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    Source: UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    DROITS DE L’HOMME AU MALI: LES NATIONS UNIES RÉCLAMENT LA FIN DE L’IMPUNITÉ

    Bamako/Genève - 20 mars 2015 : Un rapport des Nations Unies publié vendredi réclame la fin de l’impunité pour les nombreuses violations graves des droits de l’homme et du droit international humanitaire commises entre novembre 2013 et mai 2014 au Mali.

    Ce premier rapport conjoint publié par la Mission Multidimensionnelle Intégrée des Nations Unies pour la Stabilisation au Mali (MINUSMA) et le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme (HCDH) documente des violations et abus commis par les diverses parties au conflit. Parmi celles-ci figurent des exécutions sommaires et extrajudiciaires, des arrestations et détentions arbitraires et illégales, des cas de torture, l’utilisation et l’enrôlement d’enfants par les groupes armés ainsi que des pillages et destructions de biens.

    Le rapport est le résultat de 36 missions d’enquêtes et d’établissement des faits menées par les équipes des droits de l’homme de la MINUSMA dans plusieurs localités des régions de Kidal, Gao, Tombouctou et Mopti. L’équipe d’enquête a notamment visité plus de 150 lieux de détention dans ces quatre régions, ainsi que dans les localités de Sélingué (140 km de Bamako), Dioila (200 km de Bamako) et Markala, dans la région de Ségou.

    Le rapport met en évidence les violations commises par les Forces Armées Maliennes (FAMa) sur des civils, notamment sur la base de soupçons d’appartenance ou de collaboration avec les groupes armés. Il cite notamment des cas d’exécutions sommaires, de tortures, des traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants, des viols, des enlèvements, des arrestations et détentions arbitraires. Ces violations ont touché tout particulièrement Kidal, où les violations enregistrées ont été les plus nombreuses, mais aussi Anefis, Tarssek, Aguelhok et la région de Gao.

    Selon les statistiques de la Division des droits de l’homme, 150 arrestations arbitraires ont été effectuées par les FAMa entre le 1er novembre et le 31 mai 2014, touchant plus particulièrement des personnes d’origine touareg (52%), arabe (20%) et songhaï (10%).

    Le rapport documente également les abus des droits de l’homme et du droit international humanitaire commis par les groupes armés. Parmi ces violations figurent des cas d’exécutions sommaires, de tortures et traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants, l’administration de la justice de fait dans le nord du pays ainsi que l’utilisation et l’enrôlement d’enfants dans les groupes armés.

    Le rapport révèle que des attaques indiscriminées ou asymétriques ainsi que des actes criminels et terroristes ont été commis par divers groupes armés. Dans les régions du nord, les groupes extrémistes, parmi lesquels Ansar Dine, Aqmi et Mujao, ont ciblé des civils ainsi que les forces nationales et internationales, y compris le personnel des Nations Unies.

    Les évènements de Kidal du 16, 17 et 21 mai 2014 ont également entrainé des exactions graves et feront l’objet d’un rapport spécial séparé qui sera publié à une date ultérieure.

    Le conflit au nord du Mali a relancé la question de l’impunité dont jouissent les responsables des groupes armés, y compris extrémistes, quant aux crimes graves commis à l’encontre de soldats maliens et de la population civile au moment de la prise de casernes militaires en 2012.

    « Il est nécessaire que les violations et abus graves des droits de l’homme et du droit humanitaire commis au Mali fassent l’objet d’une enquête approfondie et impartiale, à la fois dans l’intérêt des victimes et pour la réconciliation au Mali », a déclaré le Représentant Spécial du Secrétaire Général des Nations Unies au Mali, M. Mongi Hamdi

    « L’ONU continuera d’apporter toute l’assistance nécessaire aux autorités maliennes pour assurer que la promotion et la protection des droits de l’homme soient renforcées. Nous sommes convaincus que la finalisation du paraphe et la signature de l’Accord de Paix et de Réconciliation Nationale issue des pourparlers intermaliens et sa mise en œuvre contribueront grandement à réaliser cet objectif », a souligné M.Hamdi.

    « Les individus impliqués dans des violations des droits de l’homme documentées dans ce rapport conjoint doivent être tenus responsables de leurs actes. L’impunité dont ils jouissent est inacceptable et doit cesser », a ajouté le Haut-Commissaire des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein. « Cela permettra de créer un environnement propice au dialogue dans la perspective d’un retour à une paix durable », a-t-il poursuivi.

    Dans leur rapport, la MINUSMA et le HCDH formulent 19 recommandations à l’intention du Gouvernement malien, des groupes armés et de la communauté internationale. Ces recommandations portent notamment sur l’amélioration des conditions sécuritaires, sur un plein engagement dans le processus de négociation politique, sur la lutte contre l’impunité, sur l’amélioration des conditions de détention et sur la célérité de l’administration de la justice. Ces recommandations visent ainsi à soutenir le Mali dans son engagement vers une résolution pacifique du conflit dans le plein respect des droits de l’homme.

    FIN

    Le rapport complet est disponible sur : http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/ML/Rapport_Mali1Nov2013_31mai20... ainsi que sur le site internet de la MINUSMA : http://minusma.unmissions.org

    Pour des informations additionnelles et des demandes des médias, veuillez contacter :

    A Bamako: Radhia Achouri, Cheffe du bureau de l’information et porte-parole de la MINUSMA (+223 94 95 00 52 ou achouri@un.org (link sends e-mail))

    A Genève: Cécile Pouilly (+41 22 917 9310 ou cpouilly@ohchr.org (link sends e-mail))


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    Source: UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Bamako/Geneva - 20 March 2015 : The United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) and the Office of the High-Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) publish Friday their first joint public report on the situation of human rights in Mali. The report documents gross violations and abuses of international human rights and international humanitarian law committed in Mali between 1 November 2013 and 31 May 2014.

