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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Mission in South Sudan
    Country: South Sudan

    UNMISS “Protection of Civilians” (PoC) Sites

    • As of 23 March 2017, a total of number of civilians seeking safety in six Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites located on UNMISS bases is 214,979 including 117,654 in Bentiu, 30,559 in Malakal, 38,833 in Juba UN House, 1,956 in Bor, 651 in Melut and 171 in Wau, in Western Bahr El Ghazal adjusted area 25,155.

    Highlights of the week:

    Bentiu/Juba: The National Secondary Examinations ended successfully on 17 March.

    Upper Nile: 117 individuals (66 households) mainly Shilluk women and children exited the PoC site permanently to Sudan via Rank. The current trend of small group of women and children exiting to Renk during the month of March can be associated to an improvement of road security with the nomination of the new Governor.

    Jonglei: It is estimated that around 800- 1000 individuals have arrived to UNMISS Pibor Adjacent Area as a consequence of the youth fighting.

    Unity: Three IDPs were expelled out of the PoC as a result of series of armed robberies and physical assault they caused to IDP community.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Inflation: According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the South Sudan inflation rate measured by the changes in consumer price indices stood at 371.8% while the inflation rates were 345.8% and 303.9% respectively for Juba and Wau in January 2017.

    • Exchange Rate: The South Sudanese Pound (SSP) lost further ground to the US Dollar in February. In Juba, SSP was exchanging at 111 SSP/US$ in the black market, an increase of 11% compared to January, while the official rate being 100 SSP/US$. This parallel exchange rate in February was 264% higher than it was one year ago. The continued depreciation of local currency triggered importers and big capacity traders to keep their money in US $ as coping strategy to maintain money value.

    • Fuel Supply and Prices: In February, fuel continued to be scarce in most parts of the country despite some improvement in supplies in major towns such as Juba and Wau. Compared to a month ago, retail prices of petrol in black market increased by 40% to 58% in Yida, Bor and Warrap; other monitored markets experienced increases of 20-30%.

    • Staple prices: Compared to January, prices of white sorghum and white maize have increased in Bor, Yida, Agok and Torit markets in the ranges of 10-25%, while they have remained the same or decreased somewhat in Aweil, Bentiu, Wau and Rumbek. There has been a huge surge in staple prices in different markets compared to a year ago. Most notable increase in sorghum prices are in Bor (738%), Konyokonyo (587%), Wau (472%) and Lakes (461%).

    • Alarming price levels in Kapoeta: White maize price has increased by 228% compared to a month ago, and this price in February is almost 20 times (increase of 1,876%) compared to the same time the previous year.
      Similarly, price of Janjaro has increased by 76% and wheat flour by 40% compared to the previous month.

    • Cooking oil: Prices in Konyokonyo, Aweil, Torit, Wau and Yida experienced increases of 10% to 25% compared to the previous month, while they have been relatively stable in most other monitored markets.

    • Terms of trade: Compared to January 2017, goat to white sorghum TOT has deteriorated in Bor and Aweil that are associated with decreased prices of goat. On the other hand, skyrocketed maize grain price in Kapoeta South led goat to maize grain TOT to deteriorate by 50%. Deterioration in TOT impacts negatively the purchasing power of livestock dependent households.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Government of Finland
    Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Finland, Iraq, Myanmar, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Uganda, Ukraine, Yemen

    Press release 56/2017 27 March 2017

    By decision of Minister for Foreign Trade and Development Kai Mykkänen, Finland’s humanitarian aid will amount to EUR 61.4 million, of which approximately EUR 20 million will be channelled to the famine-hit countries in the Horn of Africa and to Nigeria and Yemen.

    “The Horn of Africa is facing the worst food crisis in recent history. Approximately 20 million people suffer from shortage of food and water. The spread of such contagious diseases as cholera and malaria is aggravating the situation. The number of refugees has tripled since the humanitarian crisis of 2010–2011. Finland must be among those that are providing assistance,” Minister Mykkänen says.

    Famine has been declared in two States in South Sudan. The conflict has led to a wide-scale flow of refugees especially to Uganda, where approximately 2,000 refugees arrive every day at present. At the same time Uganda is affected by drought.

    Finland will channel a total of EUR 7.6 million to relieve the refugee situation in South Sudan and the Horn of Africa and EUR 2.2 million to Uganda.

