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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Development Programme
    Country: Japan, Niger

    Le gouvernement du Japon et le PNUD ont signé le 6 mars 2017 au Ministère des Affaires Etrangères du Niger un accord visant à appuyer le Niger et à renforcer la paix et la sécurité pour un montant de 2 million de dollars soit environ 226 millions.

    Grâce au financement du Japon, le PNUD, en partenariat avec EUCAP Sahel Niger, appuiera les autorités nigériennes pour équiper et former les forces de défense et de sécurité et renforcer la capacité des conseils de sécurité régionales et départementales (postes de commandements mixtes) à répondre aux crises. EUCAP Sahel Niger réalisera cette partie d’assistance et formation, notamment en ce qui concerne le soutien et le développement des PC mixtes.

    Par ailleurs, le PNUD appuiera également les efforts du gouvernement du Niger pour établir un cadre juridique et réglementaire pour l'élaboration d'une loi sur la sécurité intérieure. La Haute Autorité à la Consolidation de la Paix renforcera le dialogue au sein des communautés pour encourager la prévention des conflits, renforcer la cohésion sociale ainsi que la confiance mutuelle entre les communautés et les forces de l’ordre.

    Il s'agit de la deuxième phase du projet renforcement des capacités communautaires et régionales pour l’amélioration de la sécurité au Niger. Cette phase sera mise en œuvre pour une durée de 24 mois.

    A travers ce projet, la capacité opérationnelle des Conseils de Sécurité régionaux et départementaux sera renforcée par la fourniture d'équipements et la formation des autorités régionales et départementales sur les mécanismes de sécurité dans 45 communes de 7 régions, à l’exception de Niamey.

    Un cadre juridique et réglementaire pour l'élaboration d'une loi sur la sécurité intérieure sera établi.

    La confiance et la collaboration entre les autorités locales, les communautés et les institutions de sécurité pour améliorer la cohésion sociale sera renforcée.

    Présents à la cérémonie de signature de la convention Japon-PNUD, Monsieur le Ministre des Affaires Etrangères, de la Coopération, de l'Intégration Africaine et des Nigériens à l'Extérieur, Monsieur le Ministre d’Etat, Ministre de l’Intérieur, de la Sécurité Publique, de la Décentralisation et des Affaires Religieuses, Monsieur le Secrétaire Général de la Haute Autorité à la Consolidation de la Paix, Monsieur le Représentant Résident de la JICA et deux représentants d’EUCAP SAHEL Niger.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    9 mars 2017 – Intervenant devant le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU, la Vice-Secrétaire générale de l'ONU, Amina J. Mohammed, a plaidé jeudi pour faire jouer aux femmes de la région du bassin du lac Tchad un rôle clef dans la lutte contre le groupe Boko Haram et dans les efforts de consolidation de la paix.

    « Les femmes doivent jouer un rôle clef dans la réponse à apporter, qu'il s'agisse de les solliciter pour distribuer les vivres et administrer les camps, ou de les associer aux efforts de lutte contre l'extrémisme violent, de rétablissement de l'autorité de l'État et de consolidation de la paix », a dit Mme Mohammed, devant les membres du Conseil, lors d'une réunion consacrée à la récente mission du Conseil de sécurité dans quatre pays de cette région (Cameroun, Tchad, Niger et Nigéria) du 1er au 7 mars.

    La Vice-Secrétaire générale a indiqué que le Secrétariat de l'ONU encourageait la Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO) et la Communauté économique des États de l'Afrique centrale (CEEAC) à convoquer un sommet conjoint sur Boko Haram.

    « J'ai vu la souffrance dans les yeux d'un garçon de 15 ans dont le village a été brûlé par Boko Haram et la plupart des amis tués », a déclaré le représentant du Royaume-Uni, en dénonçant la barbarie et la cruauté « sans limites » des tactiques employées par ce groupe terroriste.

    Il s'est toutefois réjoui, comme son collègue du Japon, du niveau d'engagement et d'appropriation des efforts dont font preuve les pays limitrophes du lac Tchad qui ont mis sur pied la Force multinationale mixte, laquelle peut s'enorgueillir d'avoir libéré 20.000 otages jusqu'à présent. Cette Force exige toutefois, a prévenu le représentant du Sénégal, un appui financier, logistique et technique et des équipements suffisants.

    Le représentant de la France s'est félicité que la mission du Conseil de sécurité permette de sensibiliser l'opinion publique au sort d'une région longtemps « négligée, voire oubliée », selon les mots de son homologue sénégalais. Il a attiré l'attention sur trois enjeux principaux, à savoir « l'urgence humanitaire, la protection des populations affectées, et les difficultés en matière de financement de l'aide ».

    La Vice-Secrétaire générale a demandé instamment aux États membres de financer intégralement l'appel humanitaire pour la région du lac Tchad, d'un montant de 1,5 milliard de dollars, et a exhorté les gouvernements touchés à garantir un accès total, sûr et sans entraves à toutes les zones et populations touchées.

    Le représentant français a indiqué qu'au printemps 2017, se tiendrait à Paris une conférence de bailleurs de fonds, sous l'égide de la Banque mondiale. En dépit des considérables promesses de contributions faites lors de la Conférence des bailleurs de fonds organisée par l'ONU le 24 février dernier à Oslo, « les besoins excèdent les ressources », s'est alarmée la Vice-Secrétaire générale.

    Le représentant du Sénégal a estimé qu'il est temps de mettre à contribution les sociétés et fondations privées, « voire des mécènes ». Car une reprise durable, a précisé la Vice-Secrétaire générale, suppose aussi un appui à la reconstruction des écoles, des centres de santé et la relance des infrastructures essentielles, comme l'agriculture et l'approvisionnement en eau, sur lesquels reposent les moyens de subsistance.


