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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food Security Cluster
    Country: South Sudan


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    Gains for consumers as seasonal green and dry harvests sustain weekly stability in food prices countrywide

    • Price of locally produced foods staples like maize, sorghum, beans, vegetables, etc extended reduced or stable weekly trends in the fourth week of the month in many markets across the country.

    • Notably, cereals (maize & sorghum) prices declined in the fourth week of September compared to the previous week by 20% in Agok, 15% in Bentiu, 14% in Juba (Konyo Konyo), 13% in Yida, 8% in Aweil Town and 6% in Bor while remaining relatively stable in Rumbek and Wau markets. On the other hand, maize prices increased on a weekly basis by 33-63% in Kapoeta and Torit mainly on account of increased insecurity along the trade routes that continue to restrict commodity flows into these markets.

    • Beans prices sustained stability week-on-week in nearly all monitored markets during the reporting week.

    • Green and main harvests in many parts of the country have led to seasonal weekly price decline or stability of locally produced food items.

    • Imported food items like vegetable oil and wheat flour sustained their levels in the fourth week of September when compared to the previous week, mainly due to increased seasonal substitution and consumption of cheaper locally produced food.

    • Agricultural casual labor rates remained unchanged on a weekly basis in many areas due to stability in the labor markets during the harvest period.

    • Despite these weekly gains for consumers and casual laborers, food prices remained significantly elevated when compared to the same week in August 2016, same period last year and the five year average.

    • For more details, kindly refer to the price trends in the annex that follow in the next page


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Nigeria faces immense humanitarian and protection challenges due to the ongoing insurgency in the North East. The conflict has caused grave human rights violations, impacting particularly on the most vulnerable civilians. As of August 2016, there are 2,093,030 persons internally displaced in the North East and North Central regions, with 83% of the displacements originating from Barno, Adamawa and Yobe States as a result of the insurgency. 50,706 vulnerable households comprised of 133,294 individuals have been identified in the North East, including many households with women, children and elderly with serious protection risks. 22,098 registered Nigerians in Adamawa, including many who fled due to the insurgency, have returned back from Cameroon of which 54% are children, 46% are women, and 98% originated from Barno. An additional 90,572 Nigerian returnees from Cameroon have been registered by UNHCR in Gamboru Nga/a in Barno State. 24,045 Nigerian returnees from Niger have been registered in Gashua and Geidam LGAs in Yobe. Nigeria has a refugee population of 1,250 individuals and 511 asylum seekers, located mainly in Lagos.


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    Source: UN Secretary-General
    Country: Mali

    SG/SM/18174-AFR/3462-PKO/606

    The following statement was issued today by the Spokesman for UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon:

    The Secretary-General condemns today’s series of attacks against the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA).

    According to preliminary information, four different attacks targeting MINUSMA personnel and installations occurred in Aguelhok, Kidal region, during which one peacekeeper from Chad was killed and eight others injured.

    The Secretary-General presents his sincere condolences to the family of the fallen peacekeeper and to the Government and people of Chad, and wishes a prompt recovery to those injured. He calls for swift action to bring the perpetrators of these attacks to justice and recalls that attacks against United Nations peacekeepers constitute war crimes under international law.

    The Secretary-General is also concerned by the recent violations of the ceasefire arrangements by the signatory armed groups in the area of Kidal and urges signatory parties to fulfill their obligations under the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, which would contribute to restoring stability and security in the region.

    For information media. Not an official record.

    New York, 3 October 2016


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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, International Organization for Migration, CCCM Cluster
    Country: South Sudan

    The UNMISS base in Tongping was closed and decommissioned with all IDPs voluntarily relocated to UN House, by 30 September. Since relocation restarted on the 21 September, 658 IDPs relocated from Tongping to UN House, and a total of 3,345 individuals (1,249 HHs) have been relocated since movements began on 28 July.

    UNMISS Tongping Transit Site

    CCCM

    • IDPs registered at the August headcount and protection cases were relocated on 26 and 27 September, with IDPs who had been working at the site and the non-registered caseload relocated on 28 September. Camp management continued to conduct an intensive sensitization campaign until camp closure.