    The human rights violations and abuses committed by both parties and documented in this report include cases of summary and extra-judicial executions, arbitrary and illegal arrests and detentions, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatments, sexual and gender-based violence, recruitment and association of children with armed forces, looting and destruction of property. Moreover, MINUSMA Human Rights Division documented a cycle of inter-communal violence opposing the Peulh and Tamasheq communities in the region of Gao between November 2013 and May 2014.

    The report documents violations committed by the Forces Armées Maliennes (FAMa) against civilians, including cases of summary and extra-judicial executions, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, cases of rape, arbitrary arrests and detentions particularly in Kidal but also in Anefis, Tarssek, Aguelhok and in the region of Gao. According to the information collected by the Human Rights Division, 150 cases of arbitrary arrests have been committed by FAMa between 1 November 2013 and 31 May 2014 among which 78 Touaregs, 31 Arabs, 16 Songhaïs, 1 French et 24 persons whose identity could not be determined.

    Besides, the report documents abuses of international human rights and international humanitarian law committed by armed groups, including cases of summary executions, torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, de facto administration of justice in the north, recruitment and association of children. The report reveals that asymmetrical (38) and terrorist attacks that targeted national and international forces including the UN personnel were committed by the Mouvement National pour la Libération de l’Azawad (MNLA), the Haut Conseil pour l’Unité de l’Azawad (HCUA), the Mouvement Arabe de l’Azawad (MAA) as well as elements of extremists groups.

    The Kidal events of 16, 17 and 21 May 2014 also resulted in serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law which will be covered by a separate report to be published soon.

    The conflict in the North has raised the issue of the impunity of the armed groups and extremist groups regarding the serious crimes committed against Malian soldiers and civilians in the 2012 conflict. In retaliation, the FAMa have also committed violations of human rights and international humanitarian law against civilians on the basis of suspicion of belonging or collaborating with the aforementioned armed groups.

    “It is necessary that both the Government and the armed groups investigate serious violations and abuses of human rights and international humanitarian law committed by their structures and their members. This is in the interest of victims’ rights and for the reconciliation and establishment of a lasting peace in Mali” declared Special Representative of the Secretary General, Mr. Mongi Hamdi.

    “The UN will continue to provide all necessary assistance to the Malian authorities to strengthen the protection and promotion of human rights. We are convinced that the finalization of the initialing and the signature of the Peace and National Reconciliation Agreement and its implementation will contribute to achieve the above objective” stressed Mr. Hamdi.

    “Amnesties must not be granted to suspected perpetrators of grave human rights violations, including sexual and gender-based violence. The parties involved in serious violations and abuses of human rights documented in this report must be held accountable for their actions” stated the High-Commissioner for human rights, Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein.

    “The authorities must conduct prompt, thorough and impartial investigations into serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in order to establish the responsibilities. This will create an environment conducive to dialogue with the prospect of a return to lasting peace. The impunity enjoyed by those perpetrators is unacceptable and must stop” added the High Commissioner.

    The report is the result of 36 field missions undertaken by MINUSMA Human Rights Officers in Kidal, Gao, Timbuktu, and Mopti during which they were able to monitor over 150 detention facilities in the 4 regions as well as in the localities of Sélengué (140km from Bamako), Dioila (200 km from Bamako) and Markala (Ségou).

    With this report, MINUSMA and OHCHR make 19 recommendations to the Government of Mali, the armed groups as well as the international community. These recommendations cover the improvement of the security situation, the full engagement in the process of peace negotiations, the fight against impunity, as well as the improvement of detention conditions and administration of justice. These recommendations aim at supporting Malian efforts for a peaceful resolution of the conflict in respect of human rights.

    END

    The full report is available on the OHCHR and MINUSMA websites at:

    http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/ML/Rapport_Mali1Nov2013_31mai20...

    http://minusma.unmissions.org

    For media enquiries please contact:

    A Bamako: Radhia Achouri, Cheffe du bureau de l’information et porte-parole de la MINUSMA (+223 94 95 00 52 ou achouri@un.org (link sends e-mail))

    A Genève: Cécile Pouilly (+41 22 917 9310 ou cpouilly@ohchr.org


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    Source: Action Contre la Faim, Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali

    Au vu des principaux résultats mentionnés les recommandations suivantes ont été formulées :

    • Continuer et renforcer les programmes de prise en charge de la malnutrition aiguë ;

    • Renforcer le dépistage actif et le référencement des cas de malnutrition au niveau des centres sante ;

    • Renforcer la sensibilisation des mères au niveau des centres de santé et dans la communauté sur la fréquentation des centres de santé ;

    • Continuer la mise en œuvre des actions de prévention (blanket feeding) dans toute dans la région afin de réduire l’incidence de la malnutrition aiguë sévère ;

    • Renforcer la qualité des prestations de services de santé au niveau des centres de santé ;

    • Maintenir Bourem et mettre Gao sur la liste des districts vulnérables et prioritaires et y prévoir des interventions communautaires ciblant à réduire l’incidence de la malnutrition aigüe ;

    • Appuyer la reconstruction et l’ouverture des centres de santé dans des zones non couvertes et dans les zones couvertes.


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    Source: British Red Cross
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria

    The British Red Cross has pledged more than half a million pounds to help people caught up in a growing and underreported crisis in Africa. Countries across the Sahel, an area stretching from Eritrea on the Red Sea to Senegal on the Atlantic coast, are experiencing acute food shortages brought on by the late onset of rains. Estimates suggest that more than 24 million people are affected. The situation is further compounded by separate conflicts in Nigeria, Central African Republic and Mali.

    Background to the crisis

    The Sahel is no stranger to crisis. The region has long experienced droughts and chronic food shortages. For many, the current situation is not out of the norm.

    However, there are pockets across Cape Verde, Mauritania, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Mali, Niger, Chad and Nigeria, where the food shortages are now acute.

    Failure to act now could further exacerbate the situation, according to Alex Carle, British Red Cross head of West and Central Africa.

    “Humanitarian organisations have been carrying out an in-depth analysis of the situation, assessing the early-warning systems and weather patterns,” said Alex.

