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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    REPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE

    LA VARIOLE DU SINGE FAIT SURFACE A MBOMOU

    Le 11 janvier, 11 cas de variole du singe, une maladie virale extrêmement contagieuse, ont été confirmés dans la région de Bangassou dans la province méridionale du Mbomou.
    Les autorités sanitaires et les partenaires humanitaires mettent en œuvre des mesures de contrôle comprenant l'isolement des patients suspects, la sensibilisation du public et l'activation d'un groupe de travail régional sur les épidémies. Les premiers cas ont été diagnostiqués le 4 décembre 2015, lorsque deux enfants présentant des symptômes ont été admis dans un centre de santé.

    BURKINA FASO

    33 MORTS DANS UNE ATTAQUE ARMEE

    Le 15 janvier, 33 personnes ont été tuées et environ 30 autres blessées lorsque des hommes armés ont attaqué un hôtel à Ouagadougou, ouvert le feu dans un restaurant voisin et attaqué un autre hôtel.
    Quatre assaillants ont également été tués dans une fusillade qui a duré plusieurs heures. Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (AQMI) a revendiqué l'attaque.

    TCHAD

    EVALUATIONS DES BESOINS HUMANITAIRES

    Des partenaires humanitaires ont mené une mission d'évaluation du 13 au 18 janvier dans les localités de Liwa Daboua et Kangalom de la région du Lac, portant sur des zones où des besoins avaient été signalés mais aucune évaluation n’avait pu être faite depuis juin 2015 en raison de l'insécurité. La mission participe de la stratégie actuelle de la communauté humanitaire visant à étendre la portée des évaluations multi-sectorielles audelà de Bol et de Baga-Sola pour atteindre des zones jusqu’à présent peu desservies par l'assistance humanitaire.

    NIGERIA

    LA FIEVRE DE LASSA TUE 76 PERSONNES

    Le ministre de la Santé a confirmé que le nombre de cas suspects de fièvre de Lassa est à présent de 212 à travers 17 états. En date du 19 janvier, 76 morts avaient été enregistrées. Le gouvernement fédéral a interdit l'inhumation des dépouilles des victimes par leurs familles en vue de contenir une possible propagation du virus.
    Le premier cas de fièvre de Lassa avait été signalé dans l'Etat de Bauchi, dans le nordest, en novembre 2015

    MALADIE A VIRUS EBOLA

    NOUVEAU CAS ENREGISTRE EN SIERRA LEONE

    La Sierra Leone a signalé un nouveau cas d'Ebola, une femme âgée de 22 ans décédée le 12 janvier dernier. Elle a voyagé à travers trois districts, s’est rendue dans un hôpital public et est décédée plus tard à son domicile. Le mécanisme inter-agence d'intervention rapide a été activé et plus de 100 contacts, dont 29 considérés à haut risque, ont été identifiés. Le nouveau cas a été confirmé le 15 janvier, un jour après que l'OMS avait déclaré la fin de l'épidémie en Afrique de l'Ouest alors que le Libéria avait été déclaré exempt de transmission du virus.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

    MONKEYPOX ERUPTS IN MBOMOU

    On 11 January, 11 cases of Monkeypox, an extremely contagious viral disease, were confirmed in Bangassou area in the southern Mbomou Province. Health authorities and humanitarian partners are implementing control measures that include isolation of suspected patients, public sensitization and activation of a regional taskforce on outbreaks. The first cases were diagnosed on 4 December 2015 when two children with symptoms of the disease were taken ill at a health centre.

    BURKINA FASO

    HOTEL GUN ATTACK KILLS 33

    On 15 January, 33 people were killed and around 30 others wounded when gunmen raided a hotel in Ouagadougou, opened fire at a nearby restaurant and attacked another hotel. Four assailants were also killed in a gun battle that lasted several hours. Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) claimed responsibility for the attack.

    CHAD

    NEEDS ASSESSMENTS IN MORE LOCALITIES

    Humanitarian partners conducted an assessment mission from 13 to 18 January in Liwa Daboua and Kangalom localities of Lac region focusing on areas where needs had been reported but no assessments undertaken since June 2015 owing to insecurity. The mission is in line with the humanitarian community’s current strategy to extend the scope of multi-sectoral assessments beyond Bol and Baga-Sola to reach areas poorly covered by assistance so far.

    NIGERIA

    LASSA FEVER DEATH TOLL REACHES 76

    The number of suspected cases of Lassa fever has reached 212 across 17 states, the Minister of Health confirmed. As of 19 January , there were 76 fatalities. The federal government has banned the burial of bodies of victims by their families as part of efforts to contain the spread of the acute viral haemorrhagic fever. The first case of Lassa was reported in Bauchi State in the north-east in November 2015.

    EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE

    SIERRA LEONE REPORTS NEW CASE

    Sierra Leone reported a new Ebola case in a 22 year-old woman who died on 12 January.
    She had travelled through three districts, visited a government hospital and later died at home. The Inter-Agency Rapid Response Mechanism has been activated and more than 100 contacts, including 29 who are considered to be high risk, have been identified. The new case was confirmed on 15 January, a day after WHO declared the outbreak over in West Africa following Liberia’s completion of 42 days without a case since its last Ebola patients tested negative.


