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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Oxfam
    Country: Nigeria

    SUMMARY

    Over the course of the last twelve months, food insecurity and other humanitarian needs have deteriorated in many communities across Borno state as returnees, host communities and IDPs exhaust their limited resources. Many people targeted by the Humanitarian Community are not receiving sufficient emergency support.
    Oxfam has sought to expand its work in Borno State focusing on IDPs, returnees and host communities who have not yet received humanitarian assistance. Oxfam’s programme seeks to deliver life saving activities via an integrated WaSH, Economic Recovery and Market Systems (ERMS) and protection response.
    In October 2016, Oxfam determined the need for an integrated rapid assessment in Damboa Town and outlying areas. The results of the assessment are discussed within this document, and will be used to better inform and target Oxfam’s planned activities in Damboa Town and the surrounding areas.

    Following the analysis of a household survey and observational data, Oxfam proposes the following actions and recommendations for response in Damboa Central and outlying areas:

    WASH: - Discussion with ward level representatives, community groups and leaders to determine accurate population numbers, preferences and community structures in each ward to better target a limited WASH response before the end of the year - Immediate quality testing of borehole and water seller sources as the most frequently used water sources for the population in Damboa, followed by rapid treatment if required, or household level distribution of appropriate treatment materials (e.g. Aquatabs) whilst sources are improved - Household survey of sanitation infrastructure based on vulnerability criteria and selection of households for latrine rehabilitation/building projects.

    SHELTER: - Undertake an assessment of returnee household shelter needs, prioritisation of the most vulnerable and targeted distribution of shelter materials and support.
    FOOD SECURITY AND LIVELIHOODS: - Close co-ordination with existing actors in Damboa central (ICRC and Mercy Corps) to identify populations not currently covered by existing food assistance activities. - Blanket food assistance in Damboa in the next 3-6 months as livelihoods and incomes begin to recover. Gaps currently exist both within Damboa central, as well as in villages between Sabon Gari and Damboa. - More detailed livelihoods assessment to inform the income and food insecurity dynamics of returnee and IDP households in the wider Damboa LGA.

    PROTECTION - The low level of unmet priority needs coupled with concerning GBV risks and GBV arising as a consequence of unmet basic needs, highlights the necessity for an integrated humanitarian response. This becomes increasingly important in a context where the prime risks of GBV are common negative coping strategies that will primarily impact girls and boys, and where livelihood activities may subject men and boys to heightened exposure to killing, accepting high-risk jobs, exploitation from employers, abduction or kidnapping. - Increase the availability of services for mental health and psychosocial support, and education. These are amongst the prime needs that remain highly unaddressed. - Undertake humanitarian activities in a way that ameliorate community tensions. The relationship between Host and IDPs is significantly tense in Damboa. This can be done, amongst other methodologies, by enhancing the participation of Host community in the way humanitarian assistance is undertaken, increase transparency and information dissemination, and continue to provide need-based assistance rather than status-based. - Communicating to and communication from beneficiaries must be primarily undertaken through, preferably a combination of, community leaders, staff members of humanitarian agencies and community volunteers. The use of notice boards to provide information must be highly limited as they are not preferred by the community and, given the higher level of illiteracy amongst women, make women more reliable on other members of the community to receive information.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria

    Alerte au Cameroun: Les 27 cas rapportés ont été recensés en provenance de la prison de Kribi. Les pré-lèvements sont revenus néga&fs. Toutefois, les autorités remontent qu’il y a eu un problème de délai d'acheminement (4 jours) et du milieu de transport (pas de carry blair). Aucun conclusion ne peut être donné sur la confirma&on ou non de ces cas.

    Bassin Congo: Hausse importante du nombre de cas en provenance des provinces Kongo central (Gombe Matadi), Tanganyika (Kabalo, Kalemie et Nyemba), Sud Kivu (Fizi et Kimbi Lilenge), et Haut Katanga (Kilwa).

    Bassin du sud du Golfe de Guinée: La transmission semble être interrompue sur le Bénin et le Sud Nigeria. Au Ghana, la transmission a été fortement ralen&e sur Cape Coast Metropolis (0 cas le 01/12/2016). Au total, 591 cas et 0 décès rapportés. Un nouveau cas no&fié sur le Lower Denkyira district, Western region. Vibrio cholerae a été isolé dans 60% [22/37] des échan&llons de nourriture variées prélevés chez 12 vendeurs de Cape Coast Metropolis (Cape Coast Teaching Hospital laboratory) notamment la viande et feuilles “green leave”.

    Alert in Cameroun: 27 suspected cases no&fied from the Prison of Kribi. Samples were tested nega&ve although issues in sampling were registered (lack of CaryBlair and delays in transport – 4 days). No defini&ve conclusion can then be drawn upon these analyses.

    Congo Basin: Significant incidence no&fied from Kongo Central (Gombe Matadi), and from the provinces of Taganyika (Kabalo, Kalemie, Nyemba), South Kivu (Fizi, Kimbi Lilenge) and Haut Katanga (Kilwa).

    South Guinean Gulf Basin: Absence of ongoing transmission in Benin and in Lagos or Oyo (South Ni- geria). High reduc&on of the transmission in Ghana in Cape Coast Metropolis (0 case as of Dec 1st) - Cumula-&ve cases: 591 and 0 deaths. One (1) case was no&fied in Lower Denkyira district, estern region. Sixty percent [22/37] of various food samples obtained from 12 vendors in Cape Coast Metropolis isolated Vibrio cholera (Cape Coast Teaching Hospital laboratory). Meat and green leaves were the most commonly affected foods.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Nigeria

    In Numbers

    1.8 m people displaced, of which 1.3 million in Borno and 0.13 million in Yobe States
    (IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix, October 2016)

    4.4 m people food insecure in Borno and Yobe States
    (Phases 3, 4 & 5 Cadre Harmonisé, October 2016)

    Highlights

    • WFP is extending the regional Emergency Operation until December 2017, targeting 1.8 million people in Borno and Yobe States. Assistance will be delivered through in-kind food distributions and cash-based transfers, as well as supplementary nutritious food.

    • The first Rapid Response Team was deployed on 23 and 24 November to Magumeri Local Government Area (LGA), delivering food rations to 6,000 people and supplementary nutritious food to 400 children. A second team was deployed to Ngala LGA on 28 November, reaching 40,000 people with food rations.

    Situation Update

    • The October Cadre Harmonisé indicates an extremely worrisome situation: 4.3 million people are in Phase 3 and 4 (crisis and emergency) in Borno and Yobe States, while 55,000 people are estimated to suffer from extreme food insecurity (Phase 5) in Borno State.

