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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Mauritania, Niger

    Highlights

    • WFP is responding to immediate food needs of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and returnees, among other needs intended to save lives, promote stability and contribute to achieving the Zero Hunger Challenge. WFP is also addressing life-saving needs of Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger, who fled conflict in northern Mali since early 2012.

    • In May, WFP assisted 384,000 beneficiaries in Mali and 128,000 Malian refugees in Burkina Faso, Mauritania and Niger.

    • In June, some 700,000 beneficiaries were targeted in Mali.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Niger

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | Friday 7/10/2015 - 17:02 GMT

    Boko Haram militants slit the throats of five civilians in southeast Niger during a targeted attack by the Islamist group wreaking havoc in the region, according to local authorities.

    "Five employees of a Nigerien company had their throats slit yesterday (Thursday) evening in Dagaya, a village near Bosso," Mayor of Bosso Bako Mamadou told AFP.

    The victims were a driver, a carpenter and three construction workers who were working at a site in Dagaya, according to local radio.

    "We do not know the circumstances of the attack," Mamadou said, adding that security measures had been put in place.

    Local officials say they believe that the militants targeted the five workers, who were from the city of Diffa, which is located in the heartland of the Boko Haram insurgency.

    Many young people from Diffa, which borders Nigeria, have joined the ranks of Boko Haram, getting paid about 300,000 CFA francs (around 450 euros or $500) per month, according to local officials. In June 38 civilians were killed -- including 14 women and 10 children -- in a Boko Haram attack targeting two villages in southeast Niger, close to Diffa.

    Troops from Niger, Chad, Nigeria and Cameroon have been fighting Boko Haram insurgents for several months and have claimed a string of successes.

    But a recent surge in an attacks has left analysts suggesting a decline in the intensity of operations has allowed the rebels to regroup and rearm.

    The six-year insurgency, centred around northeast Nigeria, has claimed at least 15,000 lives.

    bh/jf/lm/pvh


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    Source: Armed Conflict Location and Events Dataset
    Country: Burundi, Egypt, Mali, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Tunisia, World

    Welcome to the July issue of the Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project’s (ACLED) Conflict Trends report. Each month, ACLED researchers gather, analyse and publish data on political vio-lence in Africa in realtime. Weekly updates to realtime conflict event data are published on the ACLED website, and are also available through our research partners at Climate Change and Afri-can Political Stability (CCAPS).

    This month’s issue focuses on the shift in political strategy and increased lethality of violence in Burundi, the de-escalation of conflict between Malian forces and the Coordination of Move-ments of Azawad (CMA) in Mali, increased coordi-nation between rebel forces in South Sudan, vio-lence against Darfuri students in Sudan, and com-peting strategies of violent Islamist groups in Tu-nisia. Two Special Focus Topics explore reporting lags in realtime conflict data and state fragility and armed conflict across Africa.

    Elsewhere on the continent, Egypt’s Sinai Prov-ince witnessed dramatic clashes between the military and an Islamic State off-shoot, violence continues to decline in Nigeria and hit-and-run attacks by Al-Shabaab were reported in Somalia.


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    Source: International Peace Institute
    Country: Mali

    The United Nations Security Council will soon extend the mandate of the UN’s Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA). Two years after its establishment, the mission remains deeply challenged and increasingly under threat. This poses significant questions about how it might be reformed to support the nascent peace agreement aimed at ending the crisis in the north of Mali.

    The agreement, which came out of protracted negotiations in Algiers, was last week signed by more or less all groups involved in the negotiations. However, the signatories are fragmented and based on shifting alliances whose political calculations may change overnight. Violence has been rife and MINUSMA has arguably become the most dangerous UN peacekeeping mission in the world. What can be done to strengthen MINUSMA to support the implementation of the peace agreement and work towards greater stability and human security in Mali?

    MINUSMA was established to create the conditions for reconciliation and peace talks. In order to protect itself, MINUSMSA has been mandated to use coercive power where necessary. This task has been delegated to France as a follow-up of that country’s Operation Serval, which supported Mali from collapsing and being overtaken by extremists in early 2013. Whereas MINUSMA’s mission is defined within the confines of the Malian state, both the peace talks and the “robust” part of MINUSMA’s mandate handled by France have been conducted within a broader regional framework. This has left MINUSMA exposed and vulnerable, which needs to be addressed if it is to be successful.

    At the heart of the crisis in Mali is a contest over what the Malian state should look like. This is mostly an issue of the nature of the power balance between the north and the south of the country, with many local nuances and grievances playing out. Across these fault lines operate a variety of extremists and criminal groups, who are not interested in helping to build up a viable Malian state, but who occasionally cloak themselves in a political agenda as a convenient backdrop for their illicit activities.