    “We also have excellent knowledge of local markets and food prices. All signs point to an increasing number of people living in the Sahel finding it harder and harder to feed their families.

    “It is important to act now before things become even worse and people, predominantly the vulnerable such as children, start to die of malnutrition.

    “There is enough food globally – we must act now to ensure it goes to those most in need.”

    Made homeless by conflict

    The humanitarian crisis is complicated by multiple conflicts in the region.

    Hundreds of thousands have been forced from their homes. This has placed huge pressures on neighbouring countries and aid agencies.

    Cameroon is hosting about 66,000 refugees from northern Nigeria, along with approximately 245,000 refugees from the Central African Republic (CAR).

    Chad has also seen a large influx of refugees from Nigeria and CAR, while approximately 100,000 people have fled to Niger from northern Nigeria.

    More than one million people have been forced from their homes within Nigeria.

    The volatile situation in northern Mali has also left people in desperate need of aid. Around 80,000 Malians have been forced to flee their homes. A further 133,000 Malian refugees remain in Mauritania, Niger and Burkina Faso.

    “Families have had to flee their homes due to conflict and are being hosted in communities that already have insufficient resources to feed and house the local populations,” said Alex.

    “This is happening within Nigeria, but also across the borders in Niger, Cameroon and Chad. The lack of resources only escalates an already difficult situation into one which is very complex.

    “Communities are left highly vulnerable to further crises such as cholera and malaria outbreaks.”

    Red Cross pledge

    The British Red Cross has pledged £595,000 from our Disaster Fund. The money will be split between emergency relief work in Niger, Cameroon and Nigeria.

    Food, clean water, sanitation, health care and shelter are being provided to families.

    Preventing further crises, such as disease outbreaks, is a crucial part of the Red Cross response.

    The pledge will also fund training and assessment work aimed at addressing the food shortages across the Sahel.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Nigeria

    HIGHLIGHTS

    • With UNHCR's support, the National Institute for Peace and Conflict Resolution (IPCR) conducted training on Voter Education in Adamawa on 11-12 March 2015. 2700 persons from National Youth service Corp (NYSC) and St. Theresa camps were reached. The highest portion of participants were women (2000).

    • 35 protection staff from various partner organizations received training in practical protection skills and the legal framework governing internally displaced persons (IDPs). The Participants were schooled on the UNHCR mandate and its role in IDPs Protection in North East Nigeria. As one of the initial outcomes of the training, participants agreed on the initial composition and structure of the PSWG at the state level, particularly in Bauchi, Gombe and Yobe.

    • Government representatives and counter-parts have expressed the hope that the UN agencies and other humanitarian actors in the country will boost their support to the displacement crises in Nigeria. They spoke during interaction with the UN Emergency Directors Group (EDG) mission in the Adamawa HQ of Yola on Monday.

    • With more than 81 percent Permanent Voter Cards distributed and with an impending defeat for the dreaded insurgency in the North East of the country, Nigeria is gradually getting set for 28 March and 11 April general elections.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Faits saillants

    • Le gouvernement du Niger a lancé un nouveau plan d’urgenced ’environ 45 milliards de FCFA (environmillions USD)pour la réponse à la crise humanitaire à Diffa.

    • Ce plan cible 363 620 personnes pour la période allant du 15 mars au 31 décembre 2015.

    • L es autorités régionales et les acteurs humanitaires ont conduit une mission d’évaluation rapide des besoins pour mieux cerner l’impact humanitaire des attaques survenues à Bosso et à Diffa en février.
      Les vivres et l’eau potable sont les besoins humanitaires les plus pressants des ménages enquêtés .

    • Le gouvernement a annoncé le 24 février, la prorog ation de l’état d’ urgence dans la région de Diffa pour une période de trois mois .

    • Le Directeur régional de l’UNICEF et la Directrice régionale du PAM ont respectivement effectué des missions à Diffa les 6 et 11 mars 2015.

    363 620 Nombre de personnes ciblées à travers le plan de réponse révisé du Gouvernement pour Diffa (source : plan de réponse du Gouvernement mars – décembre 2015 )

    150 000 Chiffre de planification pour l’assistance aux personnes déplacées du Nigéria à Diffa (Source: plan de réponse du Gouvernement mars - décembre 2015

    50 000 Chiffre de planification pour l’assistance aux personnes déplacées internes (Source: plan de réponse du Gouvernement mars - décembre 2015

    72 millions $ (soit 4milliards FCFA) Financement requis pour la mise en œuvre du plan de réponse révisé du Gouvernement (Source: plan de réponse du Gouvernement mars - décembre 2015)


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    N'Djamena, Chad | | Friday 3/20/2015 - 19:46 GMT

    Around 100 bodies were found Friday in a mass grave on the outskirts of the town of Damasak after it was liberated from Boko Haram Islamists, a Chadian army spokesman told AFP.

    Soldiers discovered the bodies -- some decapitated -- under a bridge just outside the town, which was retaken from Boko Haram on March 9 by troops from Chad and Niger.

    "There are about 100 bodies spread around under the bridge just outside the town," said Colonel Azem Bermandoa Agouna, adding that he had visited the scene himself close to the border with Niger.

    He claimed the massacre probably happened about two months ago and said: "This is the work of Boko Haram."

    It was, however, impossible to verify the claim independently.

    Colonel Bermandoa Agouna said several of the victims had been decapitated while other had been shot. "There are heads here and bodies there, the mass grave has become like a termite mound," he added.

    Chad and Niger launched a vast air and ground offensive against Boko Haram in the area on March 8, quickly taking Damasak from the Nigerian Islamist militants.

    According to a Chadian army source, the militants suffered heavy losses in the push, with some 200 killed in fighting on Sunday for the loss of 10 Chadian soldiers with 20 wounded.

    "Operation Mai Dounama", named after a 13th-century emperor of Borno province in northern Nigeria, aims to destroy Boko Haram bases close to Niger, a Nigerien army spokesman said Thursday.

