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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Mali

    BAMAKO – Une évaluation la sécurité alimentaire en situation d’urgence (EFSA), conduite conjointement par le Gouvernement du Mali, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’Alimentation et l’Agriculture (FAO), le Programme Alimentaire Mondial (PAM) et quinze autres partenaires révèle que, dans le Nord du Mali, 3 ménages sur 4 sont en situation d’insécurité alimentaire et comptent lourdement sur l’assistance alimentaire.

    Les populations les plus vulnérables au Nord du Mali, estimées à environ 1,3 millions, ont très peu de chance de se rétablir suite au récent conflit et à la crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle de l’année dernière causée par une pluviométrie insuffisante. Le retour des personnes déplacées internes et des réfugiés met une pression additionnelle sur les ressources, déjà limitées et le nombre de personnes ayant besoin d’une assistance alimentaire risque d’augmenter.

    L’épuisement du cheptel au cours des derniers mois a un impact sérieux sur les moyens d’existence de la population agro-pastorale. Les effets combinés de la crise alimentaire et de la situation sécuritaire ont laissé peu d’espace au rétablissement des populations. Bien que l’économie locale redémarre doucement dans le Nord et que les agences de sécurité alimentaire renforcent leur présence, de nombreux agriculteurs n’ont pas pu acheter de semences ni des engrais cette saison et continueront d’avoir besoin d’une assistance alimentaire.

    Afin de renforcer son opération dans le Nord jusqu’à la fin de la période de soudure, le PAM demande 67 millions de dollars américains afin de continuer de fournir une assistance alimentaire vitale aux populations extrêmement vulnérables du Nord-Mali, tout en répondant aux besoin nutritionnels des enfants ainsi que des femmes enceintes et allaitantes.

    La FAO demande 12 millions de dollars américains afin de protéger et rétablir les moyens d’existence des ménages vulnérables dans le Nord du pays. L’assistance fournie jusqu’à la fin de l’année comprendra en priorité la distribution d’intrants agricoles de qualité, de produits vétérinaires pour le cheptel et d’équipements de pêche pour 420 000 personnes vulnérables afin de leur permettre d’améliorer leur production agricole pour couvrir leurs besoins immédiats dès décembre 2013.

    Ces actions combinées vont aider le Gouvernement du Mali, la FAO et le PAM à sauver les vies et les moyens d’existence des populations du Nord du Mali en fournissant à la fois une assistance alimentaire et des moyens de production aux personnes les plus vulnérables des régions de Tombouctou, Gao, Kidal et Mopti.

    Une évaluation de la sécurité alimentaire en situation d’urgence pour le Sud du pays est actuellement en cours.

    A propos de la FAO

    Atteindre la sécurité alimentaire pour tous est au cœur des efforts de la FAO - veiller à ce que les êtres humains aient un accès régulier à une nourriture de bonne qualité qui leur permette de mener une vie saine et active. Le mandat de la FAO consiste à améliorer les niveaux de nutrition, la productivité agricole et la qualité de vie des populations rurales et contribuer à l’essor de l’économie mondiale.

    Pour plus d’information: www.fao.org - Suivez-nous sur Twitter @FAOemergencies

    FAO – Pour plus d’informations, merci de contacter:
    (adresse électronique: prénom.nom@FAO.org):
    Mme Fatouma Seid, Représentante de la FAO, Mali, Tel. +233 20 22 63 33
    Mr Jean Pierre Renson, Coordinateur principal des opérations, FAO/Mali, Tel. +233 20 22 65 76
    Mr Dominique Burgeon, Directeur de la Division des opérations d'urgence et de réhabilitation. FAO/Rome, Tel. +39 06570 53 803

    A propos du PAM

    Le PAM est la plus grande agence humanitaire au monde. Chaque année, le PAM nourrit, en moyenne, plus de 90 millions de personnes dans plus de 70 pays.

    Pour plus d’information: www.wfp.org - Suivez-nous sur Twitter @wfp_media

    PAM – Pour plus d’informations, merci de contacter:
    (adresse électronique: prénom.nom@WFP.org):
    Alexandre Brecher, PAM/Mali, Mob. +223 90 08 33 35
    Emilia Casella,PAM/Rome, Tel. +39 06 6513 3854, Mob. +39 347 9450634
    Elisabeth Byrs, PAM/Genève, Tel. +41 22 917 8564, Mob. +41 79 473 4570
    Bettina Luescher, WFP/New York, Tel. +1-646-5566909, Mob. +1-646-824111


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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Mali

    BAMAKO - An Emergency Food Security Assessment conducted jointly by the Government of Mali, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Food Programme (WFP), and 15 other partners shows that three out of four households living in northern regions of the country are food insecure and heavily reliant on food assistance.

    The most vulnerable people in northern Mali, estimated to number around 1.3 million, have had little chance to recover following the recent conflict and last year’s food and nutrition crisis as a result of erratic rains. As internally displaced people and refugees begin to return to their home communities, the limited resources will be further strained and the number of people requiring assistance is likely to increase.

    The depletion of livestock in the last few months is having a serious impact on the food security and livelihoods of the agro-pastoral population. The combined effects of the food crisis and the security situation have left little room for recovery. Although the local economy is slowly recovering in the north and food security agencies are strengthening their presence, many farmers have been unable to purchase seeds and fertilizers and continue to require food assistance.

