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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    VISION GLOBALE

    Travailler collectivement sur la logique de transformer les camps en villages durables et remplacer l’assistanat généralisé par un soutien ciblé aux plus vulnérables


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Les programmes réussis

    Nombre total des réfugiés : 59,965

    Augmentation des réfugiés en 2015: 20%

    Baisse du budget annuel: 50%


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Nigeria

    Highlights

    • The eighth round of DTM assessment was conducted from 18 January to 25 February 2016. 2,241,484 IDPs were identified across 13 states. Biometric registration continued in Borno and Adamawa States.

    • IOM provided a Camp Coordination and Camp Management training to 40 participants in Adamawa State with IDF funding, as part of capacity building support for government authorities and other humanitarian partners.

    • IOM distributed 2,130 non-food ítems kits, and 1,705 kitchen sets in February in Borno and Adamawa States. 225 reinforced emergency shelters have been constructed to date in Borno State.

    Situation Overview

    IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration and works in four broad areas of migration management in Nigeria: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration and addressing forced migration. Since July 2014, IOM has been providing humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs) affected by the Boko Haram insurgency in North East Nigeria.

    The Northeastern part of the country has witnessed an increase in violence since the beginning of 2014, causing a major humanitarian crisis. More than two million individuals have been displaced as a consequence of the intensification of attacks by Boko Haram, as well as the counter-insurgency activities of the Nigerian government, with highest displacements in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States. More than two years after the crisis began, and despite the fact that some IDPs have started to return home, the situation on the ground remains dire and most of the affected population have yet to receive humanitarian assistance.

    In February 2016, the voluntary relocation process of the displaced persons previously sheltered in Government College Camp in Maiduguri has been completed. 3,896 individuals (1,083 households) were relocated to Bakassi Camp. 225 emergency shelters were constructed in the camp to absorb these and other IDPs relocated from schools, as Borno State authorities move to reopen educational facilities for children.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    APERCU GENERAL

    Juin 2015: accord pour la paix entre le Gouvernement du Mali et les groupes armés du nord Mali. L'UNHCR continue à faciliter le rapatriement volontaire des réfugiés qui en font la demande.
    Pour les réfugiés ayant choisi de rester au Niger, l'UNHCR facilite le processus d'autonomisation et l'intégration socio-éconmique réussie dans les communautés d'accueil.

    OBJECTIFS DE PROTECTION

    1) Maintenir l'accès au territoire;

    2) Renforcer le système et les normes étatiques d'éligibilité;

    3) Assurer le lien entre l'assistance/autonomisation et la protection;

    4) Poursuivre la facilitation du rapatriement;

    5) Renforcer le cadre de protection de l'enfance;

    6) Oeuvrer à reduire les violence basées sur le genre;

    7)Explorer les possibilités de réinstallation et d'intégration locale;

    DEFIS OPERATIONNELS

    1 Baisse considérable du budget opérationnel

    2 Maintien des standards sectoriels acquis (santé, éducation, l'eau, etc)

    3 Une augmentation significative des besoins en terme des activités génératrices des revenus


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    Source: International Organization for Migration, Government of Chad, CCCM Cluster
    Country: Chad


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Chad


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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
    Country: Mali

    Depuis le début de l’année 2012, le nord Mali fait face à une crise multidimensionnelle et complexe poussant des centaines de milliers de personnes à fuir leur région d’origine. Malgré un certain retour au calme en 2015 permettant aux personnes déplacées de revenir dans leurs villages, la crise a entraîné la destruction des moyens de subsistances de nombreuses familles.

    Pour y faire face, ACTED met en œuvre plusieurs projets de lutte contre l’insécurité alimentaire et la pauvreté, particulièrement dans la région de Ménaka, fortement affectée par les conflits.

    Les femmes, actrices du développement

    Les femmes, peu visibles dans la gestion des affaires publiques, occupent une place prépondérante dans le processus de développement, et plus particulièrement dans la lutte contre la pauvreté et l’insécurité alimentaire. ACTED leur porte une attention particulière, pour leur permettre d’améliorer leurs conditions de vie et de reconstruire leurs moyens de subsistance.