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    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    SECURITY COUNCIL
    7894TH MEETING (AM)

    SC/12744

    Members Hear Deputy Secretary-General’s First Address in Her New Capacity

    Briefing on the heels of the Security Council’s recent visit to Africa’s Lake Chad Basin — beset by development challenges, looming famine and the brutal tactics of Boko Haram — the mission’s co-Chairs emphasized today the need for an enhanced and holistic response to the subregion’s largely neglected crisis.

    The Council also heard from Deputy Secretary-General Amina J. Mohammed, who addressed the 15-member organ for the first time in that capacity.

    Council President Matthew Rycroft (United Kingdom), who co-chaired the six-day mission alongside the Permanent Representatives of France and Senegal, said meetings on the ground with people in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria had brought the human cost of the ongoing crisis into focus. Some 20,000 people had been killed and 2.3 million displaced, he noted. While the Multinational Joint Task Force — comprising Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria — had recently liberated some 20,000 hostages and won territory back from Boko Haram, “the story is not over”, he emphasized, pointing out that security was not yet entrenched and remained fragile in many places.

    Fodé Seck (Senegal) briefed on the root causes of the crisis, saying challenges facing the subregion included the absence of education on climate change — and, therefore, the lack of resilience to its effects — as well as the demographic explosion of young people, endemic unemployment and cross-border crime, including trafficking. Spotlighting the critical need to better coordinate the efforts of international organizations and other partners, he warned that the resources required to address various elements of the crisis remained insufficient.

    François Delattre (France) briefed on the humanitarian situation, noting that 7 million people across the subregion were threatened by food insecurity. Recalling that the Secretary-General had recently warned of famine conditions, he urged the affected countries to ensure unhindered access to emergency assistance. A number of related challenges concerned restricted access to health care and education, human rights violations perpetrated by Boko Haram and the limited ability of internally displaced persons to return home.

    The Deputy Secretary-General declared: “Lake Chad provides a powerful illustration of the complex multidimensional challenges facing our modern world.” The funds required for tackling the crisis continued to outstrip available resources, she warned. She concurred with other speakers on the need to address its root causes so as to restore lasting peace. In that context, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development would provide both a blueprint and a tool to ensure a better future for the people of the Lake Chad Basin, she said.

    Also speaking today were representatives of Uruguay, Sweden, Italy, United States and Japan.

    The meeting began at 10:03 a.m. and ended at 11:10 a.m.

    Briefings

    MATTHEW RYCROFT (United Kingdom), Co-Chair of the six-day mission alongside the Permanent Representatives of France and Senegal, said meetings on the ground with people in Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria had brought the human cost of the ongoing crisis into focus. Before the visit, he noted, he would have been able to discuss the 20,000 people killed and the 2.3 million displaced, whereas he could now speak about the many lives behind those numbers. “All these people brought home the horrifying consequences of the chaos and insecurity wrought by Boko Haram,” he said, citing an encounter with a 15-year-old Cameroonian boy whose village had been attacked by Boko Haram. Civil society representatives had described women compelled to sell their bodies for sex in order just to eat, he added.

    While the Multinational Joint Task Force — comprising Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria — had recently liberated some 20,000 hostages and won territory back from Boko Haram, “the story is not over”, he emphasized. Security was not yet entrenched and remained fragile in many places, with explosions from suicide bombings and improvised devices far too common. Boko Haram’s tactics were becoming more barbaric, he said, adding: “Their cruelty knows no bounds.” Underlining the clear need for continuing international support for the fight against Boko Haram, he outlined progress made by the subregion’s States in such areas as improving civilian-military coordination, swiftly filling vacant civilian posts and paying greater attention to gender sensitivity and human rights in the conduct of military operations. Meanwhile, a regional, human-rights-compliant and civilian-led disarmament, demobilization and reintegration process was needed for the hundreds of fighters defecting from Boko Haram, as was a comprehensive approach to the crisis as a whole.

    FODÉ SECK (Senegal), briefing on the deep-rooted causes of the crisis and suggesting possible solutions, said challenges facing the region included the absence of education on climate change, and therefore the lack of resilience to its effects; the demographic explosion of young people; endemic unemployment; falling commodity prices; cross-border crime and trafficking; and clandestine refugee movements. There was a critical need for international organizations and other partners in the subregion to better coordinate their efforts, he emphasized, warning that the resources required to address various elements of the crisis remained insufficient.

    He went on to stress the need to identify new sources of financing, including domestic and private sector funding, underlining that it was also critical to taking the development priorities of the affected States, as well as their regional agendas, into account. “The Security Council must support the Lake Chad Basin countries in their remarkable efforts to combat terrorism and organized crime,” he said, citing the Multinational Joint Task Force as a positive example of their cooperation. He called upon for States in the subregion to engage in “hydrodiplomacy”, develop more sustainable agricultural practices and improve their protection of species and landscapes.

    FRANÇOIS DELATTRE (France) briefed on the humanitarian situation, noting that the United Nations had built up its presence on the ground considerably to deal with the crises threatening hundreds of thousands of people. With markets in many parts of the subregion at a standstill amid soaring food prices, more than 7 million people were threatened by food insecurity, he said, recalling that the Secretary-General had warned of famine conditions. He urged the affected countries to ensure unhindered access to emergency aid. “United Nations action, to be truly effective, can only come in support of the countries concerned,” he emphasized. Pointing to the additional challenges of restricted access to health care and education, human rights violations perpetrated by Boko Haram and the limited ability of internally displaced persons to return home, he said they were particularly acute for women, as the Council had heard on several occasions.

    Emphasizing that the subregion still faced many financial challenges, he noted that Nigeria had recently committed $1 billion to combating challenges in its north-eastern region. That commitment must be translated into action on the ground as soon as possible, he said. Meanwhile, international funding remained insufficient, despite the $672 million pledged during the Oslo Donor Conference in February. Aid must be fairly distributed by the four countries concerned and allocated on the basis of urgency and need, he stressed. The Council mission had been crucial in validating the strategic guidance being implemented at Headquarters and in setting the crisis as a long-term international priority, and had also confirmed that the United Nations “silo approach” had reached its limits.