    To scale up its operation in the north until the end of the lean season, WFP requires US$67 million in contributions to continue to provide vital food assistance to the most vulnerable population and respond to the nutritional needs of children, pregnant and lactating women.

    FAO requires US$12 million in contributions to protect and restore the livelihoods of vulnerable households in the northern part of the country. Assistance provided until the end of the year will primarily include the provision of agricultural quality inputs, veterinary inputs for livestock and fishing gear for 420 000 vulnerable people , enabling them to produce food as early as December 2013.

    These combined actions will help the Government of Mali, FAO and WFP to save lives and livelihoods by providing food assistance and agricultural productive means to the most vulnerable people in the northern regions of Timbuktu, Gao, Kidal and Mopti.

    An Emergency Food Security Assessment for the south of the country is currently being undertaken.

    About FAO

    Achieving food security for all is at the heart of FAO's efforts – to make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. Our mandate is to improve nutrition, increase agricultural productivity, raise the standard of living in rural populations and contribute to global economic growth.

    FAO - For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@FAO.org): Ms Fatouma Seid, FAO Representative, Mali, Tel. +233 20 22 63 33 Mr Jean Pierre Renson, Sr Operations Coordinator, FAO/Mali, Tel. +233 20 22 65 76 Mr Dominique Burgeon, Emergency Director, FAO/Rome, Tel. +39 06570 53 803

    Follow us on Twitter @FAOemergencies

    About WFP

    WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide. Last year, WFP reached more than 97 million people in 80 countries with food assistance.

    Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media

    WFP - For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org): Alexandre Brecher, WFP/Mali, Mob. +223 90 08 33 35 Emilia Casella, WFP/Rome, Tel. +39 06 6513 3854, Mob. +39 347 9450634 Elisabeth Byrs, WFP/Geneva, Tel. +41 22 917 8564, Mob. +41 79 473 4570 Bettina Luescher, WFP/New York, Tel. +1-646-5566909, Mob. +1-646-8241112


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, World Food Programme, Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria

    Des conditions agrométéorologiques favorables à une production agropastorale moyenne à bonne malgré une installation tardive des cultures

    Du 17 au 19 septembre 2013, s’est déroulée à Niamey au Niger, la concertation régionale du Dispositif régional de prévention et de gestion des crises alimentaires (PREGEC) au Sahel et en Afrique de l’Ouest sur les perspectives agricoles et alimentaires. Au sortir de cette concertation, les systèmes régionaux d’information sur la sécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle ont fait les constats suivants :

    La campagne agropastorale, marquée par une installation tardive des pluies, est caractérisée par une pluviométrie faible et irrégulière de mai a mi juillet. Une reprise significative de la pluviometrie a été observée à partir de mi juillet et s’est intensifiée au cours du mois d'août occasionnant par endroits des inondations. Globalement, les pluies recueilles ont été assez bien réparties dans le temps et dans l’espace depuis le mois d’août ceux de l’année passée exceptionnellement pluvieuse, ils sont supérieurs à la normale 1971-2000.


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bangladesh, Bolivia, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Lebanon, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Uganda, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe, South Sudan (Republic of)
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    Snapshot 16-23 September

    In Syria, heavy fighting continues, with air-strikes on opposition controlled areas in Damascus and on-going offensives in Aleppo, Rural Damascus, Idleb, Homs and Al-Hasakeh. This week, a series of clashes between extremist groups and battalions of the Free Syrian Army (FSA) took pace in several northern and eastern provinces, illustrating increasing friction between the different armed groups. On 18 September, ISIS seized the town of Azaz in Aleppo on the border with Turkey in the most violent clashes between extremists and mainstream units of the FSA since ISIS publically announced its operations in Syria in May.

    Monsoon rains worsened by Typhoon Usagi, locally known as Odette, pounded the Philippines for three consecutive days, causing floods and landslides that left 48,000 people affected and six people dead. Typhoon Usagi, reportedly the most powerful storm to hit the country this year, has moved north toward China on 23 September, but continues to exacerbate monsoon rains. In addition, the country is still struggling to resolve fighting in Zmboanga city, which has displaced up to 129,000 people since it began on 9 September.

    Mexico’s Gulf and Pacific coast has been hit by two tropical storms, which damaged 1.5 million homes in 22 out of 32 states, flooded cities and washed out roads. Preliminary numbers estimate that 1.2 million people have been affected of which 200,000 in the state of Guerrero.

    On 21 September, a group of heavily armed Al-Shabaab fighters attacked a shopping centre in the Kenyan capital Nairobi and were still holding 30 people hostage as the government forces launched a final assault on 23 September. So far, 175 people were wounded and the death toll is estimated at 62 but is expected to go up following the multiple firefights which have been taking place over the last three days.

    According to the 2013 Vulnerability Assessment Committee’s (MVAC) evaluation, which was released on 19 September some 1.46 million people in Malawi are food insecure. While this figure represents a drop of about 26% from the 1.97 million recorded in 2012, it is 57% above the five-year average.

