Are you the publisher? Claim or contact us about this channel


Embed this content in your HTML

Search

Report adult content:

click to rate:

Account: (login)

More Channels


Showcase


Channel Catalog


Channel Description:

ReliefWeb - Updates

older | 1 | .... | 225 | 226 | (Page 227) | 228 | 229 | .... | 728 | newer

    0 0

    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Sudan
    preview


    Syria: Violence continues with government forces shelling areas recently gained by opposition fighters in Lattakia province, along the western Turkish border. In the northeast, aid convoys have crossed from Turkey, enabling relief agencies to deliver assistance to communities in need at the border area. In a further political development, the Turkish government stated its readiness to launch cross-border military operations in Syria if its national security was threatened.

    Iraq: The situation in Anbar province remains tense as clashes continue between anti-government fighters and Iraqi forces near the city of Fallujah, west of the capital. The violence is causing further displacement in the province and areas nearby in Nineveh, Salah al Din, and Diyala. To date, fighting has displaced up to 400,000 people and local sources have reported that 336 Iraqi civilians have been killed since January 2014.

    Central African Republic: A new wave of violence in Bangui since 21 March has already reached a provisional civilian death toll of 64. OCHA reported that as of 28 March there were an estimated 625,000 IDPs, including over 200,000 in Bangui, the first reported increase in IDPs for several weeks. As of late March, observers noted heightened Seleka and anti-balaka activism, and the increased targeting of international peacekeepers by armed groups.

    Guinea: An outbreak of Ebola virus – which is suspected to have infected 122 people and killed – has reached the capital Conakry. Another dozen cases in neighbouring Sierra Leone and Liberia are also suspected to be linked to Ebola, causing fears that the highly contagious disease could spread further across the region. Senegal has closed its southern land border with Guinea.

    Last Update: 01/04/2014 Next Update 08/04/2014

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


    0 0

    Source: IRIN
    Country: Mali

    BAMAKO, 1 avril 2014 (IRIN) - Les Maliens déplacés, de retour chez eux dans le nord du pays, disent être confrontés à des difficultés économiques, car leur commerce, leur bétail, ainsi que les autres moyens de subsistance ont été détruits. D'autre part, les personnes toujours déplacées affirment avoir surtout besoin d'une aide financière.

    Le conflit dans le nord du Mali après le renversement du gouvernement à Bamako en 2012 et l'occupation des islamistes radicaux ont forcé des centaines de milliers de personnes à fuir vers le sud ou vers les pays voisins. Plus d'un an après l'intervention des forces françaises pour déloger les insurgés islamistes, les habitants du nord du Mali retournent progressivement chez eux, mais ils ont du mal à reconstruire leurs vies.

    Selon l'Organisation internationale des migrations (OIM), depuis juin 2013, près de 196 000 personnes sont retournées dans le Nord, notamment à Tombouctou et à Gao. Le gouvernement a également aidé certains déplacés à rentrer chez eux en organisant des transports routiers et maritimes. À leur retour, les familles reçoivent trois mois de réserves alimentaires.

    D'après Bakary Doumbia, chef de mission de l'OIM au Mali, beaucoup ont sous-estimé le nombre de personnes déplacées qui rentrent chez elles ces jours-ci et il est nécessaire d'accélérer l'aide à apporter pour les aider à reconstruire leurs vies.

    « Si nous ne réorientons pas nos efforts au Nord, ceux qui sont rentrés risquent de partir une nouvelle fois. Nous craignons un deuxième déplacement », a déclaré à IRIN M. Doumbia. En 2012 et en 2013, a-t-il rappelé, les bailleurs de fonds ont concentré leurs efforts dans le sud du Mali, car l'accès au nord du pays était difficile.

    La plupart de ceux qui sont rentrés ont perdu leurs moyens de subsistance. Beaucoup ont vu leurs vies voler en éclats et se retrouvent démunis dans des maisons endommagées.

    « Tous leurs besoins sont prioritaires. Ils repartent à zéro ; ils manquent d'eau courante, d'électricité, d'ustensiles, de meubles, etc. et doivent encore retrouver une vie économique et sociale », a expliqué Mamaoutou Thiam, conseiller technique auprès du ministère du Travail et des Affaires sociales et humanitaires.

    Le conflit a bouleversé l'économie du nord du Mali. Les commerçants et les investisseurs ont fui, ce qui a bloqué l'approvisionnement des marchés. Il y a eu une paralysie des banques et des autres services publics, une destruction des biens, ainsi qu'une forte hausse des prix alimentaires

    « Il est très difficile pour l'économie de la région du Nord de rattraper son retard tout en se relevant du type de crise qu'elle a traversé. Tout a été perdu, les commerces ont été pillés, les banques saccagées et les transports paralysés. L'économie a rapidement été anéantie », a déclaré Mamadou Sidibé, un économiste du pays.

    « Le gouvernement a pris des mesures pour la reprise des services publics. Les banques rouvrent progressivement. les personnes déplacées reviennent petit à petit, mais les commerçants attendent que les conditions de sécurité s'améliorent. La reprise économique n'est pas pour demain », a-t-il conclu.