    AMINA J. MOHAMMED, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, said that Council missions such as the one to the Lake Chad Basin had been instrumental in highlighting the links between peace, development and human rights around the world. “Lake Chad provides a powerful illustration of the complex multidimensional challenges facing our modern world,” she said, adding that a successful response would require mobilizing the international community’s assets in holistic implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals. Indeed, addressing the Boko Haram crisis meant looking beyond the security lens and addressing its root causes, including inequality, exclusion and the full array of economic, social, political, cultural and religious grievances.

    To that end, she continued, the United Nations continued to encourage Member States, as well as the leadership of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) and Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS) to convene a joint summit on Boko Haram. Some 10.7 million people across the subregion needed humanitarian assistance and 7 million — including 515,000 children with severe acute malnutrition — required food support, she said, warning that there was a “real risk” of famine. Despite the considerable contributions made at the recent Oslo Donor Conference, demands continued to outstrip resources, she said, urging Member States to ensure that the $1.5 million humanitarian appeal for the subregion was fully funded.

    Appealing to Governments in the subregion to ensure full, safe and unimpeded access to all affected areas and populations, she said it was also crucial to close the gap between humanitarian assistance and development interventions. “Effective prevention of radicalization and violence will also entail comprehensive responses that benefit all members of society, especially marginalized communities and youth,” she stressed. Describing United Nations efforts to address the grave human rights violations that Boko Haram continued to perpetrate, she underlined the need to strengthen justice mechanisms and ensure due process for defectors, as well as suspected terrorists.

    In Niger and Chad, she continued, the United Nations had been able to facilitate the release of dozens of children suspected to be Boko Haram fighters and to deliver them to child-protection actors. The plight of women and girls associated with and affected by Boko Haram was of particular concern, she said, emphasizing the need to scale up efforts to provide access to sexual and reproductive health care and psychosocial support, as well as livelihood support for female-headed households. Addressing the root causes of the crisis was necessary in order to establish lasting peace in the subregion, and the United Nations development system was working on national and cross-border initiatives to support the reduction of poverty, development of capacity, effective governance, management of natural resources, early recovery, disaster risk reduction, social cohesion, peacebuilding and resilience. “The solution lies in holistic thinking,” she said, stressing that the 2030 Agenda provided both a blueprint and a tool for providing a better future for the peoples of the Lake Chad Basin.

    Statements

    ELBIO ROSSELLI (Uruguay), taking the floor after the briefings, described the situation across the subregion as alarming. “Unfortunately, this crisis does not get much traction in the media”, and was, therefore, relatively unknown by the public. Describing information obtained by the Council mission as “enriching and valuable” — though the testimony of witnesses on the ground had often been heart-wrenching — he urged Member States to bolster support for regional efforts to combat terrorism and improve development. The subregion’s States must also implement public policies that would allocate more resources to education, public services and job creation, he said.

    OLOF SKOOG (Sweden) urged the rapid disbursement of pledges made in Oslo, emphasizing that his country had already done so, and had managed to reach remote areas. Noting that the regional nature of the Boko Haram threat required a regional response, he advocated for greater international support of the Multinational Joint Task Force and for rapid deployment of the African Union civilian component. Counter-terrorism measures must be in compliance with international law, and as such, the United Nations must enhance its presence to support monitoring of human rights and capacity-building. Noting that the roots of the conflict went beyond the Boko Haram insurgency to include abject poverty, climate change and underdevelopment, he said Sweden would work with the Deputy Secretary-General in efforts to reform the development system so that it responded better to crises. Improved education for girls and ending early marriage were also essential goals for development in the subregion, he added.

    INIGO LAMBARTINI (Italy) said the mission had offered a chance for the Council to demonstrate its strong commitment to countries of the Lake Chad Basin subregion, adding that it had also revealed the crisis to be even deeper than previously thought. While the Oslo Donor Conference had demonstrated growing international interest, it was crucial to provide further support for the efforts of affected States, as well as those of civil society organizations on the ground. “There is no underestimating the ties between Boko Haram and transnational organized crime,” he added, emphasizing that combating the latter was critical to defeating the former.

    MICHELLE SISON (United States) said the stories and courage of the people with whom the Council had met during the mission would continue to inspire that organ’s efforts to address the subregion’s challenges. Of particular interest were disarmament, demobilization and reintegration efforts, as well as attempts to counter gender-based violence and sexual abuse. The voices of women and young people were especially critical in creating the conditions needed for meaningful change, sustainable livelihoods and preventing extremism, she emphasized. Recalling that the Council had heard first-hand stories of people released from Boko Haram’s clutches, many of whom still faced stigma and discrimination, she stressed that respect for human rights on the part of military, security and other Government actors was also crucial for establishing trust with affected populations.

    YOSHIFUMI OKAMURA (Japan) said he had been encouraged by a sense of ownership and determination on the part of the subregion’s countries, pointing out that they had clear priorities regarding how to deal with the Boko Haram crisis. Citing the “energetic” efforts of the Multinational Joint Task Force, the Group of 5 for the Sahel, ECOWAS and other subregional groups, he emphasized that international support was particularly crucial in light of those sincere efforts.

    For information media. Not an official record.


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    Source: Government of the United States of America
    Country: Senegal

    Thiane Dramé of Senegal’s Kaolack region once found it difficult to provide a healthy and varied diet for the youngest of her seven children and her four grandchildren. Today, things are different. With the help of a USAID nutrition project in central Senegal, she’s growing more food and providing better nutrition to her family. Dramé prepares most of this food for her family, gives some to friends, and sells the rest in her community. She uses the additional income to enrich her family’s diet.

    In October 2015, the Strengthening Partnerships, Results and Innovations in Nutrition Globally (SPRING) project launched a short-term, high-impact program in three regions of Senegal to improve child and maternal nutrition. The program supports the Feed the Future initiative by helping existing regional organizations scale up good practices for nutrition-sensitive agriculture, dietary diversity, infant feeding and hygiene. Since then, it has reached over 430,000 women with nutrition-sensitive information, chiefly by radio and direct contact with close to 7,500 households, including Dramé’s. Over 500 staff members from six partner organizations were trained to conduct household visits to support nutrition-related behaviors.

