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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan

    USG O'Brien's Remarks at High Level event on South Sudan on the margins of the 71st Session of the General Assembly

    Ministers, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

    I would like to thank you once again for your participation in this important meeting. It has underlined the urgency of strong collective action and solidarity with the people of South Sudan.

    Panellists have spoken with alarm of the brutal levels of violence meted out on civilians in this conflict and the dire need for strong protection solutions.

    They have voiced deep concern on the impact of conflict on the already fragile food security situation in the country.

    And they have spelled out the impacts of the rapidly deteriorating economic crisis in South Sudan, which is generating additional security risks, while increasing the risk of food insecurity, malnutrition and sickness for millions of people.

    Many have also expressed concerns about the challenges aid workers face while reaching those in need of assistance.

    Humanitarians are saving lives while risking their own, and attacks - such as the one in July at Terrain Hotel where aid workers were targeted – are simply unacceptable. The level of disregard for the work that they do and the principles under which they operate is untenable.

    Ministers, Excellencies, Ladies and Gentlemen,

    As noted by the Secretary-General, half of all South Sudanese need lifesaving assistance and protection; 4.8 million people are food insecure; and 2.6 million people have been forced to flee their homes. This month, the number of refugees has reached the one million mark.

    We call upon leaders here today to leverage their influence over fighting parties to bring an end to the bloodshed and to redouble their efforts towards durable peace. Only by bringing an end to the violence can we sustainably stem the suffering.

    I reiterate the call made by the Secretary-General and other speakers here today: civilians must be protected and humanitarian principles must be respected to help us protect and assist all of those in need, wherever they may be. Attacks against aid workers and their facilities must stop, and those who are at the front line of providing assistance must be able to do so safely and without impediment.

    I would like to thank donors for their generosity to South Sudan.

    Already this year, donors have given more nearly US$ 700 million dollars for the Humanitarian Response Plan, including some US$ 47 million through the Central Emergency Response Fund. But as of today, nearly three months before the end of the year, we still have a gap of more than US$600 million.

    So far this year, aid workers have reached more than three million people with assistance and protection. Despite the violence, intimidation, and interference they have faced, aid workers are determined to assist women, girls, men and boys across this country who have already suffered too much.

    I would like to end on a note of thanks to the humanitarian organizations, including the NGO workers, local, national and international who are on the front lines of the response - working tirelessly in difficult circumstances, to help those in need. Their efforts demand the highest levels of moral, political and financial support and to that end, I welcome the commitments expressed at today’s event. May this support continue to be scaled up so that no one in South Sudan is left behind.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: South Sudan

    A weekly price analysis of food and other essential commodities

    Repreive for consumers as food prices decrease seasonally in many markets in the third week of September 2016

    • Price of locally produced commodities (cereals, legumes, vegetables etc) have started to reduce or stabilize somewhat in many markets across the country in line with seasonal harvests.

    • In particular, grain (maize & sorghum) prices went down in the third week of September 2016 compared to the previous week by 9-12% in Juba (Konyo Konyo), 10% in Aweil Town, and 20-29% in Wau Market. Relative stability in cereal prices were recorded in Torit. An exception was noted in Bor Market where prices were still on the rise during the reporting week.

    • Beans prices also declined week-on-week in Juba (8%) while remaining relatively stable in other markets over the third week of September.

    • The easing in prices of these staples is mainly due to new harvests starting to trickle into local markets.

    • Similarly, imported food commodities like vegetable oil and wheat flour declined slightly or sustained their levels in third week of September when compared to the second week, the main driver being reduced demand due to increased substitution towards cheaper local foods.

    • Casual labour rates improved on a weekly basis in many areas due to increased labour demad for harvesting activities, raising the prospects of gradual seasonal improvements in purchasing power of households.

    • Despite these short term gains for consumers and casual labourers, food prices remained significantly elevated when compared to the same week last month, same period last year and the five year average.

    • For more details, kindly refer to the price trends in the annex that follow in the next page.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: South Sudan, Uganda

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • Conflict in and around Yei has forced thousands from their homes.

    • The number of South Sudanese seeking refuge in neighbouring countries has surpassed 1 million.

    • About 1.3 million people will benefit from aid through humanitarian fund allocation of $30 million.

    • Assistance outside Wau remains limited due to continued access constraints and insecurity.

    Yei fighting: thousands more displaced

    Fighting and increasing insecurity in and around Yei town have forced tens of thousands of people to flee their homes, according to findings from an Inter-agency Rapid Needs Assessment (IRNA) undertaken in September and the latest information received from humanitarian partners. Following July’s fighting in Juba, Yei and its surrounds have seen clashes and increasing insecurity. Most recently, on 13 September, fighting along the Yei-Lasu road reportedly caused thousands of people to flee into Yei town, with many reporting that their homes and belongings had been destroyed or looted. There are also reports that an orphanage in Yei town has been occupied by armed forces.

    Large numbers of civilians from Yei have fled the country and sought refuge in Uganda, and hundreds more are reportedly fleeing from Yei county to Juba by air. An inter-agency team that visited Yei town in September observed many abandoned homes, with several neighbourhoods largely deserted. Violent attacks - including killings of civilians using machetes (pangas) and guns, abductions, sexual violence, forced recruitment and mistreatment by armed actors - were reported to the assessment team, and civilians expressed fears of further attacks.

    Access outside of Yei town remains difficult due to the presence of checkpoints and armed actors. Civilians report that villages and crops have been damaged and, in some instances, destroyed. Most people no longer have access to their farms. However, some are still undertaking the risky journey to bring subsistence produce to markets and their families. The markets in Yei town are functioning, but at a considerably reduced capacity. The price of goods has increased notably due to the combination of supply shortages, depreciation of the South Sudanese Pound and impact of the economic crisis.

    Yei’s water network remains functional, although at a reduced capacity due to lack of fuel. The Yei hospital had not received a resupply of drugs in over four months, due to insecurity on the Juba-Yei road. Health partners were able to replenish the hospital with medicines sufficient for the next six months during the assessment mission. While schools are open, there is a significant drop in the numbers of students attending. One school visited cited that only 74 students out of its 400-student population were attending classes.

