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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | jeudi 12/05/2016 - 19:24 GMT

    La Cour constitutionnelle a rejeté la demande d'annulation de la loi sur la création d'autorités intérimaires dans le nord du Mali présentée par l'opposition, a indiqué celle-ci dans une déclaration à l'AFP jeudi.

    "Nous avons pris acte de la décision de la Cour constitutionnelle du rejet de notre demande d'annulation de la nouvelle loi portant Code des collectivités territoriales", a déclaré à l'AFP Djiguiba Kéita, l'un des porte-parole de l'opposition, se refusant à tout autre commentaire.

    La loi votée le 31 mars par le Parlement modifie le Code des collectivités territoriales afin de permettre la création, dans les cinq régions du nord du pays, des administrations intérimaires prévues par l'accord de paix signé en mai-juin 2015.

    Composées de représentants de l'Etat, des groupes armés pro-gouvernementaux et de l'ex-rébellion, elles auront pour mission de gérer pendant une période transitoire de six mois les régions administratives du Nord. Elles devaient en principe être instituées dans les trois mois suivant la signature de l'accord de paix.

    Dans son recours, l'opposition dénonçait la violation de principes constitutionnels et l'absence de motivation d'un acte administratif.

    Contrairement à ce qu'affirme l'opposition, la Cour constitutionnelle a considéré, dans un communiqué, qu'il n'y avait pas eu "violation du principe constitutionnel de la libre administration des collectivités territoriales". Elle a rappelé également que la loi incriminée participait de l'application de l'accord de paix.

    Elle s'est par ailleurs déclarée incompétente pour se prononcer sur "la régularité d’un acte administratif" et a jugé "sans fondement" d'autres griefs formulés par l'opposition.

    En visite au Mali au début du mois, le chef des opérations de maintien de la paix de l'ONU, Hervé Ladsous, a pressé les parties d'accélérer l'application de l'accord de paix, signé il y a bientôt un an.

    "Comme dans deux semaines à peine ce sera le premier anniversaire de cette signature, je crois qu'il est important d'avancer sur un maximum de points possibles", avait-il déclaré le 2 mai. "Il faut montrer aux populations et aux différents acteurs qu'il se passe des choses" sur le terrain, avait-il insisté.

    Le nord du Mali était tombé en mars-avril 2012 sous la coupe de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda, après la déroute de l'armée face à la rébellion à dominante touareg, d'abord alliée à ces groupes qui l'ont ensuite évincée.

    Les jihadistes ont été en grande partie chassés par une intervention militaire internationale, lancée en janvier 2013 à l'initiative de la France, qui se poursuit actuellement. Mais des zones entières échappent encore au contrôle des forces maliennes et étrangères, malgré la signature de l'accord de paix, censé isoler définitivement les jihadistes.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    The humanitarian response to meet the increasing needs of displaced people in camps and host communities must be strengthened. Without urgent action ahead of the coming lean season (June – August), the food security and nutrition situation could become dire.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    Despite the effort by the Nigerian Government to end the Boko Haram conflict in the North East, the group still poses security threat in some areas of the region. Since January 2016, 155 incidents involving Boko Haram have been reported, leading to the displacement of 124,393 persons as per the Displacement Tracking Matrix, Round IX (DTM)


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Sudan Tribune
    Country: China, South Sudan

    May 11, 2016 (JUBA) - Community leaders in the newly created Gogrial state of former Warrap state - home to President Salva Kiir - have protested the alleged diversion of humanitarian assistance by the government of China to the government of the republic of South Sudan to help vulnerable groups in the country.

    The assistance was part of 10,000 bags of rice which the Chinese government had donated to the government of South Sudan to help the vulnerable groups in the war torn nation.

    Officials say the national government made the distribution that gives each state 1000 bags of rice to be given to the vulnerable groups.

    However, officials from South Sudan Relief and Rehabilitation commission, a relief wing of the government under the overall administrative supervision of the ministry of humanitarian affairs and disaster management, charged that governor Abraham Gum Makuac and his deputy, Santino Akot Abiem, took upon themselves to distribute the items among them instead of giving it to the targeted group.