    Dramé learned better nutrition practices from these these partner organizations and has used the knowledge to grow nutrient-rich crops like biofortified maize and millet, carrots, cowpeas, and orange-fleshed sweet potatoes in her garden. She has also adopted more effective planting and irrigation techniques to help her plants grow.

    Dramé’s garden now produces so much food that she can sell what her family doesn’t eat. SPRING also helped a women’s group she’s a part of install a shared chicken coop and, when they sell the eggs or chickens, she gets a share of the proceeds. “I use the profit to buy fruits like banana, mango and papaya, which improve my family’s nutrition,” Dramé explained.

    Her family can now afford regular meals of veal and fish too. Because the family eats a better diet, “my youngest grandson doesn’t fall sick as much now, so we [also] don’t have hospital bills like before,” Dramé said.

    By working through existing partners who have earned the trust of communities, Feed the Future supports families like Dramé’s as they build their self-reliance. The initiative helps address the many factors that contribute to nutrition, such as agriculture, income for food, infant and young child feeding, adequate hygiene, reducing women’s workload, improving maternal nutrition, and gender equity. These partnerships strengthen the knowledge neighbors share with each other and help them understand how to grow nutritious food right outside their doorsteps, boost their household incomes, and be better prepared to weather difficult times.

    Now, Dramé and her family don’t just share their harvest: they also share what they have learned about nutrition and help their neighbors improve their own gardens. “In my community, all the women have started their own gardens… [and] I invite other women to do the same,” Dramé said.


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    Source: UN Secretary-General
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Thank you Mr. President,

    I would like to thank the members of the Security Council for the warm welcome that I have had this morning. It is truly humbling. And also, I would like to congratulate the UK Chair for [assuming the Presidency of] the Security Council in March. As the Deputy Secretary-General, as an African and as a Nigerian, I truly welcome the Council’s visit to the Lake Chad Basin to witness first-hand the impact of the Boko Haram insurgency. Even more so that, as a child, I grew up in Maiduguri and know that terrorists are not born but created by a set of circumstances. The Security Council’s field visits around the world have been instrumental in highlighting the links between peace, development and human rights. I thank you for the much-needed attention you have now brought to this troubled region. The Lake Chad crisis provides a powerful illustration of the complex multi-dimensional challenges facing our modern world. A successful response requires mobilising our assets holistically to implement the 2030 Agenda and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

    Mr. President, The UN is focused on six main pillars of engagement: political; humanitarian assistance; human rights; recovery and development; justice, law enforcement and the financing of terrorism; and technical support to the regional Multi-national Joint Task Force. Three other dimensions are being added: gender; defections and surrenders by Boko Haram militants – and that has its own challenges given the number of youth and young girls; and support to Member States to develop a regional plan of action to prevent violent extremism. It is essential that we address the Boko Haram crisis in a holistic manner. This means looking beyond the security lens and addressing the root causes, including inequality, exclusion and the full array of economic, social, political, cultural and religious grievances. To this end, the UN continues – through the efforts of Mr. Fall and Mr Chambas, the Secretary-General’s Special Representatives for Central Africa and West Africa and the Sahel -- to encourage Member States and the leadership of ECOWAS and ECCAS to convene a Joint Summit on Boko Haram.

    Mr. President, We and this Council are keenly aware of the deteriorating humanitarian and human rights situation which has displaced millions of people in the region. Some 10.7 million people in the Lake Chad Basin need humanitarian assistance now. More than 7 million require food support, including 515,000 children with severe acute malnutrition. Drought is inevitable, and there is a real risk of famine, which can be averted with the urgent action that we need now. WFP is reaching more than 1 million people in northeast Nigeria, and is expanding its efforts. UNICEF has assisted 4 million people with basic health care and safe water. But, despite the considerable contribution of the recent Oslo Donor Conference, demands outstrip resources. I urge Member States to ensure the 1.5 billion-dollar humanitarian appeal for the Lake Chad region is fully funded, and I implore affected governments to ensure full, safe and unimpeded access to all affected areas and populations. At the same time, we must pay attention to the need to better coordinate our responses and ensure that resources are used in the most efficient manner possible. We must also close the gap between humanitarian assistance and development interventions. Lasting recovery will entail supporting the reconstruction of schools, health centres, and reviving essential infrastructure, such as agriculture and water supplies, that support the necessary livelihoods. Effective prevention of future radicalization and violence will also entail comprehensive responses that benefit all members of society, especially marginalized communities and youth. I was in Bama just three weeks ago where we have one of the largest camps. And to see how children were thriving with the opportunity of education – not in the right circumstances, but certainly that transition that UNICEF was able to provide was certainly a sign of hope and one that we need to invest in.

    Mr. President, The situation in the four countries affected by Boko Haram continues to be defined by grave human rights abuses committed by Boko Haram and in the context of counter-terrorism actions. In response, the UN is deploying additional human rights officers to collect information on violations of human rights and international humanitarian law. The UN is also assisting affected States to ensure their counter-terrorism efforts comply fully with international human rights, humanitarian and refugee laws. There is a need to strengthen justice mechanisms and ensure due process for defectors and suspected terrorists. In Niger and Chad, the UN has been able to facilitate the release of dozens of children suspected of being Boko Haram fighters and deliver them to child protection actors. In Nigeria, the UN has been given access to detention facilities in Maiduguri to monitor the conditions under which women and children captured during military operations are being held. Cameroon has also indicated an interest in cooperating with the UN on this issue.

