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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali

    Le Bureau du PAM au Mali et son partenaire, Vision Mondiale, soutiennent le gouvernement malien pour renforcer la résilience des populations vulnérables dans certaines des régions les plus difficiles du pays. Comment ? En travaillant avec les communautés à construire des réservoirs d'eau, des barrages, en créant des jardins communautaires et en effectuant d'autres activités qui les aideront à devenir plus résilientes aux chocs climatiques.

    Les villes de Gao, Koulikoro, Kayes, Mopti, Ségou et Tombouctou ont été durement touchées par l'insécurité et les sécheresses récurrentes. Pour améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et la nutrition des populations vulnérables et ainsi leur permettre d'augmenter leurs revenus, le PAM et Vision Mondiale collaborent avec les communautés pour créer des « actifs de résilience ». Par exemple, le village de Bana, dans la région de Koulikoro, a maintenant un barrage, un pont sur le barrage, un étang à poissons et un jardin communautaire afin que les villageois puissent cultiver du riz, des légumes, des fruits, faire de la pisciculture, et avoir accès au marché hebdomadaire.

    Les résultats ? Les trois cents personnes (environ la moitié d'entre eux étaient des femmes) qui ont participé au projet ont gagné 12 168 000 FCFA (environ 20 000 dollars) et produit plus de 60 000 tonnes de nourriture.

    « Je suis très heureux car j’ai finalement un héritage à transmettre à l'enfant que je tiens dans mes bras et à tous mes autres enfants. Je ne peux même pas exprimer combien nous sommes heureux. Avoir un barrage est un rêve de notre communauté depuis longtemps. Nous n’avons pas eu autant d'eau dans notre village depuis des années et il a entraîné une augmentation significative de la quantité de poissons dans notre village », dit Minkoroa Diarra, père de neuf enfants.

    « Le pont est une réponse aux prières que nous faisons depuis de nombreuses années. Nous sommes maintenant en mesure de le traverser et d’atteindre le grand marché de Gueledo. Du fond de nos cœurs, nous sommes reconnaissants à toutes les personnes impliquées (Vision mondiale, PAM, Union européenne, Gouvernement malien) ».

    « Je suis très heureuse de faire partie de ce projet et d’avoir reçu de la nourriture et de l'argent pour mon travail. Ce projet me rend aussi heureuse parce que nous, les femmes, avons été consultées et nos points de vue ont été pris en compte. Nous ne sommes pas seulement bénéficiaires de ce projet, nous y avons contribué. Les fruits et légumes qui viennent de notre jardin communautaire, soit environ 2,4 hectares de terre, en sont un excellent exemple. Il n'y a pas de telles initiatives dans les environs… J’ai une parcelle de terrain ici et nous (toutes les femmes) sommes prêtes pour la récolte. Avoir de l'eau grâce au barrage permet à notre jardin d’avoir de l'eau, même pendant la saison sèche. Au nom de toutes les femmes de ma communauté, j’aimerais tous vous remercier pour ce soutien », dit Mariame Diarra, mère de trois enfants.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Gao ville, le 12 décembre 2015 – « Un stylo, c’est quelque chose, c’est important parce qu’à cause d’un stylo, d’un cahier, un élève peut être amené à abandonner l’école. » C’est en ces termes que M. Amadou Déguéni, Directeur de l’Académie d’enseignement, a tenu à souligner l’importance du geste des Volontaires des Nations Unies, lors de la remise de 500 kits scolaires aux élèves des niveaux I et II des écoles fondamentales Aldjanabandja-A et Gadeye-A. L’évènement a eu lieu à l’Ecole Aldjanabandja-A dans la commune urbaine de Gao.

    Initiée par les Volontaires des Nations Unies à Gao, la cérémonie s’est tenue dans le cadre de la célébration de la Journée internationale des Volontaires ; journée célébrée le 5 décembre de chaque année. L’identification de l’activité a été faite en collaboration avec les autorités régionales en charge de l’Education, dont la Cellule d’Animation Pédagogique et la Direction de l’Académie.

    La région de Gao abrite une vingtaine de Volontaires des Nations unies qui travaillent à la MINUSMA et dans les agences onusiennes présentes sur place, parmi lesquelles le PNUD et l’UNHCR. En plus de leurs fonctions, ils sont engagés dans l’accompagnement des jeunes de Gao, notamment dans les domaines de la cohésion sociale et en dispensant des formations en anglais, en photo, en vidéo ou encore dans le domaine de la médiation et de la gestion de conflits.

    Le Chef de Bureau de la Mission onusienne, le Directeur de l’Académie, le Directeur de la Cellule d’Animation Pédagogique, les membres des comités de gestion de ces deux établissements scolaires, les enseignants et les élèves, ont assisté à la remise de kits scolaires composés de cahiers, de sacs à dos, de stylos et d’autres fournitures.

    En finançant cette initiative à hauteur de 2 500 000 FCFA, il s’agit pour les VNU et pour la MINUSMA de soutenir l’éducation des enfants au Mali. « Pour bâtir une nation, on a besoin de deux choses, d’abord l’éducation et ensuite les moyens. L’éducation, il faut investir sur la jeunesse, sur les enfants parce que les enfants qui sont ici présents sont nos leaders de demain » a souligné M. Mohamed El-Amine Souef, le chef de bureau de la MINUSMA.

    Selon M. Séraphin Abdelkader qui a parlé au nom de tous les volontaires présents à la cérémonie, « L'éducation constitue un droit fondamental, indispensable au développement de l'individu et de la société et, nécessaire au bien-être de tous et chacun ». Il a poursuivi son allocution en disant « si nous voulons changer le comportement d’une nation, essayons d’inculquer aux enfants et aux plus jeunes des comportements citoyens, alors demain ils seront des adultes responsables et pourront changer le monde ».