    En juillet 2013, le gouvernement a lancé une initiative visant à inciter les fonctionnaires à retourner dans le nord en leur offrant une prime de 500 dollars pour le transport et leur réinstallation. L'objectif est de relancer les services publics.

    Problèmes de crédit

    Adama Maiga est un tailleur originaire de Gao qui a récemment quitté Bamako pour rentrer chez lui. Il a déclaré : « j'ai besoin d'une deuxième machine à coudre, mais je n'ai pas d'argent. Je continue d'en demander aux bonnes âmes, aux autorités locales, aux ONG [organisations non gouvernementales] qui promettent de l'aide, mais je n'ai rien reçu pour l'instant. Je dépends uniquement du peu que j'arrive à vendre ; des vêtements pour femmes et enfants. Voilà ce que j'essaye de reconstruire petit à petit ».

    Cependant, le maire de Gao, Sadou Diallo, a affirmé qu'il y avait quelques signes encourageants de reprise économique et que les autorités locales cherchaient des solutions pour inciter les habitants et les commerçants à revenir.

    « Il y a une légère amélioration. Nous avons lancé une vaste campagne de sensibilisation pour attirer les habitants et les commerçants. Nous avons même renoncé à prélever certaines taxes pour stimuler le commerce et encourager les investissements. Nous avons aussi appelé les banques à revenir », a dit à IRIN M. Diallo.

    Les licences commerciales sont suspendues jusqu'à la reprise des opérations du service de recouvrement des recettes et des impôts. Les taxes pour les propriétaires de stands et de boutiques ont aussi été supprimées, a affirmé M. Diallo.

    À Tombouctou, Hama Diombana est commerçant de poissons et explique les difficultés auxquelles il est confronté pour relancer son activité commerciale qui a fait faillite quand il a dû s'enfuir à Bamako.

    « J'essaye en vain de relancer mon entreprise. La chaîne de valeur s'est rompue. Je tourne en rond depuis huit mois. Je voulais emprunter de l'argent à la banque, mais pour cela, il me faut des garanties. Que puis-je faire ? », a demandé M. Diombana, expliquant qu'il avait récemment emprunté 500 000 francs [CFA, soit 1 000 dollars] à un autre commerçant, mais qu'il lui faut entre 3 et 5 millions de francs pour relancer son activité commerciale.

    D'après l'OIM, les difficultés économiques du Nord ont poussé certains à s'installer dans le Sud. Plus de 1 000 familles ont déménagé dans le Sud en décembre 2013, la plupart ont évoqué comme raison des problèmes financiers causés par le conflit. D'autres personnes sont parties à cause de l'insécurité alimentaire ou pour se rapprocher de parents déjà installés dans le Sud.

    Selon un récent rapport de l'OIM, près de la moitié des personnes déplacées ont dit manquer d'argent, de nourriture, de moyen de transport et d'autres produits et services de base. D'après les témoignages, environ un quart des personnes manquent en priorité de nourriture et un peu moins de 10 pour cent ont besoin d'un toit. Quelque 200 000 Maliens sont toujours déplacés et près de 150 000 autres ont trouvé refuge dans les pays voisins.

    M. Doumbia, de l'OIM, a déploré le manque de fonds. « Il y a beaucoup de travail à faire, [mais] les donateurs ne manifestent pas beaucoup d'enthousiasme. »

    sd/ob/cb-fc/amz


    0 0

    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Eritrea, Ethiopia
    preview


    Summary: On 5 August 2011 IFRC and ERCS launched the Preliminary Drought Emergency Appeal for CHF 10,978,250 to assist 165,000 beneficiaries with humanitarian assistance over 6 months. To address increasing needs at the time, the appeal was revised on 26 September 2011 to 28,408,085 CHF (25,408,085 CHF plus 3,000,000 CHF for bilateral emergency response support) to assist approximately 570,000 beneficiaries over 12 months in Oromia, Afar and Somali regions. The appeal expanded due to the National Society wanting to focus more on activities with longer term and sustainable impact on affected and vulnerable communities, including early recovery and disaster risk reduction interventions. However, the appeal was later revised down due to the changing context of the drought affected regions, including the removal of activities in Dolo Ado as needs were being met by other agencies. The Revised Appeal was published on 28 December 2012 reducing the budget from CHF 25,408,085 to CHF 12,258,425 and extending the operational timeframe for 12 months to 31 August 2013.

    Between February and May 2013, a review process with the IFRC Nairobi Regional Office led to a revised plan of action being developed with the national society. The review focused on the current status of the remaining activities, challenges experienced and the support the NS required to complete the operation within the remaining implementation timeframe. This was due to an acknowledgement of the slow implementation pace of the operation and to prioritise activities to be implemented over the remaining appeal timeframe. The appeal was also extended by one month to September 2013, in order for the final evaluation of the operation to be conducted within the appeal timeframe.

    The two evaluations carried out in the course of the Drought operation concluded that despite the many challenges and delays experienced throughout the course of its implementation, the ERCS was able to realise notable achievements, particularly the provision of much needed assistance in the sectors of emergency health, WatSan, and food aid distribution. Results from the Evaluation also indicated that the health intervention, whose overall was to contribute to a reduction in morbidity and mortality due to Acute Watery Diarrhoea (AWD) and other hygiene related diseases amongst populations living in the drought and disaster affected areas of Moyale and Afar Regions, was highly relevant and appropriate. The Evaluation also highlighted the importance of implementation of the health activities through use of ERCS volunteers and their inclusion in the CBHFA and ECV trainings as effective and allowed a potential continuity as these persons are strong and trustworthy members of their communities, were nominated by their own communities, have solid ties to the areas and are therefore more likely to continue with activities once the project concluded.