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    Source: African Development Bank
    Country: Cameroon

    At its regular meeting in Abidjan on Wednesday, January 20, the Board of Directors of the African Development Bank (AfDB) approved a €89.291-million loan to finance the development of an Agricultural Value Chain Development Project (AVC-DP) in Cameroon.

    The project will be implemented in the Central Basin, which covers the Centre, East and South Regions, and the Littoral Basin, which covers the Littoral and South-West Regions. It will focus on the elimination of constraints on the competitiveness of three targeted crop sectors (oil palm, plantain and pineapple) by leveraging infrastructure, crops, youth entrepreneurship and coordination to improve the competitiveness of the three crops value chains. It will also create jobs and sustainably improve stakeholders incomes in targeted crop sectors. It is expected to boost inclusive growth by creating jobs, especially for youths, as well as enhance food and nutritional security.

    The Bank will support the development of the plantain, pineapple and oil palm value chains, as a complement to the operations of the World Bank, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD, the European Union (EU) and the French Development Agency (AFD), which target other crop sectors (cassava, sorghum, maize, onion, fish, milk and pigs).

    The rural infrastructure development component of the project is targeting the development of 1,000 kilometres of rural roads, 30 warehouses, 15 rural markets, 30 km of electricity networks, 30 drinking water supply (DWS) systems, and a quality control laboratory for agricultural products.

    Under its crop sector development, the project will provide support for the establishment of processing units, institution-building for farmer organizations, technical guidance, facilitation of the interface with service providers, training, research support for the production of quality seeds and seedlings, and the establishment of a crop sector development fund to finance value chains.

    The youth agricultural entrepreneurship component is expected to deliver nearly 600 businesses in the agro-business sector for approximately 1,500 young graduates (40% of them women) as well as ensure access to credit.

    The AVC-DP is aligned with the Bank's Ten Year Strategy (2013-2022) and is consistent with the 2015-2020 Country Strategy as well as the Bank's action plan for African agricultural transformation.

    An estimated 242,000 people, 50% of them women, are expected to benefit directly from the project. These include stakeholders operating within organized structures (cooperatives and networks of farmer organizations) that engage in the targeted value chains, as well as young graduates attracted by agro-business. The project is expected to generate an estimated annual income increase of CFAF 818,000 per household and estimated annual income gains of over CFAF 6,000,000 for young entrepreneurs. The indirect beneficiaries, composed of the rural communities in the project area, are estimated at one million persons.

    The project will be implemented in five years. It is estimated at €115.081 million (CFAF 75.489 billion), jointly financed by the AfDB (77.6%), the Cameroon Government (21.5%), and beneficiaries (0.9%).


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    Source: Guardian
    Country: Mali

    World Food Programme and Unicef warn that inability to access areas of north amid continued violence has left schools and health centres bereft of assistance

    Alex Duval Smith in Bamako

    Aid agencies have warned that security issues are harming the health, education and nutrition of children in Mali, where the unchecked spread of Islamic extremist violence has left many schools and health centres beyond the reach of humanitarian programmes.

    Read the full article here


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad

    Highlights

    • As of December 2015, an estimated 51,999 people are internally displaced by violence in the Lake region (85 sites assessed out of 132 targeted). More than 63% are children, and 51% are women. The situation remains volatile, with new displacements continuing to take place on a regular basis.

    • Data collected on food security in November 2015 through the harmonized results framework show that as many as 940,000 people will be in emergency and crisis (phase 3 and 4) food security crisis levels by mid-2016, about double the initial estimates reflected in the Humanitarian Needs Overview of September. Eight regions in phase 3 or 4 also have a prevalence of global acute malnutrition higher than the 15% crisis threshold.

    • By the end of 2015, UNICEF Chad’s Humanitarian Action for Children appeal was only 20% funded. The lack of funding has delayed assistance to the Lake region, and has limited UNICEF and partners’ ability to provide quality basic services to returnee and host populations. The response to the Central African Republic returnees and to the longstanding refugee crisis in the east remains underfunded.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger

    WFP response

    WFP has been assisting Malian refugees fleeing the conflict in northern Mali since early 2012 in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger through a regional emergency operation. Simultaneously in Mali, WFP has been providing immediate food assistance to Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) and returnees through a protracted relief and recovery operation. As the emergency operation came to an end at the end of 2015, in 2016 WFP will integrate the assistance to Malian refugees in neighboring countries in their respective protracted relief and recovery operations, targeting overall 136,000 people with both food an cash support. Assistance to affected through equivalent modalities to affected population in the north of Mali will also continue.

