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- 07/08/15--04:06: _World: West and Cen...
- 07/08/15--04:34: _World: The Mitigati...
- 07/08/15--05:26: _Cameroon: Nigeria S...
- 07/08/15--05:30: _Chad: Nigeria Situa...
- 07/08/15--06:56: _Nigeria: Briefing t...
- 07/08/15--07:25: _Nigeria: Nigeria ar...
- 07/08/15--08:09: _World: Spread of gl...
- 07/08/15--08:11: _Mali: Mali : SRP 20...
- 07/08/15--09:22: _Niger: Niger: Popul...
- 07/08/15--09:27: _Nigeria: Climate Pr...
- 07/08/15--10:25: _Niger: Nigeria Situ...
- 07/08/15--20:45: _Peru: Peru declares...
- 07/08/15--21:24: _Chad: Sudanese Refu...
- 07/08/15--21:41: _Chad: Les réfugiés ...
- 07/08/15--19:44: _Cameroon: Cameroon:...
- 07/08/15--22:51: _Mali: President's M...
- 07/08/15--23:36: _Mali: Face aux chan...
- 07/09/15--02:25: _World: Crop Prospec...
- 07/09/15--04:59: _Mali: Bulletin mens...
- 07/09/15--05:26: _Mali: Mali : UN - C...
During the month of June 2,709 individuals arrived in Minawao camp spontaneously; This population consists of refugees who have recently crossed from Nigeria but mainly of refugees who have been out of camps in the border zones and who now realize that the insecurity in their area of origin might last longer
76% of the total camp population are under 18 years old
Cholera prevention plan and rainy season preparedness are ongoing
I am pleased to be here today to brief you on the situation in West Africa and the implementation of UNOWA’s mandate. Further to the 15th report of the Secretary-General on the activities of the United Nations Office for West Africa (UNOWA) which is before you, I would like to highlight few issues and update you on the most recent developments.
The general picture in West Africa today is that of, first, continuous concerns regarding the security situation in the Lake Chad Basin area and its humanitarian impact, in spite of progress made by the affected countries in the fight against Boko Haram; second, continuing risks of instability in several West African nations, in the lead up to their presidential elections later in the year, following the resounding success in the Nigerian electoral process; Lastly, trans-national organized crime and the Ebola Virus Disease still remain a matter of serious concern in spite of continuing national, regional and international efforts to curb these threats. These are areas that will continue to guide our preventive diplomacy and good offices efforts in the months to come.
- 07/08/15--07:25: Nigeria: Nigeria arrests 'mastermind' of Jos, Zaria bombings
Rains increase for Nigeria and far Western Africa during the past week.
Local parts of southeast Sudan and northwest Ethiopia exhibit increasing rainfall deficits in recent weeks.
Since the Prime Minister’s visit to Diffa, there are more armed escorts available for humanitarian workers in the Eastern part of the Diffa region. However, access to Bosso is still restricted and the south Eastern part, where only ICRC and MSF are working, remains nearly inaccessible in Bosso/Yebi.
Food insecurity and sanitation are serious issues in the Diffa region. Needs concerning shelter will soon become another serious issue in view of the rapidly approaching rainy season.
Registration of displaced persons from Lake Chad is ongoing in N’Guigmi with the deployment of CNE (government entity). A total of 2,420 individuals representing 760 households have been transferred to Kablewa on a voluntary basis.
- 07/08/15--20:45: Peru: Peru declares emergency in 14 regions on El Nino worries
- 07/08/15--21:24: Chad: Sudanese Refugees in Chad: Passing the Baton to No One
Donors and the World Food Program (WFP) must immediately increase food rations to 2,100 kilocalories per day for vulnerable Sudanese refugees, until such time as assistance can be adjusted in line with region-wide household economic assessments.
The UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and WFP should closely monitor the food security situation of Sudanese refugees after food assistance is adjusted. After 12 months, UNHCR and WFP should commission a full Joint Impact Evaluation to identify any necessary adjustments and to more fully understand and address coping mechanisms.
