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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    The Special Representative of the Secretary-General and Head of MINUSMA, Mr. Mongi Hamdi, travelled to Brussels to meet with officials of the European Union.

    During his stay, he was received by officials of the European External Action Service and the Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development. He also briefed the Political and Security Committee of the European Union, which comprises the 28 ambassadors of the Member States. The Special Representative outlined recent developments in the peace process in Mali as well as the major challenges that MINUSMA and Mali’s partners face.

    He seized the opportunity to call on the Member States of the European Union to remain engaged in Mali and to support short-term peace dividends.

    “The signing of the Peace Agreement is a decisive step but does not constitute peace and reconciliation in itself. This is why we need to remain engaged in Mali, particularly since extremist groups are already trying to sabotage this Agreement,” Mr. Hamdi continued.

    He recalled that the Malian conflict has major implications for security in the sub-region as well as the need to jointly find a comprehensive solution that includes, among other things, a strengthening of the fight against terrorism and crime.

    “While MINUSMA is the most dangerous United Nations mission, with 42 peacekeepers killed since its deployment in 2013, the United Nations remains committed to peace and reconciliation in Mali,” he explained.

    Mr. Hamdi paid tribute to the work of EUTM and EUCAP Sahel Mali in reforming the security sector. He stressed that if the security aspects of the Agreement are implemented in an inclusive, consensual and timely manner, this will have a positive impact on the efforts to stabilize the regions of the north. He also recalled that a solution cannot be exclusively based on security, but also needs to include the development of the regions affected by the crisis.

    Mr. Hamdi concluded his intervention by calling on the countries and institutions of the European Union to participate in the financing of projects that can produce concrete results.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    Depuis le 1er juin au 03 juillet 2015, 3.043 personnes (soit une moyenne de 87 personnes / jour) sont arrivées spontanément au camp de Minawao.
    Au 11juillet 2015, la population totale de réfugiés s’élève à 43.343 personnes. 60% de la population totale du camp à moins de 18 ans, les femmes représentent 53% de la population totale et 70% des personnes à besoins spécifiques.
    Avec l’augmentation de la population, la capacité d’accueil du camp a atteint ses limites et crée de nouveaux besoins.
    Ces besoins sont notamment l’identification d’un nouveau site pouvant désengorger le camp de Minawao, l’approvisionnement en eau et en quantité suffisante, la construction de nouveaux abris familiaux, la mise en œuvre des activités de prévention du choléra et le renforcement des mesures sécuritaires.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic


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    Source: Human Rights Watch
    Country: Nigeria

    New Leader’s First Visit Since Taking Office

    (Washington, DC) – United States President Barack Obama should raise critical human rights challenges in Nigeria with President Muhammadu Buhari, who will arrive in Washington, DC, on July 20, 2015, for a high-level visit, Human Rights Watch said in a letterto Obama that was released today.

    Obama should encourage Buhari to keep his commitment to ensure that government security forces respect human rights and to address the endemic corruption that has deprived many Nigerians of their basic rights.

    “Buhari’s visit to Washington is an important moment to re-evaluate the US-Nigeria relationship, but any closer ties and assistance should be approached with caution,” said Mausi Segun, Nigeria researcher at Human Rights Watch. “If the US is discussing further financial or technical support for Nigeria’s security forces it should insist on clear benchmarks on how they will ensure respect for human rights.”

    Buhari’s visit to the US, his first since he was elected in March, will focus on attempting to strengthen bilateral cooperation against terrorism in Nigeria, specifically against the militant Islamic rebel group Boko Haram. The visit will also seek to improve economic and trade relations.

    The conflict in the northeast between Boko Haram and Nigeria’s security forces has become increasingly deadly and is one of the critical challenges facing Nigeria’s new administration. An estimated 8,000 civilians are believed to have been killed since 2010, 400 of them since Buhari’s inauguration on May 29, 2015. Nearly one million people have been displaced. There is abundant evidence that Boko Haram forces have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity. The group has targeted civilians in Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon, and Chad, abducted hundreds of women and girls, forcibly conscripted young men and boys, and destroyed villages, towns, and schools.