    Boko Haram took Damasak on November 24, killing around 50 people and forcing another 3,000 to flee, according to the UN's High Commissioner for Refugees.

    yas-cl/fg/gj

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Sudan

    Highlights

    • An estimated 18,300 refugees and 8,500 Chadian returnees have fled to Chad following these attacks and heavy clashes in the Nigerian town of Baga between Boko Haram and the Nigerian army.

    • Fear and attacks on Chadian soil have also left an estimated 14,500 estimated Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in Liwa, Bagassola and Bol sub-prefectures in Lake Region (OCHA Sitrep 21 February 2015).

    • 61,887 (56,628 in southern Chad and 5,259 in N’Djamena) out of the total estimated 130,000 evacuees from Central African Republic remain in official sites.

    • As of 31 January, 8.999 severely malnourished children were admitted to the 482 Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers across 11 regions of the Sahel Belt.

    • 86% of children with severe acute malnutrition admitted in Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers have been cured.

    • 12 boreholes have been constructed to provide safe drinking water covering 100% of the needs of the populations in Dar Es Salam site (Lake region)

    • UNICEF requires US$ 63.1 million to fund the expected emergency response in 2015.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    Highlights

    UNICEF continues to be engaged in providing humanitarian response in four regions of Cameroon to respond to the needs of those affected by crises in neighbouring countries (Nigeria and Central African Republic) as well as the nutritional crisis mainly in the Sahel area but also periodic epidemic outbreaks and diseases.

    Nigerian emergency response: the humanitarian situation in the Far North region of Cameroon is deteriorating due to the conflict with Boko Haram which results in internal displacements of persons (IDP) and regular influx of Nigerian refugees (respectively 80.000 and 66.000). The Government of Cameroun and the humanitarian community are actively engaged in responding to the increasing humanitarian needs including access to safe water, Education and Child protection.

    Central African Republic (CAR) emergency response: Cameroon continues to host more than 216,000 refugees in the East and Adamawa regions. Despite the stabilization of the influx from CAR, both the Government of Cameroun and its partners are still highly mobilized to provide lifesaving assistance to refugees and host populations.

    Sahel nutrition response: results of the 2014 nationwide survey using SMART methods indicate that Far North, North and Adamawa have a global acute malnutrition prevalence (GAM) of 9.0%, 6.7% and 5.2% respectively. The Far North region has a prevalence of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) at the emergency threshold of 2.0%. In 2015, 1,289 children with SAM have been admitted in therapeutic care. Nutrition response is channeled through 704 nutrition centers.

    Cholera and Ebola preparedness: UNICEF and partners continue to support the Government and the population of Cameroun though preparedness and prevention activities. No cholera cases have been reported in Cameroon during the reported period but 564 cases and 47 deaths of cholera have already been reported in Nigeria, in neighboring states (Kaduna and Kano) with Cameroon.

    Challenges: the deterioration of the security in the Far North region significantly restrains the capacity to assist IDPs


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | | Saturday 3/21/2015 - 15:39 GMT

    Chadian troops on Saturday returned to the northeast Nigerian border town of Gamboru, locals said, after Boko Haram took advantage of a lack of military presence to kill 11 people.

    "Hundreds of Chadian troops moved into Gamboru this morning from Fotokol," said Babagana Karimbe, who lives in the town in northern Cameroon which is separated from Gamboru by a bridge.

    Troops from Chad were credited last month with liberating Gamboru in Borno state from Boko Haram control but the Chadians' withdrawal from Nigeria last week appeared to have left the town exposed.

    The Islamists returned on Wednesday, killing eight people, while three more were killed on Thursday.

    Karimbe told AFP that the deployment began at about 7:20 am (0620 GMT) and involved dozens of vehicles, including tanks.‎

    "They are now in Gamboru. It is clear Boko Haram gunmen had fled before the troops deployed because we have not heard a single shot since the Chadian soldiers moved in," he added.

    "Our prayer is for the troops to remain in Gamboru because if they withdraw again Boko Haram will definitely return and continue killing people."

    The lack of security presence exposed an apparent lack of coordination between the allies, whose sustained offensive has led to the recapture of dozens of towns in northeast Nigeria.

    Chadian troops had pushed into Nigerian territory after freeing Gamboru, going on to retake the Borno town of Dikwa, near Boko Haram's Sambisa Forest stronghold.

    Fotokol resident Umar Ari said by telephone that Gamboru residents welcomed the soldiers with clapping and cheering, supporting Karimbe's account that no shots were fired.

    "From Gardumba neighbourhood (on the outskirts of Fotokol) we can see the Chadian soldiers moving around Gamboru but we have not seen any Boko Haram gunmen," he added.

    "We catch glimpses of Boko Haram ‎gunmen whenever they are in Gamboru. On Wednesday we saw them riding around Gamboru on motorcycles brandishing guns".

    The regional offensive involving Nigerian troops, Chad, Cameroon and Niger was cited as a reason for postponing the Nigerian general election, which was initially scheduled for February 14.

    It will now take place on March 28, with President Goodluck Jonathan hoping to capitalise on the reversal of the insurgents' military fortunes in his quest for re-election.

    abu-phz/fg

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: African Union
    Country: Nigeria

    Addis Ababa, 21 March 2015: Following an invitation from the Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in Nigeria, the Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Dr. Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, approved the deployment of an African Union Election Observation Mission (AUEOM) to the general elections in Nigeria, which were originally scheduled for 14 April 2015 but later postponed to 28 March 2015.

    The African Union launched its election observation mission in Nigeria on 2 February 2015 with the deployment of 14 Long-Term Observers (LTOs) drawn from 14 African countries. The LTOs were later withdrawn on 23 February following the postponement of the elections. They were again redeployed on 14 March and will remain in the country until 16 April to follow the presidential and state elections scheduled for 28 March and 11 April, respectively.

    The LTOs will be joined by 70 Short-Term Observers on 21-22 March drawn from various African countries and the Pan-African Parliament to complement the work of the LTOs on Election Day.