Donors – especially the United States Agency for International Development, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, the European Union’s Directorate-General for International Cooperation and Development, and the World Bank – should provide dedicated funding for development and resilience initiatives in eastern Chad that benefit both Sudanese refugees and Chadian host communities. Donors should also work with the Chadian government to make sure these populations are prioritized in the country’s National Development Plan.
The UN Development Program, the Food and Agriculture Organization, the UN Children’s Education Fund, and the UN Population Fund should deploy additional program staff to eastern Chad in accordance with their respective responsibilities under the UN Integrated Strategy for the Sahel, and should work with UNHCR to implement development and resilience initiatives on the basis of need.
In refugee-hosting areas, donors and development agencies should prioritize efforts to improve water management, agricultural inputs and techniques, land management and dispute resolution, and women’s empowerment.
UNHCR should freeze its budget for core refugee protection and assistance in eastern Chad. Further cuts should only be considered once refugees begin receiving long-term support from development actors.
The Chadian government should strengthen healthcare services in refugee-hosting areas. In particular, the government should accelerate the hiring process for healthcare workers with foreign qualifications and pay incentives to healthcare workers who accept postings in underserved areas.
The Chadian government must pay for all necessary salaries and equipment for the Detachment for the Protection of Humanitarians and Refugees.
- 07/08/15--21:41: Chad: Les réfugiés Soudanais au Tchad : passer le relais à personne
- 07/08/15--19:44: Cameroon: Cameroon: Humanitarian Overview (as of 30 June 2015)
- 07/09/15--02:25: World: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 2, July 2015
Prospects for world cereal production in 2015 remain favourable, despite recent adverse weather conditions in some regions and continuing concerns over El Niño, with the global cereal supply and demand outlook for 2015/16 pointing to generally stable conditions.
Export prices of wheat and maize generally increased in June on concerns about the impact of unfavourable weather yield potential. By contrast, international prices of rice weakened further mainly because of weak import demand. Cereal prices in June remained well below their year-earlier levels, reflecting the continuing overall positive outlook for this year’s production.
AFRICA: Cereal production in 2015 is forecast below last year’s bumper crop, largely reflecting a sharp reduction in Southern Africa due to adverse weather. Delayed onset of seasonal rains in West Africa has also raised concern over production prospects.
Similarly, in East Africa, lower outputs are forecast due to poor rains while the food security situation in South Sudan is very alarming, especially in conflict-affected areas. A rebound in North Africa’s cereal output, mainly wheat, is projected to prevent a steeper decline at the regional level, while a small increase is also forecast in Central Africa, despite persistent and disruptive conflicts.
ASIA: The overall cereal production outlook in 2015 remains positive, mostly on account of a record output forecast in China. However, recent dry weather has dampened prospects in India and several countries of the Far East subregion. In the Near East, 2015 production is expected to recover from last year’s drought-affected output, but escalating conflicts in Iraq, Syria and Yemen exacerbate the humanitarian crisis.
LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN: Prospects point to an above-average 2015 crop in South America, but below the bumper level of 2014. While the outlook is also positive in Mexico, the presence of El Niño has lowered expectations in the rest of Central America; however, this year’s output is still tentatively forecast to increase from the drought-affected 2014 crop.
FAO estimates that, globally, 34 countries, including 28 in Africa, are in need of external assistance for food.
- 07/09/15--04:59: Mali: Bulletin mensuel - Marché du riz au Mali n°15 - juin 2015
Riz Local Gambiaka: le prix le moins cher est 325 FCFA/kg enregistré à Klela, Siengo et à Niono et le plus cher avec 350 FCFA/kg enregistré à Tombouctou.
Riz Local Adny11 : il est vendu à 300 FCFA/kg à Baguinéda (Koulikoro) et 315 FCFA/kg à Siengo (Ségou).
Riz Local étuvé : il est vendu à 400 FCFA/kg à Niono et Kléla enregistre 250 FCFA/kg pour la variété Gambiaka.