    In Somalia’s southern and central areas, food security has rapidly deteriorated and the country is on the brink of slipping into widespread famine. Finland will support humanitarian work in Somalia by EUR 5.5 million.

    In Ethiopia, more than five million people will be in need of emergency assistance this year. Finland will channel EUR 755,000 to Ethiopia.

    North-eastern parts of Nigeria are also at risk of famine; the UN estimates that 8.5 million people there are in need of humanitarian aid. Finland will channel EUR 2 million to Nigeria.

    It is estimated that two thirds of the population of Yemen, that is, 18.8 million people are affected by the conflict and in need of humanitarian aid and protection. Nearly 3.3 million people suffer from starvation, 2.1 million of whom are children. Finland will channel EUR 1.5 million to Yemen.

    At the same time, the humanitarian situation remains serious in the Middle East. Finland’s current assistance focuses on Syria and its neighbouring countries, which will be supported by a total of EUR 11.5 million. In Iraq, fight against ISIL, for instance, has increased the number of people in need of humanitarian aid to 11 million. Additionally, if the battle to reclaim Mosul continues, the number of internally displaced persons is expected to grow. Finland will channel a total of EUR 3.7 million to Iraq.

    Other recipients of humanitarian aid from Finland are Afghanistan (EUR 1 million), Myanmar (EUR 500,000), North Korea (EUR 300,000), Central African Republic (EUR 575,000) and Democratic Republic of the Congo (EUR 300,000) and Ukraine (EUR 900,000).

    EUR 38.4 million of the funding will be directed to civil society organisations’ country- and region-specific operations. The funding will be channelled through the United Nations Refugee Agency UNHCR and the World Food Programme WFP and via the Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. The following Finnish civil society organisations will also receive funding: Finnish Red Cross, Finn Church Aid, Fida International, World Vision Finland, Plan International Finland and Save the Children Finland.

    Finland will grant EUR 23 million of the assistance in the form of core funding to UN agencies capable of flexible and rapid decisions on the allocation funding. Core funding will be channelled to the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), Secretariat of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR), United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) and United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF).

    Inquiries: Claus Lindroos, Director, Unit for Humanitarian Assistance and Policy, tel. +358 295 351 234.

    The Foreign Ministry's email addresses are in the format firstname.lastname@formin.fi.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: ALIMA
    Country: Cameroon

    1. Contexte général :

    Présente au Cameroun depuis bientôt un an, ALIMA assure la prise en charge des soins pédiatriques et la prise en charge des cas de malnutrition aiguë sévère avec complication médicales pour les enfants de moins de 5 ans dans l’Hôpital de District de Mokolo ainsi que dans le District de Santé de Makary. Le premier programme vient d’entrer dans son 11éme mois d’activité a été monté et mis en place en collaboration avec l’Hôpital de District de Mokolo, le district sanitaire et la Délégation Régionale de la Santé Publique. Il en va de même pour celui mis en place dans le District de Santé de Makary, programme qui fait suite à la mission explo-action menée en décembre 2016. De plus, le déploiement stratégique et opérationnel dans le district sanitaire de Koza en vue d’une intervention nutritionnelle et pédiatrique est imminent et aura lieu le 1er avril 2017.

    1. Médical :
    • Mokolo

    Au cours du mois de février, nous avons hospitalisé 446 patients (323 à Mokolo, 123 à Makary), contre 392 en janvier, soit une hausse de 14% des hospitalisations. La répartition entre les différents services est la suivante : 104 patients hospitalisés en CNTI et 342 en pédiatrie. Au total, à Mokolo, 29% des patients étaient des réfugiés provenant du camp de Minawao. Les patients provenant des hors zone représentent 13% des hospitalisations réalisées (District de Santé de Mogode principalement). La gratuité et la qualité du projet provoquent un phénomène d’attirance des patients extérieurs au DS de Mokolo et permettent d’expliquent ce fort pourcentage.

    Les activités de formation au dépistage de la malnutrition par l’outil « PB Mères » ont commencé courant août à Mokolo.

    Elles débuteront en mai à Makary. Ces activités entrent dans le cadre du dépistage précoce par les mères et prévention de la malnutrition. En février 2017, 92.8% des accompagnants y ont étés formés, soit 299 personnes.

