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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, US Agency for International Development
    Country: Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, United Republic of Tanzania (the), Zambia, Zimbabwe

     Torrential rains continued for a second week across northern Mozambique, Zambia and Malawi.

     Locally heavy daily rains impacted parts of Kenya.

    1) Moisture deficits remain following a mid-season dry spell that occurred in early November in northern Kenya and southern Somalia and recent drier than average conditions for much of eastern Africa. With a shortened recovery period in the next several weeks for northern Kenya and southern Somalia and an extended period of dryness for southern Kenya and northeastern Tanzania, this could result in a deterioration of pastoral and agro-pastoral conditions.

    2) An extended delayed start to the monsoon season across eastern parts of southern Africa has resulted in a 1-3 dekad delay in seasonal rains across southern Mozambique and Zimbabwe. Consistent rainfall, spatially and temporally, has yet to occur across this region resulting in poor vegetative conditions at the start of the season. With rains expected to be limited and below-average during the next week, continued dryness and increasing seasonal deficits could negatively impact cropping activities.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic (the), Chad, Sudan (the)
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    HIGHLIGHTS

    • According to an initial assessment of the 2012-2013 year, the crop production is about 3.7 million tonnes of grain, with an increase of 124% compared to 2011.

    • A yellow fever epidemic is on-going in Darfur, Sudan. There is still no confirmed case in Chad on 30 November 2012.

    • Moula and Yaroungou refugees camps were transferred to a new camp called Belom.


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    Source: Government of Eritrea
    Country: Eritrea

    Asmara, 26 December 2012 – The Ministry of Land, Water and Environment indicated that potable water supply facilities have been put in place in 26 villages in the year 2012 in collaboration with stakeholders and popular participation, while implementation of 16 others is underway. It further pointed out that the potable water supply facilities comprise reservoirs, distribution stations and pipelines, and that 20 of them utilize solar energy, while the rest 6 are electricity generator-powered.

    The Ministry also lauded the financial and labor input made by the communities in the putting in place of the facilities, and called for regional Administrations to enhance their role in facilitating the implementation of the ongoing projects vis-à-vis follow-up and maintenance of those already functional.

    Reports also indicated that the Ministry would launch 16 potable water projects in 2013.


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    Source: Government of Eritrea
    Country: Eritrea

    Mendefera, 24 December 2012- Big agricultural programs worth over 100 million Nakfa have been implemented in the Southern region in 2012 which include construction of dams, water diversion schemes, leveling of land, as well as afforestation programs and cultivation of green animal fodder, disclosed Mr. Bahta Tedros, head of MOA branch in the region.

    In a report he presented at a the meeting held in Mendefera to assess activities of the Ministry’s branch office, he indicated that with the popular campaign made in leveling land and afforestation programs around 1.7 million tree seedlings have been planted out of which 87% are in good condition.

    Mr. Bahta further indicated that with such initiative which diary farmers took alongside vegetable farmers it was possible to supply the market with 38 million liters of milk and which registered 12% increase compared to that of the previous year. Besides, vegetable and eggs production has shown increase of 16% and 33% respectively.

    Mr. Arefaine Berhe, Minister of Agriculture, commending the exemplary role of the vegetable and diary farmers of the region said that the agricultural output there especially that of selected seeds distributed to farmers during the rainy season have registered encouraging yield.

    He further advised farmers to prepare their land before hand and strengthen participation in efforts to ensure food security.

    Like wise, Mr. Mustafa Nurhusein, Administrator of the region, stressed the importance of conducting thorough assessment on agricultural production and called on all engaged in agricultural activities to reinforce participation for the success of development programs.


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    Source: Government of Ethiopia
    Country: Ethiopia

    Shire Endasillsie December 26/2012 The construction of potable water project is underway in Shire’endasilassie town at a cost of more than 40 million Birr, town water service office said. Office manager, Zenebe Hadush told ENA that the project includes the construction of two sink wells, installation of pipe line and reservoir. Upon the completion of the project until the end of this Ethiopian year, it would enhance the water coverage of the town to 50 from 30 percent at present, he said. The manager said government and NGOs covered the construction cost of the projects. Efforts are underway to satisfy the demand of potable water for the more than 60,000 inhabitants of the town, he said.


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    Source: Government of Ethiopia
    Country: Ethiopia, Japan

    Addis Ababa December 25/2012 Ethiopia and Japan signed Tuesday grant agreement amounting to 5.84 million US dollars to assist poor farmers to increase their productivity. The grant will be used to purchase fertilizer to benefit poor farmers under the Food Security for Under Privileged Farmers- KRII Project. Finance and Economic Development State Minister, Ahmed Shide and Japanese Ambassador to Ethiopia, Hiroyuki Kishino signed the agreement. On the occasion, the State Minister said the grant will benefit under privileged farmers and is expected to have positive impact in the efforts to increase agricultural productivity. He said the agreement demonstrated Japan's commitment to support Ethiopia's efforts to ensure food security in the country. Ambassador Kishino on his part said the assistance aims to help Ethiopia promote food production with the supply of agricultural inputs. He reiterated his country's commitment to continue the financial and technical assistance to Ethiopia in a bid to help smallholder farmers increase agricultural productivity.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali
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    HEADLINES

    • The Islamists from the Movement for Unity and Jihad in West Africa (MUJAO) said on 20 November that they had captured the town of Menaka in clashes with ethnic Tuaregs - known as the National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA).

    • On 19 November the Children’s Rights and Business Principles Initiative was launched in Bamako by UNICEF, Save the Children and The UN Global Compact. This is the first comprehensive set of principles to guide companies in Mali in their efforts to respect and support the Rights of the Child on the workplace, markets and relationships with communities.

    • UNICEF has recruited and trained two third party organizations for field monitoring in the north (in Mopti, Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal). A team of monitors will be in place in each of the regions to report on their findings against a standardized monitoring protocol based on the framework of projects and programmes.

    • UNICEF and UN contingency planning is currently underway to respond to humanitarian needs related to a potential military intervention in the north.

    • UNICEF has supported the Government of Mali to initiate a National Campaign for the protection of children’s rights and the prevention of child recruitment and use of children by all parties to the conflict. The campaign was launched on 20 November.

    • From 15 to 16 November a delegation from the Swedish Embassy and UNICEF in Mali, including UNICEF Representative in Mali Francoise Ackermans and the Ambassador of Sweden H.E. Carin Wall, travelled to Kayes region to visit activities in the areas of child protection and WASH funded by Sweden. The focus of the visit was on Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) and Total Community Led Sanitation (TCLS). Sweden is UNICEF Mali’s main donor for Child Protection and its fourth largest donor overall.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali, Niger (the)
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    Highlights

    1) On 31 October, the Komadougou River burst its banks causing unprecedented flooding in the department of Diffa. As of 6 November, 41 villages have been completely swamped in Chetimari and Gueskerou. Approximately 3,000 people have been displaced and relocated to 4 spontaneous sites. On 8 November UNICEF delivered NFIs for 1,000 households and in collaboration with local authorities and partners carried out an assessment of the water and sanitation situation.

    2) As of 4 November, 312,148 children under-five have been admitted to therapeutic feeding centres for severe acute malnutrition (SAM), while another 393,492 have been receiving treatment for moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). The average admission rate of 1000 new cases of SAM per day is maintained even in this post-harvest period.

    3) As of 9 November, a cumulative total of 5,217 cholera cases and 109 deaths since the beginning of the year with a case fatality rate of 2.09 percent have been reported against 2,381 cases with 57 deaths reported at the same period in 2011. In less than one month, 330 cases have been registered. While the epidemic seems to slow down, UNICEF partners continue activities to contain outbreaks in Tillaberi and Tahoua regions.

    4) The number of officially recorded refugees has reached a total of 65,012 (including 40,307 children) in refugee camps and other sites close to the Malian border. Since 30 October, UNHCR is carrying out its level 2 registrations to provide additional data on refugee profile. Registration of urban refugees ended in Niamey, and on 24 November the process began in the camps. Once completed, figures will be updated.

    5) As part of overall sub-regional preparedness, UNICEF submitted its Mali+3 contingency plan to the Regional Office. This plan aims at enhancing key aspects of emergency preparedness in case of armed intervention in Mali to ensure a timely and adequate response. Among other measures, UNICEF replenished its contingency stock for approximately 100,000 people.

    6) Education activities for approximately 3,000 refugee children are being implemented by UNICEF partners (OXFAM and Plan International) in the camps of Abala, Ayorou and Mangaize.

    7) UNICEF submission to the CAP 2013 amounts to US$33,790,767 and covers the sectors of Nutrition, WASH, Health, Child protection and Education.

    8) From 19 to 24 November, the National Mechanism for the Prevention and Management of Disasters and Food Crises held its first annual meetings to evaluate the preliminary results of the 2012/2013 agro-pastoral campaign and to review lessons learned during the response to the 2011/2012 food crisis.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Nigeria
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    Highlights

    • A total of 17,684 new cases of children with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) have been treated in October in the 414 Community Management of Acute Malnutrition (CMAM) sites in 8 Sahel States - Kebbi, Sokoto, Zamfara, Katsina, Kano, Jigawa, Yobe and Borno

    • The cumulative number of children reached from January to October is at 179,452; of these 166,233 are from Sahelian states and 13,219 from non-Sahel states - Bauchi, Gombe, Adamawa

    • The funding gap for Nutrition Crisis is 60%. The funding shortfall for the sectors beyond nutrition places constraints on UNICEF integrated response (esp. WASH) to scale up plans to reach more vulnerable children.

    • According to the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) the number of IDPs related to floods reduced, between Nov 15th-30th, from 387,153 to 84,679. The UNICEF Representative and emergency M&E person conducted a mission to some of the flood affected States from the11th to the 16th of November to review on-going humanitarian response, especially in sectors where UNICEF is the lead agency or co-leads. The Mission visited 5 states(Delta, Bayelsa, Anambra, Benue & Kogi) states and observed that Camps were at the verge of official closure and the State governments in the process of commencing the “recovery interventions” as the IDPs return to the communities.

    • 84% of Cholera cases until Nov 30th are reported from non-flood affected States (Kaduna, Zamfara and Gombe)


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Chad
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    Highlights

    For 2012, the annual caseload of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) across the Sahel Band was estimated at 127,300 children under five years of age based on August 2011 nutrition survey results. As of October, 126,591 cases of SAM have been admitted for treatment (99.4%) The total number of children treated for SAM in 2012 in Chad is likely to be over 150,000. According to the last nutrition survey with SMART methods, GAM rate is 18.9% in June 2012 across the Sahel belt; UNICEF and the nutrition cluster estimate that 126,000 children will suffer from severe acute malnutrition in 2013 in the Sahel belt of Chad.

    • A slight decrease in admissions for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) between September and October 2012 (11,753 in October versus 14,242 in September). This seems to be a normal trend as we are approaching the end of the hunger gap season.

    • An additional 41 outpatient therapeutic program (OTP) centres were opened between September and October 2012. UNICEF is currently supporting 425 centres in the Sahel belt of which there are 32 inpatient facilities (IPFs) for treatment of SAM with complications and 393 OTPs for outpatient treatment.

    • More than 700,000 people are affected by flooding nationwide, with 70,000 people displaced.

    • A yellow fever outbreak in Sudan's Darfur region has killed 217 people so far. No suspected cases have been reported in Chad yet. A contingency plan has been developed to prevent the spread of the epidemic to Chad.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Gambia (the)

    Highlights

    1. The preliminary findings of the Joint assessment CILSS/FEWSNET, FAO, WFP and Government of The Gambia conducted in October – November 2012, revealed that the overall crop production performance in The Gambia has improved in comparison with 2011. Cereal production, particularly coarse grain, is estimated to increase by 24%- from 159,480 metric tons in 2011 to 209, 800 metric tons in 2012. However, this is 15% less than the 2010 production. Food access remains a challenge for households that were seriously affected by the 2011 crop failure due to high food prices and eroded purchasing power.

    2. The analysis of the national nutrition survey with SMART methods has been completed and the preliminary results show that 1.2% of children 6-59 months are severely malnourished, while Global Acute Malnutrition is estimated at 9.2%. Kantaur, Janjanbureh and Basse Local Government Areas are most affected with global acute malnutrition rates of above 10 %.

    3. Mr David Gressly, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator (RHC) for the Sahel visited The Gambia from 1st - 2nd November. Mr Gressly met with the Vice President, the humanitarian actors and the UNCT on the emergency response and the lessons learned from 2012 and initiated a discussion on resilience for the Gambia for 2013. As a result, The Gambia Resilience Strategy and Action Plan 2013 has been drafted and will be shared in the coming days to contribute to the Sahel strategy.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon
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    Highlights

    • The number of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) due to floods has now gone up to 88,640 (50,824 persons in the North and 37,816 in the Far North region). This is because of the newly flood affected Kousseri town and Blangoua areas along the northern border with Chad.

    • More flooding has increased the number of flood affected schools to 168 (157 in Far-North and 11 in North) impacting 62,344 children. A rapid data collection effort has signalled significant gender disparities in school enrolments.

    • UNICEF has covered the basic needs of 26,912 IDPs through the distribution of Wash Kits or including water treatment products. But intervention to rehabilitate and disinfecting water points and latrines, repair of damaged infrastructures (health centres, schools) in affected areas where water is receding are a priority.

    • Mother and Child’s Health and Nutrition Actions week took place on 27-29 October and second round of polio campaign took place from Nov 9-11. Vitamin A Supplementation amongst children from 6-59 months was reported to have covered 887,170 children in Far North and 494,927 in North. Deworming among 12-59 month old children was reported to have covered 759,788 children in Far North and 436,836 in North. Polio drops covered 1,035,359 children (0-59 months) in Far North and 591,163 in North.

    • Child protection interventions started with three new partners coming on board - RESAEC , ADEPA and DRAS – for psychosocial support flood affected children; setting up child friendly spaces and recreational activities and reissuing birth certificates lost / damaged during floods

    • To address HIV prevention in the displaced camps, about 300 youth were mobilised and sensitized.

    • No funds received this month. Funding gap still stands at 41% as per HAU requirements. A consolidated UNICEF Cameroon Flood Response and Funding Needs proposal for USD 10.8 million is under finalisation.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Mali, Mauritania
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    Highlights

    • The Deputy Executive Directors of UNICEF, UNHCR, and WFP were in Mauritania between the 19 and 22 November for a high level joint mission to meet with Government partners and humanitarian actors engaged in the response to the food and nutrition crisis as well as the refugee influx from Mali. The DEDs Ms. Brandt (UNICEF), Ms. Lim (UNHCR), Mr. Lopes da Silva (WFP) were accompanied by the UN Regional Humanitarian Coordinator Mr. Gressly.

    • Over 9,155 children under-five affected by Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) have been admitted and treated from January to October 2012. This represents 73% of the expected annual caseload of 12,600.

    • Over 4,000 children (6-24 months) have benefited from a blanket feeding campaign in Tagant region in October 2012.

    • 640 hygiene kits donated by UNICEF for mothers have been distributed to 3 Regional Directions of Sanitation and Water (Assaba, Brakna and Tagant) for 640 households.

    • The second round of the polio campaign with integrated vitamin A supplementation and deworming drugs took place from 23 to 26 November organized by the Ministry of Health with support from UNICEF and WHO. The campaign also covered children in the M’berra camp in partnership with UNHCR and among the host community.

    • In M’berra camp, 584 children (including 260 girls) benefited from psychosocial support through child friendly spaces set up in partnership with UNHCR and InterSos.

    • For primary schools in M’berra camp, the new academic year started on the 18th November with 4 school sites following the Malian curriculum. On the 21st November, 1,638 pupils were enrolled, including 797 girls (49%) and 839 boys (51%).


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Senegal
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    Highlights

    • According to official MoH data coming from Matam and Diourbel regions, the number of children admitted for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is currently at 10,343 (by first week of November), compared to 4,950 expected (as per SMART survey 2012).

    • Based on the June 2012 nutritional survey (SMART), UNICEF Senegal estimates a burden of 63,323 under-five children with SAM and 255,675 with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) throughout 2013, with a current likely coverage of 38,968 cases.

    • UNICEF Senegal predicts that it will need 4,000 cartons of RUTF until the end of the year and an additional 8,552 cartons in the first quarter of 2013 (based on estimated coverage for 2012 and 2013). UNICEF currently has a critical gap of approximately 4,400 cartons for the first quarter of 2013.

    • UNICEF’s response to the nutritional crisis in Senegal is currently funded at 46%, with a gap of 3,140,654 USD.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali
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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger (the)
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    Au sommaire
    - Crue du Niger: les relocalisations sont terminées à Seno
    - La Komadougou baisse mais les inondations continuent
    - Tillabéry: les cas de choléra dépassent les cumuls de 2004 et 2011


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic (the), Chad
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    LES TITRES

    • Tchad: la malnutrition persiste malgré les bonnes récoltes (OCHA, 21 déc.)

    • Despite billions spent to address hunger, families in Chad cling to harmful traditions (Washington Post, 23 Dec.)

    • Les rebelles s'affichent en maîtres de la Centrafrique (AFP, 26 déc.)

    • UN pulls staff from C. Africa as rebels close on capital (AFP, 27 Dec.)


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Somalia
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    Moderate to heavy rains resume in the South and parts of the North as the Deyr season comes closer to an end.

    From December 11 to 20, substantial Deyr rainfall was received across most of the South and in parts of the northern regions (Figure 1) with the central regions experiencing localized light showers. Most parts of Middle Shabelle recorded little or no rains though some very light rains appear in the satellite estimates. December 11 to 20 rainfall, when compared to the long term average, confirms that rainfall performance was largely normal to somewhat above-normal in most of the areas that received rains (Figure 2).

    In the North, some parts of Golis and the drought-affected Guban pastoral livelihood zone received moderate rains prompting the return of a significant number of out-migrated livestock to Guban. However, these rains were not detected by the satellite estimates. In addition, parts of the Hawd in Toghdher Region received heavy rains. Pockets in most livelihood zones in Sool Region reported localized, light rains while the Golis mountains in El Afweyn and Garadag Districts in Sanag Region recorded modest rainfall. However, the rains were not sufficient to refill water catchments or improve pasture conditions in most of the Sool Plateau.

    In the Northeast, significant rainfall was received in the Coastal Deeh, East Golis pastoral, and parts of Karkaar Dharoor pastoral livelihood zones in Bari Region. Similarly, localized rain with mixed intensity was reported in the localities of Sool Plateau in Qardho District that had been particularly dry. In Nugal Region, field reports indicate localized, light intensity rains were received in the eastern areas of the Hawd, particularly in Eyl District on December 17 and 18. Rain gauge data from Hasbahale recorded 10 millimeters (mm) of rains with one day of precipitation. Parts of Burtinle and Garowe Districts also received light showers. Opportunistic, but normal livestock migration was reported from western parts of Burtinle District towards adjacent areas of Addun pastoral liveilhood zone.


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