    Last Updated: 23/09/2013 Next Update: 30/09/2013

    Global Emergency Overview web interface


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department
    Country: Mali

    Brussels, 13.9.2013
    C(2013) 5809 final

    THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

    Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

    Having regard to the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement signed in Cotonou on 23 June 20001, as first amended in Luxembourg on 25 June 20052 and as amended for the second time in Ouagadougou on 22 June 20103, and in particular Article 72 thereof,

    Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No 617/2007 of 14 May 2007 on the implementation of the 10th European Development Fund under the ACP-EC Partnership Agreement4, and in particular Articles 5.4 and 8 thereof;

    Whereas:

    (1) As the situation continues to evolve in Mali and the planning for the introduction of more transitional and LRRD (Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development) activities has become possible, a number of transitional activities have been identified to maintain basic services to those in need until the public authorities, with the support of development partners, have been able to fully restore access to water, primary health care, food security, employment opportunities and schooling.

    (2) Progress in implementing these transitional activities will be very important in encouraging the free and voluntary return of the internally displaced and refugees when security conditions permit this.

    (3) To reach populations in need, aid should be channelled through non-governmental organisations (NGOs) or international organisations including United Nations (UN) agencies. Therefore, the European Commission should implement the budget by direct centralised management or by joint management.

    (4) An assessment of the humanitarian situation leads to the conclusion that humanitarian aid actions should be financed by the European Union for a period of 12 months.

    (5) The use of the 10th European Development Fund is necessary as all the funds for ACP countries in the general budget are entirely allocated.

    (6) It is estimated that an amount of EUR 23 226 215 from Mali's allocation for unforeseen needs (B-envelope) of the 10th European Development Fund is necessary to provide humanitarian assistance to populations directly affected by the conflict. Although as a general rule actions funded by this Decision should be co-financed, the Authorising Officer, in accordance with Article 103.3 of the Financial Regulation applicable to the 10th EDF5, together with Article 277 of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1268/2012 of 29 October 2012 on the rules of application of Regulation No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union (hereinafter referred to as 'the Rules of Application'6), may agree to the full financing of actions;

    (7) The measures provided for in this Decision are in accordance with the opinion of the European Development Fund Committee set up by Article 8 of the Internal Agreement of 17 July 2006.


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department
    Country: Mali

    Bruxelles, le 13.9.2013
    C(2013) 5809 final

    LA COMMISSION EUROPÉENNE,

    vu le traité sur le fonctionnement de l'Union européenne, vu l'accord de partenariat ACP-CE, signé à Cotonou le 23 juin 20001, tel que modifié pour la première fois à Luxembourg le 25 juin 20052 et modifié pour la deuxième fois à Ouagadougou le 22 juin 20103, et notamment son article 72,

    vu le règlement (CE) n° 617/2007 du Conseil du 14 mai 2007 relatif à la mise en œuvre du 10e Fonds européen de développement dans le cadre de l'accord de partenariat ACP-CE4, et notamment son article 5, paragraphe 4, et son article 8,

    considérant ce qui suit:

    (1) Compte tenu de l'évolution de la situation au Mali et du fait qu'il est désormais possible de planifier la mise en place d'un plus grand nombre d'activités de transition et d'actions en matière de LARD (établissement d'un lien entre l'aide d'urgence, la réhabilitation et le développement), un certain nombre d'activités de transition ont été définies afin de continuer à assurer la fourniture de services de base aux personnes dans le besoin jusqu’à ce que les autorités publiques, avec le soutien de partenaires au développement, soient pleinement en mesure de rétablir l’accès à l’eau et aux soins de santé primaires, la sécurité alimentaire ainsi que les possibilités d’emploi et de scolarisation.

    (2) Les progrès dans la mise en œuvre de ces activités de transition seront très importants pour encourager le retour libre et volontaire des personnes déplacées à l'intérieur du pays et des réfugiés lorsque les conditions sur le plan de la sécurité le permettront.

    (3) Pour que l'aide parvienne aux populations en difficulté, il convient qu'elle soit acheminée par des organisations non gouvernementales (ONG) ou des organisations internationales, y compris les agences des Nations unies. La Commission européenne devrait donc exécuter le budget en gestion centralisée directe ou en gestion conjointe.

    (4) Il ressort d'une évaluation de la situation humanitaire que l'Union européenne devrait financer des actions d’aide humanitaire pendant une période de 12 mois.

    (5) Le recours au 10e Fonds européen de développement est nécessaire dans la mesure où tous les fonds prévus pour les pays ACP dans le budget général ont été entièrement alloués.

    (6) Il est estimé qu'un montant de 23 226 215 EUR, provenant des ressources du 10e Fonds européen de développement affectées au Mali en vue de la couverture de besoins imprévus (enveloppeB), est nécessaire pour fournir une assistance humanitaire aux populations directement touchées par le conflit. Même si, en règle générale, les actions financées par la présente décision devraient être cofinancées, l’ordonnateur peut en autoriser le financement intégral, conformément à l’article 103, paragraphe 3, du règlement financier applicable au 10e FED5, en liaison avec l'article277 du règlement délégué(UE)no1268/2012 de la Commission du 29octobre2012 relatif aux règles d’application du règlement(UE, Euratom) no 966/2012 du Parlement européen et du Conseil relatif aux règles financières applicables au budget général de l’Union (ci-après les «règles d’application»6).

