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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Le vent poussiéreux et sec de l’harmatan s’estompait à mesure que le soleil approchait le zénith sur la localité d’Adjiri. Installée dans les faubourgs de la ville de Diffa, la petite communauté est composée de 191 familles. Elles y ont été relocalisées à la suite des inondations consécutives à la crue de la Komadougou. Les eaux étaient montées à presque 5 m en novembre –un niveau jamais égalé ces 40 dernières années.

    Au total, plus de 15 000 personnes ont été déplacées. A Adjiri, les déplacés vivent sous des tentes en blanc fournies par l’Organisation internationale de la migration (OIM) grâce au financement des fonds CERF (Fonds central des secours d’urgence).

    L’eau potable y est une denrée rare. Abubakar Ary est visiblement épuisée sous le poids des 40 litres d’eau qu’elle ramène à sa tente. « Nous devons marcher sur 2 km chaque jour, matin et soir, pour chercher de l’eau à un forage. Il n’y a ni puits ni source d’eau dans l’environnement immédiat ».

    Voir le rapport complet


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, United States of America
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    In the past decade, chronic food insecurity and malnutrition, cyclical drought, locust infestations, seasonal floods, disease outbreaks, and recurrent complex emergencies have presented significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the West Africa region. Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) have provided humanitarian assistance to lessen the impacts of a diverse range of natural disasters and manmade crises, including food insecurity, malnutrition, high food prices, and locust infestations in the Sahel; complex emergencies in Chad, Côte d’Ivoire, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, and Sierra Leone; meningitis, cholera, and measles outbreaks in multiple countries; and flooding throughout the region.

    Between FY 2004 and FY 2013, USAID provided nearly $1.6 billion in humanitarian assistance to West Africa, comprising more than $1.3 billion from USAID/FFP for emergency food assistance and nearly $312 million from USAID/OFDA for agriculture and food security, economic recovery and market systems, health, nutrition, protection, shelter, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) interventions, as well as support for humanitarian coordination, logistics, and the provision of relief commodities.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali, Mauritania
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    Highlights

    • This Situation Report summarises results of UNICEF’s humanitarian programmes in 2013.

    • $13,494,880 of the required $20,222,932 was received to respond to the humanitarian needs of children in Mauritania in 2013. This was 67% of total requirement to save the lives of children affected by the Malian refugee crisis and by malnutrition.*

    Malian refugee crisis response

    • Mauritania hosts more refugees fleeing the conflict in Mali than any other country affected by the crisis with 66,392 refugees** living in the Mbéra camp. 56% of the refugees are children.

    • In 2013, together with UNHCR, the Government and other partners, UNICEF provided:

    o 6,649 children (49% girls) with formal and non-formal education
    o around 5,000 children psychosocial stimulation
    o 4,233 children with treatment for Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM)
    o 30,000 refugees with improved water treatment and hygiene

    • UNICEF is helping to reinforce basic services for the vulnerable communities hosting the refugees, including malnutrition treatment, education, health and WASH.

    Malnutrition response

    • In 2013, more than 16,000 children under five suffering SAM (67% of the 2013 target) were admitted for treatment. Active screening and referral of malnutrition cases as well as mobiles clinics were used to increase programme coverage and collect missing data.

    • Blanket feeding and ‘WASH in Nut’ programmes to prevent malnutrition were implemented alongside life-saving nutrition interventions providing therapeutic food and medicines.

    • The estimated caseload for 2014 is 125,263 children with GAM, including 30,741 children with SAM. This is an increase of more than 25% from 2013.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Senegal
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    L’épuisement précoce des stocks de récolte induit une insécurité alimentaire aiguë par endroits

    MESSAGE CLES

    • La baisse de la production agricole d’environ 17% par rapport à la moyenne réduit la disponibilité alimentaire moyenne dans le pays particulièrement au niveau des ménages pauvres des zones victimes de la baisse importante de productions au nord et sud-est. Ces ménages auront des difficultés à couvrir leurs besoins et seront en insécurité alimentaire aiguë Stress (Phase 2 IPC 2.0) à partir d’avril.

    • La majorité des ménages pauvres à travers le pays en cette période de hausse de prix des denrées feront recours à des stratégies d’adaptations pour combler le déficit de production et améliorer leurs revenus pour la satisfaction de leurs besoins alimentaires. Ils seront en phase d’insécurité alimentaire aiguë Minime (Phase 1 IPC 2.0) jusqu’en juin 2014.

    • Les prix d’achat des céréales, après une série de baisse d’octobre à décembre présentent une légère hausse en janvier. La stabilité du prix pour le riz importé qui reste inférieur d’environ 7% à la moyenne permet un accès des ménages à cette denrée.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Niger

    Latrines, hand washing help to transform village hygiene

    “Urban communities in my department have a lot to learn from [the program’s] targeted communities in hygiene and sanitation … this is a good beginning.”