    • Nutrition is also a major concern. Recent data are not available at national/LGA level, but critically high levels of malnutrition and under-5 mortality in north-east Nigeria were reported over the past year.


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    Source: WaterAid
    Country: Nigeria

    Imagine a doctor’s surgery with gallons of water lined up in jerry cans, purchased because the taps are dry. Lab technicians washing out excrement samples in hand basins without running water. As many as 40 patients a day with only one fetid, backed-up toilet in which to relieve themselves.

    Nigeria boasts the fastest-growing economy on the African continent. Yet one-third of its population of 174 million do not have access to clean water, two-thirds do not have access to basic, private toilets, and one in three healthcare facilities in Nigeria do not have access to water.

    This new photo series, released to mark Universal Health Coverage Day 2016, reveals this silent emergency of erratic or non-existent water supply, broken toilets and poor hygiene, which puts the health of patients, staff and surrounding communities at risk.

    Overuse of antibiotics in healthcare settings to treat or protect against infections is a major driver of the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance. Of the 10 million deaths from antimicrobial resistant infections predicted by 2050, an estimated 4.1 million would likely be in sub-Saharan Africa, where clean water, good sanitation and rigorous hygiene practices, which might prevent infections in the first place, are often lacking.

    In Zuba Primary Health Centre, Abuja, healthcare staff report that there is no water supply; even the water they buy each day is not safe to drink.

    Martina Ohaegbulem, 56, the deputy nurse in charge of the Zuba Primary Health Centre, said:

    “We need a borehole, or a well if one can be dug in the compound. We need more toilets for both the staff and patients. We need running taps and other things, too. We need improvement in handling those things -- handwashing basins and similar things. We buy the soap we use from the little money we are paid for deliveries [of babies]. It's the money for deliveries we use in paying some of our workers, the volunteers, but we also buy the soap from that same money.

    “We need improvement as we are not functioning efficiently. But we are trying our best with what we have.”

    Yael Velleman, WaterAid senior policy analyst on health and hygiene, said:

    “All too often, healthcare conditions in many low- and middle-income countries are characterised by unreliable or non-existent water supplies, inadequate sanitation, and unsafe medical waste disposal. This situation leaves healthcare professionals unable to properly care for parents, and leaves doctors, midwives, nurses, cleaners and patients alike at serious risk of infection and illness.”

    “Good health, dignified and clean healthcare, and effectively combatting the rise of antimicrobial resistance requires clean water, good sanitation and good hygiene practice in homes, in schools and in hospitals and health centres, all around the world.”

    The staff and patients in Zuba Primary Health Centre in Abuja are not alone: A WaterAid Nigeria study of 242 healthcare facilities across six states – Bauchi, Benue, Enugu, Ekiti, Jigawa and Plateau – found 21% did not have at least one toilet facility, and only 27% had access to a motorised water borehole. Only 20% of healthcare centres had handwashing facilities alongside their toilets.

    Across the developing world, 38% of healthcare facilities do not have access to water.

    On Universal Health Coverage Day, 12 December, WaterAid is calling for healthcare professionals to join our global petition to ask national governments to accelerate their plans for safe, reliable access to water, sanitation and hygiene in all health facilities.

    Universal Health Coverage Day is intended to highlight the need for all to achieve good health and access to quality healthcare without incurring financial hardship. An essential element to good health and effective healthcare is access to clean, safe water to drink, a decent private toilet and the ability to practice good hygiene, including handwashing with soap.

    For more information about our International Healthy Start campaign, or to sign our global petition, please see www.wateraid.org/healthprofessionals

    ENDS

    To see further images of clinics please click here.

    For more information or to arrange interviews please contact:

    Lisa Martin, senior media officer, lisamartin@wateraid.org / +44 (0)20 7793 4524, or Carolynne Wheeler, news manager, CarolynneWheeler@wateraid.org / +44 (0)207 793 4485.

    Or call our after-hours press line on +44 (0)7887 521 552 / pressoffice@wateraid.org.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Nigeria

    Nigeria - The humanitarian community will soon be able to better coordinate support for northeast Nigeria, where nearly seven million people are in need of life-saving assistance. This is thanks to the setting up of a humanitarian base camp and hub project, which will cover Borno, the state hardest hit by the Boko Haram conflict.

    Connecting different aid agencies through a base camp and hubs will allow humanitarian actors to communicate, plan and deliver aid more efficiently and effectively. The base camp, to be located in Maiduguri, will provide tented accommodation for 100 humanitarian workers from the UN and NGOs and other basic amenities to ensure a productive living and working environment.

    It will also include offices and workspaces, thanks to support in planning, design and delivery from the International Humanitarian Partnership (IHP) and its implementing partner, the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB), and the wider humanitarian community. Eight smaller hubs around the northeast will allow humanitarian workers to reach millions quicker, with life-saving services, such as food distribution, medical and mental health support and shelter provision amongst others.

    IHP’s team and partners, MSB, will oversee the construction of the base camp and hubs. IOM is managing the project on behalf of the large humanitarian community that the hubs will serve.

    “I am convinced the base camp and hubs will allow the prolonged humanitarian presence and interventions necessary to save and improve the lives of hundreds of thousands of Nigerians affected by the conflict,” said Emma Khakula, head of IOM Nigeria’s Maiduguri sub-office.

    Insecurity has previously made many areas completely inaccessible to humanitarian agencies or accessible only for rapid aid delivery, usually done by helicopter, further restricting access. The hubs will allow humanitarian workers to stay in secure and well-established locations for longer periods and better connect with local communities to meet their needs.

    The initial eight hubs (at least 12 are expected) will be located in: Gwoza, Bama, Dikwa, Banki, Biu, Monguno, Damboa and Gambara Ngala in Borno State. These have become accessible in recent months due to improving security. Like the base camp, the hubs will include accommodation, offices, and warehouses to store supplies, like food and household items for distribution to some of the more than 1.8 million internally displaced Nigerians in the region. Existing hubs will be moved and others will be built based on need, as conditions improve or change.

    “The hubs will provide secure environments for humanitarian workers to deliver aid more widely, facilitate sector and inter-agency coordination, and create possibilities for community engagement and participation,” explained Sweden’s ambassador to Nigeria, Inger Ultvedt, who helped receive the delivery of building materials, which arrived in Maiduguri from Sweden on 4 December.

    Timing is critical; in addition to the millions already requiring urgent humanitarian interventions, UN agencies predict that more than five million people will be in desperate need of food in 2017.