    • The Tongping Transit Site officially closed on 28 September, with decommissioning taking place between 28 September and 2 October. Relevant units were responsible for decommissioning activities comprising: WASH (latrines, water points and bathing areas); Health (mobile clinic); Shelter (communal shelters); and CCCM (the transit site, information point and the collection of non-hazardous garbage). IOM hired 58 casual laborers to assist with the deconstruction of facilities. IOM ensured that all decommissioning processes met UNMISS environmental and relevant cluster standards.

    • Service provision at the site was gradually scaled-down in line with the declining resident population.

    UN House PoC Site

    CCCM

    • Biometric registration was launched in PoC 1 on 20 September and completed on 24 September with a total of 8,269 individuals (3,233 HHs) registered.

    • Biometric registration started in PoC 3 on 28 September. The exercise has proceed smoothly, with 23,268 individuals (8,587 HHs) registered as of 4 October. Registration is scheduled to be completed by 8 October, prior to the General Food Distribution (GFD) scheduled to begin 10 October.

    Shelter

    • A total of 245 of individual shelters have been constructed since relocations began. Of these, 178 shelters have been built inside blocks and 67 shelters have been built on internal roads. Individual shelters constructed provide on average 2m2 per person.

    • An additional 206 shelters will be constructed on internal roads or zones, which will provide shelter of the remaining IDPs relocated from Tongping.

    • UNMISS engineering support is required to complete urgent ground works on the drainage which are essential to complete construction of the remaining shelters on internal roads.


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    Source: Danish Refugee Council
    Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan

    More than 32,000 South Sudanese have sought refuge in the Gambella region of Ethiopia since the beginning of September, and an average of 1,000 more join them every day. The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is mobilizing all available resources to assist them and has constructed emergency shelters for 1,200 households in the last weeks, with an additional 200 emergency shelters being finalized in the two days. Furthermore, DRC provides assistance to persons with disabilities and special needs upon arrival to Tierkidi camp, one of the largest camps in the region.

    Conflict and food scarcity in eastern South Sudan, where renewed fighting has forcibly displaced thousands and cut off large parts of the population from their livelihoods, has blocked agricultural production and food deliveries in the country. Earlier in September, the United Nations warned that South Sudan has reached unprecedented levels of hunger.

    “The situation across the border is extremely serious with a combination of recent fighting and hunger. We and other agencies are mobilizing as rapidly as possible to provide shelter and assistance to the refugees crossing the border and especially focusing on vulnerable persons with disabilities or special needs,” says James Curtis, DRC’s Country Director in Ethiopia.

    The more than 32,000 new arrivals join 286,000 South Sudanese refugees who for the most part have been living in refugee camps in Gambella since civil war broke out in South Sudan in December 2013. 65% of the arrivals are under the age of 18 and one out of twelve new refugees are children who have been separated from their parents or arrive unaccompanied at the reception centre in Pagak, on the border between South Sudan and Ethiopia.

    “The current influx adds to an already large population of refugees and we are receiving a high number of unaccompanied minors – which increases the urgency for a rapid response,” says James Curtis.

    Here, the United Nations, the Ethiopian refugee agency ARRA and humanitarian NGOs endeavour to accommodate, register and relocate the new arrivals to the existing camps in Gambella as quickly as possible, to avoid congestion and to be able to provide essential services. The agencies present have in coordination reoriented their activities to respond rapidly to urgent needs in protection, shelter, food assistance, health services, and water and sanitation, both in Pagak and in the refugee camps.

    “DRC remains closely engaged with actors on the ground to be prepared to scale up the efforts, if the number of new South Sudanese refugees continues to grow unabated in the coming weeks,” says James Curtis.