    Mali

    Although some populations displaced due to the conflict have started to slowly return to government-controlled areas in the north of the country, larger scale returns are still hampered by the volatile security situation and by the operating context across northern Mali, which has deteriorated. As the situation continues to evolve, the population’s needs are changing accordingly. WFP’s focus is thus shifting from general food distribution (GFD) to building resilience in northern Mali, all the while maintaining immediate support through a mixed ration of food, cash assistance and targeted nutrition support.

    Burkina Faso

    Some 32,000 refugees are expected to remain in Burkina Faso for the foreseeable future, exacerbating an already fragile food security situation and placing additional pressure on vulnerable host populations. WFP will continue to assist the refugees in the camps of the Goudebou and Mentao through food rations, cash-based transfers and targeted nutrition support, with the goal of improving food and increasing social cohesion between refugees and host populations.

    Mauritania

    In Mauritania, Malian refugees live in Mbera camp in the south-east of the country, where opportunities for selfreliance are limited. After three years in Mauritania, their situation remains fragile, leading WFP and partners to explore ways to further enhance their resilience. In 2016, WFP aims to continue assistance to 50,000 refugees through GFD, ensuring at the same time targeted nutrition support for children aged 6–59 months and pregnant and nurturing women to prevent and cure malnutrition. WFP will also provide emergency school feeding to children in pre- and primary schools in the camps. Starting April 2016, WFP aims to distribute a mix of in kind – cash/vouchers rations to refugees.

    Niger

    While the humanitarian situation for Malian refugees in Niger appears to have stabilized, several assessments, are ongoing and planned to evaluate their current situation in the country. WFP will continue its assistance to some 54,000 refugees for four additional months through GFD, vouchers and enhanced nutrition support as WFP works with its partners and the government to adjust its strategy following the results of assessments planned for early 2016.

    UN Humanitarian Air Service

    WFP has also been providing safe, reliable, and efficient air transport services to the humanitarian community through country-specific Special Operations in Mali, Mauritania and Niger, allowing responders to provide assistance to affected populations in remote and insecure areas. Overall, in 2015 UNHAS transported 28,500 passengers in the three countries. To continue the provision of this essential service, WFP requires additional USD 16 million in 2016.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger

    The security situation in South Eastern Niger continues to deteriorate due to a growing number of attacks by Boko Haram. On 6 February 2015, the armed group Boko Haram attacked Niger for the first time, with an incursion in Bosso. Several other incursions occured in the Diffa region during the period February 2015 to January 2016. As a consequence, thousands of people displaced, with humanitarian needs that are barely met due to limited access by humanitarian organizations. In November 2015, some settlers along the Komadougou river moved preventively to escape from the attacks of Boko Haram insurgents.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Libya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    Niger is facing major humanitarian challenges exacerbated by the consequences of the conflicts in Mali, Nigeria and Libya. More than 2 million people have no access to adequate food and will need emergency food assistance in 2016. The government and the humanitarian community continue to provide assistance to alleviate the suffering of the vulnerable people in the various sectors of intervention, despite the operational constraints due to insecurity and insufficient resources. In December 2015, US$ 207 million (55 percent) are mobilized to assist vulnerable populations out of a total requested amount of US$ 376 million.


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    Source: Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset
    Country: Central African Republic, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, South Sudan, Sudan, World

    Welcome to the January issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report.
    Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political violence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published on the ACLED website, and are also available through our research partners at Climate Change and African Political Stability (CCAPS).

    This month, ACLED launched Version 6: a fully revised and updated conflict and protest event dataset containing records of all political violence and protest in Africa from 1997 through 2015 inclusive. This month’s report is an overview of conflict in 2015 and profiles sexual violence in Central African Republic, on-going police abuses in Egypt in 2016, Islamic State attacks and expanding quasi-military activity in Libya, religious-based violence in Nigeria, increased conflict activity by off-shoot militias in South Sudan and violence against civilians in North Darfur, Sudan.

    Elsewhere on the continent, political violence increased in Burundi, Chad, Ethiopia and Mali throughout 2015, conflict levels decreased in Somalia and DR-Congo, with persistent levels of violence experienced in Nigeria.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • UNHCR facilitated the participation of Central African refugees hosted in Chad, Cameroon and the Republic of Congo in the constitutional referendum and presidential elections that took place in December.

    • Out of 54,264 refugees who registered for the vote in the three countries of asylum, almost 61 per cent cast their vote with no major security incident reported.

    • In the Central African Republic (CAR), persistent localised clashes and the prevailing insecurity countrywide triggered additional population displacement. At the same time, recurrent attacks on humanitarian organisations and convoys continued to impede access to affected areas inside the CAR and contributed to slowing down the humanitarian response.

    • Humanitarian needs for the CAR situation continued to surpass available resources, directly impacting UNHCR’s ability to provide protection and assistance to displaced populations.

    KEY FIGURES

    453,921
    Central African refugees in Cameroon, Chad, DRC and Congo

    7,661
    Refugees and asylum seekers in Central African Republic

    48,466
    IDPs in the capital Bangui

    PRIORITIES

    • CAR: Continue to provide protection and assistance to displaced populations; ensure protection monitoring in accessible areas.

