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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | mercredi 19/08/2015 - 21:07 GMT

    La rébellion à dominante touareg du nord du Mali a appelé mercredi dans un communiqué l'ONU à lever "toutes les zones de sécurité" dans la région, instituées pour prévenir des violences, après des combats meurtriers entre ses hommes et ceux d'un groupe armé progouvernemental.

    La Mission de l'ONU au Mali (Minusma) a annoncé mardi l'établissement d'une "zone de sécurité" autour de la ville de Kidal, fief des rebelles touareg, à plus de 1.500 km au nord de Bamako, après trois jours de combats, les 15 et 16 août et lundi.

    Ces combats, dont ceux de lundi qui ont fait plusieurs morts, ont opposé la Coordination des mouvements de l'Azawad (CMA, rébellion) et le Groupe d'auto-défense touareg Imghad et alliés (Gatia, pro-Bamako). Le Gatia a parlé de 15 morts dans les rangs de la CMA et annoncé avoir pris le contrôle de la ville d'Anéfis, à environ 120 km au sud de Kidal, à l'issue des affrontements.

    Dans son communiqué, la CMA, qui n'a fourni aucun bilan, "demande à la Minusma de lever expressément et dans les meilleurs délais toutes les zones de sécurité établies" dans le nord du pays.

    Selon elle, des "zones de sécurité" sont installées dans les localités de "Tabankort, Anéfis, Ménaka, Goundam, Ber, Tombouctou, Gao, Kidal" et demande "de laisser le soin à toutes les parties de régler leurs différends", sans donner plus de détails.

    A l'exception de celle de Kidal, l'institution de "zones de sécurité" dans ces différentes localités n'avait pas fait l'objet de communication. Aucune précision n'avait pu être obtenue lundi soir d'autres sources.

    La rébellion accuse par ailleurs les groupes progouvermentaux d'"user des moyens et de la logistique de l'Etat (malien pour) reconquérir des nouvelles positions", après l'accord de paix au Mali.

    La CMA et le Gatia font partie des signataires de ce document conclu à Alger, signé le 15 mai par le gouvernement malien et ses alliés, puis le 20 juin par la rébellion.

    Mardi, le Gatia avait dénoncé la zone de sécurité de l'ONU autour de Kidal.

    Le gouvernement malien avait semblé regretter la mesure, sans la condamner ouvertement. Il avait invité la Minusma "à rester dans son rôle de protection des populations, et de toutes les populations, dans toutes les zones exposées, à l'instar de Kidal, aux mêmes risques d'insécurité".

    "En la matière, tout traitement inéquitable produira des effets pervers nuisibles à la recherche de la paix et de la concorde", avait-il averti, sans plus de détails.

    ac-sd/mrb/cs/gkg

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | Wednesday 8/19/2015 - 22:44 GMT

    Mali's main Tuareg rebel group on Wednesday urged the United Nations to lift "all the security zones" set up in the country's north in response to deadly clashes between rival groups that have threatened to unravel a newly agreed peace deal.

    Three days of fighting between pro-government Tuareg militants and Tuareg rebels from the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA) prompted UN peacekeepers on Tuesday to install a 20-kilometre (12-mile) safe zone around the town of Kidal to protect civilians.

    The worst clashes took place on Monday as loyalist fighters from the Platform coalition seized control of Anefis, about 120 km south of the CMA stronghold of Kidal.

    In a statement, the CMA asked the UN mission in Mali (MINUSMA) to immediately remove "all the security zones established" and "let the different parties settle their differences".

    The group claimed that security zones had been installed in a number of northern towns and cities, although MINUSMA's announcement only mentioned the one around Kidal.

    The Platform alliance said 15 people were killed in the recent clashes, while a MINUSMA security source told AFP the unrest had left at least 10 dead.

    The Platform and CMA groups are both signatories to a peace deal that was finalised in June with the aim of ending decades of ethnic divisions and uprisings by Mali's Tuareg.

    An uprising by the traditionally nomadic people in 2012 allowed Al-Qaeda-linked militants to seize Mali's vast desert north for nearly 10 months, until they were ousted in a French-led military offensive in 2013.

    While the Malian government did not go so far as to outright criticise MINUSMA's move to create a security zone, it urged the peacekeeping mission on Tuesday to "stay within its role of protecting all the people in the exposed areas".

    "Any unfair treatment will produce adverse effects in the search for peace and harmony," it warned.

    ac-sd/mrb/cs/mfp/tm

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Mixed production prospects for 2015 crops

    • Prices of cereals increased seasonally but remained generally at low levels

    • Food security situation has sharply deteriorated in 2015 due to refugee influx and internal displacement


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    FAITS SAILLANTS

    • Evacuation de 8 staffs HCR non essentiel du bureau Bagasola suite à la situation de sécurité dans la région du Lac.

    • Les incidents qui se sont produits depuis quelques semaines dans la région, conduisent les populations de plusieurs villages et îles du Lac, à s’orienter vers les villes et endroits plus sûrs sur la terre ferme.