    DRC has been operating in Ethiopia since 2009, supporting various refugee populations and host communities and has also working on mixed migration issues in the country. DRC has a country programme office in Addis Ababa and four operational offices in the Gambella, Tigray, and Somali regions.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Chad, Costa Rica, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mexico, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Viet Nam, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Key Messages

    • In West Africa, market availability reached seasonally low levels in August, at the peak of the lean season. However, supplies were generally adequate from above-average 2015/16 regional harvests, and international rice and wheat imports. Markets remained disrupted throughout the Lake Chad Basin and in parts of Central and Northern Mali. The recent depreciation of the Naira has led to price increases across Nigeria and reduced purchasing power for livestock and cash crops in the Sahel.
    • In East Africa, staple food prices remained extremely high in South Sudan following abrupt escalation of conflict in Juba in July and the resulting significant disruption of market activity. Despite well below average supply from production in Ethiopia in late 2015 and early 2016, staple food prices have remained stable with the availability of food through humanitarian assistance programs, imports, and the start of green harvests in some areas. Maize prices were seasonally stable in surplus-producing Tanzania and Uganda. Markets remain disrupted by insecurity in Yemen.
    • In Southern Africa, maize availability is well below average following consecutive years of well-below average regional production. Production in Zambia is estimated as average, while South Africa did not produce enough to meet domestic requirements. Maize prices did not decline during the post-harvest period and are well above-average levels across the region. Imports from outside of the region (likely from well-supplied international markets) are required to fill the very large maize import gap.
    • In Central America, the lean season continued with the delay of the Primera harvest. Maize prices were atypically stable as imports sustained supplies while bean price trends were mixed. Locally-produced staple food prices declined in Haiti with the progression of harvests in August, while imported rice and what prices remained stable.
    • In Central Asia, wheat availability remained adequate. Prices are significantly below their respective 2015 levels in Kazakhstan, the main exporter in the region, and significantly above the average in Tajikistan. Prices continued to be near average in Afghanistan and Pakistan.
    • International staple food markets remain well supplied. Wheat prices were mixed, while maize, rice, and soybean prices fell in August. Crude oil prices increased and remained well below average.

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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Togo, World

    Since August 2016 the Government of Niger has been implementing stricter measures to control irregular migration of ECOWAS migrants going into Libya or Algeria without valid documentation. To this end, control operations are in place in the region of Agadez with security forces controlling and turning back vehicles transporting migrants irregularly.

    The presence of migrants at the flow monitoring points of Arlit and Séguédine has decreased following these measures with a marked decrease of migrants leaving Niger for Algeria or Libya.

    However given the vastness of the desert terrain in the Agadez region it is quite well established that migrants go around the official border points and towns in the Agadez region leading to much more dangerous crossings of the desert. This is most likely what accounts for the continued but decreased departures from Séguédine primarily. There was a decrease in 40% of migrant departures from Séguédine to Libya between August and September. There was also a decrease by 50% of arrivals to Séguédine from Libya in the same time period.

    The main nationalities going through the flow monitoring points remain the same nationalities that are usually present. Nigeriens are one of the main outgoing nationalities but they aim to work temporarily in Libya and do not intend to go further. Other nationalities are much less present in the incoming flows because mainly migrants in Libya do not return through Niger but instead attempt to continue their migration journey towards Italy.


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    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Mali

    SC/12542-AFR/3463

    The following Security Council press statement was issued today by Council President Vitaly Churkin (Russian Federation):

    The members of the Security Council condemned in the strongest terms the multiple terrorist attacks that occurred on 3 October 2016 against the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) in Aguelhoc, in the north of Mali, during which two peacekeepers from Chad were killed and others injured.

    The members of the Security Council expressed their deepest condolences and sympathy to the families of the victims, as well as to the Government of Chad and to MINUSMA. They paid tribute to the peacekeepers who risk their lives.

    The members of the Security Council called on the Government of Mali to swiftly investigate these attacks and bring the perpetrators to justice. They underlined that attacks targeting peacekeepers may constitute war crimes under international law.

    The members of the Security Council reaffirmed that terrorism in all its forms and manifestations constitutes one of the most serious threats to international peace and security. The members of the Security Council underlined the need to bring perpetrators, organizers, financiers and sponsors of these reprehensible acts of terrorism to justice. They stressed that those responsible for these killings should be held accountable, and urged all States, in accordance with their obligations under international law and relevant Security Council resolutions, to cooperate actively with all relevant authorities in this regard.