    • Cameroon: Strengthen the WASH response in all refugee sites.

    • Chad: Strengthen community based protection, particularly for persons with specific needs.

    • DRC: Address the needs of newly arrived refugees, especially in the area of shelter.

    • RoC: Ensure registration and documentation of all CAR refugees.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    (Bamako / Dakar, January 22, 2015) – During his mission in Mali from 18 – 22 January, the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, witnessed progress made and persisting challenges regarding security and access to basic services for communities affected by the crisis. In the North of the country and in Bamako, RHC Lanzer met with members of the Government, local authorities, civil society organizations and humanitarian partners. He also visited Gao and Kidal to meet people affected by the crisis and visit aid projects.

    “Important progress has been made; schools have reopened and access to safe water and essential healthcare has improved", he noted. “However the continued redeployment of State authorities is essential if we are to consolidate existing gains and strengthen the much needed recovery and resilience work with the support of humanitarian and development partners”, he added. During his visit, Lanzer noted significant improvement as a result from the return of some administration personnel and relief work. However, progress is less significant in areas where persisting insecurity prevails, hampering aid and maintaining local communities in high levels of vulnerability and precarious conditions.

    Mr. Lanzer’s mission took place just after the Humanitarian Coordinator for Mali, Ms. Mbaranga Gasarabwe, completed a tour in Northern Mali, including Timbuktu, Gao and Kidal, to assess the needs and the challenges on the ground, as well as the context in the which humanitarian actors are operating.

    "The signature of the Peace Agreement and its implementation by all parties should allow for broader humanitarian access to meet people’s urgent needs, as well as working with authorities to strengthen communities’ self-reliance and autonomy", said Mrs. Gasarabwe. “During the coming months, expected improvements in the security situation will be essential to ensure populations’ access to basic services", she added.

    Through concerted efforts, humanitarian actors in the country assisted over a million and a half people last year. Water distribution and electricity systems in the main urban centres were rehabilitated with the support of partners from the stabilization sector. However, significant needs remain, notably to ensure access to water in rural areas and Kidal, and avoid a deterioration of public health and livestock’s conditions. Support for the next planting season is also essential to safeguard the food security of households.

    "The youth, women and community leaders I met, all, have a vision for the future of their society; and they want to be part of its shaping. Mali is at a turning point in its history and the authorities must remain fully committed to seizing this opportunity. At the same time, the international community must maintain and scale up its support to enable people to realize their expectation for peace, justice and development", Lanzer added.

    The humanitarian response plan for Mali - partnering UN agencies and NGOs - calls for US$ 354 million this year and includes a crucial component aimed at building the resilience capacity of communities.

    For further information, please contact:

    Berenice Van Den Driessche, OCHA Dakar, vandendriessche@un.org, +221 77 333 91 95 Anouk Desgroseilliers, OCHA Bamako, desgroseilliers@un.org, +223 7599 5761

    OCHA press releases are available on http://www.unocha.org/rowca


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    (Bamako/Dakar, le 22 janvier 2015) – En mission au Mali du 18 au 22 janvier, le Coordonnateur humanitaire régional pour le Sahel, M. Toby Lanzer, a constaté les avancés réalisées et les défis qui persistent dans les domaines de la sécurité et de l’accès aux services sociaux par les communautés dans les zones affectées par la crise. Au cours de sa tournée dans le nord du pays et à Bamako, M. Lanzer a rencontré des membres du Gouvernement, les autorités locales et des organisations de la société civile et humanitaires. Il s’est notamment rendu dans les villes de Gao et Kidal pour rencontrer les personnes touchées par la crise et visiter des projets humanitaires.

    « D’importants progrès comme la réouverture de nombreuses écoles ainsi qu’un accès amélioré à l’eau et la santé ont été réalisés. La poursuite du redéploiement de l’Autorité de l’État est cependant essentielle pour consolider ces acquis et renforcer les actions de relèvement et de résilience avec l’appui des organisations humanitaires et de développement », a souligné M. Lanzer. Sur le terrain, il a constaté des améliorations grâce au redéploiement d’une partie du personnel des services techniques de l’État et au soutien des organisations humanitaires. Toutefois, ces avancées se font moins sentir dans les zones où l’insécurité persiste et entravent les activités, ce qui maintient les communautés dans une grande vulnérabilité et précarité.

    La mission de M. Lanzer arrive juste après la tournée au Nord de la Coordonnatrice humanitaire pour le Mali, Mme Mbaranga Gasarabwe, qui a effectué une visite à Tombouctou, Gao et Kidal dans le but d’évaluer les besoins et les défis sur le terrain, ainsi que le contexte dans lequel travaillent les acteurs humanitaires.

    « La signature de l’Accord de paix et sa mise en œuvre par toutes les parties devraient permettre d’étendre encore l’accès humanitaire pour répondre aux besoins urgents, tout en travaillant avec les autorités à renforcer la capacité des communautés à se reprendre en main », a indiqué Mme Mbaranga Gasarabwe. « Au cours des prochains mois, l’amélioration attendue des conditions sécuritaires sera un facteur-clé pour assurer l’accès des populations aux services essentiels », a-t-elle ajouté.

