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- 08/09/16--12:29: _Chad: OCHA Tchad Li...
- 08/09/16--13:56: _Nigeria: North East...
- 08/09/16--14:04: _Niger: Niger - Diff...
- 08/09/16--14:43: _Nigeria: 90-day Eme...
- 08/09/16--20:51: _Chad: Japan support...
- 08/09/16--21:28: _Chad: Tchad : HRP 2...
- 08/09/16--23:35: _Nigeria: UNHCR Fund...
- 08/10/16--00:08: _Chad: WFP Chad Coun...
- 08/10/16--01:41: _World: IOM Contribu...
- 08/10/16--04:42: _Nigeria: Nigeria: C...
- 08/10/16--05:34: _World: Annual Repor...
- 08/10/16--07:33: _South Sudan: UNICEF...
- 08/10/16--09:15: _Mali: Mali: Evoluti...
- 08/10/16--09:46: _Mali: Mali: Evoluti...
- 08/10/16--09:50: _Cameroon: Bulletin ...
- 08/10/16--10:41: _Chad: Tchad Bulleti...
- 08/10/16--11:41: _Cameroon: Cameroun ...
- 08/10/16--11:45: _Mali: UNHCR - Mali ...
- 08/10/16--13:44: _Mali: UNOWAS E-Maga...
- 08/10/16--13:52: _Mali: UNOWAS E-Maga...
- 08/09/16--12:29: Chad: OCHA Tchad Liste des Contacts Humanitaires (au 9 août 2016)
- 08/09/16--21:28: Chad: Tchad : HRP 2016 Suivi des financements au 5 août 2016
- 08/10/16--00:08: Chad: WFP Chad Country Brief | June 2016
WFP provided food assistance to 5,300 newly arrived refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR) who sought refuge in Southern Chad, in Mbitoye following a renewed outbreak of violence mid-June.
WFP Chad appealed to partners to urgently address critical funding needs for food assistance to 65,000 CAR refugees and 80,000 returnees in the South of Chad. If funding is not received promptly, WFP will be forced to drastically reduce ongoing assistance programmes in July.
After feasibility studies in the Lake Region, WFP trained stakeholders and sensitized local communities in preparation of the introduction of cash-based food assistance in July.
WFP has rounded up preparation for the food and nutrition assistance during the lean season, targeting 410,000 food insecure people in 8 regions of the Sahel belt.
- 08/10/16--04:42: Nigeria: Nigeria: Crisis Info on Borno emergency - August 2016
- 08/10/16--05:34: World: Annual Report 2015
Cholera response continues. 901 households, covering 5,564 people reached with cholera prevention messages in Nyankuron, Munuki, Mahad, Lologo, Kor William, Kator, Gurei and Gumbo.
In UN House POC 1 and 3, 1,164 latrines in have been cleaned and disinfected to help prevent the spread of cholera.
4,345 girls and boys have now participated in psychosocial support activities in the POCs and urban Juba.
- 08/10/16--09:46: Mali: Mali: Evolution of Population Movement (as of 31 July 2016)
- 08/10/16--10:41: Chad: Tchad Bulletin Humanitaire N° 04 | juillet 2016
A mi-parcours, moins de 20% du plan de réponse humanitaire 2016 est financé. Ceci a de fortes conséquences sur les populations affectées par les crises au Tchad.
Raréfaction de pâturage et d’eau, amaigrissement et perte d’animaux, la mauvaise répartition des pluies de la dernière campagne a eu des effets néfastes sur la sécurité alimentaire des éleveurs transhumants.
Le nombre de personnes ciblées pour les transferts monétaires est en augmentation rapide depuis 2007 au niveau mondial et au Tchad
- 08/10/16--11:41: Cameroon: Cameroun : Minawao - Profil du camp au 31 juillet 2016
- 08/10/16--11:45: Mali: UNHCR - Mali 2016 Funding Update as of 9 August 2016
- 08/10/16--13:44: Mali: UNOWAS E-Magazine Issue 1
- 08/10/16--13:52: Mali: UNOWAS E-Magazine numero 1
A response plan for the four Lake Chad Basin countries (Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria and Chad) has been developed by the humanitarian community to prioritize assistance to vulnerable populations until the end of September.