    The members of the Security Council reiterated that any acts of terrorism are criminal and unjustifiable, regardless of their motivation, wherever, whenever and by whomsoever committed. They reaffirmed the need for all States to combat by all means, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and other obligations under international law, including international human rights law, international refugee law and international humanitarian law, threats to international peace and security caused by terrorist acts.

    The members of the Security Council reiterated their full support for MINUSMA and the French forces that support it. They reiterated their strong support for the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Mali, Mahamat Saleh Annadif, and for MINUSMA to assist the Malian authorities and the Malian people in their efforts to bring lasting peace and stability to their country, including through MINUSMA’s support to the implementation of the Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali.

    The members of the Security Council expressed their concern about the security situation in Mali, including the recent violations of the ceasefire arrangements. They noted that the full implementation of the Agreement and the intensification of efforts to overcome asymmetric threats can contribute to improving the security situation across Mali.

    The members of the Security Council further stressed the importance that MINUSMA has the necessary capacities to actively defend its mandate and safeguard the safety and security of the United Nations peacekeepers, pursuant to Security Council resolution 2295 (2016).

    For information media. Not an official record.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan

    CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

    WORSENING INSECURITY IN KAGA BANDORO

    UN Humanitarian Coordinator Fabrizio Hochschild on 30 September voiced concern over worsening insecurity in the northern Kaga Bandoro area since early September. At least 16 incidents of insecurity, including attacks on humanitarian workers, break-ins into premises and robberies were reported. The insecurity has also reduced humanitarian access to certain localities. Some aid groups have left the area and their implementing partners suspended operations. Earlier in the month, fighting between rival armed groups killed six people and forced around 3,200 civilians to flee their homes. The majority of the displaced have since returned to their homes.

    CHAD

    TRIPARTITE MEETING OVER SUDANESE REFUGEES

    Sudanese and Chadian authorities as well as UNHCR held second-round discussions on 29 September over the modalities of voluntary repatriation of Sudanese refugees in Chad. Currently there are some 309,000 Sudanese settled in a dozen refugee camps in eastern Chad. They are demanding better security back home before being repatriated.

    CHADIAN RETURNEES RECEIVE IDs

    The issuance of ID cards to Chadian returnees who arrived from the Central African Republic (CAR) in 2013 and 2014 started on 26 September in sites in southern Chad. As part of a European Union-funded project implemented by UNHCR and its partners, at least 7,000 Chadian returnees from two sites in southern Chad (Kobitey and Danamadja) will receive IDs. Advocacy efforts focus on extending the initiative to all 83,000 Chadian returnees from CAR in the country.

    NIGERIA

    SPATE OF ATTACKS HIT BORNO LOCALITIES

    Boko Haram gunmen have repeatedly attacked the newly-accessible Askira-Uba,
    Chibok, Bama and Gamboru-Ngala localities in Borno where thousands of people have been forced to live in displacement sites. The raiders have targeted markets, homes, food and livestock convoys and military positions. More than 10 people, including civilians and soldiers were killed in a recent attack. Although the state government said it has started reconstruction works in some of the localities, the wave of attacks raises questions of safety for the displaced and humanitarian workers.

    SAHEL & WEST AFRICA

    GOOD HARVESTS EXPECTED IN 2016 -2017 SEASON

    Following abundant and well distributed rainfall in much of Sahel and West Africa this season, good harvests and livestock production are expected, according to experts. Cereal production could be between 64 and 75 million metric tons: up to 28 per cent compared to last year and the past fiveyear average. Livestock production prospects are satisfactory due to availability of water points, abundant pasture and disease control. However, pockets of pasture deficits have been observed in certain areas of Chad, Mali, Mauritania and Niger.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Sudan

    RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE

    AGGRAVATION DE L’INSÉCURITÉ À KAGA BANDORO

    Le 30 septembre, le Coordonnateur humanitaire de l'ONU, Fabrizio Hochschild, a exprimé son inquiétude devant l'aggravation de l'insécurité dans la zone de Kaga Bandoro, au nord, depuis début septembre. Au moins 16 incidents d'insécurité, dont des attaques contre des travailleurs humanitaires, des cambriolages et des vols ont été signalés. L'insécurité a également réduit l'accès humanitaire à certaines localités. Certains groupes d'aide ont quitté la région et leurs partenaires d'exécution ont suspendu leurs opérations. Plus tôt dans le mois, les combats entre groupes armés rivaux avaient tué six personnes et forcé environ 3 200 civils à fuir leurs maisons. La majorité des personnes déplacées ont depuis regagné leur domicile.

