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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset
    Country: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Nigeria, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Welcome to the September issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED)
    Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published on the ACLED website, and are also available through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS).
    This month’s issue focuses on ADF-NALU attacks in the Democratic Republic of Congo, growing coordination between popular demonstrations in Oromia and Amhara regions in Ethiopia, the prospect of wider protests against the re-election of President Ali Bongo Ondimba in Gabon, Boko Haram and Niger Delta Avenger (NDA) activity in Nigeria, regionally-clustered riots in Zambia and increased mobilisation against ZANU-PF in Zimbabwe.
    Elsewhere on the continent, low-levels of activity were recorded in Egypt and conflict continued to decrease in Sudan. Burundi experienced a slight resurgence in activity as civilian-targeted violence by unidentified armed groups dominated the conflict landscape in August 2016.

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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Nigeria


    • The results of the mid-August Cadre Harmonisé food security assessment in north-eastern Nigeria reveal a considerable deterioration of food security, with more than 4.4 million people estimated to be facing “crisis” and “emergency” levels. At least 65 000 people are experiencing famine-like conditions.

    • Humanitarian access remains limited and situation remains critical in both the newly accessible and still inaccessible areas due to the deepening food security, nutrition crisis and polio and measles outbreak. 13 cases of Acute Watery Diarrhea (AWD) with high fatality rates are reported from Rann/Kalabalage LGA, staff and supply on standby in Borno, however no response has reached there yet due to security and access constraints.

    • In total, 1,878,205 IDPs (IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), Round 11 Aug, 2016) have been displaced by the insurgency with the highest numbers recorded in Borno (69%), Adamawa (7.8%) and Yobe (6.4%) states. Children constitute 54% of the IDP population. Additional 2.2 million people are estimated to be in areas still inaccessible.

    • The HAC is currently being revised to $115m, up from 55.6 million to reflect the latest funding requirements for response in the Northeast Nigeria. UNICEF to date UNICEF has received $28million against to scale up response which will cover the urgent needs of the affected population for 6 months (August 2016- February 2017). The scale up plan focuses on a multi-sector response covering newly liberated areas, Maiduguri Municipality, Jere and Southern Borno and Gujaba and Gulani LGAs of Yobe.

    • One more case of Wild Polio Virus type 1 was identified in Monguno (newly accessible LGA) bringing the total to 3 cases. Preparations for next round of outbreak response is underway post immediate response.

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Yemen

    Key Messages

    Rainfall has remained persistently above average in Sudan, western and northern Ethiopia and western South Sudan since mid-August, leading to a continuation of good cropping and livestock conditions, but also flooding in localized areas.

    In central and southern Ethiopia, southeastern South Sudan, and much of Uganda, rainfall has been below average since mid-August. Seasonal rainfall deficits, particularly in SNNPR and central and eastern Oromia in Ethiopia, are leading to prospects for belowpaverage crop production in some areas.

    Seasonal rainfall is expected to begin decreasing in northern areas of East Africa in the coming weeks, as seasonal rainfall shifts southward. This shift could provide relief in areas already affected by flooding, and reduce the risk of additional flooding.

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    Source: World Food Programme, Logistics Cluster
    Country: South Sudan

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali


    • Pluviométrie : La bonne tendance pluviometrique de la première décade d’aout s’est poursuivie jusqu’en fin de moi avec d’importantes hauteurs de pluie à travers toutes les zones agricoles du pays (figure 1a). Comparé à la moyenne 2006‐2015, le cumul pluviométrique du 1er avril au 30 Août est exédentaire à nettement excédentaire dans le pays excepté dans les cercles de Kayes, Diema, Niono, Ségou, macina, San le nord de celui de Tombouctou et de Goundam où il est normal à excédentaire (figure 1b).

    • Végétation : La biomasse s’est renforcée à la faveur de la bonne pluviometrie du mois à travers tout le pays (figure 2a). Par rapport à la moyenne 2001‐2010, la production de la biomasse végétale est dans l’ensemble normale à exédentaire voire largement excédentaire dans la bande centrale du pays (Nord des régions de Koulikoro, Kayes et de Ségou, la région de Mopti et le Sud des régions de Gao et de Tombouctou). Ailleurs, le niveau de la biomasse est normale à déficitaire (figure 2b).