    In responding to Boko Haram, Nigerian government security forces have been implicated in grave violations of human rights and international humanitarian law, including incommunicado detention, extrajudicial killings, and enforced disappearances. The Nigerian police are also credibly implicated in several highly publicized extrajudicial killings of Boko Haram members or suspects. Almost no one has been held to account for human rights crimes. On July 13, Buhari replaced the national security adviser, the chief of defense staff, and the military service chiefs.

    Obama should press Buhari to immediately suspend any member of Nigeria’s security forces, including senior officers, for whom there is credible evidence of involvement in serious human rights abuses, and hold them to account in fair trials, Human Rights Watch said.

    Human Rights Watch also urged Obama to raise corruption issues with Buhari as well as the need to repeal the Same-Sex Marriage (Prohibition) Act, which became law during the administration of Nigeria’s previous president, Goodluck Jonathan. The law criminalizes public displays of affection between same-sex couples and penalizes organizations advocating the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people.


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    Source: Government of Ghana
    Country: Ghana

    Fan Milk Limited has donated 1,500 cartons of Fandango drink worth Gh 5,000 and a cheque of 20,000 Ghana Cedis to the National Disaster Management Organization (NADMO) in support of the June 3 flood and fire victims.

    Presenting the donation on behalf of Fan Milk Limited, Mr. Jonathan Ocansey, the Human Resource and Public Relations Manager expressed his deepest condolence to the victims and bereaved families. He said the donation forms part of the company’s corporate social responsibility and believed NADMO was the right organization to receive the donation on behalf of the victims.

    Receiving the items on behalf of NADMO, Mrs. Sarah Adinku, Director in charge of Hydrometeorological Department thanked them for their kind gesture.

    “The drinks have come in the right time since most of the victims need vitamins to help them regain their strength”, She said.

    She stated that the drinks would be distributed to the victims at the hospital and those discharged and urged other organizations to emulate Fan Milk Limited in supporting these disaster victims.


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    Source: Government of Ghana
    Country: Ghana

    Bestcare Humanitarian Aid Foundation, a charitable non-governmental organization with a focus to provide social service where needed, has presented 12 boxes of clothing to support the victims of the June 3 flood and fire disaster. The items included 5 boxes of female cloths and 7 boxes of male cloths.

    Presenting the items on behalf of the CEO of the foundation, Madam Lydia McCarthy, Mr. Jacob Ashia Bortey, head of IT said the donation forms part of the foundation’s objective to support the deprived in the society and hope the donation will go a long way to relieve the plight of the affected victims.

    Receiving the items on behalf of NADMO, Ms. Charllotte Asantewa Acheampong, Director in charge of Climate Change thanked the foundation for the kind gesture and show of compassion towards the victims.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général et Chef de la MINUSMA M. Mongi Hamdi, s’est rendu à Bruxelles pour rencontrer les responsables de l’Union Européenne.

    Durant son séjour, il a été reçu par les responsables du service Européen pour l’Action Extérieure et de la Direction Générale de la Coopération internationale et développement international. Il a également briefé le Comité Politique et de Sécurité de l’Union Européenne réunissant les 28 ambassadeurs des Etats membres. Le Représentant Spécial a exposé les évolutions récentes du processus de Paix au Mali ainsi que les défis majeurs auxquels la MINUSMA et les partenaires du Mali sont confrontés.

    Il a saisi cette occasion pour appeler les Etats membres de l’Union Européenne à rester engagés au Mali et soutenir les dividendes de la paix à court terme.

    « La signature de l’Accord de Paix est un pas décisif mais elle ne constitue pas la Paix et la Réconciliation. C’est pourquoi nous devons rester engagés au Mali, d’autant plus que des groupes extrémistes tentent déjà de saboter cet Accord, » a poursuivi M. Hamdi.

    Il a rappelé les implications majeures du conflit malien pour la sécurité dans la sous-région, ainsi que la nécessité de trouver conjointement une solution globale comprenant, entre autres, une lutte accrue contre le terrorisme et la criminalité.