    Exprimant sa reconnaissance aux Volontaires des Nations unies et à la Mission onusienne, M. Amadou Déguéni de l’Académie d’enseignement qualifie les Casques bleus de braves soldats qui sont sur le terrain, mais également d’acteurs du développement. Il a aussi rappelé que « la MINUSMA a déjà réhabilité beaucoup de nos infrastructures, dont le CFPAA où elle y a investi plus de 80 millions de FCFA. C’était une école fermée depuis 2012. Grâce à l’intervention de la MINUSMA, à travers ses projets à impact rapide, cette école professionnelle est fonctionnelle ». « Toutes nos félicitations aux différents volontaires qui font des sacrifices énormes en quittant leurs pays respectifs, pour venir nous accompagner en vue de promouvoir la paix, le développement et l’éducation. C’est très important pour notre pays », a ajouté le Directeur de l’Académie d’enseignement.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    SITUATION OVERVIEW

    Recurrent attacks are contributing to the ongoing displacement of more than 2.6 million Nigerians, including 2.2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) spread across ten states in the northern and central parts of Nigeria (Displacement Tracking Matrix, Round VI). 91 per cent of the total number of IDPs are living in the North-East region. The main reason for displacement, as cited by 89 per cent of the IDPs, is the conflict. More than 165,000 Nigerians have escaped the conflict to neighbouring countries. 334,000 people, comprising both former IDPs and Nigerians who returned from Chad and Cameroon, have returned to areas of habitual residence due to a relative improvement in the security situation in some areas of the North-East.

    In addition to loss of lives and homes, and the destruction of social infrastructure, the ongoing conflict in North-East Nigeria is restricting the livelihood and market activities of displaced people, host communities and people living inaccessible areas. According to the Cadre Harmonisé analysis published in November 2015, until end of December 2015, 15.1 million Nigerians are estimated to be food insecure in eight northern states (Adamawa, Borno, Jigawa, Katsina, Kano, Sokoto, Yobe and Zamfara). 55 per cent (8.3 million) of them are living in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. 75 per cent of the total food-insecure population who are in need of urgent food assistance (4.0 million of a total 5.3 million) are located in the states most affected by the conflict: Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Djibouti, Ethiopia, Iraq, Kenya, Mali, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

    This week, on 17 December, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) will mark its 10 year anniversary. Created in 2005, CERF marked an innovative breakthrough in humanitarian funding by Member States of the UN General Assembly as a “fund for all, by all”. It raises and pools funds before the need arises, and provides fast, predictable funding to partners on the frontlines at the onset of a crisis, as well as financing critically underfunded emergencies.

    Over the past 10 years, CERF has disbursed more than US$4.1 billion to support hundreds of millions of people affected by natural disasters, conflicts and complex emergencies across 94 countries and territories, ranging from Africa and Asia to Latin America and the Middle East.

    CERF has more than proved its worth. It is fast: funds were disbursed within 10 hours of the Haiti earthquake and within 48 hours of the Typhoon Haiyan in the Philippines and of the Nepal earthquake.

    CERF also supports response in crises that could not leverage sufficient attention or support from donors. In 2015, it disbursed $76 million for the protracted conflict in Syria and $70 million to support people in Bangladesh, Darfur, the Horn of Africa and Myanmar.

    Because of CERF, 20 million people receive life-saving health treatments each year, 10 million people receive nourishing food, 8 million people can now access clean water and sanitation, and 1 million people who have been displaced have shelter.

    This is made possible only by the 125 Member States and observers, regional and local governments, private donors and individuals that have come together to demonstrate their solidarity to people in urgent need of humanitarian assistance.

    As we celebrate CERF’s impact, we must also recognize that the world has changed. A record 125 million people will need humanitarian assistance to get by in 2016. The new norm is protracted crises with regional implications, high levels of displacement but few political solutions in sight. In this climate, donors have been generous, providing more aid than ever. But despite this, the level of suffering outpaces the funding we need.

    To address these issues, the UN Secretary-General has convened a High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing and called for the World Humanitarian Summit in May 2016 to look at the systemic constraints and challenges of the current humanitarian response and funding model. We look forward to the panel’s recommendations.  

    Amid these important discussions, it is clear that CERF has a proven track record and will continue to play a critical role in improving the efficiency and effectiveness of humanitarian response.  The CERF High-Level Conference is an opportunity for Member States and other stakeholders to review the success of the past and also identify strategic directions on CERF for the future. This year we are calling for $450 million from Member States and other donors to help us meet the needs of the most vulnerable in crises. Your support will help us continue saving lives together.

    The CERF High-Level Conference will take place on 17 December from 9:30 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. EST in the ECOSOC Chamber, United Nations Headquarters in New York. The conference will be streamed live at www.webtv.un.org. Also follow and join the discussion on Twitter using @UNCERF, #CERF10 and #SavingLivesTogether.

    Key resources:


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Monday 12/21/2015 - 18:13 GMT

    A child suicide bomber detonated his explosives, killing himself, two other bombers and six people in northeast Nigeria, in the latest bloodshed blamed on Boko Haram Islamist group, the army said on Monday.

    The attack in Beninsheikh in Borno state happened around 8:30 pm on Sunday when three suspected suicide bombers aged between 10 and 15 years, were stopped for security screening by civilian vigilantes in the area, Colonel Sani Usman said in a statement.

    He said one of the bombers, who was strapped with explosives, detonated the bomb, causing the "death of nine people while 24 others sustained various degrees of injuries."

    The three suicide bombers were among the dead, he said.

