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    Source: UN Human Rights Council
    Country: Mali

    Human Rights Council

    Twenty-eighth session

    Agenda item 10

    Technical assistance and capacity-building

    Summary

    In this report, which covers the period from 1 May to 29 December 2014, the Independent Expert gives an account of his third visit to Mali, from 7 to 17 October 2014.
    He notes with concern that the progress observed during his second mission, in February 2014, in terms of strengthening State authority, deploying the administration in the north of the country and combating impunity has been called into question following the fighting that broke out in Kidal from 16 to 21 May 2014. These events which rekindled the power struggle between the Government and rebel groups have had major political, security and humanitarian repercussions in the country as well as serious consequences for the human rights situation there.

    Armed movements, including terrorist groups, are gradually regaining control of the north of the country and, for the first time, members of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) are being targeted by the jihadi groups. This extremely worrying situation is keeping humanitarian actors away from people living in northern Mali who are thus deprived of access to basic social services.

    The Independent Expert notes the contrast, since his last report, between the marked decrease in cases of violations of the right to life attributable to the Malian armed forces and the significant increase in violations of human rights and of international humanitarian law by the different armed groups in northern Mali. The rape of minors by certain members of the Malian armed forces is the main source of concern.

    Armed and extremist groups present in the north of Mali continue to be involved in violations of human rights: violations of the right to life, abductions, cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, unlawful detention, the recruitment and use of children by armed groups, asymmetrical attacks and looting.

    The fragile security situation in northern Mali is pushing many groups, formed most often on the basis of their identity, to acquire weapons to defend their communities. Against a background of intercommunal and intracommunal tensions, sometimes manipulated by political and security actors, the risk of serious human rights violations among the civilian population is especially worrying.
    The Independent Expert notes the Government’s efforts to reform the National Human Rights Commission so as to bring it into line with international standards as well as its efforts to establish mobile counselling centres to expedite judicial proceedings for crimes committed in the north of the country.

    Regarding the peace process in Algiers, the Independent Expert emphasizes the importance of ensuring that any peace agreement comes under a legal framework in keeping with international human rights instruments, which means not granting amnesty to the perpetrators of international crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and serious human rights violations, including sexual and gender-based violence. The Independent Expert stresses the fact that political arrangements often made to the detriment of victims of the serious human rights violations committed in Mali since the start of the crisis should not be a substitute for the rule of law.


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    Source: UN Human Rights Council
    Country: Mali

    Conseil des droits de l’homme

    Vingt-huitième session

    Point 10 de l’ordre du jour

    Assistance technique et renforcement des capacités

    Résumé

    Dans le présent rapport, qui couvre la période du 1er mai au 29 décembre 2014, l’Expert indépendant rend compte de sa troisième visite au Mali du 7 au 17 octobre 2014. Il note avec préoccupation que les progrès observés au cours de sa deuxième mission, en février 2014, dans le domaine du renforcement de l’autorité de l’État, du déploiement de l’administration dans le nord du pays et de la lutte contre l’impunité ont été remis en question suite aux affrontements survenus à Kidal entre le 16 et le 21 mai 2014. Ces événements, générateurs de nouveaux rapports de force entre le Gouvernement et les groupes rebelles, ont eu un impact majeur aux plans politique, sécuritaire et humanitaire dans le pays ainsi que des conséquences graves sur la situation des droits de l’homme.
    Les mouvements armés, y compris les groupes terroristes, reprennent progressivement le control du nord du pays et, pour la première fois, les contingents de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation au Mali sont pris pour cible par les groupes jihajistes. Cette situation extrêmement préoccupante éloigne les acteurs humanitaires des populations du nord qui sont ainsi privées de l’accès aux services sociaux de base.

    L’Expert indépendant note le contraste, depuis son dernier rapport, entre une diminution sensible des cas d’atteintes au droit à la vie, imputables aux forces armées maliennes, et l’augmentation significative des violations des droits de l’homme et du droit international humanitaire commises par les différents groupes armés dans le nord du pays.
    Le viol de mineures par certains membres des forces armées maliennes constitue la principale source de préoccupation.

    Les groupes armés et extrémistes présents dans le nord du Mali continuent d’être impliqués dans les violations des droits de l’homme: atteintes au droit à la vie, enlèvements, traitements cruels, inhumains ou dégradants, détentions illégales, utilisation et enrôlement d’enfants dans les groupes armés, attaques asymétriques et pillages.

    La fragilité de la situation sécuritaire dans le nord pousse de nombreux groupes, constitués le plus souvent sur une base identitaire, à acquérir des armes pour assurer la défense de leurs communautés. Dans un contexte marqué par des tensions inter et intracommunautaires, qui sont parfois instrumentalisées par les acteurs politiques et sécuritaires, le risque de violation grave des droits de l’homme sur la population civile est particulièrement préoccupant.

    L’Expert indépendant note les efforts du Gouvernement visant à réformer la Commission nationale des droits de l’homme afin de la rendre conforme aux standards internationaux et les efforts visant à mettre en place des cellules d’écoute juridique en vue d’accélérer la procédure judiciaire concernant les crimes commis dans le nord du pays.

