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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Cameroon

    13 janvier 2016 – Le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, a condamné mercredi un attentat suicide meurtrier dans le village de Kouyape, dans la région de l'Extrême Nord du Cameroun, au moment de la prière du matin à la mosquée.

    « L'attentat, perpétré par des éléments présumés de Boko Haram, a causé la mort d'environ 13 personnes, y compris l'imam, et fait de nombreux blessés », a dit le porte-parole du Secrétaire général dans une déclaration à la presse.

    Ban Ki-moon a présenté ses sincères condoléances aux familles des victimes et au gouvernement et au peuple du Cameroun, et a souhaité un prompt rétablissement aux personnes blessées dans l'attentat.

    « Le Secrétaire général demande de nouveau une approche globale en matière de prévention et de lutte contre le fléau du terrorisme, et de traiter ses causes profondes, en conformité avec les droits humains, le droit humanitaire et le droit des réfugiés », a ajouté le porte-parole.

    Le chef de l'ONU s'est félicité de la tenue le 1er février 2016 à Addis-Abeba de la Conférence des donateurs de l'Union africaine afin de mobiliser des ressources pour la Force multinationale conjointe (MNJTF) destinée à lutter contre le groupe terroriste Boko Haram.

    « Il encourage un plein soutien à cette initiative », a dit son porte-parole.


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    Source: Terre des hommes Foundation Child Relief
    Country: Mali

    C’est avec sérénité et une immense envie de poursuivre son voyage vers la vie que Fatoumata a atterri à l’aéroport international de Genève en provenance du Mali. Âgée de 10 ans, la jeune fille est la première enfant malienne atteinte de cardiopathie à bénéficier du programme des soins spécialisés de Terre des hommes (Tdh) en Suisse.

    Un accueil chaleureux

    Fatoumata vit dans une famille de 13 enfants dans la région de Kayes. Son cœur est malade depuis sa naissance. Pour être plus proche d’un hôpital, elle a dû abandonner l’école et rejoindre son oncle à Bamako, la capitale malienne. Après avoir été identifiée par notre équipe locale, la jeune fille a pu s’envoler pour un séjour médical de trois mois dans le cadre du programme des soins spécialisés de Tdh.

    Accueillie par une équipe de Tdh à sa descente de l’avion, quelle ne fut pas sa surprise de pouvoir parler en “Bambara”, sa langue maternelle, avec l’un d’entre eux. Rassurée, elle articule timidement «Mes parents sont restés au Mali avec mes frères et sœurs. Chez moi, j’étais inscrite dans une école coranique. Mais à cause de ma maladie, je ne pouvais plus y aller. Je me réjouis d’être bientôt en bonne santé».

    Loin du soleil de Bamako, Fatoumata, blottie dans son pull-over noir, a encore sommeil. Sur le chemin des premiers examens médicaux, la curiosité finit par prendre le dessus. Calmement, elle contemple le paysage. Arrivée à l’hôpital à Aigle, elle se laisse émerveiller par une statue du Père Noël, malgré la présence des médecins et des infirmières. Après les contrôles, la fillette sera opérée aux HUG de Genève avant de poursuivre sa convalescence à la Maison de Massongex. Une prise en charge chirurgicale indispensable

    Au Mali, le programme des soins spécialisés de Tdh se déroule en partenariat avec l’Hôpital mère-enfant «Le Luxembourg» à Bamako, l’un des plus grands dans le pays et qui possède aussi un service cardiologique pour enfants. «Nous remercions Tdh d’être venue nous soutenir au moment où nous en avions le plus besoin. Le nombre d’enfants atteints de cardiopathie et qui nécessitent des soins augmente constamment», déclare le Professeur Diarra Bocary, Directeur de l’Hôpital mère-enfant de Bamako.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 1/14/2016 - 16:18 GMT

    A Nigerian Shiite Muslim group on Thursday said more than 700 of its members were unaccounted for, nearly a month after clashes with the army in the northern city of Zaria.

    "In our list there are about 730 people, men and women, who are still missing, since that fateful Saturday December 12, 2015," spokesman for the Islamic Movement of Nigeria (IMN), Ibrahim Musa, in an emailed statement.

    "These missing people were either killed by the army or are in detention" but their "whereabouts are still unknown and undisclosed".

    Some 220 IMN members were in Kaduna city prison, while others were reportedly in military custody elsewhere in Kaduna state, the northeastern state of Bauchi and the capital, Abuja, he added.

    The violence was sparked when a makeshift road block erected during a religious procession blocked the convoy of Nigeria's chief of army staff, General Tukur Yusuf Buratai.

    The army later claimed Zakzaky's supporters tried to assassinate the general, a charge denied by the group. The cleric's house and the IMN mosque were destroyed in resulting clashes.

    There has been no official death toll but Human Rights Watch has said at least 300 people were killed. The army has denied the claim, calling it "unsubstantiated".

    The leader of the pro-Iranian IMN, Ibrahim Zakzaky, was injured in the attack, with the state of his health and whereabouts a source of tension for followers.