    "The security and emergency management agents have mobilised to the scene. The bodies have been evacuated and all those injured are receiving medical attention," Usman said.

    Suicide bombings -- many by young boys and girls -- have fast become Boko Haram's preferred method of inflicting civilian casualties since it lost control of captured territory to a renewed military offensive in recent months.

    The defence headquarters said in a statement on Monday that Boko Haram had devised other means of inflicting harm on innocent citizens.

    "Some of such tactics they now use include crying and feigning pains and shouting to attract sympathy from the unsuspecting public.

    "When a lot of people of goodwill gather to render help in the process, the suicide bomber detonates bombs which they conceal under their clothes," it said.

    "Similarly, suicide bombers used monetary incentives and other inducements especially in crowded places to lure innocent citizens in order to cause colossal damage to both lives and property," it said.

    It advised Nigerians to be "vigilant and weary of terrorist malevolence in such places as parks, worship centres and recreation spots particularly in this festive period.".

    People were also advised to report suspicious movements to the security agencies.

    Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari has given his military commanders until the end of the month to end the six-year violence.

    abu-joa/boc

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Humanitarian partners seek US$2 billion for Sahel response in 2016.

    • 4.5 million people displaced in the Sahel, a threefold increase in two years.

    • Around 4.4 million people in Lake Chad Basins need emergency food assistance

    • Almost 50,000 people have been displaced by recent violence in CAR, human rights violation continues.

    • Ebola resurfaces in Liberia. One dead and two recovered

    Humanitarian partners seek US$2 billion for Sahel

    UN agencies and other humanitarian partners on 9 December launched the 2016 Sahel humanitarian appeal in Dakar, requesting US$1.98 billion to provide vital assistance to millions of people affected by crises in nine countries across the Sahel region. This represents a tenth of the humanitarian response globally for 2016.

    “In the Sahel, the combined effects of climate change, abject poverty, fast population growth and a tormenting rise in violence and insecurity dangerously undermine the lives, assets and future prospects of some of the most vulnerable communities in the world,” said Toby Lanzer, Assistant Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, speaking at the launch.

    KEY FIGURES

    Food insecure people in 2016 in Sahel 23.5 million

    No. of Ebola cases in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone since 20 November People at risk of epidemics targeted for assistance in the Sahel 6.8 million

    Children at risk of malnutrition in 2016 5.9 million

    FUNDING OF THE SAHEL STRATEGY

    US$1.976 billion requested in 2015 $820 million received (in SRP)


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office, Department for International Development, Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, World Food Programme, US Agency for International Development, UN Children's Fund, International Rescue Committee, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Diffa

    · Cette semaine encore, les mouvements internes préventifs consécutifs à la situation sécuritaire dans la région se sont poursuivis. Ainsi plusieurs familles ont dû quitter leurs villages pour se mettre en sécurité sur d’autres sites.

    · IRC a organisé une évaluation multisectorielle (MSA) du 3 au 4 décembre 2015 à Kolomanga, village situé au Sud-est de Kabléwa d’environ 17 km. Le rapport a été transmis à OCHA qui l’a partagé aux différents clusters.

    · IRC poursuit la campagne des 16 jours d’activisme contre les violences faites à l’égard des femmes. Le 8 décembre 2015, une sensibilisation de masse portant sur le mariage précoce, la scolarisation de la jeune fille, et les violences domestiques a été organisée au niveau du site de Koublé N’gourtoua (35Km de Diffa). 497 personnes dont 113 hommes, 297 femmes, 38 filles et 49 garçons ont participé à cette activité. En marge de cette activité la population a émis des doléances pour la fourniture continue du site en eau, la prise en compte des nouveaux ménages dans l’assistance en vivre, abri et NFI. Elle a également manifesté la peur qui l’anime du fait de l’absence d’une position militaire à proximité.


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania

    Brussels, 18.12.2015 C(2015) 9705 final

    COMMISSION DECISION

    THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

    Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

    Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/323 of 2 March 20151 on the financial regulation applicable to the 11th European Development Fund and in particular Article 26 thereof,

    Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/322 of 2 March 20152 on the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund and in particular Articles 6 and 9(4) thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) Mali experienced a severe political and security crisis in 2012 and 2013. The northern part of the country was occupied by armed groups active in those regions and in the rest of the Sahara-Sahel region, and the normal functioning of Malian institutions was interrupted by a coup. Since then, the situation has improved. In 2013, the joint intervention by African and French military forces and the mobilisation of the international community helped support the return to normal constitutional order, leading to the election of Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta as President of the Republic and the holding of legislative elections. The United Nations established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), was deployed on 1 July 2013 and has a mandate until 30 June 2016.

    (2) Since then, the process of peace building and the restoration of State authority has continued. The signature of the peace agreement on 20th June was an important step forward in the process of rebuilding mutual trust and confidence in Mali.

    (3) Despite the agreement, the situation on the ground remains fragile. During the last couple of months, Mali assisted to several violations of the ceasefire agreement; violent clashes also between communities and security incidents related to banditry are increasing. These events are a stark reminder of the complexity and unpredictability of the security environment in the Northern regions. Moreover, the access to populations in need is highly challenging. This insecurity and violence environment against civilians has had serious humanitarian consequences on the population of North Mali.

    An estimated 61 920 people (IOM Sep 17, 2015) are still internally displaced in Mali, two thirds of which are in the 3 northern regions. Both IDPs and host communities are in need of support, including food assistance.

    (4) Neighbouring countries continue to host 141 000 Malian refugees (UNHCR Oct 31, 2015): 50 000 in Mauritania, 57 000 in Niger (54 000 plus 3 000 waiting for being registered) and 34 000 in Burkina Faso. Due to insecurity and limited access to basic services in some areas, the conditions are still not favourable for a safe, dignified and sustainable return of refugees and internally displaced people.