    En ce qui concerne le processus de paix d’Alger, l’Expert indépendant souligne l’importance d’inscrire tout accord de paix dans un cadre normatif qui soit conforme aux instruments internationaux des droits de l’homme, ce qui implique l’absence d’amnistie pour les auteurs de crimes internationaux tels que crimes de génocide, crimes contre l’humanité, crimes de guerre et violations graves des droits de l’homme, y compris violences sexuelles et violences basées sur le genre. L’Expert indépendant souligne que la primauté du droit ne doit pas être remplacée par des arrangements politiques qui se font le plus souvent au détriment des victimes des violations graves des droits de l’homme survenues au Mali depuis le début de la crise.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Guinea, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    Cote D’Ivoire
    IDPs Begin to Return Home
    Displaced populations in the country’s western Olodio locality and other areas are gradually returning to their villages despite lingering insecurity. Some 3,000 people fled their homes following armed attacks on Dahioké, Grabo and Irato areas in January. Humanitarian actors are assessing the possibility of food distributions in communities of return.

    Burkina Faso
    400 Flee Mali Clashes
    Recent clashes between a self-defence group and separatist National Movement for the Liberation of Azawad (MNLA) fighters in northern Mali have driven more than 400 people to neighbouring Burkina Faso. The majority of the displaced originate from Intillit, Tessit and Boulkessi areas of northern Mali that have suffered armed attacks. The refugees have settled in Mentao and Goudébou camps. Burkina Faso hosts some 33,000 Malian refugees.

    Niger
    15-day State Of Emergency Imposed On Diffa
    The Nigerien government has imposed a two-week state of emergency in Diffa in the wake of attacks by Boko Haram. The emergency status allows troops to conduct house searches without a warrant and to impose curfews. According to local authorities the attacks that erupted on 6 February have forced thousands of people to flee to other towns. However, the exact number of the displaced is still unknown.

    Nigeria2 Towns Hit By Boko Haram Twenty-one people were killed when Boko Haram raided two villages in Borno State on 12 February. The insurgents also attacked a military and a police post in Gombe, the capital of Gombe State on 14 February, prompting authorities to impose a brief curfew. The militants had reportedly distributed leaflets calling on residents to boycott the upcoming general elections. The following day, a separate attack occurred in Damaturu, the Yobe State capital, where a female suicide bomber killed seven people and injured 32 others.

    Regional / Ebola Virus Disease (evd)
    22,859 Cases And 9,162 Deaths / Cases Rise For The Second Week
    As of 8 February, there were 22,859 confirmed, probable and suspected EVD cases in the three high transmission countries of Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. Confirmed Ebola cases rose for the second straight week, with 144 new cases reported in the week leading up to 8 February, 20 cases more than the week before. Guinea has reported the largest increase in caseload, with 65 more cases in the week of 8 February.

    Sahel
    Usd$1.96 Billion Regional Appeal Launched
    The Sahel humanitarian appeal for 2015 was launched on 16 February in Dakar. The USD$1.96 billion appeal is to assist millions of people affected by food insecurity, conflict and other crises in Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Gambia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Senegal. Over 20 million people in the region are facing food shortages and 2.8 million have been displaced from their homes by violence.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey - Le PAM a recommencé à fournir une assistance alimentaire aux réfugiés et aux personnes déplacées dans la région de Diffa au Niger, près de la frontière du Nigéria. Les distributions de nourriture avaient été suspendues temporairement, pour des raisons de sécurité.

    A la suite de plusieurs attaques de militants Nigérians au début du mois de février, des milliers de réfugiés et de communautés hôtes ont été forcés de fuir pour survivre, et ont été privés de toute assistance.

    Le PAM et ses partenaires prévoient de distribuer aujourd’hui des vivres à plus de 3.000 personnes. Les distributions avaient déjà repris le 19 février dans les villages de Chetimari et de Gagamari, où près de 6.500 personnes ont reçu des rations mensuelles, et où des suppléments nutritionnels ont été fournis aux enfants, et aux femmes enceintes et allaitantes.

    « Les besoins alimentaires de base de ces communautés, souvent bloquées dans des zones difficiles d’accès, sont considérables. Dès que le gouvernement Nigérien déclare une zone comme accessible sans danger, le PAM et ses partenaires interviennent en fournissant de la nourriture aux réfugiés et aux habitants déplacés par le conflit. Nous avons déjà stocké des vivres dans la région, ce qui nous permet de réagir rapidement pour fournir une assistance vitale aux populations. Même après les récentes attaques, le PAM a effectué une distribution de vivres dans le camp de réfugiés de Saya Forage, le 12 février, juste avant d’être obligé de suspendre temporairement son assistance. » explique Benoit Thiry, Directeur du PAM au Niger.

    Le PAM soutient le gouvernement du Niger et ses partenaires ONG dans la réalisation d’évaluations visant à déterminer les besoins des populations affectées.