    “We are dismayed and feeling ashamed that the governor and his deputy decided with no shame and sympathy of the situation the vulnerable groups, especially the internally displaced persons, the elderly and widows are going through during this hunger period, to distribute among themselves 1000 bags of rice which was donated by the government of China to the government of South Sudan to help the vulnerable group,” the statement extended to Sudan Tribune on Tuesday reads in part.

    Governor Gum, according to the release, took 75 bags, his deputy Akot Abiem 60 bags and state ministers and members of parliament closed to them 5 bags.

    13 County commissioners were given 20 bags each, it said.

    The world’s youngest nation has been dependent on relief assistance from the international community in many affected areas in the country.

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    Source: Viet Nam News
    Country: Viet Nam

    Update: May, 13/2016 - 09:20

    HÀ NỘI — The Việt Nam Fatherland Front (VFF) Central Committee, local VFF units and their member organisations decided to set aside VNĐ50.8 billion (US$2.3 million) to support provinces affected by prolonged droughts, saline intrusion and mass fish deaths.

    The fund was announced at a regular meeting of the VFF Central Committee and local chapters yesterday.

    The VFF Central Committee will grant a package of VNĐ7.5 billion ($340,000) to nine provinces suffering from severe drought and salinity in the Mekong Delta.

    Accordingly, Bến Tre, Sóc Trăng, Tiền Giang, Cà Mau, Trà Vinh and Bạc Liêu provinces will be given VNĐ1 billion ($45,000) each. Kon Tum, Ninh Thuận and Bình Thuận will receive VNĐ500 million ($22,500) each.

    Four central provinces, Hà Tĩnh, Quảng Bình, Quảng Trị and Thừa Thiên-Huế, will be given VNĐ4 billion ($180,000) to compensate for huge losses from fish die-offs.

    Local VFF units in Hà Nội, HCM City, Điện Biên and Đà Nẵng will give nearly VNĐ40 billion ($1.8 million) to affected provinces.

    A text-message campaign titled “Fresh water and livelihood for people affected by drought and salt intrusion”, organised by the Việt Nam Red Cross Society (VNRC) and the HCM City-based Tuổi Trẻ (Youth) newspaper, has mobilised more than VNĐ25 billion ($1.13 million), nearlyVNĐ14 billion ($630,000) of which is sourced from international support.

    Aside from short-term subsidies such as rice and water, participants at the meeting proposed long-term solutions.

    The most practical idea was to call on commercial banks to help disaster-hit residents borrow loans under preferential policies so they could invest in drought-resistant plants, said Nguyễn Thị Tuyết, deputy president of the Việt Nam Women’s Union.

    Trần Thị Hồng An, deputy president of the Việt Nam Red Cross Society, proposed providing clean water containers to drought-affected residents and helping fishermen suffering from huge fish losses buy health insurance.

    A representative from Việt Nam Farmer’s Union expressed concerns about the fact that local farmers are leaving their hometowns to go to other regions to get jobs.

    A subsidy of VNĐ200,000 ($9) to VNĐ300,000 ($13) given to each household in the Central Highlands was not enough and only helped them afford a meal, the representative told Vietnam News Agency. Models that could be used to save water should be encouraged as a more long-term solution.

    Nguyễn Thiện Nhân,VFF Central Committee president, said he acknowledged and appreciated support from VFF chapters, adding that the support must stabilise residents’ lives by enabling them to buy health insurance and educate their children.