    • Une mission de monitoring de protection a eu lieu dans certains localités du Lac ayant identifié enregistré des 192 exactions dont le Boko Haram c’est l’acteur présumé de 44%


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    Source: Afrique Verte
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger

    Syntèse par pays

    Niger : début août la tendance générale des prix est à la stabilité voire à la baisse sur les marchés de l’Est du pays (Maradi, Zinder) pour les céréales sèches. Les baisses ont été enregistrées : i) pour le mil à Maradi (-6%), à Zinder (-5%) et à Niamey (-3%), ii) pour le sorgho à Maradi et Zinder (-6%) et enfin, iii) pour le maïs à Zinder (-11%) et à Maradi (-6%). Toutefois, des hausses ont été enregistrées particulièrement sur le marché de Dosso (+11% pour le maïs, +9% pour le mil et +2% pour le riz).

    Mali : début août, la tendance générale des prix des céréales est à la stabilité. Toutefois, quelques mouvements de hausse et de baisse ont été observés sur certains marchés. Les baisses ont été particulièrement enregistrées sur les marchés du nord : Mopti (-7% pour le riz local et -3% pour le sorgho et le maïs), Gao (-5% pour le mil et -3% pour le maïs) et Tombouctou (-3% pour le riz local et -2% pour le mil). Les hausses ont été enregistrées : i) pour le mil à Mopti (+3%), ii) pour le sorgho à Bamako (+6%), à Kayes et Sikasso (+3%), iii) pour le maïs à Bamako (+6%) et à Kayes (+3%), iv) pour le riz local à Sikasso (+8%) et à Bamako (+4%) et enfin, pour le riz importé à Sikasso (+3%).

    Burkina : début août, la tendance générale des prix est à la stabilité. Toutefois , des hausses ont été observées pour les céréales sèches : i) pour le mil à Dédougou (+9%), Tenkodogo et à Kongoussi (+3%), ii) pour le sorgho à Dédougou (+7%), à Bobo, Fada et Kongoussi (+3%), et iii) pour le maïs à Dédougou (+11%), à Bobo (+4%). Quelques baisses ont été enregistrées pour le mil à Ouagadougou (-3%), pour le sorgho et le maïs à Tenkodogo respectivement de -3% et de -6%. Le prix du riz est stable sur tous les marchés.


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    Source: IRIN
    Country: Mali

    BAMAKO, 19 August 2015 (IRIN) - More than eight weeks after a landmark peace accord between Mali’s Bamako government and a Tuareg-led rebel coalition brought hope of an end to years of unrest, little has been done to end the fighting and militancy is once again on the rise. In recent months, Mali has experienced some of the worst violence since international forces pushed Islamist militants out of their northern strongholds in January 2013. The upsurge included a high-profile attack by al-Qaeda-linked Islamists on a popular hotel frequented by UN officials that left 13 people dead.

    “Unfortunately, so far, there has been more celebration of the accord itself, than actual progress towards its implementation,” said Susanna Wing, an associate professor of political science at Haverford College in California. “There will need to be ongoing and steady steps towards implementation.”

    But, as Wing explained, the International Monitoring Committee of the Peace and Reconciliation agreement – to be chaired by Algeria and tasked with ensuring the accord is implemented – has yet to even nominate its members.

    See: Is Mali’s peace process in peril?

    Until the committee starts work, the accord is just signatures on paper. And even if the committee does become functional, peace is far from guaranteed, especially given the varied motivations within the Coordination of Azawad Movements (CMA), the diverse coalition of Tuareg rebel factions and Arab and Fulani separatist groups with whom the deal was brokered.

    “The peace deal's implementation can help tamp down some potential militancy and put aside a risk of continued clashes between CMA forces and pro-government militias as well as with the Malian government,” Andrew Lebovich, a researcher and visiting fellow with the European council on foreign relations, told IRIN. “But even a successful implementation of the accord will prompt groups to further fragment, which could further inflame tensions and lead to continued violence from all armed groups operating in the North.”

    In May, the International Crisis Group warned in a report that: “Mali is heading less toward lasting peace than toward a new phase of confrontations.”

    Violence on the rise

    In northern Mali, different militant factions have picked up not just the pace of attacks, but also the severity. Clusters that were previously scattered or pushed back by international forces have also regrouped. Since the beginning of the year, the attacks have spread to the centre of the country, and in June, to the south near the borders with Ivory Coast and Burkina Faso.

    While the presence of international forces has made it more difficult for armed groups to operate, attacks on both military and civilian targets have increased.

    Earlier this month, on 7 August, gunmen launched an audacious attack on a hotel in Sévaré, a garrison town 600 kilometres north of Bamako. The hostage crisis ended 24 hours later when Malian troops, reportedly backed by French special forces, stormed the building. Four soldiers, five militants and five UN workers – two Ukrainians, a Nepalese, a South African and a Malian – died. Islamist fighters with ties to al-Qaeda-linked group al-Mourabitoun claimed responsibility for the attack.

    At least 20 CMA “separatists” were reportedly killed earlier this week by a pro-government militia during three days of fighting in the north’s Kidal region.

    Following the attacks, the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, MINUSMA, set up a 20-kilometre “safety zone” around the town of Kidal on 18 August to try to restore peace.

    A lost cause?