    L’histoire de Laila

    Les équipes ont rencontré Laila, une commerçante de légumes et condiments de la ville de Ménaka. Laila a découvert ACTED dans le cadre d’un nouveau projet de réduction de l’insécurité alimentaire et d’appui aux ménages vulnérables du cercle Ménaka mis en œuvre en 2015, avec l’appui de l’OFDA. En tant que partenaire de ce projet, Laila a pu témoigner de son implication pour la sécurité alimentaire.

    Le quotidien difficile d’un petit commerce à Ménaka

    Mariée et mère de trois enfants, Laila souhaitait améliorer les conditions de vie de sa famille, et notamment payer les frais de scolarité de ses enfants. Pour y parvenir, elle a décidé de lancer son activité commerciale.

    L’activité de son commerce fonctionnait plutôt bien, permettant à Laila de mettre de l’argent de côté. Mais avec la crise politique et sécuritaire de 2012, son commerce a été attaqué par des groupes armés et la marchandise pillée. Ruinée, Laila est parvenue tant bien que mal à relancer son commerce, malgré les fermetures fréquentes en raison d’incidents sécuritaires.

    C’est en écoutant la radio que Laila a découvert ACTED, à travers un message relatif à un nouveau projet de réduction de l’insécurité alimentaire et d’appui aux ménages vulnérables du cercle Ménaka, pour lequel les équipes recherchaient des commerçants de la zone où les bénéficiaires du projet pourraient échanger des coupons alimentaires contre des vivres. Laila a alors constitué son dossier, et son commerce a été sélectionné pour être partenaire du projet de coupons alimentaires.

    Elle s’est alors rendue chez son fournisseur afin d’acheter les marchandises qu’elle a mis à disposition dans son magasin pour que les bénéficiaires du projet les échangent contre leurs coupons alimentaires lors de foires aux vivres organisées par ACTED.

    Un accès à des produits diversifiés

    Grâce aux paiements des coupons par ACTED, Laila a pu rembourser le crédit qu’elle avait dû contracter auprès de son fournisseur pour s’approvisionner en quantité suffisante. Par ailleurs, grâce aux bénéfices réalisés, Laila a pu payer les frais de scolarité de ses enfants et des frais de santé, et acheter une parcelle d’habitation.

    Grâce à l’amélioration de son pouvoir d’achat, elle a pu envisager d’autres dépenses, comme des nouveaux vêtements pour elle et ses enfants, des aliments variés et plus couteux, ou encore des cadeaux pour les mariages ou les baptêmes, lui permettant de se sentir plus intégrée socialement.

    Elle a également pu diversifier son activité économique en proposant des légumes et du poisson en plus des condiments qu’elle vendait déjà. Ainsi, elle est maintenant considérée comme une commerçante de référence à Ménaka, tant pour la qualité que pour la diversité des produits qu’elle propose aux consommateurs.

    Malgré les défis et les difficultés qu’elle a rencontrés, cette rencontre avec ACTED a permis à Laila d’améliorer son quotidien. Aujourd’hui, elle encourage plus que jamais toutes les femmes de Ménaka à démarrer des activités économiques pour améliorer les conditions de vie et le bien-être de leur ménage.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    **DONNEES CLEES

    92 658 Personnes Déplacées Internes.

    70,658 * Réfugiés vérifiés et préenregistrés par le HCR depuis Mai 2013.

    54,806 Réfugiés vivant au camp de Minawao.

    2,425 Nouveaux arrivés enregistrés par le HCR depuis Janvier 2016.

    • Ce chiffre comprend 15 852 réfugiés identifiés hors camp à l’issue de l’exercice de profilage.