    À travers leurs efforts concertés, les acteurs humanitaires au pays sont venus en aide à plus d’un million et demi de personnes l’an dernier. Les systèmes d'alimentation en eau et en électricité dans les principaux centres urbains ont aussi pu être réhabilités grâce à l’appui des partenaires du secteur de la stabilisation.

    Cependant, d’importants besoins demeurent, notamment pour garantir l’accès à l’eau en zones rurales et à Kidal, et éviter que la santé des populations et l’état du cheptel se dégradent. L’appui à la prochaine saison agricole est essentiel garantir la sécurité alimentaire des ménages.

    « Les jeunes, les femmes et les leaders communautaires que j’ai rencontrés ont tous une vision pour l’avenir de la société à laquelle ils veulent participer. Le Mali est à un tournant de son histoire et les autorités doivent rester pleinement engagées pour saisir cette opportunité. En même temps, la communauté internationale doit redoubler son soutien pour aider les populations à accéder à la paix, à la justice et au développement durable qu’elles attendent » a affirmé M. Lanzer.

    Le plan de réponse des organisations humanitaires au Mali – Agences des Nations Unies et ONG – se chiffre à 354 millions de dollars cette année et comporte un volet crucial destiné au renforcement de la capacité de résilience des communautés.

    Contacts pour les médias :
    Berenice Van Den Driessche, OCHA Dakar, vandendriessche@un.org, +221 77 333 91 95 Anouk Desgroseilliers, OCHA Bamako, desgroseilliers@un.org, +223 7599 57 61


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    Source: Global Humanitarian Assistance programme (Development Initiatives), Start Network
    Country: Nigeria

    1. Key points

     According to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA)’s Financial Tracking Service (FTS), donors committed/contributed US$155.5 million of humanitarian assistance to Nigeria in 2015.i

     The 2015 UN-coordinated Strategic Response Plan (SRP) for Nigeria requested US$100.3 million from donors to respond to the crisis. The appeal was 58% funded at US$57.9 million; a further US$97.5 million was contributed or committed outside the appeal.

     The 2016 UN-coordinated Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) for Nigeria requests US$248 million, of which US$0.7 million has been contributed so far.

     In 2014, a contribution of US$0.2 million was made by the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) towards reinforcing preparedness and emergency response to epidemicprone diseases (Cholera and Lassa fever) in high risk states of Nigeria.

     There are no country-based pooled funds for Nigeria.

     Around one third of humanitarian funding to Nigeria in 2015 was channelled through UN agencies as first-level recipients; 24% was channelled through non-governmental organisations (NGOs).


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    Source: UN Human Rights Council
    Country: Nigeria

    Abuja, 22 January 2016

    Members of the press,
    Ladies and gentlemen,

    Today we have completed a five day-visit to Nigeria to examine measures taken by the Government of Nigeria to assist in the rehabilitation and reintegration of women and children who escaped or were liberated from Boko Haram captivity.

    During our five-day visit, we exchanged views with a number of interlocutors including representatives from the ministries, departments and agencies, namely, ministries of women and social affairs, health, justice and foreign affairs; and Office of the National Security Adviser, Nigerian Police Force, National Emergency Management Agency, Borno State Emergency Management Agency, the Victims Support Fund as well as the National Human Rights Commission, and members of the National Assembly. We also exchanged with the diplomatic community, civil society, including some of the parents of the missing Chibok girls and relevant UN agencies both in Abuja and Maiduguri. We visited the Dalori, Teachers village and Gubio IDP camps in Maiduguri and Kuje Prison De-radicalization Programme. We are very grateful to the women and children who graciously and generously shared their stories with us and the brave civil society groups that continue to work under very challenging conditions. We are also thankful to the Government of Nigeria for their cooperation and openness to discuss as well as the UNCT in Abuja and Maiduguri for facilitating this visit, in particular the Human Rights Adviser to the UN Country Team. We are very grateful to the women and children who graciously and generously shared their stories with us and the brave civil society groups that continue to work under very challenging conditions. We are also thankful to the Government of Nigeria for their cooperation and openness to discuss as well as to the UNCT in Abuja and Maiduguri for facilitating this visit, in particular the Human Rights Adviser to the UN Country Team.

    We commend the initiatives taken so far by the Government to address the rehabilitation and reintegration of women and children. In particular, we welcome the robust legal and institutional frameworks, which exist in the country and which the State is building upon. They provide a solid basis for responding to the current challenges.

    Yet, gaps remain in implementing policies and enforcing laws in a manner that makes a real difference in the lives of all, especially women and children affected by the insecurity and violence in the Northeast.