    The AU Mission to Nigeria is led by H.E. Amos Sawyer, former Interim President of the Republic of Liberia and assisted by H.E. Mr. Ibrahima Fall, former UN Under Secretary-General for Political Affairs and former Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Senegal. The Mission's mandate is derived from the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance; the 2002 AU/OAU Declaration on Principles Governing Democratic Elections in Africa; and the 2002 AU Guidelines for Elections Observation and Monitoring Missions.

    The assessment and observations of the Mission will be guided by the principles and guidelines stated in these instruments, and other relevant international instruments guiding international election observation and the legal framework for elections in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

    The Mission will issue a statement of its preliminary assessment of the elections on 29 March 2015 at a press conference in Abuja. For more information, please contact the Mission Coordinators, Mr. Samuel Atuobi at: atuobis@africa-union.org or Tel: +2348092974586 or Mr. Idrissa Kamara, Email: Kamarai@africa-union.org; Tel: + 234 8092949266.


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    Source: Government of Finland
    Country: Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Finland, Gambia, Guinea, Iraq, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Press Release 83/2015 16 March 2015

    Finland will donate EUR 46.4 million in humanitarian aid to the world’s worst crisis areas. The aid, granted by a decision of Minister for International Development Sirpa Paatero on 13 March, will be directed to acute emergency situations in Syria and neighbouring areas, South Sudan, the Central African Republic and Ukraine. Efforts will also be made to alleviate human suffering in countries where protracted crisis situations exist, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, Afghanistan and Yemen. Finland’s aid will be given via UN agencies and Finnish organisations.

    “Humanitarian needs are at a record high, and humanitarian aid workers have to work under pressure in the most demanding conditions. Finland considers it important to respond to acute and protracted needs in terms of human protection, health, education and food. Humanitarian aid organisations provide assistance efficiently during conflicts even in the most difficult circumstances, such as in Syria, South Sudan, Iraq and the Central African Republic,” says Minister Paatero.

    Most aid, EUR 10 million via various organisations, will be given to Syria and its neighbouring countries affected by the refugee crisis. In Syria, more than 12 million people are in need of emergency assistance, and more than 3.7 million Syrians have fled to neighbouring countries.

    The serious humanitarian crisis caused by conflict in South Sudan continues. Eruptions of violence and lack of food have forced nearly two million people to move within the country or leave as refugees to neighbouring countries Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Finland’s aid, amounting to EUR 6.4 million, will be used to supply food, health services and protection for those in extreme need.

    In Yemen, the unstable security situation and political disorder have increased the need for humanitarian aid. More than half of the population, i.e. nearly 16 million people, are in need of humanitarian aid. More than 10 million of them are suffering food shortages. Finland’s aid, amounting to EUR 3 million, will be used to provide health services and supply food to those in need.

    The aid provided by Finland is largely based on the UN’s Central Emergency Response Fund, which this year amounts to EUR 14.6 billion. The Central Emergency Response Fund applies to 12 countries, but including the regional impacts of crises it covers up to 22 countries. The crisis in Syrian accounts for almost half of the sum. The response fund for the Sahel region is EUR 1.8 billion, covering nine countries. Throughout the world, nearly 80 million people are currently in need of humanitarian aid. Aid will be granted from Finland’s development cooperation humanitarian aid appropriations.

    In terms of Finnish organisations, aid will be provided via the Finnish Red Cross, Finn Church Aid, Fida International, World Vision Finland and Save the Children. In addition to bilateral activity, the Finnish Red Cross channels aid to the International Committee of the Red Cross ICRC and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies IFRC.

    Inquiries: Juha Peltonen, Press Attaché to Minister Paatero, tel. +358 50 554 6426, and Anna Gebremedhin, Head of Unit for Humanitarian Assistance, tel. +358 40 583 0149, firstname.lastname@formin.fi

    Humanitarian aid grant, spring 2015

    For country- and region-specific operations, a total of EUR 46.4 million, of which EUR 26.3 million to Africa, EUR 15.8 million to the Middle East, EUR 3.3 million to Asia and EUR 1 million to Europe. Middle East, total EUR 15.8 million Syria crisis EUR 10 million: UNHCR EUR 3 million, regional

    WFP EUR 1 million

    UNICEF EUR 1 million

    WHO EUR 1 million

    SPR/ICRC EUR 2 million

    SPR EUR 1 million, Jordan

    Finn Church Aid EUR 500,000, Jordan

    Save the Children EUR 500,000, Iraq

    Yemen EUR 3 million

    WFP EUR 2 million

    WHO EUR 1 million

    Iraq EUR 1.8 million

    UNICEF EUR 1 million

    SPR/ICRC EUR 800,000

    Palestinian Territories EUR 1 million, UNRWA

    West Africa, total EUR 3.75 million Sahel EUR 2 million (Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania, Nigeria, Chad, Cameroon, Senegal, Gambia)

    FAO EUR 1 million

    WFP EUR 1 million

    Chad EUR 400,000 SPR/IFRC

    Ebola EUR 1.35 million

    SPR/IFRC EUR 1 million (aid granted 26 January 2015), Sierra Leone, Liberia and Guinea

    Finn Church Aid EUR 350,000, Sierra Leone and Liberia

    Horn of Africa, total of EUR 7.15 million Somalia EUR 4.65 million

    WFP EUR 2 million

    SPR/ICRC EUR 1.5 million

    Finn Church Aid EUR 650,000

    Save the Children EUR 500,000

    Kenya EUR 1.5 million

    UNHCR EUR 1 million

    World Vision Finland EUR 500,000

    Ethiopia EUR 1 million, UNHCR

    Sudan and South Sudan, total EUR 8.4 million Sudan EUR 2 million, UNICEF

    South Sudan EUR 6.4 million

    UNHCR EUR 2 million regional

    WFP EUR 2 million

    SPR/ICRC EUR 2 million

    Finn Church Aid EUR 400,000

    Central Africa and Great Lakes, DRC, total EUR 7 million Uganda EUR 1.2 million

    World Vision Finland EUR 500,000

    KUA EUR 400,000

    FIDA EUR 300,000

    Central African Republic EUR 3.1 million

    UNHCR EUR 1 million (regional)