    But Musa said a delegation from the National Supreme Council for Islamic Affairs -- an umbrella group of Muslim bodies in Nigeria -- had visited the cleric and his wife in Abuja.

    The IMN called for his unconditional release and for the government to respond to what it said were the "unjustifiable atrocities committed by the army that led to his arrest".

    Musa said no family had received a body for burial in the weeks since the unrest.

    HRW's senior Nigeria researcher Mausi Segun said the lack of response from the government was "disturbing" and had echoes of the start of Boko Haram insurgency in 2009.

    "If there's no justice or if there's no accountability for what happened, I fear that we might be looking at a new militant group," she told AFP.

    abu-sf-phz/har

    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • Due to ongoing extreme violence and continued displacements the food security situation in the Lake Chad region remains critical. The latest estimates indicate that across the Lake Chad region, a total of 5.6 million people are moderately or severely food insecure due to the ongoing insecurity and massive displacements into the border areas of Chad, Niger and Cameroon.

    • Against this backdrop WFP’s operations in the region continue through 2016, and operational response across the affected countries will be adapted to recent assessment findings and pressing needs in the respective countries.

    • A Pop Up Hub has been established in N’Djamena, Chad, for operational surge support and coordination.

    Situation Update

    • As extreme violence and tensions in northeast Nigeria continue, so do the displacements of populations into border countries. Village raids and attacks are not only destroying homes and livelihoods, but also hampering the return of populations.

    • The most recent food security assessments have found that there are 4 million people who are moderate to severely food insecure in northeastern Nigeria, an increase compared to the previous analysis. Whilst there are 148,000 persons in Diffa (Niger), 116,000 persons in affected regions of Chad and 1.4 million persons in the worst-affected areas of Far North Cameroon who are considered moderately to severely food insecure.

    • The crisis has exacerbated the food insecurity of populations in countries which are already extremely vulnerable to shocks. All four affected countries are ranked among the last 20 percent of the recently published Human Development Report (2015).

    • Furthermore, assessments continue to show that people fleeing the escalating violence have left their productive assets behind, compromising their livelihoods and consequently disrupting agricultural production.
      As traditional trade links remain disrupted, commercial activities that sustain local and regional economies are increasingly limited.


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    Source: Pulitzer Center
    Country: Nigeria

    Jason Motlagh

    Maryam was strolling to her family’s farm in the rocky hills behind the northeastern Nigerian town of Gwoza when two Boko Haram fighters blocked her path. The insurgents had overrun the area several months before, ransacking food stores and conscripting young men at gunpoint into raiding homes to extend their control across the region. Women were dragged away to remote camps, where they were subjected to forced marriage and rape; some were even brainwashed into becoming suicide bombers. The 20-year-old mother of two had so far kept clear of the militants’ wrath, but on this day, the men each took turns raping her while the other held a machete blade against her neck. Maryam begged to be let go, but she knew resisting could mean death.

    Read the full article here


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    Source: UN Security Council
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Niger, Nigeria

    SC/12201  

    7604th Meeting (PM)  

    Briefing the Security Council today, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for West Africa painted a mixed picture of the situation in the region, noting the completion of peaceful elections in several nations, as well as the continuing threats of terrorism, drug trafficking and organized crime.

    Mohamed ibn Chambas, who is also head of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA), presented the 15-member body with the latest report of the Secretary-General on UNOWA’s activities (document S/2015/1012. He said peaceful, credible elections had been held in several nations of the region over the last six months, and presidential polls were slated for 2016 in Benin, Cabo Verde, Gambia, Ghana and Niger. Dialogue must prevail in resolving all election-related issues.

    In Burkina Faso, the transitional institutions had ensured the timely holding of presidential and legislative polls, notwithstanding challenges following a failed coup d’état in September, he said. The inauguration of President Roch Marc Christian Kaboré marked a successful end to the transition period. Meanwhile, in Guinea, thanks to a dialogue process supported by the United Nations in coordination with regional and international actors, presidential elections were held in line with constitutional deadlines, an important milestone in the country’s process of democratic consolidation.

    Peaceful elections had also been held in Côte d’Ivoire, resulting in the re-election of incumbent President Alassane Ouattara. And he was encouraged by the establishment of a new Government in Nigeria and its commitment to actively combating corruption.

    Nevertheless, he stressed, violent extremism and terrorist activities remained a major threat to security and development in the region, further aggravating humanitarian challenges. Despite some progress in the fight against Boko Haram, the terrorist group continued its indiscriminate attacks against civilians not only in Nigeria, but also in Niger, Chad and Cameroon. Countries of the region had intensified counter-terrorism efforts as a response and had improved cooperation in areas such as intelligence sharing. As they responded to continued threats, however, he stressed that it was critical that nations adhere to international human rights, humanitarian and refugee laws; and that they address the root causes of insurgency.

    Describing recent progress in security sector reform, he went on to emphasize that drug trafficking and transnational organized crime continued to threaten the region. In that regard, he said he had recently chaired a meeting of the High-Level Policy Committee of the West Africa Coast Initiative, and noted the commitment of countries in the region to combat the “scourge” of drug trafficking and organized crime.