    Both the political and the extremists/criminal dynamics have to be understood in a regional context. The Tuareg ethnic group who have rebelled against the government are not limited to the north of Mali. They move around and live in several neighboring countries. Extremists and criminal networks are also fundamentally transnational, certainly in Africa’s Sahel region.

    The different parties to the peace talks facilitated by Algeria can be loosely divided as actors who support the government in Bamako and those who don’t. Regardless, they also represent different linkages into the politics of the region, with Algeria trying to manifest itself as a leading power. Meanwhile, the French have folded Serval into Barkhane, a regional follow-up operation with its headquarters in Chad. The “robust” part of MINUSMA, a peacekeeping mission, has become a sideshow of a regional operation against terrorism.

    The Mali-based mandate of MINUSMA has not been well-connected to the key political peace process, as well as the hard power of its force protection, which have been operating within a regional framework. As a result, there has not been nearly enough diplomatic and political pressure on the Malian government to finally prioritize and pursue the necessary domestic process of dialogue and reconciliation. Here, significant amounts of precious time appear to have been lost. Given the seriousness of threat levels, sections of MINUSMA unsurprisingly took to using force themselves, blurring the way the Security Council mandated the use of coercive power.

    The UN’s Independent High Level Panel on Peace Operations is recommending a stronger global-regional partnerships in peace operations around the world. It is time to act on this recommendation in Mali. The Security Council should renew the mandate of MINUMSA for a year, but make it a year of transition to handing power to the mission to the African Union (AU) and the Economic Commission of West African States (ECOWAS), with UN support.

    This would put the work of the mission in finding political stability as well as addressing the issues of violent extremism and crime back into the relevant regional framework. The French assignment should also come to an end. This solution would not exclude contributions from outside Africa to be sustained for some longer time, where they can help to fill the gaps that still exist in the capacities of the AU and ECOWAS.

    A rebalancing of MINUSMA towards a regional mission will also exert greater pressure on the Mali government to focus more seriously on supporting local and regional reconciliation, a process that up to this moment has been kept alive by the efforts of civil society.

    The political and security situation has changed since the inception of MINUSMA. The Security Council needs to reflect those changes by transforming its mandate towards a regional mission.

    Chukwuemeka B. Eze is Executive Director at the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding. Peter van Tuijl is Executive Director of the Global Partnership for the Prevention of Armed Conflict.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal


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    Source: Deutsche Welle
    Country: Nigeria

    Despite fresh terror attacks, many of Nigeria's internally displaced want to return to their homes in the beleaguered northern states. In the areas once occupied by Boko Haram, there is a lack of basic necessities.

    The small, dirty white truck is heavily laden with sacks of corn. The driver has to hit the accelerator hard if the vehicle is going to make it through the river to the opposite bank. As a precaution, around a dozen men are waiting behind the truck ready to push it if it gets stuck on the river bed. But all goes well and the truck reaches the other side without incident. The river is still fairly shallow because the rainy season was very late this year.

    They were forced to drive through the river because the nearby bridge is impassable, much to the annoyance of local residents. Stephen Dami Mamza, Catholic Bishop of Yola - capital of the northeastern Nigerian state of Adamawa - shares their concerns. "If we are to build new bridges, that would take a very long time. I would like the government to put up a temporary bridge," he said.

    This would be the only way to ensure that essential goods and services can reach the remote region, the bishop believes.

    Exposed to Boko Haram

    50-year-old Kwatri tries not to think about such things. She lives in the small town of Michika, which lies halfway between Yola and Maiduguri. Michika was occupied by Boko Haram from September 2014 to January 2015. Those who could flee to Yola, did so. Kwatri cannot walk without a crutch and every step is painful. She was physically unable to leave but managed to survive the months of terror under the Islamist militants. "I feel I'm freezing all the time and all my bones and joints hurt," she said.

    She was too terrified to light a fire to keep warm while Boko Haram was around. "That would have been far too dangerous," she said. Most of the time she slept on the cold floor. Months later, there is still no drug store or hospital in the neighborhood where she can obtain something to relieve the pain.

    Kwatri's relatives have not returned to Michika. Her husband has been dead for some time and she hasn't heard from one of her three sons for months. Many people have lost touch with their families while fleeing from Boko Haram. There is nobody to till the land, all stores and provisions are exhausted. Kwatri now queues up to receive food hand-outs from the local church.