    TCHAD

    RÉUNION TRIPARTITE SUR LES RÉFUGIÉS SOUDANAIS

    Le 29 septembre, les autorités soudanaises et tchadiennes ainsi que le HCR ont tenu une seconde série de discussions sur les modalités de rapatriement volontaire des réfugiés soudanais au Tchad. Actuellement, quelque 309 000 soudanais sont installés dans une douzaine de camps de réfugiés dans l'est du Tchad. Ils exigent une meilleure sécurité dans leur pays d'origine avant d'être rapatriés.

    LES RETOURNÉS TCHADIENS RECOIVENT LEURS CARTES D’IDENTITÉ

    L’émission de cartes d'identité aux retournés tchadiens, arrivés de la République centrafricaine (RCA) en 2013 et 2014, a commencé le 26 septembre dans des sites au sud du Tchad. Dans le cadre d'un projet financé par l'Union Européenne et mis en œuvre par le HCR et ses partenaires, au moins 7 000 retournés tchadiens de deux sites au sud du Tchad (Kobitey et Danamadja) recevront des papiers d’identité. Les efforts de plaidoyer se concentrent sur l'extension de l'initiative à tous les 83 000 retournés tchadiens de la RCA dans le pays.

    NIGERIA

    UNE SÉRIE D’ATTAQUES FRAPPE L’ETAT DE BORNO

    Des hommes armés de Boko Haram ont attaqué à plusieurs reprises les localités nouvellement accessibles d’Askira-Uba, Chibok, Bama et Gamboru-Ngala dans l’État de Borno, où des milliers de personnes ont été contraintes de vivre dans des sites de déplacement. Les assaillants ont ciblé des marchés, des maisons, des vivres, des convois de bétail et des positions militaires. Plus de 10 personnes, dont des civils et des soldats, ont été tués dans une attaque récente. Bien que le gouvernement fédéral dit avoir commencé les travaux de reconstruction dans certaines des localités, la série d’attaques soulève des questions de sécurité pour les déplacés et les travailleurs humanitaires.

    SAHEL ET AFRIQUE DE L’OUEST

    DE BONNES RECOLTES ATTENDUES POUR LA SAISON 2016 -2017

    Selon les experts, après des pluies abondantes et bien réparties dans une grande partie du Sahel et de l'Afrique de l'Ouest cette saison, de bonnes récoltes et une production animale satisfaisante sont attendues. La production céréalière pourrait se situer entre 64 et 75 millions de tonnes métriques: une hausse de 28 pour cent par rapport à l'année dernière et à la moyenne des cinq dernières années. Les perspectives de production de bétail sont satisfaisantes en raison de la disponibilité des points d'eau, des pâturages abondants et du contrôle des maladies. Cependant, des poches de déficits fourragers ont été observées dans certaines régions du Mali, en Mauritanie, au Niger et au Tchad.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria

    Since 2014, Cameroon has felt the effects of the insurgency of the Islamic State in West Africa (ISWA, formerly known as Boko Haram). The increase of violent attacks in Nigeria, Cameroon and neighbouring countries has led to the displacement of populations away from areas of conflict and violence. The International Organization for Migration set up and rolled out the first round of the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) in November 2015 with the objective of providing regular, accurate and updated information on displaced populations within the Far North region of Cameroon to better support the response of the Government of Cameroon and the humanitarian community.

    The Cameroon DTM can be compared with the Nigeria DTM for an understanding of displacement within the regional context. The data collected between July 20th and August 1 st , and presented in this fourth report, includes information on number of displaced persons, period of displacement, reason for displacement, type of accommodation and household information, and demographic data on displaced populations. This report includes data collected through evaluations conducted in 06 departments, 38 arrondissements and 514 villages of the Far North region

    HIGHLIGHTS

    Population identified by the DTM in July 2016 in the Far North region of Cameroon:

    • 181,215 Internally Displaced Persons (33,621 households)

    • 14,871 Unregistered Refugees (2,617 households)

    • 32,023 Returnees (6,188 households)

    87% of the displaced population was displaced by the insurgency and 13% by flooding and other natural disasters.

