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Central African Republic: West and Central Africa Region Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (20 – 26 November 2014)

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Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Country: Cabo Verde, Central African Republic, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

CAPE VERDE
1,000 PEOPLE EVACUATED AFTER VOLCANO ERUPTION
On Fogo Island, the Pico do Fogo volcano erupted on 23 November prompting the evacuation of approximately 1,000 people from the Cha das Caldeiras village. An emergency situation has been declared for the island of Fogo and neighboring island of Brava. The government has provided social housing to be used as shelters. The volcano last erupted in 1995 and a larger eruption occurred in 1951.

CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC (CAR)
3,0000 PEOPLE DISPLACED AFTER UPSURGE OF VIOLENCE IN ZEMIO
The upsurge of violent attacks in Zemio has left 3 killed and over 3,000 displaced. A joint needs assessment conducted in Zemio on 19 November by UNICEF and UNHCR revealed that affected people are in dire need of protection, shelter, water and sanitation.

1.5 MILLION FOOD INSECURE PEOPLE
According to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification survey, food insecurity affects 1.5 million people in CAR. Populations who fled to the bush and families hosting displaced people are the most affected.

NIGERIA
700,000 IDPs REGISTERED IN THE NORTH EAST
As of 24 November, the Nigerian Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) has registered 700,000 IDPs in the north-eastern states of Borno (402,039), Adamawa (160,198) and Yobe (116,536). Displaced people are mostly staying with host families and there are six camps in Adamawa State and twelve in Borno State.

NIGER/NIGERIA
3,000 PEOPLE FLEE VIOLENCE INTO NIGER
Violent clashes occurred on 24 November in Dammassak, Nigeria, 20 km south-east of the Niger region of Diffa. At least 3,000 people fleeing the violence have crossed the border towards Diffa notably to the Chetimari, Chetima wango and Moroy villages.

REGIONAL / EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE (EVD)
15,351 CASES AND 5,459 DEATHS
As of 21 November, a total of 15,351 confirmed, probable, and suspected cases of EVD and 5,459 deaths have been reported.

EIGHT CONFIRMED EBOLA CASES IN MALI
This week, Mali has confirmed one new case of EVD, bringing the number of confirmed cases in the country to eight. The United Nations Mission for Ebola Emergency Response (UNMEER) has established an office in the country, to support the Government of Mali in its effort to contain the outbreak.

SAHEL
FOOD AND NUTRITION CRISIS COULD AFFECT 4.2 MILLION PEOPLE
The regional information system for Food Crisis Prevention and Management (PREGEC) released on 24 November preliminary results of the 2014-2015 cropping season in the Sahel and West Africa. It is estimated that the regional crop production is 4 per cent higher as compared to last year and 8 per cent higher as compared to the average of the previous five years. A significant decrease of more than 32 per cent is recorded in Western Sahel countries. Between January and March 2015, food and nutrition crisis could affect over 4.2 million people in Burkina Faso, Gambia, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Chad.


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