In Chad, in the next 90 days, more than 250,000 persons affected by the crisis in the Lac region are in need of emergency assistance. A multi-sectoral response is essential to prevent the exacerbation of existing vulnerabilities by the rainy season, the lean season, and ongoing military operations, in a context of poor general access to essential social services.
At this difficult time of the year, the humanitarian community needs your immediate support to respond to priority needs and save lives.
N’DJAMENA – The United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) today welcomed a contribution of US$ 1.9 million (1.156 billion CFA) from the Government of Japan to food and nutrition assistance programmes in Chad for more than 110,000 Sudanese refugees.
The Republic of Chad is hosting a total of 388,000 refugees, mainly from Sudan and the Central African Republic – many of whom have been living in Chad for over a decade. With Japan’s support, WFP will be able to continue providing food assistance to more than 110,000 Sudanese refugees. In addition, 22,000 children affected by moderate acute malnutrition among refugee and host communities, will receive specialized nutritional support in health centres.
“Our thanks go to the Government and the people of Japan for their generous support. Sudanese refugees living in camps in Chad are vulnerable and require the support of the international community,” said Mary-Ellen McGroarty, WFP Country Director in Chad.
“This contribution comes at a critical time, as we are faced with serious funding shortages in the coming months for our refugee food and nutrition programmes. Refugees remain dependent on assistance to meet their basic needs. This support is essential while longer-term solutions are put in place to help refugees become self-reliant.”
WFP’s assistance to refugees is provided in close partnership with the Government of Chad and the UN High Commissioner for Refugees. Chad is one of the pilot countries for the agencies’ joint programme on providing refugees with durable solutions. WFP and UNHCR are combining to provide basic food and nutrition assistance as well as develop livelihood solutions to empower refugees to become self-reliant.
WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food in emergencies and working with communities to build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.
Follow us on Twitter: @WFP_WAfrica; @wfp_media
For more information please contact:
Nathalie Magnien, WFP/Tchad, Mob. +235 66 99 30
94.9 M required for 2016
20.9 M contributions received, representing 22% of requirements
74.0 M funding gap for the Nigeria Situation
WFP has launched the lean season (June-September) assistance in the Sahel as well as blanket supplementary feeding to prevent the deterioration of the nutritional status of children under two, pregnant and nursing mothers. WFP has prioritized areas with the highest needs for food assistance targeting 410,000 vulnerable people (80% with in-kind and 20% with cash-based assistance) as well as 84,000 children and 34,000 women for nutritional support.
Following renewed violence, 5,570 new refugees fleeing from C.A.R. settled in the town of Mbitoye and surrounding villages (as of 30th June). WFP met their immediate food needs but stocks have run out and WFP is lacking resources to assist those refugees as well as 65,000 longer-term refugees. Unless this funding gap is addressed promptly, refugees will not receive assistance in July.
In July, WFP plans to introduce food assistance for displaced people through cash based transfers in some sites around Bol where markets are functioning and will be able to meet additional demand. This approach will allow displaced people to get various food supplies from local traders. Preparations ahead of this distribution are underway.
WFP is preparing the roll-out of SCOPE, a system for biometric registration of beneficiaries.
The number and scale of crises are forcing record numbers of people to flee their homes seeking relative safety within or across international borders. However, the growing complexity and unpredictability of these crises is resulting in increasingly protracted displacement situations which challenge the versatility of the three traditional durable solutions – voluntary return and sustainable reintegration, sustainable settlement elsewhere and sustainable local integration. More inclusive approaches that recognize the needs and rights of all those affected by crises and development and recognition of existing, and exploration of new, mobility strategies may offer new avenues towards the progressive resolution of displacement situations.
Compendiums are central to IOM’s own processes of collecting and learning from good practices globally. Externally, they demonstrate IOM’s experience on a given topic. This compendium is primarily designed to support IOM staff, aiming to facilitate exchange of good practices and promote innovative, high-quality programming while cognisant of the need to assess feasibility and adaptability to local contexts. This compendium is based on IOM’s extensive achievements in the field: some 550 projects in 35 countries implemented between January 2010 and December 2014, which contributed towards building resilience and progressively resolving displacement situations.