    To improve the accessibility of drinking water for school going children, 6 rain-water catchment roofs (rain harvesting devices) were purchased and installed satisfactorily in 6 school grounds in Somalie Moyale.
    Each catchment roof has a capacity of 10,000 cubic meters. Over 8,387 school children and teachers are expected to benefit from the initiative.ERCS provided training to 3 people per school to oversee and manage the water systems in each school. This intervention at school sites has the double value of water provision for students during and for a short time after the rains but also encourages the students’ learning of proper exploitation of scarce resources.

    Over 8,744 community members are benefiting from the 3 spring-water wells (Ellas) which were satisfactorily rehabilitated in Oromia Moyale (1 well in Oromia Moyale and two wells in Somalie).
    Rehabilitation works on the wells started in July and were completed in August 2013.

    Logistical support was provided to all areas of the operation to facilitate the smooth implementation of activities. This included using the logistics plan and IFRC facilitating the procurement of agreed operational items directly from Dubai including ambulances, GPS maps and surveying equipment for Watsan construction activities.


    0 0

    Source: Joint IDP Profiling Service
    Country: Mali
    preview


    The profiling exercise aimed to provide a comprehensive picture of the displacement situation in Mopti.


    0 0

    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali
    preview


    Highlights

    • Seven boys formerly associated with the armed groups, who had been staying in the UNICEF supported transit centre, were reunified with their families.

    • UNICEF responded to a measles outbreak in Koro, Mopti region, which affected 20 people of which 12 were children. From 14 – 20 February a UNICEF-funded immunization campaign reached 185,919 children aged 6 – 14 years and 39,645 children ages 15 – 18

    • In Sikasso, programme focus on malnutrition continues, with UNICEF providing transport (8 motorcycles) and training support on community-based malnutrition treatment and Infant and Young Child Feeding practices

    • Four schools in Kidal region are now functioning. In support of the Ministry of Education, UNICEF partner GARDL provided 773 students and 22 teachers’ assistance.

    • UNICEF continues to support the SOMAGEP, the national water company, in rehabilitating urban water supplies in Gao, Kidal and Timbuktu towns.


    0 0

    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Senegal

    By Zack Taylor and Jeffrey Zahka

    Reform of banking and rice sectors averts financial disaster, pulling thousands of farmers out of poverty.

    DAKAR—Twenty years ago this January, the entire West African region was on its way to an economic calamity. The main currency in the region, the African Financial Community franc, or CFA, lost half its value almost overnight, effectively doubling the price of anything anyone wanted to buy – from a loaf of bread to a pair of shoes.

    In Senegal, the surprise devaluation of the CFA was particularly devastating to a banking sector already teetering near collapse. But there was a silver lining to the financial fall. The crisis compelled the Senegal Government, which had been working with USAID on banking reforms for several years, to fast-track regulations that loosened longstanding state-imposed price controls.

    The move saved the nation’s economy.

    In fact, wholesale reforms of both the banking sector and the rice import industry led to a burgeoning of the private sector and free markets. That, in turn, led to improvements in the overall economy, helping the country reduce the extreme poverty wrought by years of economic near-paralysis.

    “Senegal was facing almost total stagnation in the financial sector,” said Mamadou Lamine Loum, a former prime minister and finance minister at the time of the economic collapse. “Donors were insisting on reform, and though painful in the short term, the devaluation enabled us to put a new liberalized system in place that exists to this day.”

    The key, Loum said, was enacting new microfinance policies that facilitated access to credit for small-scale rural farmers, opening the door for small loans that dramatically increased farmers’ earning power, leading to across-the-board increases in the country’s standard of living. (See sidebar below.)

    “Banking sector reform, especially the emergence of microfinance led by USAID, along with liberalization of the rice sector has led to a decade of rising prosperity. As a result, extreme poverty dropped by 36 percent.”

    Loum said assistance from USAID in drafting the legal framework for the reforms led to an “explosion” of more than 2,000 microfinance institutions that provided financial help to small businesses and farmers.

    “In the early 1990s, USAID was a pioneer in microfinance development in Senegal and the entire West Africa region,” said Loum. “The model we created here was replicated in nearly every other country in the regional monetary union.”

    Liberalizing the Rice Market

    Prior to USAID’s intervention, Senegal’s rice sector was dependent on price controls and central planning of rice distribution under a government agency that controlled rice imports. To keep local supply high, it set high prices on wholesale and retail rice to limit imports. It didn’t work.

    By the early 1990s, the system had become bloated and inefficient, causing massive rice shortages and exorbitant costs that affected the quality of nutrition as well as household income across the nation. With the CFA franc devaluation, prices of the staple grain—a part of almost all major national dishes—doubled, threatening the food security of the country’s rural population.