    (7) Les mesures prévues par la présente décision sont conformes à l'avis du comité du Fonds européen de développement institué par l'article8 de l'accord interne du 17 juillet 2006,


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
    preview


    Overview

    • Introduction: Goudoubo was established on 18 October 2012 to cater for the refugees located in the former camps of Fererio, Gandafabou and Deou, who had to be re-located to Goudoubo in order to comply with international standards of being located more than 50 km from the border. The camp is one of three official sites and hosts 3,098 families of 10,642 individuals. Families at Goudoubo own approx. 2,000 domestic animals comprising goats, sheep, cattle and donkeys.

    • Geography and Implications: Goudoubo is located 17 km north-west of Dori, capital of the Sahel Region in the central province. Dori lies 270 km north of Ouagadougou, capital of Burkina Faso. An average of 30 Malian refugees continues to cross into Burkina Faso through Inabao and Markoye border points every month to arrive at Goudoubo.

    • Hosting Capacity: The camp has the assessed capacity to host 21,000 individuals. The Government has planned to relocate refugees to Tonga, 40 km west of Dori, should Goudoubo camp reach its assessed capacity.

    • Camp Management and Coordination: Goudoubo camp is coordinated by UNHCR, administered by the CONAREF and managed by IEDA-Relief, an implementing partner of UNHCR. IEDA Relief is also responsible for Community Services activities and ensures that the full participation of the refugees in camp life through camp committees.

    • Refugee Committees: Committees existing in the camp include the Executive Committee (10 members, 3 women); the Committee of Elders (8 members, 3 women); the Youth Committee (10 members, 5 women); the Distribution Committee (12 members, 4 women); the Health Committee (4 members, 2 women); the Nutrition and Food Security Committee (4 members, 2 women); the Hygiene and Sanitation Committee (6 members, 3 women); the Water Committee (6 members, no women); and the Shelter Committee (5 members, no women). All these committees have been trained by UNHCR and IEDA-Relief in principles of coordination and administration of camps; roles and responsibilities of each committee; UNHCR Code of Conduct and International Refugee Protection; as well as the importance of the principle of non-discrimination.

    • Health: in order to ensure that both the host population and the refugees have access to free and quality health care, UNHCR health partner Médecins du Monde-Spain has constructed two health centres (one in semi-durable material and a tent health center).

    • Nutrition: In Goudoubo camp, UNHCR continued to work on the reduction and prevention of MAM/SAM cases and responding to the high rates of GAM (24,5%). Routine activities by Save the Children include the distribution of individual ration cards as well as blanket feedings for 1,086 refugee children (0 to 59 months) eligible for this programme. Save the Children has also continued culinary demonstrations undertaken for all blocks of Goudoubo camp, with 2,475 participants (710 Women | 37 Men | 1,728 Children) undertaken by the refugees themselves. Additionally, UNICEF undertakes sensitizations on the importance of breast-feeding, the importance of the use of Vitamin A after giving birth among others. Additionally, outreach officers have also been active in the camps to locate the children who have not presented themselves to their regular nutrition check up.

    • Water and Sanitation: NGO Oxfam is implementing community-based water and sanitation activities with an Executive Water Committee (composed of 2 members) and an Executive Hygiene and Sanitation Committee (composed of 3 persons).

    • Education: NGO partner Plan Burkina ensures access to primary education for children in Goudoubo with the construction of 24 classrooms.

    • Income-Generating Activities: the NGO Terre des Hommes-Lausanne provides Income-Generating Activity grants to 222 women and 96 men in Goudoubo, Sag-nioniogo and Bobo-Dioulasso, which then develop activities in activities such as sewing, artisanal soap-making, preparation and selling of condiments, Touareg handicraft, leather, sculptures, clothing, forging, startcapital for small shops, preparation of beauty products, clothes, as well as for the sale of grains and livestock sale among others.

    • Child Protection: There are currently seven child-friendly spaces in Goudoubo where Plan Burkina provides educational activities for children of all ages.

    • Environment: UNHCR has a partnership with NGO OCADES, which is responsible for distributing firewood to refugees so that refugee women and girls will not be exposed to potential sexual based violence as well as reducing illegal cutting of firewood. With a partnership with Help-Germany, UNHCR has reforested 25 ha of land and recuperated 60 ha of degraded land in favour of the host community residing in and around the camps in the Sahel.

    • Civilian and Humanitarian Character of Camps: Security of Goudoubo camp is ensured by the presence of 12 security agents that have been trained by UNHCR in International Refugee Law and International Human Rights Law.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Malawi
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    Maize, rice, and cassava are the most important food commodities. Markets selected represent the entire geographic length of the country: two markets in each of the north, center, and south. In the north, Karonga is one of the most active markets in maize and rice and is influenced by informal cross-border trade with Tanzania. Mzimba is a major maize producing area in the northern region. Salima, in the center along the lake, is an important market where some of the fishing populations are almost entirely dependent on the market for staple cereals. Mitundu is a very busy peri-urban market in Lilongwe. In the south, the Lunzu market is the main supplier of food commodities such as maize and rice for Blantyre. The Bangula market in Nsanje district was chosen to represent the Lower Shire area, covering Chikwawa and Nsanje districts.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    23 septembre 2013 – La Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) a pris connaissance lundi d'allégations de mauvaise conduite portées la semaine dernière à l'encontre de certains de ses Casques bleus, notamment d'un cas d'abus sexuel.