    The bridge was destroyed by Boko Haram during their months of occupation of the north of Adamawa state. None of the bridges along the 400 kilometer (249 miles) highway linking Yola to Maiduguri, capital of neighboring Borno state, are intact. Should the militants return to Maiduguri, the escape route to Yola, which local residents used in the past, would be cut off.

    Need for reconcilation

    According to Nigeria's National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), 1.4 million Nigerians are still displaced. But many are returning to areas which are considered reasonably peaceful. Joel Billi is one such returnee. Having spent nine months as a displaced person in Yola, he hopes to return to his home in Michika. His first impressions of the town are not encouraging. The hospital isn't open and schools and local authority offices are also still closed. The government didn't advise people to return, but he had understood that Boko Haram was as good as defeated. "If the government wants to do us a favor, then they should send us more troops," he said. Billi does not feel safe in his home town. "A few soldiers are stationed here, but we need more."

    The reason for the prevailing sense of insecurity is that many of those who collaborated with the Boko Haram occupiers are still living in the town. Some of them joined forces with Boko Haram voluntarily because they hoped for financial gain, others were forced into working for them. Even if there are no fresh attacks in Michika, that does not mean that peace has returned. The militants spread fear and distrust far and wide in the places they occupied. "We haven't even begun the reconciliation process," said Billi. He then tries to strike an optimistic note. "We are looking forward to the day when Christians and Muslims sit together at the same table and forgive each other for all the ugly things that have happened."

    The state should really be helping and attend to food supplies, health care and security. But there is no sign of that sort of government assistance. At the end of his visit to Michika, Bishop Stephen Dami Mamza is clearly a worried man. "If we leave everything to the government - which at the moment is doing nothing to help - then our people are going suffer from neglect. It just takes an outbreak of malaria or a shortage of food and they will die."


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 7/10/2015 - 20:52 GMT

    Boko Haram gunmen shot dead eight people in Nigeria's remote northeast as they returned to inspect their damaged homes in an abandoned town, refugees said on Friday.

    Some residents who had fled Gamboru across the border into northern Cameroon went back to the frontier town on Friday morning after hearing a rumour that Chadian and Cameroonian troops were providing security.

    "We lost eight people to Boko Haram gunmen today," said Babagana Bukar, a Nigerian from Gamboru now living in the town of Fotokol, just across the border in Cameroon.

    "Some of our people went back to Gamboru after they were told the town was safe for them.... While they were inspecting their homes, Boko Haram gunmen on a motorcycle opened fire on them killing five men and three women," he told AFP.

    Two other former residents of the town, also now living in Fotokol, supported Bukar's account. One of them, Umar Babakalli, said two other women were seized and beaten.

    They managed to make it back across the bridge that forms the border and were being treated for their injuries, he added.

    Boko Haram fighters have been seen going in and out of Gamboru for months, sometimes firing rocket-propelled grenades towards Fotokol, according to those who fled.

    The group, which has been pushed out of captured towns across Nigeria's northeast by a four-nation coalition since February, are said to be dispersed in remote parts of the hard-to-reach region.

    In the weeks since President Muhammadu Buhari came to power on May 29, the Islamist militants have stepped up their attacks on civilians, hitting crowded markets, mosques and churches.

    More than 550 people have been killed, increasing pressure on Buhari to bring an end to the violence.

    A new, strengthened regional force is due to deploy against Boko Haram by the end of this month.

    abu-phz/pvh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Reuters - AlertNet
    Country: Nigeria

    By Isaac Abrak

    ABUJA, July 10 (Reuters) - Fresh negotiations have started with Boko Haram militants for the release of more than 200 schoolgirls kidnapped last year but the Nigerian government is not currently involved in the talks, a human rights activist said on Friday.

    Fred Eno, who was involved in negotiations for the release of the Chibok girls last year but not the current talks, said others had resumed contact with the Islamist group independently of the government. He did not say who they were.

    read the full story here


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Chad, Nigeria

    N'Djamena, Chad | AFP | 7/12/2015 - 02:11 GMT

    A Boko Haram suicide bombing in a crowded market in Chad's capital killed 15 people on Saturday, just days after the militant group claimed a previous bombing in the city that left 38 people dead.

    The attack in N'Djamena, by a man disguised as a woman in a full-face veil, came after a botched bombing in the capital of Nigeria's Borno state, Maiduguri, which killed two pedestrians.

    Militant fighters on Friday night also raided the village of Ngamdu, some 100 kilometres (60 miles) from Maiduguri, killing 11, residents and a member of the civilian militia said.

    The attacks underlined the threat still posed by the Islamists in the region, despite the authorities' claims of recent military successes and with a new regional force set to deploy at the end of the month.