Paddy : les prix des différentes variétés varient de 150 et 197 FCFA/kg le prix le plus bas est enregistré à Niono et le plus élevé à Tombouctou.
Les Semences : les prix ont évolué entre 275 à Siengo à 335 FCFA/kg enregistré à Baguinéda pour les variétés Kogoni et BG.
- 07/09/15--05:26: Mali: Mali : UN - CMCoord (au 30 juin 2015)
180 CASES OF MEASLES RECORDED
Around 180 cases of measles, including three deaths were reported in Abeche in the east of the country during the month of June. The outbreak is likely due to the return of gold miners from neighbouring Sudan, which is battling to contain its worst measles outbreak in recent years. A response plan is being implemented and the situation seems to be under control.
3 CONFIRMED EBOLA CASES
As of 3 July, Liberia’s Ministry of Health reported three confirmed EVD cases, including a patient who died on 28 June, becoming the country’s first Ebola death since the country was declared free of the virus on 9 May. A total of 172 people thought to have been in contact with the new patients are being monitored. Robust contract tracing is underway and the government has urged enhanced preventive measures. Humanitarian partners are providing food and nonfood items to the community in which the first EVD death occurred.
6 PEACEKEEPERS KILLED IN AMBUSH
On 2 July, six MINUSMA peacekeepers were killed and five others severely wounded when their convoy came under attack in the northern Timbuktu region. The incident brings to 42 the number of peacekeepers killed, including 10 in 2015 alone, and 166 wounded since MINUSMA deployed in Mali in April 2013. The UN Security Council condemned the attack and pointed out that attacks on peacekeepers may constitute war crimes under international law.
10 KILLED IN ARMED RAID
Ten people were killed during a raid by suspected insurgents on Assaga village in the southeastern Diffa region on the night of 27 June. It was the third such attack in two weeks in Diffa.
Around 3,000 people are displaced and living on a site by the main road. They are surviving with the help of the local population. A rapid joint assessment mission consisting of the Regional Committee for Refugees Management and Coordination and OCHA visited the site on 1 July to assess needs in order to establish a response plan. The needs identified are food, water, sanitation, shelter and non-food items as well as protection.
230 KILLED IN WAVE OF ATTACKS
More than 230 people have been killed in a series of armed attacks in north-eastern Nigeria since 1 July, according to media reports. On 5 July, at least 44 people were killed in near simultaneous twin blasts at a shopping centre and outside a mosque in the central city of Jos.
Suicide bombings and armed raids between 3 - 5 July killed dozens of people, including five worshippers in the north-eastern city of Potiskum. In two days of attacks that started on 1 July, almost 150 people were killed in remote villages near Lake Chad. Suspected Boko Haram militants have stepped up raids in recent weeks and have also been blamed for suicide bombings in the Chadian capital as well as attacks on villages in southern Niger in June.
26 NEW CASES REPORTED
Since the death of the first Ebola patient in Liberia on 28 June, two new cases have been confirmed. In Guinea, 18 new confirmed cases were reported during the reporting period.
Several reinforced surveillance and social mobilisation campaigns have been launched in the various EVD hotspots. Six new cases were reported as of 2 July in Sierra Leone, where humanitarian actors have recommended the extension of a 21-day curfew and enhanced health intervention in the country’s three EVD hotspots.
Rural smallholder farmers have big potential to reduce agriculture's carbon footprint
PARIS, FRANCE - 8 JULY 2015 Helping farmers adapt to the impacts of climate change can also significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions – which is good news for the planet and for future generations, says the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS).
Speaking at UNESCO’s Our Common Future Under Climate Change Science Conference in Paris, CCAFS and IFAD have released details of their latest research on what mitigation potential smallholder farming actually has.
The study finds reducing emissions may not be as big a burden as some may believe. The Mitigation Advantage Report has found that mitigation could be another benefit of adaptation activities. The study, released today, examines IFAD’s portfolio of projects focused on making smallholder agriculture more resilient to climate change.