    • Début de la saison : Le demarrage de la campagne agricole a été dans l’ensemble normal voire précoce d’une à deux décades excepté par endroits à Sikasso et Kayes où son installation a connu un retard d’environ une à deux semaines par rapport à une année médiane (figure 4b).

    • Besoins des plantes en eau : Selon l’indice de satisfaction des besoins des plantes en eau le niveau d’humidité résiduelle du sol à la 3ème décade d’Août est globalement satisfaisant dans le pays excepté au sud des régions de Gao et de Tombouctou, le nord du cercle de Kayes, le sud de ceux d’Ansongo, de Gourma Rharous, de Niafunké, Diré où il n’est pas satisfaisant (Figure 4a). Comparé à une année médiane, le niveau d’humidité résiduelle du sol est normal à excédentaire dans l’ensemble avec toutefois des deficits localisés de 10 à 30% par endroits à travers le pays (figure 4b).

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    Source: Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali


    La campagne agricole 2016/2017 a été caractérisée par une installation rapide des pluies dans le cercle. Le mois de juillet, la pluviométrie a été moyenne et assez bien au cours de la 1ere décade et au début de la 2eme décade mais la 3eme décade à connu un arrêt des précipitations dans tout le cercle. Cependant, les quantités enregistrées ont été très mal reparties dans le temps et dans l’espace. Il faut noter que ceux-là à entrainer une sécheresse au cours d’une courte période qui a occasionné la pullulation des chenilles défoliatrices dans certaines communes du cercle.

    Sur le plan phytosanitaire la situation est restée relativement calme mais cependant quelque peu agitée en certains endroits. Cette situation au courant du mois de juillet a été caractérisée par quelques cas d’attaques des chenilles à travers certaines communes au niveau du cercle.

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: South Sudan, Sudan


    • On 23 August, the Sudanese authorities confirmed that South Sudanese arrivals in Sudan would be considered as refugees. This was confirmed by the State Minister of Health.

    • As of 31 August, some 101,495 South Sudanese refugees, mainly women and children, have crossed into White Nile State and settled throughout the eight existing sites as well as being dispersed in surrounding communities. This represents 41% of the current South Sudanese population that entered from South Sudan following the outbreak of violence there in December 2013.

    • The total number of South Sudanese in Sudan has exceeded 247,000. Fluctuating figures in some refugee hosting locations is due to the internal movement of refugees within Sudan, particularly in East Darfur and the Kordofan states where refugees have been seeking seasonal labor.

    • In Khartoum, on 18-19 August, over 6,000 South Sudanese were moved by the local authorities from three open areas in Jabrona sites, located in Ombeda locality (Omdurman). They were relocated to a new site in Nivasha, 15km from the Jabrona. UNHCR, which was not consulted, has expressed concern over this new development. UNHCR is monitoring closely the situation.

    • UNHCR has been engaged in a dialogue with the Federal Civil Registry to promote the issuance of birth certificates for South Sudanese children born in Sudan. Authorities in White Nile State and South Kordofan State have indicated their readiness to issues certificates, which UNHCR welcomes. The agency is currently following up with the authorities at the state level.

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    Source: AlertNet
    Country: Iraq, Nigeria, Syrian Arab Republic, World

    Militant groups from Boko Haram to Islamic State target women in their attacks on human rights, the head of the United Nations' women's advocacy agency says.

    By Anastasia Moloney

    SALVADOR, BRAZIL, Sept 9 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Armed extremist and fundamentalist groups worldwide are increasingly eroding women's rights and undermining gains made in gender equality in recent years, the head of U.N. Women said on Friday.

    Read the story on the Thomson Reuters Foundation

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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Mali

    • Insecurity is rising in Northern Mali and expanding to Central Mali. This is partly related to an increase in criminal activities. As regards conflict-related incidents, peaks have been recorded notably in Kidal, with about 25% of all conflict-related incidents in the country.
    • In Mopti, Central Mali, actions attributed to Armed Opposition Groups (AOG) have recently been increasing, targeting primarily Malian security forces. This situation is further aggravated by inter-community clashes.
    • Overall, an estimated 1.5 million conflict-affected people depend on humanitarian assistance in Northern Mali as insecurity has prevented the re-establishment of basic services by authorities.