    Regrettably, progress had been slower in the area of maritime security in the Gulf of Guinea, he said. The Inter-regional Coordination Centre in Yaoundé was still not fully operational, and the Coordination Centre covering Togo, Benin, Niger and Nigeria had yet to receive staff, funding and equipment.

    Finally, he said, there had been no more active Ebola cases in the region. The task at hand was now one of rehabilitating essential services, as the epidemic had dramatically unveiled the fragility of the region’s national health systems and highlighted the importance of effective governance.

    The meeting began at 3:04 p.m. and ended at 3:16 p.m.

    For information media. Not an official record.


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    Source: World Bank
    Country: Mali

    STORY HIGHLIGHTS

    • Cattle traders in the rural region of Sikasso in southern Mali have boosted their incomes by adopting new cattle fattening techniques.

    • Training and financial support from a World Bank agricultural project enabled traders to build fences, sheds, and troughs on their lots.

    • Thanks to these improvements, they are able to fatten their herds in healthier and more sanitary conditions and obtain better quality meat.
      Adama Togola President of the Cattle Buyers’ and Sellers’ Association in the Niena region.

    In his late sixties, this businessman was one of the early beneficiaries of the [Agricultural Competitiveness and Diversification Project (ACDP), which helped him learn and apply new cattle fattening techniques, and build infrastructure suited to his business. “The ACDP and the training sessions it provided helped me develop a feeding program to properly fatten cattle and maximize the profit margin of my business, and it worked!” he exclaimed.

    Since 2002, Mr. Togola has been fattening approximately 100 heads of cattle each year, currently securing a selling price of over 600,000 West African francs (CFAF) per head, compared to just CFAF 300,000 prior to the project. He believes that it is a win-win situation for both traders and consumers. With these new techniques, traders have more meat to sell, and consumers are provided a high quality meat for their money.

    Prior to the project’s implementation, Mr. Togola was practicing cattle fattening without a cowshed or feeding or water troughs. “I was trying to fatten them on my pastureland. When I heard about the ACDP, I approached project staff to request support to build a fence, a shed, and obtain a feeding trough for my animals,” he explained.

    ACDP support allowed Mr. Togola to build a 30 meter by 25 meter enclosure for his pasture land. He put up CFAF 3,600,000 and the project provided financing amounting to over CFAF 10 million. As a result of this improved infrastructure, he is now able to purchase many more heads of cattle when prices are attractive, and gradually fatten these cattle when market prices rise.

    Mr. Togola believes that this type of system helps build the confidence of commercial banks in cattle traders. Most actors in the cattle fattening and livestock industry find it difficult to secure a loan from banks as they are not able to meet all the required guarantees. However, local banks are more inclined to provide financing whenever they see that the livestock farmers and traders are heavily invested in their ventures, have the necessary equipment, and put up a small amount of capital.

    “Cattle these days are a prized resource. In the near future, the poorest will find it difficult to eat meat on a regular basis because prices are increasing significantly. In Bamako during Ramadan, one kilogram of meat costs more than CFAF 2,000,” noted Yeyande Kasse Sangho, Senior Agribusiness Specialist in charge of the ACDP project at the World Bank Country Office in Mali.

    The ACDP, which closed in June 2015, was designed to be a medium-term program aimed at promoting efficient and competitive commercial agriculture capable of providing high-value added products for domestic and foreign markets.


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    Source: UNOSAT
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali

    Analysis with GeoEye-1 Data Acquired 30 October 2015

    This map illustrates satellite detected shelters at the Goudoubou Refugee Camp in Seno Province, Burkina Faso, which hosts people from neighbouring Mali. As seen by the GeoEye-1 satellite on 30 October 2015, the camp contains a total of 2,669 structures within its 235.5 hectares. Of these structures, 476 are likely camp infrastructure buildings, 385 are improvised shelter structures, and 1,808 are identified as tent shelters. This is a preliminary analysis and has not yet been validated in the field. Please send ground feedback to UNITAR - UNOSAT.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Gambia

    OVERVIEW OF THE CRISIS

    Approximately 181,858 people (9.5 per cent of the total population) are estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance in The Gambia. This figure takes into account the food insecurity targets, which include 128,258 in phase 2 and 53,600 in Phase 3 classification of the Cadre Harmonize. While crop production levels have slightly improved compared to the last cropping season, they remain low compared to the last five year average. Affected households desperately require support to meet immediate food needs, restore livelihoods and enhance their resilience to future shocks and disasters.

    Persistent food insecurity needs With a population of roughly 2 million people, the country is considered a low-income with high poverty levels that contribute to the increasing vulnerability of its population to shocks - an estimated 71 per cent of the population lives below the US$2 per day, (2014 human development index)1 .