The Global Review section of this publication provides an analysis of global trends based on contributions from IOM offices, contributing to a better understanding of types of migration crises and the populations affected by crises and displacement. Using available information, a mobility perspective is applied to each of the eight criteria outlined in the Inter-Agency Standing Committee Framework on Durable Solutions for Internally Displaced Persons. Good practices shared by IOM offices are summarized.
The Country Pages section provides an overview of key migration crises occurring in 35 countries between 2010 and 2014. IOM’s efforts to contribute to the progressive resolution of those displacement situations – including the identification of key partnerships and critical enablers and disablers, a good practice and IOM’s future objectives – are outlined.
The process of developing this compendium has directly contributed to the development of a new IOM framework – the Progressive Resolution of Displacement Situations (PRDS) Framework – which aims to guide IOM and inform its partners to frame and navigate the complexity of forced migration dynamics and support efforts to progressively resolve displacement situations. The PRDS Framework promotes an inclusive, resilience-based approach and embraces mobility strategies that support progression towards resolving displacement while ensuring safety nets are in place to avoid potentially harmful mobility strategies.
This compendium is part of an evolving process to contribute to a growing knowledge base and to learn from experience and good practices of how resilience and mobility can be better integrated across IOM’s response to migration crises.
The conflict in Borno State started in 2009 when Boko Haram launched attacks in Bauchi, Borno, Yobe and Kano. By 2014, Boko Haram controlled large swathes of territory in Borno State.
In 2015, Nigeria elected a new President who vowed to take back control of territory from Boko Haram and also stamp out corruption in the country. Since then the Nigerian army has been engaged in fighting with Boko Haram, including by launching airstrikes that began in 2016, in areas under Boko Haram control. The army has now taken back many cities and villages and is securing them.
The nature of the conflict between the Nigerian army and Boko Haram has changed to include military assistance from the neighbouring countries of Chad, Cameroon and Niger.
Boko Haram has carried out and continues to carry out attacks, suicide bombings and incursions in Borno State and also in neighbouring countries. As a result of the conflict, 2.7 million people are displaced across the four countries (Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger) according to Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA).
MSF has been present in Maiduguri on a permanent basis since April 2014 working on paediatric and maternal health and nutrition and, on several occasions, cholera epidemics that were previously under control. Today, more than 1.2 million internally displaced people (IDP) are living in Maiduguri, most of them within the host community and others in camps (two informal camps and 13 official camps).
In Maimusari and Bolori health centres, we run outpatient departments (around 500 consultations per day in each location), ambulatory therapeutic feeding centres (ATFCs; 270 new admissions per week between the two sites) and maternity services (simple deliveries and antenatal and postnatal care consultations). In Maimusari, the government has handed over a new building to MSF, which has allowed us to move from a basic health care centre to a comprehensive health care facility, including hospitalisation. MSF has opened an inpatient department with 50 beds for paediatrics and a paediatric intensive care unit, and will add 20 beds for adults.
In Gwange, a Maiduguri district, we now have an inpatient therapeutic feeding centre (ITFC) with a 110 bed capacity. Activity has consistently increased at the centre, reaching 92 admissions per week. The ITFC is under tents, in the compound of the MOH-run health centre, and should move to semi-permanent structures in the coming weeks to improve hygiene and quality of care. We plan to increase the capacity to 150-200 beds and identify another location to settle a second ITFC of a similar size to meet the increasing needs.
Between 13 and 15 June, Nigerian authorities and a local NGO organised the evacuation of 1,192 people requiring medical care from the Bama area to Maiduguri. This group of mostly women and children was placed in the “Nursing Village” IDP camp.
A team visited Bama with a military escort for the first time on 21 June and found people in a catastrophic situation. Out of the 800 children screened, 19 per cent were suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Estimated mortality at that time was very high. Medical data from the health centre reported 188 deaths between 23 May and 21 June, mainly from diarrhoea and malnutrition. Graves counted in the cemetery behind the camp showed more than 1,200 graves dug since the IDPs had been gathered in the hospital compound. Five children died during the assessment alone.
