclusif", est-il précisé dans un communiqué, cité par l'agence APS.

    Les principaux dirigeants de ces trois mouvements étaient réunis depuis jeudi à Alger pour des consultations "exploratoires", après l'accord de cessez-le-feu signé le 23 mai avec Bamako.

    Ce dialogue inter-malien vise à trouver une solution "définitive"à l'instabilité dans le nord du Mali par "la prise en charge des revendications légitimes de la population locale dans le plein respect de l'intégrité territoriale et de l'unité nationale du Mali", selon le communiqué.

    L'adoption de la "Déclaration d'Alger" s'inscrit dans "l'esprit" des consultations exploratoires engagées par l'Algérie pour réunir les conditions de "succès" du dialogue intermalien "inclusif", a précisé la même source.

    Des Maliens du Nord avaient déjà participé en janvier à Alger à des "consultations exploratoires" en vue de la relance du dialogue inter-malien. Ce dialogue intervenait en prolongement des discussions de Ouagadougou entre Bamako et les mouvements du Nord.

    L'Algérie, qui partage avec le Mali une longue frontière traversée de part et d'autre par des jihadistes, joue les médiateurs dans le conflit malien.

    abh/mf

    © 1994-2014 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Government of the United States of America
    Country: Burkina Faso

    MCC’s five-year compact with Burkina Faso ends on July 31. This story is part of a series of blogs and stories to be published during the month of June that highlights the accomplishments of this compact through the voices of the people who will benefit most from MCC’s investments in Burkina Faso. Learn more about the Burkina Faso compact.

    For Bouraima Bouro and his family, hunger seasons will soon be a distant memory.

    For Césaire Tiama, the bigger house he has long promised his family will soon be on the way.

    And for Fatimata Dossama, business is getting better, and the future is looking brighter.

    New irrigation, farmer training, land registration, new roads, and other investments of the Millennium Challenge Corporation’s five-year, $480.9 million compact is helping transform parts of Burkina Faso into hubs of agricultural production and commerce—while helping fight poverty in one of the world’s least-developed countries.

    Three of the compact’s four projects encourage economic growth by addressing problems from several angles. The Agriculture Development Project is bringing irrigation to many fields for the first time and teaching farmers how to grow more crops and raise better livestock. The Rural Land Governance Project is allowing landholders to obtain titles to their property, so they can have the security needed to invest more in their land. And the Roads Project is helping link markets across the country and the region.

    The compact ends July 31, but its early impact can be told through the eyes of Bouro, Tiama and Dossama, just three of the 1.1 million Burkinabé expected to benefit from the MCC compact over the next 20 years.

    A bountiful harvest

    Bouraima Bouro has been working the same four-acre farm in the northern commune of Dî for more than three decades. Year after year, his family eked out a marginal life: They grew corn, and the rains—along with a bit of good luck—determined how much food they could eat each year.

    The hunger season struck in most years. During this time, the family’s food supply would dwindle in the months approaching the harvest. People skipped meals, a common occurrence in a country where 13 million of the 16.5 million people don’t have enough food, and almost one-third of the children are stunted because of inadequate nutrition.

    Two years ago, through the Agriculture Development Project, irrigation came to Bouro’s land. Bouro now produces a second corn crop, as well as onions and tomatoes. His family’s hunger season has been replaced by a harvest of plenty.

    “Just one year ago, we didn’t have enough to feed our family,” said Bouro, who lives in a family compound that includes 20 children. “Now everyone eats and we can sell the extra.”

    The early impact of the project—which has brought new, improved irrigation to 4,300 acres, trained farmers on improved production and soil and water management techniques, and helped establish water-user associations to sustainably manage natural resources—was on full display in March during a market day in Dî. Dozens of merchants stood near large piles of plump, red tomatoes and mesh sacks crammed with onions. Women in bright clothing also sold rice, peppers, squash, cucumbers, and cabbage.