    Mr. President, The plight of women and girls associated with and affected by Boko Haram is of particular concern. The UN and partners have provided care and support to approximately 6,000 women and children formerly associated with or captured by Boko Haram. But many more are still displaced in camps, detained by the authorities, or are struggling to reintegrate into their communities, where many face stigma and discrimination. Many are survivors of sexual violation, exploitation and abuse. They need comprehensive assistance. We also need to scale up efforts to provide access to sexual and reproductive health and psychosocial support and livelihood support for female-headed households. We must also ensure that women have key roles in the response -- from food distribution and camp management to all efforts to counter violent extremism, restore state authority and build peace. This month is about women – it’s our women's month. It is fitting that the United Kingdom, which has championed the issue of women, peace and security in this Council for many years, holds the Council Presidency.
    But I want also to commend the Council as a whole.
    In the past two months, you have heard from a female civil society leader from Nigeria -- Fatima Askira from the Borno Women Development Initiative.
    Your experts have met with senior UN leaders from the region in a dedicated meeting on women, peace and security in the Lake Chad Basin.
    And during your mission this past week you met with female legislators, civil society leaders and the internally displaced.

    Mr. President,
    Addressing the root causes of this crisis is necessary for durable peace in the region.
    Let us also note that it will also help alleviate the phenomenon of mass migration to Europe by people who feel they have no choice but to look for better opportunities far from their homeland.
    The UN development system is working on national and cross-border initiatives to support poverty reduction, capacity development, effective governance, natural resource management, early recovery, disaster risk reduction, social cohesion, peace building and resilience.
    One priority must be the regeneration of Lake Chad itself.
    The Lake and its wetlands have now lost 90 per cent of their water due to unsustainable water management practices and climate change.
    I commend the Lake Chad Basin countries’ commitment to the Lake’s regeneration, but the support of the international community will be essential.
    I would also like to acknowledge at this point the support of the Chinese Government for their work on some of the feasibility studies needed for the recharge.

    Mr. President,
    Your recent visit to the Lake Chad Basin has highlighted the urgency and complexity of the crisis faced by the region’s people, and the threat it poses to international peace and security.
    My single clear message today is that the solution lies in holistic thinking.
    The 2030 Agenda provides a blueprint and a tool for providing a better future for the people of the Lake Chad Basin.
    A fundamental requirement for success -- there and around the world is solidarity and partnership – a global partnership for sustainable development, especially in the most fragile contexts where people most need our solidarity and support as their right to a life of dignity.
    To that end, I welcome the work being done by the World Bank in the Lake Chad Basin as well as in Somalia, Yemen and South Sudan.
    I would also like at this point to commend the commitment of the African Union and Africa’s regional organizations to peace, security and the integrated implementation of the 2030 Agenda and Africa’s own Agenda 2063.
    I sincerely believe your visit has boosted the potential for partnership and provided much needed hope for the people of that region, and much needed impetus for we in the UN system to gather all the assets that we have and to put them to much more efficient and effective use for the sake of those who deserve so much more attention than we have been able to give in the recent past.

    Thank you. Amina J. Mohammed


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • More than 338,000 people in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijiar have received humanitarian assistance since localized famine was declared in Leer and Mayendit in South Sudan.

    • Cholera cases have been confirmed in Malakal town, bringing the number of counties affected countrywide to 14.

    • Heavy clashes between armed groups in Jonglei’s Uror and Nyirol counties forced thousands of civilians to flee.

    • New displacement and humanitarian needs continue to be reported in the Greater Equatoria region as a result of ongoing fighting and insecurity.

    UN Relief Chief appeals for funds and access

    Concluding a two-day visit to South Sudan, on 4-5 March 2017, the Under-SecretaryGeneral for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Stephen O’Brien, called for immediate and unhindered access to people in need of aid and urgent funding for the humanitarian appeal.

    “I visited Ganyiel, where I met with people who had fled fighting, fear and famine in Leer and Mayendit, as well as hunger and insecurity in Lakes,” said the Emergency Relief Coordinator. “An elderly woman walked for days through swamps from Leer, with her tenmonth-old grandson on her back, after they were separated from the rest of their family during fighting. Her grandson is now receiving treatment for severe acute malnutrition.
    We urgently need additional funding to scale up, sustain and expand life-saving assistance and protection across all of South Sudan.”

    By July 2017, the humanitarian community estimates that 5.5 million will be severely food insecure. “This is only the beginning of the lean season and, sadly, things could get much, much worse in the months ahead,” said Mr. O’Brien. “We desperately need the fighting to stop. We need calm to prevail now so that we can consistently reach people in dire need, and prevent further catastrophe.”

    During his two-day visit, Mr. O’Brien also met with humanitarian partners and Government officials. “The root cause of this suffering is conflict,” he said. “People have been displaced, brutalised and raped. They have been attacked when they sought out assistance.
    This must stop, and it must stop now.”

    Read more: Press Release- http://bit.ly/2mTTJXx

    Famine response ramps up

    More than 338,000 people in Leer, Mayendit, Koch and Panyijiar have received humanitarian assistance since localized famine was declared in Leer and Mayendit in South Sudan on 20 February, as humanitarian organizations scale-up the provision of food and emergency livelihoods assistance, nutritional supplements, health services, and water, sanitation and hygiene.

    Some 100,000 people are facing starvation in Leer and Mayendit counties, while a further 1 million people are classified as being on the brink of famine across South Sudan, according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) analysis. Famine is considered likely to spread to Koch County and can only be avoided in Panyijiar County if humanitarian assistance is consistently delivered as planned. An estimated 1 million children across the country are acutely malnourished. Humanitarian organizations are using a combination of mobile and static responses to reach people in the hardest-hit areas, including deploying rapid response teams. This week, an inter-agency team has deployed to some of the most remote islands to implement nutrition, health and protection programming.


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    Source: UN Human Rights Council
    Country: Mali

    BAMAKO / GENEVA (9 March 2017) – Serious security threats in northern and central areas of Mali are putting civilians at risk and hampering their access to basic social services, says a UN human rights expert at the end of an eight-day mission to the country.

    The Independent Expert, Suliman Baldo, says: "One indicator of this growing insecurity is the very high number of closed schools in central and northern parts of the country, which may deprive many children of their right to education."