    In 1994, at the Senegalese Government’s request, USAID launched a five-year, $30 million rice sector adjustment program to help alleviate the systemic inefficiencies in the rice market, while providing the financing necessary to help the government bear the costs. To liberalize the rice market, the new program promoted competition among private sector importers. This change brought consumer prices down and increased incomes of domestic rice farmers, which improved food security for their families. Sixty-five percent of Senegal’s economy is based on agriculture.

    The agencies that had controlled rice prices were gradually phased out, replaced by small, private wholesale distribution markets.

    A new rice marketing information system followed in 1997. This system provided information on domestic pricing to customers and all rice market participants, and a new, crucial element of transparency to the market. Rice prices were now determined by supply and demand, while processing, importing and distribution were entirely in the hands of the private sector, ultimately reducing prices and improving incomes for rural producers, processors and distributers.

    “The project was an outstanding success,” said Ndiobo Diene, secretary general of the Ministry of Agriculture and a key player in the project’s implementation. “We made remarkable progress in achieving all our operational policy reform objectives ahead of schedule. By 1999, the rice sector was privatized, liberalized and functioning smoothly.”

    Today, about 20 firms account for most rice imports, and competition among importers is rigorous enough to ensure downward pressure on prices. Elimination of subsidies has encouraged many farmers to vary their crops and branch out into other areas of agriculture, such as cereals, vegetables and peanuts.

    Misguided Banking Policies

    As a precursor to the rice reforms, USAID assisted Senegal to consolidate its banking system to make it more profitable, and encourage savings and credit institutions to provide financing and loans to small enterprises and smallholders, including women.

    In the mid-1980s, Senegal’s banking sector consisted of 15 commercial banks and seven non-bank financial institutions, dominated largely by French-owned institutions. The system was plagued by low profitability and poor management, resulting in a portfolio of bad debts. The government would routinely interfere in bank management via misguided economic policies, often to meet political objectives, which eroded confidence as debt soared.

    More important, these problems took place among an elite urban community, not the vast majority of Senegal’s population, who had no access to any of these funds that could help them get ahead economically.

    In 1987, a donor-funded wholesale review of the sector determined that six out of the 15 major banks were in danger of bankruptcy. Failed bank loans totaling $840 million represented 60 percent of total credit to the economy and 17 percent of GDP. Senegal teetered on the verge of financial catastrophe.

    “A Critical Role”

    Two years later, USAID’s $35 million in bilateral support—more than any other donor—helped the Central Bank of West African States adopt comprehensive reforms that re-established confidence in foreign lenders and resulted in $312 million in refinancing mechanisms. The World Bank provided $45 million.

    USAID played a critical role in a banking reform process launched in early 1990 known as the African Economic Policy Reform Program, said Ousmane Sané, USAID’s resident economist since 1984 who was deeply involved in the reform process.

    “That decade [1995-2005] represented the highest rate of economic growth and poverty reduction in Senegal’s history,” Sané said. “Banking sector reform, especially the emergence of microfinance led by USAID, along with liberalization of the rice sector has led to a decade of rising prosperity. As a result, extreme poverty dropped by 36 percent.”

    According to the World Bank, the rate of poverty—the number of individuals earning $1.25 a day or less—stood at 66 percent in 1990 and 30 percent in 2010. The number of people in Senegal who accessed microfinance rose steadily—to 450,000 in 2002, shooting up to 1.6 million in 2005, according to the International Monetary Fund.

    In November 1999, USAID launched a new five-year, $26.5 million project called DynaEnterprise to improve access to financial services and increase use of managerial best practices among micro, small and medium enterprises. Ultimately, the project was able to cover 91 percent of the microfinance market.

    “I reflect on our work led by USAID as a great success,” said former Central Bank of West African States Director Seyni Ndiaye, “as part of an amalgamated donors group who urged that management must be driven less from the administration and more towards the marketplace.”

    As a result of these successful USAID interventions, Senegal has become arguably the most financially stable country in West Africa.

    The increased stability engendered by reform projects in the banking and rice sectors has highlighted USAID’s abilities in financial and sectorial restructuring and has influence policy reform in other parts of Senegal’s economy over the years through assistance in other areas, allowing this dynamic nation to reach its full growth potential, Sané explained.

    For the moment, however, Senegalese are appreciative of USAID’s past help, as well as its results.

    “This was very important to the development of rural agriculture,” Ndiaye said, in speaking about rice sector reforms. “Twenty years later, the system remains solid. It played a key role in anchoring an emerging economy.”


    0 0

    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Mali
    preview


    I. Introduction

    1. The present report is submitted pursuant to Security Council resolution 2100 (2013), by which the Council established the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and requested me to periodically update it on the situation in Mali and the implementation of the Mission’s mandate. The present report covers the period from 22 December 2013 to 24 March 2014.

    0 0

    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Senegal

    By Rose Kane

    Since 2002, Anna Gaye has been a member of a 600-member farmer organization that stretches across 52 villages in the rural community of Mampatim in the conflict-affected region of Casamance in southern Senegal.

    For years, most members of the group called Kissal Patim—two-thirds of them women—cultivated small garden patches near village wells that produced off-season vegetables for market. Others had access to larger, half-acre rice plots that yielded perhaps 200 kilograms during the rainy season.