    « Nous savons maintenant mieux où les populations ont fui après les récentes attaques, et, dans la mesure où la sécurité le permet, nous essayons d’atteindre tout le monde. Le PAM et ses partenaires sillonnent donc la région pour atteindre les populations dispersées dans les zones isolées », explique Benoit Thiry.

    D’ici à la fin du mois de février, le PAM prévoit de fournir une assistance alimentaire à 37.000 personnes récemment déplacées.

    Le PAM est particulièrement inquiet du mauvais état nutritionnel des enfants et des femmes, et a réapprovisionné les centre nutritionnels opérationnels en produits de nutrition de base.

    Une évaluation de vulnérabilité effectuée par le PAM en 2014 avait montré que l’état nutritionnel des enfants au Niger était déjà extrêmement inquiétant, avec un taux de malnutrition aigüe globale de 23.5%, et donc supérieur au seuil d’urgence de 15%.

    Plus de 100.000 personnes ont fui les violences au Nigéria ces derniers mois, et ont trouvé refuge au Niger voisin. La plupart des déplacés sont des femmes et des enfants. Les réfugiés, les déplacés internes, et les communautés hôtes vulnérables n’ont pas accès aux services de base tels que de la nourriture, de l’eau potable, des services de santé et des abris.

    Au cours de l’année dernière, le PAM a graduellement augmenté son assistance alimentaire, et en décembre 2014, il fournissait des vivres à plus de 60.000 réfugiés, personnes retournées et familles hôtes.

    Le PAM est aussi présent dans les deux autres pays affectés par les violences au Nigéria – le Cameroun et le Tchad – et a pour objectif d’apporter une assistance alimentaire à près de 240.000 personnes en 2015 dans les trois pays.

    Cependant, à cause du manque de financements, le PAM a de plus en plus de mal à intensifier ses opérations pour répondre aux besoins grandissants des réfugiés, des personnes retournées, des déplacés internes, et des communautés hôtes au Niger et dans les autres pays affectés.

    Dans la région de Diffa au Niger, le PAM a besoin de 26 millions de dollars pour fournir une assistance alimentaire à 130.000 personnes pendant douze mois.

    Le PAM est la plus grande agence humanitaire qui lutte contre la faim dans le monde en distribuant une assistance alimentaire dans les situations d'urgence et en travaillant avec les communautés pour améliorer leur état nutritionnel et renforcer leur résilience. Chaque année, le PAM apporte une assistance à quelque 80 millions de personnes dans près de 75 pays.

    Suivez-nous sur Twitter : @wfp_media @wfp_fr

    Pour plus d’informations, veuillez contacter (adresse email : prénom.nom@wfp.org) :

    Vigno Hounkanli, WFP Niger, +227 91205585
    Adel Sarkozi, WFP West Africa Regional Bureau (Senegal), +221 776375964


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey - WFP has resumed providing food assistance to refugees and displaced people in the Diffa region of Niger, near the Nigerian border, after security concerns forced a temporary suspension of food distributions.

    Following attacks by Nigerian militants at the beginning of February, thousands of refugees and host communities were forced to flee for their lives, and have been cut off from any assistance.

    WFP and partners plan to carry out food distributions today to more than 3,000 people, following resumption of food distributions on 19 February in Chetimari and Gagamari villages, where some 6,500 people received a monthly food ration, and nutritional supplements were provided for children, pregnant women and nursing mothers.

    “The basic food needs of these communities, often trapped in inaccessible areas, are considerable. As soon as the Government of Niger declares an area safe to access, WFP and its partners step in, providing much needed food to both refugees and local people displaced by conflict. We have already stored food across the region, which allows us to respond swiftly to provide life-saving assistance. Even with the recent attack, WPF still carried out a food distribution in the Saya Forage refugee camp on 12 February, just before being forced to temporarily suspend its assistance,” said Benoit Thiry, WFP Niger Country Director.

    WFP is supporting the Government of Niger and NGO partners to carry out assessments to ascertain the number and needs of the affected population.

    “We now have a better understanding where people have fled following the recent attacks, and as security permits, we are seeking to reach all of them. WFP and partners are travelling across the region to reach people who are scattered in remote areas,” said Thiry.

    By the end of February, WFP plans to assist 37,000 newly displaced people with food.

    WFP is particularly concerned about the poor nutritional state of children and women and has restocked functional nutritional centres with essential nutrition products.

    A WFP vulnerability assessment in November 2014 showed that the nutritional status of the children in Niger was already extremely worrying, with a Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rate of 23.5 percent, above the emergency threshold of 15 percent.

    More than 100,000 people have fled increasing violence in Nigeria in recent months and found refuge in neighbouring Niger. Most of the displaced are women and children. Refugees, internally displaced people and vulnerable host communities are lacking access to basic services - food, clean water, health services and shelter.

    WFP gradually increased its food assistance last year and by December 2014 was providing food to over 60,000 refugees, returnees and host families.

    WFP is also on the ground in the other two countries affected by violence in Nigeria – Cameroon and Chad – and it aims to reach about 240,000 people with food assistance in 2015 across the three countries.