    WFP EUR 1 million

    Finn Church Aid EUR 700,000

    SPR/ICRC EUR 400,000

    Democratic Republic of Congo EUR 2.7 million

    SPR/ICRC EUR 1.5 million

    FIDA EUR 700,000

    Finn Church Aid EUR 500,000

    Asia, total EUR 3.3 million South Asia (Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran) EUR 1.5 million, UNHCR

    Afghanistan EUR 800,000, SPR/ICRC

    Myanmar EUR 1 million

    Finn Church Aid EUR 500,000

    SPR/ICRC EUR 500,000

    Europe, total EUR 1 million Ukraine EUR 1 million

    UNHCR EUR 500,000

    WHO EUR 500,000

    WFP World Food Programme

    UNHCR United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

    WHO World Health Organisation

    UNRWA United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East

    UNICEF United Nations’ Children's Rights & Emergency Relief Organisation

    FAO United Nations’ Food and Agriculture Organisation

    ICRC International Committee of the Red Cross

    IFRC International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

    SPR Finnish Red Cross


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    Source: Government of the Republic of Mali
    Country: Mali

    RESUME

    Dans le cadre de la surveillance nutritionnelle, l’ONG IEDA Rélief a réalisé avec l’appui financier de l’UNICEF l’enquête nutritionnelle et de mortalité rétrospective basé sur la méthodologie SMART dans la région de Kidal pendant la période de novembre à décembre 2014. Compte tenu de la période de réalisation de cette enquête (post-soudure), la comparaison des résultats à ceux de l’enquête antérieure (SMART-2011 réalisées dans la ville de Kidal pendant la période de soudure), a été faite pour apprécier l’évolution des indicateurs dans le temps. Elle ne traduit pas une réelle amélioration ou dégradation de la situation nutritionnelle dans les zones enquêtées.

    L’enquête était transversale de type descriptif avec un échantillonnage aléatoire stratifié et tiré à deux degrés. Elle portait sur toute l’étendue de la région de Kidal. L’étude était basée sur cinq (5) composantes : l’anthropométrie (chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans), la mortalité rétrospective, la couverture vaccinale contre la rougeole pour les enfants de 9 à 59 mois, la Supplémentation en vitamine A (enfant de 6 à 59 mois) et du Déparasitage des enfants de 12 à 59 mois.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Bamako, Mali | | dimanche 22/03/2015 - 18:34 GMT

    Al-Qaïda au Maghreb islamique (Aqmi) a tué par balle puis décapité jeudi un civil malien qu'elle accusait de travailler pour les forces françaises au Mali, a-t-on appris dimanche auprès de sources sécuritaires.

    "Un civil malien accusé de collaborer avec les forces françaises de l'opération Barkhane (anti-jihadiste) a été tué par balle et décapité par Aqmi cette semaine", a déclaré à l'AFP une source militaire africaine au sein de la Minusma, la force de l'ONU au Mali.

    Les faits se sont produits "en public lors de la foire de la localité de Tichift au nord de Tombouctou", une des principales villes du nord du Mali, a indiqué la même source.

    "A Tichift, situé à 120 km au nord de Tombouctou, le 19 mars, les combattants d'Aqmi ont fait venir en plein marché un homme, Mohamed Mahmoud Ag Oumar. Il était accusé de travailler pour les forces françaises. Il a été exécuté et décapité", a affirmé à l'AFP une source sécuritaire régionale.

    Elle a ajouté que les combattants d'Aqmi ont, sur les mêmes lieux, distribué un communiqué pour "mettre en garde" les autres "informateurs" des forces françaises.

    Dans ce communiqué, l'organisation jihadiste menace d'"appliquer le même (traitement) à tous les autres traîtres qui travaillent contre l'islam pour le compte des forces étrangères dans le (...) nord du Mali", a dit la même source, rapportant à l'AFP des extraits du texte.

    Aqmi a déjà exécuté dans cette zone des hommes travaillant, selon elles, pour les forces françaises et leurs alliés.

    Le nord du Mali est tombé au printemps 2012 sous la coupe de groupes jihadistes liés à Al-Qaïda, dont Aqmi. Ils ont été en grande partie chassés par l'opération Serval, lancée à l'initiative de la France en janvier 2013, à laquelle a succédé en août 2014 l'opération Barkhane, dont le rayon d'action s'étend à l'ensemble de la zone sahélo-saharienne.

    Mais des zones entières du nord du Mali échappent encore au contrôle du pouvoir central.

    sd/mrb/dom


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    Source: Food Security Cluster
    Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Iraq, Liberia, Mali, Myanmar, Niger, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    As of March 2015, country-level Food Security Clusters/Sectors are on average only 20% funded 20% while coordination remains critical.


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    Source: Inter Press Service
    Country: Nigeria

    By Clinton Ikechukwu Ezeigwe

    Clinton Ikechukwu Ezeigwe is Director of Operations at Christian Fellowship & Care Foundation

    OWERRI, Nigeria, Mar 22 2015 (IPS) - In Nigeria, it’s all about the numbers. My nation recently became the largest economy in Africa by some distance, with a GDP of well over 500 billion dollars.

    At the same time, 63.2 million people don’t have access to safe water, and over 112 million people – two thirds of the population – don’t have access to adequate sanitation. This figure has risen since 1990.

    The ongoing conflict with Boko Haram militants in the north of the country killed well over 6,000 civilians in 2014. An extremely serious figure for sure, but by way of some perspective, every year, 97,000 children die in the country as a whole from diarrhoea caused by unsafe water and poor sanitation. It really drives home the reality of a simpler crisis on our doorstep.