    Bouro was selling his vegetables to buyers from around the region, especially Ghanaians. He has invested the extra money in school fees for his children and medical fees for his family. He also has purchased fertilizer and will soon buy a cow and tools for his fields.

    “Life,” he said, “is now much better.”

    Security for investments

    Césaire Tiama has been growing rice on his irrigated land outside Niassan village for almost three decades with roughly the same output each year. His last rice harvest, though, doubled in size—and he believes that’s just the start.

    Compact-funded agricultural extension agents taught Tiama how to get better yields and provided higher-quality rice and tomato seeds. But the most important change, he said, is that he finally has paperwork establishing his right to the land plot he has worked since 1986.

    “Farmers across the area were not as motivated to work and invest in their land because it could be taken away from them on any day,” he said. “Why invest money when the security is not there?”

    The rural land certificates demarcate boundaries and provide legal protection. (The government owns all rural land, and the certificates recognize the legitimate rights of people who work the land.) The Burkinabé government expects to issue 2,000 rural land certificates by the time the compact ends in July, and the project has helped set up the institutions needed to issue the certificates across 15 percent of the country.

    MCC worked with the Government of Burkina Faso to pass a milestone rural land reform law in 2009. The government established rural land commissions to resolve disputes and process land claims, and the law provides for oversight over large land purchases to protect rural residents.

    For farmers like Tiama, legal recognition of land rights can make a big difference, as it can help them feel more confident in investing in more expensive—but ultimately higher-value—crops like tomatoes, onions and peppers, which they can sell to traders from Togo, Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire.

    Compact-funded training is also helping farmers grow more staples. Previously, each of Tiama’s acres would produce between 2,600 and 3,500 pounds of rice. With the better seeds and new techniques, he is producing nearly 6,000 pounds of rice per acre, he said.

    Tiama is using the extra money on better tools and seeds for his farm, as well as a new motorcycle.

    “And soon, I will have enough money to start building the bigger, better house I have told my family I will build for them,” he said.

    Better product, more customers

    Once or twice a week, Fatimata Dossama hires a truck to make the daylong trip to Dî, load up on tomatoes and onions and travel back to her market stall in Bobo Dioulasso, the nation’s second-largest city. After she sells the produce, she earns about $150 from each trip.

    There are closer fields than Dî, she said, but the tomatoes from up north are bigger and brighter, catching the eyes of potential customers—and many of those customers use the roads MCC is helping to improve as part of the compact’s Roads Project.

    “They come from Côte d'Ivoire and Mali and elsewhere to buy, and they want to buy the produce grown in Dî because it’s much better,” she said. “It’s worth the drive.”

    During one day in March, Dossama sold her entire lot of tomatoes to merchants from Côte d'Ivoire who traveled across the first MCC-funded road improved through the Incentive Matching Fund for Periodic Maintenance. MCC is matching funds provided by the Burkinabé government to maintain the country’s road network.

    The Roads Project is also paving 170 miles of primary roads in western Burkina Faso and improving 90 miles of rural roads in the southwest. These road investments will help reduce travel time and vehicle maintenance costs, stimulating commerce at markets throughout the region.

    Many of Dossama’s customers drive along those roads in the country’s southwest, and she hopes more road improvements will bring in more customers. Dossama and her husband, a fruit trader, support four children and Dossama’s mother.

    She and her husband hope to re-invest some of the extra income in new businesses, possibly starting fruit and vegetable processing like producing tomato paste.

    “We have big plans for our future,” she said.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Algeria, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria
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    FAITS SAILLANTS

    • L’afflux des réfugiés se poursuit à Diffa.

    • Des migrants continuent de se rendre en Algérie et en Lybie.

    • La faiblesse du niveau de financement réduit la réponse humanitaire.

