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- 08/26/15--12:33: _Mali: Nord du Mali:...
- 08/26/15--18:48: _Cameroon: Doomsday ...
- 08/26/15--22:25: _World: Global Emerg...
- 08/26/15--23:43: _Nigeria: What does ...
- 08/27/15--01:54: _Niger: Qatar Charit...
- 08/27/15--03:49: _Chad: “Additional f...
- 08/27/15--04:05: _Chad: « Sans financ...
- 08/27/15--08:57: _Cameroon: Cameroon:...
- 08/27/15--12:05: _Chad: The fear that...
- 08/27/15--13:31: _Nigeria: 2015 Niger...
- 08/27/15--18:24: _World: Global Weath...
- 08/28/15--05:29: _Nigeria: An Assessm...
- 08/28/15--06:32: _Niger: Diffa/Niger:...
- 08/28/15--07:11: _Niger: Niger: Tenda...
- 08/28/15--07:16: _Niger: Niger: Key f...
- 08/28/15--07:20: _Niger: Niger SRP 20...
- 08/28/15--09:55: _Burkina Faso: Burki...
- 08/28/15--19:00: _Chad: Chad Displace...
- 08/28/15--21:42: _Burkina Faso: Moham...
- 08/29/15--10:03: _Mali: Mali/accords ...
- 08/26/15--18:48: Cameroon: Doomsday and back again
- 08/26/15--22:25: World: Global Emergency Overview Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
- 08/26/15--23:43: Nigeria: What does Nigeria need to do to become polio-free?
- 08/27/15--18:24: World: Global Weather Hazards Summary August 28 - September 3, 2015
Widespread, heavy rainfall over the past few weeks has caused flooding over local areas of West Africa. Heavy rain is forecast to continue during the next week, elevating flooding risks over many already saturated areas.
Significant rainfall is forecast to continue over eastern Chad and western Sudan, heightening risks for localized flooding and potential waterborne disease outbreaks.
Although rainfall over Eastern Africa has increased during the past few weeks, seasonal deficits have persisted in south-central and eastern Sudan, western Eritrea, and northeastern Ethiopia due to the delayed onset and uneven rainfall distribution during the June-September season.
Despite the recent increase in rainfall, the much delayed start to the rainfall season has resulted in drought, which has severely impacted ground conditions and already led to livestock deaths across parts of north-central and eastern Ethiopia.
- 08/28/15--07:16: Niger: Niger: Key figures (as of 28 August, 2015)
- 08/28/15--07:20: Niger: Niger SRP 2015: Funding status as of 28 August 2015
- 08/28/15--19:00: Chad: Chad Displacement and Malnutrition
- 08/29/15--10:03: Mali: Mali/accords de paix : En quoi s’engagent les signataires?
Bamako, Mali | AFP | mercredi 26/08/2015 - 19:15 GMT
Les groupes armés progouvernementaux maliens qui occupent la ville d'Anéfis, dans le nord du pays, ont refusé mercredi de la quitter comme le demandait la médiation internationale pour apaiser la crise, et la situation était tendue sur le terrain, a-t-on appris de sources concordantes.
Le Groupe d'auto-défense touareg Imghad et alliés (Gatia, pro-Bamako) avait pris Anéfis (à 120 kilomètres au sud de Kidal, bastion des rebelles touareg), après trois jours de combats meurtriers du 15 au 17 août, contre la coordination des mouvements de l’Azawad (CMA), la rébellion à dominante touareg du nord du Mali.
Ces combats s'étaient déroulés en violation de l'accord de paix pour le Mali conclu au printemps, signé par le gouvernement malien et ses alliés, puis par les rebelles.
Lundi, la médiation internationale pour la paix dans le nord du Mali avait appelé les groupes armés à revenir à leurs positions d'avant les combats.
"Nous venons de finir une réunion avec la médiation internationale. Elle nous demande de quitter sans conditions la ville d'Anéfis. Nous refusons catégoriquement", a déclaré à l'AFP Habala Ag Amzata, un responsable du Gatia, un des mouvements de la Plateforme (coalition de groupes pro-Bamako).
Dans un communiqué mercredi, la Plateforme avait donné "son accord de principe de se retirer d'Anéfis" mais elle estimait "nécessaire, pour des raisons de sécurité des populations, de voir les Fama (forces armées maliennes), accompagnées des forces internationales, s’y déployer sans délai".
"Il a été clairement demandé aux groupes de la Plateforme de quitter sans aucune condition la localité d'Anéfis. La réunion s'est terminée en queue de poisson", a affirmé à l'AFP une source de sécurité au sein de la Mission de l'ONU au Mali (Minusma) qui a participé à la réunion, à Bamako, à l'initiative de la médiation conduite par l'Algérie.