    IHP and its partner, MSB, are providing USD 5.5 million towards the project. The total cost to operate and staff the base camps and hubs over the next year is estimated at USD 14 million. The Humanitarian Response Plan, prepared across agencies, seeks more than USD 1 billion to meet such needs of millions in Nigeria over the coming year.

    For more information, please contact Emma Khakula at IOM Nigeria, Tel: +234 903 282 0 439, Email: ekhakula@iom.int. Or Órla Fagan at UNOCHA Nigeria, Email: fagano@un.org, Tel. +234 (0) 903 78 100 95


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

    Un enfant sur quatre est confronté aux conflits ou catastrophes

    Environ 535 millions d’enfants, soit près d’un sur quatre, vivent dans des pays touchés par des conflits ou des catastrophes. Ils sont souvent privés de soins médicaux, d’une éducation de qualité et d’une nutrition et d’une protection adéquates, affirme aujourd’huil’UNICEF.

    L’Afrique subsaharienne regroupe presque les trois quarts – 393 millions – des enfants dans le monde vivant dans un pays en situation d’urgence. Elle est suivie par le Moyen-Orient et l’Afrique du Nord, où résident 12 % de ces enfants.

    Ces nouveaux chiffres sont publiés tandis que le dimanche 11 décembre 2016 marquera le 70ème anniversaire de l’organisation, qui travaille sans relâche dans les endroits les plus difficiles du monde pour apporter une aide vitale, un appui à long terme et de l’espoir aux enfants dont la vie et l’avenir sont menacés par des conflits, des crises, la pauvreté, les inégalités et les discriminations.

    Face à l’urgence

    « L’UNICEF a été créé pour apporter de l’aide et de l’espoir aux enfants dont la vie et l’avenir sont menacés par les conflits et les privations, et ce chiffre colossal – qui correspond à un demi-milliard d’enfants – est un rappel clair que notre mission se fait de plus en plus urgente chaque jour », a affirmé Anthony Lake, Directeur général de l’UNICEF.

    À cause des conflits, des catastrophes naturelles et des changements climatiques, les enfants sont contraints de fuir de chez eux, se retrouvent bloqués derrière les lignes de conflit et sont exposés aux risques de maladie, de violence et d’exploitation.

    • Près de 50 millions d’enfants ont été déracinés. Plus de la moitié d’entre eux ont été éloignés de leur foyer par les conflits.

    • Alors que les violences continuent de s’intensifier en Syrie, le nombre d’enfants vivant dans une zone assiégée a doublé en moins d’un an. Près de 500 000 enfants vivent aujourd’hui dans 16 zones assiégées dans le pays, presque complètement coupés d’une aide humanitaire et de services essentiels ininterrompus.

    • Dans le nord-est du Nigéria, près de 1,8 million de personnes sont déplacées. Presque un million d’entre elles sont des enfants.

    • En Afghanistan, près de la moitié des enfants en âge d’aller à l’école primaire ne sont pas scolarisés.

    • Au Yémen, près de 10 millions d’enfants sont touchés par les conflits.

    • Au Soudan du Sud, 59 % des enfants en âge d’aller à l’école primaire ne sont pas scolarisés et 1 école sur 3 est fermée dans les régions touchées par les conflits.

    • Plus de deux mois après le passage de l’ouragan Matthew en Haïti, plus de 90 000 enfants de moins de cinq ans ont toujours besoin d’aide.

    L’enfant, l’avenir de la société

    Les situations d’urgence auxquelles sont confrontés aujourd’hui les enfants les plus vulnérables menacent de compromettre les progrès considérables réalisés au cours des dernières décennies : depuis 1990, le nombre de décès d’enfants avant l’âge de cinq ans a été divisé par deux et des centaines de millions d’enfants sont sortis de la pauvreté. Le taux de non-scolarisation des enfants en âge d’aller à l’école primaire a baissé de plus de 40 % entre 1990 et 2014.

    Malgré des progrès importants, trop d’enfants sont laissés pour compte à cause de leur sexe, race, religion, groupe ethnique ou handicap ; parce qu’ils vivent dans la pauvreté ou dans des communautés difficiles d’accès ; ou simplement parce que ce sont des enfants.

    « Que les enfants vivent dans un pays en conflit ou dans un pays en paix, leur développement est crucial, non seulement pour leur avenir en tant qu’individu, mais aussi pour l’avenir de leur société », a affirmé Anthony Lake.

    Note au sujet de la République Démocratique du Congo

    La longue et complexe crise humanitaire en République démocratique du Congo (RDC) peut être considérée comme une “crise oubliée” par la communauté internationale. Les épidémies récurrentes, les conflits et les phénomènes naturels dévastateurs rendent la population de plus en plus vulnérable. Au moins 3 240 enfants sont toujours associés à des forces et groupes armés et des cas de violences sexuelles et de violences basées sur le genre sont rapportés de façon quotidienne. En 2016, la RDC a enregistré 1.9 millions de personnes déplacées internes (dont 1,14 millions d’enfants) et accueilli 436 874 réfugiés.

    En 2016, l’UNICEF a lancé un appel de 130 millions de dollars pour la programmation et la coordination de l’action humanitaire. Jusqu’à la date du 31 octobre 2016, l’UNICEF n’avait reçu que 42% de la somme demandée. L’UNICEF RDC a continué d’améliorer son programme humanitaire et atteint un total de 2,3 millions de personnes en situation d’aide urgente depuis janvier 2016.

    Au cours de la même période, la Réponse Rapide aux Mouvements de Population (RRMP) a permis d’aider plus de 1,2 millions de personnes au niveau de l’éducation d’urgence, la santé, l’eau, l’hygiène et l’assainissement (EHA), les articles non alimentaires et les abris. L’UNICEF a joué un rôle essentiel dans la coordination de la réponse à l’épidémie de choléra, en venant en aide à 1,6 million de personnes dans les zones touchées par le cette année. Grâce aux Réponses Alternatives aux Communautés en Crise (ARCC) et au programme de transferts monétaires, l’UNICEF et ses partenaires ont aidé 24 223 familles en situation d’aide d’urgence. L’UNICEF a aidé au traitement de 213 424 enfants touchés par la malnutrition aiguë sévère. L’UNICEF a assisté 90 % des enfants ayant quittés les forces et groupes armés et 80 % des enfants non accompagnés et séparés. L’UNICEF a dépassé son objectif d’apporter un soutien psychosocial à 60 000 enfants déplacés et réfugiés.