    Local VFF chapters and member organisations must ensure that at least 10 per cent of households in the Mekong Delta are provided containers to store water under VFF supervision, he said. — VNS


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    The security situation in south-eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to a growing number of attacks by Boko Haram. Since the first Boko Haram attack on the Nigerien territory in February 2015 to date, several other incursions have been reported in the region. These attacks have caused the internal displacement of thousands of people. As a consequence, the humanitarian needs in the region have increased, in a context characterized by limited resources for an adequate response and by localized access challenges.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger


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    Source: US Institute of Peace
    Country: Nigeria

    In the shadow of global headlines about ISIS and the Middle East, Nigeria’s government has pushed another of the world’s deadliest conflicts into a new phase. For months, Nigerian troops have been recapturing territory from the Boko Haram militant group, with support from the United States, which has sent special operations forces as advisors to help. But Nigeria’s crises, and any solutions, run wider and deeper than Boko Haram, according to U.S. Institute of Peace Program Officer Oge Onubogu.

    The military successes of recent months raise the immediate stakes for Nigeria’s ability to stabilize the regions it has recovered, lest new rounds of violence erupt, says Onubogu, who oversees USIP programs in Nigeria. She discusses the Institute’s work with civil society, and with Nigeria’s powerful state governors, to build a more reliable path toward peace in Africa’s most populous nation.

    You have said that the root causes of the conflict are deeper and more complex than are generally discussed—and that Boko Haram is more a symptom than a cause of the real problem. If that’s the case, what’s really driving the Nigeria conflict?

    The root causes of the conflict are broad, but mostly centered on the fact that a lot of citizens feel excluded, politically or economically. Inequality is rising and people are frustrated with governance, especially over corruption. All this has created widespread frustration and alienation that has been fertile soil for groups such as Boko Haram.

    In the north and in what Nigeria calls the “Middle Belt,” people depend heavily on the land. But climate change and drought have accelerated desertification. This has pushed nomadic herding peoples and farmers into worsened conflicts over how to share arable lands. And while poverty by itself does not lead to violent extremism such as that of Boko Haram, it contributes to the problem. Unemployment is massive, and poverty in the north for decades has been the deepest in the country.

    The overwhelming narrative in the media suggests that Nigeria has a single conflict—religious extremists of Boko Haram against the state. This oversimplifies a complex situation. There are local conflicts, including those over land, and others between—or within—the main religious groups. And there are other identity conflicts.

    Institutions of the state have been unable to respond to these local conflicts or the economic inequalities or the corruption—and that gave the space and context for Boko Haram to emerge. Boko Haram is a symptom of the root problem, not its cause. In fact, when Boko Haram first arose, it won initial support from some communities simply because people thought it might promise a measure of positive change and development.

    If Boko Haram is not the cause of Nigeria’s violence, you’ve said, its elimination will not be the solution. What is the solution for Nigeria, then?

    Yes, peace will not come simply with an elimination of Boko Haram. Nigeria needs a broad, national response—one that joins government and citizens — to restore governance in a way that meets the populations’ needs, especially for security and economic livelihoods.

    To take an immediate problem as an example, the Nigerian military is recovering territories from Boko Haram, but we still have more than 2 million internally displaced people who don’t feel safe going home until they know that the underlying local conflicts can be resolved peacefully and their own security can be assured. In some of these communities, mostly in Borno state, the military works with local vigilante groups that are loosely connected in a Civilian Joint Task Force. These groups are considered by some in Nigeria as a genuine civilian response to the conflict, but they also at times have operated with little oversight and have harmed civilians.

    Rebuilding effective governance will mean restoring security, maybe in part by integrating local forces into the official security structures, with the necessary vetting and training. Or those forces would have to be disarmed and returned to their previous livelihoods. Comparatively, uprooting Boko Haram is easier than settling local conflicts for the long term, ensuring justice and rebuilding state structures that will have to follow.

    Can you give some examples of the complexities you’re talking about?

    Sure. Violence has intensified from the farmer- nomadic herder conflicts, for example, and those clashes reportedly have killed thousands. Inaccurate local media reporting may also be pushing an unhelpful narrative about the conflict, and that could exacerbate existing ethnic prejudices. It also distracts everyone from the underlying causes.

    You also have longstanding religious differences within the Shia Muslim community that have led to violent challenges to the state,. We saw an outbreak of that violence in December in the city of Zaria, in which the military opened fire and there was a substantial loss of life. That incident has only heightened concerns about the human rights record of Nigeria’s military in addressing the country’s security challenges.

