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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
    Country: Afghanistan, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Gambia, Iraq, Malaysia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, World

    Feature

    Nigeria

    Affected areas
    Rann

    Cause of displacement
    Conflict

    Figures
    Between 90 and 230 IDPs killed

    Context

    Between 90 and 230 IDPs were killed on 17 January when the Nigerian air force accidentally bombed a displacement camp in Rann, in north-eastern Nigeria, while targeting Boko Haram militants (Le Monde, 24 January 2017). The overall situation continues to be of concern, with tens of thousands of displaced people in Rann struggling with severe food shortages and high levels of malnutrition (OCHA, 19 January 2017). The UN Special Rapporteur on the human rights of internally displaced persons, Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, expressed dismay at the bombing. “This tragedy should never have happened and brings into stark focus the perilous situation that many internally displaced persons continue to experience in this region of Nigeria. The safety of IDPs must be guaranteed,” she said (OHCHR, 19 January 2017).


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    Source: Action on Armed Violence
    Country: Afghanistan, Iraq, Nigeria, Pakistan, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, World, Yemen

    Action on Armed Violence (AOAV) records incidents of explosive violence as they occur around the world. In the last month of 2016, there were at least 3,634 casualties of explosive violence (people killed and injured). Civilians made up 74% of all the people who were recorded killed or injured around the world by explosive weapons in December.

    Whilst , the civilian deaths fell compared to the previous month, the armed actor deaths rose. Both returning close to the monthly average for each during 2016.

    The top five most impacted countries this month were: Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Nigeria, and Somalia.

    Whilst Syria and Iraq remained in their usual positions, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Yemen (recorded as 3rd, 4th and 5th respectively in November) disappeared from the table.

    Whilst Pakistan and Afghanistan saw decreased levels of harm from explosive violence, for Yemen it was merely a change in target. Yemen saw substantial harm to army personnel from non-state actors, instead of high-levels of civilian harm by state actors.

    Yemen experienced two ISIS suicide attacks in Aden. The first on December 12th, killed and injured over 90 soldiers at an army base in Aden. A similar attack on December 18th saw the suicide bomber kill and injure over 130 soldiers queuing to collect their salaries. Though Saudi airstrikes continued to cause civilian harm.

    Turkey’s rise in civilian deaths and injuries is primarily due to one high-profile incident that saw a car bomb, using 300kg of explosives, and suicide bomber detonate outside of soccer stadium in Istanbul. The event caused the death of many armed actors and civilians. Some of those listed as civilian injuries may however be those of police, as news sources did not specify how many of the injured were police or civilian.

    In Nigeria, all attacks were IEDs of which three of the four incidents were suicide bombings, where two used multiple bombers. All five suicide bombers were female and at least three were children. The most lethal attack caused over 100 deaths and injuries, when two female suicide bombers targeted a market in Madagali, in Adamawa State.

    Whilst AMISOM caused civilian deaths and injuries in Somalia in December, most were caused by a suicide truck bomb perpetrated by al-Shabaab at the entrance to the port in Mogadishu. Whilst al-Shabaab said the attack targeted security officials, other sources recorded that the majority of the victims were civiliansincluding port workers.

    Similar levels of harm were recorded in December 2015– though Chad was in the five most impacted, where now, fortunately, the Boko Haram insurgency has been significantly reduce


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Mali

    Key facts

    Location: Mali, Mopti region (district of Bandiagara)
    Target group: 3 000 vulnerable households from 64 villages
    Gender: Women represent 50% of the participants of the programme, which specifically supports women's communication and leadership skills
    Nutrition: Improving nutrition is a central objective of the programme, with production, training and awareness- raising activities
    Governance: Reinforcing local authorities for improved governance and coordination and increased collective impact at the local level
    Partnership: Ongoing collaboration with WFP and UNICEF at field level

    In Mali, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is implementing the “Caisses de Résilience” approach with a strong focus on nutrition to support 3 000 vulnerable households in 64 villages in the Mopti region (district of Bandiagara).
    The three-year programme, launched in February 2015, aims to improve nutrition, the empowerment of women and livelihoods resilience of agropastoral households vulnerable to food insecurity, through an integrated set of productive, social, nutritional and financial interventions. Ò approach In Mali, training and capacity development of producers through the Farmer Field Schools (FFS) and Agro Pastoral Field and Life Schools (APFLS) are at the heart of the programme. Technical support is provided by a multidisciplinary team composed of agriculture, livestock, health and social development experts who assist men and women farmers through a “School without Walls,” a participatory platform for exchange and dialogue which allows members to learn by observation and direct experimentation in their own fields and households.
    The programme is implemented by FAO in partnership with local authorities, community leaders, a local NGO (GAAS Mali) and Government technical services, as well as in close collaboration with WFP and UNICEF as part of a joint action plan to strengthen synergies and complementarity of their interventions in the same villages. Through this collaboration, the same communities bene t from an integrated support package in terms of food, production and access to basic services (water, health, education, nutrition). Joint missions of the three agencies take place regularly.
    Targeting of beneficiaries is based on economical and food security criteria (using the Household Economy Approach - HEA1), combined with nutrition and anthropometric criteria. The baseline survey also includes a qualitative study on nutrition and food consumption behaviors.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan, Uganda

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Fighting in the vicinity of Wau Shilluk and Malakal has displaced civilians and disrupted humanitarian activities.