    • Suivre les indicateurs de performance des clusters sera bientôt possible en ligne

    Mouvements de populations

    Des centaines de personnes en provenance du Nigeria arrivent à Diffa chaque semaine

    La région de Diffa, au sud-est du Niger, continue d’accueillir des populations fuyant les violences exercées par la secte Boko Haram sur les villages du nord-est du Nigéria.
    Les organisations humanitaires dont le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les Réfugiés (HCR) et son partenaire International Rescue Committee (IRC), signalent des afflux de plusieurs centaines de personnes par semaine.

    Ainsi en l’espace des seules trois premières semaines du mois de mai, le HCR et IRC ont rapporté l’arrivée de 4 400 personnes. Si la tendance se poursuit, préviennent les organisations humanitaires, le nombre de personnes cherchant refuge au Niger pourrait atteindre 100 000 d’ici la fin de l’année 2014.

    Les premiers mouvements de population avaient été signalés en avril/mai de l’année dernière avec l’arrivée d’environ 6 000 personnes dans la région. Une année plus tard, on estime à environ 50 000 le nombre de personnes, réfugiés nigérians et retournés, ayant franchi les frontières pour se mettre à l’abri au Niger, principalement dans la région de Diffa déjà peuplée de près de 600 000 personnes, selon l’Institut National de la Statistique (INS) Novembre 2013.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Niger
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    FAITS SAILLANTS

    • Déplacement de 14 000 nouvelles personnes dans la région de Kidal.

    • Les acteurs humanitaires poursuivent leurs activités au nord y compris à Kidal malgré un accès plus difficile.

    • Le HCR a obtenu l’engagement des autorités maliennes et nigériennes pour faciliter le processus de rapatriement volontaire des réfugiés maliens au Niger.

    CHIFFRES CLÉS

    Nb. de déplacés internes (source: Commission Mouvements de Population) - 137 096

    Nb. de réfugiés (Source: HCR) - 141 274

    Population en situation d’insécurité alimentaire sévère (Source : cadre harmonisé mars 2014) - 1 500 000

    Nombre d’enfants de 6 à 59 mois à risque de malnutrition aiguë (Source: Plan de réponse stratégique (SRP) pour le Mali 2014) - 496 000

    FINANCEMENTS

    568 millions fonds requis (USD) à travers le Plan de Réponse Stratégique 2014

    112 millions fonds mobilisés (USD)

    Les violences à Kidal entraînent le déplacement de plus de 14 000 personnes Les affrontements entre les forces de sécurité maliennes et les groupes armés le 17 mai 2014 ont considérablement perturbé la situation sécuritaire dans la région de Kidal et occasionné de nouveaux mouvements des populations.

    Une évaluation multisectorielle menée entre le 27 et le 30 mai 2014 par les acteurs humanitaires présents (IRC, IEDA Relief,
    Solidarités International, Médecins du Monde Belgique, GARDL et SOLISA) a confirmé le déplacement de 2 041 ménages, soit un total de 14 287 personnes dans l’ensemble des cinq zones évaluées dans les cercles de Kidal et Tessalit. Les populations déplacées se sont regroupées dans les vallées adjacentes, notamment les oueds, où des camps de regroupement se sont formés autour des points d’eau. Par ailleurs, au moins 1 000 personnes ont également fui Kidal vers Gao.

    La plupart des acteurs humanitaires avaient été contraints d’interrompre leurs activités lorsque les affrontements ont éclaté. Néanmoins, quelques acteurs restés sur place ont fourni des soins de santé aux populations civiles et aux blessés dans le centre de santé de référence de Kidal durant toute la période des combats. Plus de 60 prises en charge médicales ont été assurées entre le 16 et 30 mai. Avec le retour au calme constaté après la signature d’un accord de « cessez-le-feu » le 23 mai, les acteurs humanitaires ont commencé à se redéployer dans la région, même si leur présence reste limitée.