    (5) The food security situation in Mali is critical. The results of the Cadre Harmonisé,
    November 2015, estimate that during the period of June, July and August 2016, 2 098 000 persons will be food insecure (phase 2) and 294 000 in need of emergency food assistance (phase 3 to 5). The majority of the 294 000 live in the Northern regions Mopti, Tombouctou, Gao and Kidal.

    (6) A critical nutrition situation with a national global malnutrition rate of 12.4 % and a severe acute malnutrition rate of 2.8 % exceeding the WHO emergency thresholds; this year, 180 000 children under five are affected by severe acute malnutrition (SMART 2015). The malnutrition rates are especially alarming in the Tombouctou regions where the severe acute malnutrition rate reaches 17.5 % and severe acute malnutrition rate 3.5%.

    (7) To reach populations in need, humanitarian aid should be channelled through nongovernmental organisations, international organisations including United Nations agencies or directly by the Commission. The Commission should therefore implement the budget either by direct management or by indirect management in accordance with Articles 17 and 37 of Regulation (EU) 2015/323 together with Articles 58, 60 and 121 et seq. of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union3.

    (8) For the purposes of this Decision, the three countries involved are Mali, Burkina Faso and Mauritania.

    (9) Pursuant to Article 37 of Council Regulation (EU) 2015/323 and Article 130 of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012, and in view of the specific nature of humanitarian aid, expenditure incurred before the date of submission of a proposal can be eligible for Union funding.

    (10) The use of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) set up by the Internal Agreement ('Internal Agreement')4 is necessary as all the funds for ACP countries in the general budget are entirely allocated.


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic

    Brussels, 18.12.2015 C(2015) 9704 final

    THE EUROPEAN COMMISSION,

    Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

    Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/322 of 2 March 2015 on the implementation of the 11th European Development Fund1 and in particular Article 9(3) thereof,

    Having regard to Council Regulation (EU) 2015/323 of 2 March 2015 on the financial regulation applicable to the 11th European Development Fund2 and in particular Article 26 thereof,

    Whereas:

    (1) Eastern Cameroon hosts over 150 000 refugees arrived since January 2014 fleeing the conflict in Central African Republic (CAR). Nearly two years after the onset of the crisis, refugees still depend completely on humanitarian assistance provided by the international community. The political and security context in CAR does not make it possible to envisage their return soon, and their self-reliance means remain very limited.

    (2) Recent assessments in the East and Adamawa regions have identified important gaps in the assistance, particularly in terms of shelters, livelihood and access to water. It is urgent to fill those gaps and meet the humanitarian needs identified as a matter of priority.

    (3) To reach populations in need, humanitarian aid should be channelled through nongovernmental organisations, international organisations including United Nations agencies or directly by the Commission. The Commission should therefore implement the budget either by direct management or by indirect management in accordance with Articles 17 and 37 of Regulation (EU) 2015/323 together with Articles 58, 60 and 121 et seq. of Regulation (EU, Euratom) No 966/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on the financial rules applicable to the general budget of the Union3.

    (4) An assessment of the humanitarian situation leads to the conclusion that humanitarian aid actions should be financed by the Union for a period of 18 months.

    (5) Pursuant to Article 37 of Regulation (EU) 2015/323 and Article 130 of Regulation (EU, Euratom) 2012/966, and in view of the specific nature of humanitarian aid, expenditure incurred before the date of submission of a proposal for action should be eligible for Union funding.

    (6) The use of the 11th European Development Fund (EDF) set up by the Internal Agreement ('Internal Agreement')4 is necessary as all the funds for ACP countries in the general budget are entirely allocated.

    (7) It is estimated that an amount of EUR 3 000 000 from the reserve for unforeseen needs (B-envelope) of the 11th EDF is necessary to provide humanitarian assistance to populations directly affected by the CAR crisis in Cameroon. Although as a general rule actions financed by this Decision should be co-financed, the Authorising Officer should be able to agree to the financing of actions in full, in accordance with Article 37(1) of Regulation (EU) 2015/323, together with Article 277 of Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) No 1268/20125.

    (8) The Commission will inform the EDF Committee set up under Article 8 of the Internal Agreement within one month of the adoption of the Decision,


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    DONNEES CLEES

    92 658 Personnes Déplacées Internes.

    65 820* Réfugiés vérifiés et préenregistrés par le HCR depuis Mai 2013.

    49,968 Réfugiés vivant au camp de Minawao.

    26 639 Nouveaux arrivés enregistrés par le HCR depuis Janvier 2015.

    • Une mission civilo-militaire s’est rendue dans la région et a rencontré les autorités civiles et les officiers supérieurs de l’armée de la région ainsi que le général de la force multinationale à Mora en vue de mettre en place un mécanisme de collaboration entre les autorités militaires et les organisations humanitaires, la communication avec les autorités militaires et la sécurisation du personnel humanitaire.

    • La cérémonie de lancement des 16 jours d’activisme de lutte contre les violences basées sur le genre a eu lieu le 25 novembre sous le parrainage du Sous-préfet de Moko avec la participation des Ministères de la Promotion de la Femme et de la Famille, de l’Education de Base, des Affaires Sociales et de tous les partenaires intervenant au camp de Minawao. A cette occasion, le Délégué Départemental du Minprof a présenté un exposé sur le thème « Education comme stratégie de protection », pour sensibiliser tous les participants sur l’importance de l’éducation des enfants et de la jeune fille. En outre, un atelier d’échange a été organisé avec les réfugiés sur les lois répressives en matière de SGBV et les procédures d’accès à la justice.