    Poverty is concentrated in rural areas, particularly among households headed by subsistence farmers and unskilled workers (79.3 per cent and 65.4 per cent, respectively). Of these rural poor, women account for over 50 per cent of the agricultural labour force and represent 70 per cent of unskilled labourers according to a recent study of the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)2 .
    Nearly 40 per cent of the population in The Gambia is below 15 years, 21 per cent between 15-24 years, and only 3.2 per cent above 65 years. This demographic trend contributes to a high dependency ratio.

    Drivers and underlying factors The Gambian agricultural sector is predominantly subsistence, rain fed with very little irrigation or use of improved seeds and fertilizers. Erratic and declining rainfall patterns due to climate change have made the agriculture sector very risky and food security a huge development challenge. Lack of diversification has also led to dependency on a single major cash crop (groundnuts), resulting to a more volatile exchange rate earnings. Cereal yields are generally low, with an average of roughly 1.5 tonnes/Ha compared to an estimated potential of 3-4 tonnes/Ha for cereals. For this reason, food self-sufficiency is relatively low, with an estimated national ratio of about 50 per cent of needs met and the remaining 50 per cent imported. A lack of supporting infrastructure (irrigation, roads, storage, research and development) has also created bottlenecks that limit the growth of the agriculture sector.
    All these factors including those highlighted in the graph above converge to contribute to persistent needs of food insecurity in The Gambia, particularly in West Coast, Upper River and North Bank Regions identified as the most affected by the Cadre Harmonize. Consequently, close to 200,000 people will require humanitarian assistance to meet their basic needs in 2016.

    High malnutrition

    The Gambia continues to face worrying trends of malnutrition among children under five and pregnant and lactating women. Preliminary findings from the Standardized Monitoring and Assessment of Relief Transitions (SMART) survey (October 2015)3 indicate that the national prevalence of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) currently stands at 10.4 percent [95% CI: 9.5 –11.5] and Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) at 2.0 percent [95% CI: 1.6 – 2.5]. These results are slightly high compared to the previous levels of 2012 SMART survey, which stood at 9.9 percent [95% CI: 8.8 – 10.8] GAM and SAM prevalence of 1.6 percent [95% CI: 1.2 – 2.0]. These are very worrying statistics highlighting a serious problem with malnutrition in the country.

    In this regard, an estimated 116,899 children under five and pregnant and lactating women are at risk of acute malnutrition. This is an increase of at least 32,776 persons compared to the 2015 estimates of 84,123 cases of Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM). The burden of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children under five is projected at 58,345, while severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is at 10,410; while the burden of malnourished pregnant and lactating women in the reproductive age group (15-49) is estimated at 47,789.

    Inadequate access to basic services

    Inadequate access to basic services is augmented by factors such as high unemployment rates, lack of women’s empowerment, and social exclusion of vulnerable groups such as people living with disabilities. Estimates done by the Labour Force Survey (LFS) indicate that unemployment rate stands at 29.2 per cent nationally, with the male and female unemployment rates at 20.9 per cent and 38.3 per cent respectively. There is a slight rural-urban difference in unemployment rates with the rural unemployment rate at 31.1 per cent versus 28.4 per cent for urban areas. The youth unemployment rate, defined as between the ages of 13 and 30, stood at 38 per cent and is increasingly seen as the cause for migration, particularly to Europe – an estimated 11,300 people left the country in 2014 While women play a major socio-economic role, they continue to face challenges including lack of access to education (high illiteracy), lack of sufficient access and equal opportunity to work, right to land and property (farmland and credit), low level of awareness of their rights and negative impact of harmful traditional practices such as forced and early marriage. The household chores also contribute to the disempowerment of women and girls as they affect girls’ access to education and women’s possibility to access decent work and remuneration.

    Disabled persons in The Gambia, especially women and children, are considered to be among the poorest and most marginalized strata of society and their condition is aggravated by mythical, social and cultural beliefs about persons living with disabilities. Negative social attitudes reinforce tendencies to exclude them from many social development programmes.

    The Gambia has an estimated population of 11,426 of refugees . UNHCR continues to provide humanitarian assistance to these populations although majority are now integrated in communities.

    Timeline of the crisis(see below)

    The food insecurity situation in The Gambia is influenced by various underlying factors that are chronic in nature and particularly affect the rural poor (crop producers). Notably, there has been deterioration in the ability of both rural and urban communities to cope due to recurrent shocks predominantly the SAHEL drought crisis of 2011/2012; whose impact continues to aggravate the food and nutrition security of the most vulnerable populations in the country. The last two agricultural seasons have also suffered shocks which had some impact on the household food security and in turn, affecting children’s nutrition as well as access to basic social services. For instance, the late and erratic rains during the planting season in 2014 led to a significant drop in crop production; whilst the Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) scare over the same period, led to a massive drop in tourism income which is a major foreign exchange earner for The Gambian economy.