    « Bien que la MINUSMA soit la Mission des Nations Unies la plus dangereuse avec 42 Casques bleus tués depuis son déploiement en 2013, les Nations Unies restent déterminées pour la paix et la réconciliation au Mali, » a-t-il précisé.

    M. Hamdi a rendu hommage à l’action de EUTM et EUCAP Sahel Mali dans la réforme du secteur de sécurité. Il a souligné que si le volet sécuritaire de l’Accord est mis en œuvre de manière inclusive, consensuelle et à temps, il aurait un impact positif dans l’effort de stabilisation des régions du nord. Il a aussi rappelé que la solution ne peut être exclusivement sécuritaire, et doit aussi passer par le développement des régions affectées par la crise.

    M. Hamdi a conclu son intervention en appelant les pays et institutions de l’Union Européenne à participer au financement de projets pouvant générer des résultats concrets.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général et Chef de la MINUSMA s’est rendu à Bruxelles pour rencontrer les responsables de l’Union Européenne et échanger sur le soutien des institutions et des pays de l’Europe au rétablissement d’une paix durable au Mali.

    Au cours de son déplacement, M. Mongi Hamdi, a été reçu successivement par le Vice-Premier Ministre et Ministre des Affaires étrangères et européennes de la Belgique, M. Didier Reynders, et la Haute Représentante de l'Union Européenne pour les affaires étrangères et la politique de sécurité, Mme Federica Mogherini.

    M. Hamdi a souligné que le parachèvement du processus de signature de l’accord de Paix, le 20 juin 2015, était un progrès notable. Il a également rappelé que la communauté internationale devait rester résolument engagée en appui du processus de Paix au Mali.

    « Pour que les populations continuent de croire au processus de Paix, elles doivent rapidement en ressentir les dividendes, sous diverses formes, telles que la fourniture d’eau et d’électricité ou la réouverture des écoles qui ont été fermées à cause de la crise, » a déclaré M. Hamdi.

    Il a également saisi cette occasion pour remercier l’Union Européenne et les Etats membres pour leurs contributions importantes à la MINUSMA. Il a discuté des modalités de coopération entre les Nations Unies et l’Union Européenne pour la mise en œuvre de l’Accord de paix et de Réconciliation Nationale.

    M. Hamdi a conclu en soulignant l’importance du rôle que doivent jouer les parties maliennes dans la mise en œuvre de l’accord de Paix, avec le soutien de la communauté internationale.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    MBERA CAMP, Mauritania, July 20 (UNHCR) – Almost 400 people fleeing a renewed outbreak of fighting in northern Mali have sought refuge in Mauritania over the last few months.

    Most of the newcomers seeking asylum come from the Nampala area. Since the beginning of the conflict in 2012, largely between Tuareg MNLA fighters and government forces, the inhabitants of this area have often been caught in the crossfire.

    "Fear led us to leave," explained Aminata, one of the new arrivals. "We travelled to Fassala – which is the official entry point for Malian refugees into Mauritania – in a small truck with other families from the area".

    Upon arriving at Fassala, Aminata, a mother in her late-20s, and her family received assistance from the Mauritanian authorities who contacted UNHCR. After careful pre-screening of the population to identify individuals with specific needs, the UN refugee agency arranged for their onward transport to Mbera Camp.

    "In the camp, we received shelter, food, water, kitchen utensils and sleeping mats" added Aminata.

    Much of the territory of northern Mali is claimed by different rebel groups. Lately, the area has seen a new upsurge in fighting.

    UNHCR figures show that the number of new arrivals since end of April is now 395, though others who have not yet been registered may also have arrived.

    Mbera camp is located 50 km from the Malian border. During the day temperatures reach 45 degrees Celsius. However, as the sun slowly begins to descend, children take over the dusty streets, playing with wooden sticks and makeshift soccer balls.

    The camp, which was built in June 2012, is now home to almost 50,000 Malian refugees who have access to key services such as education, health, water and sanitation, shelter and energy.