    • More than 52,600 South Sudanese fled to Uganda in January.

    • South Sudanese are likely to face extreme levels of food insecurity in an extended lean season from February to July 2017.

    • After extensive negotiations, a humanitarian team travelled to the Greater Baggari area, outside Wau town.

    • Following disruptions to humanitarian operations, health partners have stepped up response to cholera in Panyijiar County.

    FIGURES

    No. of Internally Displaced People - 1.85 million
    No. of refugees in neighboring countries - 1.4 million
    No. of people assisted in 2016 (as of 30 Nov) - 4.9 million

    Fighting in Upper Nile causes displacement, disrupts humanitarian assistance

    Fighting in late January and early February in the vicinity of Wau Shilluk and Malakal town, Upper Nile, has displaced civilians and caused the temporary suspension of several humanitarian activities.

    Wau Shilluk –which had a population of around 20,400 internally displaced people and host community prior to the fighting– is reported to be largely deserted, with most civilians having fled north to Lul, Padiet, Pathaw and Kodok. There are unverified reports that civilians were killed during the fighting in Wau Shilluk which began on 25 January. Renewed clashes were reported on 3 February.

    As a result of the fighting in late January, several humanitarian activities were disrupted, including biometric registration in Wau Shilluk, a vaccination campaign in Malakal town and Wau Shilluk, and training of county health workers on disease surveillance, outbreak control and investigation in Malakal town. Sixteen aid workers were relocated from Wau Shilluk to Kodok by road and subsequently airlifted from Kodok to Juba during the fighting.

    Key emergency services, including management of health clinics and provision of water, continued to be provided in Wau Shilluk by local staff who remained on the ground following the initial clashes. However, these staff were themselves forced to flee when fighting resumed on 3 February. UN Humanitarian Air Service to Malakal have been suspended since fighting started on 25 January.

    Separately, clashes have also been reported near Renk, including in Gabat, Abukhadr and Mamur on the western bank of the Nile. On 30 January, a humanitarian partner was forced to suspend health operations in Renk area due to ongoing shelling and small arms fire, and a humanitarian flight was cancelled on 2 February.
    There have been reports of civilian displacement.


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Niger

    Niger : soutien à des dizaines de milliers de personnes en 2016 dans la région de Diffa

    Dans la région de Diffa, nous continuons d'apporter notre soutien aux populations déplacées et résidentes touchées par le conflit, en étroite collaboration avec la Fédération internationale de la Croix-Rouge et du Croissant-Rouge, la Croix-Rouge luxembourgeoise et la Croix-Rouge nigérienne.

    Durant l'année 2016, à Diffa, nous avons offert une prise en charge médicale aux blessés de guerre et soutenu les structures sanitaires de la région qui soignent les populations touchées par le conflit. Nous avons aussi distribué de la nourriture, favorisé l'accès à l'eau potable, aidé à réunir les membres de familles dispersées et soutenu l'élevage et l'agriculture. Enfin, nos équipes ont également visité des personnes détenues et travaillé à la promotion du droit et des valeurs humanitaires universelles.

    Faits marquants de l'action du CICR à Diffa au Niger en 2016 :

    • 223 650 personnes déplacées ou de retour chez elles ont reçu 14 00 tonnes de vivres (mil, riz, haricots, sorgho, huile, sel et Super Cereal.)

    • 48 000 personnes (1 500 ménages) ont pu couvrir leurs besoins en céréales durant la période de soudure grâce à 50 tonnes de mil mises à disposition dans 4 banques céréalières dans des communes ayant enregistré de profonds déficits de production agricole.

    • 875 interventions chirurgicales ont été effectuées avec notre soutien au Centre hospitalier régional (CHR), où nous avons une équipe chirurgicale d'appui composée d'un médecin anesthésiste-réanimateur, d'un chirurgien et de 4 infirmiers (stérilisation, bloc opératoire et soins post-opératoires) et où nous assurons des formations du personnel.

    • 193 000 personnes ont bénéficié d'un accès facilité à l'eau potable grâce à la réparation de 20 forages, la création de 25 autres forages, la fourniture de 3 pompes doseuses et la construction de 4 postes autonomes d'eau et de 4 bornes fontaines.