    À propos de l’UNICEF

    L’UNICEF promeut les droits et le bien-être de chaque enfant, dans tout ce que nous faisons. Nous travaillons dans 190 pays et territoires du monde entier avec nos partenaires pour faire de cet engagement une réalité, avec un effort particulier pour atteindre les enfants les plus vulnérables et marginalisés, dans l’intérêt de tous les enfants, où qu’ils soient.

    Pour plus d’informations sur l’UNICEF et son travail : www.unicef.org

    Suivez-nous sur Twitter et Facebook

    Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter :

    Georgina Thompson, UNICEF New York, tél. : +1 917 238 1559, gthompson@unicef.org

    Melanie Sharpe, UNICEF New York, tél. : +1 917 251 7670, msharpe@unicef.org

    Yves Willemot, UNICEF RDC, +243 81 88 46 746, ywillemot@unicef.org


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Background

    The violent conflict in the Lake Chad Basin has continuously deteriorated. Boko Haram raids and suicide bombings targeting civilians are causing widespread trauma, preventing people from accessing essential services and destroying vital infrastructure. Around 17 million people live in the affected areas across the four Lake Chad countries. The number of displaced people has tripled over the last two years. Most of the displaced families are sheltered by communities that count among the world’s poorest and most vulnerable. Food insecurity and malnutrition have reached critical levels.

    Recent developments

    Humanitarian partners have appealed for US$1.5 billion to assist 8.2 million people in the conflict-hit Lake Chad Basin in 2017. Needs in the affected region have continued to increase over the past year, and the financial requirement to allow NGOs and UN agencies to adequately respond has tripled compared to the start of 2016. The crisis has displaced 2.4 million people, left 7 million in need of food assistance and more than 515,000 children severely acutely malnourished. Millions of people are unable to farm, trade or carry out their daily life-sustaining activities. Populations face heightened risks of violation, abuse and exploitation and the limited basic services have been badly disrupted. Food scarcity is projected to deepen during the next lean season. The bulk of the 2017 budget has been earmarked for food insecurity, with the majority of the people affected in the north-east of Nigeria. Nutrition, protection and health assistance are among the priority needs.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Regional Highlights

    • Humanitarian organizations have requested for US$1.5 billion in 2017 to assist 8.2 million people left destitute by the long-running Boko Haram-linked conflict cross the Lake Chad Basin. The violence has so far displaced around 2.4 million people, stoked high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition and accentuated the hardship and suffering faced by some of the world’s most deprived populations.

    • Of the $739 million requested this year for the Lake Chad Basin humanitarian emergency 49 per cent had been received by December 2016.

    • Around 4.7 million people are currently struggling with high levels of food insecurity in Nigeria’s north-eastern Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states, up from 4.4 million between June and August, according to the latest food security analysis. The figure is projected to rise to 5.1 million between June and August 2017.

    • In Chad, more than 136,000 people are expected to suffer severe food insecure during the lean season in 2017 in the western Lac region, according to the November Cadre Harmonisé food security analysis. This represents a slight increase (around 2,500 people) compared to 2016.

    • Harvests from the 2016 - 2017 farming season in Niger are deemed average to good. Some 340,000 people, or 51 per cent of the population of the south-eastern Diffa region, will need food assistance in 2017. This represents a 26-per cent decline compared to 2016.

    • The authorities in Cameroon’s Far North region have reopened the border with Nigeria which had been closed for over two years. The closure had stymied cross-border trade and movement and curtailed local economic and livelihood activities.

    Humanitarian Needs

    Population movement

    • Around 199,000 people are internally displaced in Cameroon’s Far North region mainly due to Boko Haram’s insurgency. The majority - 72 per cent - lives in host communities. The rest have rented houses, live in makeshift camps or in the open.

    • Forty-six per cent of displacements in Diffa region in the south-east of Niger are due to Boko Haram-related attacks, according to a survey by Danish Refugee Council in October.
      The threat of attacks has led to the preventive displacement of 37 per cent of people. The survey also revealed that the large majority of displaced people have expressed their willingness to return to their community of origin once the security situation improves.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    POPULATION TOTALE 20M

    PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 1,9M

    PERSONNES CIBLÉES 1,5M

    BUDGET (US$) 271M

    # PARTENAIRES HUMANITAIRES 129

    PRÉFACE PAR

    LE COORDONNATEUR HUMANITAIRE

    Ce document est le fruit d’un travail concerté entre le Gouvernement et les acteurs humanitaires nationaux et internationaux et les donateurs. Il s’appuie sur une analyse pertinente, notamment reflétée dans l’analyse des besoins (HNO), de la situation prenant en compte les spécificités régionales, la nature aiguë ou chronique des crises et les leçons tirées de nos actions.

    En effet, les défis humanitaires au Niger restent nombreux et complexes, malgré nos actions en synergie. L’insécurité alimentaire, la malnutrition, les épidémies et les inondations quasi récurrentes restent des préoccupations. Les conséquences du conflit au nord-est du Nigeria, la paix toujours à construire au Mali continuent aussi de complexifier la situation.

    Dans un tel contexte, en 2016, le Gouvernement du Niger et les partenaires humanitaires ont fourni une assistance humanitaire à des centaines de milliers de personnes dans toutes les régions du pays. Félicitons en les différents acteurs, y compris les communautés-hôtes et les donateurs.
    En 2017, les autorités nigériennes et les partenaires humanitaires estiment qu’au moins 1,9 million de personnes auront besoin, à des degrés divers, d’une assistance humanitaire, dans les secteurs des abris et des biens non alimentaires, de l’eau, l’hygiène et l’assainissement , de l’éducation , de la nutrition, de la protection et de la sécurité alimentaire. Cela inclut les populations vulnérables, y compris les réfugiés et les autres personnes déplacées et les communautés-hôtes.

    Notre Plan de Réponse Humanitaire 2017 (HRP) cible 1,5 million de personnes pour des besoins financiers de 271,3 millions de dollars américains. Il comprend deux parties distinctes portant sur les opérations découlant (i) des crises aiguës, notamment dans la région de Diffa et (ii) des crises chroniques et structurelles dans le reste du pays.

    Certains indicateurs tels que le taux de malnutrition globale aiguë ou encore les projections sur la campagne agricole laissent entrevoir une évolution positive du contexte.

    Toutefois la situation humanitaire reste critique car même en situation de bonne campagne agricole entre 2 et 2,5 millions de personnes se trouvent dans une situation d’insécurité alimentaire ou à risque d’insécurité alimentaire. En outre, le taux de malnutrition aiguë sévère de 1,9 pour cent place le pays à la limite du seuil critique de 2 pour cent fixé par l’OMS.