    The optimism many Malians felt after international forces first liberated northern towns in 2013, and again following the signing of the peace accord in June, has now faded.

    See: Hopes for reconciliation – the view from Timbuktu

    It has been replaced by considerable doubt over the warring parties’ commitment to peace. The UN-brokered accord only briefly mentions subjects like access to education, jobs or justice, issues that are important to many northerners and fundamental to lasting progress.

    “Prioritising security overshadows the need to restore the state’s social function across the Malian territory,” Bruce Whitehouse, associate professor of anthropology at Lehigh University, said.

    Throughout northern Mali, basic social services and government institutions have yet to be restored and are unlikely to resume as long as the fighting continues.

    An estimated three million people don't have enough to eat, according to the United Nations and Mali officials.

    And differences remain, even over the agreement itself. Many separatists are unhappy that although it calls for the creation of elected regional assemblies, it stops short of autonomy or federalism, a long-time rebel demand.

    “The MNLA, the Azawad Liberation Movement, itself is divided over the new accord,” Wing said. “While the Malian government was clear that territorial integrity was non-negotiable, the autonomy of the north remains a goal for some….There will be no peace unless all parties agree to peace.”

    kh/jl/ag


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    CHAD

    FIVE PEOPLE KILLED IN AN ATTACK IN THE LAKE REGION

    On 12 August, suspected Boko Haram militants attacked the village of Koyorame in the Lake region. Five people were killed, including two refugees. Due to insecurity, new displacements are still being reported in the area. In the past week, hundreds of people have settled in Walerom after having walked for two weeks, fleeing the attack of their village in Nigeria. As of 14 August, there are 11 new IDP sites in the Lake region, hosting over 40,000 people.

    MALI NEW FIGHTING IN THE NORTH

    The June peace deal between armed groups in northern Mali was breached in the past week when fighting broke out, killing an unconfirmed number of people.
    Reports indicate that fighting took place sporadically over the weekend 120 km south of Kidal nearby a known trafficking route.

    NIGERIA

    150 PEOPLE KILLED IN ATTACK

    Reports indicate that up to 150 people drowned in a river or were shot dead fleeing Boko Haram gunmen who raided a remote village in Nigeria's northeastern Yobe state last Thursday. Protection of civilians and access remain key challenges. And to improve humanitarian access in the north UNHAS flights have been introduced.

    CONTINUING DISPLACEMENT DUE TO ESCALATING VIOLENCE

    On 14 August, UNHCR expressed its concern about the escalating violence in and around Nigeria and its impact on the situation of Nigerian refugees in surrounding host countries, referring to the thousands of people who have been deported or returned to Nigeria from Cameroon and Chad in July and August. The agency reminds governments of their duty to protect asylum-seekers fleeing human rights violations, and to respect the principle of non-refoulement (non-return).

    FLOODS/ REGIONAL

    BURKINA FASO

    Since the start of the rainy season in June, floods and strong winds have been causing severe damage in seven of Burkina Faso’s 13 regions. As of 12 August, eight people have been killed, 54 wounded and 24,354 people affected by flooding and strong winds. Of the affected 2,428 are displaced and being sheltered in schools.

    NIGER

    At least four people have died and more than 20,000 have been affected by floods in Niger caused by weeks of heavy rain. In Niamey local authorities have warned residents living near the Niger River to leave their homes because of the high risk of floods.

    EVD REGIONAL

    ONE CASE IN GUINEA, NO NEW CASES IN LIBERIA & SIERRA LEONE

    Ebola remains active in Guinea, with one confirmed case over the week and over 500 contacts being tracked. Sierra Leone has reported zero new infections for a string of 10 days. It is the first time since the beginning of the Ebola outbreak in March 2014 that no new cases have been reported for a week. Around 81 contacts remain under quarantine. Meanwhile Liberia is inching toward arriving at becoming once again WHO certified as Ebola-free after having no new cases for more than 35 days.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Chad, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    TCHAD

    CINQ MORTS DANS UNE ATTAQUE

    Le 12 août, des militants présumés de Boko Haram ont attaqué le village de Koyorame dans la région du lac Tchad. Cinq personnes ont été tuées, dont deux réfugiés. En raison de l'insécurité, de nouveaux déplacements sont encore signalés dans la région. Au cours de la dernière semaine, des centaines de personnes se sont installées à Walerom après avoir marché pendant deux semaines, fuyant l'attaque de leur village au Nigeria. En date du 14 Août, il y a 11 nouveaux sites de personnes déplacées dans la région du lac, hébergeant plus de 40.000 personnes.

    MALI

    NOUVEAUX AFFRONTEMENTS DANS LE NORD

    L’accord de paix signé au mois de juin entre des groupes armés dans le nord du Mali a été interrompu la semaine dernière lorsque les combats ont éclaté, tuant un nombre indéterminé de personnes. Les rapports indiquent que les combats ont eu lieu de façon sporadique au cours du week-end 120 km au sud de Kidal.

    NIGERIA

    150 TUÉS DANS UNE ATTAQUE

    Des sources médiatiques indiquent qu’au moins 150 personnes se sont noyées dans une rivière ou ont été abattus fuyant des hommes armés de Boko Haram qui ont attaqué un village qui situé dans l'état de Yobe au nord du Nigeria jeudi dernier. La protection des civils et l'accès restent les principaux défis. Des vols UNHAS ont débuté afin d’améliorer l'accès humanitaire dans le nord du pays.