    • 1 650 détenus souffrant de malnutrition ont été traités avec des compléments nutritionnels que nous avons fourni et 3 300 détenus ont bénéficié d' un meilleur accès à l'eau potable.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Haiti, Iraq, Kenya, Lesotho, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Swaziland, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    Background

    The Global Early Warning – Early Action (EWEA) report on food security and agriculture is developed by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO). The report is part of FAO’s EWEA system, which aims to translate forecasts and early warnings into anticipatory action.
    EWEA enables FAO to act early before disasters have happened and to mitigate or even prevent their impact. By lessening damages to livelihoods and protecting assets and investments, FAO can help local livelihoods become more resilient to threats and crises.

    The Global EWEA report is a quarterly forward-looking analytical summary of major disaster risks to food security and agriculture. The report specifically highlights two types of contexts:

    • Potential new emergencies caused by imminent disaster threats; and

    • The risk of a significant deterioration in countries currently in a situation of protracted crisis or already in the response stage of an emergency, with a severe impact on food security and/or agriculture. For this kind of risk, the analysis will focus on the additional risk factors which would, either alone or in combination with others, lead to a substantial deterioration of the situation.

    Countries affected by protracted crises or already in the response stage of an emergency, where there are limited signs of a significant deterioration, are not included in the report.

    However, an overview of countries with humanitarian response plans or emergency plans is provided on page 2.

    The report’s summary is rooted in the analysis provided by existing FAO corporate and joint multi-agency information and early warning systems, mainly:

    • Global Information and Early Warning System on Food and Agriculture (GIEWS);

    • Food Chain Crisis and Emergency Prevention System (FCC-EMPRES); and

    • Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC).

    Additional corporate information and external sources are also consulted for the development of this report. A detailed list is available on page 20.

    Through a consensus-based process countries have been indicated as “high risk” when there is a very likely new emergency or deterioration of the current situation with potentially severe effects on agriculture and food security, and in which FAO and partners should start implementing early actions on a no-regret basis. Countries listed as “on watch” instead have a moderate to high likelihood of a new emergency or deterioration of the current situation, with potentially moderate or significant impacts on agriculture and food security. An overview of the risk ranking methodology is provided on page 4.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    Highlights

    • Nigerian military aircraft on 17 January accidentally bombed a settlement hosting internally displaced people (IDPs) in Rann, a locality in the far-east of Borno state. Ninety-eight injured people were transferred to Borno capital Maiduguri for treatment in the days following the airstrike. In Rann, 319 people were treated.

    • The food security sector assisted more than 1 million people in January. Some 5.1 million people are projected to face “emergency” and “crisis” levels of food insecurity in the coming months.

    • 2,731 children were treated for Severe Acute Malnutrition in January. .

    • Continuous flows of IDPs into Damboa, Gwoza,
    Dikwa, Konduga, Monguno, Pulka • There is a growing need for water, sanitation and health services.

    Situation Overview

    On 17 January, military aircraft accidentally bombed Rann, a locality in the far-east of Borno state that hosts around 35,000 IDPs. The airstrike occurred as International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) aid workers were starting to distribute food to the IDPs and Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) was vaccinating against measles and also distributing food.

    An emergency medical evacuation mobilized soon after the incident, in which six Nigerian Red Cross aid workers were killed. It involved the UN Humanitarian Air Service (UNHAS) and military helicopters. According to various sources, more than 100 people were killed in the bombing. Ninety-eight people were evacuated to Maiduguri in the four-day operation, according to ICRC, whose surgical team performed 78 operations in Maiduguri hospitals and treated 107 injured people in Rann.

    MSF treated around 150 patients in Rann, 80 of whom needed life-saving care on the day of the bombing. They also supported the ICRC medical evacuations and their medical personnel accompanied some patients during airlifts. They also treated a further 62 patients in Rann on subsequent days.

    Aid groups expressed shock at the incident and called for better civilian protection and respect of humanitarian space.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan, Uganda

    In Numbers

    1.83 million internally displaced people (OCHA)
    1,291,323 South Sudanese refugees (UNHCR)
    223,994 seeking shelter with the UN (UNMISS)
    4.6 million people projected to require food assistance from January—April 2017 (WFP estimate)

    Highlights

    • A Country Portfolio Evaluation is currently underway through which the appropriateness of WFP’s strategy in South Sudan will be assessed against the performance and results of the operations.

    • WFP has rolled out a complaints and feedback mechanism as part of efforts to strengthen communications with communities.

    Highlights

    • WFP’s Office of Evaluation is conducting a Country Portfolio Evaluation of WFP’s activities in South Sudan. The evaluation, which is conducted by a team of independent consultants, covers the 2011 - 2016 period of WFP’s operations in South Sudan. It assesses the appropriateness of WFP’s strategy, factors and quality of strategic decision-making, and the performance and results of WFP’s portfolio. The evaluation will be finalized in mid-2017 and will inform the development of WFP’s Country Strategic Plan in South Sudan.

