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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali


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    Source: Government of Nigeria
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    1.0 INTRODUCTION

    The North East region of Nigeria has suffered severe humanitarian crisis as a result of Boko Haram insurgency which broke out in 2009 and climaxed between 2013 and 2015. Insurgents occupation of communities and the destruction of houses, infrastructure and means of livelihood of the people has resulted in the drastic decline in socio-economic activities including farming, pastoralism, exchange of goods and services and social interaction amongst the populace – especially in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States. Formal education which is the prime target of Boko Haram Insurgents was virtually completely disrupted in the three States. Similarly, there is unprecedented displacement of persons from the North-East region to safer areas in frontline States of Bauchi, Gombe, Taraba and to several other states of the country including the FCT. This human displacement is depicted in the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Reports Rounds 2 to 7 of 2015.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Nigeria

    Maiduguri, 08 November, 2016 - The World Health Organization (WHO) and Borno state Ministry of Health are scaling-up Hard-to-Reach programme (HTR) with training of 36 health workers as part of teams to serve people in prioritized difficult to access areas in six local government areas (LGAs) in Borno State.

    According to Dr Abubakar Hassan, Permanent Secretary, Borno State Ministry of Health (SMoH), the 36 trained health workers will constitute six HTR teams and be deployed to Dikwa, Mafa, Kukawa, Gwoza, Mongunu and Ngala LGAs to provide primary care outreach services to 748,991 population in need (PiN) and 289,612 children under five years of age.

    “In a state faced with internal conflict and where access to internally displaced persons’(IDPs) and host communities is limited, ensuring that people have life-saving health services can be challenging,” Dr Hassan posited.

    He noted that the programme “will boost basic health service delivery for the communities in the face of shortage of health workers, most of whom fled for safety during the heat of crisis while others were either abducted or killed”, Dr Hassan added.

    The teams will be deployed to provide primary health care minimum service package that includes: routine immunization, deworming, vitamin A supplementation, nutrition screening and management of malnourished children, antenatal services and counselling for pregnant and nursing mothers on breastfeeding, care of sick children and key hygiene household practices, as well as treatment for minor illnesses and providing assistance for home-based delivery. The services will boost existing services currently provided by the HTR teams.

    WHO country office in Nigeria is supporting the Federal Ministry Health to address issues of health inequities in underserved, recently liberated communities of Borno where polio immunity is low and health needs high”, Dr Rex Mpazanje, the acting WHO Country Representative observed.

    He explained further that “though access for HTR teams is difficult and risky, the continued cooperation between the state ministry of health with the Civilian Joint Taskforce, the military, local communities, non-governmental organizations and United Nations agencies has made it possible to deliver essential health services to populations that are not reachable through fixed health services delivery points,”

    Furthermore, Dr Mpazanje added, “the biggest challenge that WHO and other partners face in supporting the SMoH to deliver life-saving health services throughout the state is that of insecurity but the organization and partners remain keen on ensuring that all people in north-eastern Nigeria are reached with basic integrated health services including vaccination.”

    HTR teams comprise six health workers trained to deliver outreach basic primary health care services to populations living in difficult to access areas or among the underserved populations. WHO has until now been supporting 18 HTR teams to provide outreach health services to internally displaced or host populations’ hard-to-reach locations five times per week. With this training, the number of HTR teams supported by WHO will now increase to 24.

    The HTR programme owes its success to strong commitment by the government of Borno state, and the strong partnership in existence with other health partners. The expansion of the project is in sync with objectives of WHO’s polio and humanitarian programmes of increasing vaccination coverage and saving lives in an acute humanitarian health emergency.


    For more information, please contact:

    Technical contact:

    Dr Mary Stephen; Tel: +234 803 639 1332; Email: stephenm@who.int

    Media contacts:

    Ms Charity Warigon; Tel: +234 810 221 0093; Email: warigonc@who.int

    Ms Pauline Ajello; Tel: +234 803 402 2388 Email: ajellopa@who.int


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Niger, Sudan

    Le magazine du HCR Tchad, Espace d'Asile au Tchad, est la vitrine des activités, décisions et politiques du gouvernement tchadien, du HCR et de leurs partenaires dans le cadre de la protection et de l’assistance des réfugiés et d’autres populations vulnérables. Il sera ainsi une plateforme pour un débat constructif entre tous les acteurs y compris les réfugiés et se fera l’écho des sujets relatifs aux populations relevant du mandat du HCR et de tous les acteurs œuvrant à trouver des solutions durables à leur situation.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Government of Nigeria
    Country: Nigeria

    The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is a current regional framework aimed to prevent food crisis by quickly identifying affected populations and proffering appropriate measures to improve their food and nutrition security. This analysis used the food and nutrition security outcome indicators corroborated by relevant contributing factors to identify the food and nutrition insecure areas within sixteen northern states of Nigeria.