    There is both a North-South and rural-urban divide in this respect, and in the wider issue of reducing the serious poverty gap. Poverty in rural areas (44.9 per cent) is far greater than in urban areas (12.6 per cent) and the methods of poverty reduction in the cities are much more established, and therefore stronger.

    It’s clear that water and sanitation problems are symptoms of wider issues that are at stake for a secure, healthy future of Nigeria. Getting much greater access to water and sanitation in underserved areas is only the first step – it’s got to be of acceptable quality and affordable for citizens.

    All this requires serious civic engagement. My organisation is a vocal advocate for marginalised groups – and is gaining some ground. But it has not been easy.

    Our previous campaigning work in Imo State – an area with one of the biggest water and sanitation crises in Nigeria – has been met with minimal success. In recent times the state wanted to deliver the water services through a private and public partnership, which did not materialise. This meant access to water and sanitation remained poor in both rural and urban areas.

    In the last week, we finally made a breakthrough; succeeding in securing a political advocacy with our governor in Imo State and the Commissioner for Public Utilities and Rural Development, in charge of water in the state.

    We intend to bolster this advocacy work by taking to the streets in the World Walks for Water and Sanitation. It’s the ideal opportunity to keep the pressure on, and 2,000 people are marching in our area calling on leaders to keep their promises. Indeed, plenty of them have been made.

    Nigerian officials attended the Sanitation and Water for All High Level Meeting in Washington DC in April last year, making a promise to bring safe water, basic toilets and hygiene in the next 11 years.

    As the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) come to an end, to be replaced by the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), it’s a pivotal time to make these vows credible.

    At the national level, there needs to be a dedicated budget for tackling the water and sanitation crisis in the country.

    We also call for improved accountability, and an acceptance of the Human Right to Water and Sanitation at the heart of efforts to reduce inequalities and bring acceptable, hygienic and appropriate facilities to all. Special considerations need to be given to rural and isolated populations.

    Our leaders have come to understand the importance of the wider importance of water and sanitation – increased access to education, job opportunities and a chance for many to break the poverty cycle to name but a few – and this no doubt represents progress. There are signs of practical action, too.

    Earlier this month, the Federal Government’s Minister of Niger Delta Affairs Ministry, Dr Steve Oru, made commitments to bring water supply to some communities in Imo State and others in the Niger Delta – acknowledging problems accessing these basic needs as a “tragedy.”

    That it certainly is – but while these latest moves are promising, it has to be just the start of a deeper commitment to this human right being realised.

    It’s certainly not the time for short-term ‘solutions’ that cover up the true nature of the problem. In another interesting statistic, 48 per cent of households across the whole of the country are dependent on sachet water, according to a very recent survey. Clearly, there’s a long way to go.

    Nigeria may be the 26th largest economy in the world – but national economic health needs to lead to a healthy state. Tackling the chronic shortfall in water and sanitation facilities would go a long way to ensuring the basic rights and needs of Nigerian people are addressed.

    Edited by Kitty Stapp


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | | Monday 3/23/2015 - 15:38 GMT |

    Boko Haram appears to have been weakened by a sustained regional fight-back but there are growing fears the group could target vulnerable people displaced by the violence, as elections approach.

    More than 13,000 people have been killed in the bloody six-year insurgency, with some 1.5 million more forced to flee their homes within Nigeria and abroad.

    Security analysts have warned that with the Islamists hit hard by the coalition of Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad, the group will revert to guerrilla tactics of bombings and suicide attacks.

    There has already been a spate of suicide bombings against "soft" targets such as markets and bus stations since the turn of the year.

    Now, it is feared that internally displaced people (IDP) could be next, after Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau vowed to disrupt this Saturday's elections, which the group views as "un-Islamic".

    "Boko Haram are very likely to hit back in a way that will hurt Nigeria and IDP camps are possible targets," Abdullahi Bawe Wase, a security analyst who tracks the conflict, told AFP.

    • Explosives found -

    Scores of IDP camps dot Maiduguri following a huge influx of people fleeing towns and villages seized by Boko Haram, doubling the population of the Borno state capital to at least two million.

    Last Monday, the head of Nigeria's electoral commission INEC, Attahiru Jega, said 20 percent of the estimated one million IDPs were in camps and arrangements had been made for them to vote.

    "We have found stable places in most cases outside the camps, except in Maiduguri, where in a few places we have placed (polling stations) inside the camps for security reasons," he said.

    Yet even here safety is an issue, with the discovery on March 14 of three explosive devices at the Yerwa Primary School camp.

    A fourth explosive device has yet to be located, as the suspects forgot where it was planted, said Ari Butari, a local civilian vigilante involved in camp security.

    Eight people were arrested and two allegedly confessed to planting the devices. They were living among the IDPs, many of whom fled from the state's second largest city, Bama, last September.

    "We are really apprehensive about our security since the discovery of the explosives," said Babakura Kyarimi, who lives in the camp.

    "It is a clear indication that there are Boko Haram elements in our midst, which is of serious concern to us and the authorities."

    The discovery backs up previous claims about the danger of Boko Haram infiltrating the camps, including from the Roman Catholic Diocese of Maiduguri last August.

    In January, troops detained as a precaution thousands of people who left the garrison town of Monguno on the outskirts of Maiduguri to establish whether rebel fighters were among them.

    The Kano state government also shut a camp it had opened for people displaced from the town of Mubi in Adamawa, after a Boko Haram insurgent was uncovered.

    Political motives for the discovery of explosives in the IDP camps cannot be ruled out, with Nigeria's northeast an opposition stronghold.

    "One cannot dismiss the political element in the Boko Haram insurgency and the planting of bombs in an IDP camp could be a ploy by politicians averse to holding elections in camps because it doesn't favour their political interest," said Wase.

    "It could be intended to instil fear in IDPs ahead of the elections to leave the camps, now that it's clear elections are to be held in camps."

    • No return -

    Debate about whether IDPs should vote in camps or return to their home towns and villages has been a major point of political debate between Nigeria's two main political parties.