    • To strengthen communications with beneficiaries of WFP’s food assistance activities, a complaints and feedback mechanism pilot has been established in Aweil, Mingkaman and Juba. A hotline system has been set up through which beneficiaries are able to contact WFP to address any concerns or to ask questions. Information sharing on the ground in the three pilot locations is being strengthened to better inform beneficiaries on their entitlements as well as the food distribution process and timeline.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Mali

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Favourable weather conditions during cropping season contributed to record 2016 cereal output

    • Coarse grain prices have been stable in recent months and remained close to year‑earlier levels

    • Humanitarian assistance still needed despite improved civil and food security situation

    Favourable weather conditions during cropping season contributed to record 2016 cereal output

    Abundant rains contributed to a bumper 2016 harvest for the third consecutive year. Harvesting of maize, millet and sorghum was completed in November, while harvesting of rice concluded in January 2017. According to preliminary findings, a record cereal output was gathered following beneficial rains from July over the main producing areas of the country. The 2016 aggregate cereal production was estimated at nearly 9 million tonnes, about 11 percent higher than the 2015 bumper crop and 35 percent above the average of the previous five years. The production of millet, the most important staple, increased by 3 percent, while rice production increased by 21 percent to about 2.8 million tonnes. Pastoral conditions were also satisfactory. The filling levels of most water points were adequate and animals remained in good condition.

    A bumper crop was gathered in 2014 and 2015 following favourable rains. The 2015 aggregate cereals production was estimated at some 8 million tonnes, about 16 percent higher than the 2014 bumper crop and 28 percent above the average of the previous five years.

    Coarse grain prices stable in most markets and similar to year-earlier levels

    Prices of millet and sorghum have been generally stable and similar to their year-earlier levels in recent months, reflecting good supplies from several consecutive years of above-average harvests. In Bamako, prices of sorghum in January 2017 were close to their levels in January 2016. Prices are expected to remain at low levels in the short term as a result of enhanced supplies from the new bumper harvest.

    Livestock markets are well supplied and animals are in good conditions. However, livestock demand has been hampered due to reduced imports from Algeria and Nigeria. The faltering demand for livestock from Algerian buyers is due to the current outbreak of Rift Valley Fever in Niger whereas buyers in Nigeria have been negatively affected by the steep depreciation of their local currency.

    Agricultural production hampered by persisting insecurity

    Agriculture was seriously damaged during the last civil strife in parts of the country. Labour shortages due to population displacements, lack of agricultural support services in the northern half, fragmentation of the markets and other difficulties related to civil security have had a serious negative impact on agricultural production and food markets. According to OCHA, as of end-October 2016, there are an estimated 36 690 internally‑displaced people in Mali mostly residing in Timbuktu, the most affected region.

    Continued assistance still needed for vulnerable people

    The lingering effects of the disruptions caused by the recent civil strife have had a very adverse, longer‑term impact on household assets and savings, notably in the northern part of the country. Several segments of the population still need food and non‑food assistance to restore their livelihoods and enable them to have better access to food. About 176 500 people, located mostly in Timbuktu, Mopti and Sikasso regions, are estimated to be in Phase: 3 Crisis and above, according to the latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis conducted in the country.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Above-average cereal harvest gathered in 2016

    • Coarse grain prices remained at high levels driven mostly by weak local currency

    • Food security situation deteriorated significantly in Borno State due to impact of civil conflict

    Above-average cereal harvest gathered in 2016

    Harvesting of the 2016 cereal crops was completed in January 2017. In spite of the late onset of the 2016 rainy season in the middle and northern parts of the country, above‑average and well‑distributed rainfall from mid‑July benefited crop development in the major producing states of the country. Moreover, an enhanced Government support to the agricultural sector and higher commodity prices supported areas and yields increases in some regions. In the northeast, however, the Boko Haram conflict has had a huge impact on agriculture as a result of the large-scale population displacement and the restrictions imposed on agriculture activities, leading to a sharp drop in planted areas in some states, notably in Borno. Overall, the country’s aggregate cereal output in 2016 was tentatively estimated at about 22.6 million tonnes, 5 percent higher than the 2015 above-average level.

    Food and fuel prices remain high driven by weak currency and civil insecurity

    Good supplies from the new 2016 harvest contained the strong food prices upward trend of the previous months. However, the weak local currency and insecurity in some areas limited the decline and kept food prices well above their year-earlier levels, particularly those of sorghum. In northern Nigeria’s largest city, Kano, coarse grains prices remained more than twice their year-earlier levels. The high food prices are driven mostly by the steep depreciation of the local currency. The Nigerian Naira (NGN) has depreciated by more than 50 percent since early 2016, seriously affecting regional price trends and trade flows. Nigerian cereal exports to regional markets have increased, putting pressure on domestic food supplies. The weak currency has also supressed Nigerian demand for imports from neighbouring countries, affecting household income and food security particularly in the Sahel countries that usually export livestock and cash crops to Nigeria.

    The Central Bank of Nigeria decided to allow the Naira to float against the US dollar as of mid‑June 2016. The change in policy was aimed at harmonizing the official and parallel exchange rates. The measure follows the critical foreign currency shortages and a significant depreciation of the Naira on the parallel market caused by the decline in international oil prices. According to the International Monetary Fund, international crude oil prices fell by 25 percent over 2015, leading to a 40 percent drop in Nigerian exports and doubling the Government deficit. Domestic fuel prices increased by about 67 percent. Prices of imported and local foods also rose significantly.