    « Le Secrétaire général examine ce problème avec le plus grand sérieux et, conformément aux procédures en place, est en train de notifier les pays contributeurs de troupes », a déclaré son porte-parole Martin Nesirky à la mi-journée à New York.

    « Les pays contributeurs de troupes portent la responsabilité d'ouvrir une enquête et de veiller à prendre les mesures disciplinaires et judiciaires appropriées si les allégations s'avéraient fondées. »

    La MINUSMA a été établie par le Conseil de sécurité en avril 2013 avec une force de 12.600 hommes pour notamment soutenir le rétablissement de l'état de droit au Mali, après la fin de l'occupation du nord de ce pays par des islamistes radicaux, et mettre en place les conditions indispensables à l'acheminement de l'aide humanitaire et au retour des déplacés.

    Dans le cadre de ses opérations de maintien de la paix, l'ONU a une politique de tolérance zéro de longue date vis-à-vis des abus sexuels et autres actes de mauvaise conduite commis par ses personnels.

    L'incident signalé, a précisé M. Nesirky, se serait produit les 19 et 20 septembre à Gao, une ville du nord-est du pays. La Mission a immédiatement entrepris de déterminer les faits et réunir des éléments de preuve, tout en prêtant assistance à la victime déclarée.

    « La MINUSMA offrira tout le soutien nécessaire au pays contributeur de troupes concerné dans l'action qu'il jugera opportune en cas de vérification des allégations », a ajouté le porte-parole.

    « La Mission de l'ONU au Mali adhère au code de conduite le plus élevé possible pour tous ses personnels, militaires, policiers et civils. Le Secrétaire général a une politique de tolérance zéro pour toute forme d'abus et d'exploitation sexuels et fera tout son possible pour qu'une enquête rigoureuse soit ouverte et, le cas échéant, que des comptes soient rendus. »


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid department
    Country: Chad, Mali, Niger, Nigeria
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    Key messages

    • Food and nutrition crises are becoming more frequent in the Sahel region. Millions of people now face food insecurity and malnutrition on an almost permanent basis, regardless of whether harvests are good. To prevent the Sahel being hit by crisis year after year, much greater attention needs to be given to building the resilience of the most vulnerable population groups – for example, by making basic services available to mothers and their children during the first two years of their lives, or by ensuring that aid programmes prioritise assistance to the poorest people.

    • Increasing people’s resilience to future stresses and shocks has to be based on a thorough understanding of what makes them vulnerable so that aid can be better targeted and more effective.

    • Bridging the gap between humanitarian and development aid, and linking up with the efforts of affected governments is a precondition for ending the vicious cycle of nutrition crises in the Sahel. The European Commission has recently issued two new policy papers which will shape the EU's approach in this regard - one on Resilience in October 2012 and one on Nutrition in March 2013.

    • At the beginning of the 2013 ‘lean season’, the humanitarian situation is again critical in several areas of the Sahel despite a reportedly good harvest. Food prices continue to be high, insecurity in northern Mali and Nigeria persists, and crops in Nigeria, the region's granary, have been wiped out by floods.

    • Acute malnutrition rates continue to exceed critical levels throughout the region.
      Emergency assistance is needed to support public services as a measure of crisis response but also to promote durable solutions.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    In 2009, the town of Cinzana was perpetually on the brink of food insecurity. Communities were highly vulnerable to weather fluctuations, and farming was disorganized and disjointed, with people struggling to produce enough food to meet their day-to-day needs.

    Read the full story from UN OCHA.


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    Source: International Medical Corps
    Country: Mali

    International Medical Corps mobilized an emergency response in Mali in January 2013 after armed forces from the north began moving south, triggering French military intervention. As many as 4.2 million Malians are now in need of humanitarian assistance. International Medical Corps is working in the north of Mali, providing emergency health, nutrition and protection services to Malians affected by the conflict. Below are the stories of two people we reached with our health services.

    Man from Bougouni Village

    “I live in Bougouni Village and I have come to the health center to see the doctor. We are very grateful for the free medical care and medicine that is now available.

    During the occupation, this clinic was shut down and we had to walk long distances to see the doctor. The nearest place was 12.5 miles from my village. Now our health center has been rehabilitated; we have good doctors and nurses who listen to everyone. More than 20 of my family members have been able to use the health services here free of charge.

    I know why my family gets sick - it is because of the lack of clean drinking water. The only water source available to us is from the Niger River and that often brings with it disease and sickness. Also, the hot weather has a serious effect on the health of my community. Despite the hot weather and lack of shade, many people spend their days working in the fields.

    Many thanks to International Medical Corps and all the people that support them with money. They should keep on helping people in this remote rural area.

    Woman from Minthiri Village

    “I am from Minthiri, a village located 4.5 miles away from the health center.

    I am here today because my baby has been sick; the nurses said she is malnourished. They provided me with some special foods for her treatment and they are going to give me soap, tablets for water purification, jerry cans and a bucket for the storage of clean water.

    My neighbour came here last month because she did not know why her son was sick. We did not recognize that he was malnourished and we had never heard about the treatment for this. She came back to our village and told all the other mothers about the symptoms of malnutrition and what to look for in your children. I am very grateful for her knowledge.