    Police director-general Taher Erda said the N'Djamena bomber detonated his explosives belt when he was stopped for security checks at the entrance to the market.

    Muslim-majority Chad banned the full-face veil, ramped up security measures and bombed militant positions in Nigeria last month after the first ever Boko Haram attack in its capital.

    The provisional toll on Saturday was 15 dead and 80 injured, four of them seriously, said police spokesman Paul Manga. Nine of the victims were female traders and one was a police officer, he added.

    An AFP correspondent there described a gruesome scene of carnage and pools of blood.

    The area, in the heart of the capital, was cordoned off by security forces after the attack at about 8:45 am (0745 GMT), and a police source said there was "no doubt it was Boko Haram".

    • 'Despicable' -

    The attack in Maiduguri saw two bombers in a motorised rickshaw try to get into a busy bus station on Saturday morning. They were deterred by heavy security, however, and the attack happened nearby.

    Boko Haram claimed responsibility for the attacks in Chad and Maiduguri via Twitter, according to the US-based SITE Intelligence Group, signing off as "Islamic State, West Africa province" -- the militant's self-styled moniker since pledging allegiance to the Islamic State group in March.

    Prime Minister Kalzeube Pahimi Deubet called a crisis meeting to discuss the attack. Laurent Fabius, foreign minister of Chad's former colonial masters France, called the bombing "despicable".

    On June 15, 38 people were killed in a twin suicide attack at a police academy and the main police station in N'Djamena, where a French-led operation against sub-Saharan extremists is based.

    Experts said the latest bombing in Chad, following previous strikes in Niger and repeated targeting of northern Cameroon, showed the need for a joined-up solution involving Nigeria and its neighbours.

    Nigeria's President Muhammadu Buhari, who came to power on May 29, has made defeating Boko Haram a top priority.

    But Ryan Cummings, chief Africa analyst with the Red24 consulting group, told AFP: "The fight against Boko Haram is unlikely to be concluded with any rapidity.

    "The fact remains that while Boko Haram continues to be defined as a Nigerian problem, evidence suggests that it has become a quandary of regional proportions requiring a regional solution.

    "In the absence of Nigeria's neighbours recognising the extent of Boko Haram's regional contagion and subsequently responding to it decisively, the most exhaustive efforts by the Nigerian government alone won't solve the problem."

    • Attacks increasing -

    Boko Haram's deadly insurgency has killed at least 15,000 people since 2009 and left more than 1.5 million homeless.

    A four-nation coalition of Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon has reportedly pushed out the militants from captured towns and villages in an operation that began in February.

    But since Buhari came to power, attacks have increased and with the latest violence in Maiduguri and Ngamdu, nearly 580 people have been killed in Nigeria alone, according to AFP reporting.

    Also on Friday, eight people were killed in Gamboru when Boko Haram fighters opened fire on residents returning to the abandoned town from Fotokol, just across the border in northern Cameroon.

    Buhari, who is coming under pressure to act soon, is pinning his hopes on the deployment of a strengthened regional force at the end of this month.

    Experts say the 8,700-strong force, to be commanded by a senior Nigerian officer from headquarters in N'Djamena, will only be effective if coordination between the partners is improved.

    Foreign forces will also need free rein to pursue Boko Haram in Nigerian territory after Chadian and Niger troops were ordered to retreat by the previous administration in Abuja.

    burs-phz/psr/cah

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Highlights

    · As of 20 June, the movement of 41,523 people has been reported in the Lake region (excluding influx to other areas): 14,870 refugees, 12,485 Chadian returnees and 14,168 internally displaced persons.

    · Two inter-agency UN missions including national NGOs and the National Commission for Refugees were conducted in the Lake Chad islands of Koulfoua and Tchoukoutalia pairing needs assessment with initial rapid assistance to people displaced by the Nigerian crisis who had so far received little or no aid.

    · Charter for Food Crisis Prevention and Management (PREGEC) has reported a price increase of more than 30% compared to the average over the last five years in the Lake Chad basin. Chad was found to be particularly hit by the fall of cattle prices due to the closure of the Nigeria border. An early pastoral lean season was also noted, due to the late arrival of the rains which slows the movement of cattle.

    · 60% of the annual target of SAM admissions was reached by the end of May with over 60,000 admissions registered. In the regions of Kanem, Bahr El Ghazel and Lake, admissions from January to May have already reached 148%, 91% and 80% of the annual target respectively.

    · A Simplified SMART survey conducted in the Kanem region from 1 to 11 June 2015 showed a higher prevalence of global acute malnutrition (22.1%, up from 17.3% in 2014) and a prevalence of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) of 4.3%, which is double the critical threshold.