La situation "sur le terrain était tendue" mercredi, a déclaré à l'AFP une source militaire africaine au sein de la Minusma. "A Anéfis, les groupes armés de la Plateforme ont renforcé leur dispositif militaire. A Kidal, la rébellion renforce également son dispositif", a-t-elle dit.
"C'est également tendu vers la localité de Aguelhok (dans l'extrême nord-est). On signale des mouvements de groupes armés qui convergent vers là-bas", a ajouté la même source.
Une source de sécurité régionale a parlé de son côté "de risque rapide de dégradation de la situation sur le terrain". Selon elle, "la colère gronde. Il faut prendre des initiatives parce que des deux côtés, les groupes armés opposés veulent reprendre la guerre".
Malgré l'accord de paix, le nord du Mali reste instable et sous la menace d'attaques de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda, en dépit de l'intervention armée internationale en cours depuis 2013.
© 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse
From Nigeria to Cameroon: stories of survival
Civilians continue to suffer the worst of the recurrent, violent attacks in north-east Nigeria and the Lake Chad region. Thousands have died in brutal raids and suicide bombings. In Minawao camp, the main refugee settlement in Cameroon’s Far North Region, more than 45,000 Nigerians have found refuge. And there are more families arriving every day.
“The environment is harsh. There are no trees, it’s very hot and difficult to get water,” says Luca Isaac, the camp president, and a refugee himself. “But at least we feel safe.”
ABIGUEL AND TITUS
Abiguel, 23 years old, was pregnant when Boko Haram attacked her village in north-east Nigeria. “We thought it was doomsday. They killed so many people. We ran for our lives to the border with Cameroon and came here bare-footed, without anything.”
Abiguel and her husband found refuge with a host family near the border. But the militants came to attack that village too. “They entered the house. My husband tried to jump over the fence, but they caught him. They killed him before my eyes. I could not even go and see his corpse. They would have shot me too.” Abiguel had been married for only ten months when her husband was killed. She remained hidden for the night. In the early morning hours, she started running and did not stop or turn until she saw a car. That is how she made it to Minawao.
During her first month in the camp, she did not speak a word, and hardly ate anything. Other camp residents took care of her and slowly brought her back. Soon after, she gave birth to her first child, Titus. “When I saw that it was a boy, I was happy again, for the first time. I thought that my husband was back,” Abiguel said, gently caressing the tiny feet of her son who is now six months old. “All that is left of my husband is this ID card. I keep showing it to Titus. It is the only picture he will ever see of his father.”
SCARS OF TRAUMA
Abiguel’s story is only one of the thousands of harrowing stories you will hear in this camp. The refugees now have found protection and basic assistance. But many are still nursing physical and mental wounds from the attacks. Families have been separated, relatives have been lost: all recount tales of brazen atrocity, fear for their lives, and difficult escapes. The traumatic experiences make adjusting to the already harsh refugee life even more difficult.
REBUILDING HEALTH AND HOPE
The two health centres at the camp, set up with the support of the UN agency for refugees (UNHCR), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the international NGOs Doctors Without Borders (MSF) and International Medical Corps (IMC), can deal with smaller surgical operations, such as open wounds and burnings. More complicated interventions are transferred to the hospital in the nearby town of Mokolo. Staff there are struggling with the constant increase of patients.
But even more complicated to manage is the mental damage inflicted on the refugees. To help overcome trauma, IMC is offering post-traumatic stress counseling. The majority of patients are women. Some are children as young as five years old. “It is also a cultural challenge. Many patients do not open up easily,” said Gislaine Djoupe, an IMC nurse specialized in mental health. “We do not necessarily dig for trauma, and avoid to have the patient relive the emotions of the crisis. No one is obliged to talk.”
But not all victims of violence seek professional support and with more than 44,000 residents at the camp – almost all of whom have suffered traumatic distress – the counseling services cannot possibly deal with all cases. “The community has a very important role to play,” said Gislaine Djoupe. “If the person feels safe, she will open up more easily.” Survivors need an ear to listen to them, and while psycho-social mechanisms are in place to help them manage distress, it cannot work without the support of the community and the other refugees themselves. The solidarity of families and friends can help soothe the effects of their harrowing experiences.
As in many conflicts, help tends to reach those in need only after violence has struck them in life-shattering ways. Humanitarian aid can provide protection, assistance, and basic psychological support. But the incredible strength to re-start living against all odds lies within the affected people and communities themselves.