    One of the least developed countries worldwide, Niger faces chronic food insecurity due to reliance on subsistence rain-fed agriculture, aggravated by high population growth, land degradation and climate change. The most recent food and nutrition crisis in 2012 drastically weakened vulnerable populations’ ability to recover from crises.

    To address this chronic food insecurity, USAID is supporting a multi-layered development food assistance program implemented by Catholic Relief Services (CRS) in several communities in Niger.

    One of those communities is Doukou-Doukou, situated within the department of Mayahi in south central Niger and home to more than 780 people affected by chronic food insecurity.

    But the residents of Doukou-Doukou are not just food insecure. Bad sanitation conditions and no access to latrines have led to high incidences of disease. Diarrheal diseases are common during the rainy season and over 50 percent of the children less than 5 years old are stunted.

    Improving sanitation and hygiene is the first step towards decreasing disease and reducing diarrhea, allowing children to better digest food, absorb more nutrients, and lead healthier lives. The program introduced the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach in several villages, including Doukou-Doukou. The approach encourages communities to completely eliminate defecation in open areas

    The Doukou-Doukou village began tackling the high prevalence of disease by constructing 113 latrines to improve sanitation, one for almost every household in the village.

    According to Chekarou Dare, the village chief, “Open defecation was the norm, we never thought about building latrines for ourselves. We sometimes think about it for our visitors because we don’t want to be embarrassed when they ask to visit a place of convenience.”

    By working hand in hand with the community to identify some of the problems leading to disease, CRS trained leaders to tackle these problems on their own. Two natural leaders in Doukou-Doukou were trained to mobilize community members to eliminate open defecation.

    “All of a sudden, members of our community understood the importance of latrines and hygiene in our community. It was a moment of magic. Everyone wanted a latrine at home, everyone wanted a hand washing station,” says Sahoura Salisou, one of the leaders. “Today, 113 latrines have been constructed; [almost] every single household has a latrine. It took only two months for the village people to build the latrines from local materials with no external assistance.”

    Doukou-Doukou is a model of how CLTS was able to motivate rural villages by teaching simple behavior changes to address hygiene and sanitation issues. Once the approach was introduced to the community and the sanitation problem was assessed, members became empowered to change the status quo.

    “Urban communities in my department have a lot to learn from [the program’s] targeted communities in hygiene and sanitation … this is a good beginning,” says Mohamed Mahamadou, prefect of Mayahi.

    With new latrines and hand washing stations in place, families across these communities can make small changes in their daily routines to see a noticeable decline in diarrhea and other illnesses. The program aims to expand CLTS to an additional 200 communities and train over 400 leaders to transform their communities’ hygiene.

    CLTS has been introduced in 55 communities within the Maradi and Zinder regions. In 2013, more than 35,000 community members were trained on hygiene practices such as hand washing, use of tippy taps, and protection of food from contamination. More than 2,500 latrines were also constructed. By improving water and sanitation in these communities, village members will be able to better prepare food and better absorb essential nutrients, leading to improved food security.

    The five-year USAID/CRS development food assistance program, which began in August 2012, aims to reduce food insecurity and malnutrition in over 86,000 rural households in the Maradi and Zinder regions of Niger. The program focuses on health, nutrition and WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene) activities that will lead to sustained prevention of stunting and malnutrition.


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    Source: Danish Refugee Council, Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, CARE, Handicap International, Action Contre la Faim, Solidarités International, Oxfam, International Rescue Committee, Plan, World Vision
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali: Ahead of the Sahel Appeal to be launched by the United Nations on the 3rd February 2014 in Rome, 11 humanitarian agencies warn that northern Mali is set to face another serious food crisis unless funds are rapidly mobilised.

    More than 800,000 people need immediate food assistance, and across the country three million people are at risk of not finding enough to eat, according to the result of the December 2013 Harmonized Framework which convenes non-governmental organizations (NGOs), governments, and United Nations agencies working on food security in the Sahel . More than half of these people are living in northern Mali.

    The combined effects of armed conflict and the lasting impacts of the 2012 food crisis in the north of Mali, combined with poor recent harvests, have had a severe effect on populations, limiting access to food and livelihoods for the most vulnerable, said ACF, ACTED, AVSF, CARE International, DRC, Handicap International, IRC, Plan International, Oxfam, Solidarités International and World Vision.

    Franck Vannetelle, Director of Action Against Hunger in Mali, said: “The number of vulnerable people facing a new food crisis is likely to double if the needs identified are not met quickly”. In July 2013, a World Food Programme (WFP) report highlighted that 75.2 per cent of households were food insecure in the regions of Gao, Timbuktu, Kidal and Mopti. This number has continued to rise in recent months.

    The „lean‟ season – when food stocks run low before the next harvest – will start early this year. The late arrival of rains, the low availability of cereal stocks in households, poor harvests in some parts of the country and the failure of markets to function properly mean that people have not been able to recover since last year‟s lean season. Herders have not been able to use traditional pastures and water points critical for the survival of their animals because of insecurity.