    An estimated 33% of the current population was displaced in 2016 (January to July 2016). The remaining percentage is broken down as follows: 38% in 2015, 21% in 2014 and 8% before 2014.

    An estimated 59% of the displaced household population lives in host communities while 20% lives in rented housing, 12% in spontaneous settlements, 9% in collective centers, and 1% in open-air spaces.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Ethiopia, South Sudan, Uganda

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Thousands displaced after renewed fghting in Unity.

    • Plight of nearly 100,000 people stranded in Yei raises alarm.

    • The cholera outbreak is now affecting six counties.

    • Fresh fghting drives a new wave of refugees to Ethiopia.

    • A decline in food prices provides slight reprieve in some areas

    Civilians displaced and aid workers relocated from volatile areas in Unity

    Renewed fghting in parts of Unity has forced people to flee their homes and prompted the relocation of aid workers, causing the suspension of the delivery of much-needed humanitarian assistance.

    Flashpoints in recent weeks include Kaljak, Ding-Ding, Jazeera, Koch and Buaw. Fighting has displaced civilians into swampy areas, with many traveling long distances on foot in search of safety. There are reports of civilians being killed, raped and abducted during the fghting and while fleeing, as well as of forced recruitment of children in Guit.

    Over the last two weeks of September, 62 aid workers were relocated from these locations, including 38 from Jazeera and Nhialdu and 24 from Buaw and Koch. This disrupted life-saving services for over 65,000 people in need.

    The relocations highlight the dangerous and diffcult operating environment in Unity, where humanitarians have faced increaing insecurity over the past year and a half. In July 2016, humanitarian assets were looted and aid workers were relocated from Leer following fghting. In order to engage authorities on the critical importance of respecting humanitarian principles and ensuring the safety and security of aid workers, a humanitarian team visited Leer town and Ding-Ding on 28 and 29 September.

    Meanwhile, in accessible parts of Unity, humanitarian response is ongoing. This includes programming reaching thousands of vulnerable families in Leer county through the distribution of health backpacks, water flters, essential household items (plastic sheets, blankets, and mosquito nets), and fshing kits; and a rapid response mission which assisted about 15,000 people in Thanyang and 8,000 in Ngop (Rubkona).

    Humanitarian organizations are closely monitoring the situation in areas where they have had to relocate staff to determine when it will be appropriate to return.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan, Sudan


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Nigeria

    SUMMARY

    Scenario 1: Continued low-level conflict, increasing returns
    Duration of crisis More than 15 months
    Overview: The conflict continues with neither the military or insurgents making significant territorial gains. Many areas of Borno remain insecure, with access a severe constraint. Few new IDPs emerge, while increasing numbers of IDPs return to the ‘safer’ LGAs, especially in early 2017, to prepare agricultural land. Almost all IDPs/refugees from Adamawa and Yobe return.

    Scenario 2: Increasing security, multiple displacement flows
    Duration of crisis More than 15 months
    Overview: Initial military success enables the government to retake control of all urban areas, although much of rural Borno remains insecure. Insurgents regroup and increase the number and frequency of targeted attacks on state institutions and civilians in some areas. Almost all IDPs/refugees from Adamawa and Yobe states return, as do many from Borno. However, the increased insurgent activity in some areas of Borno and Yobe cause re-displacement of returnees.

    Scenario 3: Widespread insecurity, famine
    Duration of crisis Moree than 2 years
    Overview: At least one of the insurgent factions changes tactics and regains popular support in some rural areas, increasing in strength. The conflict escalates, and spreads again into other states. Displacement increases significantly. Across the northeast, humanitarian access reduces as does the state’s, already limited, capacity to provide services.