    They are provided with monthly food rations and relief items such as sleeping mats, buckets and kitchen utensils. In addition, UNHCR and its partners carry out various programmes such as vocational training and literacy classes, provide support to the refugees' small businesses and facilitate access to gardening activities to strengthen their self-reliance.

    By Sebastien Barrit Laroze


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Cette année, les populations de Diffa traversent une période de soudure qui s’annonce longue et pénible. La persistance de l’insécurité alimentaire et de la malnutrition dans la région, les conséquences socio-économiques des violences continues et les incessants déplacements de population plongent la région dans une situation de précarité chronique.

    Lire l'article sur OCHA.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal

    Highlights

    • The West Africa growing season of 2015 is developing under an evolving El Nino event that will peak in late 2015. Historically, this region shows significant linkages between El Nino events and seasonal rainfall deficits particularly in the more marginal areas.

    • The first stages of the season were marked by rainfall deficits across the entire region that have led to delays in the start of the growing season and poor conditions for early crop development.

    • Worst affected areas extend from northern Cote d’Ivoire, northern Ghana, Burkina Faso and across into northern Nigeria. South-eastern Niger, central Senegal and western Mali are also facing difficult conditions.

    • While there is still time to recover, well distributed July and August rainfall is now essential to improve current prospects. Recent good rainfall in western areas of the region (Senegal, Mali) has improved conditions but elsewhere the situation remains difficult.

    • Seasonal forecasts are moderately unfavourable with indications of below average rainfall during July to September for Senegal-Mali and Niger-Chad regions. Agrhymet Centre also issued predictions of shorter than average growing season for the Sahelian region.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Niger, Nigeria

    GENEVA, July 21 (UNHCR) – Violence and insecurity have continued to affect population movements in northern Nigeria and neighbouring countries, the UN refugee agency reported on Tuesday (July 21).

    In Cameroon's remote Far North Region, a steady flow of Nigerian refugees are moving from the volatile Nigeria-Cameroon border area and seeking shelter some 100 km inland at the Minawao camp, which is run by UNHCR and its partners.

    UNHCR field staff said that on average about 100 people every day are registering at the camp, which was opened in July 2013. The camp's population has increased from about 30,000 late last year to approximately 44,000 today.

    "The arrivals at the camp are mainly Nigerian nationals who had earlier fled to Cameroon to escape violence in north-east Nigeria but had preferred to stay very near the border – hoping for a quick return home. The refugees said they had fled militant attacks in Nigeria's Borno state," UNHCR spokesperson Leo Dobbs told a press briefing in Geneva.

    In recent weeks, there have been attacks and clashes on the Cameroon side of the border, including the first-ever suicide bombing in Cameroon on July 12, in the far-northern town of Fotokol.

    As part of its response to this unrest, the government of Cameroon has begun registering Nigerian refugees in the immediate border area.

    "UNHCR field staff reported that this registration process has provoked fear among some refugees that they might be returned to Nigeria against their will," Dobbs added.

    He added that UNHCR and the government are in the process of consulting the refugees in the border area about where they want to go.

    "Some may opt to return to safe areas in Nigeria, while others may want to move to the Minawao camp. This process will continue over the coming days and weeks," he explained.

    Some of the arrivals at the camp said they had run out of food when they were near the border and wanted to benefit from food distributions in Minawao. Many of the new arrivals are being temporarily sheltered in a tarpaulin-construction school, currently closed for the summer break.

    The camp is in a relatively arid area; wood for building shelters has to be transported from the forested regions in southern Cameroon, which is at least two days trucking distance away.

    "We have always had a problem with wood supplies," one of the camp managers said: "and then when we do receive wood, we sometimes also face a shortage of nails to erect the shelters."

    Minawao camp is located within sight of the dramatic Mandara mountain range that rises up to straddle the border between Cameroon and Nigeria.

    The mountains are one of the areas where the Nigerian insurgents are believed to have hideouts, refugees familiar with the area said. Soldiers from allied regional military forces – mainly from the armies of Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon – have been mounting joint operations against the insurgents for several months.

    These actions are across large areas of west and central Africa. The military operations are reported to have dispersed some of the insurgents. But they have not stopped all insurgent activity.