    They earned small amounts of money each week, and divided up a larger amount among members once a year. But over the past four years, membership has surged to 1,000, and Kissal Patim is able to cultivate and process surplus rice.

    Since 2010, with assistance from USAID, Kissal Patim has been able to access credit. Each member receives about $200 per year. With these funds, the women have invested in small-scale mills, which allow them to process rice plants into flour for sale much more efficiently, freeing them from the toil of the traditional mortar-and-pestle. The organization has become a fully registered seed producer, part of a network that reaches about 1,000 farmers who produce rice for consumption and sale.

    “Our plots have grown fourfold,” Gaye said. “We can now cultivate up to an entire hectare, each of which yields an average of four and a half tons. In the future, we hope to manage even larger plots to feed our families and sell rice to townspeople.”

    Through its Economic Growth Project, USAID promotes the high-yielding New Rice for Africa, known as NERICA.

    “The new NERICA rice varieties can produce yields as much as three times greater than what they used to get, while needing less water,” Gaye said.

    With credit, this group and others have been able to purchase mechanized seeders and modern tilling implements that bring still better yields.


    0 0

    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Mali
    preview


    I. Introduction

    1. Le présent rapport est soumis en application de la résolution 2100 (2013) du Conseil de sécurité, par laquelle le Conseil a créé la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) et m’a demandé de le tenir régulièrement informé de la situation au Mali et de l’exécution du mandat de la Mission. Il couvre la période allant du 22 décembre 2013 au 24 mars 2014.

    0 0

    Source: Redhum
    Country: Guatemala
    preview



    0 0

    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger
    preview


    HIGHLIGHT

    1. Mali: On January 21 2014 a meeting was held at the request of the Ministry of Territorial Administration with the participation of all concerned ministries and UNHCR regarding the voluntary repatriation process. The meeting was to formally launch the process of negotiations between Mali and countries of asylum for the signing of the tripartite agreements. The first step will be a visit of Malian officials to the countries of asylum to talk to their counterparts, UNHCR, and refugees.

    2. Mauritania: The Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM) report for the food distribution of October 2013 in Mbera camp (third PDM in 2013) has been finalized jointly by WFP and UNHCR. The report concludes that the food distribution system put in place at the beginning of 2013, coupled with the different nutritional programmes established in the camp, has resulted in improved food security at household level. While the rates of global malnutrition remain stagnant (21.6% in March 2013 and 22.2% in October 2013), the rates of severe malnutrition have gone down from 13.6% in March 2013 to 2.3% in October 2013. Increasingly, households are transitioning out of severe food insecurity into a moderate food insecurity situation. As of 28 February, 12 nutritional rehabilitation centers continue to be operational in the camp.

    3. Niger: The situation of malnutrition improved in the camps in 2013. Whereas end of 2012, rates of malnutrition were alarming and prompted UNHCR/WFP/UNICEF in a tripartite partnership for supplementary wet feeding, one year later end of 2013, Post Distribution Monitoring realized jointly by WFP and UNHCR revealed a global decrease of the malnutrition rates among children below the 10 percent alert threshold (8.6%). This situation confirmed the impact of the prevention, control and management of nutrition activities especially through the Wet-Feeding programme which was turned into a dry feeding programme in one pilot camp only as of March 2014. If the national nutritional survey planned in May 2014 confirms this positive development, dry feeding will be extended to all camps.


    0 0

    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
    preview


    Highlights

    · An additional child friendly space in Selbo, a village at 10 kms from Dori was inaugurated on 12 March 2014. This is for 197 children for the host community (121 boys and 76 girls) close to Goudebou refugee camp, bringing to 928 the total number of children benefitting from recreational activities and peaceful coexistence with refugee children.

    · As part of a cholera prevention project, 18,379 people were sensitized (9,185 women, 5,062 children and 4,132 men) on how to protect themselves against cholera and on the use of hygiene kits. Hygiene kits were also distributed to 9,500 households in 21 host villages where UNICEF is currently rehabilitating 39 existing water points.

    · From January to February 2014, UNICEF support continued to provide access to quality education for 12,263 children and adolescents in the refugee camps and surrounding host communities. As the number of refugees drops and with the interruption of the school feeding programme by WFP for lack of funds meaning that many parents have chosen to keep their children at home, there is a reduction in the number of children reached.

    · The results of the biometric registration of refugees by UNHCR became available at the end of February. They confirm that the total number of refugees is 32,170, of which 22,605 are in the three refugee camps (Goudebou, Mentao and Sag-nioniogo).

    · These results also confirm that out of a total of 19,174 children, 1,398 (659 boys and 739 girls) are separated (in the camps) and 4 children (3 girls and 1 boy) are unaccompanied (not in the camps). Out of these 1,402 children, only 271 children (268 separated and 3 unaccompanied) children are documented on files and being followed up.


    0 0

    Source: Government of Guatemala
    Country: Guatemala

    Guatemala, 2 abr (AGN).- Un monitoreo realizado semanalmente permitió establecer que en 15 de los 22 departamentos de Guatemala se observaron reducciones en el número de casos de desnutrición aguda al compararlos con el mismo período de un año anterior.

    La conclusión surge del análisis de la décima semana epidemiológica (del 29 de diciembre de 2013 al 8 de marzo de 2014), la cual tuvo 604 casos menos que entre 2012 y 2013.