    In the end, Boko Haram is not unique, and it’s not just a northern Nigeria problem. Nigeria needs a truly national strategy for restoring state structures so they are seen as legitimate and meet people’s needs. This is what USIP is working to support.

    Describe that last part. What is USIP doing in Nigeria?

    USIP works in several areas. Most recently, we worked with a Nigerian think tank, the Center for Democracy and Development - West Africa, to bring together civic leaders, academic scholars, policy professionals, business leaders and others in Abuja, the capital, to meet and clarify these complex, local drivers of Nigeria’s conflicts.

    Looking ahead, we hope to develop this into two complementary initiatives. One is with the state governors, who are a powerful, critical layer of government authority in Nigeria—and the other is with civic leaders, non-government figures whose voices too often go unheard but who are essential to building a solution that will be effective. Nigeria needs these voices to be joined to build a consensus upon which society and government can work together.

    Concretely, how is this likely to come about?

    We hope to see our Nigerian partners develop an influential senior working group of these civic leaders who can foster a shared understanding about the crises and develop recommendations to resolve them. This group would have the kind of influence to push these recommendations into action.

    A critical partner group for these senior civic figures will be the state governors. USIP convened a Northern Nigerian Governors’ Symposium, inviting 19 governors, in 2014. The governors are powerful, and they’re critical in responding to concerns raised by citizens. As the military pushes back Boko Haram, the governors will be essential to ensuring that stabilization follows, and that displaced people can feel safe in returning home.

    We plan to work with the Nigeria Governors’ Forum, which can help shape policy. Along with the federal government and President Buhari, the governors will have to find a consensus about how to rebuild despite the severe economic pressures facing the country. For Nigeria’s future, an essential dialogue will be between these powerful governors and civic leadership that can be represented by this senior working group. We hope to see that engagement lead to the kind of broad-based, nationwide approach to resolving the crisis in the north. It’s critical not just for Nigeria, of course, but for Africa and the rest of us.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    CONTEXT

    Since the declaration of the state of emergency in the northern states of Nigeria (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe) in May 2013, Niger has been facing unprecedented humanitarian challenges, especially in the Diffa region, hosting thousands of Nigerian refugees, returned Nigeriens and nationals of neighbouring countries.

    In addition, attacks by armed groups on the Niger territory starting from February 2015 led to internal displacements. Most people who fled insecurity in Nigeria and internally displaced people are in a vulnerable situation. This aggravates the already fragile livelihoods conditions of the host communities. Important humanitarian needs are identified in the following areas: food, health care, nutrition, education, acces to water, sanitation and hygiene, shelter and non food items as well as protection.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    In Niger, poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks -droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices -are among the key causes of vulnerability.

    Insecurity in Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacement of people to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks in Diffa since February 2015. The number of people in need of humanitarian assistance in 2016 is 2 million, and 316 million of funding is required.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Regional Highlights - Boko Haram gunmen continue to carry out attacks on civilian and military targets despite the ramped up military operations. Security remains volatile in many conflict-affected areas, complicating humanitarian access to those in need.

    • In Niger, Boko Haram attacks have increased since January. Intensified military offensives from the regional multinational force and troops from the Lake Chad Basin countries have forced the gunmen to retreat to the border areas between Niger and Nigeria where they attack villages that have little or no military presence.

    • Food insecurity and malnutrition are on the rise. Without interventions an estimated 67,000 children aged 6-59 months with severe acute malnutrition are likely to die in 2016 in Nigeria’s north-eastern Borno and Yobe states. This translates to 184 deaths every day.

    • The number of children used by Boko Haram as suicide bombers has risen tenfold in one year. More than 75 per cent of them are girls. Forty-four children were involved in suicide bombings in 2015, up from four the previous year.

    • US Ambassador to the UN, Samantha Power, announced nearly US$40 million in new humanitarian assistance to those affected by Boko Haram violence. Power made the announcement during a visit to Cameroon, Chad and Nigeria on 16 - 23 April.