MSF returned to Bama in mid-July with a military escort. Bama is a ghost town, held by the army, where IDPs live in a camp inside the hospital compound. Despite authorities’ evacuation of 1,500 people and some food distribution, estimated malnutrition rates remain high, with severe acute malnutrition estimated at 15 per cent. An estimated 10,000 to 12,000 IDPs are living in very bad living conditions – shelters made of rusty corrugated iron sheeting – and are not allowed to move from the camp. There are almost no men or boys older than 12 in the camp.
A team arrived on 19 July to provide medical and nutritional support via ATFC and medical consultations, and also made water and sanitation improvements. A system for referrals to Maiduguri was organised with State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) ambulances and school buses.
In Damboa, southern Borno, the population is estimated to be between 50,000 and 60,000 people, many of whom are displaced from the surrounding area, now living in the town and three camps in the area. An MSF team has been on the ground treating patients in Damboa since 17 July and now has two clinics providing primarily health care and nutrition services. The majority of patients seen have presented with malnutrition and malaria, as well as diarrhoea and skin infections due to lack of hygiene. Malnutrition rates are particularly high, with an average of 10 to 12 per cent of children suffering from severe acute malnutrition. Since the start of the intervention, more than 4,000 patients have been treated, including 250 children for severe acute malnutrition.
MSF is currently running several ATFCs in Beni Shiekh, the capital town of Kaga local government area (LGA). Malnourished children who need to be hospitalised are referred to the ITFC in Damaturu hospital (in the capital of Yobe State, located 62 kilometres west of Beni Shiekh), where MSF is also running a nutrition program.
From 19 to 22 July, an MSF team from Cameroon provided emergency medical assistance and delivered food in Banki, near the Cameroon border. Most of Banki’s estimated 15,000- to 20,000-person population are displaced people.
The situation in Banki is critical, with people restricted to the town for security reasons. There is a critical lack of healthcare, as well as food and water; no food stocks were present in the houses visited by MSF teams. Fourteen per cent of children screened by our teams are suffering from severe acute malnutrition, putting their lives at risk. Nearly one in three children is malnourished. A rapid survey found extremely high mortality rates, with a crude mortality rate (CMR) of 4.16 per 10,000 per day during the last six months, and a mortality rate (MR) of 6.2 per 10,000 per day for children under five years of age.
MSF provided therapeutic food to 4,948 children and vaccinated them against measles. A total of 3,600 families received emergency food aid and our teams were able to refer six people in critical medical condition to the hospital in Mora, Cameroon. We also conducted medical consultations and distributed soap and mosquito nets.
Every child has the right to a fair chance in life. Leaving no child behind is both a moral imperative and a strategic priority for the development of inclusive, sustainable and stable societies everywhere. In 2015, UNICEF worked with partners around the world to make that fair chance a reality.
The year provided a renewed opportunity to build on past achievements with an eye towards reaching all children and narrowing persistent gaps in equity – specifically, gaps affecting children left behind despite overall progress made under the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) from 2000 through 2015.
The new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), approved by 193 Member States of the United Nations in 2015, incorporate objectives that are specific to the health and well-being of children – including adolescents. The goals include targets for early childhood development, universal access to education, and protection of girls and boys from violence, abuse and exploitation. There are also targets related to ending harmful practices against children and promoting their legal identify through birth registration.
Together with an alliance of child-focused agencies, the Special Representative of the SecretaryGeneral on Violence against Children, other United Nations agencies and Member States, UNICEF advocated intensively for the child protection targets, which previously had not been integrated into the global development agenda.
The new global goals recognize the critical importance of promoting equity in access to child and maternal health care, proper nutrition, safe drinking water, birth registration, quality education and other essentials. By adopting the goals, the world’s governments committed to a pledge “that no one will be left behind … and we will endeavour to reach the furthest behind first.” This approach mirrors UNICEF’s perspective that sustainable development is achievable only if progress accelerates for the poorest and most marginalized children and families.
In pursuit of a more equitable world, UNICEF stepped up our response to both entrenched and new challenges in 2015.
The mass influx of migrants and refugees into Europe, in particular, underscored the need to respond quickly to the shifting circumstances of children in all contexts, including countries of origin, transit and destination – and to protect their best interests at every stage. In this case, the crisis has reached the ‘backyard’ of high-income countries.