    High import dependency persists

    In August 2016, the Government launched its new Agriculture Promotion Policy (APP) for 2016-2020. The APP is expected to build on the achievements of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda (ATA) implemented by the previous Government to reduce the country’s reliance on food imports. The ATA was implemented from 2012-2016 and focused on five key crops, including rice, sorghum and cassava. A number of import substitution measures were introduced to support domestic production, including the mandatory inclusion of 10 percent of cassava flour in bread. Input availability and access were also supported in the framework of the ATA, which aims to make Nigeria self‑sufficient in rice. The Central Bank of Nigeria also banned importers from accessing foreign exchange markets in 41 categories of items, including rice. The ban was partially lifted in October 2015, when imports through the land borders were once again allowed after the payment of appropriate duties and charges. However, these measures amplified informal cross border imports from neighbouring coastal countries resulting in the Nigerian Customs Service to reintroduce the policy to restrict rice imports through land borders as of 25 March 2016.

    Nigeria remains a food deficit country with cereal imports (mostly rice and wheat) forecast to exceed 7 million tonnes in 2017. The country is still the largest rice importer in Africa.

    Food insecurity reaches extreme level in pockets of Nigeria’s Borno State

    The continued conflict in the northern part of the country has resulted in widespread disruption in agricultural and marketing activities and has caused massive displacement. According to OCHA, about 1.8 million people have been internally‑displaced in the Northeast Region as of January 2017, while over 200 000 are refugees in neighbouring Niger, Cameroon and Chad. The conflict has left a significant portion of the population without access to adequate food, water and health services. According to the last Cadre Harmonisé (CH) analysis conducted in October 2016 in Nigeria, 8.1 million people – 9 percent of the population studied – were facing acute food insecurity and required urgent lifesaving response and livelihood protection. Around 6.2 million people (7 percent) were in CH Phase 3: Crisis, 1.8 million (2 percent) were in CH Phase 4: Emergency and 55 000 people were in CH Phase 5: Famine (i.e. IPC Catastrophe). A further 18.6 million people (22 percent) were in CH Phase 2: Stress, requiring resilience-building interventions.

    Projections indicate that the situation is likely to deteriorate during the next lean period (June-August 2017): 8.7 million people are expected to be in Crisis, 2 million in Emergency and 121 000 in Famine conditions, bringing the total number of severely food-insecure people to 11 million. The October 2016 Cadre Harmonisé estimates that 4.7 million people are in need of urgent assistance (Phase 3 or higher) in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states of northeast Nigeria, 3.3 million of them in Borno State alone. Although the territories in these areas are being liberated, trends show that food security and nutrition are worsening, especially in Borno. The population in need of immediate humanitarian assistance (those in Phases 3 to 5) increased from 2 million in August 2016 to 3.3 million in October-December 2016 and are expected to reach 3.6 million in August 2017, representing nearly 65 percent of the population of Borno. The State is projected to be home to 96 percent of the population (115 700 people) expected to face Famine conditions (IPC Catastrophe), during the next lean season – with the remaining located in Yobe (5 600 people).


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    Source: INGO Forum in Nigeria
    Country: Nigeria

    In this issue

    • About the Nigeria INGO Forum

    • INGO Forum continues in its effort to contribute to the North-East response

    • In-Focus: Health in emergency

    • Did You Know?

    • Facts and Figures

    • Forum Members' Products


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, Nutrition Cluster
    Country: Nigeria

    Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM)

    In 2016 the community management of acute malnutrition (CMAM) program operated across 57 local government areas (LGAs) at 399 sites in Adamawa, Borno, and Yobe states (see Map 1). A total of 169,874 children, 43 per cent of the 398,188 targeted children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM), were admitted to therapeutic feeding programs.* The performance indicators show an 86 per cent cure rate, 10 per cent defaulter rate and one per cent death rate which are within minimum Sphere standards. However, there are significant differences in the performance of the program when data is disaggregated by LGA and CMAM sites.

    CMAM new admissions increased during the first three quarters as the emergency response was scaled up. The small reduction in the fourth quarter is mainly due to seasonal affects (see Chart 1). Borno state had 91,595 new admissions of which 27% were in Maiduguri and Jere LGAs alone, probably due to the high population including Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) living in those LGAs. The CMAM program in Adamawa state was interrupted in July and August 2016 by a health workers strike, which contributed to the low admission rate in the state.

    Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF)

    In 2016, 282,290 pregnant women and women with children under two years old were reached with Infant and Young Child (IYCF) counselling in 38 LGAs across the three states.* This was only 44 per cent of the 637,952 target for the year and more support is required for the IYCF program to address the need.