    • The presidents of Cameroon and Nigeria have agreed that a tripartite meeting of the two countries and UNHCR to agree on a framework for the safe return of Nigerian refugees in Cameroon be held in July in Abuja.

    Humanitarian Priorities

    Population movement

     In Chad, rapid assessments are ongoing to register the displaced. More than 106,000 people have been displaced in the Lac region since May 2015, according to an update on 19 April.

     The current lull in attacks in Chad has allowed aid agencies to reach most of the internally displaced persons (IDPs). The most recent security incidents caused no civilian casualties. However the security situation remains volatile and unpredictable.

     The authorities in Niger have ordered the evacuation of seven villages along the Komadougou River on the border with Nigeria due to increasing military operations. Markets have also been closed and more people are expected to move to urban centres.

    Protection

     The number of children used by Boko Haram as suicide bombers has risen tenfold in one year. More than 75 per cent of them are girls, according to a report by UNICEF released on 12 April. Forty-four children were involved in suicide bombings in 2015, up from four the previous year. Between January 2014 and February 2016, Cameroon recorded the highest number of suicide attacks involving children at 21, followed by Nigeria with 17 and Chad with 2. Over the past two years, nearly one in five suicide bombers was a child.

     In Nigeria, the displaced continue to be exposed to protection risks, in particular those amongst the most vulnerable who have specific needs such as the elderly, child-headed households, women, boys and girls and those with disabilities. Women report sexual and gender-based violence when fleeing the armed conflict.

     In just one year, the number of displaced children increased by over 60 per cent, from 800,000 to 1.3 million children, according to UNICEF.

     In Cameroon, Nigerian refugees in the Minawao Camp continue to be arrested due to suspected links with Boko Haram, and a climate of distrust towards IDPs, refugees and minorities is developing.

    Food Insecurity

     Across the conflict-hit regions of the Lake Chad Basin some three million people are already food insecure. Many more are expected to face hunger as the lean season progresses. Already in certain areas, the lean season has begun earlier than usual, while in others thousands of families are in need of immediate assistance.

     According to a joint UN multi-sectoral assessment conducted in April, 2.3 million people are severely food insecure in Borno and Yobe states. Of the total, 800,000 people - 550,000 in Borno and 250,000 in Yobe - need to be prioritized for immediate urgent food assistance.

     Given the onset of the lean season and rainy season, nutrition outcomes are expected to worsen and food prices will increase as roads become impassable.

     An estimated 486,000 children in Borno and 242,000 children in Yobe are suffering from Global Acute Malnutrition.

     Some 73,000 children under two years of age in these communities need to urgently receive ready-to-use supplementary specialized nutritious foods. Food supplements for 27,000 pregnant and lactating mothers are also recommended.

     Without interventions an estimated 67,000 children aged 6 - 59 months with severe acute malnutrition are likely to die in Borno and Yobe states in 2016. This translates to 184 deaths every day.

     In Niger’s Diffa region, 159,620 are food insecure. Humanitarian assistance and security operations in the region could stabilize the levels of food insecurity.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    An overlooked crisis

    The violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin has continuously deteriorated over the last two years. Boko Haram raids and suicide bombings targeting civilians are causing widespread trauma, preventing people from accessing essential services and destroying vital infrastructure.

    Around 21 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad countries. The number of displaced people in the most affected areas has risen in one year from 1.6 million to 2.4 million. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition in the affected region have rapidly deteriorated