    LES DÉPLACEMENTS SE POURSUIVENT

    Le 14 Août, le HCR a exprimé son inquiétude à propos de l'escalade de la violence dans et autour du Nigeria et son impact sur la situation des réfugiés nigérians dans les pays d'accueil environnants, se référant à des milliers de personnes qui ont été expulsés ou sont retournés au Nigeria du Cameroun et du Tchad en juillet et en août. L'agence rappelle également aux gouvernements qu’il est de leur devoir de protéger les demandeurs d'asile fuyant les violations des droits de l'homme, et de respecter le principe de non-refoulement.

    INONDATIONS / REGIONAL

    BURKINA FASO

    Depuis le début de la saison des pluies en juin, les inondations et les vents violents ont causé de graves dommages dans sept des 13 régions du Burkina Faso. En date du 12 août, huit personnes ont été tuées, 54 blessés et 24 354 personnes touchées. Des personnes touchées 2 428 sont déplacées et on trouvé abri dans des écoles.

    NIGER

    Au moins quatre personnes sont mortes et plus de 20 000 personnes ont été touchées par les inondations au Niger suite à des semaines de fortes pluies. A Niamey les autorités locales ont conseillé aux habitants vivant à proximité du fleuve Niger de quitter leurs foyers en raison du risque élevé d'inondations.

    EVD REGIONAL UN CAS EN GUINÉE, PAS DE NOUVEAU CAS AU LIBERIA ET EN SIERRA LEONE

    Ebola reste actif en Guinée, avec un cas confirmé au cours de la semaine et plus de 500 contacts en cours de suivi. La Sierra Leone n’a signalé aucune nouvelle infection depuis dix jours. Il s’agit de la première fois depuis le début de l'épidémie d'Ebola en mars 2014 qu’aucun nouveau cas en une semaine n’a été signalé. Environ 81 contacts sont en quarantaine. Le Libéria n’ayant eu aucun nouveau cas depuis plus de 35 jours sera certifié libre d’Ebola par l’OMS si aucun nouveau cas n’est déclaré.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    (Bamako, 19 août 2015) – À l’occasion de la Journée mondiale de l’aide humanitaire, célébrée le 19 août chaque année, les partenaires humanitaires au Mali joignent leur voix à tous ceux et celles dans le monde qui appellent à un monde plus humain. Le thème de l’édition 2015 de cette journée internationale est « Inspirer l’humanité !» Il vise à célébrer l'esprit qui guide l'action humanitaire et à rendre hommage aux travailleurs humanitaires héroïques qui ont payé de leur vie pour aider les autres.

    Aujourd’hui, des dizaines de millions de personnes à travers le monde luttent au quotidien pour survivre à l'impact des catastrophes naturelles, des conflits, des déplacements, de la faim ou des maladies. Le Sahel n’est malheureusement pas épargné. La région compte 25 millions de personnes en situation d’insécurité alimentaire – dont 4,5 millions en besoin d’assistance immédiate – 5,8 millions d’enfants malnutris et plus de 3,7 millions de personnes ayant dû fuir leur foyer en raison des conflits.

    Au Mali, des milliers de travailleurs humanitaires œuvrent jour après jour à porter secours aux millions de personnes touchées par la crise. Ils travaillent dans des conditions parfois difficiles face à l’insécurité qui affecte certaines zones du pays. Depuis l’éclatement du conflit en 2012, trois sont morts en service et des dizaines d’autres ont été blessés ou ont subi diverses formes de violence.

    « En cette solennelle occasion, j’invite au nom du Président de la République et du Gouvernement, tous les Maliens à rendre hommage au courage et au dévouement des travailleurs humanitaires d’ici et d’ailleurs et à s’inspirer de leur engagement envers l’humanité», a déclaré le Ministre de la Solidarité, de l’Action Humanitaire et de la Reconstruction du Nord, M. Hamadoun Konaté. « Je rends également hommage à tous nos compatriotes pour leur esprit de solidarité et d’entraide qui nous a permis de transcender les épreuves difficiles que notre pays a connues ces dernières années et qui nous donne la force de bâtir un Mali prospère et uni.»

    D’importants progrès ont été réalisés au Mali pour rétablir les services sociaux de base dans les zones touchées par la crise. Cependant, il faut encore combler de nombreux besoins en matière de sécurité alimentaire, de nutrition, de protection et d’accès à l’eau, la santé et l’éducation. Les moyens de subsistances des communautés restent par ailleurs affaiblis. En appui au Gouvernement, la communauté humanitaire a élaboré un plan de réponse de 377 millions de dollars (USD) pour répondre aux besoins identifiés en 2015. À ce jour, seuls 34 pour cent de ces ressources ont pu être mobilisées.