    The assessment team noted that, if the security situation does not stabilise in the weeks ahead, the humanitarian situation in and around Yei is likely to rapidly deteriorate.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Somalia, South Sudan

    22 septembre 2016 – Devant l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies, le Président du Burkina Faso, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, a affirmé que son pays avait renoué avec « les valeurs cardinales qui fondent la démocratie et l'état de droit » et a appelé à soutenir les efforts en faveur de la « recherche de la paix et de l'enracinement de la démocratie en Afrique ».

    « Le développement durable n'a jamais figuré en aussi bonne place dans l'agenda des priorités de la communauté internationale », a déclaré le premier Président burkinabé démocratiquement élu depuis 1978, précisant que le Plan national de développement économique et social (PNDES) adopté par son gouvernement pour la période 2016-2020 s'inscrit dans la lignée du Programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030. « Nous savons pouvoir compter sur la solidarité agissante de tous, qui en soutien aux efforts propres de l'Etat burkinabé, permettra de consolider les bases d'un véritables développement durable, gages de paix, de sécurité et de stabilité de notre pays », a-t-il ajouté.

    « Le Burkina Faso salue le Plan d'action contre l'extrémisme violent du Secrétaire général adopté le 15 janvier 2016 et appelle à la finalisation urgente et l'adoption du projet de convention générale sur le terrorisme », a dit M. Kaboré pour qui le terrorisme international et l'extrémisme violent se sont imposés comme des « menaces majeures de notre temps ».

    Selon le Président burkinabé, l'efficacité de la lutte contre ces menaces dépendra de la capacité de la communauté internationale à s'inscrire dans une logique de partenariat, de mutualisation des efforts, d'échanges de renseignements dans le cadre d'une « coalition mondiale, cohérente et solide ».

    « La paix, la sécurité et le développement sont indissociables », a rappelé M. Kaboré. « L'Afrique s'est inscrite dans une dynamique de recherche de la paix et d'enracinement de la démocratie ».

    Le chef de l'Etat burkinabé considère que la situation sécuritaire dans le nord du Mali, au Soudan du Sud et en Somalie mérite toute l'attention de la communauté internationale « afin que ces pays puissent clore définitivement le chapitre des violences des conflits et des crises qui plombent leur ancrage institutionnel et leurs efforts de développement ».

    Dans le domaine de la santé, M. Kaboré a rappelé que la lutte contre le VIH/sida doit rester d'actualité alertant que les risques de résurgences sont énormes en raison de la croissance démographique rapide de la frange jeune de la population. « La volonté du Burkina Faso de mettre définitivement un terme à ce fléau d'ici 2030 reste ferme », a-t-il assuré indiquant que son pays avait adopté un Cadre stratégique national de lutte contre le VIH/sida et les infections sexuellement transmissibles.

    Le Président du Burkina Faso a conclu en appelant la communauté internationale à engager une « réforme responsable et équilibrée de l'ONU pour un ordre international plus juste, plus équitable et plus viable ». Faisant référence au Conseil de sécurité, il a réitéré la position africaine « qui n'a pour objectif que la réparation d'une injustice historique vis-à-vis de l'Afrique ».


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    Source: UN Mission in South Sudan
    Country: South Sudan

    Juba, UNMISS Compound –Tomping

    Speakers:

    Mr. Jean-Luc Stalon, UNDP Acting Country Director Mr. Biplove Choudhary, UNDP Senior Advisor

    Facilitator – Shantal Persaud – UNMSS Acting Spokesperson

    Mr. Jean-Luc Stalon - What I would like to share with you today is about reflection of peace.
    International Day of Peace is celebrated each year around the world on 21 September and is dedicated to world peace and the absence of war and violence. The international theme for this year‟s event is “The Sustainable Development Goals: Building Blocks for Peace.” The national theme is “Together We Can Heal the Nation.”

    Peace is not just a slogan. International Day of Peace is an opportunity to reflect, strategize and mobilize for peace and to think strategically. International Day of Peace is an opportunity to reflect on global peace, as well. If you are seeing the headlines every day of refugees flowing across borders, how extremism and violence has erupted in different places, how economic systems whilst reducing global poverty have simultaneously increased inequalities and marginalized big sections of the people, you will feel overwhelmed about the turbulent times.

    While it is true that the global peace is facing new emergent challenges, there are indicators to show that when compared with the 20th century, the world is a safer and more prosperous place in many ways. Over the last 25 years extreme poverty is projected to drop from 45% to 10% globally and we are likely to be the first generation ever to witness an opportunity to end to extreme poverty. What are the approaches UNDP is taking to promote peace and stability in South Sudan?
    UNDP works in South Sudan as part of the United Nations Country Team, which currently operates under the Interim Cooperation Framework, endorsed and in cooperation with the government. The United Nations in South Sudan works in five key areas:

    Building community resilience
    Providing basic services
    Strengthening peace and governance
    Reinvigorating local economies
    Strengthening opportunities for women and youth

    At UNDP we believe there is a nexus for peace, an intersection of achieving peace if you will, between the following three interrelated areas.
    Human development,
    Human security
    Nation-building.

    Human development is a concept created and advocated by UNDP as a way to strengthen how we measure the welfare of a population. Human development goes beyond using income as an indicator of how people are faring in a society and expand it to include other important measures in health and education. For example, South Sudan has comparatively high income per capita but human development indicators are some of the lowest anywhere in the world. Up to 4.8 million people in South Sudan are projected to face food shortages. More than 15 percent of the population of the country is exposed to extreme malnutrition with some areas recording more than 33 percent of malnutrition. Adult literacy is at only 27%, and less than 16% of women are literate.
    Approximately 70% of children in South Sudan have never set foot in the classroom and more than one million children mostly from rural areas are not in school. Maternal mortality has stagnated at 2054 per 100,000 and mortality for infants and children stands at 75 and 104 respectively.

    Earlier this year, the Government of South Sudan and UNDP launched the first-ever National Human Development report with the theme of “People, Peace, and Prosperity.” The report found that the single-greatest drain on prosperity and human development in South Sudan is the absence of peace. There cannot be prosperity without peace, but neither peace without people. Peace is the connector between people and prosperity. There must be a balanced approach in South Sudan between addressing the overwhelming humanitarian needs and support on recovery and stabilization needs of the people. These are activities that need to happen simultaneously to avoid creating chronic dependence on aid and spiraling humanitarian needs.