The Mitigation Advantage Report shows that thirteen IFAD-supported adaptation projects could reduce CO2e emissions by 30 million tons. This represents about 38 per cent of IFAD’s target to reduce 80 million tons of CO2e by 2020 under its Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP).
Whilst IFAD’s investments are focusing on the key priorities of rural poverty reduction, climate change adaptation and food security, the mitigation target set by the organisation shows how resilient, climate-smart agriculture can make a substantive contribution to the global fight to curb greenhouse gas emissions. “What this report shows is that smallholder farmers are a key part of the solution to the climate change challenge,” says IFAD’s Vice President Michel Mordasini. “With the right investments, smallholders can feed a growing planet while at the same time restoring degraded ecosystems and reducing agriculture's carbon footprint.” IFAD’s climate change adaptation initiatives include improved agronomic practices, afforestation and rehabilitation of degraded lands. These practices help address farmers’ immediate needs, like dealing with unpredictable rains, and gradual shifts in crop suitability.
If smallholder adaptation can help reduce global emissions, there could be new opportunities, according to CCAFS Head of Research, Sonja Vermeulen. “Currently over 90 per cent of public and private climate funds go to mitigation, not adaptation. For future food security it would be very helpful if the majority of the world’s farmers, who are smallholders, could access those funds,” she said.
IFAD is supporting projects in over 40 countries through its innovative climate financing mechanism, the Adaptation for Smallholder Agriculture Programme (ASAP). Launched in 2012, ASAP has become the largest global financing source dedicated to supporting the adaptation of poor smallholder farmers to climate change.
B-Roll is available from James Heer, Manager, Broadcast Communications, T +39 06 5459 2550, Email email@example.com.
IFAD’s Environment and Climate Division
Tel: +39 366 6121101
Tel: +44 777 2195317
49,813 pre-registered by the Government
22,000 new arrivals as declared by the Government
42,188 registered in Minawao by UNHCR
12,487 refugees out of camp (joint UNHCR / IOM profiling
REGIONAL SITUATION ANALYSIS
In the month of June, large scale displacement persists in Nigeria (about 1.4 million IDPs) and the neighbouring Chad, Cameroon and Niger (163,197). Security incidents continue throughout the North East of Nigeria (BH did its first attack in Yola, Adamawa state), with more than 266 people killed, including several attacks perpetrated by BH in Niger (east of Bosso), Chad (two terrorist attacks in N’Djamena which killed about 50 people), Cameroon; a possible infiltration of BH in CAR has been reported.
On 11 June an important military and political agreement has been signed among Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon granting Nigeria’s President, Gen. Muhammadu Buhari, the position of Force Commander of the Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF) against BH. The major goals are to limit BH capacity in receiving funds and weapons, reinforce the MNJTF HQ in N’Djamena, strengthen cross border patrolling and share intelligence.
The on-going conflict is continuing to displace people and conditions in most areas of displacement are not conducive for supporting safe returns due to insecurity and lack of basic services3. However, it should be noted that 85% of IDPs in Adamawa state – Nigeria – expressed their intention to return4. The humanitarian space and presence in the remote areas of the region is extremely reduced also due to the upscaled military operation of Chad after the terrorist attacks.
In Nigeria, between 3.5 and 4 million people will face difficulty securing adequate food supplies in 2015 with food insecurity peaking in August, particularly as the vast majority of IDPs were unable to prepare and cultivate the land for this current rainy season. In Cameroon a recent assessment found high rates of malnutrition among IDPs and the local population. In Niger, WFP extended its assistance to 130,000 (+61%), people due to lack of local resources.
Distinguished Council Members,
3.Since May, the Boko Haram insurgency has stepped up its attacks and violence in the Lake Chad Basin Area mainly against civilian targets, leading to new deterioration of the security and humanitarian situations. Although the structure and capacity for conventional war of Boko Haram has been destroyed, the terror group continues to perpetrate violent attacks and rampages in Nigeria but also Niger and Chad, as illustrated in recent weeks. This underscores the necessity for continued vigilance and coordinated regional action. In this regard the unprecedented solidarity exemplified by the joint military operations carried out by Nigeria, Chad, Niger and Cameroon against Boko Haram since January, with the support of international partners, is indeed commendable.