    « Le nombre de personnes ayant besoin d’aide en raison des crises et catastrophes dans le monde a presque doublé en 10 ans. Les ressources disponibles pour assurer la réponse humanitaire atteignent leur limite », a souligné la Coordonnatrice Humanitaire au Mali, Mme Mbaranga Gasarabwe. « Pour relever ce défi, avec les organisations humanitaires au Mali, le Gouvernement et les partenaires de développement, nous devons redoubler d’efforts pour accroitre la synergie de nos actions; afin de sauver des vies, en répondant aux besoins urgents, tout en renforçant dès aujourd’hui la capacité de résilience des personnes vulnérables », a-t-elle ajouté.

    Face à l’ampleur des crises humanitaires aux quatre coins de la planète, chaque jour qui passe nous rappelle l’urgence d’insuffler un plus grand sens de la responsabilité à l'autre et un sens de la citoyenneté mondiale. Pour ce faire, l’ONU et ses partenaires ont lancé la campagne digitale #Sharehumanity ou « Inspirer l’humanité »; en partageant les histoires des personnes touchées par les crises, et pour que leur force et leur humanité nous inspire tous, cette campagne nous incite à participer à l’avènement d'un monde plus humain.

    Cette campagne marque aussi le début du décompte d’ici au premier Sommet humanitaire mondial (WHS) prévu à Istanbul en mai 2016. Ce Sommet, lancé par le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon – une première du genre – sera l’occasion pour les chefs d'État, les acteurs privés, la société civile et les communautés affectées de se réunir pour chercher des solutions aux énormes défis humanitaires d'aujourd'hui et de demain.


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    Source: Government of Norway
    Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Norway, Yemen

    Press release | Published: 2015-08-19

    'World Humanitarian Day is an important reminder that we are living in dramatic times. The world is experiencing large-scale humanitarian crises, and 60 million people have been forced to flee from their homes. Today, I am pleased to announce that Norway will provide a further NOK 50 million for Yemen and a number of forgotten crises,' Foreign Minister Børge Brende said.

    World Humanitarian Day was established by the UN to draw attention to humanitarian crises and to highlight the tremendous efforts made by aid workers in the face of adversity and danger throughout the world.

    Aid efforts for Yemen are seriously underfunded. More than 21 million Yemeni people – some 80 % of the population – are dependent on humanitarian aid, but only 18 % of the amount called for in the UN appeal for emergency relief has been provided.

    'The Government is providing an additional NOK 20 million in aid to Yemen. If the international community fails to provide humanitarian aid, Yemen is one of the vulnerable states with vast humanitarian needs where a large-scale refugee crisis could quickly develop,' said Mr Brende. Not all serious crises receive equal attention.

    'There are serious humanitarian crises in a number of countries that are not receiving the attention they deserve. The situation in the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo or the Sahel, where more than 28 million people are in need of humanitarian aid, shows how urgently help is needed. The Government is today providing NOK 30 million in aid to help alleviate forgotten humanitarian crises,' Mr Brende said.

    The funds for Yemen and forgotten crises will be channelled through Norwegian and international NGOs, the International Committee of the Red Cross and the UN.

    World Humanitarian Day is held on 19 August because it was on this day in 2003 that the UN headquarters in Baghdad was bombed and 22 people, most of them UN personnel, lost their lives.


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    Source: Emirates News Agency
    Country: Niger

    Ajman, 19th August, 2015 (WAM) – Human Appeal International (HAI) announced that it had commissioned a fresh water station in Magaria Department of Zinder region in Niger.

    Abdullah Al Awadi, Assistant HAI Secretary-General for Administrative and Financial Affairs, said during the inauguration ceremony that the AED282,000 project will benefit 1,000 people, mostly women, children, the elderly and the disabled.

    ''We were keen to operate the station with solar power as part of our commitment to sustainability standards,'' he added.

    An official at the Department lauded the important role the UAE is playing in developing sustainable development projects that bring stability and make life easier for villagers.

    The Ajman-based HAI was honoured during the ceremony.


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Since May 2013, violent insurgencies by Boko Haram have led to widespread displacement and an escalating humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad region. According to UNHCR figures, nearly 1.4 million people have been internally displaced in north-east Nigeria alone, and approximately 170,000 people have fled to neighbouring Cameroon (56,000), Chad (14,000) and Niger (100,000). At least 1,300 people have died so far this year.

    Many of the casualties include children, and several cases of abduction and sexual abuse of women and girls have also been reported. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) have been seeking refuge and basic services among local communities, which already had scarce resources.

    MSF has deployed medical teams to assist the displaced and local populations in the four affected countries. Insecurity remains the main obstacle to operate safely, while the rainy season is now bringing additional logistical challenges.

    NIGERIA

    Borno State remains the epicentre of the current conflict and the situation continues to be extremely volatile and tense. Random attacks occur regularly, mostly targeting civilians. “Boko Haram attacked our village at night, around 10 pm,” recalls Fatima, 45 years old. “Armed men entered the houses and burnt them down. Many people were killed. My sister was kidnapped, and I haven’t heard from her since. We fled into the forest and walked for 24 hours until we found a road and transport to Maiduguri.”

    Around 400,000 people live today in Maiduguri, Borno State’s capital. Many of them are supported by local communities, while approximately 80,000 are gathered in 15 camps around the city. “There are twelve of us living in a tent, with no other choice,” tells Aisha, a 55 year-old displaced women at the Federal Training Centre (FTC) camp. “The canvas is torn and inside it is full of dust and insects. Everything gets wet when it rains.”