    Hélène Quéau, Head of Mission for Solidarités International in Mali, said : “The volatile security situation increases pressure on infrastructure and basic services in more secure areas, and disrupts the economic activities essential for people to recover, making them vulnerable to the slightest shock”. The difficult situation is likely to see more people migrating and getting in to debt in order to cope.

    Humanitarian organisations are calling for a rapid response. The UN‟s emergency appeal for Mali in 2013 was only 55 per cent funded. The outlook for 2014 is already proving bleak with a drastic cut in contributions from certain emergency and development donors. Greater technical and financial resources are needed to respond to the onset of this food crisis.

    Osseni Amadou, Emergency Coordinator at CARE International Mali, said: “Food and nutrition support in the north of Mali should be stepped up in anticipation of the early hunger gap in 2014”. It should be done in parallel with interventions to support capacities of population to be resilient and also anticipate and prepare to recurrent crisis.

    Mohamed Coulibaly, Oxfam Director in Mali said: “The response to immediate humanitarian needs must be combined with a vision and commitment to implementing sustainable solutions. We have to invest in agricultural and pastoral policies that place family farming at their heart, as well as introduce social protection policies and food reserves that make people less vulnerable to shocks.”


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    Source: Danish Refugee Council, Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, CARE, Handicap International, Action Contre la Faim, Solidarités International, Oxfam, Plan, World Vision
    Country: Mali

    Alors que l'appel pour le Sahel des Nations Unies se tient ce lundi 3 février 2014 à Rome, 11 organisations humanitaires tirent la sonnette d'alarme sur la situation alimentaire extrêmementcritiquedanslenord du Mali et appellent à uneaugmentation immédiate du financement de l'aide humanitaire d'urgence.

    Plus de 800 000 personnes ont besoin d'une assistance alimentaire immédiate au Mali.

    Environ trois millions de personnes risquent de ne plus avoir de quoi manger dans les prochains mois, selon les résultats du Cadre harmonisé de Décembre 2013 rassemblant plusieurs gouvernements, organisations non gouvernementales (ONG), et agences onusiennes travaillant sur la sécurité alimentaire au Sahel. Plus de la moitié de ces personnes vivent dans le nord du pays.

    Les effets du conflit armé combinés à la crise alimentaire de 2012 dans le nord du Mali ont considérablement affecté les populations, limitant l'accès à la nourriture et aux moyens de subsistance des plus vulnérables. Les faibles récoltes de ces deux dernières années et le contexte sécuritaire toujours instable continuent d'aggraver la vulnérabilité des populations, préviennent ACF, ACTED, AVSF, CARE International, Danish Refugee Council, Handicap International, IRC, Plan International, Oxfam, Solidarités International et World Vision.

    Franck Vannetelle, directeur d'Action contre la Faim au Mali a déclaré que « le nombre de personnes vulnérables victimes de cette crise alimentaire devrait doubler si les besoins identifiés ne sont pas couverts rapidement au moyen d'une réponse rapide ».

    En juillet 2013, un rapport du Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) soulignait déjà que 75,2 % des ménages étaient en situation d'insécurité alimentaire dans les régions de Gao, Tombouctou, Kidal et Mopti. Cette proportion n'a cessé d'augmenter ces derniers mois.

    La soudure agricole, période où les stocks alimentaires sont épuisés, devrait être précoce cette année.

    Les aléas climatiques, la faible disponibilité des stocks de céréales dans les ménages, les mauvaises récoltes dans certaines parties du pays et les dysfonctionnements des marchés ne font qu'aggraver la situation. Les éleveurs de leur côté n'ont pas été en mesure d'utiliser les pâturages et points d'eau traditionnels, mettant en péril la survie de leurs animaux, du fait de l'insécurité.

    Hélène Quéau, chef de mission pour Solidarités International au Mali dit que « la volatilité du contexte sécuritaire accentue la pression sur les infrastructures et les services de base dans les zones davantage sécurisées et limite le bon déroulement des activités économiques indispensables pour le relèvementdespopulations, les rendant vulnérables au moindre choc ».

    Les gens adoptent des stratégies de survie qui les fragilisent toujours d'avantage, tels que l'émigration ou l'endettement systématique.

    Les organisations humanitaires appellent donc à une réponse rapide. L'Appel d'urgence humanitaire des Nations Unies pour le Mali visant à couvrir les besoins humanitaire pour 2013 n'a été financé qu'à 55%. Les perspectives pour 2014 se révèlent déjà mauvaises avec une réduction drastique des contributions de certains bailleurs de fonds d'urgence et de développement. Pourtant, des moyens techniques et financiers plus importants sont nécessaires pour répondre à ce début de crise alimentaire.