4.Immediately after his inauguration, President Buhari visited Niger and Chad on 3 and 4 June to initiate high level consultations and galvanize support for fight against Boko Haram. On 11 June, an Extraordinary Summit of the Heads of State and Government of the Lake Chad Basin Commission member countries plus Benin took place in Abuja, where far-reaching decisions were taken to accelerate the effective operationalization of the multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF). To ensure continuity in the war effort, more support from all partners remains crucial. In the longer term, addressing the root causes of the insurgency constitutes a condition for lasting stability. A coordinated post-conflict strategy is required to help restore normal living conditions and organize the return of refugees and displaced people that the conflict has caused.
5.While the Boko Haram-related insecurity has impeded field assessment in their northern areas, I am pleased to report that in the context of the Cameroun-Nigeria Mixed Commission, which I chair on behalf of the United Nations, the two countries have not relented on completing the demarcation of their common land boundary. As the CNMC is actively preparing to initiate Confidence-building projects in favour of Cameroon and Nigeria populations adversely affected by the demarcation, I should note that the UN support team has already outlined a completion strategy which establishes specific timetables and projections for concluding the work of the commission, and for passing responsibility for residual and follow up activities to a bi-lateral commission exclusively composed by the two countries.
6.In Guinea, the inter-Guinean political dialogue kicked off on 19 June, with the international partners including the UN sitting as observers. Subsequently, however, the Representative of the Organisation Internationale de la Francophonie (OIF) and I assumed an informal facilitation role at the request of Government facilitators and the parties. It is pertinent to note that the contentious issue of the sequencing of the elections has been resolved in favour of the presidential election holding before the communal/local elections. Longstanding contentious elements dividing the government and the opposition are now being addressed, notably strengthening the technical capacity of the CENI, a credible electoral register and the monitoring and evaluation of the preparations of the presidential elections with the support of the UN, ECOWAS, OIF, bi and multilateral partners.
7.One remaining major challenge is the financial and expertise gap that needs to be bridged for the electoral process in Guinea to be on course. Time is of the essence, given that we have only about four months to the date of the presidential elections. While a number of partners have made pledges, it is expedient that these promises are redeemed soonest.
8.Concerning Burkina Faso, the International Group for Support and Assistance to the Transition in Burkina Faso (GISAT-BF) met on 12 June 2015 in the margins of the 25th Summit of Heads of State and Government of the African Union in Johannesburg. The Group noted progress in the preparation for elections, notably with the completed revision of the voters’ register. Meanwhile, there are concerns regarding what is emerging as a fragile equilibrium of the transition and in particular the underlying tensions between Prime Minister Zida and the Presidential Security Regiment (RSP). Our concerns increased following recent incident on 29 June when elements of the RSP reportedly attempted to arrest Prime Minister Zida upon his return from a foreign trip. Several gun shots were heard in the Regiment’s camp that evening. I should, however, mention the commendable efforts by President Kafando in appeasing the situation and in keeping the transition on track towards the holding of presidential election on 10 October. Meanwhile, I plan to visit Ouagadougou upon my return to the region, jointly with the Chairperson of the ECOWAS Commission and the AU commissioner for Peace and Security in our capacity as co-chairs of the International Group for Support and Assistance to the Transition in Burkina Faso (GISAT-BF).
9.Before I conclude, let me draw your attention to the continuous challenges posed by the Ebola virus disease in the region. On 24 June, UNOWA facilitated a telephone conference between the Mano River Union Secretariat and peace missions in the region, during which were emphasized the difficulties met in border areas, as none of the security and confidence-building mechanisms are operational, and restrictions due to Ebola continue to affect local livelihoods. Despite significant achievements in the fight against Ebola, Guinea and Sierra Leone are yet to attain zero case situations. Most worrisome is that, after declaring a zero case situation on 9 May, Liberia has detected three new cases; the last was confirmed on 28 June. There have been remarkable examples of solidarity between the neighbors in facing the Ebola crisis. With the epidemics still active, and in a sensitive political context especially in Guinea, the resources in place since 2014, including UNMEER’s, remain essential towards achieving the goal of zero Ebola case.