    Une réponse multisectorielle aux besoins urgents des populations déplacées et hôtes est en cours, y compris dans les secteurs de l’eau, l’hygiène et l’assainissement, la santé, l’alimentation, la protection, abris, biens non-alimentaires (NFI) et l’éducation.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria
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    Operational Context

    The crisis in northern Mali since 2012 has forced some 50,000 Malians into exile into Niger. It has also led to the return of 6,000 Niger nationals previously living in Mali. Most refugees live in the three camps established in Tillaberi region in 2012, namely: Abala, Mangaize and Tabareybarey. In 2013, in an attempt to adapt to the specific needs of nomadic refugees, two “refugee hosting areas” were established in Intikane and Tazalit in Tahoua region. These are vast areas where nomadic Malian refugees can settle freely with their livestock enabling them to live according to their traditional and pastoral way of life with grazing land for their animals. Following the presidential elections in July-August 2013 and a gradual improvement of the security situation in northern Mali, a back-and-forth movement between Niger and the areas of origin in Mali has been observed. Some refugees have also requested UNHCR for return assistance. Even though the situation in northern Mali does not yet call for the promotion of organized massive returns, UNHCR has offered individual assistance and since November 2013 has facilitated the return of some 6,000 refugees to Mali. On 3 May 2014, a Tripartite Agreement between Mali, Niger and UNHCR was signed for the voluntary repatriation of refugees. However, as a result of the May incidents in northern Mali, UNHCR has suspended the facilitation of the repatriation process till further notice.

    Since the declaration of a state of emergency in May 2013 in Adamawa, Yobe and Borno states in northern Nigeria, more than 50.000 displaced persons (Nigerian refugees, Niger nationals) have fled Nigeria and sought refuge in the Diffa region, south-east of Niger. The local population has generously received the persons fleeing violence in Nigeria by hosting them in their families and communities. UNHCR, in coordination with partners, provides protection and humanitarian assistance through a community-based approach. The out-of-camp program in Diffa focuses on strengthening the resilience of the affected population and the local communities hosting them.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria
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    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Over 101,000 people fled violence in CAR to Chad since last December.

    • Two new temporary camps continue to be prepared to house 50,000 people.

    • The humanitarian response remains underfunded. Serious gaps remain in shelter and WASH.

    • FAO launched a food security project for 15,000 families that fled CAR and for those hosting them.

    • Boko Haram violence and military operations force 1,500 people from Nigeria to flee into Chad.

    The conditions of new arrivals are extremely precarious

    While the pace of new arrivals from the Central African Republic (CAR) to Chad has considerably diminished in the last two months - to less than 100 per day - the conditions of people coming across the border are extremely precarious. Most often, they arrive without belongings, having walked for days and kilometres through the bush in search of safety. Most have already been made vulnerable by months of violence, and limited access to basic services. Their health conditions in particular, are extremely poor. Of 320 persons arriving 29 May in Kourno, Chari Baguirmi region, some 20% have been admitted to the local health centre for treatment.

    Missions ongoing to identify unregistered people

    A total of 101,752 people are known to have crossed into Chad since end of December 2013. 98,262 have been registered by the Government and the International Organization of Migration (IOM), while 3,490 have been registered by OXFAM. The real number of people who have fled to Chad from CAR may be several thousand people higher as registrations undertaken by IOM were voluntary and concentrated in locations of large population inflows. Transport services were offered by IOM as an incentive for registration, so those people not wishing to leave the transit sites had little incentive to register.
    Results of a joint mission by UN Agencies (WFP, UNHCR, FAO) and NGOs (OXFAM and ACT-FLM) on April 17 -24 show important humanitarian needs for CAR refugees and local communities in host communities in Moissala (Mandoul region).

    As the greatest population inflows are in Moyen Chari and Logone Orientale, the registration of people along the border, in regions such as the Mandoul and Salamat, are still being undertaken. This is particularly challenging as humanitarian actors have little presence in these locations, although NGOs are increasingly broadening their services in the Mandoul. According to reports from the authorities and humanitarian sources, hundreds of people have found refuge with host families along the border and more are reported to have joined existing refugee camps and communities.