    Multiple Micronutrient Deficiency Control (MNDC)

    In 2016, 161,723 children aged 6-23 months were provided with micronutrient powder in 47 LAGs across the three states. This is 64 per cent of the 253,130 target for the year but only 20 per cent of the estimated overall need of 797,441 children.* There is a significant gap between funding resources and the requirements for a scale up to reach all the children in the emergency states.

    Overall partner response

    By the end of the year 14 partners had responded to the emergency in 59 LGAs with nine partners responded in Jere, seven in Maiduguri, reducing to one partner in 39 of the other LGAs (see Map 2).


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    Source: UN Mission in South Sudan
    Country: South Sudan

    UNMISS “Protection of Civilians” (PoC) Sites

    • As of 27 January 2017, a total of number of civilians seeking safety in six Protection of Civilians (PoC) sites located on UNMISS bases is 223,994 including 120,079 in Bentiu, 33,191 in Malakal, 38,942 in Juba UN House, 1,976 in Bor, 681 in Melut and 200 in Wau, in Western Bahr El Ghazal adjusted area 28,925.

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    Source: UN Children's Fund, Government of Nigeria
    Country: Nigeria

    Executive Summary

    The Boko Haram conflict was declared to be a state of emergency at the beginning of 2012 by the government of Nigeria. In May 2013, the area under the state of emergency was extended to include all of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states in Northeastern Nigeria. The insurgency and political violence has caused mass population displacement. According to the International Organization of Migration’s (IOM) October 2016 report, there were 1,392,927, 170,070 and 124,706 internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states respectively.

    Conflict and resulting mass displacement often results in increased prevalence of acute malnutrition and mortality. The most recent state level estimates of global acute malnutrition are from the National Nutrition and Health Survey (July to September 2015) which found 10.9% (8.6, 13.7 95% CI) in Yobe, 11.5% (8.8, 14.9 95% CI) in Borno, and 7.1% (5.0, 10.1 95% CI) in Adamawa.
    These state level estimates excluded areas of Borno that were inaccessible due to security.

    Additionally, more recent data, collected since the declaration of the nutrition emergency in April 2016, suggest an increase in prevalence of acute malnutrition in some areas of N.E. Nigeria. Small scale SMART surveys conducted in the local government areas (LGAs) of Jere,Kaga,Konduga, and Monguno town between April and August 2016 documented prevalence of global acute malnutrition (GAM) ranging from 13.0-27.3%.

    Additionally, screening data collected by NGOs and United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)-supported teams in Yobe and Borno states included assessments of IDPs with the proportion of children with global acute malnutrition [as identified by mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) and/or oedema] reported to be over 80%. These initial assessments provide an indication of increasing levels of acute malnutrition. However, there remained many areas of the emergency states with no information to inform the ongoing response.

    Given the severe situation suggested by the small-scale surveys and screening data, as well as increased access to newly liberated areas since the emergency declaration, surveys were organized with the primary objective of providing representative estimates for prevalence of acute malnutrition among children (by weight-for-height and MUAC), as well as mortality rate in N. E. Nigeria to inform the ongoing emergency response. Information on nutritional status of women, prevalence of common child health morbidities, access to health services and health status among children, infant feeding, and household water and sanitation were also collected as part of the surveys.

    These surveys were carried out by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in coordination with the National Population Commission (NPC), the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH), and the Nigeria Nutrition in Emergency Working Group (NiEWG). Financial support was provided by the Government of Nigeria, United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the United Nations Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). Technical support was provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and UNICEF through NBS.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Nigeria

    In Numbers

    1.8 m people displaced, of which 1.3 million in Borno and 0.13 million in Yobe States

    4.4 m people food insecure in Borno and Yobe States

    Highlights

    • In January, WFP, both directly and through partnerships, reached 787,400 people with in-kind food distributions, 234,000 children aged 6-59 months with specialized nutritious food and 218,300 beneficiaries through Cash Based Transfers (CBT), reaching overall 1,064,000 people.

    • In February, WFP, both directly and through partnerships, plans to reach a total of 1.3 million beneficiaries.

    Situation Update

    • The crisis induced by the Boko Haram insurgency remains the main driving factor of instability in northeast Nigeria and has the potential to cause further displacements and increase food insecurity.

    • Markets remain disrupted in the affected areas and challenges to reaching people in need remain, due to high levels of insecurity and hence restricted access.

    • Because of a significantly below-average harvest (50 percent below the five-year average) the annual lean season is expected to start early in April-May instead of July and given the limited purchasing power and the depletion of household stocks, millions of people are likely to remain severely food insecure until October 2017.


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    Source: Sudan Tribune
    Country: South Sudan

    February 5, 2017 (JUBA) – Members of South Sudan’s armed opposition faction (SPLM-IO) have warned of what they described as a humanitarian “catastrophic” in Unity state, if aid workers operating in the area fail to respond to needs of the people affected by war.

    The spokesperson for rebels in the area, James Yoach Biding, said Koch, Leer and Rubkotna counties were the areas worst-affected by the current crisis.