    In 2015, the cropping season has witnessed late but heavy downpours compared to the last three years. This continuous heavy rainfall had some negative impact on crops such as early millet, maize and groundnut. Floods were also experienced across the country, especially the swampy ecologies of the Central River Regions, Upper River Region, Lower River Region and North Bank Region. Most rice fields in the low lying areas along the river were flooded thereby hampering some cultivation activities.
    Furthermore, economic stagnation and local currency volatility has led to increases in commodity prices resulting in a greater percentage of household income being spent on food.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Selon l’aperçu des besoins humanitaires (HNO 2015), 2.3 millions de personnes sont actuellement en besoin d’assistance en RCA. Les zones de priorité élevée identifiées restent la préfecture de l’Ouham et les sous-préfectures de Mbrès, Boda, Bambari, et Kouango.


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    Source: International Peace Institute
    Country: Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Guinea, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, South Africa, South Sudan, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, World

    By Ryan Cummings

    Akin to its physical landscape, the political environment of Sub-Saharan Africa in 2015 varied greatly from country to country. On a positive note, elections in politically polarized countries such as Nigeria, Tanzania, Guinea, and Cote d’Ivoire concluded relatively peacefully, despite the shadow of political violence looming large. Burkina Faso, which entered the year in political limbo following the ousting of long-serving president Blaise Compaoré, also elected its first democratic government, thwarting a coup attempt by the deposed leader’s presidential guard in the process.

    In another encouraging development, 2015 also marked the nadir of the West African Ebola outbreak, which killed more than 11,000 people since the virus was first reported in the region in early 2012. Just today, the World Health Organization declared Liberia—the last affected country—Ebola-free.

    However, while last year saw Sub-Saharan Africa overcome a number of important challenges, it also saw the continuation and often the creation of social, political, and economic obstacles that will define the continent’s security outlook in 2016.

    In West Africa, 2015 saw the threat posed by Islamist extremist groups both evolve and expand across the region. This was best exemplified by developments linked to Boko Haram, which not only pledged its allegiance to the so-called Islamic State (ISIS)—becoming that group’s largest affiliate in the process—but also exported its insurgency outside of Nigeria’s borders. With punitive measures by Nigeria and its Lake Chad Basin neighbors expected to continue in the coming year, retaliatory attacks in the form of suicide bombings, kidnappings, and armed raids will likely persist, if not increase, in parts of Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger in 2016.

    Of particular concern is the possibility that Boko Haram will attempt to adopt the operating protocols of ISIS-affiliates elsewhere, targeting Western interests in the respective areas of operation. This year may also see groups affiliated with al-Qaeda continue to demonstrate their relevance in the international jihadi fraternity now dominated by ISIS and its various _wilayats_, or provinces. Mali’s desert north will likely remain the primary operational theater for al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb and its affiliates, for example. As demonstrated in 2015, further devastating attacks in the south of the country, including Bamako, are also possible, as is the expansion of militant activity to neighboring countries such as Mauritania, Niger, and Burkina Faso.

    Islamist extremism is also expected to remain a feature of East Africa’s security environment. However, the coming year may see the primary driver of that threat, al-Shabaab, being as much at war with itself as with its primary adversaries, namely the governments of Somalia, Kenya, and their African Union (AU) allies. A tug-of-war between ISIS and al-Qaeda for control of al-Shabaab leadership could see the movement fracture, pitting opposing factions against each other in a war for ideological and territorial supremacy. While this could potentially weaken al-Shabaab, it could also make the group deadlier, with opposing factions using acts of violence as a yardstick for gaining pre-eminence.

    In Central Africa, 2015 concluded with a fragile peace being forged in the conflict-ridden nations of South Sudan and the Central African Republic (CAR). In both of these, warring factions have committed to ceasefires and democratic processes aimed at finding a binding peace. However, the disparate and decentralized nature of their primary actors raises concerns as to the willingness to adhere to these processes. Furthermore, the devastating socioeconomic impacts of the wars could themselves serve as catalysts for chronic political instability and associated insecurity in 2016.

    While conflict may have declined by the end of the year in South Sudan and CAR, they certainly increased in Burundi. Pierre Nkurunziza’s re-election to an unprecedented third successive presidential term continues to incite violence against and in support of his regime. This unrest has killed 400 people, and displaced 220,000 others, since April 2015. With concerns that the country may be regressing to a civil war fought along ethnic and political lines, the AU has pledged to deploy a peacekeeping force mandated to protect civilians. This proposal has been vehemently rejected by Nkurunziza, who will likely persist in suppressing both opposition to his regime.

    In the Great Lakes, 2016 will more than likely be shaped by elections to be held in several states. The first poll is set for Uganda, where President Yoweri Museveni will face the greatest challenge to his near three-decade long rule on February 18th. The incumbent will find an opponent of equal political and financial clout in prominent businessman and fellow National Resistance Movement stalwart Amama Mbabazi, whom Museveni removed as prime minister in September 2014. Both camps have already accused the other of sponsoring militias to incite violence in the lead-up to the election. There are credible concerns that a win for either leader could have violent repercussions for Uganda.