    Three of the sixteen states (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe) have been severely affected by insurgency. Four states (Gombe, Kaduna, Plateau and Taraba) also have some population impacted by communal conflict; while the remaining nine states have been affected by adverse climatic conditions.

    The food consumption status across the sixteen states indicates stressed situation in Gombe, Jigawa, Kano, Katsina, and Taraba; crisis situation in Kaduna, Kebbi and Yobe; and an emergency situation in Borno. In the other states, food consumption status reflects a minimal situation.

    Livelihoods in Bauchi, Gombe, Jigawa, Katsina and Zamfara are stressed, while livelihoods in Adamawa, Niger, Plateau, Taraba and Yobe are in the crisis phase. Households in these affected states have adopted severe coping strategies. Despite the humanitarian assistance in Borno state, livelihoods remain in an emergency phase.

    The prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) is within the crisis/emergency threshold in Borno, Katsina, Kebbi, Sokoto, Yobe and Zamfara states; and within stressed threshold in Benue, Niger, Plateau and Taraba states.

    Staple food and cash crops production is below average in Borno, Plateau and Yobe states. Major shocks in the states include conflict, flood, dry spells and pests. Food availability will increase during October to December as the harvest peaks and is expected to decline towards the lean season. Pastoral resources such as pasture and water for livestock will be available for a limited period.

    The prices of staple food crops across the states are extremely high due to inflationary pressure in the economy. Food prices are expected to continue increasing in coming months. Households are facing challenges in accessing staple food due to their reduced purchasing power.

    The analysis indicated that most households in the North West and North Central zones have food stocks that may last only 4 – 5 months, while food stocks in the North East are very limited.

    The CH analysis also identified that over 100,000 and 5,000 populations in Borno and Yobe states respectively may experience famine (CH Phase 5) in June – August 2017, even though no area was classified at that level. Thus, the food security situation of populations in Borno and Yobe states will deteriorate if urgent interventions are not put in place to alleviate the situation.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • The Diffa region continues to be affected by the ongoing crisis in northeast Nigeria. A significant resumption of attacks from Boko Haram was observed in September, including armed attacks and lootings of villages, roadside IEDs and armed ambushes against national and multinational forces. As a result of a major attack on Toumour, hosting over 5,000 displaced households, massive displacement of populations was reported towards the towns of Kitchendi (more than 500 households) and Nguigmi (more than 400 households).

    • Two nutritional surveys (SMART method) were carried out in September: one national survey in collaboration with the Insitut National de la Statistique (INS), and one rapid survey coupled with IYCF assessment in 8 major displacement sites in the Diffa region. The national global acute malnutrition (GAM) rate is estimated to be 10.3%, including 1.9% of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 8.4% of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). This rate is decreasing compared to the rates from 2010 until 2015. The GAM rates are considerably higher in the regions of Agadez (12.9%) and Maradi (10.3%), in comparison to Niamey (8.2%) and Dosso (7.4%). However, the rapid survey conducted in 8 major displacement sites revealed a GAM rate of 13.6 % and a SAM rate of 2.4%, above the alert threshold defined by WHO (GAM>10%, SAM>2%).

    • The first 2 rounds (out of 5 planned) of a sub-regional vaccination campaign for wild polio virus (WPV) took place: From 3 to 6 September, 1,536,046 under-5 children were reached in the Diffa and Zinder regions; From 17 to 20 September, another 2,773,272 under-5 children were vaccinated in the regions of Diffa, Maradi and Zinder.

    • In September 2016, UNICEF provided 517 NFI kits to flood-affected communities in Dakoro department, Maradi region, in collaboration with authorities, bringing the overall support for the current flood season to 3,907 NFI kits. The support allowed the community to settle in new shelters and move out of the primary school which had been the only refuge for them after the floods. In In-Gall department, Agadez region, 15 wells affected by the floods are being rehabilitated.

    Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs

    A number of simultaneous crises continue to have a major impact on the humanitarian situation in Niger in 2016. These include displacement caused by insecurity and increased attacks from Boko Haram (affecting particularly the Diffa region), measles outbreaks (Tahoua region), food insecurity and spikes in malnutrition (Agadez, Maradi, and Zinder regions), and natural disasters (regions of Maradi, Agadez, and Tahoua).

    The Diffa region currently hosts nearly 303,000 displaced people (IDPs, refugees and returnees), including over 184,000 children, as a result of the ongoing conflict in northeast Nigeria. Community tensions have been observed in the region due to increasing competition over land and resources between pastoralists and crop farmers, and between host and displaced communities. A significant resumption of attacks was observed in September in Diffa, including armed attacks and lootings of villages, roadside improvised explosive devices (IEDs) and armed ambushes against national and multinational forces. As a result of a major attack on Toumour, hosting over 5,000 displaced households, a massive displacement of populations was reported towards the towns of Kitchendi (more than 500 households) and Nguigmi (more than 400 households).


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    Highlights

    • WFP has a 6-month net funding requirement of USD 17.1 million for both the PRRO and CP. Without urgent funding, WFP will be forced to cut rations or total assistance.

    • Without further funding, UNHAS will have to stop its service from end of January 2017 onwards.

    • According to the September 2016 market analysis and weekly price monitoring, the introduction of cash transfers in Mberra refugee camp did not have a direct impact on key commodity prices in the Hodh El Chargui region. The same trend was observed in October.

    Operational Updates

    On 6 October, the country office organised a workshop with its partners to present and discuss the 2017 strategy for WFP operations in Mauritania. This 2017 strategy aims to enhance the quality, efficiency and impact of WFP operations by addressing recommendations from the 2011-2015 Country Portfolio Evaluation, from donors, monitoring and expert missions and WFP operations funding trends. Participants supported WFP’s strategy and their inputs were reflected in the ongoing budget revisions.


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    Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
    Country: South Sudan

    WFP and FAO warn of impending famine in South Sudan. It is estimated that between 3.7 and 4 million people (more than a third of the total estimated population) are currently severely food insecure. This is a one million increase compared to the same period last year.

    The Equatoria region, traditionally the bread basket of South Sudan, has been severely hit by the recent escalation of conflict with around 50% of the anticipated main harvest lost. With the ongoing conflict, planting for next season is already disrupted and it is expected that the food security situation will continue to deteriorate creating large-scale humanitarian needs. The September Integrated Phase Classification (IPC) report is still under Government review and has not been released.

    1.25 million people have sought refuge in neighbouring countries following the spread of conflict and increasing food insecurity. More than 500 000 refugees having fled in 2016 alone. Capacities to host and provide for these refugees in the neighbouring countries has been severely stretched. UNHCR has appealed for humanitarian funding and for the response to be scaled up.

    South Sudan is currently facing five simultaneous disease outbreaks including malaria, measles, cholera, guinea worm and kala azar. However, epidemiological reporting is very poor in the country with only approx. 40% of health facilities reporting regularly. More than 1.9 million people have contracted malaria, making 2016 the worst year on record, while the cholera outbreak has now reached more than 3 000 confirmed cases. The re-emergence of guinea worm after several years of decline is also of significant concern.


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    Source: European Commission's Directorate-General for European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan

    AMOUNT: EUR 70 800 000

    The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities).
    The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO1's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document. This HIP covers the Central African Republic (CAR), Chad and Cameroon. It may also respond to sudden or slow-onset new emergencies in Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tomé and Principe, if important unmet humanitarian needs emerge, given the vulnerabilities of these countries.

    MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

    Third modification as of 25/08/2016

    At present, some 20 % of the population of the Central African Republic is still displaced, either internally or in the neighbouring countries. The situation of displaced populations remains dire and requires a solid response and engagement of the international community at a critical moment of the transition phase. Over the past few months, return of IDPs has slowly begun in several areas of the country. Special attention must be placed to this return process as areas of return are generally deprived of basic services and need support to accommodate returnees in appropriate conditions and without too many tensions within resident communities.

    Land conflicts linked to secondary occupations are an increasing source of concern.
    Protection of populations continues to be a priority as well as fostering coexistence dynamics at the level of inter and intra communities. Besides, returnees and local populations are highly exposed to the risk of acute food insecurity and Severe Acute Malnutrition.