    MSF has opened three primary health care clinics, covering around 35,000 people. The organisation also runs a 72-bed hospital in Maimusari, which includes a 12-bed maternity unit and 60 beds for paediatrics, nutrition and intensive care. Regular donations are also made to local hospitals in order for them to deal with mass casualties following bomb attacks.

    CAMEROON

    In Cameroon, the security situation along the border with Nigeria remains volatile, with regular incursions and attacks by Boko Haram. Refugees continue to arrive on a daily basis in the camp established by national authorities in the Extreme North region. Two suicide bombings occurred in the city of Maroua on 22 July and 25 July, generating a large number of casualties. MSF provided support to local health authorities to treat the wounded.

    “Boko Haram fighters attacked our village in the middle of the night,” says Esther, 24, from Nigeria. “They killed several people including my father and one of my sisters. We tried to flee, but they attacked us again while we were on the road. My mother and my sister had to stay behind. I hope I will find them one day. I arrived in Cameroon with my 9-month old daughter and my 14-year old sister after walking for two days.”

    Some 45,000 refugees currently live in Minawao camp where MSF collaborates with national authorities and other humanitarian agencies to provide primary health care, water and treatment for malnutrition. MSF today provides 55 percent of the water in the camp and is carrying out more than 2,300 medical consultations monthly.

    “We are seeing an increasing number of admissions to our malnutrition treatment programme,” says Hassan Maiyaki, MSF Head of Mission in Cameroon. “We are reinforcing our support to the intensive therapeutic feeding centre in Mokolo District Hospital where we offer paediatric and nutritional care to refugees, IDPs and the local population.”

    MSF is also present in Kousseri, at the border with Chad, where tens of thousands of IDPs are scattered around the city. To respond to their needs, MSF teams are providing surgical support to the hospital and are also starting paediatric care to treat malnutrition and malaria.

    CHAD

    In Chad, insecurity in the Lake region showed a marked increase in July. Attacks by Boko Haram became more frequent and in response, the Chadian military has expanded its presence in the area. An estimated 40,000 have been displaced in the last two weeks alone, and people are gathering in various makeshift sites in Baga Sola and Bol districts. “The other day I heard some shots being fired in the nearby village and I fled with my wife and my 8 children,” recounts Mahamad, 57. “Many of us had our house burned down, and I am lucky no one I know was killed. But we only have enough food to eat once per day.”

    MSF has been working since March in the region and is running mobile clinics near Baga Sola while supporting the Chadian Ministry of Health in Tchoukoutalia. Teams are also providing mental health care in the Dar Es Salam refugee camp in Baga Sola, home to around 7,000 refugees from Nigeria and Niger, according to official figures. In response to the latest wave of displacement, MSF has commenced a mobile clinic in Yakoua and will soon begin one in Koulkimé.

    “Women and children are particularly vulnerable in this situation, and medical needs in general are high,” says Federica Alberti, Head of Mission for MSF in Chad. “Some pregnant women have walked several kilometres in searing heat to seek medical attention. People are living without proper shelter, and do not have access to food or clean drinking water. Due to the harsh living conditions and the rainy season, we are already treating patients with diarrhoea, malaria and respiratory infections as well as malnourished children.”

    In the capital N'djamena, MSF supported Ministry of Health hospitals following suicide bomb attacks that took place on 15 June and 11 July. Since April, MSF has been training Ministry of Health staff on management of mass casualties, in order to help increase the national capacity to respond to emergency scenarios.

    NIGER

    In southeast Niger, the already fragile humanitarian situation has been aggravated by the escalation of the ongoing conflict and the consequent waves of people escaping the violence. The living conditions of this displaced and refugee population – who have little access to healthcare, safe water and sanitation facilities – are critical. The situation could deteriorate further during the ‘hunger gap’ period, when community food stocks are drastically reduced between harvests. This year, the combined effect of violence and restrictive measures is affecting normal trade and making food even scarcer. Moreover, the rainy season is now causing an increase in water-borne diseases such as malaria and diarrhoea that, combined with malnutrition, are particularly dangerous for young children.

    To improve access to healthcare, MSF is supporting the main maternal and paediatric medical centre in Diffa city as well as six health centres in the districts of Diffa, Nguigmi and Bosso. In parallel, MSF is running mobile clinics inside two IDP camps in the Diffa region, carrying out water and sanitation activities and distributing 25,000 mosquito nets.

    Around Diffa, MSF teams are now assisting approximately 28,000 refugees recently arrived from Nigeria in Chetimari, Gagamari, and Assaga. Local health facilities are overwhelmed and access to water and sanitation is often insufficient. Since beginning of the activities, MSF has carried out more than 30,000 consultations, including around 20,000 for children under five.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    DEVELOPPEMENTS MAJEURS

    • Le Président nigérian, Muhamadu Buhari, a effectué une visite d’amitié et de travail les 29 et 30 juillet au Cameroun. Au centre des préoccupations exprimées lors de la rencontre qu’il a eu avec son homologue camerounais figurait la question de la lutte contre Boko Haram. Au terme de cette visite, les deux chefs d’Etat ont exprimé leur engagement mutuel dans l’intensification de la lutte contre la secte terroriste qui constitue une menace pour la stabilité de la sous-région. Ils ont également annoncé un renforcement significatif de la coopération bilatérale dans les domaines de la santé, l’agriculture, l’éducation, le commerce, l’énergie, les infrastructures, l’environnement, la forêt, l’eau, etc.