    Recent developments

    Food insecurity is deepening in the conflict-hit regions. In Nigeria’s Borno and Yobe states, around 800,000 people are in need of immediate food assistance, according to a recent joint UN assessment which also found that without intervention, some 67,000 children aged between 6 - 59 months with severe acute malnutrition are likely to die in Borno and Yobe. This translates to 184 deaths every day. As the lean season progresses many more people are expected to face food shortages. In some areas, the lean season has begun earlier than usual due to the effects of the conflict and poor harvests from 2015.
    Meanwhile, a lull in attacks in Chad has eased humanitarian access. But in Niger, Boko Haram-linked raids have been on the rise since January. Vulnerable populations continue to face protection risks: the number of children used by Boko Haram rose tenfold between 2014 and 2015; those fleeing violence report sexual and gender-based violence; and Nigerian refugees in Cameroon continue to face arrests on suspicion of links with Boko Haram.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 5/13/2016 - 11:32 GMT

    by Phil HAZLEWOOD

    Nigeria hosts a security summit Saturday on ending the threat from Boko Haram, with increasing signs of closer military cooperation between regional powers and international support.

    French President Francois Hollande, US Deputy Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Britain's top diplomat Philip Hammond are among the senior foreign dignitaries expected in Abuja.

    The leaders of Nigeria's neighbours Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger are also invited, along with delegations from the European Union and the West African and Central African blocs.

    Nigeria said this week "the successful conclusion of ongoing military operations" and "the speedy resolution of the humanitarian crises" would dominate the talks.

    Boko Haram was named in the latest Global Terrorism Index as "the most deadly terrorist group in the world" in 2014. An estimated 20,000 people have been killed since 2009.

    But Nigeria's military maintains its fight-back since early 2015 has the Islamists in disarray and recently announced the launch of operations inside the rebels' Sambisa Forest stronghold.

    "The idea is to be able to announce (at the summit)... that this sanctuary no longer exists," a source close to Chadian President Idriss Deby told AFP earlier this month.

    "That is a military and also a political imperative."

    Yet there are mounting concerns for the future of more than 2.6 million people displaced by the violence, with many living in host communities or camps and affected by chronic food shortages.

    Borno -- the Nigerian state worst-hit by the violence -- last month said there was a "food crisis" and it needed $5.9 billion (5.1 billion euros) to rebuild shattered homes and infrastructure.

    - Regional force -

    The election of former military ruler Muhammadu Buhari as Nigeria's president has given fresh impetus to the military counter-insurgency.

    Buhari, who last December said the militants were "technically" defeated despite repeated suicide attacks, has pushed hard for a new regional force, which was supposed to have deployed last July.

    The status of the African Union-backed force, comprising some 8,500 troops from Nigeria, Benin, Cameroon, Chad and Niger, is likely to figure prominently in Saturday's talks.

    Plugging gaps and improving coordination between armies operating largely independently is seen as vital, with Boko Haram now thought to be in remote border areas on and around Lake Chad.

    The Multi-National Joint Task Force commander, General Lamidi Adeosun, has requested flat-bottomed boats to help soldiers fight on Lake Chad, where Nigeria borders Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

    Boko Haram has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group and Nigerians have been reported fighting in lawless Libya, as well as having ties with Al-Qaeda-linked groups in the wider Sahel.

    The International Crisis Group has warned about premature declarations of victory and suggested Boko Haram could yet transform into a "terror group with a longer reach".

    The summit -- two years after the first one in Paris -- should go beyond closer military support to address causes of the conflict, its effects and prevent similar, future threats, it added.

    - International support -

    Recent weeks have seen indications of greater Western support for Nigeria and a flurry of diplomatic visits.

    Nigeria has struggled under previous administrations to acquire military hardware because of concerns about its army's poor human rights record as well as endemic corruption in procurement.

    US officials said last week Washington was considering selling Nigeria a dozen A-29 Super Tucano ground attack planes of the type supplied to Afghanistan to fight Taliban guerrillas.

    Drones are already being flown over northeast Nigeria from a US base in northern Cameroon, while President Barack Obama has promised specialist troops to assist training.

    Britain has sent special forces trainers to northeast Nigeria.

    France, which has a military base in Chad's capital, N'Djamena for anti-Islamist operations in the Sahel, has promised more intelligence sharing.

    French troops are seen as key to liaise between English-speaking Nigeria and its francophone neighbours, whose relations have long been tense.

    burs-phz/sf/boc

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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