    But with infrastructure non-existent and communities devastated by the violence, the Borno Elders Forum of retired senior civilian and military officials has warned against any premature return.

    Last week, scores of Boko Haram killed 11 people in the Borno town of Gamboru after Chadian troops withdrew, in a clear sign that the militants still have the capacity to attack.

    "We think it is too early to even start talking about anyone going back to any of these reclaimed territories," the body's chairman, Usman Gaji Galtimari, said in a statement last week.

    "I think it will be irresponsible on our part as a government to hurry our citizens back to liberated communities now mainly to go and vote," added Borno state governor Kashim Shettima.

    "We all know that these liberated communities are still not fully safe and habitable."

    abu/phz/bs/jm

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Nigeria

    Avant propos

    Les articles sélectionnés dans cette revue de presse ont pour but d’informer sur la situation humanitaire au Tchad ou sur le contexte général. Cette sélection d'articles ne reflète pas nécessairement la position d’OCHA-Tchad. Merci de tenir compte de cette réserve.

    LES TITRES

    • Tchad : Vérification et Biométrie - Pour une gestion plus efficace des bases des données sur les réfugiés (HCR, 13/03/15)
    • Le Tchad se mobilise contre le mariage des mineurs (French.China.Org.cn, 15/03/15)
    • Views from the field: Life for Nigeria's refugees in Chad (WFP, 06/03/15)
    • Forced to flee Nigeria, young refugee couple celebrate their reunion in Chad (UNHCR, 16/03/15)
    • Thousands of Nigerian refugees seek safety in Chad as a result of attacks by Boko Haram (MSF, 18/03/15)
    • Tchad : 52 condamnations après les manifestations, 11 policiers arrêtés (Alwihda Info, 16/03/15)
    • Une Tchadienne, première lauréate de la bourse d’études du Fonds du réseau des femmes de la BAD (BAD, 09/03/15)

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    Source: US Institute of Peace
    Country: Central African Republic, Mali, World

    New U.N. operations in the Sahel present unprecedented challenges for U.N. peacekeeping. They involve the United Nations directly in the struggle against transnational Islamist terrorism, weapons proliferation, and illicit trafficking by international organized crime. The United Nations must operate in countries with harsh terrain, vast expanses, poor communications, and porous borders. In response, the Security Council adopted more robust mandates based on the peace enforcement provisions of the U.N. Charter. In Mali, the United Nations joined the African Union, the European Union, and France, whose forces conduct combat operations, while the United Nations used helicopter gunships and armed police units to protect civilians. In the Central African Republic, U.N. Police are authorized to control violence and arrest offenders. For the United States, there is new interest in U.N. peacekeeping and its importance to U.S. national security interests.

    Summary

    • In the Middle East and North Africa, the international community is confronted by a region in turmoil from conflicts driven by religious extremism, weapons proliferation, and organized crime. The implications of this development for U.N. efforts to reestablish sustainable security through peacekeeping have been profound. The response to this challenge has been a new generation of U.N. operations authorized under the peace enforcement provisions of the U.N. Charter.

    • In Mali, the Central African Republic, and other African countries, the United Nations has worked with the African Union, European Union, and France to combat terrorists and insurgent forces, to protect civilians, and extend the authority of national governments. U.N. military forces have more aggressive mandates and are equipped with drones and helicopter gunships. U.N. Police have new authorities to restore public order and establish the rule of law.

    • The U.N. involvement in the struggle against transnational terrorism and crime has enhanced the importance of U.N. peace operations, but it has revealed shortcomings in U.N. capabilities and created controversy among member states over the use of force in U.N. missions and U.N. involvement in the affairs of member states.

    • U.N. engagement in this critical region has also caused the U.S. government to reevaluate the importance of U.N. peacekeeping to U.S. foreign policy and national security interests. The United States has launched new programs to assist regional governments and to train African peacekeepers for current and future operations.

    About the Report

    The report is based on a 2014 course presented at the U.S. Institute of Peace (USIP) Academy for International Conflict Management and Peacebuilding on U.N. peace operations in the Sahel. The course was cofacilitated by the author and representatives from the U.N. Department of Peacekeeping Operations. The report also draws from interviews conducted by the author at U.N. headquarters and with senior U.N. officials in Washington and Africa. It looks at the growing relevance to U.S. foreign policy and national security interests of U.N. peacekeeping in areas threatened by transnational terrorism and organized crime and calls for increased U.S. engagement and support. USIP research assistants Elizabeth Teoman, Eva Maria Smith, Emily Mella, and Kelly McKone contributed to the report.

    About the Author

    Robert M. Perito is the executive director of the Perito Group, which advises governments on security sector reform, and an adviser to the U.N. Police Division on doctrine development. Formerly, he was the director of the Center of Innovation for Security Sector Governance at USIP and led the U.S. Justice Department’s international police assistance program. Perito was a U.S. foreign service officer with the State Department and served in the White House as deputy executive secretary of the National Security Staff. He was a visiting lecturer at Princeton University, diplomat in residence at the American University, and an adjunct professor at George Mason University. He is the author of Where is the Lone Ranger? America’s Search for a Stability Force, The American Experience with Police in Peace Operations, and coauthor of The Police in War: Fighting Insurgency, Terrorism, and Violent Crime.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali

    Summary

    A livelihood zone is an area within which people share broadly the same pattern of livelihood, including options for obtaining food and income and market opportunities. A livelihood zoning is essential for the following reasons:

    • It provides geographic orientation of livelihood systems to inform food security analysis and assistance targeting
    • It provides the basis for identifying geographically relevant food security monitoring indicators
    • It provides a sampling frame for future on-the-ground assessments

    Livelihood patterns clearly vary from one geographic area to another, which is why the preparation of a Livelihood Zone Map is a logical first step for livelihoods-based analysis.

    This livelihood zone map is an update of the 2010 livelihood zone map based on an expert judgment and secondary-data-driven workshop in October 2013 and a field-based verficiation in December 2014


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