    • La nouvelle Cheffe d’unité responsable de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et de l’Afrique Centrale d’ECHO, Mme Suzanne MAULLAN, a visité la région de l’Extrême Nord. A l’issue de sa visite au camp de Minawao, elle a recommandé au HCR d’améliorer la coordination des partenaires intervenant au camp, surtout dans l’eau et de l’assainissement.

    CONTEXTE OPERATIONNEL

    • La situation sécuritaire demeure volatile dans la région de l’Extrême Nord, particulièrement à la frontière où des insurgés nigérians continuent à mener des attaques et attentats suicides dans certaines localités. Au cours de la période en revue, 32 civils ont été tués à la suite des incursions d’insurgés nigérians à Achigachia, Koza, Aissa-Hardé, Kerawa, Dabanga, Gouzoundou, Waza et Fotokol.

    • Les arrivées spontanées de réfugiés en provenance des localités frontalières vers le centre de transit de Gourounguel continuent à être rapportées. Pendant la période couverte par ce rapport, 1630 individus, représentant 511 ménages, sont arrivés spontanément au centre de transit. Ces personnes viennent des localités frontalières de Ngong, Mora, Limani, Kashumbuli, Meme Zhelevet, Chedbua, Pette, Ngechewe etc. A leur arrivée au centre de transit, ces personnes sont soumises à des fouilles effectuées par les forces de maintien de l’ordre avant d’être enregistrées et transférées au camp de Minawao par le HCR


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Malgré la réouverture de certaines écoles, l’insécurité reste un obstacle à l’éducation

    DAKAR/NEW YORK, le 22 décembre 2015 – La violence et les attaques contre les populations civiles du Nord-Est du Nigéria et ses pays voisins ont forcé plus d’un million d’enfants à quitter l’école, selon l’UNICEF.

    Le nombre d’enfants qui passent à côté de leur scolarité à cause des conflits s’ajoute aux 11 millions d’enfants en âge d’aller à l’école primaire au Nigeria, au Cameroun, au Tchad et au Niger et qui n’étaient pas scolarisés avant le début de la crise.

    « C’est un chiffre effarant, » déclare Manuel Fontaine, le directeur régional de l’UNICEF pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Centre. « Le conflit a été un énorme choc pour l’éducation dans la région, et la violence a maintenu beaucoup d’enfants hors des salles de classe depuis plus d’un an, augmentant leur risque d’abandonner complètement l’école. »

    A travers le Nigéria, le Cameroun, le Tchad et le Niger, ce sont plus de 2 000 écoles qui restent closes en raison du conflit – pour certaines depuis plus d’un an- et des centaines qui ont été attaquées, pillées ou incendiées. Au Nord du Cameroun, seule une école sur les 135 fermées en 2014 a pu rouvrir cette année.

    Dans le Nord-Est du Nigéria, l’UNICEF a soutenu le retour à l’école de 170 000 enfants dans les zones les plus sûres des 3 États les plus affectés par le conflit, où la majorité des écoles ont pu rouvrir. Cependant beaucoup de salles de classe sont surpeuplées du fait que certains bâtiments soient utilisés pour héberger les très nombreuses personnes déplacées à cause du conflit. Dans ces zones, certains enseignants déplacés, ayant eux-mêmes fui les combats, s’engagent dans le maintien de l’école et les classes fonctionnent souvent avec un système de roulement pour permettre à plus d’enfants de suivre les cours.

    Dans d’autres régions cependant, l’insécurité, la peur des violences et des attaques empêchent beaucoup d’enseignants d’assurer les cours et découragent les parents d’envoyer leurs enfants à l’école. Rien qu’au Nigéria, environ 600 enseignants ont été tués depuis le début de l’insurrection de Boko Haram.

    « Le défi à relever est de maintenir les enfants en sécurité sans interrompre leur scolarité, » a ajouté Manuel Fontaine. « Les écoles ont été les cibles d’attaques, et les enfants ont peur de retourner à l’école ; plus ils restent déscolarisés, plus ils ont de risques d’être victimes d’abus et d’être recrutés par des groupes armés. »

    Avec les gouvernements, les ONG et d’autres partenaires, l’UNICEF a mis en place des espaces temporaires pour l’éducation, a rénové et agrandi des écoles, au bénéfice de 67 000 enfants. De plus, l’UNICEF a formé des enseignants au soutien psychosocial et a fourni à 132 000 enfants déracinés par le conflit du matériel scolaire, notamment dans des écoles locales qui hébergent des élèves déplacés.

    Cependant, les contraintes de sécurité et le manque de financements entravent l’accès à l’éducation et l’approvisionnement en matériel scolaire d’urgence. Pour l’instant, l’UNICEF a reçu 44% des financements requis en 2015 pour répondre aux besoins humanitaires des enfants au Niger, au Nigéria, au Cameroun et au Tchad.

    En 2016, l’UNICEF aura besoin de près de 23 millions de dollars pour fournir un accès à l’éducation aux enfants affectés par les conflits dans les 4 pays, dont la plupart vivent dans la région du Lac Tchad.