    The consequences of the CAR conflict in Cameroon are still very tangible more than two years after the arrival of the refugees from CAR. Currently in Eastern Cameroon there are around 158 500 refugees from CAR who arrived since January 2014. Most of the refugees still rely entirely on humanitarian assistance to cover their basic needs. However, the level of funding dedicated to the provision of humanitarian assistance for the CAR refugees is insufficient to ensure a proper coverage of existing needs, due to competing humanitarian priorities in the country.

    Support is critically required to address the humanitarian needs of CAR refugees while contributing to strengthen their self-reliance and reduce their dependence on humanitarian aid. It will also prevent them from a premature return to their country of origin, which may put their lives at risk.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Senegal

    Highlights

     The Country Director took part in a workshop in Kolda on the Integrated Programme for Health, Education and Nutrition (PISEN), with country representatives of FAO, UNICEF and UNESCO.

     A mission of the WFP Centre of Excellence against Hunger took place in Senegal at the end of the month. The mission’s objective was to follow up with the country office (CO) on the support that is given to the Government in the framework of the transition towards a nationally owned home-grown school feeding programme.

    Operational Updates

     Nutrition: Distribution are still ongoing for blanket supplementary feeding and 21,000 children have been assisted in Linguère and Podor in the month of October.

     Targeted Food Assistance: The third and last distributions for targeted food assistance were implemented in Matam and Podor departments. A total of 44,380 people were assisted in October, of which 24,917 people were in Podor and 19,463 in Matam.

     School meals: The CO is planning school meals assistance for the 2016-2017 school year. Initially 210,000 students were to benefit from schools meals in 2017 but due to insufficient funds only 43 percent (90,000 students) will be supported by the programme in 470 primary schools.

     Resilience and Rural Development: WFP supported the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Equipment and FAO in organizing the 36th World Food Day (WFD). The topic of the 2016 WFD was: “Climate is changing; food and agriculture must too”. WFP participated in one of the scientific panels to present the R4 initiative, and in particular agricultural index insurance as one of the mitigation and adaptation strategies for climate change and food security.

     Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping: A food security monitoring system assessment was implemented with the Government in 15 livelihoods zones throughout the country. Data analysis is ongoing, and results will inform the Cadre harmonisé at the basis of the government response plan for 2017 humanitarian assistance.

     Gender: The CO participated in a 3-day regional workshop which took place in Dakar to strengthen the capacities of the members of the Gender Results Network (GRN) in order to realize the objectives of the 2015-2020 Gender policy.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Nigeria, United States of America

    WASHINGTON - The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) announced today that it is dispatching a Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) to Nigeria to support Government of Nigeria-led efforts to reduce food insecurity in the Boko Haram-affected regions of the country's northeast.

    "The U.S. Government is deeply concerned about the humanitarian crisis in northeast Nigeria and the surrounding region. Approximately 9.2 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance," said Administrator Smith. "With the announcement of the DART, we are acting swiftly to accelerate and expand our humanitarian response in partnership with the Nigerian government, UN agencies and NGOs. We ask that other donors join the United States and do more, and do it quickly."

    Since 2015, the U.S. government has been the largest donor for the humanitarian response in the region, providing more than $366 million for life-saving assistance. USAID's response includes emergency food assistance, nutrition activities, safe drinking water, improved access to hygiene and sanitation, health services, and emergency shelter materials.

    USAID is promoting an increasingly proactive monitoring approach to quickly report on the alarming conditions in newly accessible parts of northeastern Nigeria. As part of this effort, the USAID-funded Famine Early Warning Network (FEWS NET) released the results of a nutrition survey on October 21 that indicated that 20 to 50 percent of children screened over the past six months were acutely malnourished.


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    Source: World Bank, UN Development Programme
    Country: Bangladesh, Benin, Burkina Faso, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, El Salvador, Ghana, Indonesia, Kyrgyzstan, Lao People's Democratic Republic (the), Nepal, Niger, Pakistan, Philippines, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen

    New Report ‘Transitioning from the MDGs to the SDGs’ Calls for Collaboration to ‘Deliver as One’*

    New York, November 10 — UNDP and the World Bank Group released its new report “Transitioning from the MDGs to the SDGs” today, coinciding with the UN System Chief Executives Board for Coordination's (CEB) Second Regular Session of 2016. The session brings together United Nations System Principals to enhance UN system-wide coherence and coordination on a broad range of issues of global concern. The launch of the report is timely as the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development has set the vision for the next 14 years of global action.