    Le nombre de personnes fuyant les violences au Nigéria a diminué peut-être à cause du dépeuplement des localités nigérianes frontalières du Niger et des opérations militaires en cours. En 2017, l’environnement sécuritaire dans la région de Diffa pourrait être stable ou s’améliorer à la suite des interventions de l’armée nigérienne et de la force multinationale mixte. Cela pourrait induire un retour volontaire et progressif des déplacés internes, des réfugiés et retournés.

    Il reste que notre réponse, fondée sur les besoins réels des personnes assistées, sera globalement basée sur la vulnérabilité et non sur le statut. Elle vient en complément et/ ou en appui à celle du Gouvernement mais tient aussi compte des opérations d’autres acteurs dans le but d’assurer une action intégrée, holistique, efficace et efficience, avec une plus grande redevabilité auprès des populations. Une telle option souligne notre engagement et notre volonté communs d’un alignement sur les priorités des populations vulnérables et d’une synergie d’action.

    Ensemble, nous pouvons et devons faire plus et mieux en vue d’atténuer les souffrances des populations rendues vulnérables par les chocs, de préserver la dignité humaine et de créer les conditions pour la résilience des communautés et le développement du Niger. L’engagement du Niger porté par le Président de la République au Sommet humanitaire mondial et ses conclusions nous y invitent aussi.

    Nous exprimons, au nom de la communauté humanitaire du Niger, notre reconnaissance au Gouvernement de la République du Niger pour son leadership et sa disponibilité.
    Nous apprécions à juste titre, l’action de nos donateurs qui n’ont ménagé aucun effort pour nous apporter leur appui, malgré les nombreuses sollicitations.

    Nous nous félicitons de l’ardeur au travail et de la force de conviction des acteurs humanitaires.
    Que notre appel 2017 mobilise davantage de ressources pour un succès plus grand de notre action commune pour la noble cause que nous poursuivons, basée sur les principes humanitaires et de droits humains. Nous le pouvons, nous le devons et nous le ferons ensemble !

    Fodé Ndiaye

    Coordonnateur Humanitaire pour le Niger


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Belize, Botswana, Costa Rica, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyzstan, Madagascar, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Panama, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, United Republic of Tanzania, Uzbekistan, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Insufficient rain has led to drought in the Greater Horn

    Africa Weather Hazards

    1. Locust outbreak has continued in western Mauritania. Breeding has extended to southern Western Sahara, where limited control operations are in progress, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

    2. Poor early season precipitation has resulted in increasing moisture deficits and deteriorating ground conditions throughout portions of Angola, southern DRC, and northern Zambia.

    3. Despite some increase in rainfall over the Greater Horn of Africa during late November, poor and erratic rain since late September has resulted in drought and impacted crops across southern Ethiopia, southern Somalia, and coastal Kenya.

    4. Locust outbreak has subsided in northeastern Sudan. However, small scale breeding could increase locust numbers during December, according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.

    Central Asia Weather Hazards

    A heavy snow hazard is posted for the higher elevations of Afghanistan and Tajikistan where precipitation amounts are forecast to exceed 25 mm, liquid equivalent.

    Temperatures
    Below-normal temperatures (negative anomalies of 1 to 6 degrees C) persisted across southeast Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, and Tajikistan from November 27 to December 3. Temperatures averaged near to above normal across the remainder of Central Asia. Extreme minimum temperatures were at or below -25 degrees C across parts of northern and eastern Kazakhstan. Minimum temperatures fell below -5 degrees C as far south as Turkmenistan. The GFS model indicates that minimum temperatures will average at or above normal except for northern Kazakhstan where minimum temperatures are forecast.

    Precipitation
    Precipitation was limited to northern Kazakhstan during the past week. After a favorable pattern that brought much-needed precipitation to Afghanistan including snowfall, dry weather returned during late November and the beginning of December. During the next week, the GFS model indicates a relatively wet pattern with widespread precipitation throughout Central Asia. A heavy snow hazard is posted for the higher elevations of Afghanistan and Tajikistan.

    Central America and the Caribbean Weather Hazards

    Inconsistent and poor rain during the past several weeks has resulted in abnormal dryness throughout western and central Guatemala and north-central Honduras. Conditions on the ground may worsen as seasonal rain is coming to a close.


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    Source: Government of Chad, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Sudan


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Central African Republic, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Mauritania, Syrian Arab Republic

    KEY FIGURES
    1,843
    Voluntary returns to Mali facilitated since January 2016

    4,065
    New arrivals from Mali in 2016

    4,869
    Malian refugees with specific needs (as of 1 December 2016)

    12, 586
    Malian households in Mbera camp (as of 1 December 2016)

    30L
    of potable water available per person per day

    FUNDING 2016
    USD 19.4 M
    Requested for the operation

    Funded
    21%

    Gap
    79%

    PRIORITIES

    • Maintain protection and assistance for all Malian refugees in Mbera camp.

    • Strengthen support to refugees’ self-reliance.

    • Maintain peaceful coexistence between the refugees and host communities.

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Since end of September, more than 3,800 people crossed the Mali - Mauritania border to seek refuge in Mbera camp; influx continues in December. This influx is the largest since 2013. New arrivals are assisted with emergency food, shelter and basic items.

    • There is an urgent need to replace shelter and latrines – 50% of latrines in Mbera camp will reach their maximum storage capacity by the end of 2016. This is particularly crucial considering the unstable situation in northern Mali, with unlikely massive return and recent waves of arrivals to the camp.

    • On 6 December, UNHCR in collaboration with the Mauritanian Ministry of Interior held a workshop to present the Mauritanian Asylum law project to about 15 Government officials of the Ministry of Interior. The workshop was held in the presence of the Ministry of the Interior Secretary and the national broadcasting media.

    Operational Context

    In collaboration with the Mauritanian Government which has kept its borders open to new influxes, UNHCR with UN organizations and national and international NGOs, continues to lead the humanitarian response for 44,965 Malian refugees and any new arrivals in Mbera camp. In addition, the organization ensures the protection and assistance of 1,581 urban refugees and 394 asylum seekers, mainly from the Central African Republic, Syria and Côte d’Ivoire.

    UNHCR works closely with Mauritanian authorities to enhance the protection environment for refugees and asylum seekers in Mauritania, notably through the development and implementation of a national asylum law. Pending the adoption of a national refugee legislation, UNHCR advocates for further integration of refugees by improving access to basic services, such as health, economic opportunities but also to documentation and birth registration.