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Nigeria

    • The Nigerian Naira (NGN) has depreciated by more than 40 percent since mid- 2016, a trend that persisted in July (Figure 1). This followed the Central Bank’s decision to allow the exchange rate to float in June. Since June, the Interbank exchange rate (Oanda) has approached the parallel (Bureau de Change) rate (Figure 1). Both were over 300 NGN/USD in July. The national inflation rate increased to 7.1 percent in July. Gasoline prices were stable after varying earlier in the year.

    • Nigeria has very a large import bill. This includes rice, typically sourced from international markets, and livestock, sourced from within the region. The depreciation of Naira has increased the cost of imported products, reducing household and trader purchasing power and triggering substitution toward local products, especially for cereals, and substantially increasing those prices as well.

    • The depreciation of the NGN has affected relative regional price trends since 2015. This has resulted in increased Nigerian cereal exports to regional markets, predominantly using CFA francs (XOF) currency, and reduced Nigerian livestock imports, thus negatively affecting prices for pastoralists.

    • Markets remain heavily disrupted in Northeast Nigeria in the Lake Chad region due to the effects of the Boko Haram related conflict. Significant portions of Borno and Yobe States are inaccessible due to military operations and presence of insurgents, limiting humanitarian activity. There has been none or limited market activity in many areas of Northern and Central Borno and Southern Yobe since early 2015 when FEWS NET began monitoring market functioning in those areas.

    • Cereal production in Nigeria and the broader region was above average during the 2015/16 marketing year; below average production was recorded in the Northeast and many of the worst-affected areas in Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa have had no production for three consecutive years. Institutional purchases for humanitarian response efforts within Nigeria (but outside of the Northeast) and the region have had no negative impacts on markets. As of July 2016, both public and private stocks could be mobilized to support response efforts to accessible areas of the Northeast.

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 9/11/2016 - 18:01 GMT

    by Aminu ABUBAKAR

    Boko Haram was on Sunday blamed for an attack on motorists in northeast Nigeria which left one person dead and underlined the Islamist group's continuing security threat to civilians.

    Gunmen on Saturday opened fire on a convoy of vehicles travelling to the Borno state capital, Maiduguri, from the garrison town of Monguno, 140 kilometres (about 85 miles) to the northeast.

    "They shot dead a driver and injured two women and a child travelling with him," said bus driver Kabir Hassan, who arrived at the scene shortly after the attack.

    The victims were heading to Maiduguri to celebrate the Muslim festival of Eid al-Adha on Monday and the vehicles included traders in a pick-up truck packed with rams for the annual ritual sacrifice.

    The traders abandoned their animals when the shooting started and the rams were seized by the rebels, said driver Abba Gana, who gave a similar toll of death and injuries.

    A car abandoned by fleeing travellers was torched in the attack and the wounded taken to a hospital in Maiduguri for treatment, Hassan and Gana said.

    • Military escorts -

    The scene of the attack -- Kulukawuya village, 50 kilometres from Maiduguri -- is on a strategic trade route linking the city to Gamboru on the border with Cameroon.

    In the past two years Boko Haram has carried out near daily deadly attacks on motorists on the highway, making the road unsafe for travellers and forcing the military to later close the road.

    But it was declared open again in July and hailed as an indication of military success in pushing the insurgents into the semi-desert wilderness of the Borno countryside.

    Nevertheless, passenger vehicles and trucks laden with goods still typically drive with a military escort in case of sporadic attacks.

    • Regional ops -

    Nigeria and a regional military coalition involving its neighbours Cameroon, Chad and Niger has put pressure on the Islamic State group affiliate, whose insurgency has killed at least 20,000 since 2009.

    Supply lines for fuel, food and weapons have been cut, forcing remaining fighters to launch attacks on unaccompanied vehicles on the road and remote villages from their hideouts in the bush.

    Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF) spokesman Colonel Muhammad Dole said in a statement on Saturday that recent air strikes had hit 12 known Boko Haram camps, which had "greatly shattered their cohesion".

    There was no independent verification of the claim but Dole said blockade of supply routes and arrests of suspected Boko Haram quartermasters had caused the group "serious hardships".

    Four Boko Haram fighters suspected of having attacked an internally displaced persons (IDP) camp in the Diffa area of eastern Niger were killed and two others arrested, he added.

    But two soldiers were killed and six others wounded in a "clearing operation" after air strikes at Baroua village. The injured were taken to Niger's capital, Niamey, for treatment, he said.


    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | dimanche 11/09/2016 - 15:45 GMT

    Au moins deux civils ont été tués et plusieurs autres blessés samedi soir dans une attaque d'hommes armés non identifiés contre un camp onusien de réfugiés maliens près de la ville nigérienne d'Ayorou (ouest), proche du Mali, a appris dimanche l'AFP de sources concordantes.

    "Il y a eu deux morts et des blessés parmi les réfugiés dans cette attaque survenu hier (samedi) soir", a indiqué à l'AFP sous couvert d'anonymat une source humanitaire, dont l'ONG internationale intervient sur le site attaqué.

    L'attaque a visé le camp onusien de Tabareybarey, situé à une dizaine de kilomètres de la ville d'Ayorou, non loin de la frontière malienne. Ce camp abrite depuis 2012 environ 10.000 réfugiés maliens, selon cette même source.

    Le maire d'Ayorou, Zakaria Oumarou, a confirmé l'attaque du camp, qui "a eu lieu après 23H00 (22H00 GMT)", mais sans fournir de bilan, ni de précisions sur les circonstances.

    "Les tirs venaient de loin du côté du Mali: c'est une sorte de pilonnage du camp", a expliqué de son côté la source humanitaire.

    En octobre 2014, un autre camp de réfugiés onusien abritant 6.000 Maliens à Mangaize, proche du Mali, avait été attaqué par des hommes lourdement armés, qui avaient tué neuf membres des forces de sécurité, selon les autorités nigériennes.

    Deux réfugiés avaient également été blessés par des "balles perdues" dans l'attaque de Mangaize, avait rapporté le Haut Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés (HCR).

    Malgré des frontières considérées comme poreuses, le Niger constitue un îlot de stabilité dans une zone en proie aux troubles. Autour de ce pays, Mali, Libye et Nigeria sont tous confrontés à des groupes armés jihadistes.

    Le nord du Mali est en effet tombé en mars-avril 2012 sous la coupe de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda. Ces groupes en ont été en grande partie chassés à la suite du lancement en 2013, à l'initiative de la France, d'une intervention militaire internationale, qui se poursuit actuellement.

    Mais des zones entières échappent encore au contrôle des forces maliennes et étrangères, malgré la signature en mai-juin 2015 d'un accord de paix censé isoler définitivement les jihadistes. Longtemps concentrées dans le Nord, les attaques jihadistes se sont étendues à partir de 2015 vers le centre, puis le sud du pays.


    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | Sunday 9/11/2016 - 18:15 GMT

    At least two civilians have been killed and several wounded in an attack by unidentified assailants on a UN refugee camp in Niger near the Malian border, sources told AFP Sunday.

    "Two died and several refugees were injured in the attack last night (Saturday)," a source with a humanitarian aid group said after the assault at the Tabareybarey camp housing some 10,000 Malian refugees near the town of Ayorou in western Niger.

    Ayorou mayor Zakaria Oumarou also confirmed there had been an attack in late Saturday, but did not confirm the toll or give other details.

    A similar attack two years ago on the Mangaize camp, home to 6,000 Malians, saw heavily armed men kill nine members of Niger's police and national security guard, according to authorities.

    Hundreds of thousands of Malians have been displaced or fled their homeland for neighbouring countries since the north fell under the control of jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaeda in early 2012.

    The UN refugee agency says more than 50,000 have sought refuge in Niger.

    Despite a peace accord last year and a 2013 international military intervention, large tracts of Mali are still not controlled by domestic or foreign troops and remain subject to attacks by jihadist groups.