    UNHCR has limited access in the Far North Region for security reasons, but estimates the number of unregistered refugees in the area to be some 12,000. The Cameroonian authorities say this number may be as high as 17,000.

    In a separate development in southern Niger's Diffa region, authorities report the arrival of some 2,500 people from Nigeria following an attack by militants on the Nigerian town of Damassak last week.

    The new arrivals are mainly women, children and older people. They arrived in the border villages of Chetimari and Gagamari, located 20 km from Damassak. According to the Niger authorities, some 80 per cent of those arriving are Nigerian refugees and the remaining 20 per cent Niger returnees.

    Some of the new arrivals had fled their homes last year after a first attack on Damassak and returned only recently. Some refugees are staying with the same host families they stayed with last year while others sleep in the open or in makeshift shelters.

    Most new arrivals said they prefer staying in Chetimari and Gagamari rather than the Sayam Forage refugee camp, further inland.

    "They hope to return to Nigeria as soon as possible. Locals have been sharing their meagre resources with them, including water and food. UNHCR teams are unable to access the border area for security reasons," Dobbs said.

    More than 100,000 people have fled Nigeria and found refuge in Niger since mid-2013. The insecurity has also displaced 18,400 Nigerians to Chad and left at least 1.5 million people displaced within Nigeria, mainly in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.

    By Mark Doyle/Helene Caux, West Africa


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    Source: CIVICUS
    Country: Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Burkina Faso, Cambodia, Central African Republic, China - Hong Kong (Special Administrative Region), Egypt, Ethiopia, Guinea, India, Kenya, Liberia, Mexico, Nepal, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Russian Federation, Serbia, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, Vanuatu, World, Yemen

    From Ebola to the bombing of Gaza, civil society was the first responder to humanitarian emergencies during the last year, but faces dire threats and a funding crisis around the world, says a new report.

    “During the last year civil society was everywhere, doing great work often at the frontline of the world’s challenges, but at the same time having to stave off threats to its very existence,” said Dr Dhananjayan Sriskandarajah, the CIVICUS Secretary-General on launching the organisation’s 2015 State of Civil Society Report.

    CIVICUS, a global alliance of civil society organisations, says that in addition to the work it does on pressing global challenges, such as poverty, inequality and climate change, civil society also finds itself at the frontlines of response when it comes to humanitarian emergencies, including those caused by conflicts and disasters.

    In addition to the Ebola crisis and natural disasters in Nepal and Vanuatu, civil society has, in the last year, also been called on to respond to a range of conflicts, including in Syria, Yemen, Ukraine, Gaza, Central African Republic and South Sudan.

    “Despite the incredible work that civil society does, it remains under attack. In 2014 alone, we documented serious violations of `civic space’ – the freedoms of expression, association and assembly – in a staggering 96 countries around the world. Taking the size of these countries into account, it means that 6 out of 7 humans lived in countries where their civic freedoms were under threat.”

    “To make matters worse, organisations that need funds the most, largely based in the Global South, receive only a fraction of the billions of dollars of funding that goes to the sector. It’s an untenable situation. Many funders know that civil society is doing essential work but we need more bravery from them to ensure the survival of those on the frontline,” stated Sriskandarajah.

    Interestingly, there is a link between civic space and resourcing trends. “It is not surprising that domestic civil society does not have the capacity to defend itself against attacks on civic space if donors have systematically underinvested in local organisations,” Sriskandarajah said.

    The report provides a comprehensive 'year in review' of civil society and the conditions it works in around the world, drawing on a range of inputs from experts and activists on the ground. In addition to reviewing the civil society landscape as a whole, this year’s theme focuses on the resourcing of what is called 'change-seeking' Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) i.e. those that seek policy change, hold elites accountable and seek to uphold human rights.

    The report calls on governments to honour their commitments to protecting citizens’ fundamental rights, for donors to be braver and for civil society to stand together and show solidarity in the face of the threats it increasingly faces.