    Osseni Amadou, Coordonnateur Humanitaire à CARE International Mali affirme que « l'assistance alimentaire et nutritionnelle dans les régions du Nord du Mali doit donc être renforcée en anticipant une soudure précoce en 2014 ». Elle doit être associée à un renforcement des capacités de la population à subvenir à ses propres besoins, mais aussi à se préparer et anticiper ce type de crise récurrente.

    Mohammed Coulibaly, le directeur d'Oxfam au Mali soutient que « la réponse aux besoins humanitaires doit être combinée à une vision et un engagement pour la mise en œuvre de solutions durables. Il est essentiel d'investir dans des politiques agricoles et pastorales plaçant les exploitations familiales au centre des préoccupations gouvernementales et de la communauté humanitaire. De même, il demeure impératif de s'attaquer aux causes profondes de la vulnérabilité, à travers la mise en place d'une politique de protection sociale et de réserves alimentaires nationales et locales ».

    NOTES AUX RÉDACTIONS

    Le « Cadre Harmonisé d'identification et d'analyse des zones à risque et des populations en insécurité alimentaire » est un outil d'analyse consensuel initié par le Comité permanent inter-états de lutte contre la sécheresse dans le Sahel (CILSS) au début des années 2000 avec l'appui de la FAO, du PAM, de FEWSNET, d'Oxfam, Save the Children et ACF pour harmoniser les systèmes d'évaluation de la sécurité alimentaire dans le Sahel et en Afrique de l'Ouest. Il intègre l'Indice des Prix à la Consommation (IPC) de la FAO : instrument mesurant l'inflation des biens consommés par les ménages et classifiant la sévérité des situations d'insécurité alimentaire en cinq phases.

    Les 11 organisations signataires de ce communiqué ont participé à la dernière rencontre du Cadre Harmonisé fin décembre 2013 à Bamako, impliquant une quarantaine d'acteurs opérant au Mali : gouvernement, société civile, organisations non gouvernementales et agences internationales. Les experts ont analysé les données actuelles relatives à la sécurité alimentaire, cartographié la situation en cours et fait une projection pour mars 2014.

    POUR PLUS D'INFORMATION OU POUR TOUTE DEMANDE D'INTERVIEW, VEUILLEZ CONTACTER

    Adel Sarkozi - Rome - sarkozi@careinternational.org, +39 388439 1059 Awa Faly Ba - Dakar - afba@oxfam.org.uk, +221 77 639 41 78 Vincent Tremeau - Bamako - vtremeau@oxfam.org.uk, +223 66 75 47 46 Francine Obura - Bamako - francine_obura@wvi.org, + 223 67 17 88 54 Renaud Douci - Paris - rdouci@solidarites.org, +33 6 98 96 58 35


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, Education Cluster
    Country: Mali
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    Le tableau de Bord du Cluster Education présente l’évolution de la reprise des activités éducatives dans les 3 régions du Nord (Gao, Kidal, Tombouctou), ainsi que les réalisations du Cluster à la date du 30 décembre 2013. Les informations partagées sont les suivantes :1. Le nombre d’écoles fonctionnelles réparties par région2. Le nombre d’enseignants ayant repris fonction dans les 3 régions du Nord3. Le nombre d’écoles pillées/endommagées réparties par cercles (Gao et Tombouctou)4. Suivi des activités clés du Cluster Education réalisées entre le 1 Janvier 2013 et le 30 Décembre 2013 contre les cibles établies à travers le CAP 2013.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
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    Highlights

    · Since the crisis in North of Mali in February 2012 the caseload of refugees in Burkina Faso increased to a peak of 49,945 at the end of 2013, of which 27,146 were children.

    · Children admitted for SAM treatment in refugee camps in 2013 was 422 cases.

    · 9,986 children, 99% of the UNICEF target, benefited from recreational and psychosocial accompaniment through 30 safe and protective child friendly spaces. While UNICEF, UNHCR and partners are revising unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) statistics through the UNHCR biometric registration process, 98 unaccompanied and separated children (22 girls and 76 boys) benefited from a full package of interim care.

    · Biometric results are due to be published in February 2014.

    · The Back-to-School campaign for the 2013/2014 academic year, targeting refugees and the host communities in areas affected by the Mali crisis, has resulted in a large increase from 4,652 in 2012 to 13,778 children in 2013 with access to formal and non-formal basic education.

    · The water network in Mentao camp was extended during 2013 in all areas including the Child Friendly Spaces. Water provision has also been stable at 18l/person/day, close to the internationally accepted standard of 20l/person/day. 200 new family latrines have been constructed in Mentao camp during 2013; sanitation coverage remains at 20 person/latrine in Mentao and 14 person/latrine in Goudebou (20 person/latrine being the internationally accepted standard).

    · For the Sahel nutrition response, the cumulative number of children newly admitted for SAM treatment in 2013 is 60,097, 63% of the annual UNICEF target (these results are still partial with 75 per cent data completeness). UNICEF’s WASH-in-Nutrition strategy has supported 500 health centres to deliver the WASH minimum package over the year and 10,000 WASH kits have been prepositioned in health centres in 11 regions in the country.