    • Une réunion extraordinaire de l’Equipe de Gestion de la Sécurité s’est tenue le 27 Juillet pour faire le point de la situation sécuritaire à Maroua et a décidé entre autres mesures: la relocalisation du staff non essentiel à Yaoundé, la révision du Niveau de Sécurité (SLS) et du Niveau de la Menace (STA) pour Maroua, le renforcement de l’équipe de sécurité des Nations Unies à Maroua, etc. C’est ainsi que les agences des Nations Unies, ont procédé à la relocalisation de leur personnel non essentiel de Maroua vers d’autres bureaux au Cameroun.

    • Suite aux attaques kamikazes et aux mesures sécuritaires en vigueur, les éléments de sécurité du camp, en étroite collaboration avec le HCR, ont procédé à la fouille des abris communautaires où les refugies étaient soupçonné de détenir des armes. Au terme de cette opération, aucune arme n’a été trouvée.


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Tens of thousands of people in northern Cameroon are in need of humanitarian aid after fleeing attacks by Boko Haram in neighbouring Nigeria, says Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) today. MSF teams are scaling up their assistance to the refugees and to local communities.

    Between 100 and 200 refugees from Nigeria arrive each day in Minawao camp in north Cameroon, which is already sheltering some 45,000 Nigerians, according to official figures. Some 90,000 Cameroonians from the area bordering Nigeria have also been forced to flee their homes, as incursions and violent attacks by Boko Haram continue unabated.

    “Boko Haram burned our house and took all our cows and belongings,” says Samuel, 45, from Nigeria. “They kidnapped my wife and two of my children and held them in one of their jails. My wife managed to escape and is trying to join me in Minawao, but I don’t have any news of my children. I don’t even know if they are still alive.”

    Weeks or months after being forced to flee, many of the refugees and displaced people are extremely vulnerable, with insufficient food, shelter and access to medical care.

    The poor living conditions pose additional health risks in a region often stricken by food insecurity, and where access to medical care is limited. As the rainy season sets in, MSF teams are seeing increasing numbers of patients with malaria. With people unable to plant or harvest crops after fleeing their homes, there has been a significant rise in admissions to MSF’s nutrition programmes in recent months. The number of children treated at MSF’s intensive therapeutic feeding centre in Mokolo has more than tripled since May.

    “The rise in admissions is a first warning sign,” says MSF head of mission Hassan Maiyaki. “To respond to the increasing needs, we are reinforcing our capacity to treat malnourished children at the hospital in Mokolo, and we are also starting to offer intensive nutritional care at the hospital in Kousseri.”

    Cholera is endemic in Cameroon, with outbreaks occurring almost every year, but the refugees are particularly at risk due to overcrowding and limited access to clean water in Minawao camp. On 18 August, MSF teams began a month-long mass vaccination campaign to protect some 58,000 Nigerian refugees and Cameroonians living in and around Minawao against the waterborne disease, in collaboration with the Ministry of Health. The 28 eight-person teams will also vaccinate some 14,600 women of childbearing age against tetanus and will screen all children under the age of five for acute malnutrition.

    Minawao camp is situated in a desert-like region where water is scarce. MSF currently provides some 55 percent of the camp’s overall water supply by trucking water from the town of Mokolo, some 40 km away. Refugees in the camp currently have an average of 16 litres per person per day, but the constant arrival of refugees from Nigeria means that increasing quantities of water are needed.

    MSF started working in Cameroon in 1984. In the north of the country, MSF teams currently provide basic healthcare, malnutrition treatment and mental health services in Minawao camp; paediatric care and intensive therapeutic feeding at Mokolo district hospital; and surgical support and nutritional and paediatric care at the regional hospital in Kousseri. MSF also provided support to local health authorities to treat the wounded following two suicide bombings in Maroua in July 2015. In Batouri, eastern Cameroon, MSF provides malnutrition treatment for refugees from Central African Republic and the local population. MSF currently has 574 staff in Cameroon, bot


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Interview with Ahmad Samro, MSF's Project Manager in Niger

    Nearly 28,000 people have recently taken refuge in the Diffa region in Niger after fleeing attacks by Boko Haram. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is expanding its medical activities and is taking measures to improve the health situation in the two newest settlements. Ahmad Samro, project manager for MSF, describes the situation in Diffa.

    What are the living conditions like for those who have recently arrived in the Diffa region?

    There has been a constant flow of people arriving in Diffa over the past three months. Today, the authorities estimate that around 11,000 people are living in Assaga, around fifteen kilometres east of Diffa. The families fled Nigeria in May, leaving everything behind while Boko Haram reduced their village to ashes. The refugees are now entirely dependent on humanitarian aid. While they have quickly built huts, and some have received plastic tarpaulins and other essential supplies, most do not have access to drinking water, and the hygiene conditions are appalling.