    · UNICEF emergency needs for the year are 8% funded, with just over USD 5.3 million received. Limited funding is a major challenge to UNICEF’s ability to respond to immediate needs as well as to adequately prepare for imminent ones.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    FAITS SAILLANTS

    • 41 pour cent des besoins en semences sont disponibles dans les zones agricoles.

    • A Diffa, le nombre de personnes assistées en eau, hygiène et assainissement depuis le début de l’année dépasse les prévisions.

    • Le Niger abrite plus de 150 000 réfugiés et personnes déplacées.


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    Source: REACH Initiative
    Country: Mali

    For the past several years, Mali has been facing multiple challenges related to chronic (poverty, lack of basic services) and cyclical factors (crop loss, conflict).

    The political crisis in 2012 has particularly affected the North of the country, leading to insecurity, displacement of populations (86,000 persons are estimated to have fled due to conflict), the destruction of public infrastructures and private goods. Among other, water infrastructures have been severly damaged during this crisis and require imminent rehabilitation to ensure affected communities living in these areas or planning to return continue having access to safe and sufficient water.

    To inform water infrastructure rehabilitation programs by international aid actors and municipalities, aiming to improve water standards for affected local and displaced communities, REACH has partnered with UNICEF to analyse the situation of access to water for households living in the three northern cities of Kidal , Timbuktu and Gao.

    The study was conducted between August and December 2014 and aimed at better understanding the vulnerabilities and needs related to access to water, in order to inform the identification of priority interventions. Thus, the assessment focused on establishing a socio-economic profile for each of the three cities, identifying different profiles of urban areas (richer and poorer neighbourhoods, etc.); estimating the capacity of the public network to meet the water needs of the population in these different urban areas; and examining the general characteristics of access to water in these three cities and the different profiles of users.

    The assessment findings pointed out significant spatial and social differentiation of different population groups in the three assessed cities, highlighted by all indicators, including those related to access to water. Access to water remains below Sphere standards for at least half of the population, especially regarding the quantity of water that is being consumed, the time required to access the source, the long distances from water points and the quality of the water.

    read the report in french


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, REACH Initiative
    Country: Mali

    Résumé

    Depuis plusieurs années, le Mali fait face à des problèmes multiples liés à des facteurs chroniques (pauvreté, manque de services de base) et conjoncturels (campagnes agricoles déficitaires, conflit). La crise politique de 2012 a particulièrement frappé le nord du pays, engendrant l’insécurité, le déplacement des populations — on estime à 86 000 le nombre de personnes ayant fui le conflit — et la destruction d’un certain nombre d’infrastructures publiques et de biens privés. Notamment, des dommages importants sur le fonctionnement des équipements d’accès à l’eau ont été constatés.

    Dans une optique de retour des populations déplacées et afin d’améliorer leurs conditions de vie, cette étude en partenariat avec l’Unicef fait le point sur la situation de l’accès à l’eau des ménages, dans trois villes du nord (Kidal, Tombouctou et Gao, ayant un nombre important de populations déplacées) et vise à identifier:

    1. Le profil socio-économique des ménages et leur distribution spatiale
    2. Les conditions de fonctionnement et la typologie des sources disponibles
    3. Les indicateurs d’ensemble de l’accès à l’eau, et le profil des usagers

    L’étude vise à mieux comprendre les vulnérabilités et les besoins liés à l’accès à l’eau pour informer l’identification des interventions prioritaires.

    L’approche utilisée combine un panel assez large d’informations, issues aussi bien des statistiques disponibles que d’enquêtes et diagnostics de terrain. L’information géographique (schémas d’urbanisme, plans du réseau d’adduction d’eau, imagerie satellitaire) est intégrée à l’analyse via les outils SIG qui permettent de croiser et spatialiser l’ensemble des données collectées.

    Les enquêtes de terrain ont été réalisées entre octobre et novembre 2014 et comprennent 2881 enquêtes auprès des ménages (527 à Kidal, 1076 à Tombouctou et 1278 à Gao) et 103 enquêtes auprès des gestionnaires des bornes fontaines publiques. Un total de 148 bornes fontaines ont été localisées (24 à Kidal, 50 à Tombouctou, et 74 à Gao) ainsi que 65 points d’eau (25 à Kidal, 10 à Tom


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Chad, Nigeria

    N'Djamena, Tchad | AFP | dimanche 12/07/2015 - 01:25 GMT

    par Stéphane YAS

    Un kamikaze déguisé en femme s'est fait exploser samedi sur le marché central de N'Djamena, faisant au moins 15 morts, un attentat revendiqué par le groupe islamiste Boko Haram.