    Speaker: Mr. Biplove Choudhary UNDP Senior Advisor

    What are some results of UNDP programs in peacebuilding and strengthening human development in South Sudan? As UNDP, our overall strategy is to leverage our support to secure quick and transformative wins for the peace process. We are doing this by investing in building resilient communities and empowering people. So far our support has targeted the following areas in an integrated manner. UNDP is engaged on supporting the country on building the capacity of key national institutions, ensuring rule of rule and access to justice, peacebuilding, ensuring community security and preventing conflicts, and revitalizing the economy:

    1. We have contributed to resolving and managing community conflict, such as facilitating community dialogue in Jonglei and Upper Nile, and building economic infrastructure such as markets as a means to facilitate community co-existence;

    2. UNDP has promoted building markets to encourage production and exchange, provided alternative means of employment by training more than 1000 people including youth and women and providing them with opportunities for earning a living through a mix of sustainable skills training, cash for work and supporting microenterprises; this helps the youth to stay productively engaged and acts as a preventive to getting involved conflict as a means of survival.

    3. To help ensure citizens have access to basic public goods, UNDP is working with the Ministry of Health and supporting the strengthening of systems and capacities to enable the delivery of public services, for example, by building county support bases and providing top quality training to public servants. UNDP also supports public service health systems -- we have built 5 Ante Natal Care clinics, 5 maternity wards and 2 state laboratories which have served 239,301 mothers and contributed to the improvement of coverage for pregnant mothers to 53% in the country, up from 34% from before.

    4. UNDP is brokering partnerships and ensuring that South Sudan taps into global opportunities and capacities. During the past five years we have mobilized and delivered on average $100 million annually;

    5. UNDP is currently supporting the South Sudan Peace and Reconciliation Commission to promote peace education and a culture of peace. In addition, our support for the Bureau for Small Arms is aimed at reducing the number of small arms in circulation in local communities.

    Question and Answer

    Question - Dau Adau John (This day Newspaper) yah my question is going to the acting director of UNDP, you mentioned that South Sudanese people are getting huge percentage per capita as per the report of World Bank, and you said in the end that people are not realizing this huge income per capita, why do you think people are not realizing that?

    Jean Luc: Thank you very much, these are all very relevant questions, I don‟t know to which extent I will be able to give you a satisfactory response to it, but I will try my best to have a conversation about this issue. What I was saying about income is that it is insufficient to way of assessing the well-being of an individual or even a community by looking only at the issue of the income, but I was saying that the human development concept is not only about looking at the income, but also looking at income, health and education. And I was also saying that the way we calculate the income per capita is misguiding because I do not think that the income per capita of the South Sudanese is this much money, because this is a mathematic calculation is a formula ,it is an econometric calculation, my colleague here is an econometrician. He will talk about that. But the real issue is that income alone is not enough to look at the well-being of the people so that is why it is very important that we also assess access to education access to health and so forth.

    Biplove Choudhary - Ok thank you very much very quickly I think that question is very relevant, we have always struggled on to how to measure development. Initially what we were doing was measuring development by calculating the total of those domestic products of the national income, and dividing it by the population that Country had. Then of course we realized that this was not enough, why? Let us say Bill Gates walks into this room, so we have how many people let us say fifty people and Bill Gate walks into it, if you calculate your per capita income in this room before Bill Gate walks in maybe you have five hundred dollars per person, but if Bill Gate walks in our per capita in this room will turn into millions of dollars. It's not money in your pocket, it is money registered in average is just to illustrate. That's how UNDP brought in education, health and income to illustrate per capita. The issue of economic development how much this country has is a function of how much money you are able to put in development, so those are slightly different issues.

    Question: Junior Ali (Eye Radio) My question goes to Jean Luc, as you know recently the UNHCR released a report saying the number of refugees around the region has surpassed one million and this is on the record level and recently the UN General Assembly in New York adopted the declaration of refugees and migrants, what does this mean in the context of South Sudan?

    Jean-Luc - I think it‟s obvious that South Sudan has a big issue of refugees. There are people who are coming to South Sudan as refugees and there are South Sudanese who are going to neighboring Countries as refugees and the main agency that is dealing with the issue of refugees is UNHCR, so I won‟t go into the details about the refugees, but what I can tell you is that there is global agreement between UNHCR and UNDP in addressing the issue of refugees, and that is called durable solution, and the durable solution of addressing the issue of refugees is that if people don't want to return home help them wherever they are . Provide them with Socio economic reintegration package.

    Question : Phillip Wani (Radio Miraya) - my question goes to Jean, you did mention that UNDP is supporting the government in order to strengthen the rule of law and issues like the legal aid and all these. Most of us know that Juba Central prison accommodates more thousands of inmates, most of whom are actually still on remand, so there is a question of lack of legal aid for the inmates, and all along you have been supporting the government in this area, how come that this challenge is still prevailing.

    Jean-Luc: Rule of law is very important issue and I have to tell you that in one of the prisons here we built a vocational center inside the prison to train the inmates, so when they come out they have skills so they can get jobs. So the legal aid we have put in place a scheme, so those people who do not have money, they cannot afford a lawyer, they can their case can go to the court. But of course I am not telling you that what we have put in place is enough to address all the case load, the case load is big. I think it will take time, but we are really engaging in this area, with the ministry of Justice to provide legal aid to those who need it .What I know is legal aid and also access to justice is a big issue. You know I don‟t know the number but I am sure it is very high; the number of judge per population here is very limited compared to the number of the population that is why we talk about transitional justice. When the number of cases is growing, and growing the formal system cannot address it and we are will not able to address it. In the future you need to have some other means that will kick in to reduce the cases and that is what we call transitional justice .Let me give you an example in Rwanda after the genocide, the formal justice system could not address all the caseloads ,there were millions of people who needed to access justice, they had lost relatives, they had lost their assets, so the Rwandese government put in place something called “Gacaca” which was a local, traditional kind of a system adapted to our time, and they were able to really reduce the case load and that was a kind of transitional system of justice, but I don‟t know about South Sudan yet. But I'm sure this conversation will continue with the government to find solutions because you need to reduce the case load, and you need to help those who do not have possibility, you need to help them access to Justice. I think that is the legal aid aspect.