Distinguished Council Members,
I thank you for your attention.
Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Wednesday 7/8/2015 - 16:23 GMT
Nigeria's military on Wednesday said it had arrested a suspect thought to have planned Boko Haram attacks in the central city of Jos and northern city of Zaria that killed more than 70 people.
Army spokesman Sani Usman said a security cordon put in place after the attacks led to the arrest of "the mastermind" and two accomplices in the northeastern state of Gombe.
"The terrorist kingpin and his colleagues who (were hiding) in a trailer while trying to evade checks were fished out by troops of the Nigerian Army," he added in an emailed statement.
Sunday night's attacks in Jos saw a mosque hit with bullets and a rocket-propelled grenade fired, while a restaurant popular with travellers from the restive northeast was also targeted.
Mohammed Abdulsalam, coordinator for the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) in Jos, told AFP on Wednesday the death toll had risen from 44 to 51.
On Tuesday 25 people died when a suspected suicide bomber detonated his explosives at a government office in Zaria, Kaduna state, as public sector workers queued for identity checks.
Boko Haram has increased the frequency and intensity of its attacks since Muhammadu Buhari became president on May 29, vowing to crush the militants.
In that period more than 550 people have died, according to an AFP tally.
The upsurge in attacks has prompted Nigeria's authorities to issue public warnings for vigilance to the general public, particularly in crowded places such as bus stations, markets and mosques.
Failure to find political solutions in areas of violent crisis is forcing ICRC to extend its core humanitarian remit, says organisation’s president Peter Maurer
Wednesday 8 July 2015 09.54 EDT
The world’s inability to deal with the proliferation of conflict driven-crises is forcing the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) to shoulder an ever-larger burden and reassess the way it works, the organisation’s president has warned.
Read the story on the Guardian
This Operations Update n° 4 announces a revision in the Emergency Appeal, with a budget reduced to a total of CHF 851,786 (decreased from CHF 1m) to enable the IFRC to support the Niger Red Cross Society (NRCS) to deliver assistance to a total of 50,000 beneficiaries (decreased from 80,000), and extending the operation for an additional six months (to December 2015). This revision is largely due to the deterioration of the security situation in Diffa region and a resulting lack of access preventing the planned implementation resulting in some activities unachieved. This revision will enable the NRCS to address the initial and new unmet needs according to the current security situation in the new zone of intervention in Diffa and prioritizing the following sectors: health and care; water, sanitation, and hygiene promotion; food security, nutrition, and livelihoods; shelter and household items; and National Society capacity building. With CHF 372,742 available resources received, the net request is CHF 479,044.
1) A delayed onset of the rainy season, followed by poorly-distributed rainfall, has led to abnormal dryness across Burkina Faso, the central and northern parts of Ghana, Togo, and Benin, western and southern Niger, and northern Nigeria. The lack of rainfall over the past several weeks has delayed planting and has already negatively affected cropping activities over many local areas.
Source: Reuters - Sun, 5 Jul 2015 17:48 GMT
LIMA, July 5 (Reuters) - Peru has declared a 60-day state of emergency in towns in 14 regions to brace for possible damage from the climate pattern El Nino in the rainy season, state media reported Sunday.
Read more on AlertNet.
More than ten years after first arriving in Chad, over 360,000 Sudanese refugees are now dealing with a new reality. In the face of dramatic food ration cuts, and after years of shrinking support from the international community, aid agencies are pushing these refugees to become self-sufficient and more deeply integrated with their Chadian hosts. With the global humanitarian system overstretched, a more sustainable and targeted assistance strategy for this population would seem reasonable. But the early stages of this transition have encountered serious problems. These ration cuts, now in place for 18 months, have been devastating for already vulnerable households. Humanitarian funding has dried up and not been replaced by desperately-needed development activities. It is unrealistic to expect refugees to become self-sufficient in a place where livelihood opportunities are hard to find, government services are limited, cost of living is high, host community tensions are increasing, and most crucially, little development funding exists. It is time for the international community to recommit itself to this long-suffering population, and to do so in a sustainable way.