    Lack of funding, however, makes it increasingly difficult for WFP to scale up its response to meet the growing needs of refugees, returnees, IDPs and host communities in Niger and the other affected countries.

    In the Diffa region of Niger, WFP requires US$26 million to reach 130,000 people with food assistance for twelve months.

    WFP is the world's largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 75 countries.

    Follow us on Twitter @wfp_media, @WFP_WAfrica

    For more information please contact (email address: firstname.lastname@wfp.org):
    Vigno Hounkanli, WFP Niger, +227 91205585
    Adel Sarkozi, WFP West Africa Regional Bureau (Senegal), +221 776375964


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Mali

    Wednesday 2/25/2015 - 21:05 GMT

    The new Tuareg tribal chief in Mali's Kidal region rejected the struggle for independence or autonomy in the northern desert in a statement to AFP on Wednesday, instead issuing a plea for unity.

    The stance puts him on a collision course with Tuareg rebels who are demanding a separate homeland in the vast swathe of land they call "Azawad".

    "Kidal is Malian. I'm against the independence and even autonomy of Kidal," said Mohamed Ag Intalla, who succeeded his father in December as the "Amenokal" -- or highest Tuareg leader -- of the northeastern Ifoghas mountains.

    Kidal, the cradle of a Tuareg separatist movement that has launched several rebellions since the 1960s, has been in the hands of rebels from the ethnic group since they ousted the Malian army in May last year.

    "Kidal should even be made the capital of Mali," Ag Intalla, who is also a ruling party lawmaker, said in his first public statement since being appointed as tribal chief.

    Contacted by AFP from Bamako, Ag Intalla said he was planning to tour northern Mali with other community leaders to "advocate peace".

    "We must make peace. We must talk among Malians to find out how we will all benefit from development. We need to involve the people," he said.

    "There will be a mission within the Kidal region, and the same mission in the Gao region to sensitise civil society, to advocate peace."

    The severing and realignment of traditionally fragile alliances between the north's diverse and complex armed movements has intensified around the resumption of peace talks in Algiers on February 16.

    Last week a leader from the rebel faction of the Arab Movement of Azawad announced he was switching to the pro-government side.

    The move followed the defection of a Tuareg rebel leader in December.

    Northern Mali fell under the control of jihadist groups linked to Al-Qaeda in 2012.

    They were largely driven out by the French-led Operation Serval launched in January 2013 but the northern desert, an area the size of Texas, remains volatile and ethnic bloodshed is common.

    Entire areas of the region remain beyond the control of the government.

    sd/sst/mrb/ft/pvh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey (ICRC) – The conflict which broke out several months ago in north-eastern Nigeria has spilled over the border into neighbouring Niger. Since 6 February several areas in the Diffa region in the south-eastern corner of Niger have been the scene of fighting and violence which has caused many deaths and injuries and displaced thousands of people.

    "The humanitarian situation is extremely worrying," says Loukas Petridis, head of the delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Niger. "People have been killed and wounded in what are sometimes indiscriminate attacks and we are very anxious about the plight of thousands of displaced persons."

    As Illa Djadi, who is in charge of distributing aid, explains, "Some of these displaced persons come from the town of Bosso, where the fighting took them by surprise. As they had to leave everything behind and flee, they are absolutely destitute and urgently need food. Others are refugees or returnees who had already fled from the violence in Nigeria and who were relying on host communities' solidarity and the assistance of humanitarian organizations. These people feel that there is no escape from the endless cycle of violence and displacement and that the future is even dimmer."

    As part of operations which are still continuing the ICRC and the Red Cross Society of Niger have distributed food supplies to some 5,000 people in Kablewa, Ouidi, Kawa and Djariho (N'Guigmi department), areas which have sheltered a large number of displaced persons since the fighting broke out at Bosso on 6 February.

    At the same time, about one hundred resident households received food aid. The last crop year was very mediocre. The conflict is a drag on the region's economy and the influx of tens of thousands of displaced persons, which has lasted for several months, is having repercussions on residents' lives. Mr Djadi, who is worried by a growing risk that food supplies in the region might run out, adds that "many shared their meagre resources with the displaced persons and are now facing an increasing struggle to feed themselves properly."

    The ICRC is stepping up contacts and discussions with the authorities, community leaders and all persons with influence in this region with a view to obtaining safe access to the displaced persons, assessing their needs and rapidly meeting them. Mr Petridis stresses that "the lack of security does not make our task any easier. In a region where most humanitarian organizations have had to suspend their activities owing to the security risks, it is vital that all parties to the conflict take steps to safeguard humanitarian action."

    Support for healthcare

    At Diffa hospital, which has been receiving ICRC support for several months, the operating theatre is always full. Between 6 and 23 February, the hospital staff treated more than 110 patients who were suffering from gunshot wounds or had been injured in explosions. The ICRC has sent additional medical assistance to the hospital in order to help it to cope with this influx and has prepositioned a ton of medical equipment and disposables in Diffa in order to care for about 50 seriously injured people.