    Mr. Baldo deplored the rise in roadside checkpoints by armed groups and dissidents and the increasing number of attacks on people travelling, including theft of vehicles and the targeting of humanitarian workers. Such crimes, he said, were undermining the security of people living in the affected regions.

    The Independent expert also expressed shock at the number of ongoing attacks which have made the peacekeeping operation in Mali one of the deadliest in the world today. He also paid tribute to those who have given their lives in the ultimate sacrifice for Mali to regain peace and stability.

    During his mission, Mr. Baldo travelled to Gao in the north of the country, where the first joint patrols of combatants representing the parties to the 2015 peace agreement were launched on 23 February. He said: "I encourage the international community to support this process so that these patrols can protect the local population.”

    Mr. Baldo added that a suicide attack on a military base last January in which dozens of people are reported to have been killed showed that the enemies of peace always had the capacity to strike. He said an announcement last week (2 March) of the unification of several violent extremist groups under the banner of Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb showed that the groups were determined to thwart the progress made in implementing the peace agreement.

    "To counter the destabilizing purpose of those who want to derail the peace process is the responsibility of the parties to the agreement and of Mali's international partners," Mr. Baldo added.

    "I have addressed a number of issues, including the question of impunity for human rights violations committed during the 2012 crisis when the north of the country was occupied by extremist groups, followed by a military coup - and in the ensuing period, which has included the fight against terrorism. I call on national and international forces to respect human rights in the conduct of counter-terrorism operations and to increase transparency in investigating allegations of violations related to these operations,” said Mr. Baldo.

    The Expert also expressed concern about conditions of detention and violations of the rights of women, migrants and refugees. He noted some modest progress but remained concerned about the lack of advancement on key issues such as the fight against impunity for serious human rights violations and the capacity of the judicial system in the north and Centre of Mali.

    The Independent Expert urged all parties to the peace agreement to continue to fulfil their commitments under the accord saying it was now necessary to take measures to reassure and secure local populations and to allow the return of state authorities throughout the region as provided for in the peace agreement.

    "The parties owe it to the Malian people to continue to find consensual solutions to their differences and to accelerate the deployment of state resources, including security forces and administrative and judicial personnel, to northern and central areas of the country. The well-being and security of the communities that the parties claim to represent is at stake,” Mr Baldo warned.

    He urged the three parties to ensure unhindered humanitarian access to the population centres affected and ensure the protection of humanitarian personnel and their operations. "The implementation of the Peace and Reconciliation Agreement, and especially the core human rights provisions, is necessary to ensure civilians are safeguarded,” he said.

    The Independent Expert welcomed progress in the field of transitional justice, in particular with the official opening of the Regional Offices of the Justice, Truth and Reconciliation Commission (CVJR) and the starting of depositions. He stressed that much remained to be done, especially in the field of public awareness, but said the process was on the right track.

    "In order to complete its work effectively, the Commission will need sustained technical and financial support," Mr. Baldo observed.

    During his visit, the Independent Expert met the Ministers of Foreign Affairs and Security and Protection of Civilians and other senior officials of the Malian Government, representatives of civil society, including victims' associations and representatives of the armed movements Platform and CMA in both Gao and Bamako. Mr. Baldo also held talks with members of the diplomatic community and the Special Representative of the UN Secretary-General in Mali.

    The independent expert will present a report on the situation of human rights in Mali to the Human Rights Council later this month.

    END

    Mr. Suliman Baldo (Sudan) took up his post as an independent expert on the situation of human rights in Mali on 1 August 2013. The mandate was renewed by the UN Human Rights Council on 15 April 2014 for a period of one year to assist the Government of Mali in its efforts to promote and protect human rights and to implement the recommendations contained in the resolutions of the Council. Mr. Baldo served as Director for Africa at the International Center for Transitional Justice in New York and the International Crisis Group. In 2011, he was one of the three members of the International Commission on Post-Election Violence in Côte d'Ivoire, set up by the UN Human Rights Council.

    Recent reports of the Independent Expert.

    The independent experts are part of what is referred to as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special procedures, the most important body of independent experts in the UN human rights system, are the general term applied to the Council's independent investigative and monitoring mechanisms that address specific situations Countries or thematic issues around the world. Experts on special procedures work on a voluntary basis; They are not part of the UN staff and they do not get a salary for their work. They are independent of governments and organizations and perform their functions on an independent basis.

    UN Human Rights country page Mali

    For additional information and media inquiries, please contact:
    In Geneva: Brian Ruane (+41 22 928 9724 / bruane@ohchr.org)
    In Bamako (during the visit): Guillaume Ngefa (+223 79879118 / ngefa@un.org)

    For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts:
    Bryan Wilson, OHCHR Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9826 / mediaconsultant1@ohchr.org)

    Tag and share - Twitter: @UNHumanRights and Facebook: unitednationshumanrights


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: Médecins Sans Frontières
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    FAITS SAILLANTS

    • 271 millions de dollars recherchés à travers le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire.

    • Le déficit fourrager affecte la scolarisation de 33 000 élèves.

    • Environ 12 millions dollars à mobiliser pour la lutte contre la méningite.

    • Besoins urgents en eau, hygiène et assainissement à Diffa.

    • Acquisition d’un nouvel avion humanitaire.

    271 millions de dollars recherchés cette année

    Le Plan de Réponse Humanitaire (PRH) cible 1,5 million de personnes sur l’ensemble du pays, soit environ 78 pour cent de la population identifiée comme ayant besoin d’assistance par les résultats des analyses issues de l’aperçu des besoins humanitaires. Les interventions prévues dans le cadre du plan viennent en appui et en complément aux programmes humanitaires et de résilience du Gouvernement du Niger.

    Le plan de réponse de cette année présente distinctement les interventions destinées à la population de Diffa affectée par la crise sécuritaire autour du bassin du Lac Tchad et à celle du reste du pays touchée par les conséquences des défis structurels liés à l’insécurité alimentaire, la malnutrition, les inondations et les épidémies.