Michael Boyce and Ann Hollingsworth visited Chad in May and June 2015. They met with refugees, host communities, humanitarians, development actors, and government officials in the regions of N’Djamena, Wadi Fira, and Ouaddaï.
Plus de dix ans après leur arrivée au Tchad, plus de 360.000 réfugiés soudanais sont maintenant confrontés à une nouvelle réalité. Face à l’énorme réduction des rations alimentaires, et après des années de diminution du soutien de la communauté internationale, les agences d’aide poussent ces réfugiés à devenir autonomes et plus profondément intégré avec leurs hôtes tchadiens. Avec le système humanitaire mondial débordé, une stratégie d’assistance plus durable et ciblée pour cette population semble raisonnable. Toutefois les premiers stades de cette transition ont rencontré de sérieux problèmes. Les réductions de ration mis en place depuis 18 mois, ont été accablantes pour les ménages qui sont déjà vulnérables. Le financement de l’aide humanitaire a été épuisé et il n’a pas été remplacé par des activités de développement indispensables. Ce n’est pas réaliste de s’attendre à ce que les réfugies deviennent autonomes dans un endroit où les moyens d’existence sont difficiles à trouver, les services gouvernementaux sont limitées, le coût de la vie est élevé, les tensions avec la communauté hôte sont en augmentation, et, plus important encore, où il y a à peine du financement pour le développement. Il est temps pour la communauté internationale de renouveler son engagement avec cette population qui souffre depuis longtemps, et de le faire d’une manière durable.
Malaria prevention and control is a major foreign assistance objective of the U.S. Government. In May 2009, President Barack Obama announced the Global Health Initiative, a comprehensive effort to reduce the burden of disease and promote healthy communities and families around the world. Through the Global Health Initiative, the United States will help partner countries improve health outcomes, with a particular focus on improving the health of women, newborns, and children.
The President’s Malaria Initiative (PMI) is a core component of the Global Health Initiative, along with family planning, maternal and child health, nutrition, HIV/AIDS, and tuberculosis.
PMI was launched in June 2005 as a 5-year, $1.2 billion initiative to rapidly scale up malaria prevention and treatment interventions and reduce malaria-related mortality by 50% in 15 highburden countries in sub-Saharan Africa. With passage of the 2008 Lantos-Hyde Act, funding for PMI was extended and, as part of the GHI, the goal of PMI was adjusted to reduce malariarelated mortality by 70% in the original 15 countries by the end of 2015.
PMI began supporting activities in Mali in 2007 in close collaboration with the National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) as well as international and national partners. With the coup d’état of March 22, 2012, in which the democratically elected president was overthrown by the military, the U.S. Government and many other donors suspended foreign aid to the Government of Mali until a democratic solution to the political crisis could be achieved. For PMI, this meant suspending all assistance and funding to the NMCP and other Ministry of Health (MOH) entities.
The U.S. Department of State authorized some PMI activities on humanitarian grounds, such as procurement and distribution of essential malaria commodities; however, the bulk of PMI projects were temporarily suspended. Following intervention by the Economic Community of West African States and the international community, Malians agreed on a consensual transitional government currently in place. In late July/early August 2013, the people of Mali democratically elected a new president who was sworn in on September 4, 2013. As a result, the U.S. Government lifted all restrictions on U.S. foreign assistance to Mali and authorized immediate return to normal bilateral relations with the Government of Mali, including direct support to the MOH.
Malaria is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in Mali, particularly among children under five years of age. The disease is endemic to the central and southern regions (where over 90% of Mali’s population lives), and considered epidemic in the north. In 2013, the national health management information system (Système Local d’Information Sanitaire [SLIS]), reported 2.3 million clinical cases of malaria in health facilities and 1680 fatal malaria cases.