    Question- Atiol Emalik (freelance journalist)- You have talked about international cases similar to South Sudan, especially genocide committed, why you mentioned about some genocide committed is it going to be like alarm, if people are not going well and peace is not in South Sudan it will lead to genocide? What are the challenges that UNDP has around the globe, can you compare the challenges here in South Sudan in terms of cultural diversity and culture of revenge and what are you doing exactly?

    Jean-Luc - I cited the example of genocide, you see journalists sometimes they are very good at picking one word and they make their own story. I was citing those genocides as the worst that humanity had faced in the twentieth century but I did not make any connection in whatsoever. On the contrary we very much believe that we have to get away from the past, and that that will never happen again. And in terms of „Gacaca”, I was talking about transitional justice mechanism when you have a huge people who are in need of justice you need to put in place a transitional system of justice because the formal system will not be able to address it, so I was talking about the discussion we were having with the government, with the ministry of Justice to have the transitional system of Justice.

    Jean-Luc - I am very happy actually with the conversation and the progress we are having with the ministry of Justice on this issue, they are committed to establish a commission of reconciliation, truth and healing which is a provision of the transitional government so we are now working on the technical committee, I don‟t want to take too much time on the technicality, but it is going to happen and we will support it, we need to have reconciliation to reconcile the people truth, to tell the truth because without truth you will still have a misunderstanding, and healing because there are people who want to heal. And the government has agreed to move forward and establish this commission, which is a very good move and we are very supportive of that.

    Question : Sheila Poni, (EBC Radio and TV) you talked about working together with the government on development projects, when are you planning to start these projects and which parts of the Country are you going to focus on because some parts of the country have insecurity, how are you willing to get to those places ?

    And you mentioned that the food program cannot be taken to people on empty stomach and yet we have 4.8 million people suffering about food issues and UNDP is focusing on peace programs, what are you going to do about this issue of food crisis?

    Jean-Luc- We as the UN of course need to access all areas where we do our work, and there are incidences where we cannot access because of insecurity and that really make the beneficiaries to suffer because they are not accessing the aid. As far as UNDP is concerned we are working in different states, we are working in northern Bahr el Gazal, for example in Awiel, where we have some projects going on, from some time, for example rule of law projects, we have projects with the ministry of finance on public finance management, but we are increasing, on recovery stabilization I am happy to tell you that you will be invited soon to come to Awiel an inaugurate construction of vocational training center for youth and construction of the market especially for women to sell their vegetables. So we have advanced discussion with the government on this issue.

    We are working in Bor, we have a number of projects in Bor, Terekeka, in Yambio; so we are trying to be working in every corners of the country. We are not everywhere, yes, you know the food issue, is mainly addressed by humanitarian agencies, that is why I said that a plane of WFP is putting food for those people who are desperate, our job as UNDP is to make sure that once people have enough energy they can actually get seeds, they can get tools and some possibilities to go back to their land and they can cultivate so they can restart their lives. Our approach is about recovery and stabilization to compliment the humanitarian assistance, thank you very much.

    Question: Junior Ali (Eye Radio) -I think you missed an aspect from my question, actually I was referring to the leaders the World leaders in the UN General Assembly, currently going on, they adopted a declaration of refugees and migrants ,what does that mean to South Sudan?

    Jean-Luc- Yes, I actually misunderstood you now it is clear, we do not know the details yet, I mean the idea is you help countries to stabilize their populations so they do not go out seeking for asylum, there are countries in Africa that are very much affected by this issue, such as Eritrea for example and also some countries in West Africa , but whole idea is that an aid package to help countries stabilize their population instead of having their population running mainly to look for better life and better income and so forth.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Nigeria

    This is a summary of what was said by UNHCR spokesperson William Spindler – to whom quoted text may be attributed – at today's press briefing at the Palais des Nations in Geneva.

    By: William Spindler | 23 September 2016

    As the Nigerian government continues to open up areas formerly controlled by Boko Haram and to facilitate the return of thousands of people to their home areas in the north-east, the scale of the damage is becoming more and more apparent and new humanitarian challenges are emerging.

    The government has since late August facilitated the return of several thousand people from Maiduguri, capital of Borno state, to the towns of Dikwa, Konduga and Mafa. Local authorities said they relocated 1,120 people to Dikwa on Tuesday, and more movements are planned in the coming days and weeks.

    Some internally displaced people in Maiduguri have made short return home visits with government assistance to assess the situation. One such group originally from Mafa told us that they were ready to return permanently as soon as the government organized another convoy with armed escorts.

    Some had already decided to stay in Mafa and not go back to Maiduguri. The facilitated returns remain mainly to towns, with security in villages still highly uncertain. Returning villagers are advised to stay within 15 kms of towns.

    The challenges are immense for those returning, as UNHCR found during a recent visit to the newly accessible town of Gwoza, located 150kms south-east of Maiduguri. Most of the former population of at least 300,000 people had fled to Maiduguri in 2015 and 2016 to escape Boko Haram’s eight-month rule and subsequent fighting. Today, local authorities say, 70,000 people (returnees and internally displaced from nearby villages) have returned since the city’s recapture last March.

    But they have come back to a heavily damaged town (some 70% of it razed to the ground), and while the government has started to rebuild some infrastructure, including the city hospital, and organizations like UNICEF and MSF are providing health assistance, some returnees and IDPs from other areas are living wherever they can. This could cause problems in the future when more people originating from Gwoza return to find their homes occupied by strangers.

    UNHCR, IOM and other partners are working with the authorities to assist on shelter issues. We are helping develop a new site for already displaced people arriving in Gwoza to seek shelter. There are three existing IDP sites in Gwoza managed by the army.

    The welfare of children is also a concern. Many suffer from dehydration and malaria, though UNICEF, MSF and the military are providing health assistance. UNICEF has erected two large tents to provide classrooms, which are overcrowded with more than 130 pupils per tent. Only a few teachers have returned and soldiers are teaching some children English in Gwoza and elsewhere.

    In general people told UNHCR they felt safe in Gwoza with the military present. But many are not ready to return home, and UNHCR reiterates that return should be voluntary and that people should have access to sufficient information about the situation at home so that they can make an informed decision about return. We have drafted a policy framework on returns highlighting this and are discussing it with the government and other partners and seeking support for it and its aims.