    FINANCEMENT

    USD 56, 361,252 Requis par les agences et les partenaires pour couvrir l’ensemble des besoins dans le cadre du « 2015 Refugee Response Plan »

    DEVELOPPEMENTS MAJEURS

     Les arrivées spontanées de réfugiés Nigérians de la frontière au camp de Minawao continuent d’être enregistrées. Au cours du mois de janvier, 2,425 nouveaux arrivants ont été enregistrés au centre de transit de Gourounguel. Certains arrivent de tous les points d’entrée le long de la frontière de la région de l’Extrême Nord, et déclarent être venus rejoindre des membres de leurs familles déjà installés au camp. D’autres expliquent qu’ils vivaient dans des communautés hôtes depuis plus d’un an et n’ayant plus de moyens de subsistance, ils ont décidé de rejoindre le camp afin de bénéficier de l’assistance. Enfin, d’autres ont expliqué craindre des opérations de ratissage lancées par les forces de sécurité dans les villes et villages frontaliers.


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    Source: ACMAD
    Country: Algeria, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Comoros, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Highlights

     Below average precipitation and drought have raged since last year on the SADC region, the outlook for the remaining months of the current season indicated below average precipitation very likely over most of the eastern part of the region including Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, easternmost of Botswana, South Africa, Lesotho, Swaziland and the center of Madagascar. The drought situation and related consequences will persist during the coming months.

     Over the southern half of the DRC, northern Angola, westernmost part of Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, southwestern Uganda, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, southern Ghana, Togo, Benin and southwestern Nigeria, below average precipitation is very likely. However, given the low vulnerability in these areas, significant impacts are very unlikely from March to June 2016.

     Between March and June 2016, southern Cameroon, Guinea Equatoria,l Gabon, Congo, northernmost part of DRC, southeastern Tanzania, northeastern Mozambique, northern Madagascar and Comoros Island are expeting above average precipitation.

     Over southtern sahel, above average precipitation associated with a normal to early start of the season are very likely during April to June 2016.

     Near to above average temperature is very likely over most of Morocco, Mauritania, Mali, Niger,
    Mozambique, and South Africa, Algeria, Tunisia, western Libya, northern Burkina Faso, southern Angola, southeastern most of DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Lesotho and Swaziland


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Cameroon

    Les incidents causant un afflux massif de blessés (catastrophes naturelles, accidents, attentats…) sont rarement prévisibles. Les attentats qui ont frappé l’Extrême Nord du Cameroun, mais aussi d’autres événements ayant causé de nombreuses pertes en vies humaines, ont démontré qu’il est important de former les personnels médicaux, et aussi les citoyens, aux notions de premiers secours et à la conduite à tenir en cas d’afflux massif de victimes.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    • Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.

    • Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon, and causes internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.

    • Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • Due to ongoing extreme violence and continued displacements the food security situation in the Lake Chad region remains critical. The latest estimates indicate that across the Lake Chad region, a total of 5.6 million people are moderately or severely food insecure due to the ongoing insecurity and massive displacements into the border areas of Chad, Niger and Cameroon.

    • Against this backdrop WFP’s operations in the region continue through 2016, and operational response across the affected countries will be adapted to recent assessment findings and pressing needs in the respective countries.

    • A Pop Up Hub has been established in N’Djamena, Chad, for operational surge support and coordination.

    Situation Update

    • As extreme violence and tensions in northeast Nigeria continue, so do the displacements of populations into border countries. Village raids and attacks are not only destroying homes and livelihoods, but also hampering the return of populations.

    • The most recent food security assessments have found that there are 4 million people who are moderate to severely food insecure in northeastern Nigeria, an increase compared to the previous analysis. Whilst there are 148,000 persons in Diffa (Niger), 116,000 persons in affected regions of Chad and 1.4 million persons in the worst-affected areas of Far North Cameroon who are considered moderately to severely food insecure.

    • The crisis has exacerbated the food insecurity of populations in countries which are already extremely vulnerable to shocks. All four affected countries are ranked among the last 20 percent of the recently published Human Development Report (2015).