At the same time, UNICEF sought new ways to meet children’s basic needs – for health, nutrition, water and sanitation, education and protection – in the most difficult circumstances and remote locations. That meant piloting new solutions at the country level and launching a Global Innovation Centre and Innovation Fund to nurture and scale up creative means of improving young lives and reaching the unreached.
On the humanitarian front, UNICEF and partners responded to major crises in Iraq, South Sudan, the Syrian Arab Republic and Yemen; health emergencies in Latin America and West Africa; earthquake devastation in Nepal; typhoons in the Pacific; droughts in the Sahel, East Africa and the Americas; and many more. Breaking down the barriers between short-term humanitarian action and longer-term development work, we focused on strengthening systems that provide critical services. In this way, we seek to help communities anticipate shocks and become more resilient when disasters strike.
In 2015, we also advanced our work on breaking down another set of barriers to equity and sustainable development: the ones that prevent girls and young women from realizing their full potential. UNICEF’s Gender Action Plan 2014−2017 provides a framework for targeting gender-driven inequities. Besides mainstreaming gender across all programmes, the plan focuses on improving adolescent health, advancing girls’ secondary education and ending child marriage, as well as addressing gender-based violence in emergencies. UNICEF also helped to raise the profile of gender issues in the final targets selected for the SDGs.
The vast majority of results UNICEF achieved in 2015 would not have happened without the close collaboration of our partners – including governments, civil society, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), foundations, the private sector, other agencies of the United Nations, local communities, and children and young people themselves. Our 34 National Committees, which work with UNICEF on behalf of child rights worldwide, remained key partners as well.
UNICEF relies on the generosity and dedication of our resource partners, who make programmes and results for children possible. Most of the revenue received by UNICEF in 2015 came from governments, but private-sector funds accounted for a growing proportion of the total.
The commitments set forth in the SDGs and other international agreements reached in 2015 inspired new hopes worldwide. With those hopes came an even greater responsibility for UNICEF and our partners to turn commitments on paper into results on the ground for all children. This report highlights our efforts to do just that in a demanding year.
Although the ceasefire in Juba continuesto hold, pockets of insecurity continue to emerge across the country. The situation remains tense, and many internally displaced persons (IDPs) are afraid to return to their homes, preferring to remain in Protection of Civilian (POC) sites in Juba.
The overall number of cumulative cholera cases has now risen to 929, with 22 deaths. The case fatality rate of 2.37% remains above the 1% threshold.
Fighting in Juba and the subsequent increased insecurity has led to many humanitarian organizations to downsize operations, which has affected the capacity to respond to the ongoing humanitarian crisis. Approximately 60 percent of the main partners in the WASH Cluster contingency plan left the country, along with their staff. While some have returned, the WASH Cluster is still spread thin, despite the efforts of other partnersto step in to fill the gap. Approximately 78 percent of the international organizations active in Education in Emergencies evacuated their international staff to Nairobi. However, all national NGOs maintained their operational presence, conducting assessments and supporting UNICEF’s response in the PoCs and other areas affected by fighting in the capital. Approximately 25 percent of the international Child Protection Sub Cluster partners left the country, while national organizations decreased staff presence slightly.
With a number of partners obliged to scale down in the face of insecurity, UNICEF has stepped up to fill gaps left by reduction in partner capacity. As a result, UNICEF has been reaching affected populations through direct implementation in a number of areas, including for example cholera response, child protection, and gender-based violence prevention and response.
Les opérations d’enregistrement et d’évaluation menées par les équipes DTM de la Direction Nationale du Développement Social (DNDS), entre le 26 juillet et le 03 août 2016, attestent une augmentation du nombre de personnes déplacées internes au Mali. De 37 801 PDIs identifiées en juin 2016 (Rapport CMP du 14 juillet 2016), le nombre de personnes déplacées internes dans le pays s’élève désormais à 39 182 individus. Ainsi une augmentation de 1 381 personnes déplacées a été constatée suite à la dégradation de la situation sécuritaire dans la région de Kidal.
Dans ce numéro
La Representante du PNUD satisfaite des progrès:Mme Najat Rochdi, Représentant Résident du PNUD au Cameroun s’est rendue dans les communes de Touloum, Maga et Mouvouldaye dans la région de l’Extrême Nord du 18 au 21 juillet 2016 dans le cadre d’une visite conjointe des projets mis en œuvre avec l’appui du PNUD.