Snapshot 11 August – 25 August 2015
Haiti: Insecurity has increased since legislative elections. Violence and intimidation were reported at many polling stations and a second round of voting is planned, following low voter turnout. Food security has deteriorated as a result of prolonged drought conditions since the beginning of 2015: poor households in Sud, Sud-Est, Nord-Est and Artibonite will remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) food security outcomes through December. Recent cholera rates are triple those of the comparable time period in 2014.
Chad: Between 21 July and 21 August, over 41,000 people were displaced in the Lake Region because of the escalating number of attacks related to the Boko Haram insurgency and rapid deterioration of the security situation. The conflict has displaced 75,000 people since January.
South Sudan: There are widespread reports of renewed clashes between government and rebels. Some humanitarian organisations have evacuated staff to safer areas. The conditions inside PoC camps continue to deteriorate following an influx of over 61,000 IDPs since 30 June. In Malakal PoC the number of diarrhoea cases arriving weekly has doubled and the number of malaria cases has tripled.
Updated: 25/08/2015. Next update 01/09/2015.
“This is the time for Nigeria to be very vigilant, alert and to maintain its extraordinary efforts,” says Dr Arshad Quddus from the World Health Organization.
Dr Arshad Quddus is the coordinator of the Polio Strategy Support and Coordination unit at the World Health Organization (WHO). In August, he took part in the meeting of the Expert Review Committee (ERC) in Nigeria. Here, he speaks about the extraordinary efforts in Nigeria to date, the work still to be done, and what motivates him to eradicate polio.
What was the purpose of the ERC meeting in Nigeria last week?
This ERC meeting in Nigeria reviewed the progress made in Nigeria and identified the ways and means to strengthen the gains of the last few years. Finally, the committee identified the major risks and advised the Nigeria team on how to address them.
Nigeria has recently passed a big unofficial ‘milestone’ with one year of no wild poliovirus cases confirmed. What factors are responsible for this progress?
I think there has been remarkable progress with extraordinary efforts made to achieve it. There have been a number of innovations that the programme has incorporated that can be labelled as game changers. The most important of these was getting political commitment at all levels, with the engagement of the President, religious and traditional leaders, as well as the community networks. By improving accountability frameworks with clearly described roles and responsibilities, establishing health camps in some of the very difficult to reach areas, developing new strategies to vaccinate children, substantial progress was made.
How confident do you feel in the progress seen in Nigeria against wild poliovirus?
The ERC review has increased our level of confidence because it reviewed the situation very critically. It seems like Nigeria’s surveillance system has improved overall because it is showing better indicators, and because no case of WPV or positive environmental sample has been found in the last year. So there is a degree of confidence in this progress that has been made in Nigeria. Having said that, we know that pockets of low immunization coverage remain in some of the high-risk areas. That is why everyone needs to redouble their efforts to fill all the remaining gaps, both in vaccinations and in surveillance.
What are the risks to polio eradication in Nigeria now?
During the ERC everybody agreed that the important thing is to build on the gains, and to do that we need to be aware of the risks. There are expanding areas of insecurity and inaccessibility, particularly in Borno and Yobe in the north east. There are still pockets with low immunization coverage in Kano, Kaduna, Sokoto and Katsina. The programme really has to focus on these areas to improve population immunity and to fill residual surveillance gaps. There is a third big risk that the sense of achievement could lead to complacency that the job is done. There is still a long way to go. Polio needs to be kept top of the priority list until the job is done.
What does the programme have to do to target those areas of insecurity in the north east?
The programme has rich experience in reaching children in insecure and inaccessible areas. For example, permanent transit teams vaccinate any children going in or out of those areas; there are campaigns that seize on windows of opportunity as and when areas open up. We are also scaling up surveillance and immunization activities in camps for the internally displaced populations and enhancing coordination with countries where the population of these conflict-affected areas have moved, such as Cameroon and Niger. In addition we are expanding environmental surveillance, including to key urban areas in Borno.
What are the three key things Nigeria has to do to ensure it becomes polio-free?
Nigeria has to maintain the highest possible level of protection through immunization coverage, and figure out how to reach the children we are currently missing. This is the time for Nigeria to be very vigilant and alert and to redouble its efforts, which means they have to make sure that the surveillance system is strong and gaps are filled. And thirdly, we have to continue to have the highest level of political commitment and to enforce accountability.
Do you think we are close to overcoming the remaining challenges?
I think this recent progress in Nigeria paves the way for Africa to become polio free. It is challenging, but the recent progress that is being made is encouraging. Certainly Nigeria, and Africa, is closer than ever. But even if Africa finishes the job, a lot will depend on how quickly we progress in Pakistan and Afghanistan. We know from past experience how quickly and how far poliovirus can spread. But we are very, very close. We are at the brink of achieving eradication.