    A few highlights from the Year in Review:

    • 2014/2015 demonstrated that civil society is the first responder to humanitarian emergencies, including those caused by conflicts and disasters.
    • We continue to see a rejection of conventional politics, because increasing numbers of citizens see through the attempts to mask collusion between political and economic elites.
    • The trajectory of contemporary protest movements generally takes an identified pattern of growing from small local issues to larger more profound matters such as inequality and lack of voice.
    • The power of civil society is recognised indirectly, when elites try to suppress civil society’s essential role of speaking truth to power.
    • In 2014, there were significant attacks on the fundamental civil society rights of free association, free assembly and free expression in 96 countries.
    • Threats to civil society emanate from both state and non-state actors that benefit from perpetuating governance failures and denying human rights; including corrupt politicians, unaccountable officials, unscrupulous businesses and religious fundamentalists.
    • New attempts are underway, even by democratic states, to roll back long-established human rights norms, which are described as obstacles to national development and security, while critical voices are conflated with terrorism.
    • Hostility to civil society is becoming normalised, and CSO energy is being forced into fighting existential threats.

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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Snapshot 15–21 July 2015

    Iraq: More than 74,440 people have been displaced from Saqlawiyah in Falluja district since 8 July, and tens of thousands reportedly remain trapped in Falluja and Ramadi districts. There are now more than 3.1 million IDPs across 3,613 locations in Iraq; 300,000 people have been displaced from and within Anbar since military operations began in April.

    Yemen: The number of IDPs has increased by 24% since mid-June, to reach almost 1.27 million. The fuel crisis continues to worsen. Pro-government forces, with the support of Saudi-led airstrikes, have taken the city of Aden: 100 people were reported killed and 200 injured.

    Ukraine: Security continues to deteriorate, with shelling reported in Donetsk city for the first time since the February ceasefire. Access to water is a serious problem in non-government areas, affecting over 470,000 people in Luhansk region alone. Water trucks are facing difficulties reaching the affected, and insecurity is preventing repairs to infrastructure.

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Ghana, Niger, Nigeria, World

    L'Organisation des Nations Unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture a lancé un appel lundi pour 20 millions de dollars afin de financer les opérations d’intervention et de prévention suite à l’apparition de foyers du virus H5N1 dans les élevages de volailles, les marchés et les exploitations familiales au Nigéria, au Burkina Faso, au Niger, en Côte d’Ivoire et au Ghana.

    Selon la FAO, sans des interventions opportunes pour endiguer les foyers de grippe aviaire hautement virulente H5N1 à travers l’Afrique de l’Ouest, la maladie pourrait répandre inexorablement dans cette région et au-delà.

    Ce phénomène inquiétant survient au moment où les pays d’Afrique de l’Ouest se remettent à peine, et dans certains cas continuent de souffrir, du virus Ebola.

    La grippe aviaire pourrait déclencher une hécatombe de poulets – source nutritive et peu coûteuse de nourriture pour de nombreuses personnes – avec un impact néfaste sur les régimes alimentaires et l’économie de la région, aggravant ainsi une situation déjà difficile.

    Des souches précédentes du virus – connues pour être très virulentes pour la volaille et capables de provoquer des maladies et des décès chez les humains – ont circulé en Asie depuis le début des années 2000 et en Egypte depuis près de 10 ans.

    La souche H5N1 a causé la mort de dizaines de millions de volailles et des pertes évaluées à plusieurs dizaines de milliards de dollars.

    La première incursion du virus H5N1 en Afrique de l’Ouest s’est produite en 2006, mais la maladie a été éliminée en 2008. A la fin de 2014, le virus a été réintroduit au Nigéria, où il se répandit rapidement dans les trois mois qui suivirent. A ce jour, plus de 1,6 million de volailles ont été abattues ou sont mortes des suites du virus.

    Vu que la maladie peut être transmise aux humains et qu’elle est considérée comme très létale, la FAO travaille en étroite collaboration avec l’Organisation mondiale de la santé (OMS) sur les évaluations de pays et les plans d’urgence tout en offrant une assistance technique et en enquêtant sur des cas de grippe potentiels et les sources de l’infection.