    Même affaibli par l'opération régionale en cours, le groupe islamiste nigérian reste une menace pour les pays riverains du lac Tchad et d'abord pour le nord-est du Nigeria, où 13 personnes ont été tuées dans deux attaques distinctes depuis vendredi.

    Boko Haram a revendiqué l'attentat de N'Djamena et l'une des deux attaques commises au Nigeria, a rapporté le centre de surveillance des sites islamistes SITE, basé aux Etats-Unis.

    La revendication, faite sur Twitter, était signée "Etat Islamique, Province d'Afrique de l'Ouest", appellation que se donne Boko Haram depuis qu'il a fait allégeance en mars dernier au groupe Etat Islamique (EI), a indiqué le centre, qui a son siège aux Etats-Unis.

    "La Province d'Afrique de l'Ouest (anciennement Boko Haram) de #ISIS (acronyme anglais de l'EI, ndlr) a revendiqué les attentats suicide d'aujourd'hui au Tchad et au Nigeria", écrit SITE sur Twitter.

    Pour l'attentat de N'Djamena, le "bilan provisoire" est de 15 morts et 80 blessés, dont quatre graves.

    Neuf commerçantes et six hommes ont été tués, dont un gendarme tchadien, a déclaré à l'AFP le porte-parole de la police nationale, Paul Manga. Le kamikaze a également péri dans l'explosion.

    "Pas de doute, il s'agit de Boko Haram", a assuré une source policière avant que ne soit connue la revendication du groupe islamiste.

    Le groupe avait revendiqué une double attaque ayant fait 38 morts mi-juin à N'Djamena, la première du genre.

    Samedi, c'est un homme habillé en femme, le visage dissimulé par un voile intégral, qui "a voulu infiltrer le marché. (...) Il a été intercepté par les gendarmes, qui lui ont demandé de se démasquer. (...) C'est à ce moment qu'il a déclenché sa ceinture (d'explosifs)", a raconté le porte-parole de la police.

    La tête voilée de l'auteur présumé de l'attentat, arrachée par l'explosion, a été retrouvée près du lieu de l'attentat, et montrée à des journalistes sur place.

    Invoquant des raisons de sécurité après la double attaque de juin, les autorités tchadiennes avaient dans la foulée totalement interdit le port du voile intégral (niqab, ne laissant apparaître que les yeux) dans ce pays majoritairement musulman. Elles avaient en représailles bombardé des positions de Boko Haram au Nigeria.

    A proximité immédiate du lieu de l'attentat, des morceaux de chair humaine étaient éparpillés au milieu de flaques de sang.

    Aussitôt après l'attaque, commerçants et badauds ont fui le marché dans un mouvement de panique.

    "Tout le monde est très choqué", a confié un responsable policier, d'autant que "nous sommes en pleine période de ramadan", le mois de jeûne musulman.

    Le quartier du marché central, situé au coeur de la capitale, a été entièrement bouclé par les forces de sécurité tchadiennes. Selon des sources sécuritaires, le Premier ministre Kalzeube Pahimi Deubet a convoqué une réunion d'urgence.

    Dans un communiqué, le ministre des Affaires étrangères français, Laurent Fabius, a "condamné avec la plus grande fermeté" l'"odieux attentat" de samedi.

    Le président tchadien Idriss Déby est un allié de poids pour Paris dans la lutte contre les groupes jihadistes en Afrique sahélienne, et l'armée française a établi à N'Djamena l'état-major de son opération Barkhane contre ces groupes.

    Le "terrorisme" qui frappe aussi "les pays du Bassin du Lac Tchad doit être combattu avec détermination", a ajouté le ministre.

    • Village attaqué au Nigeria -

    L'armée tchadienne est en première ligne dans l'opération militaire régionale contre les insurgés de Boko Haram, qui ont multiplié les attentats-suicide ces dernières semaines dans le nord-est du Nigeria.

    Vendredi soir, 11 personnes ont été tuées lorsque des islamistes ont envahi un village reculé de l'Etat de Borno, à moitié incendié.

    Et samedi matin à Maiduguri, deux kamikazes ont fait deux morts en visant une gare routière bondée, où ils ont percuté un bus, un attentat revendiqué par Boko Haram.

    Ces attaques soulignent la capacité de nuisance du groupe islamiste, malgré les succès militaires revendiqués ces derniers mois par l'opération régionale à laquelle participent le Nigeria et ses voisins tchadiens, nigériens et camerounais.

    Le nouveau président nigérian Muhammadu Buhari a érigé en priorité la lutte contre Boko Haram qui, depuis son entrée en fonction le 29 mai, a multiplié les attaques, faisant près de 580 victimes au Nigeria, selon un décompte de l'AFP.