    Many people in Maiduguri and newly accessible areas of Borno state told UNHCR they worry about the security situation, food shortages, continuing economic disruption, and limited access to food, water, shelter and health structures. The planting season has passed, and families fear that they will not have enough to eat, even though the government provides returnees with 25 kilos of rice, and other basic food. WFP also provides food.

    Others are discouraged by the presence of land mines and improvised explosive devices, that together with insecurity on key roads have helped cripple regional trade and the economy. Some displaced women in Maiduguri told UNHCR they were afraid of going back to their home districts because of the Boko Haram presence. Some had been abducted by the insurgents in 2014 and 2015, forcibly married and held captive for months before escaping or being freed by the army.

    In Maiduguri, the authorities continue to move internally displaced people from school buildings to camps: more than 4,000 people were relocated over the last week from the Arabic Teaching College to Bakassi camp, which already hosted some 17,000 people.

    UNHCR continues to scale up its presence in the north-east with the deployment of additional staff (9 new staff as off September 20). We have plans to build 1,400 additional emergency shelters and distribute 2,500 shelter kits in the local government areas of Borno in the next weeks.

    More than 2.2 million people have been displaced in north-eastern Nigeria due to Boko Haram-linked violence since 2014, including more than 2 million internally displaced people and some190,000 refugees in neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

    For more information on this topic, please contact:

    In Nigeria,


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    Source: Catholic Relief Services, ActionAid, Danish Refugee Council, COOPI - Cooperazione Internazionale, Norwegian Refugee Council, INTERSOS, Christian Aid, Mercy Corps, Action Against Hunger, Oxfam, International Rescue Committee, International Medical Corps, Save the Children, Plan, Première Urgence Internationale
    Country: Nigeria

    The ongoing conflict with Boko Haram in West Africa has pushed the number of people facing the threat of severe hunger to more than 6 million according to the latest assessments, say 15 humanitarian organisations.

    The warning comes as governments and donors meet to talk about the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin region at the UN General Assembly in New York on the 23 September.

    The revised UN appeal is calling for US$559 million until the end of the year to meet the emergency needs caused by the crisis. Organisations say that without more money they are unable to reach the most vulnerable people even in areas that can be accessed.

    Over 65,000 people are already living in famine in pockets of northeast Nigeria, and over one million people are one step away from famine. In the countries of Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon there are 6.3 million people severely food insecure. Of these 4.4 million people are in Nigeria.

    At the UN General Assembly world leaders will also discuss the plight of refugees and migrants, but those who have fled their homes but remain inside their countries will be missed from the discussions. With 2.6 million people on the move, the Lake Chad Basin is Africa's fastest growing displacement crisis and should be high on their agenda.

    Yannick Pouchalan, Action Against Hunger’s Country Director for Nigeria: “What we are seeing is families teetering on the edge of famine. If organisations can’t reach communities in areas trapped by the conflict, we will be looking at a far greater disaster than we are currently facing. Many of those arriving in camps are already severely malnourished. We see families who have not eaten for days, many are begging for food. If the situation continues to deteriorate many more people may die.”

    In some areas of Borno state in Nigeria, the rate of acute malnutrition in children under five is over 50 per cent. This is similar to what was seen during the 2011 crisis in Somalia when the scale and severity of hunger led to a declaration of famine.

    The conflict, and military operations to counter it, has meant that farmland, rivers and lakes that people rely on for growing food and fishing are off limits as part of military operations in Nigeria, Niger and Chad. Markets have been closed, and people’s means of transport, such as motorbikes, have been banned, cutting people off from their ways of making a living.

    Lisa Bay, Oxfam’s Lake Chad Basin’s Operational Lead, said: “Civilians have paid a high price for policies of cutting off Boko Haram’s food and supplies. People should be able to fish, farm and sell their goods at markets. We have seen hugely generous communities welcome people who have fled their homes – but now they have nothing to give. They too are hungry and need access to aid.”

    15 organisations in Nigeria are looking for over US$143 million until the end of the year to provide life saving support such as food, water, shelter and safety, but are struggling to secure the funding and scale up their activities.

    Sarah Ndikumana, IRC’s Nigeria Country Director: “We have received little over US$53 million, but there is a funding gap of nearly US$90 million. Without money we simply can’t reach the people who need it the most with aid. The situation is critical with many lives hanging in the balance. We urge donors to dig deep to stop this crisis turning into a huge catastrophe. We cannot stand-by and watch thousands of people suffer and die when we can do something about it.”

    Jennifer Poidatz, Vice President of Catholic Relief Services’ Humanitarian Response Department, said: "We need to learn from other protracted crises in the world, where short-term solutions simply don't allow people who have fled from their homes to go back to their lives. Only robust funding over multiple years, of both international organisations and local and national organisations on the ground, will ensure that we can adequately respond. We also need political leadership and action to address the root causes of the violence.”

    As a result of the conflict, there have been alarming levels of sexual violence, human rights abuses and forced recruitment, even of young children. The security situation remains fragile and violence continues, making it difficult for the agencies to get assistance to all the people who need it.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Aujourd'hui, le 23 Septembre, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies, les présidents du Tchad, du Cameroun, du Niger et du Nigeria, ainsi que d'autres chefs d’Etat et les partenaires internationaux assistent à un événement de haut-niveau sur la crise humanitaire dans le bassin du Lac Tchad, en marge de la 71ème session de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies.

    Du côté tchadien du Lac, plus de 250 000 personnes ont besoin d'assistance. La communauté humanitaire, soutenue par de généreux bailleurs de fonds, s’efforce de répondre à leurs besoins les plus urgents, tout en répondant aux causes profondes de la crise et en renforçant la résilience des communautés.

    En pièce jointe se trouvent quelques exemples de la façon dont l'assistance multisectorielle sauve et change des vies dans la région du Lac. Plus de soutien de la part des bailleurs de fonds est nécessaire en urgence afin d’intensifier ces efforts et améliorer la vie des enfants, des femmes et des hommes touchés par une des crises humanitaires les plus négligées et sous-financées dans le monde.