    Esa reducción existió en poblaciones diseminadas por todo el territorio nacional; el mapa revela que la reducción se registra en Escuintla (ubicada al sur del país), hasta el norte en Petén y del oriente al occidente.

    Como ente encargado de generar los datos que permiten el recuento está el Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social (MSPAS).

    “Nos llamó la atención el caso de Quetzaltenango, había un repunte de casos. Al acercarnos al campo, verificamos que era Coatepeque el municipio donde había un problema y era básicamente por malos hábitos de higiene y poco acceso al agua potable”, explicó el titular de la Secretaría de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (SESAN), Luis Enrique Monterroso.

    Monterroso piensa que la baja es el resultado de la detección de más casos, pero “lo más importante es que se les da el tratamiento adecuado de manera oportuna”, refirió.

    Los departamentos que más reducción mostraron fueron Chiquimula (98), San Marcos (91) y Huehuetenango (84), donde precisamente se focalizó la atención derivada del Pacto Hambre Cero, uno de los pilares de la administración actual.

    La baja en los departamentos

    En la siguiente gráfica se observa la disminución por departamento de casos de desnutrición aguda, de los cuales el 100 por ciento han sido atendidos.


    0 0

    Source: Redhum
    Country: Guatemala

    Para responder a la crisis en el parque cafetero, Catholic Relief Services (CRS) implementó un proyecto de respuesta a la emergencia provocada por la roya del café, La Iniciativa Café Verde (CV), de mayo a noviembre de 2013.

    Daniel McQuillen, asesor técnico en agricultura y director del programa, informó que este estuvo enfocado en la renovación de cafetales para los pequeños productores de Olopa, Chiquimula.
    En total fueron 105 familias, en 9 comunidades, y miembros de la Cooperativa Todos Hermanos, que exporta a Green Mountain Coffe Roasters Inc.

    El plan consistió en la capacitación de modificación en el cultivo del aromático para caficultores de pequeña escala, manifestó McQuillen; además de dar un empuje para la coordinación entre los diferentes actores en las regiones del país.

    “No estábamos claros de cómo hacer algunas de las prácticas, a pesar de que las habíamos usado por varios años”, declaró Higinio Suchite, promotor.

    Combate

    Asimismo, estas capacitaciones fueron de beneficio para que los agricultores aumentaran el rendimiento del grano, diversificaran sistemas y brindaran protección ante futuros brotes de plagas, como el de la roya, que afectó la cosecha 2012-2013.

    Francisco Anzueto, coordinador del Centro de Investigaciones de Café de la Asociación Nacional del Café (Anacafé), comentó que estas técnicas son el corazón el trabajo con los agricultores, ya que permite que el productor conozca exactamente los momentos que debe renovar, para evitar las plagas.
    Estadísticas de Anacafé indican que el 69 por ciento de la zona cafetalera fue afectada en 2012 (193 mil de 278 mil hectáreas).

    Exportación

    La Secretaría de Integración Económica Centroamericana (Sieca), por medio de la Dirección de Estadísticas, Estudios y Políticas, ratificó que la relevancia de este producto converge hacia diversas esferas de la economía regional, siendo una importante fuente generadora de empleos.

    En el escenario del comercio exterior, el café sigue siendo uno de los principales productos de agroexportación, representando en 2013 el 7.9 por ciento de las ventas totales de Centroamérica.


    0 0

    Source: African Union, European Union
    Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Somalia, Uganda, World, South Sudan
    preview


    Introduction

    The Africa-EU Partnership

    In an ever changing world, one thing is sure: Africa and Europe will remain each other’s closest neighbours. Africa’s 54 countries and the European Union’s 28 Member States have a shared neighbourhood, history and future.
    It was in this spirit that African and European leaders as well as the presidents of the continental institutions came together at the Lisbon Summit in December 2007 to put their relations on a new footing and to create the Africa-EU Partnership, based upon a strong political relationship and close cooperation in all areas.

    Africa has been pursuing its political and economic integration at the continental level. From the foundation of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU) 50 years ago and even more so since the creation of the African Union (AU) in 2002, Africa has built continental institutions and established ambitious policies and initiatives in many key areas that are both important for the development of the continent and of direct interest to the EU. In this context, developing the relationship between the two Unions has become a priority for both sides.

    The Africa-EU Partnership is based on shared values and aims at promoting common interests and achieving shared strategic objectives. It strives to bring Africa and Europe closer together through the strengthening of economic cooperation and the promotion of sustainable development, with both continents living side by side in peace, security, democracy, prosperity, solidarity and human dignity.
    In this set up, both sides are determined to overcome the traditional donor-recipient relationship, and to develop a shared long-term vision for EU-Africa relations in a globalised world, where they have many common interests on issues such as climate change, global security or progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and the post-2015 development agenda.


    0 0

    Source: Government of Guatemala
    Country: Guatemala

    Written by Ferdy Montepeque/AGN

    Chiquimula, (Guatemala) 2 abr (AGN).- Son 201 kilómetros los que separan la capital de Guatemala de la aldea Suchiquer, situada en el municipio de Jocotán, Chiquimula (oriente); esa lejanía fue quizá la razón de su abandono por varios años, pero hoy la situación es diferente, porque se ha reducido la desnutrición infantil y hay más oportunidades de desarrollo.