    The majority of Malian refugees living in Mbera camp arrived in 2012: violent clashes in north Mali triggered important waves of displacements into Mauritania, where a refugee camp was established 50 Km from the Malian border in the Hodh ech Charghi region. Following the military intervention in northern Mali in January 2013, new influxes of Malian refugees were accommodated in Mbera camp.

    On 16 June 2016, Mauritania, Mali and UNHCR signed a Tripartite Agreement to facilitate the voluntary repatriation of Malian refugees. The tripartite agreement reiterates the voluntary nature of repatriation and reconfirms the commitments of the Mauritanian and Malian states to protect refugees. However, despite the signing of a peace agreement in Mali in June 2015 and the voluntary return of more than 1,800 refugees from Mbera camp so far in 2016, the security conditions in northern Mali remain volatile. Large-scale returns of refugees are therefore not yet envisaged and UNHCR and its partners maintain their presence in Bassikounou to sustain the humanitarian response in Mbera Camp.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Haiti, Nigeria, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

    Esta nueva cifra revela por qué la labor de UNICEF en favor de los niños más vulnerables es todavía absolutamente necesaria, 70 años después de su fundación

    NUEVA YORK, 9 de diciembre de 2016– Un total de 535 millones niños y niñas –casi uno de cada cuatro– viven en países afectados por conflictos o desastres, a menudo sin acceso a ningún tipo de atención médica, educación de calidad o una nutrición y protección adecuadas, dijo hoy UNICEF.

    En África subsahariana viven cerca de las tres cuartas partes –393 millones– del total mundial de niños que viven en países afectados por situaciones de emergencia, seguida de Oriente Medio y África del Norte, donde reside el 12% de estos niños.

    Las nuevas cifras han sido publicadas justo cuando UNICEF celebra el domingo 11 de diciembre de 2016 sus 70 años de trabajo incesante en los lugares más difíciles del mundo para llevar asistencia vital, apoyo a largo plazo y esperanza a los niños y niñas cuyas vidas y futuros están amenazados por los conflictos, las crisis, la pobreza, la desigualdad y la discriminación.

    “UNICEF se creó para traer ayuda y esperanza a los niños cuyas vidas y futuros están en peligro debido a los conflictos y a la pobreza, y esta nueva y enorme cifra –que representa las vidas y esperanzas de más de 500 millones niños– nos recuerda de manera concluyente que nuestra misión es más urgente cada día”, dijo el Director Ejecutivo de UNICEF, Anthony Lake.

    Las repercusiones de los conflictos, los desastres naturales y el cambio climático están obligando a los niños a abandonar sus hogares, atrapándolos tras los frentes de batalla y aumentando el riesgo de que contraigan enfermedades o sean víctimas de la violencia y la explotación.

    • Casi 50 millones de niños han quedado desarraigados, más de la mitad de ellos expulsados de sus hogares por los conflictos.

    • A medida que la violencia sigue aumentando a través de Siria, el número de niños que viven en estado de sitio se ha duplicado en menos de un año. Aproximadamente 500.000 niños viven ahora en 16 zonas sitiadas en todo el país, casi totalmente aislados de ayuda humanitaria y de servicios básicos ininterrumpidos.

    • En el noreste de Nigeria, casi 1,8 millones de personas están desplazadas, y aproximadamente 1 millón de ellas son niños.

    • En el Afganistán, casi la mitad de los niños en edad de primaria no acuden a la escuela.

    • En el Yemen, casi 10 millones de niños sufren los efectos del conflicto.

    • En Sudán del Sur, 59% de los niños en edad de primaria no asisten a la escuela y 1 de cada 3 escuelas está cerrada en las zonas afectadas por el conflicto.

    • Más de dos meses después de que el huracán Matthew arrasara Haití, más de 90.000 niños menores de cinco años siguen necesitando ayuda.

    Estas emergencias a las que se enfrentan millones de niños amenazan con socavar los inmensos progresos alcanzados en las últimas décadas: desde 1990, el número de niños que mueren antes de cumplir cinco años se ha reducido a la mitad y cientos de millones de niños han salido de la pobreza. Las tasas de desescolarización entre los niños en edad de escuela primaria han disminuido en más de un 40% entre 1990 y 2014.

    A pesar de los importantes avances logrados, muchos niños se están quedando marginados debido a su género, raza, religión, origen étnico o discapacidad; debido a que viven en la pobreza o en comunidades de difícil acceso; o simplemente porque son niños.

    “Tanto si los niños viven en un país en conflicto como en un país en paz, su desarrollo es fundamental no sólo para su futuro individual sino también para el futuro de sus sociedades”, dijo Lake.

    ###

    Notas para editores:

    Tengan en cuenta que las cifras se refieren al número de niños que viven en países afectados por conflictos, crisis y desastres. Las cifras se han calculado usando datos de la población en los países donde UNICEF ha realizado un llamamiento humanitario.

    Para más información, sírvase dirigirse a:

    Georgina Thompson, UNICEF Nueva York, Tel: +1 917 238 1559, gthompson@unicef.org Melanie Sharpe, UNICEF Nueva York, Tel: +1 +1 917 251 7670, msharpe@unicef.org

    UNICEF en cifras

    Nutrición En la década de 1940, después de la segunda guerra mundial, UNICEF comenzó a proporcionar a los niños de Europa ayuda de emergencia para la nutrición, principalmente en forma de leche. En 2015, UNICEF y sus aliados en todo el mundo administraron tratamiento a 2,9 millones de niños para la desnutrición grave aguda.

    Salud En la década de 1950, las primeras campañas de inmunización de UNICEF habían estado dirigidas a enfermedades como la tuberculosis y la frambesia. En 2015, UNICEF adquirió 2.800 millones de dosis de vacunas, ayudando a proteger contra enfermedades mortales al 45% de los niños menores de 5 años del mundo.

    En 1998, UNICEF se convirtió en miembro fundador de la alianza Hacer Retroceder el Paludismo, con el objetivo de apoyar la investigación y el tratamiento del paludismo y ampliar medidas de prevención como los mosquiteros tratados con insecticida de larga duración. En 2015, UNICEF adquirió 22,3 millones de mosquiteros para proteger a niños y familias en 30 países.

    Educación En 1961, UNICEF amplió su enfoque programático para incluir la educación de los niños. En 2015, UNICEF proporcionó acceso a la educación básica formal o no formal a 7,5 millones de niños de 3 a 18 años.