    Photos et videos disponibles sur: http://uni.cf/1NU246A

    À propos de l’UNICEF

    L’UNICEF promeut les droits et le bien-être de chaque enfant, dans tout ce que nous faisons. Nous travaillons dans 190 pays et territoires du monde entier avec nos partenaires pour faire de cet engagement une réalité, avec un effort particulier pour atteindre les enfants les plus vulnérables et marginalisés, dans l’intérêt de tous les enfants, où qu’ils soient. consultez: www.unicef.org/french

    Suivez-nous sur Twitter et Facebook

    Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter :
    Georgina Thompson, UNICEF New York, + 1 917 238 1559, gthompson@unicef.org
    Laurent Duvillier, Bureau régional à Dakar, +221 77 740 35 77, lduvillier@unicef.org
    Doune Porter, UNICEF Nigéria, +234 803 525 0273, dporter@unicef.org
    Anne Boher, UNICEF Niger, +227 9696 2159, aboher@unicef.org
    Manuel Moreno González, UNICEF Tchad, +235 639 00 947, mmgonzalez@unicef.org
    Laure Bassek, UNICEF Cameroun, +237 222 50 54 39, lbassek@unicef.org


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Although some schools reopening, insecurity remains an obstacle to education

    DAKAR/NEW YORK, 22 December 2015 – Violence and attacks against civilian populations in northeastern Nigeria and its neighboring countries have forced more than 1 million children out of school, UNICEF said today.

    The number of children missing out on their education due to the conflict adds to the estimated 11 million children of primary school age who were already out of school in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger before the onset of the crisis.

    “It’s a staggering number,” says Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF’s West and Central Africa Regional Director. “The conflict has been a huge blow for education in the region, and violence has kept many children out of the classroom for more than a year, putting them at risk of dropping out of school altogether.”

    Across Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger, over 2,000 schools remain closed due to the conflict – some of them for more than a year – and hundreds have been attacked, looted or set on fire. In far north Cameroon, only 1 out of the 135 schools closed in 2014 has re-opened this year.

    In northeastern Nigeria UNICEF has supported 170,000 children back into education in the safer areas of the three states most affected by the conflict, where the majority of schools have been able to re-open. However, many classrooms are severely overcrowded as some school buildings are still being used to house the large numbers of displaced persons seeking shelter from the conflict. In these areas, some displaced teachers, who themselves have fled the fighting, are involved in the schooling and classes are often given on a “double shift” basis to help more children attend school.

    In other areas, however, insecurity, fear of violence and attacks are preventing many teachers from resuming classes and discouraging parents from sending their children back to school. In Nigeria alone, approximately 600 teachers have been killed since the start of the Boko Haram insurgency.

    “The challenge we face is to keep children safe without interrupting their schooling,” said Fontaine. “Schools have been targets of attack, so children are scared to go back to the classroom; yet the longer they stay out of school, the greater the risks of being abused, abducted and recruited by armed groups.”

    Together with governments, NGOs and other partners, UNICEF has set up temporary learning spaces, renovated and expanded schools, reaching 67,000 children. In addition, UNICEF has trained teachers on psychosocial support and provided more than 132,000 children uprooted by conflict with learning materials, including in local schools hosting displaced students.

    However, security constraints and funding shortfalls hinder access to education services and the delivery of emergency learning materials. So far, UNICEF has received 44 per cent of the funding required in 2015 to respond to the humanitarian needs of children in Niger, Nigeria, Cameroon and Chad.

    In 2016, UNICEF will need nearly US$23 million to provide access to education for children affected by conflicts in the four countries, most of whom live around the Lake Chad region.

    Notes to Editors:

    About UNICEF

    UNICEF promotes the rights and wellbeing of every child, in everything we do. Together with our partners, we work in 190 countries and territories to translate that commitment into practical action, focusing special effort on reaching the most vulnerable and excluded children, to the benefit of all children, everywhere.

    For more information about UNICEF and its work for children visit www.unicef.org

    Follow UNICEF on Twitter and Facebook

    For more information, please contact:

    Georgina Thompson, UNICEF New York, + 1 917 238 1559, gthompson@unicef.org
    Laurent Duvillier, UNICEF Regional Office in Dakar, +221 77 740 35 77, lduvillier@unicef.org
    Doune Porter, UNICEF Nigeria, +234 803 525 0273, dporter@unicef.org
    Anne Boher, UNICEF Niger, +227 9696 2159, aboher@unicef.org
    Manuel Moreno González, UNICEF Chad, +235 639 00 947, mmgonzalez@unicef.org
    Laure Bassek, UNICEF Cameroon, +237 222 50 54 39, lbassek@unicef.org


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    Source: IRIN
    Country: Afghanistan, Cameroon, Chad, El Salvador, Honduras, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, South Sudan, World, Yemen

    OXFORD, 21 December 2015 (IRIN) - In 2015, all eyes have been on the Mediterranean and Europe's so-called migration crisis.

    But people are being displaced in many other corners of the world away from the media's glare. According to the UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR, this year is likely to see worldwide forced displacement exceeding 60 million for the first time.

    See our full feature highlighting six under-reported migration stories.

    Read report online


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • In Mali, internally displaced persons and communities affected by the conflict continue to struggle to access food, water, health care, education, protection and livelihood opportunities. For many families, UNHCR and other humanitarian organisations are the sole providers of protection and essential services.

    • Almost four years after the conflict erupted, nearly 139,000 Malian refugees remain in neighbouring Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger. More recently, around 4,000 Malians have fled to Niger.

    • UNHCR continues to provide protection and humanitarian assistance to refugees living in camps and host communities in the three asylum countries, focusing on self-reliance and peaceful coexistence.

    • In line with its regional strategy recently developed for 2016-2017, UNHCR is advocating to ensure refugees have access to national public services, particularly education and health as well as opportunities for employment.

    • Critical funding shortfalls jeopardise UNHCR operations in Mali and in the region. Without additional donor contributions, UNHCR will be forced to significantly and immediately limit the number of people supported with essential protection and assistance.

    KEY FIGURES

    139,187 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso,
    Mauritania, Niger

    61,920 IDPs in Mali

    38,053 Total number of returnees, as of 31 October 2015

    FUNDING

    USD 111.2 million required by UNHCR for the situation in 2015


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • UNHCR facilitates the registration of Central African refugees in Chad, Cameroon and the Republic of Congo to enable them to vote for the elections planned at the end of December.