    Scenario 4: Negotiated settlement, large-scale returns
    Duration of crisis 12–18 months
    Overview: A negotiated settlement between the government and the main insurgent factions results in a sustained ceasefire, and precipitating large-scale returns to all areas. This overwhelms the state services in many LGAs. Access to land improves.
    Localised insecurity persists due to splinter groups rejecting the ceasefire.
    Humanitarian access improves slowly. Less media coverage leads to a fall in humanitarian funding, limiting the medium-term response.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger

    Regional Highlights

    • The UN and its partners revised the 2016 Humanitarian Needs and Response Overview (HNRO) for the Lake Chad Basin summarizing the immediate humanitarian needs of 9.2 million affected people. The HRNO requests US$739 million for humanitarian response in 2016, of which $197 million has already been received. The remaining unmet requirement of $522 million includes $368 million for Nigeria, $56 million for Chad, $55 million for Cameroon, and $44 million for Niger, respectively.

    • Governments, regional organizations and aid groups on 23 September pledged a major increase in lifesaving support to the millions of people affected by the crisis across the Lake Chad Basin. At a high-level event held on the margins of the UN General-Assembly on 23 September, donors including Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States pledged over US$163 million in humanitarian support for the Lake Chad Basin crisis.

    • The level of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) recorded in July and August in newly-accessible areas in Borno State, Nigeria, revealed an “extremely critical” situation according to the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) for acute malnutrition. For example, GAM rates in Bama, Banki, Monguno and Dikwa range between 30 and 60 per cent which is associated with a significantly increased risk of child mortality.

    Humanitarian Needs

    Population movement

    • In Chad’s Lac region, several new sites where internally displaced persons (IDPs) may have been present for several months have recently been identified. There are fears that the rising insecurity and large military operations could trigger new population displacements. Currently, there are some 127,000 displaced people, including 6,600 refugees.

    • Nigerian authorities supported by the humanitarian community have completed the relocation of more than 27,000 IDPs from school sites to Bakassi and Dalori IDP camps in Maiduguri. The relocation from schools and other government institutions paved way for the reopening of educational institutions closed for more than two years due to increased Boko Haram attacks in the city.

    Protection

    • The deterioration of security in Chad is heightening protection risks of vulnerable populations. In August, the protection monitoring system implemented in the northern basin reported 83 cases of civilian protection violations; and 59 from 1 to 17 September. The majority of the violations related to property rights. Insecurity is also increasing inter-community tensions and stigma.

    • A $4.2 million rapid response grant by the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has been approved for Cameroon. The assistance will target 40,000 newly displaced people in Logone and Chari, 20,000 vulnerable host community members as well women and children facing heightened risks of sexual violence and forced recruitment by Boko Haram.

    Food Insecurity

    • Populations in several recently-accessible localities in Nigeria’s north-eastern Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states remain in “emergency” (IPC Phase 4) acute food insecurity. Recent information from these areas show larger gaps in basic food needs and suggest high levels of acute malnutrition. While there has been some improvement in food assistance delivery, market functioning and government services in these localities, there are still security risks and limited opportunities for both IDPs and returnees, according to the Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWSNET)

    • The level of GAM recorded in July and August in newly accessible areas in Borno State revealed an “extremely critical” situation according to the IPC for acute malnutrition. For example, GAM rates in Bama,
      Banki, Monguno and Dikwa range from 30 to 60 per cent, which is associated with a significantly increased risk of child mortality.

    • In Chad, food security has significantly worsened and displaced families are relying mainly on food assistance in a region where many among the host population are already highly vulnerable. There are more than 133,000 severely food insecure people in the Lac region. Socio-economic activities have been hampered by population movements and insecurity. Malnutrition rates continue to be above emergency thresholds in several districts.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Contexte

    Le violent conflit dans le Bassin du lac Tchad n’a cessé de s’aggraver. Les raids et les attentats suicides de Boko Haram sur les civils causent des traumatismes généralisés, empêchant les gens d’accéder aux services essentiels et détruisant les infrastructures vitales. Environ 21 millions de personnes vivent dans les zones touchées des quatre pays riverains du Lac Tchad. Le nombre de personnes déplacées dans les zones les plus affectées a triplé depuis les deux dernières années. La plupart des familles déplacées sont hébergées par des communautés qui sont parmi les plus pauvres et les plus vulnérables au monde. L’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition dans les régions affectées ont atteint des niveaux alarmants.