    We have learnt of much progress in the management of IDPs camps and service delivery for displaced persons both in camps and host communities. The generosity of the host communities should be commended as, currently, an overwhelming number of IDPs, about 90%, reside in host communities. More efforts must be made to ensure that reintegration and rehabilitation programmes leave no one behind, wherever they may have settled. Health systems must be strengthened, so as to meet the physical and mental health needs of both the displaced and the host communities, in particular those of girls and women victims of sexual violence.

    During our visits to camps in Maiduguri, we witnessed first-hand the health and social impacts of the conflict. We met with women and girls who reported limited access to services including adequate nutritious food, psychosocial support, education, and health, including sexual and reproductive health services.

    In particular, efforts by the Government and international partners to provide skills development and livelihood opportunities, to ensure economic empowerment and to secure access to decent work should be increased. This will go a long way in ensuring IDPs have the necessary skills and the opportunities to build normal lives as well as integrate in their former or new communities. We welcome the computerized registration and profiling of displaced persons. This is a good step in the right direction and should be accompanied with a tracking system for follow up, particularly, women and children subjected to gendered specific violence. Also, whilst in the camps, we saw the high number of unaccompanied children who face specific vulnerabilities and risks, such as sexual exploitation. We hope that current and future measures for the region pay specific attention to the needs of these children.

    A protection gap is evident, especially in service delivery and access to justice for women and girls victims of Boko Haram. Real and concerted efforts are needed at the Federal and State levels to secure accountability and address impunity for sexual violence, including child and forced marriage. Furthermore, the right of victims to a just and effective remedy is paramount to their recovery and reintegration.

    As the region transits from relief to recovery, it is important to ensure that rehabilitation and reintegration measures are grounded in human rights norms and take into consideration the regional impact of the conflict on women and children. These measures must aim to fundamentally transform society for the better while addressing the immediate needs of women and girls. They must also address root causes especially discrimination, deprivation, exclusion and gender inequality.

    In this regard, the development of policies, frameworks and other measures must be participatory and based on consultations with the affected population. This should include forward planning in order to manage the possible future consequences for children, in particular boys associated with the Civilian Joint Task Forces (CJTF). Government policies must be well resourced and backed by political will in order to avoid the fate of previous initiatives aimed at addressing inequality.

    There is also an urgent and pressing need for effective measures to address stigma, ostracism and rejection of women and children who have been associated with Boko Haram because of their captivity by their families and communities. Efforts at community cohesion, peacebuilding and reconciliation must start now and accelerate as people begin to return from displacement.

    While we note the efforts of the Government to locate and liberate all missing persons in the context of the conflict and the investigation launched, the lack of information on the steps taken to find abducted persons, including the Chibok girls, and document cases of kidnappings and abductions remains a source of major concern.

    The education and the health sectors have been the most affected. Health workers working on family planning and providing lifesaving immunization services, together with teachers, have been killed, kidnapped and their families threatened. Hospitals and schools have been burnt down and ransacked and schools are used to house IDPs. It is critical to ensure that all school sites are reopened promptly and all children, in particular girls are able to access free and quality primary education without fear.

    The current comprehensive approach to addressing challenges in the North East provides a good opportunity not only to reintegrate women and children affected by Boko Haram but also to strengthen the health and educational sectors which are crucial for peace, security and sustainable development in Nigeria.

    Effective collection of disaggregated data both in the context of screening for various programmes, including in countering violent extremism, remains both a challenge and an urgent priority. The prison based programme is complex with key areas where it needs improvement and support. More assistance from all partners including in the collection of reliable and timely human rights information remains crucial. The strengthening of the existing independent human rights monitoring linked to national mechanisms should also be a priority.

    We will present a report on this visit to the UN Human Rights Council in the course of 2016.

    Thank you.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan

    PERSONNES DANS LE BESOIN 2,3M

    NOV 2015

    Quatre crises majeures affectent directement 3,9 millions de personnes au Tchad. Plus de la moitié d’entre elles, soit 2,3 millions de personnes dont 51% de femmes ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire dans plusieurs secteurs.

    Plus de 3,4 millions de personnes sont affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, dont 663 000 en insécurité alimentaire sévère. 550 000 personnes sont directement affectées par les mouvements de population incluant les réfugiés, retournés et déplacés internes dont 55% de femmes et 60% d’enfants de moins de 18 ans.

    La situation sanitaire est caractérisée par la prévalence de maladies à potentiel épidémique telles que le choléra et la rougeole et d’autres maladies comme le paludisme dans un pays où l’accès aux soins de santé est faible. Enfin, les catastrophes naturelles (inondations, sécheresse, ennemis des cultures) sont récurrentes et de plus en plus fréquentes et pourraient toucher jusqu’à 2,7 millions de personnes.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan

    APERÇU DE LA CRISE

    Quatre crises majeures affectent directement 3,9 millions de personnes au Tchad parmi lesquelles 2,3 millions ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire, dont plus de la moitié de femmes.