    "Il y a peu de chances que la lutte contre Boko Haram trouve son terme rapidement", a déclaré à l'AFP Ryan Cummings, analyste chez Red24.

    "Boko Haram reste perçu comme un problème nigérian, mais l'évidence montre que la menace a pris des proportions régionales qui réclament une solution régionale", selon lui.

    L'insurrection et sa répression ont fait au moins 15.000 morts depuis 2009 et plus de 1,5 million de déplacés.

    yas-cl/tmo/plh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Reuters - AlertNet
    Country: Chad

    Source: Reuters - Sat, 11 Jul 2015 16:05 GMT
    Author: Reuters

    • Boko Haram has claimed previous Chad attacks

    • Bomber was dressed in a burqa - witnesses

    • Chad is key Western ally in the region

    • Suicide bomber also hits Nigeria's Maiduguri (Updates death toll, adds detail on Nigeria attacks)

    By Madjiasra Nako and Moumine Ngarmbassa

    N'DJAMENA, July 11 (Reuters) - A man dressed in a woman's burqa blew himself up in the main market in Chad's capital N'Djamena early on Saturday, killing 15 people and injuring 80, a police spokesman said.

    Read the full report on AlertNet


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    Source: Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
    Country: Mali

    Alors, même que le Mali reste un pays en guerre depuis 2012, de nombreuses familles ayant fui les premiers combats tentent à présent de rentrer chez eux alors même que leur habitat est en tout ou partie détruit.

    La crise sécuritaire de 2012 au Mali a provoqué le déplacement de centaines de milliers de personnes, à l’intérieur et à l’extérieur du Mali. Alors que les années suivantes se caractérisent par un retour progressif et difficile vers la paix, la question des modalités de retour des réfugiés se pose lorsque leur habitat d’origine a été en tout ou partie détruit par les conflits.

    Pour répondre aux besoins de ces populations, et afin qu’elles puissent retourner vivre chez elles dans la dignité, ACTED, grâce au soutien du HCR, apporte son soutien à plus de 400 ménages actuellement retournés dans les régions de Mopti et Gao qui n’ont actuellement pas d’abris leur permettant de vivre dans la dignité. En réhabilitant 9 salles de classe réparties sur 3 sites scolaires, ACTED permet à plus de 450 écoliers de pouvoir à nouveau retrouver les chemins de l’école. Enfin, en construisant trois forages, ACTED vise à soutenir 1500 personnes dans leurs besoins quotidiens en eau.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | Sunday 7/12/2015 - 13:59 GMT

    A soldier and three Boko Haram members died early Sunday when the Islamists raided a prison in southeastern Niger in a likely bid to free detained colleagues, humanitarian and government sources said.

    The attack on the prison at Diffa, near the border with Nigeria, occurred between 0000 and 0100 GMT, a humanitarian source said.

    "They killed a captain of the prison guard and three of the attackers died," the source said, adding that they "came on foot" and were probably trying to free some Boko Haram members held in the prison.

    Two other jail guards were injured, the source said. The attackers were dressed in army uniforms and had grenades and assault rifles.

    Diffa is located in the heartland of the Boko Haram insurgency. Many young people from Diffa have joined the ranks of Boko Haram, getting paid about 300,000 CFA francs (around 450 euros or $500) per month, according to local officials.

    In June, 38 civilians were killed -- including 14 women and 10 children -- in a Boko Haram attack targeting two villages close to Diffa.

    Troops from Niger, Chad, Nigeria and Cameroon have been fighting Boko Haram insurgents for several months and have claimed a string of successes but the group has recently stepped up strikes, especially suicide bombings, in Nigeria and its neighbouring countries.

    Boko Haram's deadly insurgency, which erupted in northern Nigeria, has killed at least 15,000 people since 2009 and left more than 1.5 million homeless.

    A local official told AFP that some of the attackers fled after the raid, adding that the dead were buried in a common grave.

    The local private Anfani radio station reported that there was an intense gunbattle at the prison for at least an hour. It said the three dead attackers all wore belts packed with explosives.

    Boko Haram staged a failed raid on Diffa prison in February.

    bh/ach/ccr


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Chad

    12 July 2015 – United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has strongly condemned yesterday's deadly terrorist attack in the Chadian capital of N'Djamena, a spokesperson for the Organization said today.

    According to reports, a suicide bomber targeted N'Djamena's central market killing at least 15 people and injuring numerous others.

    In a statement released earlier this morning, the Secretary-General's spokesperson declared that Mr. Ban extended his “heartfelt condolences” the families of the victims and to the Government and people of Chad.