    On 20 February an ICRC emergency medical team was deployed in order to help the hospital staff. An anaesthetist–resuscitator and an operating theatre nurse are supporting the local surgical team. Dr Assoumana Amadou, the head surgeon of the Diffa regional hospital, says that "this support is welcome, as it takes the pressure off the local team who has sometimes had to work round the clock over the last few days."

    Visits to places of detention

    Since 6 February dozens of people have been arrested in connection with the conflict in the Diffa region. In accordance with its mandate the ICRC has started to visit these people in order to find out about their conditions of detention and their treatment. As the government declared a state of emergency throughout the Diffa region on 10 February, the armed and security forces have been given wider policing powers, especially in respect of searches, arrests and detention.

    Mr Petridis draws attention to the fact that "military and security operations must comply with the relevant national laws and international conventions. In accordance with international humanitarian law, civilians, the wounded and detainees must be protected and treated humanely."

    For further information, please contact:
    Oumarou Daddy Rabiou, ICRC Niamey, tel.: +227 96 66 99 12
    Jean-Yves Clémenzo, ICRC Geneva, tel.: +41 22 730 22 71 ou +41 79 217 32 17


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    Source: International Committee of the Red Cross
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey (CICR) – Le conflit qui sévit depuis plusieurs mois dans le nord-est du Nigéria s'est étendu au Niger voisin. Depuis le 6 février, plusieurs localités de la région de Diffa, dans l'extrême sud-est du Niger, sont le théâtre de combats et de violences qui ont fait de nombreuses victimes et provoqué le déplacement de milliers de personnes.

    « La situation humanitaire est très préoccupante », déclare Loukas Petridis, chef de la délégation du Comité international de la Croix-Rouge (CICR) au Niger. « Outre le fait que des personnes sont tuées ou blessées, parfois à la suite d'attaques indiscriminées, le sort de milliers de déplacés nous inquiète énormément. »

    « Une partie de ces déplacés viennent de la ville de Bosso, où les combats les ont pris au dépourvu. Obligés de fuir en abandonnant tout derrière eux, ils vivent dans le dénuement le plus total et ont un besoin urgent de nourriture », explique Illa Djadi, responsable de la distribution des secours. « D'autres sont des réfugiés ou des personnes de retour chez elles qui avaient déjà fui les violences au Nigéria et qui vivaient de la solidarité des communautés d'accueil et de l'aide des organisations humanitaires. Ces gens ont le sentiment d'être enfermés dans un cycle de violence et de déplacements sans fin, qui leur laisse entrevoir un avenir encore plus incertain. »

    Dans le cadre d'une opération toujours en cours, le CICR et la Croix-Rouge nigérienne ont distribué des vivres à quelque 5 000 personnes dans les localités de Kablewa, Ouidi, Kawa et Djariho (département de N'Guigmi), qui ont accueilli un grand nombre de déplacés suite aux combats qui ont éclaté à Bosso le 6 février dernier.

    Parallèlement, une centaine de ménages résidents ont reçu une aide alimentaire. La dernière campagne agricole a été très médiocre. Du fait du conflit, l'économie de la région tourne au ralenti, et l'afflux de dizaines de milliers de déplacés depuis plusieurs mois a eu un impact sur les conditions de vie des résidents. « Beaucoup ont partagé leurs maigres ressources avec les déplacés et ont à présent de plus en plus de mal à se nourrir convenablement », constate M. Djadi,qui s'inquiète du risque croissant d'insécurité alimentaire dans la région.

    Le CICR multiplie les contacts et les échanges avec les autorités, les chefs communautaires et toutes les personnes ayant une influence dans cette région, en vue de pouvoir accéder en toute sécurité aux déplacés, évaluer leurs besoins et y répondre rapidement. « L'insécurité ne nous facilite pas la tâche, explique M. Petridis. Dans une région où la plupart des organisations humanitaires ont dû suspendre leurs activités en raison des risques sécuritaires, il faut que toutes les parties au conflit prennent impérativement des mesures pour garantir la sécurité de l'action humanitaire. »

    Soutien aux soins de santé

    À l'hôpital de Diffa, soutenu depuis plusieurs mois par le CICR, le bloc opératoire ne désemplit pas. Entre le 6 et le 23 février, 110 blessés ont été pris en charge par le personnel hospitalier. Les patients présentent des blessures par balles ou dues à des explosions. Le CICR a mis à la disposition de l'hôpital des secours médicaux supplémentaires pour l'aider à faire face à l'afflux de blessés et a par ailleurs prépositionné à Diffa une tonne de matériel médical et de produits consommables pour soigner une cinquantaine de blessés graves.

    Le 20 février, une équipe médicale d'urgence du CICR a été déployée pour prêter main-forte au personnel de l'hôpital. Un médecin anesthésiste-réanimateur et un infirmier de bloc opératoire appuient l'équipe chirurgicale sur place. Selon le Dr Assoumana Amadou, chirurgien-chef de l'hôpital régional de Diffa, « cet appui est le bienvenu et permet de soulager l'équipe sur place, qui a parfois dû travailler 24 heures d'affilée ces derniers jours ».