Touloum et maga: l’espoir après l’effroi; Les populations de Touloum et de Maga ont affronté ces dernières années plusieurs catastrophes naturelles. Le PNUD, en appui au Gouvernement, a mis en oeuvre des projets en leur faveur.
Des cultures plus resilientes à mouvouldaye: La commune de Mouvouldaye (Mayo Kani ) dans la région de l’Extrême Nord, fait face à des chocs climatiques, notamment avec des inondations, sécheresse, envahissement de pachydermes, feux de brousses. La mobilisation des GIC locaux permet aux populations de mieux affronter ces difficultés.
Le nouveau visage de Mora: A Mora, le jeudi 21 juillet 2016, ils étaient nombreux, commerçants, autorités traditionnelles, religieuses et administratives locales, venus pour l’inauguration du marché à Bétail.
Les humanitaires à banki: Le Coordonnateur humanitaire du Cameroun et le Coordonnateur Humanitaire a.i du Nigéria étaient à la tête d’une opération humanitaire transfrontalière dont la mission était d’ouvrir un couloir humanitaire pour alimenter les populations de Banki en vivres.
Vie du bureau: Arrivée de nouveaux staff
Conséquences de six mois de sousfinancement de la réponse humanitaire
Un impact néfaste du manque de financement de la réponse humanitaire sur les populations vulnérables
A mi-parcours, moins de 20% du plan de réponse humanitaire 2016 sont financés. Ce sous-financement n’a pas permis la mise en place de toutes les activités d’assistance d’urgence prévues, avec un impact néfaste sur la mortalité, la morbidité et les conditions de vie des populations affectées par les crises au Tchad.
Dans le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire, du fait du sous-financement, les quelques 78 000 retournés tchadiens ciblés au sud n’ont reçu que deux rations mensuelles au cours du premier semestre 2016, et 238 000 réfugiés soudanais dans l’est du Tchad ont reçu des rations qui couvrent seulement 40% de leurs besoins caloriques journaliers. Si le sous-financement continue, 2,7 millions de personnes risquent de basculer d’une situation d’insécurité alimentaire modérée à sévère pendant la période de soudure en cours.
En nutrition, faute de moyens, plus de 120 000 enfants souffrant de malnutrition aigüe ne peuvent pas être pris en charge et risquent de mourir ou de perdre leur potentiel de développement. Dans certaines régions de la bande sahélienne, les intrants nutritionnels feront défaut si rien n’est fait dans les mois à venir pour pouvoir traiter les cas de malnutrition aigüe.
Dans le secteur de la santé, près de 100 000 personnes affectées par les mouvements de population n’ont pas un accès adéquat aux centres de santé ou aux cliniques mobiles, qui ne couvrent pas l’ensemble des lieux de déplacement.
En éducation, 180 000 enfants de 3 à 17 ans affectés par les crises n’ont pas été scolarisés en 2015-2016. Les 130 000 enfants affectés par les crises qui ont la chance d’accéder à l’éducation doivent cependant apprendre dans des conditions défavorables.
Certains doivent traverser jusqu’à 10 km pour trouver l’école la plus proche. Ils doivent partager un enseignant formé avec 174 autres élèves, et se retrouvent en moyenne à 90 élèves par salle de classe. Dans les régions en crise, près de 70% des élèves ciblés terminent l’année 2015-2016 sans avoir de kits scolaires.
Faute de financement pour les activités de protection, au moins 300 survivantes d’abus et violences dans la région du Lac n’ont pas bénéficié d’une prise en charge psychosociale, médicale et juridique, limitant leur capacité à surmonter le traumatisme et faire face aux crises et chocs actuels et futurs. Par ailleurs, 70% des 60 000 personnes affectées par les déplacements et ciblées pour l’obtention de documents d’état civil en 2016 n’ont toujours pas accès aux documents d’identité.
Sans financements pour les projets en eau hygiène et assainissement, 870 000 personnes affectées par les mouvements de population n’ont pas eu accès à l’eau potable en quantité suffisante, et près de 670 000 continuent de déféquer à l’air libre.
