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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Yaoundé, Cameroon | AFP | Sunday 9/20/2015 - 15:04 GMT

    Two young suicide bombers killed three people in far north Cameroon on Sunday, the latest attack to hit a region that has been rocked by strikes blamed on Boko Haram Islamists from neighbouring Nigeria.

    The youths set off their suicide belts in the town of Mora as a police officer became suspicious of their appearance and approached to question them, a security source said.

    "The toll is five dead including two civilians, a police inspector and the two suicide bombers," a security source at the scene told AFP.

    A separate source close to regional security forces confirmed the toll and said the attackers, who aimed to target the town's market, were a "young girl and a young boy," without giving any more details.

    "If they had succeeded in their plan, the toll would have been terrible," the second source added.

    The police officer who was killed had just finished his shift and gone to the market to buy food, the security source said.

    "When he saw five suspects he challenged them, but the first suicide bomber exploded himself," killing the officer immediately.

    The second bomber then detonated his device a few hundred metres (yards) away, while the other three suspects fled, the source added.

    A police hunt was underway for the remaining suspects.

    One person was said to be in serious condition after the attacks.

    It was the third time this month the area has been hit by double suicide blasts -- seven people were killed in a strike in Kolofata on September 13 and between 20 and 40 people died in a bombing on September 3 in Kerawa.

    Since July, around 100 people have died in suicide attacks in the extreme north of Cameroon, which has joined the regional fight against Boko Haram.

    The Nigerian-based Islamists have seized countless children and youths during their six-year insurgency that has killed at least 15,000 people and left more than two million homeless.

    The town of Mora is situated on a crossroads leading north to Chad and Cameroon and west to Nigeria.

    It is also the headquarters of one sector of the multinational force fighting Boko Haram as well as housing a Cameroon motorised infantry base.

    The multinational force involves troops from Cameroon, Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Benin.

    Nigeria's military on Saturday claimed further gains in its counter-offensive against Boko Haram, but the group's shadowy leader Abubakar Shekau dismissed the talk of success as "lies".

    rek-jpc/sba/pvh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Maiduguri, Nigeria | AFP | Sunday 9/20/2015 - 23:05 GMT

    Three bomb blasts on Sunday rocked the northeastern Nigerian city of Maiduguri, the stronghold of Boko Haram Islamists, the army said, but there were no immediate reports of casualties.

    "There were three improvised explosive devices explosions at Gomari and Ajilari general area in Maiduguri at about 7:21 pm (1821 GMT)," military spokesman Sani Usman said in a statement.

    "Although details are not clear, it is important to note the attacks signify high level of desperation on the part of the Boko Haram terrorists," he said.

    Local residents spoke of hearing at least two explosions within a few minutes of each other in the restive city's densely-populated Binta Sugar area.

    "We heard the first sound around 7:40 pm (1840 GMT) shortly before we entered the mosque for the last prayers of the day," said Musa, who lives in the nearby Bulunkutu neighbourhood.

    "I later gathered the bomb blast occurred at Binta Sugar," he said. A few minutes later, another bomb went off in the same area.

    "There was serious fireball after the second explosion," added another local resident, Ndahi Mache.

    It was not clear if there were any casualties but police, soldiers and civilian vigilantes have cordoned off the area, witnesses said.

    Usman confirmed that members of the security forces had been deployed to the area and said the army was determined to defeat "Boko Haram terrorists in the shortest possible time."

    The military has made a series of gains against Boko Haram after President Muhammadu Buhari recently set a three-month deadline to wipe out the extremists.

    Maiduguri, the capital of Borno state and the birthplace of Boko Haram, has been the epicentre of the six-year-old insurgency of the hardline Islamist group.

    Boko Haram which seeks to carve out an Islamic state in the mainly-Muslim northeast Nigeria has killed at least 150,000 and displaced more than two million people since 2009.

    Apart from suicide attacks on so-called "soft targets" such as markets, bus stations and mosques, the insurgents have also carried out cross-border attacks in Chad, Cameroon and Niger.

    A regional multi-national force involving 8,700 troops from Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Niger and Benin is due to deploy to fight the extremists.

    str-joa/mfp

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    Highlights

    · On 02 September, Mohamed ould Ahmed Salem ould Mohamed Rare was appointed as the new commissioner for food security. Mrs. Nejwa mint Kettab was nominated deputy commissioner.

    · From 31 August to 07 September WFP and UNHCR with the support of ten partner organizations conducted a joint assessment mission (JAM) to the camp and host community to collect data.

    Situation Update

    • As per FEWSNET latest food security outlook, the agropastoral conditions have improved with the first rains. This should positively impact the performances of the next harvests (October/November) and the food security of most vulnerable. However, poorest agricultural and agropastoral families will continue to need assistance to protect and restore their livelihood.

    • The preliminary results of the JAM conducted by WFP, UNHCR and partners organizations in the camp and in the host community show that the disruption of the food assistance to the refugees in the past six months have negatively impacted the food security and nutritional status of refugees; jeopardizing achievements made since the beginning of the operation. Furthermore the evaluation shows that the prolonged presence of refugees weigh increasingly on the already scarce resources of host communities (water, pastures , etc.)


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    • Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.

    • Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    • Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience that need to be reinforced.
    • Prolonged displacement puts additional stress on the communities hosting 33,692 Malian refugees since 2012 and 15,088 of their animals.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Chad

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    • Food insecurity aggravated by chronic drought and negative coping strategies, in the context of limited capacity. Malnutrition is not only linked to food insecurity, but also caused by poor eating habits.
    • Recent and former population displacement due to conflicts in neighboring CAR, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan (security volatility around Chad).
    • Lack of functional health facilities and qualified medical staff (only 450 doctors for 13.2 million people), poor sanitation and limited access to clean water and basic services.
    • A country prone to natural disasters such as drought, floods and crop enemies, which further undermine the already fragile livelihoods of the most vulnerable.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    • Recurring natural disasters such as droughts and floods combined with the volatility of markets, pushed many households and communities into chronic vulnerability.
    • Conflict in northern Nigeria and CAR continue to displace refugees to Cameroon, and causes internal displacements. In addition, increasing insecurity in the far North of Cameroon and along the border of CAR hampers humanitarian access.
    • Poor coverage of sanitation and access to clean water remain the main causes of malnutrition and water-borne diseases.

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Faits saillants

    • Le nombre estimé de personnes déplacées internes depuis le 21 juillet s’élève à plus de 40 795, soit une réduction d’environ 15% par rapport aux estimations antérieures. Cette différence est due aux déplacements secondaires liés à l’assistance humanitaire ou à des estimations erronées. Ces personnes sont désormais réparties dans 17 sites spontanés, des communautés hôtes et le long de l’axe Meli-Bol.

    • Les personnes déplacées internes bougent constamment entre sites et localités ce qui rend difficile leur enregistrement ainsi que l’estimation de leurs besoins.

    • De ces personnes déplacées, seulement 16 169 ont reçu une assistance humanitaire (soit 40%) dans les sites de Bol centre, Yakoua, Kaya, Koudouboul,
      Kollom, Kafia, Kousseri, Tagal, Dar al Nahim, Koulkime, et Bibi.

    • Des besoins urgents restent à combler dans les secteurs des abris (20 000 personnes sur 12 sites), la sécurité alimentaire (30 000 personnes n’ont reçu aucune assistance), l’eau, l’hygiène et l’assainissement (90% n’ont pas accès à des latrines et plus de la moitie n’ont pas bénéficié d’activités liées à l’hygiène) et la santé.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Gambia, Senegal


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mauritania


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Nigeria


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Senegal


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    Source: UN Office on Drugs and Crime
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, World

    UNODC launches strategy against human trafficking and migrant smuggling in West and Central Africa

    7 September, 2015 - UNODC recently launched its Regional Strategy for Combating Trafficking in Persons and Smuggling of Migrants in West and Central Africa. With these two regions considered points of origin, transit and destination for victims of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants, the new Regional Strategy aims to assist the affected countries in dismantling the criminal networks while at the same time protecting the victims of these crimes.

    By some estimates, in the first half of 2015 almost 2,000 migrants died in the Mediterranean Sea while trying to reach European coasts. Most of the migrants pay large sums of money to organized crime networks exploiting their vulnerability. As part of an illegal industry which generates billions of dollars in profits annually, thousands of persons from West and Central African, a number of them children, are also trafficked every year for sexual exploitation, forced labour, organ trafficking, or as child soldiers.

    The new Regional Strategy covers 22 African countries and includes the following goals:

    • Improving national and regional coordination and cooperation;
    • Enhancing information and data, and ensuring this is kept up-to-date;
    • Strengthening the involved States' legal frameworks and public policies;
    • Building the capacity of the region's criminal justice systems;
    • Providing support to victims of human trafficking and smuggling of migrants; and
    • Raising awareness on these issues in the region.

    In a statement delivered at the Strategy's launch, UNODC Executive Director Yury Fedotov highlighted the low conviction rate reflecting the impunity still associated with these crimes and called for a global synergy among stakeholders, whether they are members of Governments, parliamentarians, prosecutors or representatives from civil society and the private sector.

    Through its West and Central Africa office based in Dakar, Senegal, UNODC regularly supports national and regional efforts against human trafficking and migrant smuggling. The Office helps countries in the region to produce and implement laws and strategies in line with the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the protocols related to these criminal activities.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Nigeria

    21 September 2015 – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has condemned the multiple bomb attacks at a mosque and nearby areas conducted by suspected Boko Haram elements in Maiduguri in north-east Nigeria on Sunday.

    The attacks in Borno state reportedly killed at least 50 civilians and injured scores of others.

    “The Secretary-General extends his sincere condolences to the families of the victims to whom he wishes a speedy recovery,” his spokesperson, Stéphane Dujarric, said at a press briefing in New York.

    “The Secretary-General is deeply concerned about the continuing brutal attacks against civilians, including children,” he said. “He is also deeply concerned about the increasing number of those displaced, including some 500,000 children over the past five months, with serious humanitarian consequences.”

    Mr. Ban reiterated the UN’s support to the Nigerian Government in its fight against terrorism, which should be grounded on international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law, the spokesperson added.


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