    Since the health center has been rebuilt, we now know that there are people to take care of us. During the crisis, my family of 8 people used to go to Beregoungou, the only functioning health center. But that was expensive and dangerous because we required a boat cross the river.

    Today, I can just walk a little to reach our health center that I am very proud of. We are no longer spending money to get health care. My wish is that we recruit new health workers to treat people faster because there are a great many patients in this area.”


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali
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    Source: European Commission, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Gambia, Haiti, Madagascar, Mozambique

    Teaming up to provide two million people with better nutrition

    25 September 2013, Brussels/Rome - Less than two years before the deadline set to achieve international development goals, the European Union (EU) and FAO step up their efforts to reduce world hunger assisting two million people in six countries with agricultural development activities worth nearly €60 million.

    The funding comes from a €1 billion EU initiative that aims to foster speedier progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).

    "So close to the deadline, when there is still so much to do, this good investment in agriculture will enable FAO to increase its efforts to eradicate hunger and do even more to help countries halve the proportion of hungry people by 2015," said FAO’s Director-General José Graziano da Silva at a special event on the Millennium Development Goals during the UN General Assembly.

    "I find it unacceptable in the 21st century that some 870 million people are still going hungry and malnutrition is responsible for over 3 million child deaths annually. This funding underlines our commitment to stepping up our work on hunger and to meeting the MDGs", added EU Development Commissioner Andris Piebalgs.

    Under the so-called MDG-initiative, the EU and FAO focus on agricultural development involving smallholder farmers and their families, targeting two million people in six countries.

    The initiative strongly promotes partnerships with UN agencies, governments and civil society to ensure that key goals, including improved nutrition and the support for agricultural policies, can be attained.

    Agricultural development and better nutrition

    In Burundi, activities will focus on the production and processing of food stuffs, such as cassava and corn, as well as cash crops, including palm oil and tea. The four year €2.1 million operation will benefit an estimated 25 000 people.

    Promoting the production and marketing of staple crops, such as sorghum and millet, as well as vegetables and products from trees like the baobab, is at the heart of a three year €16 million programme in Burkina Faso, aiming to improve the livelihoods of over 500 000 people.

    In the Gambia, FAO and the EU will help farmers grow vegetables and develop their skills to sell them on the market. An estimated 70 000 people will benefit from the three year €4 million operation.

    Farmers in Haiti are being trained to increase their production of peanuts and fish under a three year €4 million programme involving some 12 000 people. They also learn how to set up small agribusinesses.

    A three year €12.5 million operation in Madagascar targeting 750 000 people aims to provide small famers with quality seeds of rice, coconut and sweet potatoes and help them in setting up a small business. It will also rehabilitate irrigation infrastructure and reduce post-harvest losses with better storage facilities.

    A five year, €19 million programme in Mozambique aims to increase agricultural production, help farmers get better access to markets and improve nutrition with an array of activities ranging from the provision of quality seeds and fertilizers to training in health, hygiene and nutritional practices.

    Bringing back agriculture

    The EU is one of FAO's most generous and steadfast donors. Recently, FAO honoured the EU for the "EU Food Facility", a €1 billion initiative in response to the food price crisis of 2008-2011, partly implemented together with FAO. The Facility helped improve the livelihoods of 59 million people in 50 countries.

    By promoting agriculture as a solution for the crisis, FAO's Director-General Graziano da Silva noted, the EU played an important role in bringing back agriculture and food security on top of the international development agenda as entry points for growth and development in many countries.

    The EU recently committed to spend as much as €3.5 billion between 2014-2020 on building long-term resilience among the most vulnerable, tackling the root causes of hunger and poverty and improving nutrition in some of the world's poorest countries.

    Contacts
    European Commission
    Alexandre Polack
    (+32) 2 299 06 77
    Alexandre.Polack@ec.europa.eu

    Maria Sanchez Aponte
    (+32) 2 298 10 35
    Maria.Sanchez-Aponte@ext.ec.europa.eu

    FAO
    Maarten Roest
    Media Relations (Rome)
    (+39) 06 570 56524
    (+ 39) 346 50 10 574
    maarten.roest@fao.org


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    Source: International Medical Corps
    Country: Mali

    International Medical Corps mobilized an emergency response in Mali in January 2013 after armed forces from the north began moving south, triggering French military intervention. As many as 4.2 million Malians are now in need of humanitarian assistance. International Medical Corps is working in the north of Mali, providing emergency health, nutrition and protection services to Malians affected by the conflict. Below, Ibrahim and Fadimata, who we reached with health services at our ECHO-funded Hamzakoma Community Health Center in the Timbuktu region, recount their stories.

    Ibrahim (Bougouni Village)

    “I live in Bougouni Village and I have come to the health center to see the doctor. We are very grateful for the free medical care and medicine that is now available.

    During the occupation, this clinic was shut down and we had to walk long distances to see the doctor. The nearest place was 12.5 miles from my village. Now our health center has been rehabilitated; we have good doctors and nurses who listen to everyone. More than 20 of my family members have been able to use the health services here free of charge.

    I know why my family gets sick - it is because of the lack of clean drinking water. The only water source available to us is from the Niger River and that often brings with it disease and sickness. Also, the hot weather has a serious effect on the health of my community. Despite the hot weather and lack of shade, many people spend their days working in the fields.

