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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Chad

    Sorghum, millet, white maize, and local and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is most heavily consumed in the eastern and northern regions of the country. Local rice is another basic food commodity, especially for poorer households. Imported rice and white maize are most commonly consumed in and around the capital. The Marché d'Atrone in N’Djamena, the capital city, is the largest market for cereals. Moundou is an important consumer center for sorghum and the second largest market after the capital. The Abéché market is located in a northern production area. The Sarh market is both a local retail market and a cross-border market.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger

    Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area. Gaya market represents a main urban market for maize with cross-border connections. Maradi, Tounfafi, and Diffa are regional assembly and cross-border markets for Niger and other countries in the region. These are markets where households and herders coming from the northern cereal deficit areas regularly buy their food. Agadez and Zinder are also important national and regional markets. Nguigmi and Abalak are located in pastoral areas, where people are heavily dependent on cereal markets for their food supply. They are particularly important during the rainy season, when herders are confined to the pastoral zone.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, World, Yemen

    27 septembre 2015 – Après le Sommet des Nations Unies sur le développement durable qui s'est achevé dimanche, l'ONU devait ouvrir lundi son débat général annuel au siège de l'Organisation à New York avec la participation de dizaines de chefs d'Etat et de gouvernement.

    Les discussions au débat général, qui se déroule chaque année fin septembre, seront marquées par les crises qui frappent le monde, qu'il s'agisse de la crise des réfugiés en Europe, de la menace terroriste, de la lutte contre le changement climatique, et des conflits en Syrie, au Yémen et ailleurs.

    En marge du débat général, il y aura un sommet sur les opérations de maintien de la paix, des réunions de haut-niveau consacrées à la crise des réfugiés et des migrants, à la situation en Somalie, en République démocratique du Congo, au Mali, et en République centrafricaine.

    Il y aura aussi un débat mercredi au Conseil de sécurité sur le règlement des conflits au Moyen-Orient et en Afrique du Nord et la lutte contre la menace terroriste dans la région.

    Le débat général de l'Assemblée générale a été précédé cette année par un Sommet sur le développement durable qui a été marqué par l'adoption vendredi, à l'unanimité, par les 193 Etats membres des Nations Unies d'un nouveau programme mondial audacieux pour éradiquer la pauvreté d'ici à 2030 et poursuivre un avenir durable.

    Intitulé « Transformer notre monde : le Programme de développement durable à l'horizon 2030 », le programme comporte 17 Objectifs de développement durable (ODD), conçus pour parachever d'ici à 2030 les efforts entamés dans le cadre des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement (OMD). Ces derniers avaient été lancés en 2000 en vue notamment d'éradiquer l'extrême pauvreté dans le monde d'ici 2015.

    « Ce nouveau Programme est une promesse faite par les dirigeants aux gens du monde entier. C'est une vision universelle, intégrée et transformative pour un monde meilleur », a salué le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, dans un discours prononcé à l'ouverture du Sommet.

    Au festival Global Citizen qui s'est déroulé samedi soir à Central Park à New York, Ban Ki-moon a exhorté la foule à s'investir pour un monde meilleur et faire des objectifs mondiaux de développement durable une réalité.

    « Servez-vous de votre passion et de votre compassion et faites des objectifs mondiaux une réalité mondiale », a dit M. Ban aux gens rassemblés sur une pelouse du grand parc new-yorkais.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    MESSAGES CLÉS (mai - août 2015)

    La poursuite des hostilités et la présence de groupes armés dans la région continuent de contraindre l'accès humanitaire. Une présence sécuritaire renforcée sur les principaux axes routiers et en dehors des grands centres urbains est nécessaire pour permettre un accès sûr et sécurisé aux acteurs humanitaires et limiter les actes de banditisme contre les populations civiles.1

    2 L’insécurité alimentaire et la malnutrition (en augmentation) restent des menaces permanentes auxquelles les populations de la région, soumises à la violence d’hommes en armes et forcées aux déplacements massifs, doivent faire face.

    3 Le manque de financement dans certains secteurs d’intervention, notamment les abris d’urgence et l’eau, l’hygiène et l’assainissement, entre autres, entravent les efforts de normalisation et de transition de l’urgence au relèvement.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mali, Rwanda

    HIGHLIGHTS

    Population of concern

    A total of 34,401 people of concern

    Funding

    USD 20,567,209 requested


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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Mali

    L’Union européenne alloue 10 millions d’euros pour la mise en œuvre d’un projet conjoint

    28 septembre 2015, Bamako – Dans le cadre de la lutte contre la faim au Mali, le PAM et la FAO procèderont au lancement sur plusieurs semaines d’une nouvelle initiative pour lutter contre l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle à travers la mise en œuvre d’un projet conjoint intitulé « Appui à la résilience des populations vulnérables au nord du Mali ».

    Cette initiative, financée par l’Union européenne et dont le lancement s’étalera sur plusieurs semaines, vise à rétablir les moyens d’existence et à renforcer les capacités de production des petits paysans des régions nord du pays. Les trois organisations joignent ainsi leurs efforts pour s’attaquer aux causes profondes de l’insécurité alimentaire et nutritionnelle touchant les populations les plus démunies du nord du Mali suite aux diverses crises politiques, sécuritaires et climatiques ayant affecté la région.

    «La réduction de la faim dans le monde grâce au développement d'une agriculture durable est une priorité pour l'Union européenne», rappelle l'Ambassadeur de l'Union européenne au Mali. Selon Alain Holleville, «dans les régions du nord du Mali, sensibles aux aléas climatiques et fragilisées par la crise sécuritaire, un appui à la résilience des populations est indispensable si on veut les aider à sortir de la pauvreté».

    Des crises à répétition

    Les trois dernières années ont été particulièrement éprouvantes pour les populations des régions nord du Mali qui, déjà affaiblies par une importante sécheresse au Sahel, ont également subi les conséquences d’un conflit armé qui a conduit au déplacement de populations et à la destruction des infrastructures.

    Pour atténuer les effets des crises, une assistance humanitaire vitale a certes été apportée aux ménages vulnérables afin de répondre aux besoins alimentaires d’urgence et de relance immédiate de la production agricole. «Néanmoins, de nombreuses communautés restent dans une situation précaire qui pourrait être dévastatrice si un autre choc touchait ces populations avant qu'elles n’aient eu le temps de recouvrer leurs moyens d’existence », a déclaré Sally Haydock, Représentante du PAM au Mali.

    En vue d’inscrire la réponse à l’insécurité alimentaire des populations du nord touchées par le conflit et les chocs climatiques dans des perspectives de long terme, construire la résilience des communautés constitue donc une priorité stratégique. « Construire la résilience permet également de contribuer aux efforts de stabilisation de la zone durant la période transitoire en cours » a ajouté Fatouma Seid, Représentante de la FAO au Mali.

    Bâtir la résilience pour combattre la faim

    Faisant suite au succès d’un projet similaire dans le sud du Mali, l’Union européenne a alloué un montant de 10 millions d’euros (soit 6,5 milliards F CFA) pour la mise en œuvre de ce programme conjoint.

    Touchant directement plus de 180 000 bénéficiaires, l’intervention renforcera la résilience des populations vulnérables par un appui à la protection, la restauration et le renforcement des moyens d’existence. Les populations seront dotées d’actifs de production leur permettant d’améliorer la qualité et la quantité de leur production. Le projet favorisera également le renforcement des organisations paysannes, permettant aux petits producteurs d’accéder à des marchés plus importants et augmentant ainsi leurs revenus.

    Ces résultats seront atteints grâce à la mise en place d’activités de réhabilitation d’infrastructures agricoles, pastorales et piscicoles, à la provision d’intrants de production ainsi qu’à des formations sur les techniques agricoles, la commercialisation et les bonnes pratiques nutritionnelles.

    Informations supplémentaires:

    Pour la Délégation de l’Union européenne au Mali Assa Diallo Maïga Assa-Diallo.MAIGA@eeas.europa.eu

    Pour la FAO Oumou Sanogo Oumou.Sanogo@fao.org

    Pour le PAM Irshad Khan Irshad.khan@wfp.org

    This news release was issued by FAO Mali:

    Avenue de la Liberté – Dar Salam Route de Koulouba – Commune 3 BP 1820 Bamako

    Tel: +223 20 22 37 13 Fax: +223 20 22 36 46 Email : FAO-ML@fao.org


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria, World

    LES TITRES

    • Tchad : des dizaines de milliers de déplacés sans assistance humanitaire (French.China.Org.Cn, 23/09/15)

    • Lake Chad – new violence, new displacement (UNHCR, 24/09/15)

    • Lac Tchad: la Croix-Rouge cherche à intensifier son action face à la crise humanitaire (CICR, 16/09/15)

    • Finding a new family in a refugee camp in Chad (UNICEF, 17/09/15)

    • Boko Haram: près d' 1,5 million d'enfants déplacés en six ans (Swissinfo.ch, 18/09/15)

    • Lancement à N’Djamena des journées de vaccination contre la poliomyélite (IINA, 22/09/15)

    • Lancement d'une campagne de vaccination contre le tétanos (French.China.Org.Cn, 23/09/15)

    • Lancement d'une campagne pour la scolarisation des filles (French.China.Org.Cn, 23/09/15)

    • Millions going hungry because of Boko Haram (IRIN, 11/09/15)


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nigeria

    Highlights

    Cholera outbreak in Borno State

    • 17th day of outbreak from first reported case

    • Number of IDP camps affected camps affected remain the same

    • Incidence in communities still on the increase, but decreasing in camps

    • A total of 408 cases with 13 deaths (CFR =3.2%) recorded

    • 23 new cases with no deaths reported as at 24th September: all 23 cases being treated as in-patients

    • No discharge as at 24th September

    • 56 patients currently on admission in CTC

    All Humanitarian actors are requested to upscale their response in their various areas of responsibilities in order to address and mitigate the cholera outbreak. In this regard, UNHCR is increasing it emergency shelter response in and around Maiduguri.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: IRIN
    Country: Nigeria

    KADUNA, 28 September 2015 (IRIN) - Malama Amina stands quietly in the middle of her late husband’s compound in northwestern Nigeria trying to figure out how she will feed herself and her six children in the coming months.

    Thieves stole 48 cows during a raid on their village in Kaduna State earlier this year. Her husband was killed trying to save the herd. At an average sale price of $500 per cow, the family lost its entire life savings as well as its sole means of income.

    “They [left] us with nothing,” 40-year-old Amina told IRIN. “I don’t know how to take care of my children because we depended on the cows to survive.”

    Amina borrows milk from a neighbour’s cow and sells it to earn what she can, but it isn’t enough.

    Cattle theft has long been a problem in the region but the general insecurity caused by the Islamist militant group Boko Haram has emboldened seasoned rustlers, while others struggling with endemic poverty and unemployment have turned to it as a lucrative second ‘career’.

    The rustlers are not believed to have direct ties to the Boko Haram insurgency, which has killed more than 15,000 people and displaced more than 2.1 million, but they wage similar, armed attacks on villages, setting homes on fire and killing anyone who stands in their way.

    “Our people’s livelihoods are being destroyed by these bandits who kill and take away their animals,” Dodo Oroji, chairman of the Miyetti Allah Cattle Breeders Association of Nigeria (MACBAN), told IRIN.

    Accurate numbers are hard to gauge as many thefts go unreported, but the association estimates that at the current rate Nigeria will lose around 40 million cows to rustling over the next two years. Most attacks occur in remote villages, close to forested regions in the northwest where there is little security presence.

    Some rustlers, however, have become more brazen. Former vice president Namadi Sambo, for example, lost more than 1,000 cows to rustlers during one raid last year.

    Livelihoods destroyed

    Like Amina, most of the victims depend on these animals as their main source of income. Instead of depositing their money in banks, farming families often save their profits by investing in livestock.

    Though the big money comes from selling the animals during holidays or religious festivals, the animals are also used to plough fields and transport produce to and from market. Cow’s milk can also be sold daily to earn a little extra, while the dung is a key component of fertiliser for many farmers.

    Without the animals, crop yields are also expected to suffer. Once the cattle are gone, it can take years to build up a sizeable herd again. Many find it is impossible to recover financially.

    For all these reasons, many men are willing to sacrifice their lives to protect their cows. So as the raids have become more deadly, many families are also losing their main breadwinner.

    Britain’s Department for International Development estimates that the sale of Nigerian animal skins and meat amounts to more than $800 million in foreign revenue each year. It warns that unless the rustlers are stopped, the economy in the north of the country could be crippled.

    “People are afraid to venture into the cattle business because of the increase in rustling across the northern region,” Abdiel Kude, executive director of the Global Community Prime Initiative, a local NGO that promotes livestock farming, told IRIN. “If people don’t want to venture into the business because they are not sure of getting good profits, it becomes a problem.”

    MACBAN’s Oroji said many farmers and herdsmen have begun migrating to neighbouring countries to keep their animals safe. This not only does drains money away from Nigeria but it also uproots families.

    "Their migration affects the education of their children," Oroji explained. "When they migrate, the children will be out of school, and because the parents spend more time rearing their animals they have no time to enrol the children in another school.”

    Fighting back

    Following a recent spate of attacks in Bimin Gwari, a town a few kilometres outside Kaduna’s main city, regional officials met in July to form a joint security operation to drive the rustlers out. It ended up recovering around 2,000 stolen cattle and arresting a number of suspected rustlers.

    “Already, our joint security personnel have begun operations in these forests that link our states, but we need to deploy more troops to that area to stop the criminals from terrorising our people in the villages,” Kaduna State Governor Nasir El-Rufai told IRIN.

    Nigerian authorities are now working with neighbouring countries to prevent the cross-border sale of stolen cattle and to return any stolen animals to their rightful owners.

    Officials from Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger are also discussing ways to address the underlying causes. These include diminishing grazing lands, conflicts between nomads and farmers, and ethno-religious tensions between the various tribes. But the principal cause of the insecurity allowing the rustlers to operate with a sense of impunity is the hardest to address: the Boko Haram insurgency.

    mi/jl/ag


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Mauritania


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    Source: UN Population Fund
    Country: Benin, Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    The crisis caused by the Boko Haram insurgency threatens to undermine development throughout the region.

    UNITED NATIONS, New York/DAKAR, Senegal – Thousands of people have been killed and millions displaced in the Lake Chad Basin region, the result of a relentless and ongoing campaign of violence by Boko Haram insurgents. With the disaster threatening to undermine decades of development, heads of state, leaders of United Nations agencies and civil society chiefs gathered at UN Headquarters today to address the urgent needs of women and young people, and to forge partnerships for building resilience among terrorized communities.

    The event, chaired by UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, underlined the scale of a vast and deteriorating humanitarian crisis. “Adolescents, women and children are fighting a daily struggle,” said Dr. Osotimehin.

    The impacts of the insurgency reach from Nigeria, Niger and Cameroon to Chad, Benin and beyond. “Two-and-a-half million people – including 1.5 million children – have been displaced since May 2013,” said Kyung-wha Kang of the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. “This is Africa’s fastest growing displacement crisis.”

    “I thought I could escape. But I was wrong.”

    “More than 2,000 girls have been abducted by Boko Haram since 2011,” UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Fatoumata Ndiaye told attendees at the event.

    Hafsat Lai, 26, was among those captured. “When gunmen came to my village, killing everyone in sight, I thought I could escape. But I was wrong,” Ms. Lai recounted, not long ago, at a UNFPA-supported safe space in Nigeria.

    Ms. Lai was abducted with her 2-year-old son, Ismail, in Nigeria’s Borno State. It was the last time she saw her two other sons, Bawa, 8, and Mohammed, 6.

    “When the shooting stopped, we were all led like animals into the forest. I saw babies die and watched in pain as children were asked to bury them. In Sambisa Forest, I was asked to renounce my religion or be treated as a slave. I refused, and I was flogged daily.”

    The abuses she described are common among survivors of captivity. Many have been raped, forced to marry their captors, and to give birth without medical assistance.

    Sexual violence is a deliberate “tactic of terrorism, integral to their strategy of domination and self-perpetuation,” Zainab Hawa Bangura, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, told the leaders at today’s event. “Boko Haram has institutionalized the brutalization of women and girls, destroying their communities, and waging war on their physical, sexual and reproductive autonomy and rights.”

    It is a crisis UNFPA and partners are working to address. “Many of women and girls among the displaced are pregnant. Some have tested positive for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections,” Dr. Osotimehin noted. “This raises serious concerns for the sexual and reproductive health of a whole generation of women and girls who have endured sexual violence in the hands of their captors.”

    Undermining development

    It is not only people on the front lines who are affected. Huge displaced populations are being hosted by communities already grappling with hunger and poverty. The unrest has caused widespread school closures and disrupted trade.

    “About one third of our population is people who have to be helped because of Boko Haram,” said Aichatou Boulama, Niger’s minister of foreign affairs. The crisis contributes to “high mortality rates, low life expectancy, poor access to employment, poor access to education, and poor access to sexual and reproductive health, knowledge and services,” explained Dr. Osotimehin.

    Interventions are needed across the board, said former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo. “We cannot talk of education and leave out health. We cannot talk of education and health and leave out employment.”

    Ensuring women, young people have a future

    Solutions must involve those worst affected – women and youth – the attendees underlined. “We have to get women involved in seeking solutions to the problems of security, governance and development. They have to be empowered, they have to become resilient,” said Mariam Mahamat Nour, the Chadian Minister of Planning and International Cooperation.

    “Over 60 per cent of populations in the affected countries are below the age of 25, and over 40 per cent are below the age of 14,” Dr. Osotimehin said. These youth represent a source of enormous potential for the region.

    With growing numbers of people entering into working age, the affected countries could experience a boost in economic productivity – known as a demographic dividend – but only if youth see the right investments and opportunities, despite the persistent turmoil.

    “We are dealing with a large population of young people who are susceptible to the influences [of extremists], who need the opportunity of education and employment if they are to see that there is a future for them,” said Gordon Brown, the UN Special Envoy for Global Education. “It is said you can survive for 40 days without food, eight days without water and eight minutes without air,” he said, “but not for a second without hope.”

    Protect and empower the youth in the region

    “Peace, security and stability in Sub Saharan Africa will only be secured if we address the general fragility of our youths that expose them disproportionally to a myriad of threats across the continent, from terrorism to dying in the ocean trying to reach Europe or similar unacceptable adventures. By creating hope, they will be protected from all kind of manipulation and radicalization that threaten both decades of development gains of the Millennium Development Goals area and potential gains expected from the upcoming Sustainable Development Goals”, has highlighted UNFPA Regional Director for West and Central Africa, Mr. Mabingue Ngom.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    CONTEXTE
    La période de mai à août 2015 a été caractérisée par la recrudescence de l'insécurité, notamment l'attaque et la prise d’otages du mois d’août à Sévaré par les groupes armés, ainsi que la persistance des actes criminels (assassinats, braquage, vols, etc.) dans certains cercles. Les évaluations ménées par les partenaires, font état de plus de 4 700 personnes affectées par les inondations dans les cer- cles de Mopti, Koro et Youwarou. Environ 600 000 personnes sont à risque d’insécurité alimentaire selon le cadre harmonisé.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    CONTEXTE
    La situation sécuritaire de la région est relativement calme. Cependant le rapport du comité de crise de la région fait état du ralentisse- ment des activités et échanges économiques sur certaines foires hebdomadaires à cause de la peur des attaques terroristes. La région a aussi enregistré des cas d’inondations (cercles de San et Bla) et d’épidémies (diphtérie et rougeole). Selon le rapport du cadre hamo- nisé, plus de 300 000 personnes sont à risque d’insécurité alimentaire et la prévalence de la malnutrition aigüe depasse 11% (SMART 2015).


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    In 2015, the ICRC has stepped up its efforts to help some of the many hundreds of thousands of people affected by the Lake Chad conflict who lack even the basic necessities of life. We are building shelters, distributing food and essential household items, facilitating access to medical care and water, visiting security detainees and helping to re-establish contact among families separated by the conflict.

    Food, household goods and farming support

    Nigeria

    • 325,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) received food and essential household items.

    • 8,700 families who fled the violence last year and have since returned home received maize seed and fertilizer.

    • We helped 1,500 women widowed by the conflict.

    Cameroon

    • 8,500 families received food, 5,280 of these families also received essential household items.

    • 5,000 families hosting displaced persons received 100 tonnes of seed each.

    • Farmers received some 250 tonnes of fertilizer so they could grow staple foods.

    Niger

    • 113,000 people received food and 17,500 received household items.

    • 1,000 households received seed.

    • 500 rice producers received fertilizer.

    T- he ICRC dewormed more than 1 million cattle, to increase their productivity and help ensure people in the area had sufficient food.

    Chad

    • The ICRC and the Red Cross of Chad distributed household items to 2,000 families who had fled violence on the islands of Lake Chad.

    Health care

    Nigeria

    • We renovated facilities, provided medical supplies/equipment and trained staff at 10 primary health centres, which serve 380,000 people.

    • 15 health facilities in the north-east received first-aid supplies and medicines to help them handle mass-casualty incidents.

    • An ICRC surgical team at Maiduguri State Specialist Hospital treated people with weapon wounds and IDPs in need of emergency care; 246 people received surgical care, most of them after having been injured in bomb explosions.

    • We trained 140 medical personnel from hospitals in the north-east in the treatment of people with weapon wounds in mass-casualty situations, such as bomb explosions

    Niger

    • We provided equipment, drugs and personnel to health facilities in Diffa and Bosso.

    Chad

    • We donated supplies for treating people with war-related wounds to the hospital that admitted 75 casualties following two explosions.

    Shelter, water and sanitation

    Nigeria

    • The ICRC renovated or upgraded water points and sanitation in communities affected by armed violence, and in camps and sites for displaced persons.

    • More than 70,000 people received water, we built 130 latrines in IDP camps in Maiduguri, and 7,600 IDPs in Yola, Maiduguri and Kaduna states received tents, shelters or roofing materials.

    Cameroon

    • We improved conditions for the inmates of Maroua and Bertoua central prisons.

    Niger

    The ICRC installed:

    • 30 water points in areas affected by the conflict, benefitting 84,000 people;

    • a 5,000-litre water tank for the inmates of Diffa prison.

    First-aid training

    • Red Cross Society personnel and others received first-aid training and first-aid kits.

    Restoring family links

    Nigeria

    • The ICRC and the Nigeria Red Cross Society collected 1,143 requests to help trace a separated family member.

    • The Nigeria Red Cross facilitated 1,500 free phone calls between family members who had become separated from each other.

    Cameroon

    • The ICRC and the Cameroon Red Cross registered 123 unaccompanied children in Minawao refugee camp.

    Niger

    • The ICRC and the Niger Red Cross registered 69 unaccompanied children in Diffa and located the families of 46 of them.

    • The Niger Red Cross facilitated more than 50 free phone calls between separated family members.

    • The ICRC took steps to inform families of the fate of people reported as having been arrested.

    Chad

    • The ICRC collected 623 Red Cross Messages, distributed 408 and facilitated 10,000 phone calls between people in Chad and the Central African Republic, Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Sudan, European countries, the Middle East and the U.S.

    Management of dead bodies

    • Nearly 200 Nigerian emergency personnel received training in the proper management of dead bodies, partly to ensure that officials record information that could help people looking for missing relatives.

    Visiting detainees

    • The ICRC visits people held in military and police detention facilities and in prisons.

    • We are running nutrition programmes in certain prisons and enabling detainees to keep in touch with their families.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon

    APERÇU DE LA SITUATION

    La Région de l’Extrême Nord a reçu la visite du Sous Secrétaire Général, Coordonnateur humanitaire pour le Sahel du 11 au 12 septembre 2015. Il était accompagné de Mme Le Coordinateur Résident ONU-Cameroun, OCHA, ECHO, DFID PAM et OMS. Au cours de sa visite, Il a rencontré les autorités régionales avec qui il a abordé les questions humanitaire relatives a la protection des refugies et des personnes déplacées internes. Plusieurs autres sujets ont été abordes avec le Gouverneur.

    Le Coordonnateur humanitaire pour le Sahel a tenu une réunion avec le personnel humanitaire au cours de laquelle un briefing du profilage phase 2 et la mission de monitoring à Kousseri a été fait.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    28 septembre 2015 – Le Président du Mali, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita, a lancé lundi un appel pressant à la communauté internationale pour qu'elle apporte un soutien technique et financier à l'application de l'accord de paix inter-malien parachevé en juin 2015.

    « Après huit mois de discussion avec nos frères des régions du nord qui avaient pris les armes, je suis particulièrement heureux de vous présenter l'Accord pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali, issu du processus d'Alger, dont le processus de signature a été parachevé à Bamako le 20 juin 2015 », a déclaré M. Keita dans un discours devant l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU.

    Devant les autres Etats membres des Nations Unies, le Président malien a solennellement réitéré « l'engagement du gouvernement du Mali à respecter tous ses engagements découlant de l'Accord ».

    Il a indiqué qu'à cet égard, le Comité de suivi de l'Accord, qui a commencé ses travaux le lendemain de sa signature, a déjà, entre autres, adopté son règlement intérieur et le calendrier de mise en œuvre de l'Accord, mis en place ses quatre sous-comités, examiné les options de financement de son fonctionnement et travaille à aplanir la question de la représentation des mouvements.

    « Pour sa part, le gouvernement du Mali a élaboré et présenté au Comité de suivi, un plan d'action global de mise en œuvre de l'Accord et un plan d'urgence pour la période intérimaire », a ajouté M. Keita.

    Le Président du Mali a toutefois souligné que la mise en œuvre de l'Accord « représente le défi majeur du processus de paix ».

    « C'est pourquoi, je voudrais ici lancer un appel pressant à la communauté internationale, particulièrement aux amis du Mali, en vue de la mobilisation effective des ressources techniques, matérielles et financières nécessaires à l'application de cet Accord », a-t-il ajouté. « Dans cette perspective, le gouvernement organisera, le 22 octobre 2015, à Paris, une 'Conférence pour le développement du Mali : les régions du nord au cœur de la paix et de la relance économique' ».


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria


    0 0

    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon


    0 0

    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Germany, Ghana, Libya, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, World

    Aboard the Werra, Undefined | AFP | Tuesday 9/29/2015 - 02:42 GMT

    by Alberto PIZZOLI

    On the hunt for people-smugglers in the Mediterranean, a German navy ship is sailing off the coast of Libya when it gets a report of an unidentified boat adrift.

    The crew of the Werra scramble to gear up in life vests and helmets. Guns are at the ready, with the team prepared for any trouble, fingers on triggers.

    It proves a false alarm -- just a Libyan fishing boat that didn't answer initial radio calls.

    Salam Sayed, a German soldier of Egyptian origin, speaks to them in Arabic and all is back in order.

    But half an hour later, there's another alert: Argos, one of the boats chartered by medical charity Doctors Without Borders (MSF) to help rescue migrants, has reported another boat adrift 80 kilometres (50 miles) off the Libyan coast.

    This time it's a large dinghy loaded with migrants, struggling in the waves.

    The German ship immediately sends out two of its boats to the dinghy -- one to make contact with the people on board and the other for additional security.

    But there is no threat and the two boats, along with one sent by Argos, begin to transport the migrants back to the Werra.

    One by one the 96 men, 42 women and two children board the big ship, welcomed by crew dressed in masks and white protective suits.

    Crew members then help the migrants from one procedural step to the next, gloved hands on weary shoulders.

    Everyone is photographed and gets a plastic bracelet with an identification number. All personal belongings are meticulously searched and then placed in envelopes for retrieval when they leave.

    Most of the migrants come from Nigeria, Ghana, Senegal and Sierra Leone. Once on the Werra, they follow orders silently, looking a bit lost.

    • 'It was my dream' -

    The medical staff tends to some of the weaker migrants. Many receive sheets and pillows so they can rest on a rear deck of the ship, some opting to lie out in the sunshine.

    Crew members in their protective plastic suits walk around giving water bottles to people -- gesturing in explanation because of the language barrier. They quickly hand out meals to the exhausted migrants so they can go and sleep.

    Several men and women sit in a circle, holding hands in an improvised prayer of thanks.

    This is the third rescue operation of this kind for the Werra, which has about 100 crew members and has been involved since July in the European Union's military operations.

    "The emotion really changed. The crew members like to help, they enjoy helping, and after the operation there is an enthusiastic feeling," said Christian Lueders, the ship's chaplain.

    The European mission to intercept smugglers' boats and rescue migrants has saved thousands of lives since it was initiated in late June.

    The operation was initially called EUNAVFOR Med, but on Monday, the EU announced it had been renamed Sophie, after a baby girl who was born on a German rescue ship, the Schleswig-Holstein, that picked up her Somalian parents off Libya on August 22.

    The mission comprises four ships, including an Italian aircraft carrier, and four planes. It is manned by 1,318 personnel from 22 European countries.

    Lueders said that while some German sailors are worried how the unprecedented migrant influx could change their country, the crew is delighted to be able to save lives.

    Sayed, who joined the army last year specifically for these types of missions and whose family in Frankfurt pays subsidised rent as refugees, said these missions make him proud.

    "It was my dream to do anything to help these people," he said.

    "They put their own lives at risk for their children, just to flee and try to find better chances in another country."

    ap/fcc/ob/lm/ach/ri

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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