    Uno de los principales aspectos en los que se ha evidenciado la mejora es que en lo que va de 2014, tan solo se han diagnosticado cuatro niños menores de cinco años con desnutrición aguda; mientras que los 20 casos de infantes con el mismo padecimiento, que se reportaron el año pasado, han sido recuperados en su totalidad, según reportes del Ministerio de Salud Pública.

    La comunidad, habitada por unas 4.000 personas de la etnia Ch'ortí, fue visitada hoy por la presidenta en funciones, Roxana Baldetti, quien instó a los servidores públicos para que continúen con su trabajo y se mejoren las condiciones de la comunidad.

    En la aldea, 367 mujeres reciben cada tres meses el Bono Seguro, un aporte de 300 quetzales a cambio de llevar a sus hijos a la escuela y al centro de salud, otorgado por el Ministerio de Desarrollo Social (Mides).

    El acceso a Suchiquer resulta dificultoso, porque el camino para llegar al centro es empinado y carece de asfalto; el intenso calor tropical, de unos 38 grados, es otro factor que hace aún más complicado el trayecto; sin embargo, eso no representa obstáculo para atender a las familias.

    La economía del sector depende eminentemente de actividades agrícolas como la siembra de maíz, frijol, café, chile pimiento y tomate, lo cual ha motivado a la Fundación Licorera, que desde hace seis años implementa proyectos productivos como la siembra de hortalizas, crianza de pollos y gallinas de engorde, incluso han instalado una panadería en el sector.

    Al menos 256 familias reciben incentivos monetarios y en especie por parte de la Fundación, a cambio de su mano de obra; también realizan tejidos de palma, los cuales son comercializados en la capital.

    Jocotán era uno de los municipios con prevalencia de desnutrición crónica "muy alta", ya que según registros de la Secretaría de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (Sesan) el 72,8 por ciento de los niños registra malnutrición; pero las intervenciones del Pacto Hambre Cero han reducido esos números y se buscan nuevos mecanismos para mejorar los resultados.


    0 0

    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Sudan
    preview


    KEY MESSAGES

    • In West Africa, regional 2013/14 grain harvests were 11 percent above average. Markets were well-supplied in February. Production shortfalls in eastern Niger and northern Chad resulted in atypical price increases. Institutional purchases were ongoing in Niger and Mali at normal levels in February. Rice imports from international markets contributed to food availability in coastal countries (Pages 3-5).

    • In East Africa, sorghum and millet prices continued to increase atypically in Sudan. Maize prices decreased in Kenya and southern Uganda with recent harvests. Maize prices remained atypically stable in Tanzania due to ample stocks from recent harvests and in Uganda due to reduced exports to South Sudan. The effects of localized conflict, the devaluation of local currencies, and high levels of inflation reinforced upward price trends in some areas (Pages 5-8).

    • In Southern Africa, maize prices increased as the lean season peaked. Prices remained above their respective 2013 and five-year average levels due to tight regional supplies, as well as strong export and institutional demand. Maize grain and meal prices continued to increase atypically in parts of Zambia and Zimbabwe. Rice, cassava, and beans reinforced food availability throughout the region (Pages 8-11).

    • In Haiti, local black bean and maize prices were stable due to generally well supplied markets. In Central America, red bean prices increased atypically in many places since, while remaining below their respective 2013 and five-year average levels. Local and imported rice prices remained stable throughout the region. Coffee export prices increased January and February 2014, after declining in 2013(Pages 11-13).

    • In Afghanistan and Tajikistan, wheat flour prices remained stable in February due to the availability recent above-average harvests and the availability of lower-priced imports from Kazakhstan (Pages 13-14).

    • International rice prices remained stable or decreased in February 2014.
      Maize prices were stable as global stocks replenished. Wheat prices varied due to concerns over export capacity of key exporting countries.
      Crude oil prices were stable (Pages 2-3).


    0 0

    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, le 31 mars 2014_Au cours d’une conférence de presse tenue le 31 mars dans l’après-midi, en prélude à la célébration de la journée internationale de l’action contre les mines qui se déroulera le 4 avril, le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies au Mali et Chef de la MINUSMA, Albert Gerard Koenders a indiqué que 95 civils maliens dont 60 % d’enfants ont été les principales victimes des mines ces dernières années au Nord du Mali. Il a aussi salué les efforts entrepris depuis janvier 2013 par le Service de lutte antimines des Nations Unies dans le pays : « c’est un bilan positif », a-t-il dit.

    La conférence à laquelle participait également le Directeur adjoint du programme UNMAS (Service de lutte antimines de l’ONU), le Représentant de l’Unicef et les membres de la Commission nationale de lutte contre les armes légères et de petit calibre a été l’occasion pour M. Koenders de mentionner les nombreuses conventions antimines que le Mali a signées. Il a rappelé à cet effet la nécessité pour la MINUSMA de ‘’travailler en étroite collaboration avec le Gouvernement malien pour s’assurer de la mise en œuvre de ces Conventions’’.