    A Diffa, près de 326 000 personnes sur une population dans le besoin estimée à 340 000 sont ciblées à travers le PRH. La population ciblée représente ainsi environ 50 pour cent de la population de la région estimée à environ 700 000 habitants (selon les projections de l’INS de 2012) dont les deux tiers sont constitués de personnes déplacées internes, de Nigériens retournés et de réfugiés. Diffa accueille 105 000 réfugiés nigérians, soit la moitié des Nigérians qui ont trouvé refuge au Niger, au Cameroun et au Tchad.

    Pour l’ensemble du pays, les partenaires humanitaires recherchent, à travers le PRH, 271 millions de dollars pour assister les populations affectées par la crise dans le bassin du Lac Tchad et les autres problématiques humanitaires du pays. Le budget des interventions prévues dans la région de Diffa représente 51 pour cent de la requête globale, soit 139 millions de dollars.

    Cette année, le plan de soutien du gouvernement du Niger présente un besoin financier de l’ordre de 232 millions de dollars.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Yemen

    CRISIS OVERVIEW

    Pooled funds are considered to be one of the most efficient mechanisms of humanitarian financing as they reduce transaction costs and allow for a better prioritization of assistance among different organizations. They enable humanitarian partners operating in countries affected by natural disasters and armed conflict to quickly deliver flexible and effective life-saving assistance to people who need it the most. You can contribute to two main types of pooled funds:

    MAKE A FINANCIAL CONTRIBUTION TO A POOLED FUND

    More than 20 million people in North-East Nigeria, South Sudan, Yemen and Somalia are facing famine or a credible risk of famine over the coming six months. Some 1.4 million children are currently at imminent risk of death from malnutrition. To avert a major humanitarian catastrophe the United Nations and its partners must massively scale up efforts now. To do this, humanitarian operations in the four countries require more than US$5.6 billion in 2017, of which at least US$4.4 billion are required urgently.

    COUNTRY-BASED POOLED FUNDS (CBPF)

    A Country-Based Pooled Fund (CBPF) is dedicated to a specific country. Funds are allocated to UN agencies, national and international NGOs and Red Cross/Red Crescent organizations based on thorough in-country consultations and prioritized to meet top humanitarian needs and priorities. To contribute to individual funds for Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen, please go to the links below:

    Nigeria: http://bit.ly/GiveToNigeria
    South Sudan: http://bit.ly/GiveToSSudan
    Somalia: http://bit.ly/GiveToSomalia
    Yemen: bit.ly/GiveToYemen

    To find out more about contributions to and allocations from pooled funds for Yemen, South Sudan, Nigeria and Somalia please click: https://gms.unocha.org/content/cbpf-contributions

    IN-KIND AND SERVICE SUPPORT

    The United Nations urges donors to make cash rather than in-kind donations for maximum speed and flexibility, and to ensure the most appropriate aid is delivered effectively to those most in need. Companies that have employees, suppliers, customers in the region, or those with existing agreements with responding humanitarian organizations, should reach out to and provide support to these groups directly.

    For in-kind donations or pro-bono services that your company can provide, please go to https://business.un.org/en/disasters/7677 or write to pss@un.org.

    Please be as specific as possible with what you wish to donate, including the time-frame for delivery and any other conditions. We will then guide you to the most appropriate organizations. Companies with employees, suppliers, customers in the region, or those with existing agreements with responding

    COMMERCIAL OFFERS

    If your offer is commercial in nature, please go to: www.ungm.org for more information humanitarian organizations should reach out and provide support directly to these groups.

    HUMANITARIAN RESPONSE PLANS

    A Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) is developed for any humanitarian crisis that requires humanitarian assistance. It builds upon a humanitarian needs overview which provides an analysis of the magnitude of the crisis and identifies the most pressing humanitarian needs.

    The plans for Nigeria, South Sudan, Somalia and Yemen identify prioritized needs in the food and livelihoods, nutrition, health, water and sanitation sectors.

    The full plans are available here:

    Nigeria: http://bit.ly/NigeriaHRP2017
    South Sudan: http://bit.ly/SouthSudanHRP201
    Somalia: http://bit.ly/SomaliaHRP2017
    Yemen: http://bit.ly/YemenHRP2017

    OCHA manages the Financial Tracking Service (FTS), which records all reported humanitarian contributions including cash and in-kind donations. Its aim is to record the total amount of funding and resource gaps in humanitarian crises.

    To give credit and visibility for your generosity please report your contributions to fts@un.org and pss@un.org If your contribution is in-kind, please refer to the guide to valuation of in-kind contributions from the private sector here:

    www.humanitarianresponse.info/ru/programme-cycle/space/document/guide-valuation-kind-contributions-private-sector

    Critical Reminders

    • The UN Secretary-General encourages companies to coordinate their response efforts with the United Nations and the relevant governments in order to ensure coherence with priorities and to minimize gaps and any duplication with the other responders. All responders are encouraged to source supplies locally whenever possible to help stimulate the economy and speed up recovery.

    • All response activities should be guided by the humanitarian principles of humanity, impartiality, neutrality and independence. Engagement with local stakeholders is crucial to corporate engagement in humanitarian response. Relief efforts succeed when they collaboratively mobilize civil society.

    • Business contributions to the UN response efforts must comply with the Guidelines on Cooperation between the UN and the Business Sector www.business.un.org/en/documents/guidelines Business can obtain more information on partnering with the UN in response to this crisis at https://business.un.org/en/disasters/7677

    RECOGNIZING YOUR CONTRIBUTION

    OCHA manages the Financial Tracking Service (FTS), which records all reported humanitarian contributions including cash and in-kind donations. Its aim is to record the total amount of funding and resource gaps in humanitarian crises.