    · During 2013, no measles or meningitis cases were reported in refugee camps thanks to UNICEF and partners’ support in vaccination. The total number of meningitis cases nationwide was much lower than in 2012 with 7,022 cases registered and no meningitis outbreak notified in 2013. A cholera prevention campaign was successful; no cholera cases have been confirmed either in refugee camps or in other vulnerable parts of the country.


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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal
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    L'ESSENTIEL

     La campagne de contre-saison se poursuit normalement dans la région

     Les prix des céréales restent en général stables ou en baisse comparés aux mois précédents mais demeurent supérieurs à leurs moyennes quinquennales

     La baisse des cours mondiaux de l’arachide entraîne des difficultés de commercialisation au Sénégal.

     Dans certaines zones du Niger, du Tchad, du Mali et de la Mauritanie, les ménages les plus vulnérables connaîtront une soudure précoce


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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Haiti, Indonesia, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, Philippines, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Uganda, World, Yemen, South Sudan
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    In this newsletter...

    • Editorial: Paving the way for 2015 onwards
    • South Sudan: ACTED fully mobilised since the beginning of the crisis
    • Iraq: The Syrian refugee crisis in Iraq
    • Philippines: Two months on, basic needs are still dire
    • Jordan: Za’atari: wealth of skill and talent
    • Lebanon: Syrian children kept from basic education because of language barrier
    • Yemen: Combating malnutrition
    • Horn of Africa: Diversifying livelihoods to reduce risks
    • Sri Lanka: The sweet taste of success
    • Myanmar: New shelters improve camp residents’ living conditions

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Senegal
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    Highlights

    • 63,323 children were estimated to suffer of Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) in 2013, as well as 255,675 with Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM)
    • The target for admission of children with SAM was raised from 38,968 to 42,843 in April, after evidence of worse-than-expected food security emerged
    • 21,849 SAM admissions were reported so far in 2013 out of 42,843 children targeted, representing reports from less than half the nutritional facilities
    • 941 health centers in eleven regions integrated the management of acute malnutrition in 2013, an increase of 400
    • 591 nutrition facilities had the WASH minimum package by the end of 2013, scaled up from 154 at the end of 2012
    • UNICEF supported revision of the National Guidelines for the Management of Acute Malnutrition which were validated on 16 July 2013
    • UNICEF Senegal’s emergency program was 75% funded in 2013

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    Source: Government of the United States of America
    Country: Mali
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    ABSTRACT

    The people of Mali are among the roughly 1 billion worldwide who suffer from food insecurity.
    In 2010, just over 50 percent of the country’s population lived on less than $1.25 per day, and 27 percent of the children under five years of age were underweight. The causes of food security in Mali are intertwined, and include poverty, inadequate supply and political instability. Poverty is especially severe in rural areas, where 80 percent of the population is not earning enough money, or growing enough food, to meet their basic caloric needs on a consistent basis (USAID 2010).
    The country also suffers from a food supply deficit in terms of national production and trade, inadequate storage to reduce losses and insufficient transport to make food available where needed. Food security problems are compounded in Mali by political instability, which disrupts food distribution channels and cuts off access. The Malian military overthrew the democraticallyelected government in March of 2012. Separatist and Islamic fundamentalist groups controlled the entire northern half of the country and continued their advance until the French military intervened in early 2013. From 2007 to 2012, the Millennium Challenge Corporation supported a major effort to address these causes of food security. The Government of Mali, with MCC financial and technical assistance, implemented the Alatona Irrigation Project in a remote area of the Ségou region of central Mali. The integrated agricultural development project prepared almost 5,000 hectares of irrigated land, allocated the land to farmers and provided them with startup inputs as well as agricultural and financial training. This article describes how key questions about the project’s land allocation activity that relate to food security were addressed and implemented.
    Section I provides a short description of the project. Section II examines the land activity. Section III discusses the results and what was learned vis-à-vis food security.


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    Source: Inter Press Service
    Country: Mali

    BAMAKO, Jan 31 2014 (IPS) - In her traditional orange headdress, Agaichetou Toure sits quietly in a waiting room in Kalaban-Koura, a popular neighbourhood on the outskirts of Mali’s capital Bamako.

    It’s taken Toure almost two years to register as an internally displaced person (IDP) because until now she did not know that centres for this existed or that they provided aid for people like her. It was while running errands that she heard a crowd speaking about a new centre that had opened. So she came.

    Toure fled Gao, the capital of Mali’s south-eastern Gao Region, the day after Islamists entered and took control of the city in March 2012. Along with her three children, she boarded a canoe and crossed the Niger River as the sound of rifle fire rung out in the background.