What motivated you to work in polio eradication?
I joined this programme in 1999. In those early days, the sense that eradication was achievable if we just improved immunization pulled me in. I spent ten years working in Afghanistan. Vaccinating children in those conflict-affected and difficult to access areas was very challenging. We would work to find additional children to immunize, protecting them not only from polio but also from other vaccine preventable diseases. There was always a sense of achievement and satisfaction in trying to overcome these challenges.
Qatar Charity Niger and United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have signed an agreement to distribute 18 tons of seeds to 12,000 small farmers and sheep to 100 at-risk female-headed households. As a key strategic implementing partner of FAO, Qatar Charity Niger selected the beneficiaries in the 124 villages who are regularly affected by drought and threatened by period food crises, organized the procurement and logistical arrangements.
Three months ago, Qatar Charity initiated a wide-ranging seed bank and farming sponsorship program also in partnership with FAO at a cost of more than QAR 120,000 (USD 33,000). More than 6000 small farmers in Dosso, Tillabéri, and Tahoua are benefiting in 144 villages.
(Dakar - N’Djamena, 27 August 2015) – The Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Sahel, Toby Lanzer, today completed a four-day visit to Chad during which he travelled to the Lake Chad region to assess the humanitarian impact of ongoing crisis in the Lake Chad Basin. At the end of his visit, Toby Lanzer called on the international community to ramp up its support in response to the multi-faceted humanitarian challenges affecting the country. “Chad is the seventh largest refugee-hosting country in the world. Now is the time for the aid community to scale up its support for humanitarian action, especially for people in the Lake Chad region”, said the Regional Humanitarian Coordinator. “Prior to this recent crisis, a quarter of the nation’s population needed humanitarian assistance”.
In the last weeks alone, the worsening security situation in the Lake Chad region forced over 41,000 persons to flee from their homes on islands and relocate to safer areas inland. “Communities witnessed unspeakable atrocities and violence. Entire families are uprooted and now face a very precarious humanitarian situation.
Many fled without anything but the clothes on their backs. People do not have access to sufficient potable water or food, are highly vulnerable to diseases, and are out in the open sleeping under trees”, explained RHC Lanzer.
The ongoing crisis has put additional pressure on the already stretched resources and livelihoods of both those displaced and the communities that host them. Insecurity is preventing many farmers from accessing their lands on the eve of the harvest season which represents a lifeline for most Sahelian communities.
“Some people had to flee their homes a couple of weeks after having planted their crops. The closure of the border between Chad and Nigeria further is impeding trade and disrupting ancestral migration routes for herders and cattle. Fishermen too, are deprived of their livelihoods”, explained Toby Lanzer. “The food security of many families is seriously compromised, much more than usual at this time of the year.
Communities that count amongst the world’s most resilient now fear they won’t have enough to eat”.
Humanitarian teams are on the ground supporting Chadian authorities to respond to vital needs in the Lake Chad basin. However, the volatile security situation and dynamic population movements make the response particularly challenging. In addition to assisting the newly displaced who are scattered across over twenty informal settlements and with host communities, humanitarian teams must also respond to the needs of over 34,000 people who arrived in the past weeks.
This year’s humanitarian appeal for Chad calls for US$ 572 million to address the most pressing needs throughout the country. It is the highest of the nine Sahel countries. To date, only 35 percent of its financial requirements have been met. “Without urgent additional financial support, the humanitarian situation in Chad risk to seriously degrade”, warns Lanzer.
Chad is host to over 750,000 displaced persons, the majority of whom are refugees or Chadian returnees who fled from the Central African Republic, Libya, Nigeria, and Sudan. Some 2.4 million people are food insecure and 350,000 children under five year are expected to suffer from of acute malnutrition in 2015. The country is also prone to public health emergencies, with high prevalence of malaria, cholera or measles, while maternal mortality rates are among the highest in the world. In addition, natural disasters such as droughts and floods regularly hit Chad and affected nearly one million people in 2014 alone.
(Dakar -N’Djamena, le 27 août 2015) – Le Sous-Secrétaire Général des Nations-Unies et Coordonnateur Humanitaire Régional pour le Sahel, M. Toby Lanzer, vient d’effectuer une visite de quatre jours au Tchad durant laquelle il s’est notamment rendu dans la région du Lac Tchad pour y constater l’impact humanitaire de la crise dans le bassin du lac Tchad. Au terme de sa visite, Toby Lanzer a exhorté la communauté internationale à se mobiliser davantage face aux multiples défis humanitaires qui touchent le pays. « Le Tchad est le septième pays qui accueille le plus de réfugiés au monde. La communauté internationale doit urgemment renforcer son soutien à l’action humanitaire, en particulier en faveur des déplacés dans la région du Lac affectés par la crise » a-t-il souligné. « Avant la crise récente, un quart de la population– soit 3 millions de personnes – avait déjà besoin d’assistance ».