    “This brutal attack against civilians during the month of Ramadan serves as a reminder to all of us that the scourge of terrorism knows no bounds,” the statement continued.

    “The Secretary-General reiterates the importance of further collaboration among countries of the region to more effectively combat terrorism while adhering to international humanitarian, human rights and refugee law.”

    Although the attack has, as of yet, gone unclaimed, the porous border between Chad and north-eastern Nigeria has permitted militants aligned with the Boko Haram extremist group to fan out across the region and widen their range of devastation.

    In June, a Boko Haram attack in N'Djamena killed 25 people and similarly drew the Secretary-General's condemnation.

    Mr. Ban has also previously commended Chad for its “courageous role” in the fight against Boko Haram as part of a larger Multinational Joint Task Force.


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    Source: CARE
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    When disaster strikes, CARE is ready to assist, thanks to staff on the ground like Fatouma Zara Soumana from CARE Niger. As a gender expert in the emergency space, Fatouma ensures the relief response meets the needs of women and girls as well as men and boys.

    As an emergency manager, you travel around 60 per cent of your time. What do you do exactly?

    I support CARE’s emergency response in different countries where we help communities suffering from disasters or conflict. As a gender expert, my role is to look at the work we do and make sure that it meets the different needs of women and girls as well as men and boys. You might think from the outside that all people need the same; food, water and shelter. However, needs can be quite different. Identifying those differences and incorporating them in our response is one of my main responsibilities.

    Find out how CARE helps in times of emergency.

    What differences can that be?

    A simple example would be the specific needs of women and girls when it comes to their personal hygiene. It might be helpful for a family to receive soap, water and buckets when they have lost their homes, but women and girls will also need sanitary pads or other items that are culturally appropriate. Men need shaving kits. Children up to five years and pregnant and lactating women need enriched food, etc. Catering to these specific needs doesn’t necessarily cost much, we just need to ensure correct planning from the onset of our response. Small things can make a big difference.

    Most of the time, the discussion revolves around women and girls and their vulnerabilities. Are there any specific needs that you encounter with men and boys?

    Sure, men and boys do have their specific vulnerabilities. With the Nigeria crisis, men are most at risk of being killed while young men are subjected to forced recruitment by armed groups. If they manage to escape, they need special support to overcome the trauma.

    You have just finished a so-called rapid gender assessment in Niger, in the Eastern part of the country. CARE supports host communities and refugees from Nigeria who have found shelter here. What were your key findings?

    From this analysis we found important humanitarian needs because the number of refugees and displaced people has dramatically increased over the last months. Both the hosts and the displaced people lack food, proper hygiene and sanitation as well as shelter. People told us that there wasn’t enough protection against gender-based violence and that rape and prostitution were on the rise in this setting. We’ve also heard that young men who were freed from armed groups lack the support to reintegrate.

    Learn more about the humanitarian situation in Niger by visiting our Country Page.

    Is there a story that touched you in particular?

    Yes, indeed. I talked to a mother of two children who told me how she fled her village in Northern Nigeria when it was under attack by armed groups. She spent a whole day walking on foot until she came to a river where she was spotted by an armed man. He told her she would be spared if she stayed quiet and hid in the river. The woman spent a whole night standing up in the river where it was shallow enough to hold her children above the water level. The whole time she prayed to survive. Now she lives at a transit site in Niger and needs food, water and shelter. She and her family are still trying to survive.

    What do you do when you don’t travel?

    I write reports about the findings from my visit. I develop manuals to train our emergency teams how to incorporate gender-sensitive analysis into their operations. I respond to queries and contribute to research and evaluations.

    With all the travelling you do, how do you balance your work and family life?

    I have five kids, two of them are in university. I’m lucky to have a very supportive husband who does not travel. He always says that he is “Mum and Dad in one” when I’m not around. I make sure to talk to my children about the places I go to and why I need to be away from them at times. They understand. It is not always easy, but with their Dad and other family members around in Niamey (the capital of Niger, where I live), they are well taken care of.

    What do you like most about your job?

    I’m always excited to contribute first-hand to CARE’s emergency work. I am encouraged to see CARE’s support reach women and men in need and I am inspired by the strength and resilience of communities that suffer from displacement, natural disasters or conflict. I love to discover new places and meet new people, learn new things every time. In this job, I am able to work in many countries and I always discover new things – whether in Turkey, Sudan, Madagascar, Cameroon, Chad, Mali or elsewhere.

    You can help vulnerable communities around the world to prepare for and recover from disaster by donating to CARE’s Global Emergency Fund.


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