    Pour plus d’informations sur la situation humanitaire et les besoins prioritaires dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad, veuillez consulter les Besoins et Priorités de la Réponse dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad pour la période de septembre à décembre 2016 : http://reliefweb.int/node/1695306/


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Today, on 23 September, the United Nations Secretary-General, the Presidents of Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Nigeria, and other world leaders and international partners are attending a high-level event on the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, in the margins of the 71st session of the United Nations General Assembly.

    On the Chadian side of the Lake, more than 250,000 people are in need of assistance. The humanitarian community, supported by generous donors, is striving to respond to their most pressing needs while also addressing the root causes of the crisis and strengthening community resilience.

    Attached are a few examples of how multi-sectoral assistance is saving and changing lives in the Lac region. More support from donors is urgently needed to expand these efforts and improve the lives of children, women and men affected by one of the world’s most neglected and underfunded humanitarian crises.

    For more information on the humanitarian situation and priority needs in the Lake Chad Basin, please consult the Lake Chad Basin Revised Requirements and Response Priorities for the period September-December 2016: http://reliefweb.int/node/1695306/


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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development, International Organization for Migration, UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: South Sudan

    Camp management started a biometric population registration for internally displaced persons (IDPs) at the UN House Protection of Civilians (PoC) site in Juba, South Sudan, on 20 September.

    The registration, which will continue for three weeks, will improve response planning and IDP access to humanitarian services at the site, where approximately 39,400 people are seeking protection from the crisis that erupted in December 2013.

    With support from UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) peacekeeping troops and UN Police to secure the site, ACTED, IOM and UNHCR are working with staff from WFP, Concern, Handicap International, THESO and community representatives to roll out the exercise.

    The biometric registration follows an IOM-led population count in August and subsequent WFP paper based registration, which enabled food distributions in September. The last biometric registration at the UN House PoC site was conducted in June 2015.

    During the registration, each household member is fingerprinted and issued with an individual identification card. This methodology minimizes duplication, absentees and errors found in paper-based registration, enabling appropriate response planning and avoiding replication of services.

    Extremely vulnerable IDPs are assisted by protection partners and fast-tracked to the front of the queue to reduce waiting time. All IDPs are covered by the biometric registration, including those who are unable to leave their shelters, under treatment at the clinic, or in the holding facility.

    When fighting reignited in Juba in July 2016, thousands of new arrivals fled to the site and the UNMISS base in Juba’s Tongping neighbourhood for safety. Since August, more than 2,600 people have relocated from the Tongping base to UN House with support from camp management and UNMISS. An estimated 1,300 people remain at Tongping as relocations are ongoing.

    “A number of families were separated during the conflict, with family members stranded in Tongping, unable to reach their shelters in UN House. The relocation has, therefore, often led to emotional reunifications and relief, when families are once again reunited in the safety of UN House,” said Victoria Parr, ACTED camp manager.

    To accommodate new arrivals and mitigate the impact of overcrowding in the congested site, IOM has constructed more than 170 new shelters in the site. ACTED, as camp manager at UN House, has relocated over 500 people from communal to individual shelters to date. UNHCR monitors the relocation to ensure that families stay together and the most vulnerable are not left behind.

    Approximately 200,000 people are sheltering at UNMISS bases across South Sudan, seeking protection from the ongoing crisis, while humanitarian conditions continue to worsen as the nearly three-year conflict persists.

    ACTED, IOM and UNHCR co-lead the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) Cluster in South Sudan and support the coordination of assistance within displacement sites throughout the country, where more than 1.61 million people remain internally displaced by the crisis. END

    For further information, please contact: Ashley McLaughlin at IOM South Sudan, Tel: +211 915 816 515, Email: amclaughlin@iom.int Rocco Nuri at UNHCR South Sudan, Tel: +211 927 725 535, Email nuri@unhcr.org Victoria Parr at ACTED South Sudan, Email: victoria.parr@acted.org


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    6 million people severely food insecure

    80-90 % of the population depend on agriculture, fisheries and livestock for their livelihoods

    2.6 million displaced people USD

    16 million needed for FAO’s response until end of 2016

    KEY MESSAGES

    • Restoring agricultural livelihoods is a priority to avoid a further deterioration of the food security situation of displaced people and host communities in the coming months.

    • Limited funding received in 2016 for livelihood interventions is of major concern, especially in Northeast Nigeria where 4.5 million people face acute food insecurity according to latest analyses.

    • Without agriculture and livestock support, many farmers and herders will resort to negative coping mechanism with long-lasting impact on their livelihoods. This may result in increasing for humanitarian needs in 2017 and beyond.

    • Special attention to women and youth is given in all FAO interventions. This is crucial to offer livelihoods alternatives and income generation opportunities, and support women that are particularly vulnerable in conflict environment.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger

    2016 REQUIREMENTS 260 million

    FUNDING (1) 111 million

    UNMET REQUIREMENTS 149 million


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    Source: War Child International
    Country: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, World

    Forced Migration

    The figures for forced migration are staggering and unprecedented. And yet the movement of people is a symptom of a crisis, not the cause. Until there is a global reduction in violence and conflict, the problem will continue to get worse.

    This is why – as you will read over the next few pages – War Child’s work with displaced communities focuses on longer term solutions that go beyond the immediate reaction to the emergency. We concentrate on peace-building through education, on creating economic opportunities through training and investment and on delivering access to justice through innovative models, like our mobile legal clinics – literally lawyers on motorbikes. We do this to help communities rebuild an environment where childhood can thrive, so that when they are able to return to their homes, they will be more resilient and less likely to see a return to violence.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Nigeria

    ****Around 70,000 people have found destruction, insecurity and scarcity on arrival in Gwoza, a city liberated earlier this year from militants in northern Nigeria***.

    By: Hélène Caux | 23 September 2016

    GWOZA, Nigeria – After Nigerian forces liberated this once thriving city from Boko Haram militants, displaced resident Saeed returned home to gutted buildings and burned out cars. He is clear about what the city needs: “We need everything.”

    The 38-year-old is among thousands of people, both returnees and those displaced from nearby villages, facing immense challenges in Gwoza, a city 40 kilometres from the border with Cameroon, which was liberated by Nigerian forces in March.

    Although driven from the city, the heavily-armed insurgents are still marauding on the far side of mountains flanking Gwoza, and continue to attack nearby villages that supply it with vital produce

    “The food is an issue, we are mainly farmers here but because of the insecurity still prevailing in the outskirts of Gwoza, and in the villages, we still cannot go and cultivate our fields,” says Saeed, describing the fears of those returning to the city, which lies some 150 kilometres from Maiduguri, the capital of north-east Nigeria’s Borno state.