    Développements récents

    Des gouvernements, des organisations régionales et des groupes d'aide ont promis une augmentation importante de l’aide indispensable à la survie de millions de personnes touchées par la crise du Bassin du Lac Tchad.

    Lors d'une récente réunion de haut niveau tenue en marge de l’Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, les donateurs, dont la Belgique, l'Italie, le Royaume-Uni et les États-Unis ont promis plus de 163 millions de dollars en aide humanitaire pour quelque 9 millions de personnes dévastées par les conflits, le déplacement et la perte de moyens de subsistance. Les attaques de Boko Haram continuent d'entraver l'accès humanitaire et d’augmenter les risques liés à la protection des civils. Au nord-est du Nigeria, une récente vague d'attaques, ciblant les commerçants et les convois de vivres dans les zones nouvellement accessibles, soulève des préoccupations. Après une accalmie en août, des attaques attribuées à Boko Haram ont éclaté dans la région de Diffa au Niger, avec des hommes armés pillant des villages, incendiant des maisons et tuant des civils.

    Les opérations humanitaires ont été temporairement suspendues dans les localités frontalières de la région du Lac au Tchad en raison de l'aggravation de l'insécurité. Les attentats suicides et les explosions d’engins explosifs improvisés (EEI) continuent d'être rapportés dans la région de l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun, entravant l'accès aux personnes qui ont le plus besoin d’aide.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration, CCCM Cluster
    Country: Chad, Nigeria


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    Source: Government of Chad, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria, Sudan

    Changements clés

    La population totale de réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile est passée de 386,339 en Aout à 387,829 personnes en Septembre. Ceci représente une augmentation globale de 1,490 personnes composées de nouveaux nés, de nouveaux arrivants et de personnes régularisées au travers des procédures mises en place dans le cadre de l’enregistrement continu.

    Au total pour ce mois, 938 nouveaux nés ont été enregistrés dans tous les camps et environ 706 nouveaux arrivants pour la plus part des centrafricains ont été enregistrés au Sud du Tchad (Diba-Vom).

    L’opération de mise à jour des données sur les personnes à besoins spécifiques initiées dans la Sous-Délégation de Iriba vient de prendre fin avec les camps de Kounougou et Mile et les résultats seront disponibles dans les jours a venir.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Nigeria

    Highlights

    • IOM continues its biometric registration in three states in North East Nigeria. As of 30 September, 363,245 individuals (103,638 households) have been biometrically registered in Adamawa (90,203), Borno (251,841) and Yobe (21,201) states.
    • IOM has built 319 emergency shelters in Benisheik (Borno State), to ensure that the affected populations have access to shelter, which will reduce their exposure to the environment and contribute to their increased security and dignity.
    • Throughout 2016, IOM has enhanced preparedness and response capacity by strengthening knowledge and practices to 488 participants, of which 343 are Government representatives and 145 participants are NGOs/Hum.

    Situation Overview

    Since the beginning of 2014, the North-East of Nigeria has witnessed an increase in violence created by the insurgency, causing a major humanitarian crisis. The intensification of attacks as well as the counter-insurgency activities have resulted in chronic and widespread insecurity and violations of human rights, exacerbating the plight of vulnerable civilians and triggering waves of forced displacement. There are seven million people in need of humanitarian assistance in Nigeria, including 1.9 million people displaced by the insurgency. Ninety-two per cent of the IDPs are hosted by low-income host communities, bringing already-stretched services and resources under increased pressure. The armed conflict has directly affected four states in the North East: Borno, Adamawa, Yobe and Gombe, with Borno State being the most severely affected and the epicentre of military operations and displacement of civilians. While the current humanitarian response covers all four states, the access to large territories in Borno State remains very limited. This together with low funding has created a strain for humanitarian actors to meet minimum standards.

    The last few months have witnessed the Nigerian security forces enabling access to the main towns and many of the villages of 22 of the 27 Borno Local Government Areas (LGAs), revealing the humanitarian needs of civilians previously inaccessible under the control of the insurgency, where more than 700,000 people are in need of urgent humanitarian assistance.


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