    • Following the upsurge of violence in Bangui and in other parts of the Central African Republic, causing new waves of mass displacement in the country and the region, UNHCR and its partners continue to deliver lifesaving humanitarian assistance and ensure protection of people of concern.

    • Access and security constraints continue to hinder the delivery of vital assistance in the north-east region of CAR and urban enclaves such as PK5.

    • Critical funding shortfalls are hampering UNHCR’s efforts to provide basic assistance to newly displaced families in CAR and relocate thousands of new arrivals to safer areas inside the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Republic of Congo.

    KEY FIGURES

    447,487 IDPs in CAR

    456,866 Central African refugees in Cameroon, Chad, DRC and Congo

    7,431 Refugees and asylum seekers in Central African Republic

    FUNDING

    USD 241 million required for the situation in 2015

    PRIORITIES

    • CAR: Acceleration of assistance to newly displaced populations; continue to conduct protection monitoring

    • Cameroon: Facilitation of voter registration for refugees; biometric registration

    • Chad: Facilitation of voter registration for refugees

    • DRC: Relocation of refugees to existing sites; verification of out of camps refugees

    • RoC: Ensure registration and documentation of new CAR refugees; biometric registration exercise


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Snapshot 16–22 December 2015

    Cameroon: 2.9 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. 2.4 million are in need of protection assistance, predominantly in the Far North Region. The government has reportedly urged men to join self-defence groups in the northern areas affected by Boko Haram. The same reports suggest the government has made provisions in its 2016 budget to support the self-defence groups.

    Iraq: Over 10 million people are in need of humanitarian assistance. Healthcare, infrastructure and social services have suffered from conflict and low oil prices, which have severely impacted the budget. Around 3.2 million people are internally displaced, with 17% living in critical shelter conditions as winter sets in. Humanitarian access is severely constrained. Civilians in Ramadi prevented from escaping an imminent military offensive urgently need access to protection.

    Somalia: Two humanitarian workers were killed on 14 December when their vehicle was shot by unidentified gunmen in Mogadishu. On 13 December, fighting broke out in the town of Beledweyne, Hiraan region, at Hawl-wadag neighbourhood in the centre of the town. More than 30 people were killed and more than 50 injured, including women and children. Several houses and business places were damaged. School has been disrupted in the area.

    See the Crisis Overview 2015: Humanitarian Trends and Risks 2016, ACAPS overview of long-term trends in humanitarian needs for major crises, and scenarios outlining their potential evolution in 2016.

    Updated: 22/12/2015. Next update: 05/01/2016

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Niger

    Elyse Aichatou is a nurse. Having just left midwifery school in 2005, she was recruited by MSF to take care of malnourished children when the country was hit by an extremely serious nutritional crisis. For 10 years, Elyse has continued her work at MSF’s nutritional centres in southern Niger. Here she talks about her experience and the problem of malnutrition in the Zinder region from 2005 until today. “I was born in Zinder, Niger’s second largest city, situated in the south of the country. In 2005, with my midwifery degree in hand, I was recruited by MSF. So, at 21 years old, I became a day nurse at the intensive therapeutic feeding centre (ITFC) that MSF had opened in Birni, in a district of Zinder. It was in August during the peak of the infant malnutrition season which we expect every year from June to September. MSF had set up camp in a school which was empty of children during the summer holidays. I worked in intensive care. A lot of malnourished children would arrive in a critical state. Mothers cried over their dead children. I remember it like it was yesterday. It was very difficult psychologically. After that, I was transferred to Magaria where the situation was even worse! It was another very demanding experience.

    What is malnutrition? Before starting my work, I had heard people talk about it, but I didn't believe it. At the time, it used to be said that malnourished children had 'gotten dirty'. It was a popular belief that children became malnourished after having slept on the mattress on which their mother had cheated on her husband.

    We don't think that way anymore. There is still a lot of awareness-raising to do within the community, but thanks to the work accomplished by MSF over the last 10 years, the majority of people have come to understand that a malnourished child is a sick child and that they can recover if they receive the appropriate care. That is a huge change. Before, losing a child to malnutrition was a part of life in the villages. Today, Nigeriens know that their children can recover from malnutrition. We still have a lot of malnourished children in our treatment centres during the peak season, but this reflects the fact that people are coming to look for quality care and that access to treatment has become easier for families, especially with the free services offered by MSF.

    Since 2005, national protocols for managing malnutrition have also evolved with the generalised use of ready-to-use therapeutic foods at home. The quality of our work has improved. We have been trained, have developed new tools and have dedicated ourselves to prevention to avoid having too many gravely ill children during the peak. Better prevention is better survival.

    Over the years and peak periods, I have toured the health facilities supported by MSF in the regions, in Dungass, Magaria, Bangaza, etc. In 2013, I joined MSF’s emergency pool in Niger. It’s a team of people that MSF can call in case of emergency in order to intervene faster when they need to.

    For me, the most notable years were 2005 and 2015. Ten years ago, it was the state of the children that was shocking: there were some really serious cases. But this year, in Magaria, we were able to manage a huge and sudden arrival of children. There were up to 750 children in the hospital's ITFC in October! We had several children per bed and the teams were overwhelmed. Even though malnutrition is a chronic crisis in Niger, we hadn’t seen this for years. The battle against malnutrition is far from over.”


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Niger

    In 2005, an innovative strategy consisting of moving the treatment of severe acute malnutrition out of hospitals was expanded massively for the first time, and reached a record number of children.Ten years later, strategies to tackle other deadly diseases in Niger are combining with the fight against malnutrition in a public health approach.