    Selon Philippe Renard, Directeur adjoint de UNMAS, plus de 1024 restes d’explosifs de guerre (REG) ont causé de grands dégâts dans le Nord du Mali. Le Bureau de UNMAS qui a la charge d’appuyer la MINUSMA dans la lutte contre ces engins explosifs et d’assurer la protection des civils maliens a, dès son installation en janvier 2013, procédé à l’évaluation et au marquage des zones polluées par les mines et autres restes de guerre. Il a également assuré la dépollution systématique des écoles de Gao et Tombouctou, occupées par les djihadistes au plus fort de la crise. Les bâtiments administratifs des trois régions du Nord ont également été passés au peigne fin en vue de réduire les risques liés à la présence de ces armes. En tout, ce sont plus de 762 villages qui ont été concernés par l’opération. .

    La Commission nationale de lutte contre les armes légères et de petit calibre, mise en place en 1996, n’a pas un rôle répressif. Elle dispose dans ses attributions de l’exécution du programme de déminage, la sensibilisation sur le danger des mines, la fouille, l’identification, le désamorçage et la destruction de stocks d’engins explosifs afin de permettre la libre circulation des personnes.

    Avec l’appui de partenaires stratégiques comme la CEDEAO, la Commission nationale a assuré la sensibilisation de nombreux acteurs de la société civile et des élèves aux dangers des mines, procédé à l’harmonisation des lois nationales avec les conventions de la CEDEAO sur les armes, assuré la formation en marquage et traçabilité des armes. Plus récemment, elle a bénéficié de l’appui conséquent de UNMAS pour notamment la formation de 83 éléments du génie militaire maliens dans la destruction d’explosifs obsolètes et de 60 autres personnels en ce qui concerne la gestion des stocks d’armes et de munitions. La Commission travaille dans toutes les régions du Mali, où des points focaux ont été mis en place avec encore le concours de UNMAS.

    La présence de mines et autre munitions non explosées compromet le retour des déplacés et réfugiés, paralyse l’activité économique et l’assistance humanitaire. Elle inhibe tout simplement les initiatives de développement. Face au danger, l’UNICEF a entrepris un vaste travail de sensibilisation des populations, élèves et enseignants des régions du Nord. Le but est de réduire les cas d'accidents par les mines et autres engins explosifs, notamment au sein des communautés rurales frappées par l’enclavement et le manque de structures hospitalières.

    Les différents acteurs impliqués dans la lutte contre les mines et restes explosifs de guerre procèderont ce 4 avril, Journée internationale de la sensibilisation au problème des mines et de l’assistance à la lutte antimines, à la destruction, aux environs de Kati, d’une certaine quantité d’engins hautement invalidants et meurtriers.


    0 0

    Source: African Union, European Union
    Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Somalia, Uganda, World, South Sudan
    preview


    Introduction

    Le partenariat stratégique Afrique-UE

    Dans un monde en mutation constante, une chose est sûre : l’Afrique et l’Europe resteront chacune le plus proche voisin de l’autre. Les 54 pays d’Afrique et les 28 États membres de l’Union européenne (UE) ont en commun une proximité géographique, une histoire et un devenir.

    C’est dans cet esprit que les dirigeants d’Afrique et d’Europe ainsi que les présidents des institutions des deux continents se sont rencontrés lors du sommet de Lisbonne en décembre 2007. L’objectif était d’asseoir leurs relations sur de nouvelles bases et de créer le partenariat Afrique-UE, un partenariat fondé sur une relation politique forte et une étroite coopération dans tous les domaines.

    L’Afrique s’emploie à réaliser son intégration politique et économique à l’échelon continental. Depuis la création de l’Organisation de l’Unité africaine (OUA) il y a 50 ans, et surtout depuis la création de l’Union africaine (UA) en 2002, l’Afrique a mis en place des institutions continentales et des politiques et initiatives ambitieuses dans de nombreux secteurs clés, essentiels pour son propre développement et présentant un intérêt direct pour l’UE. Dans ce contexte, le développement de la relation entre les deux Unions est devenu une priorité pour les deux continents.


    0 0

    Source: Government of Guatemala
    Country: Guatemala

    Escrito por Oliver Paniagua

    Con el objetivo de recolectar alimentos para apoyar a por lo menos 1 mil 460 personas afectadas por la desnutrición en Chiquimula, la fundación Manos Unidas Trabajando por la Humanidad y la Comisión Municipal de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (Comusan) de la cabecera departamental, realizarán el Gran Concierto por la Nutrición, el sábado 5 de abril a las 11:00, en el Coliseo Ganadero de esa localidad.

    Enrique Aguilar, presidente de la fundación informó: "El donativo para ingresar a la actividad será de 5 libras de alimento no perecedero, como frijol, maíz y arroz, entre otros, de los cuales se pretende recolectar mil quintales, que serán llevados a las comunidades más afectadas".

    Según Lester García, de Comusan, el acontecimiento artístico se llevará a cabo por iniciativa de la campaña "Yo Soy Chiquimula", la cual se pretende sea replicada en los demás departamentos que padecen problemas de alimentación.

    El concierto durará 8 horas y en este participarán 17 artistas nacionales y locales.

    Con información de Karla Gutiérrez.


older | 1 | .... | 225 | 226 | (Page 227) | 228 | 229 | .... | 728 | newer