    “The 2030 Agenda is recognized as a transformative, universal and integrated agenda. Implementation should not create 17 new silos around the Sustainable Development Goals,” recommends the new report.

    The report pulls together the main lessons from the Millennium Development Goals Reviews by the UN System and World Bank Group for their engagement at the country level. These reviews took place at meetings of the UN CEB from 2013 to 2015.

    According to UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the CEB Reviews were “unprecedented – a truly integrated system-wide endeavour, championed jointly by World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim and United Nations Development Programme Administrator Helen Clark”.

    The report concludes, “it is time to more systematically consider the ‘how’ of the integration at the country level and draw on the comparative advantages of the UN system’s diverse areas of expertise, how to work collaboratively and deliver together, and how to work on the continuum from the normative to the operational as a comprehensive and coherent UN effort.”

    UNDP Administrator Helen Clark stated, “To leave no one behind, strong engagement with local communities and civil society is required. This should include investments in the empowerment of women and girls, sustainable energy for all, and the sustainable use and conservation of biodiversity.” She further added, “Achieving sustainable development is helped by having humanitarian and development actors working closely together.”

    “The World Bank Group and the United Nations have a shared vision of a world free of extreme poverty by 2030,” said World Bank Group President Jim Yong Kim. “To meet our ambitious goals, World Bank Group and UN staff must collaborate effectively with our country partners, use our comparative advantages, and remove bottlenecks that impede delivery. This report has shown that, together, we can achieve better results for people and the planet.”

    “The MDG acceleration exercise not only delivered results on the MDG targets, it also provided lessons that are directly applicable to our work on the Sustainable Development Goals and the World Bank Group’s own twin goals to end poverty and boost shared prosperity. We know that to achieve those ambitious and interrelated targets at scale, World Bank Group and UN staff have to be flexible, share knowledge, and focus on measurable results,” stated Mahmoud Mohieldin, World Bank Group Senior Vice President for the 2030 Development Agenda, United Nations Relations, and Partnerships.

    “The CEB reviews were the highest level of analysis the United Nation’s leadership devoted to advocating the need to work across silos, and work across the Millennium Development Goals to tackle off-track MDG targets, with an implicit aim to learn lessons for what was to come: a more integrated sustainable development horizon called the SDGs. There is a shared understanding that investing in solutions within a sector was often not sufficient to meet a particular MDG target,” said Magdy Martínez-Solimán, UN Assistant Secretary General and Director of UNDP’s Bureau for Policy and Programme Support.

    Simona Petrova, Acting Secretary of the CEB and Director of the CEB Secretariat, United Nations recalled, “the MDG Reviews showed that significant development gains were possible when the UN system really came together in support of countries. A hallmark of the Reviews was the high level of coordination and cooperation between the UN Country Teams and the World Bank Group offices. To help meet the ambition of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, achieving this degree of collaboration ought to be the goal in all countries from the very beginning of the SDG implementation period.”

    The new report draws attention to the three main conclusions that need to be applied to the transition to the 2030 Agenda, such as: a) Support cross-institutional collaboration between the UN and the World Bank Group; b) Advance better understanding of cross-sectoral work, and the interrelatedness of goals and targets; and c) Promote global and high-level advocacy.

    The report discusses 16 countries and the Pacific Island sub-region— an exercise that brought together the UN and the World Bank Group, which systemically identified the country situation, the bottlenecks to attainment of the MDGs, and potential solutions to be implemented. Since many MDGs have been absorbed into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), many of the observations and solutions provided are expected to prove useful to implementation of the SDGs.

    MEDIA CONTACTS

    In New York, UNDP
    Sangita Khadka
    Tel : +1 212-906-5043
    sangita.khadka@undp.org

    In Washington, WBG
    Mike Kelleher
    Tel : +1 202-473-4440
    mkelleher1@worldbank.org


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    Source: World Health Organization, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme, UN Children's Fund, Oxfam, Government of Chad, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Chad