    Rahi Harouma is 40 and lives in Keleme, a small village in the Bouza department in southern Niger. It is November and the family has already collected all the harvest. “This year the size of the harvest was normal”, explains Rahi, sitting in the yard of her home, while her older daughters grind some grain to prepare lunch.

    This is the most important harvest of the year and most families in Niger depend on it for survival. Nutritional crises are recurrent in the country, especially from June to October, when food stocks start to dry up in the period running up to the following harvest. The younger children are the first to suffer the consequences.

    Rahi's husband is a farmer and they live with their six children; the youngest is Adbousidi, who is six months old. “With Adbousidi everything is easier. I take him to the health centre so that he can grow healthily”, says Rahi. The Keleme health post is one of six health facilities in the Tama area, where MSF has launched a project for the treatment and prevention of the main causes of infant mortality, malnutrition being one of them.

    Rahi takes the baby to the health post for a check-up once a month. The health agent there checks that the child’s development is as it should be, administers any vaccinations that are needed, and also gives out some small sachets of prepared foods, one for each day, for babies aged from six months to two years. It is a small additional nutritional contribution designed to prevent children from suffering malnutrition.

    “Right now there are about 3,200 children in the programme, that's virtually the entire population under 24 months in the area”, explains Emmanuel Goumou, head of the MSF programme. “Soon, the preventive and curative comprehensive care package programme (known by its French acronym as PPCSI) aims to provide comprehensive healthcare for all these children.”

    The route taken

    The PPCSI programme began last March, 10 years after the serious nutritional crisis suffered by Niger in 2005, and is yet another example of how the fight against malnutrition has evolved over the last decade.

    Nines Lima, currently MSF’s malaria adviser, was a medical coordinator in the country back in 2005. “The scale of the emergency was huge and MSF was working in the worst affected areas. I was in Ouallam, in Tillabéri, where the number of malnourished children meant our work continued until December. We then went to Madaoua and Bouza in the Tahoua region, where there were many cases of malnutrition and no one able to cover the needs, and where we’re still working today,” she explains.

    In 2005, ready-to-use therapeutic foods (RUTF), which enable home treatment of severe acute malnutrition without medical complications, were used on a massive scale for the first time. As a result, more than 69,000 children received treatment. “I was impressed by the intensive nutrition centres I visited in Zinder, where malnourished children with complications were admitted, because there were so many of them, more than 600 in two centres.It was like a town of malnourished children,” recalls Nines.

    Since 2005, thanks to various medical and nutritional innovations, as well as Niger’s new health policies, the number of children with severe acute malnutrition who are treated in the country has not stopped growing – there were over 360,000 in 2014. These high numbers do not necessarily indicate that malnourished children are more numerous, but that the national coverage has improved. In 2013, there were over 800 facilities providing treatment for malnutrition in Niger. Moreover, the adoption of the new anthropometric measures to define malnutrition, which are more inclusive, automatically led to an increase in the number of children considered malnourished. Meanwhile, there has also been significant progress in tackling major childhood diseases such as malaria, which attacks malnourished children very aggressively.

    Nines returned to Niger last year. “The great progress with malaria in recent years has been the implementation of seasonal malaria chemoprevention, which provides preventive treatment to children aged between three months and five years during the months of highest incidence of the disease”, Nines explains. “What’s more, we’ve worked to make it possible for simple malaria to be diagnosed and treated within the community by personnel with little training, thereby improving access and preventing the development of severe malaria”, he adds.

    Children at the centre

    The health authorities in Niger have also worked in the same direction, training health workers so that they can address the country’s main causes of death: malaria, pneumonia, diarrhoea and malnutrition. This strategy aims to alleviate one of the Nigerien health system’s main problems, which is the lack of doctors and nurses, especially in rural areas.

    “Malnutrition remains a reality in Niger and should be treated from a public health viewpoint”, asserts Luis Encinas, head of MSF projects in Niger. “To combat it, we must work on a set of basic health measures aimed at the youngest children, as we are doing now in Tama with the PPCSI programme to help children to grow healthily.

    Lessons learned in this decade

    1) Severe acute malnutrition can be treated en masse.

    Until 2005, children were systematically admitted for a one-month treatment. The introducion of ready-to-use therapeutic foods simplified the treatment and enabled it to be taken at home. In 2005, 300,000 treatments were sold worldwide; in 2013, were about three million.

    2) More inclusive criteria to define malnutrition.

    After analysing infant growth in eight countries on the five continents, the WHO published new anthropometric curves to address malnutrition. Thus, many children who before were considered as moderately malnourished - but at high risk of mortality - are now considered severely malnourished and receive treatment, making it easier to cure them.

    3) Severe acute malnutrition particularly affects the youngest.

    Among children under five, those aged between six and 23 months are the most affected by severe acute malnutrition; about 80 per cent of cases occur in this age bracket. With this data, programmes to reduce child morbidity and mortality increasingly focus on treating the youngest children.

    4) Malaria and malnutrition, a lethal combination.

    Malaria is one of the main causes of death in many countries affected by malnutrition. This occurs during the same time of year as malnutrition, leading to strategies that address both problems. For example, while a child receives seasonal malaria chemoprevention, their nutritional status is assessed and they are referred for treatment if needed.

    5) Treat all the illnesses that a child has.

    Malnourished children have very weakened immune systems and are less able to fight diseases such as malaria, diarrhoea and respiratory infections. At the same time, children with these diseases are also more likely to be malnourished. More and more programmes are trying to respond in a comprehensive manner to all the needs of children.

    6) Decentralise and simplify treatment.

    Simplifying the approach to the major childhood diseases allows health workers with minimal training to diagnose and treat them, at the health facility nearest to the child. Thus, only the most severe cases need to be referred.


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