    • Furthermore, assessments continue to show that people fleeing the escalating violence have left their productive assets behind, compromising their livelihoods and consequently disrupting agricultural production.
      As traditional trade links remain disrupted, commercial activities that sustain local and regional economies are increasingly limited.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, Nigeria, Sudan

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Below-average cereal production gathered in 2015 due to poor distribution of rains

    • Prices of millet and sorghum have remained mostly stable in recent months

    • Continued assistance required to improve access to food and protect livelihoods of food-insecure and vulnerable people, including refugees and returnees

    Irregular rains caused significant decline in 2015 cereal output

    Harvesting of the 2015 cereal crops was completed in November.
    During the 2015-2016 cropping season, the Government and its partners strengthened their support to agricultural producers through the provision of various inputs, including fertilizers, seeds, pesticides and agricultural equipment. However, most parts of the country witnessed a late start of the raining season followed by poor distribution of rains. As a result, the 2015 aggregate cereal production is estimated at some 2.43 million tonnes, 12 percent below the previous year’s output and 10 percent below average. However, the pasture regeneration and water points’ level in pastoral areas of the country were reported to be adequate, with the exception of Ouaddai, Wadi Fira, Batha, Beg, Kanem and Lac regions.
    An above-average crop was gathered in 2014. Aggregate cereal production was estimated at about 2.7 million tonnes, 5 percent above the previous year’s output and 12 percent above average.
    Coarse grain prices have been mostly stable throughout 2015 reflecting adequate supplies from the previous year’s harvest.

    Food security affected by civil insecurity in neighbouring countries

    Chad hosts a large number of refugees due to the continuing civil conflict in neighbouring countries: Central African Republic, Libya,
    Nigeria and the Sudan. According to OCHA, as of end-January 2016, about 45 000 people have been internally displaced due to persisting civil insecurity. Overall, over 373 000 refugees are estimated to be currently living in Chad, while about 100 000 Chadians have returned to the country. As a result of these various factors, over 447 000 people were estimated to be in need of food assistance according to the last “Cadre Harmonisé” analysis.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Gambia, Senegal

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Endemic of food insecurity due to crop failure/ poor harvest, rising food prices and loss of livelihoods as a result of frequent natural disasters (droughts, floods).

    Lack of integrated early warning systems to facilitate early response and assist affected populations to cope better with shocks.

    Poor sanitation and access to clean water are main causes of waterborne diseases. Prevalence of epidemics, lack of access to adequate health services and poor health service delivery.

    Lack of lasting peace in southern Senegal leading to sporadic inflow of refugees.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Chronic vulnerability: recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locust), increasing poverty and market instability have contributed to deterioration of livelihoods.

    Limited access to basic social services and timid presence of State administration in certain parts of northern Mali increase the vulnerability of communities.

    Population displacement caused by inter community conflict and sociopolitical factors. Continued insecurity and limited access to social services in Gao, Kidal, Timbuktu and parts of Mopti impede the durable return of displaced persons and refugees.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Food insecurity, malnutrition and overall vulnerability are results of recurring natural hazards (droughts, floods), increasing food prices and overall scarcity of resources.

    The country continues to host Malian refugees, their returns are contingent on restoring peace and security in Northern Mali.

    Diseases under epidemiological surveillance are likely to report increased number of cases as a result of poor access to health structures and water, sanitation, and hygiene facilities.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Poverty, demographic pressure and recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, and high food prices) are among the key causes of vulnerability amongst households and communities.

    Insecurity in neighboring countries, notably Mali and Nigeria, has led to displacements to Niger. In addition, the country is experiencing internal displacement of people due to armed attacks by insurgents that have been occurring in Diffa since Feb 2015.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Continued forced displacement, killing and security incidents due to insurgency situation.

    An estimated 15 million people are affected by the food insecurity in the northern parts of Nigeria, including 8.3 million in the Northeast states of Adamawa, Borno, Yobe - out of which 4 million are in urgent need of food assistance.

    Unproportionate resources to address the needs of displaced families such as shelter, health care, WASH, NFIs, education and psychosocial support.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Senegal

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    While there is good food availability on markets and at the national level, crop production shortfalls in the Northeast will cause a premature depletion of food stocks and prolong the market dependency of affected households.

    Recurrent shocks, poor infrastructure, as well as low and late funding continue to increase the overall chronic vulnerability and erode communities' resilience.

    Poor households affected by floods during the last rainy season need to rebuild their livelihoods. As a result, these households will face stressed food insecurity (IPC 2) from June until the next round of harvests in October.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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