    I. Contexte et justification

    Faisant suite à l’alerte des autorités régionales du Mandoul annonçant des inondations dans au moins trois village et sur la base du rapport d’évaluation Comité Régional d’Action (CRA) du 9 août 2016, une mission d’évaluation conjointe a été diligenté à cet effet. Le rapport du CRA fait état de 379 hectares de champs détruits par les eaux, ainsi qu’une quarantaine habitations écroulée. Au total, 408 ménages soit 3776 personnes dans trois villages riverains du fleuve Mandoul (Kemkada, Behongo et Kotkouli) sont touchés. En effet la pluviométrie enregistrée pendant les mois de Juin et Juillet 2016 est le double de celles des cinq dernières années avec un cumul 229,5 mmcontre 400,6 mmcette année (source : Système d’Information sur la Sécurité Alimentaire). Au cas où de fortes pluies frappent à nouveau la région, le bras du fleuve pourrait déborder et quinze autres villages riverains seraient à leur tour exposés. Sous la coordination de OCHA, une équipe multisectorielle s’est constituée à l’effet de faire une descente exploratrice, visant principalement à faire l’état des lieux de la situation alimentaires des populations sinistrées et d’évaluer les différents aspects connexes à savoir la santé/nutrition, l’eau hygiène et assainissement, les abris et la protection. Se sont associés à l’équipe humanitaire (PAM, FAO, OMS, OXFAM, UNICEF, OCHA), les services déconcentrés de l’Etat concernés (délégation de l’agriculture et de l’environnement, l’élevage, l’action sociale, l’ONDR et le SISAAP). L’ultime objectif étant d’évaluer les capacités réelles ou potentielles, de prévention et/ou de riposte en cas de survenue des risques liées aux flambée épidémiques, à l’insécurité alimentaire, et enfin d’estimer les aires d’abris sécurisées en cas de persistance de la pluviométrie et des inondations.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, United States of America

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • USAID Administrator Smith announces deployment of a DART for Nigeria

    • IOM identifies more than 1.8 million IDPs in northeastern Nigeria

    • Relief actors plan to vaccinate up to 41 million people against polio

    • Insecurity continues to limit humanitarian access to populations in need of assistance in the Lake Chad Basin region

    KEY DEVELOPMENTS

    • The Boko Haram insurgency and ongoing insecurity continue to negatively impact people across the Lake Chad Basin region, which comprises parts of Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria. The conflict has generated widespread population displacement, exacerbated food insecurity and acute malnutrition prevalence, and resulted in an estimated 9.2 million people requiring humanitarian assistance, primarily in northeastern Nigeria.

    • Relief actors estimate that conflict in the Lake Chad Basin will likely result in deteriorating food security conditions through at least mid-2017, particularly affecting vulnerable and displaced populations in northeastern Nigeria’s Borno State, Cameroon’s Far North Region, Chad’s Lac Region, and Niger’s Diffa Region.

    • Between August and October, USAID/OFDA partner the International Organization for Migration (IOM) reported a moderate decrease in internally displaced persons (IDPs) sheltering in northeastern Nigeria, primarily due to population returns to areas of origin in Adamawa and Yobe states. As of late October, more than 1.8 million IDPs were sheltering in northeastern Nigeria, including nearly 1.4 million IDPs in conflict-affected Borno. More than 80 percent of IDPs in Nigeria depend on host community support, straining infrastructure and resources in an already economically vulnerable region.

    • On November 10, USAID Administrator Gayle Smith announced the activation of a USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (DART) to lead the U.S. Government (USG) response to the humanitarian crisis in northeastern Nigeria. In coordination with the Government of Nigeria (GoN), the DART is coordinating USG emergency response activities—including the provision of emergency food, nutrition, health, protection, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) assistance—to address the urgent needs of conflict-affected households in the region.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burundi, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, South Sudan, Sudan

    HIGHLIGHTS

    32,021 Eucalyptus tree seedlings raised by refugees in Maban

    24,089 Refugees and IDPs received material assistance from UNHCR across South Sudan

    13,952 Refugee and IDP women and girls received sanitary material across South Sudan

    516 Refugees, IDPs and host communities involved in various protection training from UNHCR

    Population of concern
    A total of 1.73 million IDPs
    A total of 260,453 refugees

    Refugees by country of origin
    Country Total
    Sudan 239,528
    DRC 14,476
    Ethiopia 4,567
    Central African Republic 1,854
    Other nationalities 26
    Total 260,453

    Funding

    USD 275,668,213 Requested for comprehensive needs in 2016

    USD 131,249,542 Needed for top priority activities in 2016


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    Source: Government of Niger, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, REACH Initiative
    Country: Niger


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    Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
    Country: South Sudan


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Beginning of the food vouchers distribution in the south of Chad
    • 10,022 Birth Certificates delivered to Chadian returnees from CAR since January 2016
    • JAM results: chronic malnutrition and anemia remain high in refugee camps

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