    Visite des lieux de détention

    Depuis le 6 février, plusieurs dizaines de personnes ont été arrêtées en lien avec le conflit dans la région de Diffa. Conformément à son mandat, le CICR a commencé à visiter ces personnes afin de s'assurer de leurs conditions de détention et du traitement qui leur est réservé. L'état d'urgence ayant été proclamé par le gouvernement le 10 février dernier dans toute la région de Diffa, les forces armées et de sécurité se sont vu octroyer des prérogatives renforcées en matière de police, notamment en ce qui concerne les perquisitions, les arrestations et les détentions.

    « Les opérations militaires et de sécurité doivent être menées dans le respect des lois nationales et des conventions internationales pertinentes, rappelle M. Petridis. Selon le droit international humanitaire, les civils, les blessés et les détenus doivent être protégés et traités avec humanité. »

    Informations complémentaires :

    Oumarou Daddy Rabiou, CICR Niamey, tél. : +227 96 66 99 12
    Jean-Yves Clémenzo, CICR Genève, tél. : +41 22 730 22 71 ou +41 79 217 32 17


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Lagos, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 2/26/2015 - 14:56 GMT | 632 words

    by Phil HAZLEWOOD

    Nigerian presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari on Thursday vowed to "lead from the front" in the fight against Boko Haram if elected in the country's forthcoming election.

    The former military ruler, who rejected descriptions of him as a "dictator", also argued against further delays to the election and said a free, fair and peaceful vote would boost democracy in Africa.

    The 72-year-old from the All Progressives Congress (APC) opposition has been seen as neck-and-neck with President Goodluck Jonathan in the closely fought election campaign.

    Some have predicted that Jonathan's Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) could lose power for the first time since Nigeria returned to civilian rule in 1999.

    In a speech at the Chatham House international affairs institute in London, which was broadcast live online, Buhari asserted that Nigeria had been failed by a consistent lack of leadership from Jonathan in the insurgency.

    "Our soldiers have neither received the necessary support nor the required incentive to tackle this problem. Let me assure you that if I'm elected president, I vow to change that," he added.

    "We will give them adequate modern arms and ammunition, we will improve intelligence gathering... we will be tough on terrorists and tough on its root causes... in the affected areas."

    "No inch of Nigerian territory will ever be in the hands of the enemy," Buhari pledged, promising to return Nigeria to its former role as a stabilising force in west Africa.

    The Islamist insurgency, which began in 2009, has left more than 13,000 people dead and forced more than one million others to flee their homes.

    Jonathan and his administration have been widely criticised for failing to stop the violence, which has seen Boko Haram seize territory in the northeast and attack neighbouring countries.

    Elections scheduled for February 14 were delayed as the military said ongoing operations with soldiers from Chad, Cameroon and Niger meant that troops could not provide security on polling day.

    But Jonathan, his national security advisor and the head of the army have said that major gains will be made by the new election date, March 28, to allow voting to take place.

    • High expectations -

    Critics have accused Jonathan and the PDP of delaying the vote to give them more time to seize back the momentum from the APC and Buhari said "any form of extension... will not be tolerated".

    Instead, he said free, fair and peaceful elections could "trigger a wave of democratic consolidation in Africa" and help to strengthen democracy in Nigeria.

    Buhari, seen as an anti-corruption figure despite allegations of serious rights abuses by his regime in the 1980s, also responded to descriptions of himself as a former dictator.

    "Let me say without sounding defensive that dictatorship was military rule, though some are less dictatorial than others," he said.

    "I take responsibility for whatever happened under my watch. I cannot change the past but I can change the present and the future.

    "So, before you is a former military ruler and a converted democrat who is ready to operate under democratic rules."

    "I will, if elected, lead by personal example," he said.

    "On corruption, there will be no confusion as to where I stand: corruption will have no place and the corrupt will not be appointed to my administration," he said.

    On Nigeria's economy, on paper Africa's largest but where the majority of people remain impoverished, Buhari said an APC government would work to free people from the "curse of poverty".

    Buhari has been mobbed by huge crowds on the campaign trail but said there was a need to "tamper high expectations on the part of those who are expecting miracles to happen".

    "Our expectation of getting there overnight is not realistic but... there are some of us in Nigeria who are serious" about stabilising the system.

    phz/bs/mjs

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Thursday 2/26/2015 - 19:33 GMT | 716 words

    by Bukar HUSSAIN with Aminu ABUBAKAR in Kano and AFP Lagos

    Nigeria's President Goodluck Jonathan on Thursday visited the scene of what is feared to be Boko Haram's worst massacre and vowed that the insurgency would soon be over.

    But the Islamists gave a fresh indication of the scale of the task, with three separate bombings in the country's religiously tense central region and restive northeast that left at least 35 people dead.

    The bombings raised fears of a renewed wave of attacks against vulnerable targets in urban centres, as troops from Nigeria, Niger, Chad and Cameroon make gains against the militants in rural areas.