    Protección de la infancia En 1989, la Asamblea General de las Naciones Unidas aprobó la Convención sobre los Derechos del Niño, que indica que todos los niños deben ser inscritos al nacer para establecer su existencia bajo la ley y proteger muchos de sus derechos. En 2015 se registraron más de 9,7 millones de nacimientos en 54 países con apoyo de UNICEF.

    Agua, saneamiento e higiene En 1953, UNICEF realizó sus primeros esfuerzos para mejorar el acceso al agua, el saneamiento y la higiene para niños y familias necesitados, y ha ampliado su labor con muchos asociados a lo largo del tiempo. Entre 1990 y 2015, 2.600 millones de personas obtuvieron acceso a fuentes mejoradas de agua potable y 2.100 millones tuvieron acceso a instalaciones mejoradas de saneamiento.

    Acción humanitaria Desde su fundación, UNICEF nunca ha dejado de responder a las emergencias humanitarias que afectan a los niños, especialmente a aquellos que ya sufren la carga de la pobreza y la desventaja.
    En 2015, UNICEF y sus aliados:

    • Vacunaron a 11,3 millones de niños contra el sarampión en los países afectados por crisis.

    • Proporcionaron acceso a la educación básica formal o no formal a 4 millones de niños en situaciones de emergencia.

    • Proporcionaron apoyo psicosocial a 2 millones de niños atrapados en conflictos y desastres naturales.

    Hechos comparativos generales En 1955, UNICEF ayudaba a 92 países y territorios. En 2016, UNICEF trabaja en 190 países y territorios.

    El primer Comité Nacional en pro de UNICEF se estableció en los Estados Unidos en 1947 para recaudar fondos y crear conciencia en nombre de la organización. En 2016, hay 34 comités nacionales alrededor del mundo.

    En 1972, UNICEF empleaba aproximadamente a 1.000 funcionarios contratados a nivel internacional y local. En 2016, cuenta con una plantilla mundial de aproximadamente 13.000 empleados.

    Acerca de UNICEF
    En UNICEF promovemos los derechos y el bienestar de todos los niños, niñas y adolescentes en todo lo que hacemos. Junto a nuestros aliados, trabajamos en 190 países y territorios para transformar este compromiso en acciones prácticas que beneficien a todos los niños, centrando especialmente nuestros esfuerzos en llegar a los más vulnerables y excluidos, en todo el mundo.

    Para obtener más información sobre UNICEF y su labor, visite: www.unicef.org.ar

    Síganos en Twitter y Facebook

    Contacto en Argentina

    María José Ravalli Especialista en Comunicación UNICEF Argentina mjravalli@unicef.org


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    Source: International Organization for Migration, World Vision, Shelter Cluster
    Country: South Sudan

    NEEDS ANALYSIS

    • Thousands of people fled when the fighting broke out in central Unity State on July this year. Many of them are sheltering on the swamps or seeking refuge in the bush. The displaced population ends up living in very poor conditions with limited access to basic live-saving items. The cluster leads a multi-sectorial intervention through the Survival Kits modality, which not only includes nonfood items but also supplies from WASH and Nutrition cluster that temporarily mitigates the dire conditions of the displaced population.

    • The IDP population has stabilized since the conflict in sparked again in July. Wau PoC, as well as other collective sites around Wau Town, lost an average of 25% of the IDP population. UN House PoC in Juba saw the population increased due to the relocation in Tomping. Shelter partners are working on both sites to match the balance of shelters missing to be able to accommodate the new arrivals received over the last two months.

    • New significant displacement as a result of the recent fighting in various areas of South Sudan, specifically in Greater Equatoria Regions, Unity and Upper Nile State. Uganda, Ethiopia, Kenya and Sudan have a total South Sudanese refugee population of 1 million people.

    RESPONSE

    • In 2016, Cluster partners have reached 150,234 households with NFI and 45,701 households with shelter materials. These represent 60% and 73% of respective target in Revised Cluster Response Plan (CRP) 2016.

    • The partners have distributed 1,000 Survival Kits to people who are displaced due to the recent fighting in Unity State. In 2016, a total of 15,555 Survival Kits have been distributed in Unity and Eastern Equatoria states.

    • Partners continue to respond to new waves of displacement in Greater Bahr el Ghazal and Equatoria through a combination of mobile teams and static presence to provide S/NFI assistance.

    GAPS & CHALLENGES

    • Access continues being the main challenge humanitarian partners have to face in South Sudan. Key locations like areas around Yei and Wau Town as well as some counties in Eastern Equatoria and Western Barh el Gazal remain to be out of reach due to political reasons

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    46% OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED HOUSEHOLDS IN NEWLY ACCESSIBLE SITES HAVE PROTECTION RISKS AND NEEDS

    OVERVIEW

    Vulnerability Screening provides an assessment of the protection environment in areas of displacement to enable effective humanitarian planning and targeted assistance. Round I of the vulnerability screening took place from November-December 2015, across all six North East States, reaching 17,534 vulnerable displaced households comprised of 128,511 individuals. Round II took place from March-April 2016, expanding upon the profiling of most vulnerable households conducted in Round I to further reach vulnerable households, particularly those in host communities in most affected areas of the six North East States.

    Round III of the vulnerability screening was a targeted exercise conducted from September-October 2016 to identify and register households with critical levels of vulnerabilities in areas within Borno State that weren’t able to be accessed previously by humanitarians. Round III expands upon the geographic locations conducted in Round II and therefore complements Round II findings (rather than superseding such report). This report compiles and analyses data from 17,730 vulnerable displaced households comprised of 108,065 individuals, out of a total of 38,279 displaced households in newly accessible sites screened, finding therefore that 46% of displaced households in newly accessible sites in Borno are vulnerable.


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    Source: Reuters - Thomson Reuters Foundation
    Country: Algeria, Guinea, Mali, Niger, World

    "A mass and summary deportation of migrants, including men and women who may have fled persecution or have worked for years in Algeria, would violate their rights"

    By Edward McAllister

    DAKAR, Dec 9 (Reuters) - Algerian authorities have deported hundreds of West African migrants to Niger this week, trucking them thousands of miles across the desert in one of the biggest roundups seen this year, according to officials and human rights groups.

    Read more on the Thomson Reuters Foundation


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    Source: British Broadcasting Corporation
    Country: Nigeria

    At least 45 people have been killed in a suicide bomb attack in the north-eastern Nigerian town of Madagali in Adamawa state, officials say.