    “There is no industry in the region, and we need to be able to bring goods from other places, such as from Maiduguri or from Cameroon. But because the roads are not safe, we feel as if we are locked in. We need the roads to be open again,” he adds.

    More than 2.2 million people have been displaced in north-eastern Nigeria due to Boko Haram violence since 2014, including more than 2 million internally displaced people and some 190,000 refugees in neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

    Before Boko Haram captured Gwoza in August last year, it had a population of at least 300,000, although many fled to Maiduguri. The Nigerian military has been distributing some food provided by the government, and WFP has also made some distributions in the city and surrounding areas.

    Nevertheless, the challenges are immense for the 70,000 people who are now in the city.
    Some 70 per cent of the city was razed during the fighting and eight months of Boko Haram occupation. When they stormed the city, militants murdered the Emir, and subsequently abducted an unknown number of women and girls, forcing many into marriage.

    While the government has begun rebuilding infrastructure, including the city hospital, and organizations like UNICEF are providing health assistance, some returnees and new arrivals from other areas are living wherever they can – a potential source of problems in the future when more people originating from Gwoza return to find their homes occupied by strangers.

    UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and the International Organization for Migration and other partners are working with the authorities to provide shelter. UNHCR staff are helping develop a new site where internally displaced people arriving in Gwoza can seek shelter. There are three existing sites for the displaced in the city, which are managed by the army.

    The welfare of children is also a concern. Many suffer from dehydration and malaria, though UNICEF, MSF and the military are providing health assistance in a tent. UNICEF has erected two big tents to provide classrooms, which are overcrowded with more than 130 pupils per tent. There are not enough teachers.

    In general people told UNHCR they felt safe in Gwoza. But many people are not ready to return home, and the UN Refugee Agency reiterates that this should be voluntary. People should have access to sufficient information about the situation at home so that they can make an informed decision about return.

    Many of those returning recall harrowing experiences during Boko Haram’s occupation, particularly women. One woman said she had no news of her 12-year-old granddaughter since she was abducted by Boko Haram, although she believed she had been forcibly married to a militant.

    “I don’t know where she is. Boko Haram knew the military were coming soon to try to retake the city so they wanted to take away the girls and young women with them,” said the woman, who declined to be named.

    Another recalled how her 17-year-old daughter was kidnapped by Boko Haram when she ventured out into the street one night in search of food. She endured several months as their captive, but escaped only to be recaptured. She was subsequently executed after she refused to marry one of the militants.

    “They beheaded her,” the girl’s mother recalled. “After several days, we saw her body and head in the street. The insurgents would not allow us to recover her body and to bury her.”

    To read a briefing note on the situation faced by those returning to liberated areas of northern Nigeria, click here.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 9/23/2016 - 18:04 GMT

    Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari appealed Friday for the international community to help relieve the growing humanitarian disaster triggered by the Boko Haram insurgency in a plea for aid at the UN General Assembly.

    Warnings about food shortages caused by the conflict in the country's northeast and the broader Lake Chad region have intensified in recent months, with humanitarian organisations cautioning of a looming famine.

    Speaking in New York, Buhari said that the devastation wrought by Boko Haram had been compounded by climate change.

    "We are renewing the call for re-dedicated international action to end the humanitarian needs of victims and address the root causes of terrorism itself," Buhari said.

    "(The) complexities and severity of humanitarian crises across the world have increased in recent times, resulting in devastating repercussions. 

    "The dual impact of climate change and terrorism-cum-insurgency has created deeper implications for peace and security."

    Lake Chad, straddling the borders of Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon in West Africa, is shrinking, leaving surrounding communities without freshwater.

    Humanitarian organisations have compared the scale of the Nigerian disaster to the 2011 crisis in Somalia, when "more than a quarter of a million people died" amid a prolonged drought. 

    Two years later, the UN admitted that the international community did not act quickly enough, saying "the suffering played out like a drama without witnesses".

    In Nigeria, where there are millions of people at risk, some on the ground fear that the situation could be worse than the one that blighted Somalia.

    There are more than 6 million people facing the threat of "severe hunger", said a coalition of 15 humanitarian organisations in a statement on Friday. 

    Of those, over 65,000 people are "already living in famine in pockets of northeast Nigeria, and over one million people are one step away from famine," said the organisations.

    "If organisations can't reach communities in areas trapped by the conflict, we will be looking at a far greater disaster than we are currently facing," Yannick Pouchalan, Action Against Hunger’s country director for Nigeria, said in the statement.

    Boko Haram has been pushed back following a military offensive by Nigerian and regional forces, but the scorched-earth policy of the jihadists has ravaged an already destitute region. 

    In July, the United Nations said nearly 250,000 children under five could suffer from severe acute malnutrition this year in Borno state alone and one in five -- some 50,000 -- could die before the end of the year.

    The UN regional humanitarian coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, has said $385 million (345 million euros) more is needed for northeast Nigeria alone. 

    sf/gw

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Secretary-General
    Country: Mali

    Je suis heureux de vous souhaiter la bienvenue à cette importante réunion avec le Président Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta et les Ministres des affaires étrangères MM. Lamamra et Ayrault.

    Je remercie les nombreux amis internationaux du Mali présents ici aujourd’hui, notamment les partenaires régionaux et les États qui fournissent du personnel.

    La promotion de la paix et de la stabilité au Mali est primordiale pour son peuple, pour la région et pour notre monde.

    For the past year, we had the historic Agreement for Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, and MINUSMA is in its third year. Both have helped to drive progress.

    The parties agreed on a way forward to establish interim administrations. There are foundations for the cantonment of combatants and the redeployment of security institutions. The stage is set to strengthen the rule of law and basic services.

    But progress is tenuous. We see confrontations and violations of the ceasefire. Just last month, I condemned armed clashes between signatory parties in Kidal. There were new confrontations last week.

    We are responding together. President Keïta’s High Representative is working together with my Special Representative and Algeria to defuse tensions.

    I call on the armed groups to cease confrontations, and on all parties to set aside short-term interests and carry out the peace agreement.

