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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: International Crisis Group
    Country: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, China, Colombia, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Cyprus, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, India, Indonesia, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Iraq, Israel, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Mali, Mexico, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Russian Federation, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Tajikistan, Thailand, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of), World, Yemen, Zimbabwe

    October 2015 – Trends

    • Deteriorated situations
      Central African Republic, Israel/Palestine, Macedonia, Republic of Congo, South China Sea, Turkey

    • Improved situations
      Iran

    November 2015 – Watchlist
    - Conflict risk alerts
    Turkey

    • Conflict resolution opportunities

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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Niger

    HIGHLIGHTS

    Diffa Security Context

     The security situation in the Diffa region was calm during the reporting period, but remains volatile following the recent violent attacks. However, to date no staff or UN buildings have been attacked; the activities of UNHCR and of its implementing partners have returned to normal.

     Restrictions remain in place within the region including a ban on the use of vehicles from 8pm to 6am, a curfew from 10pm to 6am and the ban on the wearing of the hijab.

     The UNHCR field monitoring team reported a surge in panic amongst displaced populations and populations along the Komadougou River following the recent attacks in the region.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    DEVELOPPEMENTS MAJEURS

    • Le Représentant du HCR au Cameroun a effectué du 20 au 22 octobre, une visite dans la région de l’Extrême Nord, pour constater de visu le niveau de réponse à la situation des réfugiés, et marquer sa solidarité aux autorités et aux collègues face aux défis sécuritaires que leur impose le contexte actuel, marqué par des attentats suicides perpétrés dans différents localités de la région. A cet effet, le Représentant a rencontré les autorités administratives et traditionnelles avec lesquelles la problématique de l’eau au camp de Minawao et le projet d’adduction d’eau à partir de la vile de Mokolo pour desservir le camp ont été évoqués. Il a également saisi l’occasion pour procéder à la remise de 2 véhicules pick-up, des fournitures de bureau, 3 salles de classes et du poste de sécurité du camp, construits par le HCR, aux autorités en soutien à leurs efforts en faveur des réfugiés. Il s’agit d’ordinateurs et de fournitures de Bureau, et de 2 véhicules pick-up pour renforcer les escortes.

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    Source: Inter-Agency Standing Committee
    Country: Afghanistan, Botswana, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Guatemala, Indonesia, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Solomon Islands, Somalia, Tajikistan, Tonga, Turkey, Ukraine, Vanuatu, World, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduction

    The IASC Alert, Early Warning and Readiness report is produced bi-annually as an inter-agency effort by the Task Team on Preparedness and Resilience (TTPR) for IASC member agencies. The report highlights serious risks that were either identified as being of particular strategic operational concern or as having a high probability and impact on humanitarian needs. In addition to collaboratively assembling the report, the report includes an analysis of the state of readiness, prepared by OCHA, which is compared against each risk.

    The featured risks are divided into conflict and natural hazard risks and include a detailed risk analysis section followed by an associated preparedness analysis. The risk analysis assesses the risk’s drivers and projects trends while the preparedness analysis looks at the IASC system’s readiness level as well as national capacities to cope with identified risks. A health risk alert outlines the predominant polio, plague and cholera concerns in a separate section which was added in view of potential restrictions to the UN’s operational environment.


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    Source: US Department of State, US Agency for International Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Country: Mali

    This MOP presents a detailed implementation plan to be implemented with FY 2016 funds in Mali. This document reviews the current status of malaria control policies and interventions, describes progress to date, identifies challenges and unmet needs, and describes planned activities under PMI.


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    Source: US Department of State, US Agency for International Development, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    Country: Senegal

    This MOP presents a detailed implementation plan to be implemented with FY 2016 funds in Senegal. This document reviews the current status of malaria control policies and interventions, describes progress to date, identifies challenges and unmet needs, and describes planned activities under PMI.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, Protection Cluster
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: International Federation of Red Cross And Red Crescent Societies
    Country: Nigeria

    A. Situation analysis

    Description of the disaster In Nigeria, the elections were held successfully despite the postponement of six weeks from 14 February - 28 March 2015 for Presidential; and 11 April 2015 for the Governorship Elections by the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC). The elections were the most contentious in the history of the country. Many international organizations including the United Nations (UN) had predicted violence, unexpectedly too all of these actors, the level of violence was not as envisaged. Generally, the elections were conducted in a peaceful manner as confirmed by international bodies that monitored the elections. According to the human rights commission reports, a number of people were reported killed and many others affected by alleged election related violence however it was difficult to clearly link the incidents to specific activities of the elections since Nigeria was still undergoing conflict in many parts of the country. The new government was inaugurated on 29 May 2015.

    On 24 December 2014, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) released CHF 239,946 from the Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to ensure that the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) was prepared to meet the immediate needs of populations, which were predicted to be affected by election related violence, with activities planned for a period of three months. On 10 March 2015, an Operations Update was issued to extend the timeframe by two months (New end date: 23 May 2015), following the decision of the INEC to postpone the elections until 28 March 2015; and an additional allocation of CHF 55,211 (Total allocation: CHF 295,157) was also made available to extend the activities planned to five states (Benue, Gombe, Ebonyi, Ekiti and Niger).

    The major donors and partners of the DREF include the Red Cross Societies and governments of Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Monaco, the Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden and the USA, as well as DG ECHO, the UK Department for International Development (DFID) the Medtronic, Zurich Foundations and other corporate and private donors. The IFRC, on behalf of the Nigerian Red Cross Society would like to extend many thanks to all partners for their generous contributions.

    Please note that this Preliminary Report is issued in advance of the Final Report, which is expected to be issued by the end of November 2015.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Western Sahara, World, Yemen

    Strict vigilance required during the next six months due to heavy rains

    The current Desert Locust situation remains calm. Late summer breeding is in progress in northern Niger and breeding is underway in northwest Mauritania. Low numbers of locusts persist in northeast Chad and in the interior of Sudan.

    During November, small-scale breeding will cause locust numbers to increase in northwest Mauritania and is likely to extend to areas that received heavy rains. Low numbers of locusts will appear along both sides of the Red Sea and also breed on a small scale.

    There have been several significant events recently that will require regular monitoring and vigilance during the next six months in a number of locust-affected countries.

    In Northwest Africa, unusually heavy rains fell over a widespread area of northern Mauritania, including the northwest of the country as well as adjacent areas of Western Sahara, southern Morocco and western Algeria between 15 and 25 October. Many places received several times more rain than usually falls during the entire year. As a result, ecological conditions are likely to remain favourable for Desert Locust breeding and survival for at least the next six months, even in the absence of further rainfall. In addition, good rains also fell in southwest Libya.

    In the Arabian Peninsula, heavy rains associated with tropical cyclone Chapala fell in southern coastal and interior areas of Yemen on 2-3 November. The torrential rains which far exceeded the annual average rainfall for the entire year caused flooding and damage. As a result, ecological conditions are likely to become favourable for locusts and remain so until at least next spring.

    In the Horn of Africa, above-average rains associated with a very strong El Nino are predicted to fall over northern Somalia during this winter and next spring. If so, ecological conditions will become favourable for breeding on the northwest coast and the Somali plateau.

    In the winter breeding areas along both sides of the Red Sea, seasonal rains commenced in early October, which is slightly earlier than normal. As a result, ecological conditions will become favourable for breeding in coastal areas of Sudan, northern Eritrea, southeast Egypt, Saudi Arabia and Yemen and, if the rains continue, there would be sufficient time for two generations of breeding to occur this year.


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Snapshot 28 October – 3 November 2015

    Syria: 1 million more people are in need of humanitarian assistance than a year ago, as the total is now at 13.5 million. 6.6 million people are internally displaced, with 120,000 newly displaced in Aleppo, Hama, and Idleb governorates. Shelter, food, and WASH are reported as priority needs for the newly displaced.

    CAR: After four members of the UPC political party were killed in an attack in Bangui, three other people were killed in reprisals. Communal violence escalated in the following days. The increase in violence in the country since September has affected food security.

    Iraq: 26 residents of Camp Hurriya were killed as Al Mukhtar Army, an Iraqi Shia militia, launched 15 rockets on the camp near Baghdad, which houses Iranian exiles. Violence has caused over 18,000 civilian casualties in 2015, according to the UN, and displaced nearly 3.2 million. Heavy rains in late October have compounded the humanitarian situation, flooding areas of Baghdad, Anbar, Salah al Din, and Diyala.

    Updated: 03/11/2015. Next update: 10/11/2015

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Mali

    Activités du Cluster:

    Réunion sur le HNO 2016 du Cluster Santé Le jeudi 22 octobre 2015, s’est tenue à l’OMS, une réunion du cluster santé présidée par le Coordinateur du cluster. Elle avait pour but :

    • La finalisation des axes d’intervention et des activités pour 2016 ;

    • Le calendrier d’élaboration des projets ;

    • La désignation du Co-lead du cluster santé A. La finalisation des axes d’intervention et des activités pour 2016 La méthodologie de travail de ce volet a consisté à présenter les axes prioritaires, puis analyser les activités par axe prioritaire.

    a. Les principaux axes prioritaires retenus :

    • Amélioration de l’accès aux soins ;

    • L’amélioration du système de préparation de riposte aux épidémies et catastrophes ;

    • Renforcement du système d’information sanitaire ;

    • Analyse du risque de vulnérabilité ;

    • Lutte contre la Malnutrition Aigüe Sévère ;

    • Renforcement de la coordination.

    b. Les activités par axes prioritaires :

    Axe 1 : Amélioration de l’accès aux soins :

    les activités ont été organisées par niveau à savoir: au sein des communautés, au niveau des CSCOM et au niveau CSRéf.

    Axe 2 : L’amélioration du système de préparation de riposte aux épidémies et catastrophes:

    Une activité a été proposée. Il s’agit de la mise en place des équipes d’intervention rapide ;

    Axe 3 : Renforcement du système d’information sanitaire:

    Une information a été donnée par IMC sur la mise en place d’un système d’information et de surveillance en collaboration avec CDC. Par ailleurs, des propositions d’activités supplémentaires ont été faites telles que : la supervision des agents et la formation du personnel.

    Axe 4 : Analyse du risque de vulnérabilité:

    Des propositions d’activités supplémentaires ont été faites telles que l’harmonisation des outils ; l’organisation d’enquête d’évaluation multirisque ; l’établissement de la cartographie du risque etc.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Context

    History

    In March 2012, Abala camp received refugees who were moved from spontaneous sites (Chinegodrar, Miel, Tigizefan, Kizamwe and others who settled in Abala town) situated at the Malian border. The camp has a capacity to host 10,000 people. In April 2013, UNHCR Niger launched the Gas project, to provide alternative domestic energy to refugee households.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Context

    History

    In February 2013, Mangaize camp received refugees who were relocated from Banibangou and Chinegodar spontaneous sites situated at the border the Malian border. The camp has a capacity to host 10,000 people. In April 2013, UNHCR and WFP launched the Cash Voucher programme, which allows refugees to purchase their own food in local markets instead of receiving food in-kind.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Context

    History

    In May 2012, Tabareybarey camp received refugees who were relocated from Mbeidoum and Gaoudel spontaneous refugee sites situated at the border. The camp has a capacity to host 10,000 people. In April 2013, UNHCR and the Government launched the "Safety Net" programme in the camp with a view to offer a durable solution for Nigeriens who fled the violence in Mali and live alongside Malian refugees in the camp.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Context

    History

    The refugee hosting area (nomadic area) is a new concept developed by UNHCR with local authorities and communities in an attempt to adapt to the lifestyle of nomadic refugees. It differs from the traditional set-up of a refugee camp and allows refugees to settle freely in a vast pasture area with their livestock. The first "hosting area" was opened in Intekan in April 2013 with the successful relocation of nearly 8,000 people and their animals to the area. Previously, the refugees lived in spontaneous sites located at the border (Agando and Chinwaren). The second hosting area of Tazalite was opened in July 2013


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: International Organization for Migration, Government of Nigeria
    Country: Nigeria

    DISPLACEMENT HIGHLIGHTS

    • 2,233,506 individuals (318,937 households) were identified in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, Yobe, Nasarawa,
    • Plateau, Kaduna states and Abuja through DTM.
    • In total, around 1,978,950 IDPs captured through the DTM assessments have been displaced by the insurgency (88.6% of the total IDP population).
    • Majority of the IDPs are identified in Borno (1,606,406; 72%) followed by Yobe (144,302; 6.5%) and Adamawa (135,605; 6%).

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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    3 November 2015 – Violence continues to devastate the lives and health of the millions of people in the Lake Chad Basin – an area covering north-east Nigeria and parts of Cameroon, Chad and Niger. The World Health Organization (WHO) and humanitarian partners are appealing for urgent funding to cope with profound health challenges in the sub-region.

    One of the main health concerns is the risk of epidemics. More than 2.5 million people have fled their homes as a result of the Boko Haram-related conflict. Many displaced people now live in conditions favourable for spreading communicable diseases such as cholera, measles, meningitis and yellow fever. Additional concerns include conflict-related trauma, injuries and disabilities, and an increased need for mental health services.

    “This crisis has largely disappeared from television screens, yet that doesn’t mean the suffering has ended. Innocent civilians who continue to fear brutal attacks now face the threat of disease outbreaks and epidemics,” explained Dr Ibrahima-Socé Fall, Director of the Health Security and Emergencies Cluster at the WHO Regional Office for Africa.

    “Health systems in the region are already stretched and we are collectively doing all that we can but the financial resources to support and strengthen health systems and infrastructure is simply not there,” Dr Fall added.

    United Nations agencies, including WHO, and non-governmental organizations active in the area have received only 13% of the monies needed to implement health aspects of humanitarian response plans across the four countries this year. For WHO the situation is particularly distressing – the Organization has received just 5% of required funds. This hinders WHO’s ability to carry out planned activities including support for primary health, disease surveillance and trauma care.

    “Without funding, the health response is severely hampered as we are unable to support the local health authorities and the doctors, nurses and other health professionals who are working to minimize the suffering caused by this crisis,” continued Dr Fall.

    “This must change. The international community must band together to ensure the people of the Lake Chad Basin, who have suffered so much already, can at least access health care, which is a fundamental human right.”


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal, Togo, World

    CILSS Mission:
    “To devote efforts towards the search for food security and combatting the effects of drought and desertification for a new ecological balance in the Sahel.”

    Life of Support:
    1973 to Present

    Average Annual Funding from USAID:
    U.S. $3.4 million

    Linked Institutions:
    CILSS is the technical arm of ECOWAS and UEMOA.

    Member States: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Chad, Côte D'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Senegal and Togo.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, World

    Goal:
    Support synergistic food-security related programming opportunities at the grassroots level.

    Life of Project:
    October 2011 – July 2017

    Total USAID Funding:
    U.S. $3.55 million

    Geographic Focus:
    Ghana, Senegal, Liberia, Benin, Gambia, Sierra Leone, Togo, Guinea, Burkina Faso, and Cameroon

    Program Description:
    Working together, USAID and the Peace Corps leverage investments in training and capacity building in multiple West African countries to extend benefits across the region. Cross-border technical exchanges and regional trainings lead to the dissemination of best practices. This exchange results in increased food security activities in the communities where Peace Corps Volunteers work in West Africa, with a special focus on women.

    This program also builds community capacity at the grass-roots level to strategically respond to food security vulnerabilities such as food shortages and price increases. USAID will provide resources for ten countries till July 2017. The three key objectives of the program are the following:

    • Increase availability of healthy foods, especially for women and children.
    • Increase accessibility of healthy foods by decreasing poverty and increasing incomes.
    • Improve utilization of available food to improve nutritional status of women and children.

    Key Accomplishments to Date: (from 1,110 volunteers)
    • FY 2012: 4 countries, 50 food security projects: U.S. $110,500.00
    • FY 2013 to Sept. 2014: 10 countries, 62 projects: U.S. $149,000.00
    • 6,147 people trained in child health and nutrition
    • 3,472 people trained in maternal health and nutrition
    • 8,436 people received agricultural sector productivity or food security training
    • 4,221 farmers applied new technologies or management practices
    • 1,236 members of producers organizations and community based organizations received capacity-building assistance
    • Database with 1,100 technical food security resources


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