    Around 25 kilometres west of Diffa, around 17,000 refugees have recently settled between Chetimari and Gagamari. The families arriving there had fled the Nigerian village of Damasak when the Nigerian and Chadian troops withdrew in mid-July. They left out of fear of being attacked by Boko Haram. Unlike in Assaga, some of the refugees managed to take their personal belongings with them, and they have access to services and shops in the village. They have also received some tarpaulins and essential relief items, but this mass influx of people is placing a huge strain on the local communities. The health centre in Chetimari, which is the only one in the area, is completely overwhelmed. It does not have the necessary human resources or sufficient medication to take care of thousands of additional people. Healthcare there is not free, a major obstacle for the most vulnerable.

    How is MSF helping these refugees?

    In Assaga, we have started installing drinking water tanks so that the women no longer have to queue for hours at water points in the sun and rain. We are also going to build latrines and showers, set up hand-washing points, areas for washing clothes and dishes, and a system of waste collection and management. This is essential to ensure good hygiene conditions. The rainy season is just starting, which brings a risk of an increase in water-borne diseases. We are also conducting awareness campaigns to promote good hygiene practices.

    To ease the burden on the health centre in Chetimari, we are providing basic health care to refugees and local residents from a health outpost located between Chetimari and Gagamari.

    We opened just a few days ago, but are already providing more than 60 consultations a day, half of which are for children under five. The main complaints we are dealing with are respiratory infections, diarrhoea and malnutrition.

    Has the rainy season already had an impact on the health of the refugees?

    The rainy season has just begun and already our medical teams are seeing a rise in the number of diarrhoeal illnesses and respiratory infections, typical during this time. In Niger, the rainy season not only coincides with the malaria peak, but also with the ‘hunger gap’ and therefore with a peak in malnutrition. At this time of year, food stocks from the previous year start to run low before this year’s harvests have even begun, and there is now a shortage of food.

    Unfortunately, it is children who are most vulnerable to malaria and malnutrition, a dangerous combination. We are carefully monitoring children’s nutritional status, and refer malnourished children to treatment centres. We are also keeping a close eye on the epidemiological situation in the area.

    MSF is supporting the mother and child centre in Diffa city and six health centres in Diffa, Nguigmi and Bosso districts. Since January, MSF has conducted more than 30,000 medical consultations, around 20,000 of which were for children under five. More than 450 patients were also admitted to the mother and child centre in Diffa.

    Currently, 55 international and 675 national staff are working for MSF in the Diffa region.

    MSF has been working in Niger since 2005.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Chad, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Togo, World

    Poorly distributed rainfall in West and East Africa likely to exacerbate conditions

    Africa Weather Hazards

    1. Widespread, heavy rain during the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of Mali, Burkina Faso, and Niger. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, maintaining elevated risks for flooding over many areas.

    2. The early end of rainfall in southern Ghana, Togo, and Benin has increased moisture deficits and negatively impacted crops. Limited rain is forecast along the Gulf of Guinea during the next week, which is likely to sustain moisture deficits.

    3. Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan during the next week, heightening risks for flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.

    4. A delayed onset and general lack of rainfall has resulted in abnormal dryness across parts of central and eastern Sudan, northern Ethiopia, and southern Eritrea. An increase in rainfall is expected along the Sudan-Eritrea-Ethiopia borders during the next week, which should help reduce deficits.

    5. Despite some increase in rainfall over the past few weeks, the much delayed start to the rainfall season has resulted in drought, which has severely impacted ground conditions and led to livestock deaths across parts of north-central and eastern Ethiopia.


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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo

    Key Points

    • The pastoral lean season continues despite improved rainfall in end of July 2015 in the pastoral zone.
    • The agricultural campaign is off to a slow start due to a persistent lack of rainfall in the Sahel.
    • The prolonged conflict and civil insecurity in Nigeria and Mali continue to cause population movements. - The FAO index of food prices worldwide is at its lowest level since six years.

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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, United States of America

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Boko Haram attacks increase significantly across Lake Chad basin

    • New Nigerian president tasks military with defeating Boko Haram in three-months

    • Nearly 1.4 million people remain displaced in northeastern Nigeria

    KEY DEVELOPMENTS

    • Ongoing Boko Haram attacks continue to displace populations in northeastern Nigeria and neighboring countries. As of June, nearly 1.4 million people in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe states remained internally displaced, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) reports.

    • On August 13, Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari announced a three-month deadline to end Boko Haram’s insurgency in Nigeria. The order—issued during the oath ceremony for his newly appointed military chiefs—called on Government of Nigeria (GoN) military forces to coordinate with counterparts in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger and to uphold the principles of international law during counter-insurgency operations.

    • The Nigeria Humanitarian Country Team (HCT)—comprising UN, international organization, and non-governmental organization (NGO) representatives—recently released a 90-day plan, based on the 2015 Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for Nigeria, to increase humanitarian efforts across seven response sectors in northeastern Nigeria. Although spanning only the period of June‒August, the $30.2 million plan is envisioned as the first phase of an ongoing plan and will guide subsequent iterations.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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