    Follow up is required with people moved to host families

    Missions by IOM, the World Food Programme (WFP), the Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and humanitarian partners are currently underway to gather more information about these people and their humanitarian needs. Discussions are being undertaken with NGOs on supporting their registration.

    As of 2 June, over 28,900 Chadian returnees had been transported by IOM from the different transit sites to their final destinations (see map in annex on people transported by IOM). Little is known of the assistance received by these people, nor of their current living conditions.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria
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    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Plus de 101 000 personnes ont été enregistrées au Tchad après avoir fui la RCA en décembre dernier.

    • Deux camps sont en train d’être mis en place pour abriter environ 50 000 personnes vivant sur les sites de transit existants.

    • La réponse humanitaire est entravée par le sousfinancement.
      De gros gaps résident dans les abris et l’eau, l’hygiène et assainissement.

    • La campagne de violence de Boko Haram et les opérations militaires de l’armée nigériane ont obligé quelque 1 500 personnes à fuir au Tchad.

    Un besoin urgent d’aide aux nouveaux arrivants

    Les conditions des nouveaux arrivants sont extrêmement précaires

    Bien que le rythme des nouveaux arrivants de la République centrafricaine (RCA) au Tchad a considérablement diminué au cours des deux derniers mois - à moins de 100 par jour - la situation des personnes qui traversent la frontière est extrêmement précaire.
    Le plus souvent, ils arrivent sans leurs biens, après avoir marché pendant des jours et des kilomètres dans la brousse à la recherche de la sécurité. La plupart ont déjà été rendus vulnérables par des mois de violence, et l'accès limité aux services de base. Leurs conditions sanitaires sont en particulier, extrêmement mauvaises. Des 320 personnes arrivées le 29 mai à Kouno, région de Chari Baguirmi, quelque 20% ont dû être admis au centre de santé local pour traitement.

    Des missions en cours pour identifier les personnes non enregistrées

    Un total de 101 752 personnes a franchi la frontière sud du Tchad depuis la fin décembre 2013. Quelque 98 262 d’entre elles ont été enregistrées par le Gouvernement et l'Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM), tandis que 3 490 ont été enregistrées et rapportés par OXFAM. Le nombre réel de personnes qui ont fui la RCA vers le Tchad peut être à des milliers plus élevé d’autant que les enregistrements effectués par l'OIM étaient volontaires et concentrés dans des endroits d'importants afflux de population. Les services de transport ont été offerts par l'OIM comme une motivation a l'enregistrement. Ainsi, les personnes ne souhaitant pas quitter les sites de transit étaient peu motivées a s’inscrire.

    Les résultats d'une mission conjointe par les agences des Nations Unies (PAM, HCR, FAO) et des ONG (Oxfam et ACT-FLM) du 17 au 24 avril montrent des besoins humanitaires importants pour les réfugiés centrafricains et des communautés locales dans les communautés d'accueil à Moïssala (Bar Sara) dans le Mandoul.

    Comme les plus grands afflux de population étaient enregistrés dans le Moyen Chari et le Logone Oriental, l'enregistrement des personnes le long de la frontière, dans des régions comme le Mandoul et le Salamat, sont encore envisagés. Cela est particulièrement difficile car les acteurs humanitaires sont peu présents dans ces endroits, même si les ONG élargissent de plus en plus leurs services dans le Mandoul. Selon les rapports des autorités et des sources humanitaires, des centaines de personnes ont trouvé refuge dans des familles d'accueil le long de la frontière et bien d’autres auraient rejoint les camps de réfugiés existants et les communautés hôtes.


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, World, Yemen, South Sudan
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    Iraq: An estimated 500,000 Iraqis have fled Mosul following the city’s takeover by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. The IDPs are fleeing from the west to the east of the city, to other parts of Ninevah governorate, and to the Kurdistan region. Indiscriminate shelling is reportedly continuing. In Anbar governorate, armed violence has displaced close to half a million people so far this year.