There has also been an increase in the number of suspected cases that were confirmed by laboratory means, from 52% in 2012 to 80% in 2013. However, given the inherent difficulties with the health information system, the SLIS data should be viewed with caution.
Since the 2006 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), Mali has demonstrated significant progress in scaling up malaria prevention and control interventions, especially in vector control.
Results from the 2012 DHS indicate a 50% reduction of under-five mortality rates from 191 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2006 DHS to 95 deaths per 1,000 live births in the 2012 DHS.
Household ownership of at least one insecticide-treated bed net (ITN) increased from 50% in 2006 to 84% in 2012, and 69% of children under age five had slept under an ITN the previous night in 2012 compared with 27% in 2006. However, the same 2012 DHS survey also reported an increase in malaria parasite prevalence rates from 38% in 2010 to 52% in 2012.
Mali is the recipient of a $26 million 5-year Global Fund Round 6 malaria grant to support procurement of long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLINs) and artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) and has been approved for Phase 2 funding. However, the Round 6 grant was suspended in 2010 because of misappropriation of funds. As a result, PMI has procured emergency stocks of ACTs and rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) to ensure sufficient quantities are available in-country. Mali’s Round 10 Global Fund malaria proposal was recommended for funding; pre-disbursement assessment and negotiations with Population Services International, the new principal recipient and a consolidated version of the two malaria grants was signed in May 2013 with a total budget of approximately $123 million. The consolidated grant focuses on nationwide implementation of integrated community case management and a 2015 universal LLIN campaign. During the Global Fund malaria grant negotiation process, PMI contributed to filling several commodity gaps including LLINs, ACTs, and RDTs, in order to meet the annual national needs. In May 2014, Global Fund commodities such as ACTs, LLINs, and lab diagnostic kits, began to arrive in Mali.
While universal access to malaria prevention and control measures is the goal, pregnant women and children under five remain the focus of PMI efforts since they are the most vulnerable to malaria infection. The activities that PMI is proposing to support with FY 2015 funding align with the new 2013–2017 National Malaria Control Strategy and Plan, complement activities supported in the Global Fund malaria grant, and build on investments made by PMI and other partners to improve and expand malaria-related services.
Après le lancement en novembre 2014 du Programme d’Appui à l’Agriculture Durable et de Résilience contre les Changements Climatiques à Yanfolila (PAADRCY) , le PNUD a procédé ce 30 juin à Yanfolila (région de Sikasso) à la remise d’équipements à 265 paysans des trois communes du cercle.
C’était en présence de la Première dame du Mali, Keïta Aminata Maïga et de l’assistant au représentant résident, conseiller au programme/Environnement Aïda Mbo Keïta
Pour un coût de 48 637 500 FCFA, ce lot composé de kits de travail pour la restauration des terres dégradées ( kits d’équipement et de petits matériels composé charrettes, brouettes…)
Par ailleurs, les paysans bénéficiaires avaient déjà bénéficié de sessions de formation sur sur différentes techniques de préservation des sols.
Le coût total des équipements et des programmes de formation s’élève à 78 307 500FCFA.
Le programme vise à appuyer l’adoption de pratiques et technologies agropastorale et piscicole résilientes afin de réduire la vulnérabilité des systèmes de production face aux changements et à la variabilité climatiques.
Au Mali, les impacts des changements climatiques exercent des pressions considérables sur les secteurs vulnérables du pays affectant de ce fait de manière significative les dimensions économiques, sociales, et environnementales du développement durable du pays, et ceci à tous les niveaux et dans toutes les régions.
Pour les « Prix Producteurs »
Les prix collectés ce mois de Juin 2015, nous indiquent que :
Qu’est-ce que la CMCoord?
La Coordination civilo-militaire humanitaire des Nations Unies (UN-CMCoord) facilite le dialogue et l’interaction entre les acteurs civils et militaires - indispensables pour protéger et promouvoir les principes humanitaires, éviter la concurrence, minimiser les incohérences et le, cas échéant, poursuivre des objectifs communs.