    • Makary

    L’intervention médico-nutritionnelle dans le District de Santé de Makary fait suite à la mission explo-action menée dans le Logone-et-Chari au mois de décembre 2016. Depuis lors, des activités médico-nutritionnelle ont été mises en place, aussi bien au sein de l’’Hôpital de District de Makary que dans les Centres de Santé périphériques.

    Le nombre de patients de moins de 5 ans pris en charge de manière gratuite au sein de l’Hôpital de District de Makary sont présentés dans les tableaux 1 et 2 ci-dessus. Pour ce qui est des activités dans les Centres de Santé périphériques, ALIMA a initié des activités pédiatriques dans 4 Aires de Santé (Woulky, Biamo, Ngouma et Sagme) ; les activités nutritionnelles sont mises en place dans les 9 Aires de Santé de District. En février 2017, 890 consultations pédiatriques ont été effectuées et 19 cas référencés à l’HD de Makary. Sur la même période, 252 enfants MAS de moins de 5 ans ont été pris en charge dans les différents CNAS, pour 275 sorties.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, WASH Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • WFP is expanding the use of cash-based transfers from 1 to 3 sites in the East region resulting in an additional 15,972 new people for cash assistance in February.

    • WFP continues to face critical funding gaps impacting the level of food and nutrition assistance provided to all targeted groups (refugees, displaced people and vulnerable host communities) in the Far North and eastern regions.

    Operational Updates

    • In February 2017, WFP and partners provided cash assistance to an additional 28,786 people in Cameroon as the programme was expanded to two more refugee sites in the East region (Lolo and Timangolo), and 12,768 people were shifted from in-kind food assistance to the cash transfer modality in the Far North region in areas around Mora, Mokolo and Kousseri. WFP continues to use cash-based transfers to assist food insecure households in meeting their basic food and non-food needs with increased flexibility while promoting livelihood opportunities.

    • Donations through WFP’s mobile app “SharetheMeal” have since December reached USD 210,000 to provide school meals to 80,000 vulnerable children of refugees and IDPs in the Logone and Chari area in the Far North of Cameroon. The donations to Cameroon have been put on hold for one month to raise funds for emergency school meals in South Sudan. Meanwhile, preparations are ongoing to begin the school meals programme in the coming months.

    • Due to limited funding, blanket supplementary feeding to prevent malnutrition was provided to 110,250 children through EMOP 20077 (75 percent of the planned target) compared to 50 percent of the target for EMOP 200799. Newly received funding will enable WFP to resume the distribution of full rations in March 2017.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    Highlights

    • Distributions through mobile teams in Leer County and the broader Greater Upper Nile continue, as WFP also prepares for a seasonal relief scale-up in Northern Bahr El Ghazal and Eastern Equatoria states.

    • Market price monitoring highlights dramatic increases in food prices. In January 2017, a food basket in Juba cost five times as much as the year before.

    • WFP has completed 20 percent of its commodity prepositioning plan in preparation for the rainy season.

    Situation Update

    • WFP, UNICEF and Oxfam have jointly conducted a rapid food security and nutrition assessment in the drought affected area of Kapoeta, Eastern Equatoria State. Preliminary findings show that 150,000 people are in need of immediate food assistance. Food insecurity in Kapoeta is exacerbated by very high inflation. According to WFP’s market monitoring, the price of the main staple food, white maize, in local markets has increased by 228 percent in one month, and in February, the price was nearly 20 times that of the same time the previous year (an increase of 1,876 percent).

    • WFP’s latest monthly market price bulletin highlights a continued weakening of the South Sudanese Pound against the US dollar, and dramatic increases in food prices, which contribute significantly to the overall inflation rate. According to the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), the national inflation rate stood at 372 percent in January 2017. Food and non-alcoholic beverages account for 71 percent of the Consumer Price Index calculation, indicating that the largest share of household expenditures go towards food. In Juba, the food inflation rate was 370 percent; a standard food basket cost almost five times as much as the same month the year before.

    • A commercial airline (South Sudan Supreme) caught fire after landing at Wau airport, with no human casualities according to preliminary reports. The incident disrupted the operation of humanitarian flights out of Wau, resulting in the cancellation of some UNHAS flights. The accident points to the continued need for humanitarian air services, as the safety standards of commercial airlines and overall South Sudanese airspace strengthen gradually.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan

    Highlights

    • A campaign for mass distribution of mosquito nets has been launched. WFP will ensure the distribution of 7 million mosquito nets to 10 million people in 13 regions of Chad in the framework of UNDP’s programme to prevent malaria, the first cause of death in the country. WFP leverages its field presence and logistical expertise to dispatch the nets to 4,000 sites through 900 health centres.