    Her two older children crossed into neighbouring Niger and took refuge with an aunt. Toure and her eight-year-old daughter boarded a bus and travelled for four days to reach Bamako, about 1,200 kilometres south of Gao, to take refuge with her brother.

    Difficult Living Conditions

    Almost two years later, their living conditions remain difficult as they stay with Toure’s brother, his two wives and eight children in his two-bedroom home. The sleeping arrangements aren’t any better. Each night, depending on which wife her brother sleeps with, Toure has to sleep in a different bedroom.

    “I am stuck in Bamako. I don’t like it. But I have to [stay],” says the 42-year-old who is one of eight women waiting to be registered at this IDP centre. Toure’s home city of Gao was targeted by rocket attacks last week.

    It has been a year since this West African nation’s government took back control of its north, and six months after peaceful elections were held here.

    In January 2012, a Tuareg rebellion triggered a series of events that lead to the fall of almost two-thirds of Mali’s territory. The Tuareg rebels were soon ousted by Islamist movements, several of which are linked to Al Qaeda. But military intervention from French, and later African, troops, liberated the north in January 2013 and led to elections here in July of that year.

    But hundreds of thousands of displaced persons and refugees have still not returned to their homes.

    The International Organisation for Migration (IOM) in Mali says that, as of January, there are 217,811 displaced persons, mostly in the southern part of the country and in Bamako. It is a reduction from the 353,455 IDPs recorded in June 2013. In addition, about 167,000 refugees remain in camps in neighbouring countries.

    In a spartan, but brand new office in Kalaban-Koura, Mahamane Allassa Assofaré sees about 20 IDPs a day who wish to be registered. This office is one of the five centres run by the Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED) in collaboration with the IOM.

    Assofaré documents the story of each IDP who comes through the doors. It’s the first step in helping them receive aid, basic services, professional training, cash transfers and maternal care.

    “They face a lot of problems. The cost of living is much more expensive in Bamako than where they are from. There are issues with health, food, housing,” Assofaré tells IPS while handing a questionnaire to an IDP.

    IOM estimates that around 57 percent of the 353,455 IDPs registered in June 2013 have now returned to their homes, 78 percent of whom say that the improved security situation motivated their return.

    Niamoye Alidji is an IDP whom IPS met two years ago. She was one of the first people to return to her home in Timbuktu, a town on the list of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation’s (UNESCO) world heritage sites, in northern Mali. And she is happy that she did.

    “People are slowly coming back. Shops are reopening. School is starting. In Timbuktu, things are getting much better. We are safe,” she tells IPS over the phone.

    There’s Nothing To Go Back To

    If Timbuktu has been pacified, several regions are far from secure. The city of Gao was targeted by rocket attacks last week. This week, it was the turn of Kidal, a city in northern Mali. In those areas, the security situation still remains fragile.

    “Our position is that we do not encourage massive returns,” Olivier Beer, from the U.N. Refugee Agency (UNHCR), tells IPS. “Safety does not explain it all.”

    He says that the humanitarian conditions of the refugees and the absence of state facilities are reasons not to support mass repatriation.

    Almahady Cisse from Cri de Coeur, a Malian collective that was created to support the victims of the humanitarian crisis in the north, agrees.

    “There is a lack of accompaniment measures. Many IDPs fear returning, especially civil servants, which delays state support. Few schools have reopened. There are still limited health facilities. Protection for locals is minimal. Basically, for now, populations are left by themselves,” Cisse tells IPS.

    Abdoulaye Haidara, 50, from a village close to Bourem, a town in Goa Region, has been living in Bamako for almost two years. He is reluctant to return home.

    “I talk to my family in Bourem. It seems better. I would like to go back, but there is nothing left there. Everything I had has disappeared. And I have no way of feeding my four kids there. It serves no purpose to go back,” he tells IPS.

    Assofané says that because of the lack of services and facilities in the north, many IDPs who went home after the violence, are returning to Bamako.

    “They lost everything in the pillage, and the economy is quite bad,” explains Assofané.

    And there remains a stream of newly displaced IDPs moving to Mali’s south.

    Situation is Fragile

    The IDP situation here is fragile.

    “We have done an in-depth investigation and the IDP situation has lead to a slow precariousness of host families,” Nicolas Robe, country director for ACTED, tells IPS.

    Several IDPs have moved in with their extended families, burdening many of these households. The situation is becoming unbearable for some and several households have reached out for aid.

    The IOM estimates that many IDPs will need food assistance to return home. About 800,000 people need immediate food assistance and about three million of the country’s 14.8 million people are at risk of lacking food in the next three months.

    It is no wonder that Cisse from Cri de Coeur believes it is a good thing that IDPs are not forced to return home.

    “A return should not be premature. Someone that has lost everything needs support. They need time to organise for the best return possible. And so far, we are still in this process.”