    Landmark elections are also scheduled to take place in both the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and neighboring Republic of the Congo. While the outcome of these polls has the potential to shift the political trajectories of both countries, the period leading up to the elections will be equally defining, with Joseph Kabila in the DRC and Denis Sassou-Nguesso in the Republic of the Congo both seeking contentious third terms that will require constitutional amendments. Attempts to facilitate this have already seen, and will likely continue to see, both leaders face widespread and violent opposition.

    In southern Africa, faltering economic conditions brought about by dwindling oil prices, environmental conditions, and infrastructure carry the potential to catalyze civil unrest. Angola, whose peacetime economy was rebuilt almost solely off oil revenue, is facing rising inflation, a depreciating currency, and burgeoning unemployment as a result of the falling prices. The Angolan government, already beset by accusations of corruption, maladministration, and repression, may find it difficult to placate an increasingly vocal and frustrated citizenry should the economic downturn persist.

    In South Africa, finally, a combination of water and power shortages could also restrict economic growth, cut food production, and lead to job losses in sectors dependent on the provision of these resources. Apart from leading to an uptick in protest activity and increasing already substantial crime rates, the prevailing economic conditions could influence voting behavior in the country’s forthcoming municipal elections. Some analysts believe that a poor showing for the ruling African National Congress in the local elections could lead to the recalling of controversial president Jacob Zuma—a move which itself could see violent reprisals by his supporters.

    Originally Published in the Global Observatory


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    Source: UN Development Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso

    Résumé

    Pour mettre en œuvre des politiques ciblées de lutte contre la pauvreté, les décideurs politiques et les partenaires au développement ont souvent besoin d’informations géographiques désagrégées jusqu’au niveau des provinces, des communes et si possible des villages. En combinant des données d’enquêtes auprès des ménages qui fournissent des informations sur les dépenses de consommation, et des données de recensement qui ont l’avantage de l’exhaustivité en termes de couverture de la population, la cartographie de la pauvreté ou méthode d’estimation sur des petites surfaces permet de disposer de données géographiques fines sur la pauvreté.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon

    Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Friday 1/15/2016 - 14:22 GMT |

    Nigeria's Boko Haram Islamists have killed nearly 1,200 people in neighbouring Cameroon's far north since 2013, the communications minister in Yaounde said Friday.

    Issa Tchiroma Bakary told reporters that the group had staged 315 raids in the border region during this period and carried out 32 suicide bombings.

    "In total, 1,098 civilians, 67 of our soldiers and three police officials have been killed in these barbaric attacks by the Boko Haram terrorist group," Bakary said.

    Since July last year, Cameroon's far north has been hit by a series of attacks blamed on Boko Haram, which has pledged allegiance to the Islamic State group.

    This year, the number of attacks in the region has increased to a near daily basis with simultaneous incursions in some areas.

    "In the face of such unjustified and gratuitous harrassment our defence and security forces have inflicted heavy losses on the enemy," he said, adding that the group had been so weakened that it was now taking recourse to bomb attacks, often staged by women or girls.

    rek-mc/ach/ric


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    • IOM conducted the seventh round of DTM assessment from 9 November to 21 December 2015. 2,151,979 IDPs were identified in 13 states. Biometric registration was launched in Maiduguri.
    • IOM’s psychosocial mobile teams reached 6,502 people in December in Borno and Adamawa States, including counselling, recreational activities, sensitization on GBV, family visits and referrals.
    • IOM distributed 1,329 non-food items kits, and 828 kitchen sets in December in Borno and Adamawa States. 100 reinforced emergency shelters have been constructed to date in Borno, with more underway.

    Situation Overview

    IOM is the leading intergovernmental organization in the field of migration and works in four broad areas of migration management in Nigeria: migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration and addressing forced migration. Since July 2014, IOM has been providing humanitarian assistance to internally displaced persons (IDPs) affected by the Boko Haram insurgency in North East Nigeria.

    Since the beginning of 2014, the North East has witnessed an increase in violence, causing a major humanitarian crisis. The intensification of attacks by Boko Haram, as well as the counter-insurgency activities of the Nigerian government, has led to the displacement of more than two million individuals, with highest displacement in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States. Two years after the crisis began, and despite the fact that some IDPs have started to return home, the situation in the ground is dire and most of the affected population is yet to receive humanitarian assistance.

    In December 2015, more than 1600 people were transported from camps in Adamawa State back to Borno, their home state, with assistance from the Government. The majority of these people have been absorbed into existing formal camps in Maiduguri, the capital of Borno—still unable to return home, as their places of origin remain unstable. This has placed additional burden on basic facilities that were already stretched, including shelter, water and sanitation in those camps. As reflected in the latest rounds of DTM, there has also been a recent rise in the number and size of informal camps, especially in Yobe State. One contributing factor to this growth may be movement of people from rural areas towards larger villages and towns in search of food and services, which has been reported anecdotally. Conditions in informal camps in Yobe and elsewhere are extremely basic, with urgent need for frontline emergency response.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Algeria, Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    Diffa: Relocalisation de 99 écoles sur les 166 fermées

    Près de 50 pour cent des enfants ciblés sont retournés à l’école Lancé en novembre 2015, le programme de relocalisation de 166 écoles fermées à cause de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad est en exécution dans la région de Diffa. Ce programme vise à faciliter le retour à l’école de 12 631 enfants.