    Les missions d’évaluation – menées en collaboration avec l’Organisation mondiale de la santé animale (OIE), l’Union africaine et, dans certains cas, la Banque mondiale – au Bénin, au Cameroun, au Mali et au Togo n’ont pas identifié de cas de H5N1 chez les volailles, mais ces pays et d’autres pays de la sous-région doivent veiller à ce que les mesures de prévention et de préparation soient bien mises en place.

    «Sur la base de nos connaissances, il y a un risque réel de propagation du virus. Une action urgente est nécessaire pour renforcer les systèmes d’enquête et de rapports vétérinaires dans la région et lutter contre la maladie à ses racines, avant qu’il n’y ait un débordement chez les humains», a déclaré Juan Lubroth, le chef de la Division santé animale à la FAO.

    L’appel de la FAO pour 20 millions de dollars pour la prévention et la réponse prévoit à la fois de renforcer les systèmes vétérinaires défaillants, d’améliorer les capacités des laboratoires locaux et de dépêcher sur le terrain des experts de la FAO dans les pays touchés ou à risque.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 7/22/2015 - 00:36 GMT

    Suspected Boko Haram gunmen have raided the village of Nigeria's army chief in northeast Borno state, killing two residents and setting fire to several homes, residents said Tuesday.

    Dozens of Boko Haram fighters stormed Buratai, the native village of chief of army staff Major General ‎Tukur Yusuf Buratai, ‎around 7:00 pm (1800 GMT) on Monday night, shooting indiscriminately and forcing residents to flee into the bush.

    The assault was followed by a failed suicide attack at a military checkpoint in the town of Biu, 25 kilometres (15 miles) away, residents and vigilantes assisting the military in fighting Boko Haram said.

    The raid in Buratai follows a similar Boko Haram attack in April where 20 people were killed and more than half of the village was razed to the ground, including the army chief's own home.

    In Monday's attack, witnesses said the insurgents seized two male residents and slit their throats before setting fire to homes.

    "They slaughtered two people they apprehended while trying to flee the village and burnt more than 30 homes," Buratai resident Tanimu Mudi told AFP.

    Yuram Bura, a vigilante working with the Nigerian military, confirmed the raid, saying: "There was a an attack on Buratai yesterday (Monday) night by Boko Haram gunmen where they cut the throats of two people and burnt several homes."

    On Tuesday, a failed suicide bomber injured a a female member of a local vigilante group that has been fighting Boko Haram alongside the military when he attempted to set off his vest at a security checkpoint outside Biu.

    "The bomber's gait gave him away as he walked towards the security post because it was evident he was carrying something under his dress which raised our suspicion‎," local vigilante Babagana Maina told AFP.

    "When he realised he had been exposed he detonated the explosives before reaching the security post, slightly injuring a female vigilante on her shoulder."

    Biu, the largest town in southern Borno, 180 kilometres from Borno state capital Maiduguri, has been hit by several deadly suicide and bomb attacks ‎targeting markets and bus stations blamed on Boko Haram.

    The Boko Haram insurgency has killed more than 15,000 people in Nigeria since 2009.

    abu-ade/cah/st

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Introduction

    Les violences qui sévissent dans le Nord-Est du Nigéria continuent de s'intensifier ; au début de 2015, les insurgés ont mené des attaques armées meurtrières dans les États de Bauchi,
    Gombe, Kano et Taraba, leur assurant ainsi des gains territoriaux. En raison de ces violences, plus de 192 000 personnes ont fui le pays, et recherchent actuellement la

    sécurité et la protection dans les pays voisins le Cameroun, le Tchad et le Niger. Ces pays ont également été directement touchés par les violences en cours, avec des attaques transfrontalières par des groupes armés donnant lieu à un déplacement interne aussi bien au nord du Cameroun que dans la région de Diffa au Niger. En réponse, le Tchad, le Cameroun et le Niger, tous membres de la Commission du bassin du lac Tchad, ont engagé leurs forces armées dans la lutte contre l'insurrection.