Enfin, dans la région du Lac, plus de 18 000 ménages déplacés n’ont pas reçu de bâche et sont sans abris pour se protéger des conditions climatiques difficiles telles que la pluie et le vent. Par ailleurs, plus de 50 000 personnes déplacées n’ont pas reçu d’articles ménagers essentiels à leur survie. Sans cela, elles ne peuvent pas cuisiner, puiser et stocker de l’eau, se protéger du froid et des moustiques, se laver et vivre dans la dignité.
«Together, we can build a better future» West Africa and the Sahel are two important geographical areas in Africa that have the human and economic potential to play a leading role in the development of the continent. However, the two regions remain mired in recurrent problems that hinder their development.
Beyond the challenges of climate change, demographics and lack of development infrastructure, the West Africa and Sahel regions are today confronted with issues as complex as cross-border insecurity, mass migration, multifaceted violence, including violent extremism.
Aware of this reality, the countries of West Africa and the Sahel have taken and continue to take significant actions to overcome these problems and provide decent living conditions to their populations. However, it must be recognized that one country alone cannot solve this kind of challenges. There is a need for a shared vision: solutions will only come through coordinated mobilization of all actors.
It is against this background that the merger of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) and the Office of the Special Envoy of the United Nations for the Sahel (OSES) took place in January, resulting in the establishment of the United Nations Office for West Africa and the Sahel (UNOWAS).
In coordination with the countries of the region, UNOWAS intends to play a key role in contributing effectively to the actions of regional and international stakeholders.
The organization last month in Dakar, in partnership with IPI (International Peace Institute) and the Swiss-government, of a high-level conference on the need to invest in peace and the prevention of violence in West Africa and the Sahel; the recent visit to the G5 Sahel and the support provided during various electoral processes, are testimonies to the will of the United Nations and UNOWAS in particular, to work for peace and prosperity in the two regions.
The task is certainly difficult, but not insurmountable. Together we can build a better future for the people of West Africa and the Sahel.
Mohamed Ibn Chambas
Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of the UN Office for Africa West and the Sahel
«Ensemble, nous construirons un avenir meilleur»
L’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel sont deux espaces géographiques importants dans le continent africain qui possèdent un potentiel humain et économique en mesure de jouer un rôle prépondérant dans le développement de tout le continent. Force est de constater, cependant, que les deux régions restent engluées dans des problèmes récurrents qui freinent, voire handicapent leur développement.
Au-delà des défis du changement climatique, de la démographie et du manque d’infrastructures de développement, les régions de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel sont désormais confrontées aujourd’hui à des problèmes aussi complexes que l’insécurité transfrontalière, le phénomène de la migration de masse, et une violence multiforme, dont l’extrémisme violent.
Saisis par cette réalité, les pays de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Sahel ont fourni et continuent de fournir des efforts considérables pour juguler ces difficultés et mettre en place des conditions de vie dignes à leurs populations. Cependant, nous devons reconnaitre qu’un pays ne peut à lui seul résoudre ce type de défis. Il faut une vision partagée que la solution ne pourra prendre forme qu’à travers une mobilisation coordonnée de tous les acteurs.
C’est dans ce sens que la fusion du Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest (UNOWA) et le Bureau de l’Envoyée spéciale des Nations Unies pour le Sahel (OSES) s’est opérée en donnant naissance, en janvier dernier, au Bureau des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel (UNOWAS).
En coordination avec les pays de la région, UNOWAS entend jouer un rôle déterminant en contribuant efficacement aux efforts des acteurs régionaux et internationaux.
L’organisation le mois dernier à Dakar-en partenariat avec IPI (Institut International pour la Paix) et le gouvernement suisse- d’une conférence de haut niveau sur la nécessité d’investir dans la paix et la prévention de la violence en Afrique de l’ouest et au Sahel ; la tournée récente effectuée dans les pays du G5 Sahel et le soutien apporté durant les divers processus électoraux- pour ne citer que cela-, témoignent de la volonté des Nations Unies et d’UNOWAS en particulier, d’œuvrer pour la consolidation de la paix et la prospérité dans les deux régions.
La tâche est certainement difficile, mais pas insurmontable. C’est ensemble que nous pourrons construire un avenir meilleur pour les populations de l’Afrique de l’Ouest et du Sahel.
Mohamed Ibn Chambas
Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies pour l’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel