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- 04/12/16--04:55: _Congo: Afrique de l...
- 04/12/16--05:12: _Nigeria: Donors cal...
- 04/12/16--05:34: _Mali: UNHCR Mali Fa...
- 04/12/16--06:11: _Congo: West and Cen...
- 04/12/16--06:17: _Nigeria: Nigeria: T...
- 04/12/16--06:23: _Nigeria: Beyond Chibok
- 04/12/16--09:01: _World: Global Emerg...
- 04/12/16--20:03: _Mauritania: Maurita...
- 04/12/16--20:15: _Mali: Mali: UNHCR O...
- 04/12/16--21:11: _Nigeria: Local radi...
- 04/13/16--10:16: _Burkina Faso: WFP B...
- 04/13/16--11:05: _Nigeria: Bring Back...
- 04/13/16--12:30: _Nigeria: UNHCR Fund...
- 04/13/16--16:47: _Mali: Mali: l'état ...
- 04/13/16--19:01: _Nigeria: Lake Chad ...
- 04/13/16--23:04: _Chad: Insecurity in...
- 04/14/16--02:18: _Nigeria: 2 years on...
- 04/14/16--05:14: _Nigeria: Nigeria: E...
- 04/14/16--09:09: _Chad: Tchad : Table...
- 04/14/16--12:54: _Niger: Diversificat...
- 04/12/16--05:34: Mali: UNHCR Mali Factsheet - March 2016
- 04/12/16--06:23: Nigeria: Beyond Chibok
Between January 2014 and February 2016, Cameroon recorded the highest number of suicide attacks involving children (21), followed by Nigeria (17) and Chad (2).
Over the past two years, nearly 1 in 5 suicide bombers was a child and three quarters of these children were girls. Last year, children were used in 1 out of 2 attacks in Cameroon, 1 out of 8 in Chad, and 1 out of 7 in Nigeria.
Last year, for the first time, ‘suicide’ bombing attacks in general spread beyond Nigeria’s borders. The frequency of all suicide bombings increased from 32 in 2014 to 151 last year. In 2015, 89 of these attacks were carried out in Nigeria, 39 in Cameroon, 16 in Chad and 7 in Niger.
Nearly 1.3 million children have been displaced;
About 1,800 schools are closed – either damaged, looted, burned down or used as shelter by displaced people;
Over 5,000 children were reported unaccompanied/separated from their parents.
- 04/12/16--09:01: World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot, 6-12 April 2016
- 04/12/16--20:03: Mauritania: Mauritania: UNHCR Operational Update as of 11 April 2016
- 838 Voluntary returns to Mali facilitated since January 2016
- 13,999 Malian households in Mbera camp (as of 31 March 2016)
- 5, 434 Malian refugees with specific needs (as of 31 March 2016)
- 30L Of potable water available per person per day in Mbera camp
- 22 Persons per latrine in Mbera camp
- 2016 USD 19M Requested for the operation
- Maintain protection and assistance for all Malian refugees in Mbera camp.
- Strengthen support to refugees’ self-reliance.
- Maintain peaceful coexistence between the refugees and host communities.
In March, UNHCR organized a mapping mission for Mbera camp mapping in partnership with CartONG. This initiative marks the launch of an innovative online Camp Management system which will considerably improve UNHCR and partners’ needs assessment and immediate response capacity. Thanks to this real-time update system, the localization of basic services in need of intervention or shelters to be replaced will be immediately spotted with a simple mobile phone. First results collected are live on maps.unhcr.
In March 2016, UNHCR received a generous contribution of 500,000 EUR from ECHO. This contribution will allow the organization to respond to specific needs of more than 5,000 vulnerable people and improve waste management in Mbera camp.
In March, UNHCR facilitated voluntary return for about 251 Malians, some of whom have lived in Mbera camp since 2012. In total, more than 1,100 individuals have been assisted for voluntary return since December 2015.
- 04/12/16--20:15: Mali: Mali: UNHCR Operational Update 01 - 31 January 2016
- 709 Persons of concern received NFI kits in the regions of Mopti, Gao and Timbuktu.
- 28 Cases of SGBV and child protection were identified and referred to receive assistance.
- 477 Asylum seekers obtained refugee status in Mali.
- USD 49.2 million requested for the operation
- 850 Malian returnee households targeted to received adequate and durable shelter
- 6,000 Malian returnees targeted to receive cash vouchers
- 2,500 Mauritanian refugees and local community members targeted to receive improved access to potable water
- 16,000 Malian returned refugees supported with their civil registration.
UNHCR and FAO jointly delivered production kits composed of livestock and veterinary equipment helping refugee and local communities in Kayes gain access to agricultural production as part of its “Youth at Work: Rural Poverty Reduction” initiative.
UNHCR, through its partner Stop Sahel, delivered NFI kits to 102 households (709 persons of concern) including refugees, returned refugees and vulnerable households to provide them with basic necessities.
- 04/12/16--21:11: Nigeria: Local radio joins the fight against Boko Haram
- 04/13/16--10:16: Burkina Faso: WFP Burkina Faso: Country Brief, March 2016
Funding shortfalls will force WFP to reduce or suspend general food distributions to 32,000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, if new contributions are not received soon.
WFP continues to provide locally-produced yogurt to 2,259 students in 14 primary schools, distributed as a mid-morning snack.
An innovative payment method, mobile cash transfers, will be introduced in a pilot project in the East region through Food Assistance for Assets (FFA) in the first semester of 2016.
WFP continues to work with two new milk processing units to improve quality and production capacity in order to scale-up the milk project in the 2016/2017 school year.
The 2015 SMART nutrition survey shows that the prevalence of undernutrition has increased since 2014. The government is launching a programme to provide free healthcare for children under five and pregnant and breastfeeding women. Combined with increased global acute malnutrition (GAM) prevalence, WFP expects the number of cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) to rise.
- 04/13/16--11:05: Nigeria: Bring Back Our Girls. Bring Back Our Children.
- 04/13/16--19:01: Nigeria: Lake Chad / Boko Haram Crisis - ECHO Daily Map | 13/04/2016
In Nigeria, the security situation in Borno State remains volatile and very unpredictable. The situation within the Maiduguri State capital remained tense for the reporting period. Most incidents are a result of military operations against Boko Haram insurgents in several local government areas.
Despite strengthened security measures along the border between Nigeria and Cameroon, Boko Haram insurgents continue incursions into Cameroonian territory. Several incidents occurred during the reporting period, including attacks and suicide attacks in the Mayo Sava department. In Chad and in Niger, the situation remains unpredictable and volatile despite no major incidents in the reporting period. In Niger, the presidential elections were scheduled on 21 February and on 20 March the second round.
February IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix Report (DTM) identified 2.2 million internally displaced people (IDPs) in Nigeria. The vast majority are located in host communities and only 8 percent resides in official sites. February IOM DTM in the Far North region (Cameroon) includes 169,970 IDPs (including 27,000 displaced since January2016), 8,108 unregistered refugees, and 35,434 returnees.
Results of the March Cadre Harmonisé (CH) food security analysis in the Sahel and West Africa, highlighted that the food and nutritional situation in the Lake Chad basin continues to reflect the impacts of persistent civil insecurity in the region.
Populations living in areas of civil insecurity continue to face a deterioration in their livelihoods. In addition to this is the deterioration of the living conditions of refugee populations, internally displaced especially in inaccessible areas to humanitarian programs and in host areas. The level of food consumption remains of concern for poor and very poor households in the Lake Chad region of Niger, Nigeria, and Chad.
The second CH for North East and North West Nigeria was conducted from 25 February to 01 March in eight states (Adamawa, Borno, Jigawa,
Kano, Katsina, Sokoto, Yobe and Zamfara), results have been shared with all key partners. The CH highlighted that the level of food consumption in three states (Borno, Yobe and Adamawa) illustrated food consumption gaps. Households in conflict areas (Borno, Yobe and Adamawa) have been facing disrupted livelihoods. The nutritional status is critical the states of Borno and Yobe which continue to be classified in crisis (IPC Phase 3).
Scale up in CBT activities is on-going in all four countries of Lake Chad Basin. In Nigeria, WFP has started the implementation of the CBT programme in Maiduguri, Borno State, on 09-10 March. In Niger cash distributions continued in February and March for approximately 30,000 people.
The Regional Director accompanied the Executive Director on her field visit through the Lake Chad Basin region between 07 and 13 March. The visit included Maiduguri in Nigeria, the Lac Region in Chad, and the Far North region of Cameroon. The Executive Director met with staff, partners, donors and governments.
WFP is currently using mobile Vulnerability Analysis and Mapping (mVAM) as a tool to gather more timely food security information in the affected areas. In Nigeria, the second round of mVAM data collection has been finalized in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe States and a first preliminary draft report has been prepared. The third round of mVAM data collection has been concluded and data analysis is ongoing in Cameroon. From March onwards, WFP plans to continue mVAM surveys on a quarterly basis to assess how seasonal events impact on the food security situation of its beneficiaries.
- 04/14/16--05:14: Nigeria: Nigeria: Exploratory Mission Report, February 2016
Providing life-saving assistance (food aid and NFI mainly) to the IDP and local populations affected (those hosting IDPs, and those not) by on-going armed conflict in Maiduguri
Improving accessibility to, as well as functioning of, community-based protection mechanisms and psychosocial support for the most vulnerable HH of the IDP and local populations (both those hosting, and those not) affected by the crisis
- 04/14/16--09:09: Chad: Tchad : Tableau de bord humanitaire (au 12 avril 2016)
ÉLECTIONS PRÉSIDENTIELLES TENUES
Les tchadiens ont voté le 10 avril lors d’un scrutin présidentiel dans lequel le Président sortant Idriss Deby, au pouvoir depuis 1990, brigue un nouveau mandat. Le Président a fait face à 12 adversaires. Le vote s’est passé sans incidents signalés. Le Tchad est confronté à la menace d'attaques par des hommes armés de Boko Haram qui ont effectué des raids dans la capitale N'Djamena et dans la région ouest du Lac.
UN CAMPS DE PDI SECOUÉ PAR UNE EXPLOSION DE GRENADE ET DES COUPS DE FEU
Plusieurs coups de feu et une explosion de grenade ont été entendus le 4 avril dans un camp pour les personnes déplacées de la ville de Bambari, dans la province de la Ouaka. Aucune victime n'a été signalée. La tension reste élevée dans la région suite à une précédente attaque à la grenade dans un restaurant qui a tué une personne et en a blessé 11, dont huit humanitaires.
UN GROUPE D’AIDE S’INQUIÈTE DU SORT DES DÉPLACÉS
Le 7 avril, Le Conseil norvégien pour les réfugiés a exprimé son inquiétude quant à l'aggravation de la situation humanitaire à laquelle font face les communautés de la région de Mpati au Nord-Kivu, suite à de récents affrontements. Quelque 30 000 personnes ont été forcées de fuir la région suite aux combats entre les forces gouvernementales et les groupes armés les 25 et 26 mars. La plupart avaient déjà été hébergés dans des camps avant que les combats n’éclatent. L'agence, qui a suspendu ses opérations en raison de l'insécurité à Mpati, a appelé à un accès d'urgence à l'assistance aux personnes déplacées.
OPÉRATIONS DE SÉCURITÉ APRÈS LES VIOLENCES
Le 8 avril, les forces de sécurité auraient bombardé des localités dans le sud du département du Pool. Il est difficile de dire pour le moment s’il y a eu des victimes.
L'opération a suivi les tirs nourris qui ont secoué Brazzaville plus tôt dans la semaine.
Les autorités ont accusé un groupe armé impliqué dans la guerre civile du pays dans les années 1990 de la violence dans la capitale. Le calme est depuis revenu à Brazzaville.
ÉTAT D’URGENCE DE 10 JOURS DÉCRÉTÉ
Le Président Ibrahim Boubacar Keita a décrété le 4 avril l'état d'urgence sur l'ensemble du territoire malien pour une période de dix jours en raison de «menaces terroristes», a annoncé une source officielle.
L'état d'urgence a été déclaré après une réunion extraordinaire du conseil des ministres. L'état d'urgence antérieur qui était en vigueur depuis novembre 2015 a pris fin le 31 mars.
MALADIE À VIRUS EBOLA (MVE)
EBOLA REFAIT SURFACE AU LIBERIA
Le 6 avril, la Guinée a confirmé un nouveau cas d'Ebola dans la préfecture de Macenta.
Le patient, qui avait été placé sur la liste des contacts à haut risque, est un guérisseur traditionnel qui a pris soin d’un patient Ebola.
Sept cas confirmés ont jusqu'à présent été signalés depuis que le virus est réapparu en Guinée en mars. Au Liberia, il existe actuellement trois cas confirmés, y compris le cas index décédé, ainsi que ses deux fils âgés de deux et cinq ans. En tout, sept patients (les deux enfants et cinq cas à risque élevé) sont dans un centre de traitement Ebola dans la capitale Monrovia
(Abuja and Dakar, 12 April 2016): UN agencies and non-governmental organisations are increasing their footprint in Nigeria’s Borno State, and the UN has now reached people struck by crisis in rural parts of the region. Arriving in Bama town, some 76 kilometres outside Maiduguri near the Sambisa forest and largely destroyed by violence, United Nations Assistant SecretaryGeneral and Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, underlined, “The suffering of some 30,000 people in Bama was as acute as I have seen.”
The full extent of the agony inflicted on the people of the Lake Chad Basin as a result of the violence is still unknown, but as towns such as Bama open to aid agencies, the absolute destruction Boko Haram has left in its wake is becoming clearer. “Inter-agency teams are currently assessing more hard-to-reach parts of the state. We are increasingly emphasizing the relief-development nexus in a region that suffered from historical underdevelopment,” explained the recently arrived United Nations Humanitarian Coordinator for Nigeria, Ms Fatma Samoura.
“When faced with such suffering, we tend to focus on an emergency response, and in the case of Bama it is right to do so, but rarely has the need for development been greater in a crisis setting such as that of Borno,” Lanzer explained. “Some UN development agencies stand ready to support communities under the leadership of the authorities,” he added.
Borno’s capital, Maiduguri, is a city of 1 million inhabitants who are hosting a 1.6 million people displaced by Boko Haram. There Lanzer focused his visit on the host communities, all of whom have shown unparalleled generosity. Lanzer called on donors to back development initiatives in the region concurrently with the emergency response. “Solid waste management and livelihoods are two of the most glaring needs in Maiduguri despite the strong efforts of the State authorities. As the rainy season approaches, a failure to manage waste will result in a public health crisis and exacerbate human suffering; at the same time, providing the youth vocational training is the right thing to do today, and can help prevent a deeper crisis emerging tomorrow,” he added.
The international humanitarian agencies operating in Nigeria plan to provide aid to people in the North-East of Nigeria at a cost of US$248 million for 2016, yet is only 12 per cent funded. “We are facing one of the largest and most grave crises anywhere,” Lanzer underlined, “and donors now need to provide aid agencies the resources to complement the State’s work to keep people alive and address the root cause of the crisis.”
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13,539 Mauritanian refugees located in Kayes and Bamako in 2015
42,690 Total number of returned refugees in 2013-2015 (according to Malian authorities)
4,307 Returned refugees benefited from cash based interventions for their reintegration in 2015
529 Refugee returnees benefited from projects in the areas of agriculture, livestock and micro-finance in 2015
Population of concern
563,900 people of concern in Mali
144,677 Malians still in exile in the region
USD 49.2 million requested
PRESIDENTIAL POLL HELD
Chadians voted on 10 April in a presidential poll in which incumbent President Idriss Deby, who has been in power since 1990, is seeking re-election. The president faced 12 challengers. The vote went on smoothly with no incidents reported. Chad is faced with the threat of attacks by Boko Haram gunmen who have carried out raids in the capital N’Djamena and in the western Lac Region.
CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
GRENADE BLAST, GUNFIRE ROCK IDP CAMP
Several gunshots and a grenade explosion were heard on 4 April at a camp for the displaced in Bambari town, Ouaka Province.
No casualty was reported. Tension remains high in the area following a previous grenade attack in a restaurant that injured 11 people, including eight humanitarians, and killed one.
AID GROUP VOICES WORRY OVER PLIGHT OF DISPLACED
The Norwegian Refugee Council on 7 April voiced worry about the worsening humanitarian situation faced by communities in Mpati area of Nord Kivu Province in the wake of recent clashes. Some 30,000 people were forced to flee the area following fighting between government forces and armed groups on 25 and 26 March. Most had already been staying in camps before the fighting broke out. The agency, which suspended operations in Mpati due to insecurity, called for urgent access to assist the displaced.
SECURITY OPERATIONS AFTER VIOLENCE
Security forces on 8 April reportedly bombarded localities in the southern Pool department. It is not clear yet whether there were any casualties. The operation followed heavy gunfire that rocked Brazzaville earlier in the week. The authorities have blamed an armed group involved in the country’s civil war in the 1990s for the violence in the capital. Calm has since returned to Brazzaville.
TEN-DAY STATE OF EMERGENCY DECLARED
President Ibrahim Boubacar Keita on 4 April decreed a state of emergency over the entire Malian territory for a period of ten days because of “terrorist threats,” an official source announced. The state of emergency was declared following an extraordinary council of ministers meeting. The previous state of emergency that had been in place since November 2015 ended on 31 March.
EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE (EVD)
GUINEA CONFIRMS NEW CASE
Guinea confirmed a new Ebola case on 6 April in Macenta Prefecture. The patient, who had been placed on the list of high risk contacts, is a traditional healer who cared for an Ebola patient. Seven confirmed cases have so far been reported since the virus reemerged in Guinea in March. In Liberia, there are currently three confirmed cases, including the dead index case as well as her two sons aged two and five. In all, seven patients (the two children and five high-risk cases) are at an Ebola treatment in the capital Monrovia.
GENEVA (12 April 2016) – A group of United Nations and African human rights experts* today urged the Government of Nigeria to escalate its efforts to free all civilians kidnaped by Boko Haram. Speaking ahead of the second anniversary of the Chibok girls’ abduction, on 14 April, the experts also appealed to Boko Haram to immediately reveal the location of these girls, and release them together with hundreds of other captured civilians.
“In the last two years, despite re-assurances from those at the highest level of the Nigerian Government, the parents have not seen any concrete progress in locating and liberating their daughters,” the experts said. “The lack of access to information increases the suffering of the abductees’ families through false hopes and frustrations.”
While the UN and African human rights experts understand the security considerations put forward by the authorities, which prevent the disclosure of information, they have expressed their deep concern that “the grievances of the families and their most basic right to be kept informed about the plight of their loved ones has largely been ignored.”
The experts believe that the Nigerian authorities should meet the parents’ demand for the designation of a focal point to liaise with the families of abducted persons and provide them with regular information and assistance.
In the last two years, several abducted civilians have either managed to escape from Boko Haram or were freed by the Nigerian army. The UN and African human rights experts welcomed these operations and urged the authorities to ensure that those who have been released are provided with adequate care, recovery and reintegration services.
The experts commended ongoing programmes such as the Safe Schools Initiative and the Victims Support Fund. “We are nonetheless seriously concerned by the absence of follow-up in the provision of care, recovery and reintegration measures for victims of sexual violence,” they noted.
Moreover, the experts underlined the importance of adopting a gender perspective in the provision of such services, as most of the abducted civilians are women and girls requiring specific support.
“The reintegration and rehabilitation of women and children are essential in the path towards lasting peace,” they said recalling the findings of a joint visit to Nigeria in January of this year, by the UN Special Rapporteurs on the sale and sexual exploitation of children, on contemporary forms of slavery, and on the right to health.
“Both the Nigerian authorities and the international community should make it clear that all the alleged crimes perpetrated by Boko Haram will be promptly, thoroughly and independently investigated, and those responsible, directly or as commanders or superiors, will be brought to justice,” they stated.
“The declaration by the African Union making this year the African Year of Human Rights with a specific focus on women’s rights should be an additional call to action for African States and the international community to actively support Nigeria in its fight against Boko Haram and in addressing deep-rooted human rights violations such as gender-based violence and discrimination,” the experts concluded.
(*) The experts: Ms. Maud de Boer-Buquicchio, Special Rapporteur on the sale of children, child prostitution and child pornography; Ms. Urmila Bhoola, Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery, including its causes and consequences; Ms. Dubravka Simonovic, Special Rapporteur on violence against women, its causes and consequences; Ms. Maria Grazia Giammarinaro, Special Rapporteur on trafficking in persons, especially women and children; Ms. Eleonora Zielinska, Chair-Rapporteur of the Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice; Mr. Dainius Puras, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to the highest attainable standard of health; and Ms. Lucy Asuagbor, Special Rapporteur on Rights of Women in Africa of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights
The United Nations human rights experts are part of what it is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights, is the general name of the independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms of the Human Rights Council that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures’ experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity. Learn more, visit: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/HRBodies/SP/Pages/Welcomepage.aspx
The Special Rapporteur on Rights of Women in Africa was established by the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights in Banjul, The Gambia, in April 1998, in recognition of the need to place particular emphasis on the problems and rights specific to women in Africa. It is therefore one of the oldest mechanisms of the Commission. Learn more, visit: http://www.achpr.org/mechanisms/rights-of-women/
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Nigeria regional conflict: Ten-fold increase in number of children used in ‘suicide’ attacks
DAKAR/NEW YORK/GENEVA, 12 April 2016 – The number of children involved in ‘suicide’ attacks in Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger has risen sharply over the past year, from 4 in 2014 to 44 in 2015, according to UNICEF data released today. More than 75 per cent of the children involved in the attacks are girls.
“Let us be clear: these children are victims, not perpetrators,” said Manuel Fontaine, UNICEF Regional Director for West and Central Africa. “Deceiving children and forcing them to carry out deadly acts has been one of the most horrific aspects of the violence in Nigeria and in neighbouring countries.”
Released two years after the abduction of over 200 schoolgirls in Chibok, the report Beyond Chibok shows alarming trends in four countries affected by Boko Haram over the past two years:
The calculated use of children who may have been coerced into carrying bombs, has created an atmosphere of fear and suspicion that has devastating consequences for girls who have survived captivity and sexual violence by Boko Haram in North East Nigeria.
Children who escaped from, or were released by, armed groups are often seen as potential security threats, as shown in recent research by UNICEF and International Alert. Children born as a result of sexual violence also encounter stigma and discrimination in their villages, host communities, and in camps for internally displaced persons.
“As ‘suicide’ attacks involving children become commonplace, some communities are starting to see children as threats to their safety,” said Fontaine. “This suspicion towards children can have destructive consequences; how can a community rebuild itself when it is casting out its own sisters, daughters and mothers?”
Beyond Chibok assesses the impact conflict has had on children in the four countries affected by Boko Haram. The report notes that:
UNICEF is working with communities and families in Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon and Niger to fight stigma against survivors of sexual violence and to build a protective environment for former abductees.
Together with partners, UNICEF provides safe water and life-saving health services; helps to restore access to education by creating temporary learning spaces; and delivers therapeutic treatment to malnourished children. UNICEF also provides psychosocial support to children to help them cope with emotional distress.
The response to this crisis remains severely underfunded. This year, only 11 per cent of the US$97 million needed for UNICEF’s humanitarian response has been received. UNICEF is calling for increased commitment from donors to support conflict affected children and women in Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad.
Notes to Editors
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Iraq: The humanitarian situation in besieged Fallujah continues to deteriorate. Supply lines have been cut off since December, when government forces surrounded the city. Islamic State is reportedly preventing people from leaving. Prices of basic food stuffs are 500% above December prices for the third consecutive month. Acute shortages of food, medicine and fuel, as well as cases of starvation and suicide, have been reported.
DRC: Fighting between FARDC and armed groups in late March in Masisi, Nord-Kivu, has displaced 30,000 people. Most were already IDPs. Humanitarian organisations have suspended operations due to the volatile security situation.
Nigeria: 200,000 people in the northeast are currently in Emergency food insecurity (Phase 4 of the Cadre Harmonisé) and in urgent need of assistance in the northeast. The situation is expected to deteriorate as the lean season approaches (June–August). Population movements are extremely fluid with more IDPs being identified, and others relocating or returning. 64,000 Nigerian refugees have returned from Cameroon since January 2016.
Updated: 12/04/2016. Next update: 19/04/2016.
Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 4/13/2016 - 03:22 GMT
by Aminu ABUBAKAR
When Boko Haram Islamists raided a remote village on Nigeria's northeastern border with Niger last year, frightened and confused residents fled into the bush to escape the marauding attackers.
But the locals got lost and in desperation called a radio station based hundreds of kilometres (miles) away in the commercial hub of Kano.
"The distraught villagers called our studios on a mobile phone from the wilderness and explained their predicament," explained the head of radio station Dandal Kura, Umar Said Tudun-Wada.
"The information they provided was used by security operatives to track them," he told AFP.
Dandal Kura has been on air since the start of 2015, broadcasting to residents who have been plagued by Boko Haram for nearly seven years.
It is the first outlet dedicated to the conflict and every day transmits three hours of programming on short-wave to the remote region's ethnic Kanuri population.
Its 30 staff includes 11 reporters across the Lake Chad basin comprising northeast Nigeria, northern Cameroon, southwestern Chad and southern Niger -- and its aim is simple.
"Our focus is to provide a voice to the over nine million native Kanuri in the Lake Chad area, particularly in Borno state, to lend support to the counter-insurgency efforts because the Kanuri ethnic group is the worst hit by Boko Haram," said Tudun-Wada.
- Life-saving advice -
Dandal Kura, which has been backed by the USAID, currently has studios in Kano at a building which also houses the privately owned Freedom Radio, where Tudun-Wada used to be general manager.
But it is set to relocate its studios to Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state and birthplace of Boko Haram, as a relative peace returns to the conflict-hit city.
Dandal Kura in Kanuri means 'big arena' and aims to provide a platform along the lines of the traditional village square where people affected by the conflict can exchange views.
The bulk of Boko Haram membership is Kanuri, the dominant ethnic group in the Lake Chad region.
Boko Haram was founded in Maiduguri in 2002 and drew its support largely from Kanuri-speaking youth disenchanted with social inequality and the failure of political leadership.
The group used ethnic and linguistic affinity to recruit members among the local population, capitalising on anger at poverty, illiteracy and the lack of access to economic opportunities.
The radio station's social media officer, Yagana Kachallah, said the broadcasts also have wider aims given the spate of bomb and suicide attacks in the region.
"There is the need to sensitise the people in the northeast, the victims of the violence, on how they should respond to the Boko Haram violence," she said.
"Doing so requires speaking to them in their own language."
Muslim clerics, for example, use 15-minute religious programmes to counter the Islamists' extreme ideology to dissuade potential recruits from joining their ranks.
There is also advice on what to do when approached by a Boko Haram recruiter, tips on identifying suicide bombers and what to do in the event of an attack.
"These basic tips have helped save lives of people in the theatre of violence," said Tudun-Wada.
As a result, people no longer cluster around scenes of suicide or bomb attack because of information broadcast about the risk of secondary strikes, he added.
- Overwhelming response -
Kachalla, who tracks listeners' feedback on Twitter, Facebook and text messages, said the volume of response from the Kanuri audience took the radio station by surprise.
"We receive an average of 120 responses from our listeners every week," she said.
Radio has long been the major source of news in Muslim-majority northern Nigeria, where literacy levels were low, even before the insurgency.
Broadcasters such as the BBC, Radio France Internationale (RFI) and Voice of America (VOA) capitalised on this and set up affiliates in the dominant northern language, Hausa.
But Tudun-Wada said the demand for Kanuri radio was also there -- even beyond the Lake Chad region.
"We never knew there was such a huge number of Kanuri in Sudan until we were inundated with sustained requests... for representation... and we had to recruit a Kanuri reporter in Khartoum," he added.
In addition, Boko Haram fighters have also tuned in and last September a man who identified himself as a rebel commander phoned in and took issue with the station's reporting of one attack.
"With more funding from donors we intend to expand our reach by establishing FM stations across the countries in the Lake Chad region to strengthen the impact Dandal Kura is making in tackling Boko Haram insurgency," said Tudun-Wada.
© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse
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Statement by Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict on the two-year anniversary of the abduction of 276 girls in Chibok, Nigeria
New York – Two years ago, in the middle of the night, 276 girls were abducted by Boko Haram from their school dormitory in Chibok, in Nigeria’s northeast. Fifty-seven escaped hours later but we still do not know what happened to the remaining 219 girls.
That day, the world uncovered the violence and terror that children in northeastern Nigeria had been subjected to for months.
‘Bring back our girls’, we demanded then, and we demand now. We also call for an end to all grave violations committed against children in this conflict.
In the past two years, the conflict has continued to grow and Boko Haram’s activities have spilled over into the neighboring countries of Cameroon, Chad and Niger.
More children have been abducted. Hundreds of boys and girls have been killed, maimed and recruited by Boko Haram. In what has become one of the armed group’s most gruesome tactics, women and children, girls in particular, have been forced to serve as suicide bombers in crowded markets and public places, killing many civilians.
It is no surprise that in the midst of such violence, families decided to flee to safer areas in Nigeria, and to neighboring countries. With over 2 million people displaced, including more than 1 million children, often separated from their families, the United Nations has described these massive displacements as one of the fastest growing crises in Africa.
I met some of the displaced families when I visited Nigeria last year and will not forget their shock and disbelief at the devastation suffered by their communities.
In the past year, as the Government of Nigeria has retaken control of some territory in the country’s northeast, Boko Haram captives were liberated or have been able to escape, including many children. Girls and boys told distressing stories about their captivity, including how entire villages were burned to the ground, and recounted stories of rape and sexual violence, recruitment and use of children by the group, as well as other violations. These children yearn for the safety of their families, but going back to their communities can mean persecution and mistrust. Girls who come back as young mothers face even greater challenges. These traumatized children require assistance and our support to fight stigma and rejection.
The conflict’s impact on education has been no less profound. Over 1,500 schools in northeastern Nigeria have been destroyed and the teachers are gone. Hundreds of thousands of children are missing out on their education. The international community’s efforts to support initiatives to bring children back to school are essential and must be maintained.
Much has been done to help children reintegrate back into their communities and return to school, but the need far exceeds the resources available. It is our collective responsibility to keep shining a spotlight on these children in need and ensure they have a future in which they can overcome these challenges.
The abduction of the Chibok girls catalyzed international action, including in the Security Council. In June 2015, Council members adopted resolution 2225 that made the act of abduction by an armed group or force a trigger to list them in the annexes of the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict. This means future acts of abduction, like in Chibok, can translate into a listing for those perpetrators and increase pressure on them by the international community.
We cannot tolerate the abduction of children. We cannot forget the girls from Chibok. The children of Nigeria and the region deserve to grow up in peace. It is up to us to be their voice and give them back the life they deserve.
Bring back our girls. Bring back our children.
For additional information, please contact:
Stephanie Tremblay, Communications Officer, Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, +1-212-963-8285 (office), +1-917-288-5791 (mobile), email@example.com
Bamako, Mali | AFP | mercredi 13/04/2016 - 23:06 GMT
L'état d'urgence rétabli le 4 avril au Mali a été prorogé jusqu'au 15 juillet, pour "poursuivre la lutte contre le terrorisme" dans ce pays en proie à des attaques jihadistes, selon un communiqué du gouvernement diffusé mercredi soir.
Le conseil des ministres hebdomadaire tenu mercredi sous la présidence du Premier ministre Modibo Keïta "a adopté un projet de loi autorisant la prorogation de l'état d'urgence" qui avait été réinstauré par décret le 4 avril pour dix jours et qui "arrive à expiration le 14 avril à minuit", indique le compte rendu de cette réunion diffusé par le gouvernement.
"Conformément aux dispositions (...) de la Constitution, sa prorogation au-delà de dix jours doit être autorisée par la loi. Le projet de loi adopté s'inscrit dans ce cadre. Il proroge l'état d'urgence déclaré jusqu'au 15 juillet 2016 à minuit", affirme-t-il.
"Son adoption permettra de poursuivre la lutte contre le terrorisme et les autres menaces à la sécurité des personnes et de leurs biens sur l'ensemble du territoire national", ajoute-t-il.
Cette mesure d'exception donne notamment plus de possibilités d'intervention aux forces de sécurité et restreint les rassemblements.
L'état d'urgence avait été proclamé au Mali une première fois pour dix jours au soir de l'attaque par des islamistes de l'hôtel Radisson Blu de Bamako, le 20 novembre (20 morts, outre deux assaillants tués), et de nouveau le 21 décembre pour dix jours. Le 31 décembre, il avait été prorogé pour trois mois, jusqu'au 31 mars, puis réinstauré le 4 avril pour dix jours.
Le Mali est régulièrement confronté à des attaques contre ses forces de sécurité mais aussi contre les forces étrangères - de la France et sous mandat de l'ONU - depuis le déclenchement, en janvier 2013, d'une intervention militaire contre des groupes jihadistes, qui se poursuit actuellement.
Ces groupes armés liés à Al-Qaïda ont contrôlé le nord du Mali de mars-avril 2012 à janvier 2013, à la faveur de la déroute de l'armée face à une rébellion à dominante touareg, d'abord alliée à ces groupes qui l'ont ensuite évincée. Ils ont été dispersés et en grande partie chassés par l'intervention militaire internationale.
Mais des zones entières échappent encore au contrôle des forces maliennes et étrangères, malgré la signature en mai-juin 2015 d'un accord de paix entre le camp gouvernemental et l'ex-rébellion, censé isoler définitivement les jihadistes.
© 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse
Lake Chad crisis
176 500 Refugees
2 637 000 IDPs
(Abuja, 14 April 2016)
Two years on from their abduction, the fate of 219 of the Chibok schoolgirls is still unknown, but their plight is sadly all too common in the conflict-affected communities of the North-East. “Humanitarian agencies are concerned that two years have passed, and still the fate of the Chibok girls and the many, many other abductees is unknown,” said the Humanitarian Coordinator for Nigeria, Fatma Samoura. At the hands of their captors they have suffered forced recruitment into the group, forced marriage, sexual slavery and rape, and have been used to carry bombs. “Between 2,000 - 7,000 women and girls are living in abduction and sex slavery,” said UNICEF Country Representative, Jean Gough.
Women and girls who have escaped Boko Haram have reported undergoing a systematic training programme while in captivity, to train them as bombers, according to UNICEF. 85% of the suicide attacks by women globally in 2014 were in Nigeria. In May 2015 it was reported that children had been used to perpetrate three-quarters of all suicide attacks in Nigeria since 2014. Many of the bombers had been brainwashed or coerced.
As the Nigerian military recaptures territory from Boko Haram, abducted women and girls are being recovered. Over and above the horrific trauma of sexual violence these girls experienced during their captivity, many are now facing rejection by their families and communities, because of their association with Boko Haram. “You are a Boko Haram wife, don’t come near us!” one girl reported being told. Effective rehabilitation for these women and girls is vital, as they rebuild their lives.
Children have suffered disproportionately as a result of the North-East conflict. The Chibok abduction was not a one off: in November 2014, 300 children were abducted from a school in Damasak, Borno, and are are still missing. A UNICEF report released earlier this week states that 1.3 million children have been displaced by the conflict across the Lake Chad Basin, almost a million of whom are in Nigeria. Similarly, Human Rights Watch have reported that 1 million children have lost access to education. “The abducted Chibok girls have become a symbol for every girl that has gone missing at the hands of Boko Haram, and every girl who insists on practicing her right to education,” attested the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator for Nigeria, Munir Safieldin.
While the fate of the Chibok girls hangs in the balance, women and girls in 70% of vulnerable households in North-East Nigeria still face the risk of sexual and gender-based violence, according to a report published in December by UNHCR, the Nigerian National Human Rights Commission, Nigerian Red Cross and the State Emergency Management Agencies. More needs to be done by the Nigerian Government and the international community to keep them safe from the horrors other women and girls have endured. Safe schools are a good start, but safe roads are also needed, and safe homes.
Nigeria is currently facing one of the most critical humanitarian crises on the African continent, even if the international community has been relatively silent about it. The conflict between the insurgents of Boko Haram and the Government of Nigeria (GoN) and its allies have forced millions of people to flee their homes inside the country and outside Nigerian borders in neighboring countries such as Chad, Cameroon or Niger.
Maiduguri is the most important city in the northeastern part of the country, being strategically located on the commercial road connecting Dakar to Ndjamena. The city has seen its population almost doubled in the past 3 years, recording the arrival of about 1.8 million displaced persons.
In an area already weakened by underdevelopment and climatic pressure (Lake Chad and Sahel climate), the resilience capacity of the host population has reached its limits.
This document, the evaluation report resulting from the exploratory mission led by Premiere Urgence Internationale between December 2015 and January 2016, presents the main – but not exhaustive – findings of the multi sectorial needs assessment, as well as the corresponding strategy that PUI intends to implement in Nigeria.
Whereas the report details PUI’s intended overall strategy, the most urgent components of the strategy are structured around the two following objectives:
Premiere Urgence Internationale wishes to express its profound thanks to all the partners on the field, and particularly Action Against Hunger USA teams in Abuja, and in Maiduguri, who grandly facilitated the carrying forth of this assessment.
HRP 2016 - OBJECTIFS STRATEGIQUES
1- La protection des populations affectées et à risque du fait du conflit est renforcée dans le cadre d’une approche basée sur le droit et le renforcement des mécanismes de prévention et résolution des conflits.
2- Sauver des vies : Les populations affectées ont accès à une assistance d’urgence intégrée assurant leur survie et préservant leur sécurité et leur dignité.
3- Préserver la dignité humaine : Les populations affectées et à risque ont un meilleur accès à des services sociaux de base renforcés et leurs mécanismes de subsistance essentiels sont préservés.
ESA Working Paper No. 16-02 March 2016
This paper provides fresh empirical evidence on the adaptation process to face climate changes through the analysis of original cross-sectional data collected at household-level in Niger. In particular, we identify the main drivers and barriers of crop and labour diversification, which constitute two livelihood strategies in mitigating the adaptation deficit. Secondly, the effectiveness of diversification practices is assessed by means of three complementary welfare measures, namely income changes, food security and the poverty gap. We find that, aside from climate shocks, the diversification level varies in response to the educational level of household members and spatial location as well as the adoption of information communication technologies. The impacts of diversification appear differentiated. While labour diversification is always positively associated with all the three welfare measures, positive coefficients of crop diversification are significant only when associated to food security. Robust causal inference confirms that anomalies in rainfall patterns and droughts in particular, induce adaptation responses, which result in welfare gains limited by a richer calorie intake, while the effects on income and severity of poverty appear detrimental.