    La récente élection pacifique du général Mohammadu Buhari en tant que Président du Nigéria, aura également un impact probable sur la situation sécuritaire dans le Nord dans les prochains mois. Le général Buhari a souligné son engagement à vaincre les insurgés le jour où il a été annoncé vainqueur des élections présidentielles. Il est possible que l'action militaire visant à récupérer le territoire puisse entraîner de nouveaux déplacements, ou alors que le renforcement de la sécurité dans le Nord conduise à un retour spontané. Néanmoins, les attaques des insurgés et contre-attaques militaires devraient se poursuivre au cours des prochains mois, en conséquence, le HCR et ses partenaires se préparent à de nouveaux déplacements tant à l'intérieur qu'à l'extérieur du Nigéria.

    Ce deuxième Plan d'Intervention Régional pour les Réfugiés dans le cadre de la situation au Nigéria (RRRP) fait partie intégrante de cette préparation et de l'intervention en cours et permet de fournir un cadre sur la façon dont l'aide d'urgence peut être fournie afin de répondre aux besoins humanitaires immédiats des populations qui fuient les violences perpétrées dans le Nord du Nigéria. Les interventions répondant aux questions de protection, ainsi qu'aux besoins de base et fournissant l'accès aux services essentiels (tels que la sécurité, l'aide alimentaire et non alimentaire, la santé et l'éducation) sont au cœur de ce plan.

    Les partenaires d'intervention continueront à mobiliser un soutien pour une intervention inter-institutionelle répondant à la détérioration de la situation des réfugiés au Nigéria et dans les pays voisins. Le HCR, avec les gouvernements des pays d'asile, continuera à mettre en œuvre des activités de surveillance et de protection et à coordonner l'aide d'urgence en étroite collaboration avec les agences des Nations Unies, les organisations non gouvernementales (ONG) internationales et nationales et d'autres partenaires de la société civile.

    Ce Plan d’Intervention Régional présente un aperçu des exigences de tous les partenaires identifiés dans l'intervention inter-institutions, et appelle à la mobilisation des ressources pour faciliter une intervention rapide et efficace basée sur les principes opérationnels de collaboration, de coordination et de complémentarité entre tous les intervenants.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Cameroon, Nigeria

    21 juillet 2015 – Des dizaines de réfugiés nigérians fuyant la violence dans leur pays continuent d'arriver chaque jour dans le camp de Minawao, dans l'extrême-nord du Cameroun, a indiqué mardi le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés (HCR).

    Selon des employés du HCR sur le terrain, une centaine de personnes sont enregistrées en moyenne chaque jour dans le camp ouvert en juillet 2013 et géré par le HCR et ses partenaires. La population de ce camp est passée d'environ 30.000 en fin d'année dernière à près de 44.000 aujourd'hui, a précisé un porte-parole du HCR, Leo Dobbs, lors d'une conférence de presse à Genève.

    Le camp de Minawao se trouve à une centaine de kilomètres de la frontière et les nouveaux arrivants sont principalement des Nigérians qui avaient préféré jusque-là rester très près de cette frontière dans l'espoir d'un retour rapide au Nigéria.

    « Au cours des dernières semaines, il y a eu des attaques et des affrontements sur le territoire du Cameroun, y compris un attentat suicide le 12 juillet, la première attaque de la sorte au Cameroun, sur la commune de Fotokol dans l'Extrême-nord », a souligné le porte-parole du HCR.

    Le gouvernement camerounais a commencé à enregistrer les réfugiés nigérians dans la zone toute proche de la frontière suscitant des inquiétudes chez certains réfugiés craignant d'être renvoyés au Nigéria contre leur gré.

    Certains réfugiés arrivés à Minawao ont aussi indiqué qu'ils n'avaient plus de nourriture là où ils s'étaient réfugiés tout près de la frontière et qu'ils voulaient bénéficier des distributions alimentaires à Minawao.

    Le HCR a un accès limité à la région de l'Extrême Nord, au Cameroun, pour des raisons de sécurité, mais estime que le nombre de réfugiés non enregistrés dans la région pourrait s'élever à 12.000 personnes.


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