    Crise alimentaire et nutritionnelle

    Plus de 3,4 millions de personnes sont affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition, parmi elles 1,6 million ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire dont 663 000 (5%) ont besoin d’une assistance humanitaire d’urgence. A cela s’ajoutent 600 000 retournés et réfugiés qui ont toujours besoin d’une assistance alimentaire. La situation nutritionnelle est également préoccupante avec une prévision de près de 400 000 enfants atteints de malnutrition aigüe modérée (MAM) et plus de 320 000 enfants atteints de malnutrition aigüe sévère (MAS) pour 2016 nécessitant une prise en charge nutritionnelle urgente.

    Mouvements de populations

    Près de 650 000 personnes seront directement affectées par les mouvements de population incluant les réfugiés, retournés et personnes déplacés internes (PDI) dont 55% de femmes et 60% d’enfants de moins de 18 ans. Ces mouvements de population sont liés aux conflits dans les pays voisins – Soudan, République Centrafricaine (RCA), Nigéria, et aux opérations militaires au Tchad dans la région du Lac. Les personnes déplacées vivent dans des camps, sites ou parmi des communautés hôtes qui sont estimées à 638 000 personnes ayant également besoin d’une assistance humanitaire. Les personnes déplacées depuis moins d’une année présentent généralement une vulnérabilité accrue et ont des besoins multisectoriels urgents (abris, articles ménagers essentiels, sécurité alimentaire, eau, hygiène et assainissement, éducation, protection, santé et nutrition) alors que les réfugiés de longue durée et les retournés Tchadiens de la RCA ont besoin de solutions durables pour leur autonomisation et intégration.

    Urgences sanitaires

    La situation sanitaire est caractérisée par la prévalence de maladies à potentiel épidémique telles que le choléra et la rougeole et d’autres maladies comme le paludisme dans un pays où l’accès aux soins de santé est limité en raison de la faiblesse du système de santé. Au premier semestre 2015, près de 390 000 personnes avaient été atteintes de paludisme ou de rougeole. La faible couverture vaccinale est un facteur de vulnérabilité supplémentaire, notamment pour les femmes, les enfants, les populations nomades et les populations déplacées.

    Catastrophes naturelles

    Les catastrophes naturelles (inondations, sécheresse, ennemis des cultures) sont récurrentes et de plus en plus fréquentes et pourraient toucher jusqu’à 2,7 millions de personnes. Elles ont un impact négatif sur la production agricole et les moyens de subsistance et ce qui accroit la vulnérabilité des communautés sinistrées en limitant l’accès aux services sociaux de base et à l’éducation.


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    Source: African Development Bank
    Country: Senegal

    La Banque africaine de développement (BAD) et le Sénégal ont signé le 22 janvier 2016 à Dakar, un accord de prêt d’un montant de 120,81 millions d’euros (soit 80 milliards de francs CFA) en appui à un projet dont le montant total s’élève à 361,15 millions d’euros (soit environ 237 milliards francs CFA). Il s’agit de la réhabilitation de la route nationale n°2 et de désenclavement de l’île à Morphil (490 km de la capitale), dans le cadre d’un projet intégré combinant infrastructure routière et appui aux activités des populations locales.

    Les cosignataires étaient le représentant résident de la Banque dans le pays, Mamadou Lamine Ndongo et le ministre de l’Economie, des Finances et du Plan du Sénégal, Amadou Bâ. L’on notait la présence, à la cérémonie, de son homologue sénégalais des Infrastructures, des Transports Terrestres et du Désenclavement, Mansour Elimane Kane.

    La RN2 constitue un axe stratégique permettant l’interconnexion entre le corridor Dakar-Bamako et la route Eurafricaine (Dakar – Nouakchott – Tanger – Madrid). Le projet va réduire l’isolement des populations vivant dans cette région située au Nord du Sénégal : l’île à Morphil qui est une zone avec de grandes potentialités agricoles et où les populations éprouvent d'énormes difficultés dans leurs déplacements et leurs échanges. Le développement de cette zone est freiné par son enclavement et nécessite la construction d’infrastructures routières, pour assurer la continuité territoriale de cette région avec le reste du pays. Le projet s’intègre dans deux programmes du gouvernement sénégalais : le Programme national d’autosuffisance en riz et le Programme zéro bac pour le désenclavement.

    Les autorités sénégalaises et la BAD ont adopté une approche intégrée afin de maximiser l’impact du projet sur le développement local. En plus des travaux routiers (337 Km de routes bitumés à réhabiliter et aménagement et bitumage de 287 km) et des ponts de franchissement des bras de fleuve, le projet prévoit l’aménagement de 100 km de pistes rurales connexes, le renforcement de l’axe Taredji-Podor et l’aménagement de 12 km de voiries dans les villes de Podor, Matam et Bakel.

    Parallèlement à ces travaux d’infrastructures routières le projet prévoit la réhabilitation d'infrastructures socioéconomiques de base : écoles, structures de santé et forage d’alimentation en eau. Un important volet est également destiné aux femmes, avec la construction de plateformes multifonctionnelles dont les équipements sont destinées à alléger les tâches quotidiennes, combinant accès à l’eau, à l’électricité, espace d’échange et de stockage de produits, appareil de transformation du grain etc.