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe, South Sudan
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    Towards the end of the fourth quarter, CERF and its humanitarian partners were challenged by a series of large, complex crises, including three system-wide level-three (L3) emergencies. These crises, in countries including the Central African Republic (CAR), the Philippines, Syria and Yemen, have affected 35 million people who urgently needed emergency relief, protection and basic services. CERF was there to provide a lifeline.

    Thanks to the donor community’s continued generosity, the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) was able to allocate US$125.4 million from CERF in the fourth quarter, bringing CERF’s total allocations for 2013 to $482 million. CERF helped humanitarian partners to kick-start critical operations following sudden-onset emergencies, respond rapidly to deteriorating conditions in existing emergencies, and maintain relief work in countries where life-saving activities are severely underfunded.

    In December, donors reaffirmed their trust in CERF at the annual CERF High-Level Conference by pledging $404.6 million for 2014. This is an increase of 5.5 per cent compared to last year.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso, Uganda
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    Executive Summary

    Post-harvest food loss is one of the largest contributing factors to food insecurity in Africa, directly impacting the lives of millions of smallholder farming families every year. Although warnings have sounded regarding our global inability to feed a growing population by 2050, the answer does not solely and simply require an expansion of agricultural production. A sustainable solution to the threat of global food shortages will rely heavily on the preservation of existing food production; a reduced loss of food.
    Global food production, supply and consumption systems are not functioning to optimal efficiency, with food losses in sub-Saharan Africa alone exceeding 30 percent of total crop production and representing more than USD$4 billion in value every year (FAO, 2011). These annual food losses far exceed the total amount of international food aid provided to sub-Saharan African countries each year.

    Smallholder farmers manage approximately 500 million small farms and provide over 80 percent of the total food consumed in sub-Saharan Africa. The highest area of food losses reported are pre-farm gate where poor harvesting, drying, processing and storage of crops occur. Clear precedent exists from other developing regions where improved farm management practices and storage technologies have resulted in dramatic food loss reductions and helped farmers to overcome the continual cycle of poverty (created by pressure to sell crops quickly when prices are low to avoid losses, only to buy grain later in the season at higher prices to meet their family’s consumption requirements).

    Through this Special Operation, the World Food Programme (WFP) is committed to continue working with Governments, Partners and its substantial network of Purchase for Progress (P4P) Farmer Organisations to improve post-harvest systems at the farm level, the critical entry point to minimizing food loss at the start of the supply chain.

    WFP maintains the primary focus must be on preserving existing food production. A reduction in the current food losses not only equates to millions of tonnes of additional food being available for consumption annually, but achieves this without incurring the additional labour, materials, resources and biofuel expansion required with increased production.


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  • 01/31/14--13:58: World: CERF 2013 Summary
  • Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Australia, Bangladesh, Belgium, Burundi, Cameroon, Canada, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Denmark, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Germany, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Iraq, Ireland, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Marshall Islands, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Netherlands, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe, South Sudan
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    Member States and the private sector contributed $474 million to CERF for 2013—the highest-ever annual total. An additional $6.7 million was pledged and remains outstanding.

    CERF received more than $502 million in contributions during 2013, including payments for 2012 and early funding for 2014. See table on the right for more details.

    In 2013, the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC) allocated a record $482 million from CERF for life-saving humanitarian activities in 45 countries and territories. More than $307 million of that amount was allocated for humanitarian activities in new or rapidly deteriorating crises through CERF’s rapid response window and $175 million was allocated to sustain aid operations in neglected crises through the Fund’s underfunded emergencies window.

    The ERC also approved a $27 million loan for the World Food Programme for Syria and neighbouring countries.

    More than 81 per cent of CERF funding went to humanitarian partners responding to complex emergencies, and 19 per cent was allocated in response to natural disasters. In 2013, CERF was crucial in supporting coordinated humanitarian action and strengthened leadership in nearly every major emergency worldwide. A detailed overview of 2013 CERF allocations is available overleaf.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso, Uganda
    preview


    Executive Summary

    Post-harvest food loss is one of the largest contributing factors to food insecurity in Africa, directly impacting the lives of millions of smallholder farming families every year. Although warnings have sounded regarding our global inability to feed a growing population by 2050, the answer does not solely and simply require an expansion of agricultural production. A sustainable solution to the threat of global food shortages will rely heavily on the preservation of existing food production; a reduced loss of food.
    Global food production, supply and consumption systems are not functioning to optimal efficiency, with food losses in sub-Saharan Africa alone exceeding 30 percent of total crop production and representing more than USD$4 billion in value every year (FAO, 2011). These annual food losses far exceed the total amount of international food aid provided to sub-Saharan African countries each year.

    Smallholder farmers manage approximately 500 million small farms and provide over 80 percent of the total food consumed in sub-Saharan Africa. The highest area of food losses reported are pre-farm gate where poor harvesting, drying, processing and storage of crops occur. Clear precedent exists from other developing regions where improved farm management practices and storage technologies have resulted in dramatic food loss reductions and helped farmers to overcome the continual cycle of poverty (created by pressure to sell crops quickly when prices are low to avoid losses, only to buy grain later in the season at higher prices to meet their family’s consumption requirements).

    Through this Special Operation, the World Food Programme (WFP) is committed to continue working with Governments, Partners and its substantial network of Purchase for Progress (P4P) Farmer Organisations to improve post-harvest systems at the farm level, the critical entry point to minimizing food loss at the start of the supply chain.

    WFP maintains the primary focus must be on preserving existing food production. A reduction in the current food losses not only equates to millions of tonnes of additional food being available for consumption annually, but achieves this without incurring the additional labour, materials, resources and biofuel expansion required with increased production.


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    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Chad, Sudan
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    Period covered by this Ops Update: June to December, 2013. This update represents a six-month summary of the operation (cumulative narrative and financial).

    Appeal target (current): CHF 885,092 ( 870,092 + 15,000 ERU)

    Appeal coverage:71%

    Appeal history:

    • Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF): CHF 252,24 2 was initially allocated from the Federation DREF to support the National Society to respond to the needs of affected population in terms of emergency latrines, water treatment, training of volunteers and sensitization campaigns on hygiene promotion

    • Emergency Appeal was launched on 26 June for CHF 1,489,072

    • Operation Update 1 was published on July 31, 2013

    • Operation Update 2 was published on August 5, 2013

    • A Revised Emergency appeal was launched on 11 December and saw the reduction of the budget from CHF 1,489,092 to 885,092 and extended the timeframe by one additional month until end of January 2014.

    • This six month operation update reports on progress and announces a further 2 month timeframe extension to accommodate delays caused by customs constraints .

    Summary:

    The conflict in Darfur, Sudan resulted in displacement of population into the Sila region of Chad in March 2013. The situation has affected a significant number of people (refugees and returnees as well). According to the last registration carried out by the UNHCR, there were 21,251 refugees sheltered in the Abgadam camp in the Sila region.

    The Red Cross of Chad deployed its volunteers from the early hours of the crisis to welcome and shelter the refugees in official sites proposed by the local authorities in Abgadam. The Red Cross of Chad collaborated with UNHCR and provided vehicles to transport returnees into more secure locations. Volunteers also supported UNHCR in the distribution of food and non-food items and in the pre-registration process.

    The funds released from the DREF allocation enabled the provision of tarpaulins, buckets, sleeping mats, and soaps for 1,280 families and construction of 300 emergency latrines. To support the operation, 31 volunteers were trained to provide support and three Regional Disaster Response Team members were deployed.

    The DREF operation was immediately followed by a six month emergency appeal to support 3,000 families through the distribution of tarpaulins, wood and construction tools, build community latrines in the camp and distribute non–items such as plastic mats, blankets, mosquito nets, kitchen sets and loincloths for refugees in the camp of Abgadam.

    Despite early response from donors to support the affected victims, logistical challenges hampered the implementation of planned activities in the field. The operational area is located near the border with Sudan, which is isolated during the rainy season between the month of June and September. The only means to access the area was through a helicopter made available by the UNHCR.

    Some of the NFIs procured at national level are currently stored in the buffer warehouse in the town of Abeche pending their dispatching in the field. But NFIs procured from Dubai such as tarpaulins and from neighbouring Cameroon s uch as mosquito nets, soaps, and water tanks have been blocked for almost two months by Chadian customs. In early December, the Chadian government issued a statement requesting from all aid agencies operating in the country to have a Tax Identification Number (Numero d’Identification fiscale in French) before clearing anything out from the customs. Despite having a state agreement with the Chadian government which exempts from all taxes, the IFRC country office was obliged to acquire the document. The obtainment of the document took more than one month and in mid January the IFRC country office was officially registered at the customs and could have the possibility to clear items out.

    The National Society has a bilateral agreement with UNHCR for service provision of distribution of food and non-food items, shelter materials, water and sanitation activities and warehousing. During the reporting, a total RDRTs member and one ERU logistics roster member were deployed and supported volunteers in the field throu gh training and coaching. Based on field monitoring and evaluation reports, conditions of affected persons have improved but gaps remain in different field such as water provision, sanitation, shelter and non food items.

    In mid December, the emergency appeal was revised to reflect a more realistic approach to focus on priority emergency activities based on available funds in the following areas (distribution of tarpaulins and tools) water (distribution of aqua tabs and hygiene promotion), sanitation (distribution of jerry cans and soaps), health (distribution of mosquito nets and health promotion). The revised emergency appeal aims to provide humanitarian assistance to 3,000 households located in the camp of Abgadam in the Sila region. Due to the logistics constraints with the remaining non-food items, this 6 months update does not present major changes in the activity progress since the update published in December.

    In order to finish activities within the operational timeframe, this six months operation update extends the operational timeframe by two months. The operation will therefore be completed 31 March 2014. A final report will be made available by 30 June 2014.


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