    Fin décembre, 99 écoles sur 166, soit 60 pour cent des écoles fermées étaient fonctionnelles. Au total, 5 913 enfants (2 784 garçons et 3 129 filles) ont pu retourner à l’école. L’exécution de ce plan pour le retour des enfants en classe est limité par l’insécurité résiduelle et les déplacements continus qu’elle engendre. Depuis novembre dernier, les attaques des membres du groupe Boko Haram ont forcé près de 100 000 personnes – retournés nigériens, réfugiés nigérians, personnes déplacées internes et population locale – à quitter les villages le long de la frontière avec le Nigéria dans le département de Bosso.

    Réponse des partenaires

    Le Gouvernement, appuyé par ses partenaires dont l’UNICEF, le PAM, l’UNHCR, l’OIM, COOPI, IRC, Plan International et Lux Développement, poursuit les actions pour que tous les enfants concernés aillent à l’école. En partenariat avec COOPI, l’UNICEF a permis la construction de 12 classes en matériaux définitifs et 5 classes d’urgence pour environ 3 300 enfants. En outre, l’UNICEF a contribué à la formation de 150 enseignants et 93 inspecteurs et conseillers pédagogiques en appui psycho social, dans la prévention et la prise en charge des violences basées sur le genre en milieu scolaire et en éducation en situation d’urgence. L’UNICEF a également fourni aux autorités 154 kits de fournitures scolaires. Un kit couvre les besoins de 40 élèves.

    L’UNHCR a construit trois classes en dur dans le camp de Sayam Forage et a mis en place quatre centres d’éducation à distance pour environ 500 collégiens nigérians dans la commune de Diffa. IRC a organisé des cours de mise à niveau en français et en mathématiques dans environ 85 écoles et offert des formations aux enseignants sur l’approche classes curatives1.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: Afrique Verte
    Country: Mali

    Pour les « Prix Producteurs »

    Les prix collectés ce mois de décembre 2015, nous indiquent que :

    • Riz Gambiaka: le prix le moins cher est 250 FCFA/kg enregistré à Siengo suivi de Sofara en région de Mopti et Niono avec 275, 300 à Dioro qui est le plus cher.

    • Riz Adny11 : il est vendu à 250 FCFA/kg à Siengo, 275 à Niono (Ségou) et 300 FCFA/kg à Baguinéda (Koulikoro).

    • Riz BG : il se vend entre 250 FCFA/kg à Sofara (Mopti) et 300 FCFA à Dioro (Ségou).

    • Riz Local étuvé : il est vendu à 400 FCFA/kg maximum à Niono, Siengo enregistre 350FCFA/Kg, 250 à Sofara (Mopti).

    • Paddy : les prix des différentes variétés se situent dans une fourchette de 125 à 161 FCFA/kg le prix dont le plus bas est enregistré à Siengo et le plus élevé à Tombouctou.

    • Les Semences : les prix ont évolué entre 275 FCFA/kg variété R2 en passant par 300 pour la R1 à Siengo et 335 variété BG et Wassa à Baguinéda.


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    Source: International Organization for Migration, Government of Chad, CCCM Cluster
    Country: Chad


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Burkina Faso

    Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso | AFP | vendredi 15/01/2016 - 22:27 GMT

    Le Burkina Faso, dont la capitale Ouagadougou faisait l'objet d'une attaque "terroriste" vendredi soir selon l'ambassade de France, a subi une première attaque d'un groupe armé qui a fait deux morts dans l'après-midi dans le nord du pays près de la frontière avec le Mali, selon un communiqué de l'armée.

    "Dans l'après-midi aux environs de 14H (locale et GMT), une vingtaine d'individus non identifiés lourdement armés ont perpétré une attaque contre des gendarmes en mission commandée dans le village de Tin Abao, localité située à une quarantaine de km de Tin Akoff à 40 km de Gorom-Gorom" (nord, près de la frontière avec le Mali) selon le texte, qui indique que le "bilan provisoire" est de "deux morts, un gendarme et un civil, et deux gendarmes blessés dont un grave".

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    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Burkina Faso

    Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso | AFP | samedi 16/01/2016 - 07:37 GMT | 805 mots

    par Romaric Ollo HIEN

    Des échanges de coups de feu se poursuivaient samedi matin à Ouagadougou entre forces de l'ordre et jihadistes qui ont attaqué vendredi soir un hôtel et un restaurant fréquentés par des Occidentaux, faisant au moins une vingtaine de morts et prenant des otages.

    A 06H40 (locales et GMT), les échanges de tirs, ponctués de petites détonations, se poursuivaient autour d'un café-restaurant, le Cappuccino, situé en face de l'hôtel Splendid, première cible de l'attaque jihadiste, revendiquée par Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique.

    Pendant ces échanges de tirs, des clients parvenaient à quitter l'hôtel Splendid, un établissement de luxe du centre de la capitale burkinabé, pris d'assaut par les forces de l'ordre juste avant 02H00.