    Many thanks to International Medical Corps and all the people that support them with money. They should keep on helping people in this remote rural area."

    Fadimata (Minthiri Village)

    “I am from Minthiri, a village located 4.5 miles away from the health center.

    I am here today because my baby has been sick; the nurses said she is malnourished. They provided me with some special foods for her treatment and they are going to give me soap, tablets for water purification, jerry cans and a bucket for the storage of clean water.

    My neighbour came here last month because she did not know why her son was sick. We did not recognize that he was malnourished and we had never heard about the treatment for this. She came back to our village and told all the other mothers about the symptoms of malnutrition and what to look for in your children. I am very grateful for her knowledge.

    Since the health center has been rebuilt, we now know that there are people to take care of us. During the crisis, my family of 8 people used to go to Beregoungou, the only functioning health center. But that was expensive and dangerous because we required a boat cross the river.

    Today, I can just walk a little to reach our health center that I am very proud of. We are no longer spending money to get health care. My wish is that we recruit new health workers to treat people faster because there are a great many patients in this area.”


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    Source: Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali
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    RÉSUMÉ

    Du 18 au 28 mai 2013, l’INSTAT et le Ministère de la Santé en collaboration avec l’Unicef, le PAM et les autres partenaires du cluster nutrition (ONGs intervenant au Nord), a réalisé une enquête nutritionnelle et de mortalité rétrospective selon la méthodologie SMART dans les 4 districts de la région de Gao.

    Cette enquête qui s’inscrit dans le cadre du suivi régulier de la situation nutritionnelle dans la région de Gao, s’est déroulée en début de la période de soudure.

    Les objectifs de la dite enquête étaient :

    • Evaluer l’état nutritionnel des enfants de 0 à 59 mois (malnutrition aiguë, malnutrition chronique et insuffisance pondérale)

    • Estimer le taux brut de mortalité et le taux de mortalité chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans.

    Il s’agissait d’une enquête transversale basée sur un sondage en grappes à deux degrés, dont le calcul des tailles d’échantillon et le tirage des grappes étaient effectués à l’aide du logiciel ENA (version Delta de Novembre 2011). Au total 132 grappes ont été enquêtées et chaque grappe comptait 16 ménages . La sélection des ménages enquêtés dans les villages ou quartiers était ef fectuée par un tirage aléatoire systématique en appliquant un pas de sond age. Au sein de chaque ménage sélectionné tous les enfants âgés de 0 à 59 mois ont été enquêtés. Les principales données collectées et analysées comprenaient : le sexe, l’âge, le poids, la taille, les œdèmes, le périmètre brachial, les données de mortalité.


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    Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Country: Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mali, Mauritania, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, South Sudan (Republic of)
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     Some relief to dryness is expected across the Gulf of Guinea region during the end of September.

    1) A pronounced late start of seasonal rainfall in July has delayed planting by approximately one month and has reduced crop yields across many parts of Sudan. The onset of continuous seasonal rainfall during mid to late September now remains critical for several local areas that have planted late.

    2) Frequent and above-average rains over the past several weeks have resulted in large rainfall surpluses across far western West Africa. Locally heavy rains are again forecast across Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Sierra Leone, Senegal, The Gambia, Mali, and southern Mauritania during the upcoming outlook period. This could continue to exacerbate saturated ground conditions over many areas.

    3) Since June, an insufficient and poorly-distributed rainfall has led to large rainfall deficits across the Gulf of Guinea countries and has reduced maize yields in Ghana and southern Togo and in southwestern Nigeria. Although seasonal rainfall is expected to increase, below average rainfall totals have already been observed since the beginning of September. Average to locally heavy rainfall is forecast during the end of September, which is expected to relieve dryness. However, the return of heavy rainfall in the upper basin of the Niger River potentially may lead to downstream flooding in Nigeria.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo
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    FAITS SAILLANTS

     Il est estimé que 288 000 personnes se sont déplacées à l’intérieur et hors de la RCA depuis le début du conflit de décembre 2012

     Les prix mondiaux des denrées alimentaires ont baissé de 7 points par rapport à 2012, mais ils sont en hausse dans la région

     Menace d’une crise alimentaire en RCA où près de 40 pour cent de la population a besoin d'une aide alimentaire et environ 11 pour cent est vulnérable à une crise alimentaire

     Les inondations ont touché neuf pays de la région, affectant 378 395 personnes et poussant au moins 40 444 à se déplacer

     Il est estimé que depuis mai 690 personnes ont été tuées dans 35 attentats attribués à Boko Haram au Nigeria

     La malnutrition a atteint des niveaux d'urgence en Mauritanie, où dans la plupart des régions 12 pour cent des enfants de moins de cinq souffrent de malnutrition et un mauritanien sur quatre est en insécurité alimentaire


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: UN General Assembly
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Georgia, Kiribati, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Micronesia (Federated States of), Palau, Somalia, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Timor-Leste, South Sudan (Republic of)

    Speakers Deplore Syria Crisis, Warn against Neglecting Climate Impacts

    GA/11425

    Sixty-eighth General Assembly
    Plenary
    8th, 9th & 10th Meetings (AM, PM & Night)

    Deploring conflicts in Syria and elsewhere, world leaders highlighted the complementary relationship between peace and development today as the General Assembly entered the second day of its annual general debate.