    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Aperçu général

    Des accords pour la Paix ont été signés en Juin 2015, entre le Gouvernement du Mali et les groupes armés du nord Mali. Jusqu’à présent, la signature desdits accords n’avais pas notablement influencé le mouvement de rapatriement des réfugiés Maliens vivant au Niger. Depuis début mai 2016, l’on note un engouement relativement important pour le rapatriement et les réfugiés invoquent à 77% comme raison de retour, la paix retrouvée au Mali. Toutefois, le Gouvernement du Niger et l’UNHCR considèrent que la situation actuelle n'est pas encore propice à la promotion du retour des réfugiés dans la sécurité et la dignité. Le Gouvernement du Niger et l'UNHCR continuent à partager avec les réfugiés, les informations en leur possession, concernant la situation au nord Mali, pour permettre aux réfugiés de prendre des décisions informées.

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    Source: Al Jazeera
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Despite recent gains against the Boko Haram in Nigeria, many of those who fled the group are still struggling.

    Thousands of Nigerian refugees in neighbouring countries such as Niger have been struggling for resources since fleeing attacks by the Boko Haram group.

    The Nigerian army has taken back the rebel group's last remaining strongholds in the northeastern Borno State and, while the United Nations reports that people have started returning to their devastated towns and villages, thousands remain in neighbouring countries, including Niger, Chad and Cameroon.

    Read the full article here

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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Food Security Cluster
    Country: Niger, Nigeria


    A Rapid Cadre Harmonise Assessment was conducted in August 2016 to ascertain the level of food insecurity in Borno Yobe and Adamawa states during the lean season from July to September 2016. This analysis was meant to update the March 2016 Cadre Harmonise projected classifications for August and September 2016. In the analysis that was carried out in March 2016, it was projected that between the period June to August 2016, 3,024,239 persons would be in phase 3 to 5. In the recently conducted analysis that covers August and September 2016, 4.45million persons are in phase 3-5. This shows that the number of people in need of food assistance is increasing in the North East.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria


    Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and fl oods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households a nd communities into chronic vulnerability.

    Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR has displaced refugees to Cameroon, and caused internal displacements. In add ition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along t he border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.

    Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean wat er remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria


    Les catastrophes naturelles récurrentes (sècheresse s, inondations), combinées avec la volatilité des marchés, ont pouss é les ménages et communautés vers une vulnérabilité chronique.

    Le conflit au nord du Nigeria et en RCA continuent à déplacer les réfugiés vers le Cameroun et causent des déplacements intern es. De plus, l'insécurité grandissante dans l'extrême nord et à la frontière de la RCA entravent l'accès humanitaire.

    Faible couverture en assainissement et en accès à l’eau potable reste les principales causes de malnutrition et des maladies hydriques.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon

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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project, Start Network
    Country: Nigeria

    1. Key points

    • According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors have committed/contributed US$185.2 million of humanitarian assistance since the start of 2016.

    • The United States (US) is the largest donor to Nigeria, contributing 35% of total funding so far in 2016 (US$64.3 million). The three largest donors account for 68% of reported funding in 2016.

    • The 2016 UN-coordinated Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Nigeria requests US$279.3 million, of which US$92.9 million has been contributed so far, leaving two thirds of appeal requirements unmet.

    • The UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated US$23.5 million to emergencies in the country in 2016 – all funded through the rapid response window.

    2. Recent humanitarian funding to Nigeria

    A total of US$185.2 million in international humanitarian assistance to Nigeria has been reported to the FTS as committed/contributed so far in 2016.

    The US is the largest donor and accounts for almost a third of total reported funding in 2016 (35%; US$64.3 million). It is followed by the European Union (EU; comprising the EU Commission and the European Commission’s Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection department) and the CERF, committing/contributing US$37.6 million and US$24.2 million, respectively. Funding from these largest three donors has accounted for 68% of total reported funding in 2016 so far.

    The Start Fund is the 18th largest donor (out of 27 named donors) with US$150,000 of humanitarian assistance committed/contributed to Nigeria so far in 2016.

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