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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone

    FAITS MARQUANTS

    • 2,5 millions de personnes déplacées par la crise dans le Bassin du Lac Tchad. Plus de 2,1 millions de PDIs recensées rien qu’au Nigéria et dans plusieurs Etats.

    • Elections en octobre enGuinée, en Côte d’Ivoire et en RCA. Les élections au Burkina Faso seront probablement reportées.

    • Diminution des infections liées au virus Ebola en Sierra Leone et en Guinée, pas de nouvelle éruption au Libéria.

    • Plus de 300 000 personnes touchées par des inondations au Burkina Faso, au Niger, au Nigéria et en Sierra Leone.


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Chad: Violence continues to fuel large-scale displacement in Lac region. Suicide attacks on 10 October killed 41 people and wounded 48 at a busy Bagasola market and a refugee camp on the town’s periphery. Over 71,000 people who have been displaced since July face urgent shelter, food, WASH and health needs.

    Ethiopia: 8.2 million people are estimated in need of food assistance as drought continues, and the number is expected to increase further in the coming months. Afar region is most severely hit, and pastoralists are particularly affected. The nutrition situation is deteriorating.

    Djibouti: 1,844 Yemenis arrived in Obock between 29 September and 8 October following heavy strikes in Yemen. This is a huge increase compared to the 10–20 arrivals per week in July and August. The new arrivals are urgently in need of shelter. More than 28,300 people have come from Yemen since March, and an 12,000 will be in need of humanitarian aid by the end of the year.

    oPt: 28 Palestinians and seven Israelis have been killed in an escalation of violence since 1 October. Over 1,900 Palestinians and over 60 Israeli civilians are reported to have been injured across the West Bank, Jerusalem, and other parts of Israel.

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, United States of America

    HIGHLIGHTS
    - Boko Haram-related insecurity continues to result in critical humanitarian needs throughout the Lake Chad Basin
    - Nigeria’s IDP population increases by 765,000 individuals between June and August

    KEY DEVELOPMENTS
    - The International Organization for Migration (IOM) reported 2.15 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in Nigeria as of August 31—a 55 percent increase from the nearly 1.4 million IDPs reported in June. IOM attributes the increase to deteriorating security conditions, as well as the assessment of areas not previously accessed.
    - At a September 25 high-level meeting focused on the Lake Chad Basin, UN Under- Secretary-General and Emergency Relief Coordinator Stephen O’Brien called the situation the fastest-growing displacement crisis in Africa and appealed for increased attention and assistance from the international community.
    - In FY 2015, the U.S. Government (USG) provided $167.8 million in response to the regional crisis. This funding includes approximately $94.5 million for humanitarian assistance in Nigeria and more than $73.3 million for relief efforts in Cameroon, Chad, and Niger.


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    Source: US Agency for International Development
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | Tuesday 10/13/2015 - 21:13GMT

    Militants armed with rocket-launchers killed at least six civilians Tuesday in an attack in the Timbuktu region of northern Mali, the government said, in the latest violence to hit the restive country.

    There was no immediate claim of responsiblity but security sources told AFP that Islamist fighters were behind the incident, which the government slammed as a "terrorist attack".

    Northern Mali fell to Al-Qaeda-linked jihadist groups long concentrated in the area in March-April 2012 before being ousted by an ongoing French-led military operation launched in January 2013.

    But despite the signing in June of a peace deal between Tuareg-led rebels and the government, large swathes of Mali remain beyond the control of government and foreign forces.

    A government statement said a convoy of civilian vehicles guarded by security forces came under attack around 7:30 am (0730 GMT) on Tuesday around 100 kilometres (60 miles) from Gao, the biggest city in northern Mali.

    "The terrorist attack with rocket-launchers caused the death of six civilians and wounded two others including a soldier," the statement published Tuesday evening said.

    A security source told AFP the attack began when one of the vehicles hit a mine laid by the militants.

    Two other civilian vehicles arrived and were damaged before "the Islamists came out from their hiding place to fire on the civilians," the source added.

    Three lorries employed on behalf of MINUSMA, the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali, arrived at the scene and were set on fire by the Islamist fighters, the security source added.

    A local resident, who was not identified, also confirmed the attack to AFP and said it took place in the village of Tassgilat.

    He said he had seen "burnt bodies". "The Islamists also killed people. I saw the fire," he said, adding that Malian soldiers later arrived at the site after the Islamist fighters had left.

    A UN mission source said "more than six" people had died.

    Seven people, including one fighter, were killed Friday in two separate border region attacks blamed on jihadists in Mali and neighbouring Burkina Faso, security and government sources said.

    Long focused on Mali's north, jihadist attacks have extended into the country's centre this year, and from June towards the south.

    sd-mrb/pdw/pvh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | AFP | mardi 13/10/2015 - 14:56 GMT

    Au moins six personnes ont été tuées mardi dans la région de Tombouctou, dans le nord du Mali, dans une embuscades attribuée à des islamistes, ont indiqué à l'AFP des sources de sécurité et administrative maliennes.

    "Au moins six civils sont morts, brûlés ou tués par balle, après une double attaque organisée par les islamistes" dans une localité proche de Gossi (sud-est de Tombouctou), a indiqué la source administrative.

    L'information a été confirmée par la source de sécurité malienne qui a évoqué six civils tués. De son côté, une source de sécurité au sein de la Mission de l'ONU au Mali (Minusma) a fait état de "plus de six morts", sans donner davantage de précisions.

    "Les islamistes ont d'abord posé une mine. Un véhicule civil a sauté sur la mine. Après l'explosion, deux autres véhicules civils qui venaient par l'arrière ont été accidentés et les islamistes sont sortis de leur cachette pour tirer sur les civils", a déclaré la source de sécurité malienne. 

    "Derrière les trois véhicules, arrivaient trois camions citernes travaillant pour le compte de la Minusma" qui ont été incendiés" par les mêmes islamistes, a ajouté cette source.

    Joint par l'AFP depuis Bamako, un habitant de la région a confirmé cette attaque, précisant qu'elle avait été perpétrée dans le village de Tassgilat.

    Il a indiqué avoir vu "des corps brûlés". "Les islamistes ont aussi tué des gens. J'ai vu le feu. Les militaires maliens sont venus mais les terroristes étaient déjà partis", a-t-il poursuivi.

    Une source de sécurité au sein de la Minusma a affirmé qu'il y a eu "plus de six morts" et que six véhicules ont été incendiés ou endommagés dans l'attaque. "C'est très probablement notre convoi qui était visé, et les terroristes ont élaboré un plan pour y parvenir", a-t-elle estimé.

    Le 9 octobre, trois civils ont été tués dans la région de Mopti (centre), à la lisière du vaste Nord, dans une attaque également attribuée à des islamistes, selon des sources de sécurité et administrative malienne.

    Longtemps concentrées dans le nord du Mali, les attaques jihadistes se sont étendues depuis le début de l'année vers le centre du pays, puis à partir de juin au Sud, aux frontières avec la Côte d'Ivoire et le Burkina Faso.

    Le nord du Mali était tombé en mars-avril 2012 sous la coupe de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda après la déroute de l'armée face à la rébellion à dominante touareg, d'abord alliée à ces groupes qui l'ont ensuite évincée.

    Les groupes jihadistes y ont été dispersés et en ont été en grande partie chassés à la suite du lancement en janvier 2013, à l'initiative de la France, d'une intervention militaire internationale qui se poursuit actuellement.

    Mais des zones entières échappent encore au contrôle des forces maliennes et étrangères, malgré la signature en mai-juin d'un accord de paix entre le gouvernement et la rébellion.

    sd-mrb/cs/sba

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Cameroon

    13 octobre 2015

    Les violences qui secouent la région de l'Extrême-Nord du Cameroun ont fait de nombreuses victimes et contraint des dizaines de milliers de personnes à fuir. La situation est tendue car les communautés d'accueil où les familles déplacées ont trouvé refuge ont des ressources limitées, et l'accès à la nourriture, à l'eau potable et aux soins de santé est loin d'être assuré.

    Subvenir aux besoins essentiels

    L'objectif du programme d'assistance du CICR est d'aider les victimes de conflits armés et d'autres situations de violence à préserver ou rétablir leurs moyens de subsistance.

    Le programme d'aide alimentaire destiné aux personnes déplacées, qui a débuté en juin dernier, se poursuivra jusqu'en décembre 2015, à raison d'une distribution par mois.

    Dans le Mayo-Sava et le Mayo-Tsanaga, 7 700 familles de 99 villages ont déjà reçu deux rations mensuelles composées chacune de 75 kilos de mil, 25 kilos de haricots, un kilo de sel, 10 litres d'huile de palme et 12 kilos de Super Cereal.

    Dans le Logone-et-Chari, elles sont 1 500 à avoir bénéficié d'une distribution similaire.

    Des articles ménagers de première nécessité ont éqalement été fournis à 5 300 familles déplacées.

    Koza, région de l'Extrême-Nord, Cameroun. Une femme repart avec des vivres distribuées par le CICR. Elle fait partie des 36 500 bénéficiaires venus ce jour-là au point de distribution. « Merci à la Croix-Rouge d'avoir pensé à nous ! Grâce à cette nourriture, nous allons pouvoir tenir au moins un mois ! »

    En juin dernier, dans le cadre de son programme d'aide à la production alimentaire, le CICR a fourni des semences de mil, de gombo, de maïs et de niébé ainsi que des vivres à 5 000 familles particulièrement vulnérables ou ayant à charge des personnes déplacées.

    Au total, 75 tonnes de semences et 250 tonnes d'engrais ont été distribuées avec le précieux concours des volontaires de la Croix-Rouge camerounaise.

    Coopérer avec la Croix-Rouge camerounaise

    En tant que partenaire privilégié du CICR, la Croix-Rouge camerounaise (CRC) contribue à la prise en charge des besoins essentiels des victimes de conflits armés et d'autres situations de violence.

    Depuis le début de l'année, le CICR a intensifié son appui à la CRC en formant notamment des volontaires :

    • aux premiers secours ;

    • aux interventions dans des zones à risque ;

    • à l'évaluation de la sécurité économique ;

    • aux activités de rétablissement des liens familiaux ;

    • à la communication opérationnelle.

    Le CICR s'emploie également à renforcer les capacités opérationnelles de la CRC, à travers la remise en état de ses locaux ou la construction de nouveaux bâtiments pour ses activités dans l'Extrême-Nord, notamment dans le Mayo-Tsanaga, le Mayo-Sava et le Logone-et-Chari. Il prévoit aussi de mettre prochainement à sa disposition trois véhicules et douze motos.

    Améliorer l'accès à l'eau potable et les services d'assainissement

    En collaboration avec la CRC, le CICR a évalué l'état des systèmes de distribution d'eau potable desservant les communautés d'accueil de 62 villages dans le Mayo-Sava et le Mayo-Tsanaga.

    Sur un total de 257 points d'eau, 220 doivent être remis en état, et 43 pompes manuelles sur les 84 inspectées doivent être réparées ou remplacées.

    Visiter les personnes privées de liberté

    Le CICR a poursuivi ses visites des lieux de détention pour s'assurer que les personnes qui y sont détenues reçoivent un traitement humain conformément aux lois camerounaises et aux normes internationales en vigueur.

    Le CICR a notamment :

    • visité 166 détenus dans les prisons de Yagoua, Maroua, Bertoua, Mokolo, Kousseri et Yaoundé ;

    • entrepris la remise en état ou la construction d'infrastructures d'alimentation en eau et de cuisines dans les prisons de Maroua et Bertoua ;

    • lancé un programme nutritionnel dans les prisons de Maroua et Bertoua.

    Réunir les familles dispersées par le conflit

    Le CICR et la CRC poursuivent leurs efforts à travers tout le Cameroun et dans les pays limitrophes pour rétablir et maintenir le contact entre les membres des familles dispersées. Ils s'occupent actuellement de 2 540 demandes de recherche, enregistrées principalement dans les camps de réfugiés des régions de l'Est et de l'Extrême-Nord du pays.

    Promouvoir le respect du droit international humanitaire

    Le CICR a poursuivi ses échanges bilatéraux avec les forces armées et de sécurité de manière à leur rappeler qu'elles ont l'obligation, en vertu du droit international humanitaire, de protéger les personnes qui ne participent pas ou plus aux hostilités.

    Le CICR est présent au Cameroun depuis 1992 ; il déploie des activités à Maroua depuis 2013, à Bertoua depuis 2014 et à Kousseri depuis 2015.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan

    GENÈVE, 13 octobre (HCR) – Le HCR a fermement condamné aujourd'hui deux attentats-suicides survenus le week-end dernier dans l'ouest du Tchad au cours desquels 47 personnes, dont un grand nombre de personnes déracinées du fait des violences au nord du Nigéria, ont été tuées et des dizaines d'autres blessées.

    « Le HCR déplore la violence et déplore les pertes en vies humaines causées par des attentats-suicides ce week-end dans la ville de Baga Sola, à l'ouest du Tchad », a déclaré le porte-parole du HCR Leo Dobbs lors d'un point de presse à Genève.

    Leo Dobbs a déclaré que le HCR est particulièrement préoccupé par l'attaque commise contre le site de Kousseri à Baga Sola, où sont hébergés des déplacés internes tchadiens.

    « (Cette tragédie) a causé la mort d'au moins 22 personnes dans une zone où le HCR et d'autres agences humanitaires tentent de fournir protection et assistance à des dizaines de milliers de personnes déplacées de leurs maisons du fait du conflit avec Boko Haram », a-t-il ajouté.

    Selon Leo Dobbs, des informations fournies par la police locale et les services de sécurité de l'ONU font état de cinq kamikazes, trois femmes et deux enfants, qui ont attaqué à la fois le marché puis le site de Kousseri à la périphérie de Baga Sola samedi après-midi. Au moins 25 personnes ont été tuées dans l'attaque commise contre le marché.

    Le tout dernier bilan pour les deux sites s'élève à 47 personnes décédées et des dizaines de blessés. Les cas les plus graves ont été transportés par hélicoptère vers N'Djamena, la capitale du Tchad.

    Le HCR travaille avec d'autres organisations humanitaires dans un camp de réfugiés connu sous le nom de Dar Es Salam et situé à 10 kilomètres de Baga Sola.

    « Tout notre personnel dans la région et les 7 139 réfugiés originaires du Nigéria et du Niger qui sont hébergés au camp de Dar Es Salam vont bien. Cependant nous avons suspendu les voyages vers et depuis la région du lac Tchad. Des vols de l'ONU demeurent en stand-by pour des évacuations ou acheminer du matériel d'aide d'urgence », a déclaré Leo Dobbs.

    Durant ces dernières semaines, le HCR a intensifié l'assistance à environ 60 000 personnes déplacées dans la région du lac, distribuant des articles non alimentaires essentiels à plus de 32 800 personnes.

    « Beaucoup avaient été déplacées de leurs maisons dans les îles plus tôt cette année quand le lac Tchad est devenu une zone de guerre », a expliqué Leo Dobbs, ajoutant que les conditions de vie étaient précaires.

    « La plupart n'ont ni nourriture, ni abri et ne bénéficient pas de soins médicaux. Leurs abris de fortune, certains faits de moustiquaires en mauvais état, fournissent peu de protection contre les insectes ou les éléments durant l'actuelle saison des pluies. »

    Il a déclaré que d'autres organisations humanitaires, y compris MSF, le PAM, l'UNICEF et la Croix-Rouge, répondent également aux besoins des personnes déplacées. A part les distributions d'aide, le HCR apporte également un appui aux autorités tchadiennes en transportant de la nourriture depuis la capitale pour les personnes déplacées dans la région du lac, y compris du riz, de l'huile et du sucre.

    Selon Leo Dobbs, l'attaque contre Baga Sola a montré combien les déplacés dans la région du lac Tchad sont vulnérables et isolés. Il a également indiqué que le HCR s'est félicité de la détermination des autorités pour améliorer la situation de sécurité.

    « Le HCR demeure engagé à aider les déplacés dans l'ouest du Tchad et nous exhortons la communauté internationale à apporter son appui au Tchad », a-t-il déclaré.

    L'attaque contre Baga Sola, la toute première contre cette ville, s'est déroulée un jour avant que d'autres femmes kamikazes aient tué neuf personnes à Kangaleri, au nord du Cameroun.

    Le Tchad accueille environ 438 000 réfugiés, dont 350 000 Soudanais, 90 000 Centrafricains et 13 000 Nigérians.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    • Recurring natural disasters such as droughts, floods, combined with volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.

    • Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon and causes internal displacements.

    • Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.


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    Source: World Health Organization
    Country: Cameroon

    Fait:

    • Le matin du dimanche 11 Octobre 2015, a environ 6h30 minutes dans la localité de KANGALERI, District de Mora, département de MAYO-SAVA un double attentat terroriste/suicide perpétré par 2 kamikazes dans un marché.
    • Bilan immédiat : 11 morts sur le lieu de l’incident (incluant les 2 Kamikazes) et 39 blessés

    Actions prises:
    a) Prise en charge médico-chirurgicale à l’hôpital de Mora de 28 blessés
    b) Evacuation pour Prise en charge de 11 blessés graves à l’hôpital régional de Maroua (les blessés sont arrivés aux environs de 16h à Maroua)
    c) Visite des blessés évacués à Maroua par le groupe sectoriel santé de l’extrême Nord et organisation immédiate de leur prise en charge (DSRP, OMS, CERPLE, Direction de l’hôpital de Maroua, Secteur militaire de la région 4).


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 10/13/2015 - 21:36 GMT |

    by Bukar HUSSAIN

    Three blasts hit the city of Maiduguri in northeast Nigeria on Tuesday killing a number of people, locals and the Red Cross said.

    The "huge explosions" happened in the Ajilari Cross area of the city, which has been targeted by similar attacks twice in the last month, including on September 20 when at least 117 were killed.

    The previous attacks were blamed on Boko Haram Islamists, which has increasingly hit "soft" civilian targets in recent months using suicide bombers and improvised explosive devices.

    It was not immediately clear what caused the latest blasts, which happened in quick succession from 8:10 pm (1910 GMT), said Bashir Mohammed, whose house is near the scene.

    "We are all confused and people are running helter-skelter," he said.

    Sheriff Ahmad, a cleric in the area, said: "Many people have been killed. I don't know how many and I don't think anyone can tell you now."

    Ahmad described seeing body parts on his house, while Hafsat Sani, a nurse at the nearby Umaru Shehu Hospital, said: "There are many houses around the area and the blasts have affected many of them."

    The hospital quickly began receiving the injured while police, soldiers, the Red Cross and officials from Nigeria's National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) were mobilised, he said.

    A Red Cross official said: "Obviously there are people that died but I don't have figures."

    There was no immediate comment from the police or military while details were sketchy as Maiduguri is subject to a night-time curfew.

    On October 1, at least 10 people were killed and 39 injured when four suicide bombers blew themselves up in a wave of attacks in Ajilari Cross, which is near Maidugiri airport and a military base.

    At least two bombs were strapped to teenage girls, witnesses and the police said at the time.

    The September 20 attack targeted a mosque and killed football fans watching a televised match as well as bystanders.

    • Abuja arrests -

    Amnesty International said last month that the Boko Haram conflict had killed at least 1,600 people since the start of June in Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon and called for more protection for civilians.

    An AFP tally puts the death toll at more than 1,320 in Nigeria alone since Muhammadu Buhari became president on May 29.

    Boko Haram claimed responsibility for three suicide attacks in the satellite towns of Kuje and Nyanya outside Nigeria's capital Abuja on October 2, which killed a total of 18 people and injured 41.

    On Tuesday, Nigeria's most senior police officer, Inspector General of Police Solomon Arase, said two people had been arrested on suspicion of masterminding the blasts.

    The suspects' identities were not disclosed but Arase said in a statement the arrests had "foiled another attempt... to undertake further attacks in the FCT (Federal Capital Territory)".

    Items recovered from the suspects included 12 "prepared and primed" home-made explosives concealed in soft drink cans, 28 electronic detonator parts and a "large quantity" of bomb-making equipment, he added.

    Nigeria's military has claimed a series of successes in recent months and has characterised the upsurge in attacks on civilian targets as desperation on the part of the Islamic State group-alled militants.

    Attacks have also continued across the border. At the weekend, 41 people were killed and another 48 injured in triple explosions in Baga Sola, on the Chadian side of Lake Chad, where Nigeria meets Niger, Chad and Cameroon.

    One targeted a fish market and two a refugee camp for those displaced by the violence.

    str-phz/pvh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Nigeria

    Highlights

    • According to the August 2015,there has been a dramatic increase (about 58%), in the number of conflict affected IDPs in the three North East states reaching almost 2 million compared to the figures in June 2015. The Borno IDP population has increased the most (by 65%) with 1.65 million IDPs. The number of returns in Adamawa has also increased (by 18%) to 262,324.

    • An outbreak of cholera has occurred in 4 IDPS and some surrounding communities. As of 1st October, a total of 554 cases with 15 deaths and a case fatality rate CFR) of 2.7% recorded since the outbreak was reported (7th September).

    • UNICEF supported a multisector rapid assessment conducted during the 7-14 September by the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in Borno and Yobe states. The purpose of the assessment was to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the needs of host communities affected by the conflict and displacement.

    • 49,754 children have been reached through psychosocial support services in 143 communities and 22 IDP camps in the three North East states, through a network of 474 trained community volunteers.

    • 6,300 children (3,555 girls and 2,745 boys) have been able to undertake schooling in a more conducive environment with the provision of 58 additional tents and 1,250 mats distributed to partners. To date, the total number of children reached is 94,397.

    • A new IDP camp was established in Dikwa LGA in Borno state. The camp hosts approximately 7,500 IDPs. Integrated Primary Health Care (PHC) services were provide through UNICEF support to the state. UNICEF provides support to 27 IDP camps in the North East – Yobe (2); Borno (20) and Adamawa (5).

    • From January to August 2015, 41,340 children under five with SAM were newly admitted for treatment in the states of Adamawa, Borno and Yobe.

    • Since the beginning of the year, 181,843 conflict affected people (IDPs and host communities) have benefitted from improved access to potable water through the support of UNICEF and its implementing partners.

    • As of 30 September 2015, UNICEF has received around $14.8 million USD against its 2015 HAC requirements of $ 26.5 million USD (56% of total requirements); with a funding gap of 44% remaining.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Senegal

    Poor start to the agropastoral season in central and northern areas

    KEY MESSAGES

    • This year, farmers are resorting to short-cycle varieties of cowpea and Souna millet crops more than usual as a strategy to limit the negative effects of the late start of the rains on crop production in order to ensure near-average crop yields. With the likely downsizing of the land area planted in groundnuts, Senegal’s main cash crop, household incomes between December and March will likely be below average.

    • The poor pastoral conditions between February and June severely affected pastoral incomes, which have been well below-average as a result of the decline in animal production and livestock prices. The larger than usual numbers of animal deaths have adversely affected the livelihoods of pastoral households, limiting their food access on local markets. However, the recent recovery of pastures and replenishment of watering holes have helped improve the situation in many pastoral areas.

    • Food assistance from the government and its humanitarian partners is easing poor households’ food insecurity. Humanitarian food and non-food assistance and cash transfer programs will limit the use of atypical coping strategies (ex. borrowing and reducing food and nonfood expenditures) by recipient households.

    • An examination of food prices on domestic markets shows prices for locally grown millet still slightly above-average and prices for regular broken rice, the main foodstuff consumed by Senegalese households, at below-average levels. However, despite these prices, the below-average incomes of poor agropastoral households is preventing many households from adequating accessing these food items.


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    Source: European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

    0. MAJOR CHANGES SINCE PREVIOUS VERSION OF THE HIP

    Third modification as of 28/09/2015

    Despite the signature of the peace agreement on 20th June, the situation in Northern Mali remains very fragile as indicated by the recent clashes between signatory parties in the region of Kidal. Estimated 62 000 people are still internally displaced (IDPs) in Mali. The surrounding countries of Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso still host about 138 000 Malian refugees and there is no observed trend of return.

    The humanitarian situation has worsened during the lean season in Mali.
    These different shocks have affected even more the means of existence and resilience of the population.

    The recent national SMART nutrition survey has confirmed the precarious nutritional status of children under 5 years old in all regions of Mali. The situation in Timbuktu region is of particular concern as the Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) of 17.5% and the Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) of 3.9% are both above emergency thresholds of 15% for GAM and 2% for SAM. Moreover, the 3 northern regions of Mali (Gao, Timbuktu and Kidal) remain the most affected areas by the food insecurity. For the whole country, it is estimated that 2 712 000 people are food insecure and 410 000 in need of emergency food assistance.

    Therefore, on the basis of the current level of needs as assessed by our partner (which is unlikely to decrease), an amount of EUR 800 000 from the Natural disaster specific objective of financing Decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2015/01000 needs to be shifted to the Man-made disaster specific objective to cover basic needs of the population, such as access to safe water, nutrition and food assistance.


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Nigeria

    Hundreds of thousands of people have been displaced by the armed conflict in north-east Nigeria. The ICRC is significantly scaling up its efforts to help them, bringing food, essential household items, clean water, shelter and medical care to those most in need. We are also promoting compliance with the rules that protect people during armed violence and supporting the Nigerian Red Cross Society.

    Highlights

    Since the beginning of the year:

    325,000
    internally displaced persons (IDPs) have received food and essential household items

    104,000
    people have benefited from the ICRC's water, sanitation and hygiene operations

    15
    hospitals have received medical supplies so they could respond to mass casualty situations following explosions

    1,500
    free phone calls were made by people who had become separated from their families.

    Emergency aid

    325,000 IDPs received food and essential household items from the ICRC, working in cooperation with the Nigeria Red Cross Society. Most were in Adamawa, Borno, Edo, Gombe and Yobe states.

    8,700 families who had fled the violence and have now returned to their communities received food, maize seed and fertilizer to help them restart their lives in Mubi, Plateau and Kaduna states.

    1,500 widows affected by the armed conflict received assistance from the ICRC.

    Shelter, water and sanitation

    The ICRC is renovating or upgrading water points and improving sanitation in communities affected by the violence, and in camps and sites for displaced persons. We are also building emergency shelters and providing tents for IDPs.

    Tap 104,000 people benefited from ICRC water, sanitation and hygiene operations

    Tent 7,600 IDPs in Yola and Maiduguri received tents, shelters or roofing materials

    Latrine 130 latrines were built in camps for displaced people in Maiduguri

    Restoring family links

    The Restoring Family Links Team in Maiduguri has been working with displaced communities at the Federal Training Camp to help people find out what has happened to their relatives.

    Hundreds of thousands have left home, often losing contact with their families. The ICRC and the Nigerian Red Cross Society (NRCS) are working together to help family members contact each other, reuniting them where possible, all over the Lake Chad region.

    Mobile phone The Red Cross enabled people separated from their families to make a total of 1,490 free phone calls

    People The ICRC and the NRCS received requests to trace 1,143 people.

    Health

    Hospital The ICRC is supporting 10 primary health centres in Borno and Adamawa States by renovating premises, providing medical supplies and equipment and training staff. Between them, these 10 centres serve 380,000 people – both IDPs and residents.

    Casualty 246 people received treatment from the ICRC surgical team in Maiduguri State Specialist Hospital. Most had been injured by bomb explosions or suffered gunshot wounds.

    Doctor 140 Nigerian surgeons and emergency room staff underwent training in the management of people who have suffered weapon wounds and in emergency response during mass casualty incidents.

    International humanitarian law

    The ICRC gave presentations to 1,000 personnel at military and police training establishments. All heard about the work of the ICRC, with military personnel also learning about IHL and other rules applicable during military operations and police officers learning about human rights law.

    Thousands of people, including personnel from the civilian authorities, community and religious leaders, students and the people we are helping, learned more about the Red Cross, the Fundamental Principles of the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement and international humanitarian law.

    Detainees

    We visited people held in prisons and in both military and police detention facilities.

    The ICRC in Nigeria

    We operate in the north-east, the middle belt and the Niger Delta states, with offices in Abuja, Damaturu, Gombe, Jos, Kano, Maiduguri, Port Harcourt and Yola.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Guinea, Mauritania, Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Guinea, Mauritania, Nigeria


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    Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    Country: Benin, Côte d'Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Togo, Uganda

    • Beneficial increase in rainfall along bimodal Gulf of Guinea regions and continued heavy rainfall across the far western Gulf of Guinea.

    • Many parts of the greater horn receive early season rains.

    1) Poorly distributed rainfall has resulted in drought, which has severely impacted ground conditions and already led to livestock death across parts of northcentral and eastern Ethiopia.

    2) Below-average rainfall since August has led to a strengthening of moisture deficits throughout several provinces in southern South Sudan and northern Uganda. Closer to normal rainfall is expected during the upcoming outlook period.

    3) Below-average rainfall over several bimodal areas of Cote d’Ivoire, Ghana, Togo, Benin, and Nigeria has led to a rapid strengthening of moisture deficits and a degradation of ground conditions.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    10/14/2015 - 16:42 GMT

    US President Barack Obama on Wednesday notified Congress that he intends to deploy 300 troops to Cameroon to conduct intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance operations.

    In a letter released by the White House, Obama said 90 personnel had already been deployed, and would be armed for self-defense.

    A senior administration official told AFP the deployment was "part of the counter Boko Haram effort."

    Cameroon, along with a growing number of west and central African nations, has been targeted by the Islamist militants, who are expanding operations beyond the group's traditional base in northern Nigeria.

    Twin suicide blasts on Sunday killed at least nine people and injured 29 in far northern Cameroon. Two female suicide bombers carried out the attacks in the village of Kangaleri, security and local sources said.

    Nine people died when the first woman detonated a bomb in a tiny milk and donut restaurant. The second suicide bomber killed only herself, a local authority official said.

    The attack came a day after triple explosions in Chad left 41 dead.

    Both countries are part of a regional coalition that has been fighting the militants.

    arb/ec


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    14/10/2015 - 16:43 GMT

    Le président Barack Obama a annoncé mercredi le déploiement prochain de 300 militaires américains au Cameroun pour des opérations de renseignement, de surveillance et de reconnaissance aérienne dans le cadre de la lutte contre les islamistes de Boko Haram.

    Dans un courrier adressé aux leaders des deux chambres du Congrès, et rendu public par la Maison Blanche, M. Obama indique que 90 militaires ont commencé à être déployés sur place depuis lundi et que ce chiffre passera à "environ 300".

    Cette opération a été lancée "avec l'accord du gouvernement camerounais", précisé l'exécutif américain. Un haut responsable américain a précisé à l'AFP qu'elle s'inscrivait "dans le cadre des efforts en cours pour contrer Boko Haram".

    Ces forces, qui seront armées pour assurer leur protection et leur sécurité, resteront au Cameroun "jusqu'à ce que leur soutien ne soit plus nécessaire", poursuit le courrier présidentiel.

    La Cameroun fait partie de la coalition contre les insurgés qui mènent depuis plusieurs mois des attentats sanglants bien au-delà du nord-est du Nigeria, leur fief historique, pour frapper les Etats limitrophes du bassin du lac Tchad: Tchad, Cameroun et Niger.

    Un double attentat-suicide a frappé dimanche l'extrême-Nord du Cameroun, tuant au moins neuf personnes, au lendemain d'une autre attaque meurtrière, au Tchad, attribuée à Boko Haram.

    jca/vog


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