    President Joseph Kabila Kabange of the Democratic Republic of the Congo said security remained the most important prerequisite for development, which would be “a hypothetical” without it. The Congolese Government was committed to managing natural resources, and had a project under way to produce 40,000 megawatts of electricity — enough to provide energy for half the people on the African continent.

    On the other hand, peace in Africa required development programmes that provided real responses to the uncertainty stemming from the poor global economic situation, said President Blaise Compaoré of Burkina Faso, emphasizing that his landlocked country sought to boost growth and ensure a better quality of life for its people. The theme of the current Assembly session — “The Post-2015 Development Agenda: Setting the Stage” — raised the issue of the relationship between development, peace and security, offering the opportunity to reflect on a new vision of global progress founded on strong international solidarity behind sustainable development.

    President Ricardo Martinelli Berrocal of Panama noted that the Millennium Development Goals had been instrumental in improving his people’s living conditions, and emphasized the critical and unique role played by the United Nations in coordinating the global conversation on development. The post-2015 development agenda must maintain a central focus on eradicating extreme poverty from the face of the Earth, he said, adding that “development that is not sustainable is simply not development”.

    Estonia’s President Toomas Hendrik Ilves declared that “the most unsustainable situation” in the world today was the conflict in Syria. The use of chemical weapons was unacceptable under any circumstances and required complete and unreserved condemnation, he stressed. The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) and the Security Council must agree on legally binding terms to resolve the issue, preferably under Chapter VII of the United Nations Charter. Even without the use of chemical weapons, military action and brutality in Syria had created a humanitarian disaster of unimaginable proportions.

    Herman Van Rompuy, President of the Council of the European Union, recalled the 2012 general debate, which had seen unity among States as they deplored the civil war in Syria, where 25,000 had died and 250,000 had been made refugees. A year later, 100,000 people were dead and there were 2 million refugees, he noted. “What will the situation be when we meet next year?” Prolonging the “paralysis of the international community” was untenable, particularly in light of the chemical weapons attack in Damascus. Despite the financial crisis, the European Union had launched five new missions — in Mali, South Sudan, the Sahel, on Libya’s borders and off the coast of Somalia, he said, adding that the bloc had also renewed the operational mandates for missions in Afghanistan, Georgia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

    Several of the more than 30 speakers taking the floor today spotlighted robust economic growth in Africa.

    President Macky Sall of Senegal said that declining official development assistance (ODA) was not meeting the needs of African countries, and the dynamics of progress were leading them to explore innovative financing mechanisms and social development projects. The continent was no longer “a zone of turmoil and humanitarian emergencies”, but “an emerging pole of opportunities and investments”, he said. “The world has changed; Africa too has changed,” he stressed, adding that a paradigm shift was required in terms of interactions with the region.

    In Côte d’Ivoire, President Alassane Ouattara noted, the pursuit of the Millennium Development Goals had been deadlocked, but thanks to its favourable economic performance, the country had started moving forward. The Government had adopted an ambitious national reconstruction plan for 2012-2015, with a view to creating 200,000 jobs a year, a considerable number given the country’s size. He stressed the need for international solidarity because many African nations were lagging behind in efforts to meet the Goals. Yet, they could now count on the high rate of economic growth in Africa, he added.

    Also featuring prominently in today’s debate was the detrimental impact of climate change on development, particularly for small island d eveloping States, and the need to better integrate that issue into the sustainable development goals.

    President Tommy Remengesau of Palau said the vision established at the 1992 Earth Summit had been sidetracked. Many countries were frustrated by the failure to move it forward, by slow progress, and by the fear that the Millennium Goals were being diluted. Today, it appeared that the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change had stalled, the Kyoto Protocol was on life support, and the Rio+20 Conference had not done enough to strengthen the three pillars of sustainable development. The international community’s “global warming doomsday” was already set in stone if it failed to act.

    “The scientists tell us that calamity awaits, and not just for those of us on low-lying islands,” President Anote Tong of Kiribati told the Assembly. “What we are experiencing now on these low-lying atolls is an early warning of what will happen further down the line,” he warned. “No one will be spared.” He welcomed the announcement of a high-level summit on climate change, to be held in 2014, stressing that support from all nations was critical for positive change.

    President Emanuel Mori of the Federated States of Micronesia recalled that, since the 1992 Rio Earth Summit, production and consumption patterns had become increasingly unsustainable, driven primarily by a desire to “develop economies at any cost”. Development and the natural environment were inseparable, and the latter had come under attack as societies strove for economic progress, he said, calling for the setting of sustainable development goals on healthy, productive oceans, and sustainable energy.

    Other speakers today included the Heads of State of Peru, Timor-Leste, Madagascar, Serbia, Chad, Rwanda, Poland, Swaziland, Georgia, El Salvador, Comoros and Bolivia.

    The Assembly also heard from the Prime Ministers of Ethiopia (on behalf of the African Union), Antigua and Barbuda, Fiji, Kuwait, Italy, Libya, Trinidad and Tobago (on behalf of the Caribbean Community), Spain and Tajikistan.

    Also delivering statements were the Foreign Ministers of Cameroon and Norway.

    The General Assembly will reconvene at 10 a.m. tomorrow, 26 September, to continue its general debate.


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