    “C’est horrible, les gens étaient couchés et il y avait du sang partout. Ils tiraient sur les gens à bout portant", a expliqué à l'AFP Yannick Sawadogo, un des rescapés de l'hôtel.

    “On les entendait parler et ils marchaient autour des gens et tiraient encore sur des personnes qui n’étaient pas mortes. Et quand ils sont sortis, ils ont mis le feu", a-t-il ajouté.

    Vers 04h30, alors que l'assaut était en cours, un ministre burkinabè a annoncé que 30 personnes avaient pu sortir "saines et sauves" de l'hôtel et que 33 blessés avaient été évacués.

    Parmi les 30 rescapés figurait notamment le ministre du Travail Clément Sawadogo, présent à l'hôtel au moment de l'attaque, a déclaré à l'AFP le ministre de la Communication, Rémis Dandjinou.

    "Il y a des morts mais nous n'avons pas de chiffres", a ajouté M. Dandjinou.

    "Les différentes composantes des forces armées et de sécurité se sont réparti les missions", a indiqué de son côté l'ambassadeur de France Gilles Thibault, des militaires français prenant part aux opérations.

    Des forces spéciales françaises sont stationnées dans la banlieue de Ouagadougou dans le cadre de la lutte anti-jihadiste dans le Sahel. Washington dispose également de 75 militaires dans le pays, et a indiqué apporter un soutien aux forces françaises dans l'opération.

    Le Splendid, qui compte 147 chambres, est fréquemment utilisé par des Occidentaux et par du personnel des agences onusiennes.

    Des contrôles de sécurité étaient en place à l'entrée, mais n'ont pu empêcher l'irruption des assaillants vers 19h45, quand des tirs nourris et des détonations ont éclaté.

    Le commando a également visé un restaurant voisin, le Cappuccino, lui aussi prisé de la clientèle expatriée. "Sur la terrasse du Cappuccino, les sapeurs-pompiers ont vu une dizaine de cadavres", a déclaré à l'AFP le ministre de l'Intérieur Simon Compaoré, qui a indiqué que le nombre d'assaillants était encore incertain.

    Le directeur du principal hôpital de Ouagadougou a fait état d'un premier bilan global d'au moins "une vingtaine de morts". Il a cité une blessée selon laquelle il y avait parmi les morts "plus de Blancs que de Noirs".

    • Assaillants enturbannés - Un journaliste de l'AFP a pu distinguer au début de l'attaque trois hommes armés et enturbannés, un témoin indiquant de son côté avoir vu quatre assaillants "enturbannés et de type arabe ou blanc".

    Forces de l'ordre et secours ont bouclé le quartier, où une dizaine de voitures incendiées brûlaient dans la nuit. L'aéroport international de Ouagadougou, situé à un kilomètre du centre, a été fermé.

    L'attaque a été revendiquée par le groupe jihadiste Al-Qaïda au Maghreb Islamique (Aqmi), qui l'a attribuée au groupe Al-Mourabitoune du chef jihadiste Mokhtar Belmokhtar, rallié à Aqmi, selon SITE, une organisation américaine qui surveille les sites internet islamistes.

    L'ambassade de France avait évoqué très rapidement une "attaque terroriste", mettant en place un numéro d'urgence pour la communauté française. Le vol Air France Paris-Ouagadougou a été dérouté vers le Niger voisin.

    Cette attaque inédite dans la capitale burkinabè constitue un défi pour le pouvoir du président Roch Marc Christian Kaboré, récemment élu après une transition souvent chaotique à la tête de ce pays à la population majoritairement musulmane (60%).

    Le Burkina, "point d'appui permanent" de l'opération militaire française Barkhane, a par contre déjà été la cible d'opérations jihadistes.

    Une première attaque avait eu lieu vendredi après-midi dans le nord du pays, près de la frontière malienne, au cours de laquelle un gendarme et un civil ont été tués, a indiqué dans la soirée l'armée burkinabè.

    Plusieurs attaques de ce type ont eu lieu ces derniers mois. En avril 2015, le chef de sécurité roumain de la mine de manganèse de Tambao (nord) a été enlevé, une action revendiquée par Al-Mourabitoune. On est sans nouvelles de lui.

    L'opération de vendredi survient un peu moins de deux mois après celle de l'hôtel Radisson Blu à Bamako. Le 20 novembre, une attaque jihadiste avait fait 20 morts dont 14 étrangers dans la capitale malienne.

    Des hommes armés avaient retenu en otages pendant plusieurs heures environ 150 clients et employés, avant une intervention des forces maliennes, appuyées par des forces spéciales françaises et américaines et des agents de l'ONU. Deux assaillants avaient été tués.

    L'opération de Bamako a été revendiquée par deux groupes jihadistes: le 20 novembre par Al-Mourabitoune et le 22 novembre par le Front de libération du Macina (FLM, mouvement jihadiste malien).

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    © 1994-2016 Agence France-Presse


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