    According to Yoach, those who fled fighting and sought refuge in the bushes for several months, no longer have access to humanitarian assistance, and this has put their lives at risk of famine.

    “If there will be no quick humanitarian intervention, the areas of Koch, Leer and Rubkona counties shall have the worst humanitarian conditions record. You know that since last year, government forces devastated these locations by burning down house, looting properties and destroying health facilities,” he told Sudan Tribune.

    Thousands of people, aid agencies say, fled their homes in the aftermath of clashes between forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and those allied to the country’s former First Vice-President, Riek Machar.

    Yoach said those displaced by fighting lacked food, medicine and other essential items and have now been surviving on wild fruits and leaves for months in the bush.

    Members of the armed opposition are now appealing for quick humanitarian intervention especially in remote areas before the situation is out of control.

    (ST)


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    Source: Islamic Development Bank
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Mali, Saudi Arabia, Senegal

    Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, 6 February, 2017 – The Board of Executive Directors of the Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) in its 317th meeting in Jeddah has given the approval for US $790 million of financing for new development projects mainly in such sectors as roads, higher education, energy, and health in member countries as well as education and professional training for Muslim communities in non-member countries.

    Chaired by IsDB Group President, Dr. Bandar Hajjar, the meeting went in session on Sunday 5 January, 2017, and approved US $488 million of financing for two development projects in Indonesia comprising;
    US $250 million to contribute to the Project for Development of Trans South-South Java Road, and US $238 million for Development and Improvement of Six Islamic Higher Education Institutions Project in the country.

    To promote food security in Africa’s Sahel region, the Members of the Board agreed to allocate a total amount of US $96 million for financing the Sahel Sustainable Pastoralism Development Program in Burkina Faso, Senegal and Mali.

    Other approvals of the Board included: US $155.5 million for the Prepayment Metering System Project in Bangladesh; US $40 million for Support of Elimination of Mother-to-Child Transmission (eMTCT)
    HIV/AIDS Project in Cameroon; US $10 million for Support for Higher Education in Science and Engineering Project in Togo; as well as US $600 thousand as special assistance operations under the IsDB Waqf Fund to contribute to educational and vocational projects in Belgium, Brazil , and United States.

    Furthermore, the Board Members discussed the draft agenda of the upcoming 42nd Annual Meeting of the IsDB Board of Governors slated for 14 to 18 May, 2017 in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, where ministers of finance and economy of the 57 member countries of the Bank will be attending. A number of the reports on the activities and programs of the Bank were also reviewed by the Board.

    Meantime, in a relevant development, the 57th meeting of the Board of Directors of the Islamic Solidarity Fund (ISFD), the IsDB’s arm for reduction of poverty and unemployment in member countries, went in session at the IsDB headquarters where the members discussed the Fund’s proposed 3-year plan for 2017-2019. The plan focuses on ISFD’s efforts in line with; mobilizing further resources (grants and donations) for the Fund, further developing of the existing partnerships, and working for increasing the Fund’s profits.


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    Source: UN Security Council, UN General Assembly
    Country: Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kyrgyzstan, Liberia, Mali, Papua New Guinea, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Timor-Leste, World

    I. Introduction

    1. The present report has been prepared pursuant to General Assembly resolution 60/180 and Security Council resolution 1645 (2005), in which the Peacebuilding Commission was requested to submit an annual report to the General Assembly for an annual debate and review. The report will also be submitted to the Council, pursuant to its resolution 1646 (2005), for an annual debate. The report covers the tenth session of the Commission, held from 1 January to 31 December 2016.

    2. On 27 April 2016, the General Assembly and the Security Council adopted parallel, substantively identical, resolutions on the review of the United Nations peacebuilding architecture (General Assembly resolution 70/262 and Security Council resolution 2282 (2016)), by which the two organs, inter alia, requested the Peacebuilding Commission to include, in its annual reports, information on progress made in reviewing its working methods and provisional rules of procedure and encouraged the Commission, through its Organizational Committee, to consider diversifying its working methods to enhance its efficiency and flexibility in support of sustaining peace. The structure and content of the present report therefore includes information on the work undertaken by the Commission in implementing the relevant recommendations contained in the resolutions on the review of the peacebuilding architecture, while also reflecting the priorities identified in the annual report of the Commission on its ninth session (A/70/714-S/2016/115).