    • Cash-based assistance is suspended for 62,000 returnees from Central African Republic and will only resume during the lean season to prioritize the use of limited resources during that critical time of the year. WFP urgently requires USD 10 million to enable prepositioning of food and nutritious products in Eastern Chad before the rainy season, which cuts off access routes – otherwise, half rations will not be ensured for 330,00 Sudanese refugees from June to October.

    Operational Updates

    Country-wide:

    Preliminary results of a national market assessment by the Government, WFP and other partners show that the current food prices are relatively low. This situation is driven by the low demand from households due to their insufficient purchasing power and to the fact that households are currently consuming their own production during this postharvest season. However, a deterioration is expected during the lean season when demand increases thus putting pressure on prices, particularly in the regions of the Sahel belt with low agricultural production. The current economic crisis affects traders' resources and this situation, combined with the structurally poor road infrastructure making it unlikely for inter-regional transfers from surplus regions towards deficit regions to be sufficient. Border closures with Nigeria and C.A.R. continue to disrupt livestock trade and to negatively affect the purchasing power of pastoral and agropastoral households. Finally, the border closure with Libya in January 2017 led to an increase of food prices in Kanem, a region through which trade flows used to transit.
    A Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief and Transitions (SMART) survey conducted in January indicates that in Sudanese refugee camps, the global acute malnutrition prevalence has overall increased between 2015 and 2016, from 7.4 percent to 9.2 percent. This increase comes after several consecutive years of steady improvement. Partners need to be on alert, analyse the determinants of these changes and monitor admissions in nutrition centres. In camps hosting refugees from C.A.R., no significant changes were noted and prevalence is at 6.3 percent on average, under the 10 percent threshold alert.


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    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: South Sudan

    SC/12766

    During its informal consultations on 21 March 2017, the Security Council Committee established pursuant to resolution 2206 (2015) concerning South Sudan was briefed by Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, and Zainab Hawa Bangura, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict.

    Ms. Zerrougui, who last briefed the Committee in March 2016, noted inter alia that the security situation in South Sudan continued to deteriorate, exacerbating an environment already conducive to grave violations against children and that children have been victims and witnesses of the most appalling violations. These violations included large-scale child recruitment and use, the targeting of civilians (including children) on the basis of ethnic identity by means of killing, abduction, unlawful deprivation of liberty, rape, sexual violence, burning of villages and looting, as well as the denial of humanitarian access. Ms. Zerrougui added that children wearing military or police uniforms, manning checkpoints, guarding military facilities and carrying heavy weapons were spotted throughout the country. Ms. Zerrougui also stressed that 60 per cent of the 1.6 million South Sudanese refugees are children and that those who stayed in South Sudan lived in deep fear. In the context of the recently-declared famine in Unity State, Ms. Zerrougui underscored that over 1 million children across South Sudan were estimated to be acutely malnourished and over a quarter of a million children severely malnourished. Ms. Zerrougui explained that if those responsible did not face consequences for their actions, this was a green light to continue the barbarity. Ms. Zerrougui reminded the Committee that sanctions were a tool at their disposal.

    Ms. Bangura agreed with Ms. Zerrougui that after more than three years of conflict, the situation in South Sudan remained dire, compounded by impunity. Ms. Bangura noted inter alia that there has been no significant change to the situation that she described in her last briefing to the Committee in September 2016, namely patterns of rape, gang rape and other forms of sexual violence continued to be committed in a climate of impunity. Ms. Bangura explained that a culture of denial persisted in South Sudan, and for the parties to protect women and girls from acts of sexual violence, they must exercise ownership, responsibility and leadership. Ms. Bangura underlined that the Committee had an important role to play in following through on the threat of targeted sanctions against perpetrators of sexual-violence crimes. While highlighting the need for accountability, more assistance to victims and improved access for the service providers, she underscored that her Office, in collaboration with UNMISS (United Nations Mission in South Sudan), will continue to support the Government of South Sudan to implement commitments it has made to prevent and respond to conflict-related sexual violence.

    For information media. Not an official record.


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