    Jonathan's visit to Baga, where hundreds of people, if not more, are feared to have been killed, came after his main election opponent, Muhammadu Buhari, accused him of a lack of leadership in the crisis.

    The head of state, accompanied by military top brass and his national security advisor, told reporters in the Borno state capital Maiduguri after the trip that he wanted to see the devastation first hand.

    "I went... to visit communities devastated by the excesses of Boko Haram," he said. "I just went to see things for myself."

    Jonathan and his administration have been widely criticised for failing to stop the violence, which has seen Boko Haram seize territory in the northeast and attack neighbouring countries.

    Presidential elections scheduled for February 14 were delayed for six weeks as the military said the ongoing counter-offensive meant that troops could not provide security on polling day.

    But Jonathan and his government maintain that major gains will be made by the new election date, March 28, to allow voting to take place.

    On Wednesday, the head of the Nigerian Army, Lieutenant General Kenneth Minimah told troops in Baga after its recapture at the weekend: "The war is almost ended."

    • Multiple attacks -

    Jonathan this week claimed the "tide had turned" against Boko Haram, whose battle for a hardline Islamic state has left more than 13,000 people dead and some 1.5 million others homeless.

    On Thursday, he said he was still "very hopeful this time around that the journey to end (the) Boko Haram insurgency... will soon get to an end".

    But 18 people were killed when a suicide bomber blew himself up at a crowded bus station in the town of Biu, southern Borno, while a second bomber was shot dead before he could detonate his explosives.

    Hours later, assailants threw explosives from a moving car as they sped through a bus station in the central city of Jos, killing five.

    Moments later another device was thrown from the same car into fruit vendors at the terminus, killing 12.

    The blasts came after 51 people were killed in two separate bombings on Tuesday in Kano, the north's biggest city, and Potiskum, the commercial capital of Yobe state.

    With all the explosions at bus stations, the government issued a warning for increased vigilance, as well as at parks, schools and mosques.

    "Fugitive terrorists" were "now resorting to attacking soft targets in the face of the onslaught unleashed by the military forces", said National Information Centre spokesman Mike Omeri.

    • Buhari pledge -

    Meanwhile, the main opposition presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari vowed to "lead from the front" in the fight against Boko Haram if elected.

    In a speech at the Chatham House international affairs institute in London, the former military ruler said Jonathan had failed to show leadership against Boko Haram.

    "Our soldiers have neither received the necessary support nor the required incentive to tackle this problem. Let me assure you that if I'm elected president, I vow to change that," he added.

    "We will give them adequate modern arms and ammunition, we will improve intelligence gathering... we will be tough on terrorists and tough on its root causes... in the affected areas."

    "No inch of Nigerian territory will ever be in the hands of the enemy," Buhari pledged.

    Critics have accused Jonathan and his ruling party of enforcing a delay to the vote to give them more time to seize back the momentum from Buhari and the main opposition.

    Buhari said that any further postponement would be unconstitutional and "will not be tolerated".

    Instead, he said free, fair and peaceful elections could "trigger a wave of democratic consolidation in Africa" and help to strengthen democracy in Nigeria.

    bur-phz/pvh

    © 1994-2015 Agence France-Presse


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    Source: UN Human Rights Council
    Country: Mali

    GENEVA / BAMAKO (26 February 2015) – United Nations Independent Expert Suliman Baldo will carry out his fourth official visit to Mali from 1 – 10 March 2015 to assess the current situation of human rights in the country at a key moment in the current round of peace negotiations.

    “At this critical period, mediators and the peace negotiations should not ignore justice issues and the potential to prevent future human rights violations by ensuring robust accountability mechanisms,” Mr. Baldo said. “The institutionalisation of human rights norms is crucial and should be foremost in the minds of those seeking to negotiate a lasting peace.”

    “The needs of victims and the requirement for justice, for reparations and for guarantees of a non-repetition should be prioritised,” the human rights expert stressed.

    The fifth round of the peace negotiations resumed on 16 February 2015, following a series of informal consultations between the Mediation and the parties in Algiers, and on 19th February, a Declaration of consolidation of the ceasefire was been signed by the parties.

    The Declaration provides for the immediate cessation of all forms of violence in line with the cease-fire agreement and the implementation of confidence-building measures in collaboration with the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA), including the release of prisoners.

    During his ten-day mission, Mr. Baldo will meet members of the Malian government, as well as representatives of non-governmental organisations, and victims associations. He will also meet with the diplomatic community and the UN Country Team in Mali. The Independent expert also plans to visit northern Mali.

    At the end of his visit, the Independent Expert will share with the media his preliminary observations, findings and recommendations.

    The Independent Expert will present his report to the Human Rights Council on 24 March 2015 which includes the findings of his previous mission (October 2014). The information collected during this visit will allow the Expert to provide the Council with a verbal update on the human rights situation in Mali.