    Read more on the BBC


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Concerns over performance of 2016 cropping season in Far North Region due to civil insecurity

    • Prices of cereals around or slightly above yearearlier levels

    • Food security situation sharply deteriorated in 2015 and 2016 due to massive refugee influx and internal displacements

    Concerns over 2016 cropping season in Far North Region

    Harvesting of the main 2016 season maize crop was completed in October in the bi‑modal rainfall central and southern regions, while the harvest of the secondary season crops is about to start. According to remote sensing analysis, abundant and well-distributed rains from March to June were followed in parts by erratic precipitation from July to September, with negative impacts on long-cycle main season crops and early-planted second season crops. Above-average rainfall in October reduced moisture deficits and improved vegetation conditions in most affected areas.

    In uni‑modal rainfall northern areas (North and Far North regions), where sorghum and millet crops are predominantly grown, harvesting has been recently concluded and prospects are uncertain despite favourable weather conditions. In the Far North Region, agricultural operations continue to be severely affected by the civil unrest which spread from neighbouring Nigeria in late 2014 and resulted in displacement of people, caused input shortages and depleted households’ productive assets that were already inadequate, due to recurrent climatic shocks which have eroded the resilience capacity of a large number of households. As a result, a reduced agricultural output for the second consecutive year is likely.

    In the Far North Region, livestock rearing activities have also been affected by the crisis, with large numbers of cattle reported to be stolen. Cameroonian authorities have temporarily closed several cattle markets, in an effort to curb illicit livestock trade.

    Prices of cereals around or slightly above year-earlier levels

    Prices of locally-produced maize, the most consumed cereal, declined by 2-18 percent between June and September as the main season harvest increased supplies. Maize prices in September were 2-6 percent higher than their levels of a year earlier.

    Prices of imported wheat, mainly consumed in urban areas, were stable around their year-earlier levels in recent months in the capital, Yaoundé, and in Douala, the largest urban centre and the main entry port for imports.

    Prices of rice, mostly sourced from the international market, were also stable around their levels of 12 months earlier in recent months in Douala, while they declined in Yaoundé by 10 percent between June and September, when they were 9 percent lower than in the same month of the previous year.

    Critical food security situation in northern and eastern regions, strong livelihood support required

    Local resources in northern and eastern regions have been put under added strain by the arrival of large numbers of refugees from neighbouring Nigeria and the Central African Republic.

    As of October, about 274 000 refugees from the Central African Republic were residing in North, East and Adamaoua regions, while refugees from Nigeria, who entered the Far North Region following the serious deterioration of the security situation in Borno State in June 2013, were estimated at about 86 000 in mid-November. In addition, civil unrest spread from Nigeria into the region and caused the displacement of almost 200 000 Cameroonians.

    As a result of these multiple shocks and of natural hazards (in northern areas, food production in 2015 was also negatively affected by drought), the overall food security situation has sharply deteriorated in 2015 and 2016. The number of food insecure people was estimated in October 2016 at 2.6 million, more than twice the level of June 2015. The area most affected by food insecurity is the Far North Region, where the caseload is currently estimated at 1.5 million, 100 000 more than the previous estimate in September 2015.

    A timely and effective support to the agricultural sector is required to mitigate the extent of the impact of the protracted and widespread insecurity on the agricultural sector.

    To help avert a full-scale nutrition and food security crisis in the coming months and to respond to the needs of the crisis-hit farmers in the Far North Region, FAO has provided crop production support to 33 500 individuals, with a special focus on women and youth, distributing seeds, tools and fertilizers.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    DEVELOPPEMENTS MAJEURS

    • Au cours de la période en revue, OIM a publié son cinquième rapport de la Matrice de suivi des déplacements (DTM) selon lequel 198.899 personnes, ou 35.360 familles, sont aujourd’hui déplacées dans la région de l’Extrême Nord du Cameroun en raison de l’insécurité liée aux attaques de Boko Haram. Cette DTM a egalement permis d’identifier 26.743 réfugiés vivant hors camp (5070 familles) et 36.068 retournés (6946 familles).

    Ce cinquième rapport de la DTM repose sur des données recueillies entre le 19 septembre et le 10 octobre 2016 dans 543 villages et six départements de la région de l’Extrême-Nord et sur des entretiens avec plus de 1 000 familles. Le rapport fournit des informations sur le nombre et la localisation des déplacés internes, sur les tendances et les processus du déplacement, sur les conditions socioéconomiques des déplacés et sur la démographie.

    Par rapport au précédent rapport de la DTM en août 2016, ces conclusions montrent une hausse de 10 pourcent du nombre de déplacés internes et une augmentation de 80 pourcent du nombre de réfugiés non enregistrés, ainsi qu’une hausse de 13 pourcent de retournés. Depuis le premier rapport de la DTM au Cameroun, la population recensée a augmenté d’environ 30 pourcent.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • More schools are closed in the north and centre of the country compared with last year

    • Food security deterioration at the national level

    • Slight decline in the prevalence of global acute malnutrition

    • End of the Niger River flood alert

    More schools closed in relation to insecurity

    The number of schools closed in the areas affected by insecurity in the north and the centre of the country has increased this year compared to last year. At the beginning of the school year in October 2016, 421 schools were closed compared to 296 at the end of the school year last June.

    This is due in general to the resumption of fighting between armed groups, as well as the climate of violence and fear linked to terrorist acts recorded in some localities in the centre and the north of the country. Armed individuals also called for the closure of schools in certain areas, and some schools and teachers were targeted by acts of banditry. The only region where the number of schools closed has not increased is Timbuktu. The regions of Gao, Kidal and Segou have registered the most significant increases in the number of schools closed.

    Thousands of children deprived of school meals due to lack of funding

    While the number of schools closed has increased in areas affected by insecurity, the World Food Program (WFP) announced its inability to provide school meals to all children in need due to lack of funding.

    The school canteen program of WFP was entirely jeopardized at the beginning of the school year but a two million euro contribution (nearly 1.3 billion CFA Francs) from the Belgian Government has enabled to maintain it in nearly 500 schools in the country from November. However 400 schools, with approximately 69,000 pupils, will not be assisted due to lack of funds. WFP still seeks to mobilize an additional 1.3 million US dollars (nearly 795 million CFA Francs) to fill the gap.

    Ongoing assistance

    Humanitarian actors, the Government’s partners in the education sector, have continued their support for children in need as they begin the school year.

    The education cluster and its partners are distributing 90,000 school kits in all crisisaffected regions.
    In addition, activities intended to strengthen the resilience of communities are also ongoing, such as in the region of Timbuktu where the NGO Plan International is implementing its “cash for work” program that has assisted 932 heads of households to support the education of their children.


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