    Enfin, le projet contribuera à l’insertion professionnelle des jeunes diplômés sur le marché du travail, à travers le recrutement, sur une base concurrentielle, de jeunes ingénieurs sans emploi et leurs placements sur les chantiers du projet auprès des entreprises et des bureaux de contrôle des travaux.

    Le représentant résident de la Banque, a souligné l’importance toute particulière que le Groupe de la BAD accorde à la réussite de ce projet dont le montant du financement représente l’une des contributions les plus élevées apportées par la BAD au Sénégal. De son côté, le ministre des Finances, a tenu a rappelé le dynamisme et la diversité de la coopération entre son pays et l’institution financière panafricaine. Il a notamment souligné l’appui de la Banque dans la mise en œuvre du Plan Sénégal Emergent (PSE), dans lequel ce projet à été défini comme prioritaire pour la période 2014-2018.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Nigeria

    22 January 2016– Three United Nations human rights experts today called on the Government of Nigeria to assist in the rehabilitation and reintegration of women and children who escaped or were liberated from Boko Haram captivity.

    “As the region transits from relief to recovery, it is important to ensure that rehabilitation and reintegration measures are grounded in human rights norms and take into consideration the impact of the regional conflict on women and children,” said the UN Special Rapporteurs on sale of children, Maud de Boer-Buquicchio; on contemporary forms of slavery, Urmila Bhoola; and on right to health, Dainius Puras, at the end of an official visit to Nigeria.

    “These measures must aim to fundamentally transform society for the better while addressing the immediate needs of women and girls,” the experts stressed. “They must also address root causes especially discrimination, deprivation, exclusion and gender inequality.”

    The Special Rapporteurs commended the initiatives taken so far by the Government, but cautioned that “gaps remain in implementing policies and enforcing laws in a manner that makes a real difference in the lives of all, especially women and children affected by the insecurity and violence in the Northeast.”

    Noting the progress made in the management of internally displaced persons (IDPs) camps, they called for further efforts to ensure that reintegration and rehabilitation programmes leave no one behind, wherever they may have settled. “In particular, health systems must be strengthened, so as to meet the physical and mental health needs of both the displaced and the host communities,” the experts stated.

    “During our visits to camps in Maiduguri, we witnessed first-hand the health and social impacts of the conflict. We met with women and girls who reported limited access to services including adequate nutritious food, psychosocial support, education, and health including sexual and reproductive services,” they said.

    The Special Rapporteurs called on the Government and international partners to provide skills development and livelihood opportunities in order to ensure economic empowerment and secure access to decent work. “This will go a long way in ensuring IDPs have the necessary skills and the opportunities to re-build their lives as well as integrate in their former or new communities,” they noted.

    “A protection gap is evident especially in the service delivery and access to justice for women and girls victims of Boko Haram,” the experts stated. “Real and concerted efforts are needed at the Federal and State levels to secure accountability and address impunity for sexual violence, including child and forced marriage.”

    “We would also welcome more information, at an appropriate time and bearing in mind security considerations, on the steps taken to locate and rescue all victims of abduction by Boko Haram, in particular the schoolgirls from Chibok,” they said.

    Meanwhile, they stressed the urgent and pressing need for effective measures to address stigma, ostracism and rejection of women and children associated with Boko Haram by their families and communities. “Efforts at community cohesion, peacebuilding and reconciliation must start now and accelerate as people begin to return from displacement,” they warned.

    The Special Rapporteurs also noted that “the current comprehensive approach to addressing challenges in the North East provides a good opportunity not only to reintegrate women and children affected by Boko Haram but also to strengthen the health and educational sectors which are crucial for peace, security and sustainable development in Nigeria.”

    During their five-day official visit to Nigeria, the human rights experts met with representatives from various Ministries, the Parliament and other public bodies, as well as civil society and relevant UN agencies. They also visited IDP camps and the De-radicalization Programme, and met with some of the parents of the missing Chibok girls.

    The Special Rapporteurs will present a report on this visit to the UN Human Rights Council in the course of 2016.

    Independent experts or special rapporteurs are appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a country situation or a specific human rights theme. The positions are honorary and the experts are not UN staff, nor are they paid for their work.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tajikistan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    PROJECTED FOOD ASSISTANCE NEEDS FOR JULY 2016*

    This brief summarizes FEWS NET’s most forward-looking analysis of projected emergency food assistance needs in FEWS NET coverage countries. The projected size of each country’s acutely food insecure population (IPC Phase 3 and higher) is compared to last year and the recent five-year average and categorized as Higher ( p), Similar ( u), or Lower ( q). Countries where external emergency food assistance needs are anticipated are identified. Projected lean season months highlighted in red indicate either an early start or an extension to the typical lean season. Additional information is provided for countries with large food insecure populations, an expectation of high severity, or where other key issues warrant additional discussion. Analytical confidence is lower in remote monitoring countries, denoted by “RM”. Visit www.fews.net for detailed country reports.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Somalia


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