    Pakistan: The Taliban (TTP) carried out several attacks on Jinnah International Airport, Karachi. The TTP vowed that all-out war would start on 10 June. In response, the Government launched airstrikes against militant hide-outs in tribal areas.

    South Sudan: Over 1,400 cases of cholera, 30 of which were fatal, have been recorded in Juba. Up to 2,000 Sudanese refugees have reportedly left Maban county in South Sudan for Blue Nile state, Sudan, due to food shortages.

    Updated: 11/06/2014. Next update: 17/06/2014

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
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    1. Mensajes Clave

    • Los pronósticos de la FAO relativos a la producción, consumo, comercio y a las existencias mundiales de cereales en 2013/14 han mejorado desde febrero, por lo que se plantea una situación global favorable de la oferta en comparación con la campaña anterior (2012/2013). Por ello, los precios de exportación de los cereales se mantuvieron por debajo de los niveles de un año antes, excepto para el caso del maíz que elevó sus cotizaciones gracias a una sólida demanda internacional para su utilización como pienso y con fines industriales.

    • En Haití, los precios se mantienen con tendencias estables en el mes de abril de 2014, gracias al comportamiento estable de los precios internacionales de los productos importados, la regulación del mercado interno y un tipo de cambio sin grandes variaciones. No obstante, se esperan ligeras alzas sobre maíz y frijol, debido a la disminución de la oferta producto de la estacionalidad de la producción, así como a la demanda de semillas para siembra.

    • En América Central, a abril de 2014, se ha observado volatilidad en el precio del frijol rojo ante una oferta limitada en el mercado regional, afectada por diversos factores como: daños a la producción en Honduras; sustitución de la superficie sembrada con cultivo de frijol rojo por frijol negro en Nicaragua; y aumento de la demanda del grano por parte de Costa Rica y Venezuela.

    • En síntesis, en la región existen alzas de precios en maíz y frijol, los cuales se estima que continuarán en el corto plazo, por pronósticos de déficit de lluvias, especialmente durante el período de canícula a mediados de 2014, considerando que para mayo existe un 58% de probabilidad de desarrollo del fenómeno de El Niño; se aúnan los factores de estacionalidad de la producción inherentes a cada cultivo. Por ello, el monitoreo debe ser constante sobre las variables que pudieran cambiar esta perspectiva, elevando riesgos en el corto plazo sobre la seguridad alimentaria ante precios altos.


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    Source: Government of Guatemala
    Country: Guatemala

    El Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef) ha dado su apoyo a un proyecto que busca asistir a 380.000 niños menores de 5 años y a mujeres embarazadas, afectados por la desnutrición crónica, en 74 de los 338 municipios de Guatemala.

    El plan denominado "Niñas y niños con energía para crecer, aprender y soñar" es liderado por la Transportadora de Energía Centroamericana, S.A (Trecsa), la cual desde 2010 construye un sistema de transmisión de energía en el país, y su objetivo principal es suministrar medicinas y nutrientes como ácido fólico, sulfato ferroso, sulfato de zinc, entre otros.

    No obstante, esa no será la primera vez que Trecsa y Unicef realicen la actividad, pues también se llevó a cabo el año pasado y hoy se presentaron los resultados. En 2013 se benefició a 100 mil infantes y 21 mil mujeres en estado de gestación; además se donaron mil 800 equipos para medir el peso y la talla de los bebés a 133 puestos de salud.

    Durante la presentación del informe, Christian Skoog, representante de Unicef Guatemala, resaltó la apertura que ha tenido la actual administración de Gobierno y la confianza de Trecsa para impulsar esta iniciativa, "que se vincula a los derechos fundamentales de la vida, la salud, la educación y un futuro mejor" y que la implementación de otras acciones similares son "urgentes e impostergables".