Le contexte sécuritaire dans la région du Lac a forcé plus de 41 000 personnes à fuir les îles pour s’installer dans des zones plus sécurisées à l’intérieur des terres au cours du dernier mois. « Les communautés rencontrées ont été témoins d’une horreur et d’une violence indicible. Des familles entières se trouvent dans une situation humanitaire préoccupante. Beaucoup ont fui sans rien emporter. Elles manquent d’eau potable et de nourriture, sont exposées aux risques de maladies, et dorment sous les arbres», a déploré Toby Lanzer.
La crise exerce une pression supplémentaire sur les ressources alimentaires et les moyens de subsistance déjà limités des personnes déplacées, mais aussi des communautés hôtes vulnérables. A l’approche de la saison de récolte -un moment clé pour la subsistance au Sahel- beaucoup d’agriculteurs n’ont plus accès leurs champs des causes de l’insécurité. « Certains ont dû fuir quelques semaines seulement après avoir planté la terre. La fermeture de la frontière entre le Tchad et le Nigéria perturbe aussi les échanges commerciaux ainsi que les circuits de migrations des éleveurs et du bétail. Les pêcheurs se retrouvent également sans activité génératrice de revenu pour assurer leur survie », a expliqué Toby Lanzer. « Plus encore que les autres années, la sécurité alimentaire des familles de la région est en péril. Ces communautés, pourtant parmi les plus résilientes au monde, craignent aujourd’hui de ne plus pouvoir se nourrir».
Pour répondre aux besoins vitaux dans la région du Lac, les acteurs humanitaires sont sur le terrain, en partenariat avec les autorités Tchadiennes. Cependant la situation sécuritaire et la volatilité des mouvements de population constituent un défi majeur. En plus des nouveaux déplacés répartis sur une vingtaine de sites spontanés et dans des familles d’accueil, la communauté humanitaire doit poursuivre l’assistance pour 34 000 personnes arrivées au cours des dernières semaines.
L’appel de fonds pour la réponse humanitaire au Tchad en 2015 est le plus élevé des neufs pays du Sahel. A ce jour, seulement 35% des 572 millions de dollars américains requis ont été reçus. Selon Toby Lanzer, «sans financement supplémentaire urgent, nous risquons une dégradation générale de la situation humanitaire au Tchad».
En 2015, le Tchad accueille plus de 750 000 personnes déplacées, dont une majorité de réfugiés et de retournés Tchadiens venus de la Centrafrique, de la Lybie, du Nigéria et du Soudan. Quelque 2.4 millions de personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire, et 350 000 cas de malnutrition aiguë globale sont attendus d’ici la fin de l’année. Le pays est aussi affecté par des urgences sanitaires telles que la forte prévalence du paludisme, le risque d’épidémie de choléra ou de rougeole, et un taux de mortalité maternelle parmi les plus élevés au monde. Par ailleurs, des catastrophes naturelles comme les sécheresses et les inondations frappent régulièrement le Tchad, et avaient ainsi touché près d’un million de personnes en 2014.
Pour obtenir des informations supplémentaires, veuillez contacter :
Mayanne Munan, OCHA Tchad, firstname.lastname@example.org, +235 62 93 48 26
Berenice Van Den Driessche, OCHA, email@example.com, +221 77 333 91 95 (Dakar)
Pour en savoir plus sur les besoins humanitaires au Sahel et sur la réponse en cours, visitez: www.unocha.org/sahel2015
A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
Following the overthrow of President François Bozizé, a major humanitarian crisis began in May 2013 that led to the displacement of thousands of CAR nationals. Many fled to neighbouring countries like the DRC, Congo, Chad and Cameroon. They arrived in very miserable conditions; some with wounds, and others malnourished.
The appeal was revised several times to take into account the influx of more refugees, persistent armed clashes in CAR, and the needs of the host population. Various IFRC, Cameroon Red Cross staff and volunteers were briefed, trained and deployed to provide assistance to those in need. Services in emergency shelter, food and non-food items distribution, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, emergency health and care, restoration of family links (RFL) and disaster preparedness and risk reduction were provided. This was done in collaboration with partners such as the Cameroon government, ICRC, the French Red Cross,
UNHCR, UNFPA, World Food Program (WFP), ECHO, African Humanitarian Association (AHA), International Relief and Development (IRD), MSF (Médecins sans Frontières) and Première Urgence.
These actions of the EPoA have significantly improved the living conditions of the refugees and host populations, and guaranteed them some measure of dignity. The capacities of Cameroon Red Cross volunteers and staff were also significantly enhanced through this operation. However, insufficient funding, violence perpetrated by some of these refugees on humanitarian workers, harsh climatic conditions and lack of sufficient volunteer time hampered the smooth running of the operation. Other issues such as the riot caused by some refugees at the Guiwa refugee site which resulted in the abduction of the UNHCR Head of Sub office, and caused serious security concerns. This led to the UNHCR leaving the site and the full responsibility of these refugees to the Cameroon Red Cross, under the supervision of IFRC.
The violence in CAR has abated, but the situation is still volatile and uncertain. Similarly the security situation in Cameroon was severely affected by incursions into the country orchestrated by armed groups from CAR; and several cases of harassment and kidnapping were reported in border localities. Some refugees mostly men, mustered courage to return home, leaving their families behind. Cameroonian security forces continue to work tirelessly to protect people and their property. To date, the UNHCR reports that there are still more than 224,000 CAR refugees in Cameroon, who still need assistance in various sectors. Most of them are still based in the East Region of Cameroon.
Attacks perpetrated by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad region have increased over recent weeks, and military presence in the area has also expanded in response. The number of people who have been forced to flee their homes has more than doubled, bringing the total number of displaced in the area to 75,000. The fear that has been instilled in the population – consisting of refugees from Niger and Nigeria, and Chadians themselves – has only been exacerbated by the continuing violence which shows no sign of abating. Mental health needs are high, and with this latest rise in violence, will only continue to grow.
From the beginning of its response to this crisis in Chad in March this year, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) saw an immediate need to incorporate psychological care into its medical activities. Today, working in the Dar Es Salam refugee camp in the Lake Chad region, MSF’s psychologists listen to stories of horror and the ongoing fear that plagues the daily lives of survivors. Among the patients seeking psychological support in MSF’s refugee camp clinic, one in four show signs of depression. Sleeping disorders, severe emotional reactions and trauma-related anxiety reactions are also commonplace.
“I saw Abeni*, a 16 year old girl who had fled from Baga in Nigeria,” recounts Forline Madjibeye, MSF psychologist. “Both of her parents were killed, as well as her neighbours. She took the hand of her little brother and her nephew, as well as the four children who belonged to her neighbours, and eventually she made it here. I spoke with her yesterday and she said she still does not have a refugee card, and is not receiving any food. The children are crying because they are hungry.”
Escaping from this situation and arriving to extremely difficult living conditions only compounds the psychological effects of such trauma. According to Forline, the responsibility of taking care of six children in a refugee camp, combined with what she has experienced in Nigeria, has taken an enormous toll on Abeni. She continues to re-experience the fear, she is unable to sleep, is extremely stressed, and is suffering depression because her future is completely uncertain.
“We want to be able to give back some sense of control to Adeni, so that she can better handle the fear and sadness she is experiencing and take care of herself and the children,” continues Forline. “This is not an easy situation, and others have sadly been through it too. So I encourage her to share her experiences with other refugees, and not to stay at home alone.”
With an increase in violence in the region, insecurity has followed the refugees since the moment of their departure. Although they may have believed they were fleeing to safety, they are instead still haunted by the events, they do not feel secure, and thus continue to relive the trauma. ‘Home’ is now a gathering of exposed tents in the middle of a desert, where they may be vulnerable to further attacks.
Aurelia Morabito, a psychologist who has been working for MSF in Lake Chad for the last two months, explains that the symptoms patients display are intrinsically linked to the traumatic events that refugees have experienced, but also the living conditions and feelings of fear they face on arrival.
“The process of recovery is long. People have witnessed horrible things, they become refugees, and then they arrive to a camp where life is grim and very tough. Initially, they have post-traumatic stress, they cannot sleep. But then there is no option but to stay. You are not only a victim of Boko Haram, you now have to go through the process of accepting life as a refugee, of having to take care of life in a different place, and of having to live with the reality that you have no idea what tomorrow holds.”
Since starting the program in March, MSF psychologists have seen some 524 patients. Teams provide individual and family or couple consultations, and children can also partake in a weekly drawing workshop to express what they are feeling.
“It is easier for children to express their fears through drawing,” says Aurelia. “Afterwards, we talk about the pictures with them and their parents with the aim to help them control their fears. In every session, the children recount horrible stories through their drawings. We see pictures of guns and helicopters, and decapitated people. We hear stories of children who left Nigeria, only to experience another attack in Niger, to come back to Nigeria to see the violence again. Many have run alone through the night, or stayed the night hiding in the water, hoping nobody will find them.”
The aim of the MSF mental health team is to provide support to the refugees to lessen the burden of the trauma, and to ensure that they have a professional to talk to for as long as they need. Psychologists listen to patients in a safe and confidential space, and through acknowledgement of their suffering, help them find the best coping strategies.
“Through our sessions, MSF psychologists listen and try to normalise the reactions of the refugees,” explains Aurelia. “This helps to stabilise and secure the patient while they connect with others and share experiences. We know that we cannot make the suffering go away, but we can help people to deal better with their unbearable reactions.”
MSF has been working in the Lake Chad region of Chad since March 2015, soon after the first waves of refugees fleeing Boko Haram violence in Nigeria began. In addition to its mental health program in the Dar Es Salam refugee camp, MSF is also carrying out mobile clinics providing basic healthcare to the resident and displaced population. The organisation will also soon incorporate a mental health component to these mobile clinics.
In the capital, N'djamena, MSF supported Ministry of Health hospitals following two Boko Haram attacks that took place on 15 June and 11 July. Since April, MSF has been training Ministry of Health staff in N'djamena on management of mass casualties and made donations to three hospitals of the capital, in order to help increase the national capacity to respond to emergency scenarios.
MSF has been working in Chad for over 30 years. The organization runs regular programs in Abéché, Am Timan, Massakory and Moissala. In July this year, MSF also started working in Bokoro in Hadjer Lamis province in response to acute malnutrition.
*name has been changed to protect identity
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IOM Highlights Psychosocial Needs of Displaced People in Eastern Nigeria
Nigeria - IOM, with financial support from the US, French and German governments, has released a report based on a psychosocial needs assessment of internally displaced persons (IDPs) carried out in Yola, Adamawa State, in eastern Nigeria in April 2015.
The needs assessment identified the psychosocial needs of IDPs who have fled the Boko Haram insurgency and are now living in camps and host communities in Yola.
Using a community-based approach, the report is aimed at agencies involved in efforts to provide humanitarian assistance in Nigeria’s northeast, particularly in the area of psychosocial social support and mental health care.
The assessment revealed several weak points in the provision of psychosocial support to the IDPs. It points to an absence of adequate psychosocial support services and a huge gap in addressing the mental health concerns of those affected by the humanitarian crisis.
Key recommendations from the assessment include the need to have a Standard Operating Procedure, including a referral pathway, for patients in need of specialized mental health care, and improved coordination through the creation of a group dedicated to mental health and psychosocial support discussions.
The assessment also underscores the need for livelihoods support and calls for the development of livelihood activities alongside psychosocial support activities for the affected populations, especially vulnerable groups, including women.
According to IOM project manager Luana Giardinelli: “Providing opportunities for the displaced population to take care for their own livelihood would contribute to strengthening their psychosocial well-being and would help ease the stress they are experiencing.”
Since July 2014, IOM has been providing psychosocial support to people who have been displaced by insurgency and counter-insurgency activities in Borno and Adamawa states.
The programme’s activities are aimed at: understanding the psychosocial needs of the IDPs; providing direct psychosocial services to the IDPs based on the needs assessment findings; establishing community mobilization groups; and strengthening the capacity of national actors to respond to the needs of the IDPs.
The report can be downloaded from: http://nigeria.iom.int/sites/default/files/newsletter/Psychosocial%20Nee...
For further information, please contact Luana Giardinelli at IOM Abuja, Tel +234 (0) 706 702 6240), Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
De 2011 à 2015, un total de 1,7 milliard de dollars a été requis pour l‘action humanitaire au Niger à travers le Plan de Réponse Stratégique (CAP/SRP). Un total de 1,4 milliard de dollars a été mobilisé, soit un taux de financement de 82 pour cent.
Grâce aux fonds rendus disponibles par les donateurs, les acteurs humanitaires, en soutien au Gouvernement, ont apporté une aide humanitaire intégrant le développement des capacités de résilience des communautés affectées par l’insécurité alimentaire, la malnutrition, les épidémies et les catastrophes naturelles. Cette assistance a également profité aux migrants vulnérables, aux réfugiés, aux déplacés ainsi qu’aux communautés qui les accueillent. On observe depuis 2012, une tendance à la baisse tant au niveau des besoins financiers, qu’à celui des financements reçus.
Toutes les années restent marquées par une récurrence de l’insécurité alimentaire et de la malnutrition, avec un pic pour l’insécurité alimentaire en 2010. En 2012 et 2013, la situation s’est aggravée avec l’arrivée massive des personnes déplacées de la Libye, de la Côte d’Ivoire et du Mali ainsi que des inondations qui ont touché plus de 500 000 personnes. Quant à 2014 et 2015, on enregistre un important flux de mouvements de populations dû à la situation sécuritaire du Nord-Est du Nigéria, en plus d’une augmentation sensible du nombre de personnes en insécurité alimentaire par rapport à 2012/2013.
Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso | AFP | vendredi 28/08/2015 - 17:00 GMT
Le gouvernement du Burkina a appelé vendredi au respect des décisions du Conseil constitutionnel (CC) après un appel à la "désobéissance civile" lancé par des pro-Compaoré pour protester contre l'exclusion de certains candidats aux élections législatives d'octobre.
"Le gouvernement (du Burkina Faso) invite l’ensemble des acteurs à la retenue et au respect des décisions du Conseil Constitutionnel, dans l'objectif de préserver la paix et la concorde nationale", indique un communiqué transmis à l’AFP.
L'exclusion de certains candidats du Congrès pour la démocratie et le progrès (CDP), le parti de l’ex président Blaise Compaoré, respecte "à tout point de vue (...) nos textes électoraux", poursuit le communiqué.
Le Bureau de l'ONU pour l'Afrique de l'Ouest (Unowa) basé à Dakar a invité vendredi les acteurs politiques burkinabè à utiliser "des voies légales" pour exprimer leurs positions.
Mardi, le Conseil constitutionnel a déclaré "inéligibles" 42 militants du CDP et ses alliés politiques, les accusant d'avoir "encouragé l’ancien chef de l’Etat dans sa volonté de modification de la Constitution en vue d'empêcher l’alternance démocratique" au Burkina Faso. Ce projet a été fatal à son régime.
En réaction, le CDP a appelé à la "désobéissance civile" contre une "décision arbitraire".
Les décisions du Conseil constitutionnel ne sont susceptibles d'aucun recours. Cependant, les partis de l'ex-majorité ont toujours la possibilité de remplacer ces personnalités "inéligibles" par de nouveaux candidats.
Ces 42 pro-Compaoré sont visés par une loi votée en avril par l'assemblée intérimaire, mise en place après la chute de M. Compaoré, qui rend "inéligibles" les personnes ayant "soutenu un changement inconstitutionnel portant atteinte au principe de l'alternance démocratique".
Blaise Compaoré, qui voulait changer la Constitution afin de pouvoir se représenter, a été chassé du pouvoir le 31 octobre 2014 par une insurrection populaire à l'issue de 27 ans de règne.
Un régime dit de transition, dirigé par le président Michel Kafando et le Premier ministre Isaac Zida, a été mis en place après sa chute. Il doit prendre fin avec les élections présidentielle et législatives dont le premier tour est prévu le 11 octobre.
Ouagadougou, 27 August 2015 – The Special Representative of the United Nations Secretary General and Head of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA), Mr. Mohamed Ibn Chambas, conducted a three-day mission to Ouagadougou from 25 to 27 August 2015, to hold consultations in the context of the ongoing electoral process in Burkina Faso.
During his visit, Mr. Chambas met with the transitional authorities, national institutions of defense and security, leaders of political parties as well as representatives of Burkina Faso civil society organizations.
Following the announcement of the decision of the Constitutional Council regarding the ineligibility for some candidates to the polls of 11 October 2015, Mr. Chambas encourages all political actors to express their positions through legal and political channels and in peaceful manner, taking into account the overall interest of the people of Burkina Faso, and in compliance with their commitments towards the Agreement of good conduct adopted on 21 August 2015.
The Special Representative of the UN Secretary General reiterates the United Nations commitment to support the electoral process based on broad popular support, a pledge of the enhancement of participatory democracy in Burkina Faso.
Mr. Chambas therefore calls on everyone to continue working toward peace and social cohesion, to allow that Burkina Faso remains a pole of stability in the West African region
Le processus de paix au Mali est grippé par la crise d'Anefis où la sincérité des signataires des accords est remise en cause.
Les groupes armés de la Plateforme refuse de quitter la ville du Nord du pays qu'ils occupent, en violation du cessez-le-feu et des accords de paix et de réconciliation au Mali.
Mais qu'est-ce qu'un accord de paix? Quelle est sa valeur juridique et en quoi engage-t-il les signataires? Ce sont entre autres des questions que l'on peut se poser.
(Interview: Marc Lavergne, géopolitologue du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, en Franceè propos recuillis par Karim Djinko de Mikado-FM)