    This is essential for Mali’s partners, including MINUSMA, to achieve lasting stability and peace dividends for communities in Kidal, Gao, Timbuktu and beyond.

    Insecurity affects access to people. Among them, the nearly half a million needing immediate food assistance, and 180,000 children facing severe acute malnutrition.

    I am also deeply worried about new sources of instability in Mali, the impact of terrorism on civilian life, and the many instances of serious human rights violations. All sides must fully comply with their human rights obligations, including during counter-terrorism operations. Violations play right into the hands of the terrorists.

    Any feelings of marginalization and disillusionment with the peace process can breed resentment and create fertile ground for spoilers.

    I call for inclusiveness of the dialogues that will shape Mali’s institutions. All segments of society should participate, including women, youth, opposition groups and religious and community leaders. I hope that the “Conférence d’entente nationale” will reflect this spirit of inclusiveness of constituencies and interests.

    I count on President Keïta’s statesmanship to generate new momentum and propose clear benchmarks and timelines for the peace agreement’s accelerated and inclusive implementation.

    Mali needs the unwavering and coherent support of its international partners.

    The Security Council has strengthened MINUSMA to ensure it can support the implementation of the Peace Agreement and the restoration of State institutions, and protect civilians.

    MINUSMA is doing everything possible to help stabilize areas where terrorist and criminal networks operate and where our troops face the threat of explosive hazards.

    In this dangerous environment, MINUSMA still suffers key capability gaps. I call on Member States to urgently help strengthen the Mission.

    Countries in West Africa and the Sahel must also do their part to tackle instability in the region, and boost cross-border cooperation through initiatives spearheaded by the African Union, ECOWAS, the G-5 Sahel and others.

    Le Mali a besoin de notre soutien indéfectible. L’Accord de paix reste le cadre qui donnera à tous les Maliens une chance pour une vie meilleure et plus sûre.

    Hier, c’était la fête nationale du Mali. Il ne saurait y avoir de meilleure façon de la célébrer que de stimuler le processus de paix en formulant des objectifs clairs à atteindre ensemble et de donner à la MINUSMA les moyens de mener à bien notre mission commune.

    Merci. Thank you.


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    Source: AlertNet
    Country: Nigeria

    by Adaobi Tricia Nwaubani

    Nigerian teenager Zara John, who was rescued from Boko Haram captivity last year, says school has opened her eyes to new opportunities

    ABUJA, Sept 23 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - When Nigerian teenager Zara John was rescued from Boko Haram captivity last year, she was delighted to learn she was pregnant with the baby of the Islamic militant who abducted her and forced her into marriage.

    Seven months ago, the 18-year-old said she was still in love with the Boko Haram commander. But going back to school has helped John to forget about Ali, her militant husband, and inspired her to focus on her education and her future instead.

    Read the full article here


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    Source: US Department of State
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, United States of America

    Media Note
    Office of the Spokesperson
    Washington, DC

    September 23, 2016

    The United States announced today more than $41 million in additional humanitarian assistance to people affected by the ongoing conflict and severe food insecurity in Nigeria and throughout the Lake Chad Basin region, where more than 6 million people need emergency food assistance, and 2.6 million people are displaced.

    U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Samantha Power made the announcement at a high-level event on the humanitarian crisis in the Lake Chad Basin, on the margins of the 71st United Nations General Assembly.

    With this announcement, the United States is providing more than $359 million since fiscal year 2015 to people affected by Boko Haram-related conflict and the related humanitarian crisis. The United States continues to be the single largest humanitarian donor to the region.

    This new funding to United Nations and NGO partners will help tens of thousands of people receive critically needed humanitarian assistance, including food, water, shelter, and services to address acute hygiene, protection, and nutritional needs.

    The United Nations estimates an additional $542 million is needed to meet the humanitarian needs of people in the region between September and December 2016. The U.S. calls on other donors to contribute additional humanitarian assistance for the millions of people in the region whose lives have been affected by Boko Haram violence.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Governments, regional organizations and humanitarian agencies today pledged a major increase in life-saving support to the millions of people affected by the humanitarian crisis unfolding in the Lake Chad Basin.

    Heeding the call of United Nations Deputy Secretary-General, Jan Eliasson, at a high-level event held on the margins of the UN General-Assembly, donors including Belgium, Italy, the United Kingdom and the United States pledged over US$163 million in humanitarian support for the Lake Chad Basin, an area which straddles Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria.

    “I am very encouraged by the new commitments of support that have come out of today’s event”, said Stephen O’Brien, United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator. “We must now use these vital extra resources to accelerate our implementation and do everything possible to rapidly scale up life-saving assistance to the millions of people that urgently need our help.”

    Beyond financial assistance, affected countries and humanitarian partners pledged to strengthen collaboration to meet immediate needs of affected communities, provide longer-term development assistance and to address the root causes of the crisis.

    Over nine million people across the Lake Chad Basin urgently need humanitarian assistance. Some 6.3 million are food insecure and 2.6 million people, including 1.5 million children, have been forced to flee from their homes. Violence and insecurity have brought economic activity to a halt and farmers across the region have missed three successive planting seasons.

    "The Lake Chad Basin crisis is one of the most acute emergencies in the world. The situation of many affected communities has deteriorated beyond alarming levels. If we do not act fast, and do more especially in areas that were previously inaccessible, thousands of people will die,” said Assistant Secretary-General and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer.

    UN agencies and NGOs are scaling up their operations to deliver assistance to six million people, including some 800,000 people in newly-accessible areas in north-eastern Nigeria, but the response remains critically underfunded. Only $197 million (or 27 per cent) of the $739 million required for the provision of the most urgent life-saving assistance until the end of 2016 has been received, leaving a gap of $542 million prior to today’s event.

    The Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), managed by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), has provided over $90 million for life-saving humanitarian aid to 2.5 million people affected by the Lake Chad Basin crisis in 2015-16.

    The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) and the European Union (EU) co-organized the event with OCHA. Speakers included the President of the Republic of Chad, Idriss Déby; President of the Republic of Niger, Mahamadou Issoufou; the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Muhammadu Buhari; the Minister of Territorial Administration and Decentralisation of the Republic of Cameroon, René Emmanuel Sadi; the EU Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides; and the Secretary General of the OIC, Iyad Ameen Madani.


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