    De acuerdo con Guillermo Pérez, gerente general del Trecsa, lo que se busca es reforzar el Pacto Hambre Cero, impulsado desde 2012 por el gobierno del presidente Otto Pérez Molina, y a la vez reducir los índices de desnutrición en este país y así propiciar el desarrollo en departamentos como Sololá, Quetzaltenango, Totonicapán, El Progreso, Alta y Baja Verapaz.

    Hambre Cero es uno de los tres ejes del Gobierno de Guatemala, su objetivo principal es reducir en 10 por ciento, para finales de 2015, la desnutrición crónica que padecen casi la mitad de niños menores de 5 años en este país centroamericano.

    Con información de Agencia Guatemalteca de Noticias (AGN).- www.agn.com.gt


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    06/11/2014 20:00 GMT

    BAMAKO, June 11, 2014 (AFP) - A suicide bomber killed four Chadian United Nations peacekeepers at a military camp in rebel-infested north-eastern Mali on Wednesday, the UN and the government said.

    The bomber struck in a car laden with explosives at the entrance to the barracks, which houses local soldiers as well as international troops from the UN's MINUSMA peacekeeping force.

    "Today at 3:30pm (1500 GMT), a suicide car exploded at the entrance of the MINUSMA camp... The attack killed four peacekeepers," a statement from the force said.

    "In addition, the attack wounded 10 people who are currently being evacuated, including six from MINUSMA and four members of the Malian armed forces."

    The statement quoted MINUSMA chief Bert Koenders condemning "this cowardly and odious attack" in Aguelhok, a town of 8,000 in the Ifoghas mountain range.

    "I am shocked that brave peacekeepers have again been targeted. This attack will not deter the MINUSMA from its mission of peace and security in Mali," Koenders said.

    A Malian military source had earlier said that "at least four Chadian and Malian soldiers" were killed.

    But a ministry of defence source told AFP Malians initially thought to be among the dead turned out to have survived and were severely wounded, while the dead were all Chadian.

    It was the first major attack in the Kidal region since the government and the three main rebel groups signed a ceasefire deal in May to end days of violence in the northern desert.

    Around 50 Chadians have been killed since the country's leader Idriss Deby sent troops to fight Islamist rebels alongside French troops in Mali at the beginning of last year.

    Kidal is the cradle of Mali's Tuareg separatist movement, which wants independence for a vast swathe of northern desert it calls "Azawad" and which has launched several rebellions since the 1960s.

    • Security challenges 'enormous' -

    The country descended into crisis in January 2012, when Tuareg rebels from the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad launched the latest insurgency.

    A subsequent coup in Bamako led to chaos, and militants linked to Al-Qaeda overpowered the Tuareg to seize control of Mali's northern desert.

    A French-led military operation launched in January 2013 ousted the extremists, but sporadic attacks by armed Islamists have continued, and the Tuareg demand for autonomy has not been resolved.

    The UN has acknowledged that it is struggling to get peacekeeping troops into place in Mali as France seeks to draw down its force battling militant groups.

    Almost 18 months after France intervened to halt an Islamist march on Mali's capital, the UN mission in the impoverished west African nation has just 7,250 of the 11,200 troops it intended to build up, according its website.

    France is winding down its force from a peak of around 5,000 soldiers but is to keep 1,000 troops in Mali beyond July.

    The UN peacekeepers took over security in July last year from a pan-African military mission which had been supporting the French troops.

    MINUSMA chief Koenders told the UN Security Council in January the security challenges in Mali are still "enormous".

    A roadside bomb struck a UN vehicle in northern Mali in April, wounding a peacekeeper from Guinea during a UN visit of foreign dignitaries.

    Two Senegalese peacekeepers were killed six months ago when a car filled with explosives crashed into a bank in Kidal's regional capital -- also called Kidal -- that was being guarded by MINUSMA troops.

    A Malian jihadist, Sultan Ould Badi, claimed responsibility for the attack, calling it payback for African countries' military support for French operations on the continent.

    sd/stb/ft/cc


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