1.- Track and analyse risk and vulnerability, integrating findings into humanitarian and development programming.
2.- Support vulnerable populations to better cope with shocks by responding earlier to warning signals, by reducing post-crisis recovery times and by building capacity of national actors.
3.- Deliver coordinated and integrated life-saving assistance to people affected by emergencies.
Improve access to protection and assistance to civilians in conflict areas, including for the internally displaced.
Provide essential primary and secondary health services (preventive and curative) by addressing chronic diseases, reproductive health, infant and child health and treatment and prevention of acute malnutrition.
Increase monitoring of early warning and early detection of possible outbreaks of communicable diseases. Initiate of an effective response for disease control.
Intervene where necessary to promote livelihoods, rehabilitate damaged infrastructures and supportincome generating activities, to provide immediate economic relief to affected populations in rural and urban areas.
Parameters of the response
While the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) comprised a countrywide assessment of needs, the Strategic Response Plan (SRP) has prioritized response mainly in northern Nigeria. The prioritization of response in this part of the country is due mainly to the prevalence of critical humanitarian challenges in the region as a result of lingering malnutrition affecting half a million children and the impact of armed confrontation between militant insurgent groups and the Nigerian army, which has left close to 6 million people food insecure.
A total of 9.5 million people are currently affected by conflict and natural disaster in Nigeria. Humanitarian partners have targeted 8.3 million people for humanitarian assistance. Of the amount targeted, 7.2 million are from the 8 sahelian states and an additional 3 states in northern Nigeria which face similar humanitarian challenges to the sahelian states.
An estimated 4.2 million people in three states in the north-east of the country declared by the Government to be under a state of emergency (SoE) will be targeted for assistance, while323,488 severe acute malnourished children under the age of five will be treated in eleven northern states. The Strategic Response Plan (SRP) has been developed through joint planning and consultation between the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA); nine humanitarian sectors co-led by Government line ministries and United Nations agencies; non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and six sub-national geopolitical zones representing Nigeria’s 36 states. Given the population and size of the country, data collection is a resource-demanding task. Continuous data collection has been prioritized by humanitarian actors across the country on an on-going basis. As new information emerges from these assessments data collection efforts the Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) will be updated accordingly. However, information on food security and on planning for internally displaced persons (IDPs), has not been readily available; hence the immediate need to elicit relevant information in these sectors for effective planning and response.
Of the total population of 9.5 million, 8.3 million will be targeted for response on the basis of figures received from the Government, the UN and NGOs. According to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) about 124,859 people displaced as a result of flooding following rains between June and August 2013 remained displaced at the end of 2013. According to the NEMA update of December 2013, the Local Government Areas (LGA) in a state of emergency which have been most affected by the insurgency are Metropolitan Maiduguri, Kaga, Goza, Bama, Dambua, Baga in Kukawa, Marte, Gubiyo, Abadam (Malam Fatori), Damsac, Mungunu, Ngalia and Konduga in Borno state; Damaturu, Yadin Buni, Gujuba, Potiskum, Fika, Gashua, Gaidam and Fune in Yobe state and Mubi, Ganye and Song in Adamawa state. An estimated 4,732,802 people count amongst the worst affected in SoE areas.
According to the latest UN country team (UNCT) assessment of SoE states, 5,972,760 million people have been affected by the insurgency in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. This includes 27 LGAs in Borno state, 6 LGAs in Adamawa state (Mubi North, Yola North, Yola South, Girei, Numan, and Mayo Belwa) and 5 LGAs in Yobe state (Damaturu, Potiskum, Geidem, Fune, Gujba). According to OCHA monitoring reports, 70,000 people were displaced from Taraba, Benue, Nasarawa, Kaduna, Kogi and Plateau states as a result of intercommunal conflict.
UNICEF has projected that 1,790,920 people are likely to be malnourished in 2014 in 11 northern states. This figure includes 539,147 children under five who are expected to suffer from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) while 1,251,773 people are predicted to suffer from moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in 11 states in 2014. 90,823 of children under the age of five are expected to suffer from Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) are in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa. Epidemic-prone diseases such as measles, meningitis, cholera and Lassa fever occur as recurrent outbreaks. In 2013, a total of 53,023 confirmed measles cases and 2,771 deaths were reported in 753 LGAs in the 36 states and in the Federal Capital Territory; as many as 6,600 suspected cases of cholera with 229 deaths were reported in 94 LGAs in 20 states; 1,195 suspected Lassa fever cases and 39 deaths were reported in 14 states (27 LGAs) and 871 suspected cerebrospinal meningitis cases with 47 deaths in 28 states over the same period.