    To give credit and visibility for your generosity please report your contributions to fts@un.org and pss@un.org

    If your contribution is in-kind, please refer to the guide to valuation of in-kind contributions from the private sector here:

    www.humanitarianresponse.info/ru/programme-cycle/space/document/guide-valuation-kind-contributions-private-sector


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    Source: CARE, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Protection Cluster
    Country: Mali

    Introduction

    Après les attaques inter communautaires du 11 février 2017 dans le cercle de Macina (région de Ségou) à l’issue desquelles plusieurs personnes se sont déplacées à l’intérieur des cercles de Macina et Niono, une mission inter-agence composée de OCHA, - PAM, - Cluster Protection et des ONG CARE et de l’ONG ASDAP, s’est rendue sur le terrain du 24 février au 1er mars 2017.

    L’objectif principal de la mission était de faire une évaluation rapide des besoins humanitaires et de protection des personnes déplacées. Les principaux besoins urgents constatés dans tous les secteurs sont tels que repris dans les recommandations ci-dessous :

    Tableau récapitulatif des recommandations de la mission : (voir le rapport complet)

    I- Contexte de la mission

    À la suite de l’assassinat d’un boutiquier par des individus non identifiés le 11 février 2017, une altercation violente a éclaté dans les campements de Toguere Were et Niana Peulh. Le bilan officiel selon les autorités administratives était de 21 morts dont une fillette de 8 ans et un garçon de 14 ans et 18 personnes blessées dont 6 évacuées à l’hôpital Niankoro Fomba de Ségou. Le reste des blessées ont été prise en charge au CS Réf de Macina.

    Par crainte des représailles, plus de 9.112 personnes selon le DTM du 02mars 2017 ont quitté le village de Diawalibougou situé à 7 km de Macina, des hameaux de Toguere Were et Niana peulh. Certaines se sont installées dans la commune de Macina, mais la majorité a préféré partir dans le cercle de Niono dont elles sont originaires. Par ailleurs, de nombreuses autres personnes ont traversé le fleuve pour s’installer à Diafarabé située à 45 km de Tenekoun, et dont le nombre est estimé pour le moment à 275 personnes d’après l’évaluation rapide réalisée par les ONG IRC, MSF France. D’après ce rapport, certains ménages se seraient rendus vers Djenné.

    C’est dans ce contexte qu’une mission inter agences a quitté Bamako le 24 février pour se rendre dans les zones touchées par les violences. Cette mission était composée de deux staffs d’OCHA, de deux staffs du PAM et d’un staff du HCR représentant le cluster protection. Au niveau de Ségou, la mission a été accompagnée sur le terrain, notamment à Macina et à Niono, par l’ONG internationale CARE et l’ONG nationale ASDAP.

    A Macina, la mission a travaillé avec les bureaux locaux des ONG Terres des Hommes, AMAPROS, ASSAFE/CARE, AMAPROS, GRAFE et ASDAP. Pour l’étape de Niono, les ONGs HKI, ALPHALOG, AMAPROS, ASSAFE, PEF-GS, ONG-APSM, AMDH-Niono, Djigi/ASDAP , AMDH-Niono, ont accompagné la mission dans les visites aux personnes déplacées et les séances de travail avec les autorités locales.


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    Source: Catholic Relief Services, International Organization for Migration, UN Development Programme, Norwegian Refugee Council, CARE, UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, World Food Programme, Action Contre la Faim France, Solidarités International, Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali

    Date: 23 au 28 Février 2017
    Participants: OCHA (Sidi Ahmed Adiawiakoye), OIM (Ali Tandina), PNUD (Fatandane Bouya) PAM (Seydou Abba Cissé, Mohamedoun Ag Abdoussalam, Bouya Baba), Solidarité International (Salif Coulibaly, Bichi Ag Mohamed Lamine), ACF E (Ibrahima Himaidou), CRS (Aboubacrine Mohamed), NRC (Ahmadou Ag Agoumar), APADL (Mahamane Touré), CARE MALI (Youssouf Ousmane)
    Mode de déplacement: Avion et Route
    Durée de la mission : Départ de Tombouctou le 23 Févier et retour à Tombouctou le 28 Février 2017.
    Objectifs principaux de la mission :

    • Confirmer les intentions des populations déplacées concernant leur retour dans leurs lieux d’origine
    • Proposer en collaboration avec les autorités locales des solutions durables pour les déplacés
    • Evaluer les besoins spécifiques des enfants des déplacés et des rapatriés des localités visitées

    II. CONTEXTE GENERAL

    Depuis mai 2015, les déplacés en provenance d’Essakane, Bintagoungou et Tin Aicha sont arrivés sur le site actuel de la ville de Goundam. Selon la dernière mission conjointe de coordination de Décembre 2016, on estimait à 900 ménages le nombre de déplacés sur le site de Goundam. Plusieurs missions d’évaluation ou de suivi de la situation humanitaire, qui ont été organisées dans la commune de Goundam, ont eu à s’entretenir avec les déplacés. Il est ressorti au cours de ces échanges, la crainte éprouvée par les déplacés à retourner dans leurs lieux d’origine, pour des raisons sécuritaires et climatiques.
    Selon d’autres sources les déplacés ne souhaitent plus retourner dans leurs lieux d’origine et désirent rester définitivement dans le lieu de déplacement. Ils ont même pu acquérir des lopins de terre pour pratiquer l’agriculture. Il se trouve également que le site sur lequel se trouve les déplacés est une propriété privée. A côté de ces déplacés, le cercle de de Goundam est aussi une zone de retour des rapatriés.
    Apres s’être refugiés dans les pays voisins suite à la crise, les réfugiés sont de retour chez eux pour une partie d’entre eux. Ils sont confrontés à de nombreux problèmes qui minent leur réinsertion communautaire. C’est l’ensemble de ces problématiques que rencontrent ces catégories de personnes vulnérables, dont parmi elles se trouvent de nombreux enfants en âge d’aller à l’école et les femmes. Une mission conjointe multisectorielle est organisée, afin d’évaluer les besoins spécifiques de ces personnes, et proposer des solutions durables en termes de réponses aux problèmes qu’ils rencontrent. Cette mission permettra d’avoir un aperçu de la situation humanitaire des communes visitées.


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