    II. Work of the Peacebuilding Commission

    A. Peacebuilding and sustaining peace: opportunities and challenges

    3. The Commission embarked on the work of its tenth session in the spirit of examining the far-reaching recommendations of the report of the Advisory Group of Experts on the Review of the Peacebuilding Architecture (A/69/968-S/2015/490) and implementing the above-mentioned resolutions on the review of the peacebuilding architecture adopted by the General Assembly and the Security Council. Both the Assembly and the Council, in those resolutions, define sustaining peace as:
    a goal and a process to build a common vision of a society, ensuring that the needs of all segments of the population are taken into account, which encompasses activities aimed at preventing the outbreak, escalation, continuation and recurrence of conflict, addressing root causes, assisting parties to conflict to end hostilities, ensuring national reconciliation, and moving towards recovery, reconstruction and development, and emphasizing that sustaining peace is a shared task and responsibility that needs to be fulfilled by the Government and all other national stakeholders, and should flow through all three pillars of the United Nations engagement at all stages of conflict, and in all its dimensions, and needs sustained international attention and assistance
    In those resolutions, the Assembly and the Council also called for the strengthening of the Commission, its convening and bridging role and its partnerships with other stakeholders, including the international financial institutions, in addition to addressing country-specific situations. They also called for better intergovernmental coherence, partnerships and operational and policy coherence and invited the Secretary-General to provide options on increasing, restructuring and better prioritizing funding dedicated to United Nations peacebuilding activities.

    4. Throughout the reporting period, the Commission continued to address the situations in Burundi, the Central African Republic, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia and Sierra Leone. Since the eruption of the political crisis in Burundi in 2015, the Commission has intensified its focus on that country. Through visits to Burundi and the region, the Council’s Burundi configuration has engaged with the Government and national stakeholders, encouraging a peaceful solution by Burundians, with regional and international support, including that of the African Union, the East African Community and neighbouring countries. During his two visits to Burundi and the region, the Chair of the Burundi configuration also engaged the authorities of the United Republic of Tanzania, Rwanda, the African Union and the mediator of the East African Community, the former President of the Republic of Tanzania, Benjamin Mkapa, highlighting the importance of a holistic peacebuilding approach based on the three pillars of the United Nations system, as they are outlined, inter alia, in General Assembly resolution 60/251, and of local capacities for peace, including the constructive work of the group of women mediators. In another example of the convening power of the Commission, and its capacity to add value, it championed policy discussions on the economic impact of the political crisis in Burundi, including through consultations in Geneva on the country’s socioeconomic situation, briefings with officials from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and Government authorities in charge of finance and the economy, and with representatives of the private sector in Burundi, with a focus on relations between the Government and its international partners.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Regional Highlights

    • On 17 January, a Nigerian military jet accidentally bombs an IDP site in Rann locality, Borno state, killing at least 112 civilians, including six Nigerian Red Cross workers, and wounding 100.

    • The number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Cameroon reaches 191,908 in the country’s Far North, more than doubling since 2015.

    • Humanitarian organizations provide food assistance to more than 1 million people in January. In 2017, some 5.1 people are projected to face emergency and crisis levels of food insecurity.

    • In 2016, almost 215,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were admitted for treatment across the region. Malnutrition rates remain high, with 515,000 children expected to suffer from SAM in 2017.

    • A measles vaccination campaign targeting over 4 million children is underway in north-east Nigeria.

    • The European Commission releases €40 million in additional humanitarian aid to support the populations in the Lake Chad region.

    • The UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) releases US$42 million to assist over 3 million people in Nigeria (US$22 million), Cameroon (US$10 million), and Niger (US$10 million).

    • On 24 February, a humanitarian conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad Region will take place in Oslo, hosted by the Government of Norway in partnership with the Governments of Germany and Nigeria.

    Situation Overview

    • The number of security incidents and civilian victims in the region increased in January. This is mainly attributed to easier movements during the dry season, as well as the dispersion of Boko Haram elements carrying out isolated actions.

    • Major security incidents reported include the mistaken bombing of an IDP site, in Rann, and the accidental killing of 16 IDPs collecting firewood, in Ngala LGA, by Nigerian armed forces. Armed attacks killed five soldiers in Nigeria’s Yobe state, two soldiers in Niger, and five members of a UN monitoring mission in Cameroon along the Nigerian border.

    • Humanitarian access remains a considerable challenge impeding the delivery of aid in many areas. In north-east Nigeria, four local government areas continue to be inaccessible.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Background

    Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad basin countries. The number of displaced people has tripled over the last two years. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.

    Recent developments

    There has been a significant increase of the number of security incidents and attacks in January, rendering many areas hard to reach. On 17 January, a Nigerian military jet accidentally bombed an IDP site in Rann, Borno state, killing more than 100 civilians. The site hosts more than 35,000 internally displaced people. UNHAS helicopters were deployed to evacuate victims to Maiduguri and transport medical supplies and doctors to Rann.

    In January, the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) allocated US$42 million to the Lake Chad crisis, including US$22 million for Nigeria, US$10 million for Cameroon and US$10 million for Niger. The European Commission released US$43 million in additional humanitarian aid. On 24 February, a humanitarian conference on Nigeria and the Lake Chad region will take place in Oslo, hosted by the Government of Norway in partnership with the Governments of Germany and Nigeria. The conference aims to raise political and material support for the humanitarian response in the Lake Chad Basin region. The four country Humanitarian Response Plans (HRPs) appeal for a total US$1.5 billion to assist 8.2 million people.


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