    Mr. Suliman Baldo (Sudan) took up his functions as UN Independent Expert on the situation of human rights in Mali on 1 August 2013. In that capacity, he acts independently from any Government or organization. The mandate of the Independent Expert was renewed by the Human Rights Council in 15 April 2014 for a period of one year, to assist the Government of Mali in its efforts to promote and protect human rights and to act upon the Human Rights Council’s recommendations.

    Mr. Baldo was previously the Africa director at the International Centre for Transitional Justice in New York. In 2011, he served as one of the three commissioners of the International Commission of Inquiry on Côte d’Ivoire established by the Human Rights Council to investigate violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed in Côte d’Ivoire during the post-electoral violence.

    UN Human Rights, country page – Mali: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/countries/AfricaRegion/Pages/MLIndex.aspx

    For additional information and media requests, please contact:
    In Geneva (before and after the visit: Brian Ruane (+41 22 928 9724 / bruane@ohchr.org)
    In Bamako(during the visit): Guillaume Ngefa (+223 79879118)

    For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts:
    Xabier Celaya, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / xcelaya@ohchr.org)


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    (Bamako, February 26, 2015) - Humanitarian organizations in Mali are seeking $377 million to cover the needs of over 1.5 million people in 2015. The requested funding will be used to support the second phase of their joint action plan for the period 2014-2016.

    "Despite the progress in reconstructing and stabilizing conflict-affected areas in the north of Mali, the persisting insecurity affects the resumption of basic social services and the restart of economic activities. Hundreds of thousands of people still need humanitarian aid to survive" said Mr. David Gressly, Humanitarian Coordinator in Mali.

    At the peak of the crisis, more than half a million people left the north of Mali to seek refuge in the south or in neighboring countries. Nearly 400,000 have since returned to the north where they face numerous challenges to restart their lives. Communities have become more vulnerable, livelihoods were deteriorated, and social services are working only partially, especially in rural areas.

    "When I returned home, I received assistance to rebuild my house and financial support for food. Thanks to humanitarian organizations’ support, I was also able to set up a small stall to sell used clothes on the market. I am struggling to find food for my family, but I have no other choice" says Zeinabou, a widow from Gao who has 14 dependents and who spent nearly two years in Bamako during the conflict period. She chose to return home in 2014, within the framework of a return convoy organized by the Government.

    Beyond the consequences of the conflict, Mali is facing a high level of food insecurity and malnutrition, which characterizes Sahelian countries. Nearly 2.6 million people in Mali (15 per cent of the total population of the country) will suffer from food insecurity this year. More than one in 10 children will be affected by acute malnutrition, facing a threefold to ninefold increased risk of mortality. Faced with this major challenge, national authorities and humanitarian partners coordinate their work to respond to people’s needs throughout the country.

    "In 2014, the Government increased its efforts in the food security sector", said Mr. Samba Baby, Secretary-General of the Ministry of Solidarity, Humanitarian Action and Reconstruction of the North. Besides, the Government is working with its development partners to address the structural causes of food insecurity and malnutrition.

    To support an exit to the crisis, the three-year humanitarian response plan in Mali is based on a twofold approach: meeting the immediate needs of the most vulnerable people while at the same time working to strengthen livelihoods and communities’ resilience. The plan focuses on reinforcing the abilities of national partners and state structures in an effort to lay the foundations of a transition from humanitarian response to development interventions. Finally, it also includes actions to support the prevention of, and preparedness to, emergency situations, especially to help Mali fight against epidemics and natural disasters.

    The Strategic Response Plan gathers forty humanitarian organizations in Mali – United Nations agencies and NGOs - who coordinate their planning efforts and response. The plan is part of the regional humanitarian response strategy for the Sahel.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    (Bamako, 26 février 2015) – Les organisations humanitaires au Mali lancent un appel de 377 millions de dollars pour répondre aux besoins de plus d’un million et demi de personnes en 2015. Cette requête servira à financer le deuxième volet de leur plan d’action commun couvrant la période de 2014 à 2016.

    « Malgré les progrès réalisés dans la reconstruction et la stabilisation des zones touchées par le conflit dans le nord du Mali, l’insécurité qui y persiste affecte la reprise des services sociaux de base et la relance des activités économiques. À ce jour, des centaines de milliers de personnes ont besoin d’aide pour assurer leur survie », a souligné le Coordonnateur de l’Action Humanitaire au Mali, M. David Gressly.

    Au plus fort de la crise, plus d’un demi-million de personnes avaient fui le nord du Mali pour trouver refuge plus au sud ou dans les pays voisins. Depuis, près de 400 000 personnes ont choisi de rentrer dans le nord, où de nombreux défis les attendent pour recommencer leur vie. Les communautés sont affaiblies, les moyens de subsistance sont érodés, et les services sociaux ne fonctionnent que partiellement, surtout dans les zones rurales.

    « À mon retour, j’ai reçu de l’aide pour reconstruire ma maison et un soutien financier pour avoir de quoi manger. L’appui des organisations humanitaires m’a aussi permis de lancer un petit étal de vêtements usagés au marché. Je peine à nourrir ma famille mais je n’ai pas d’autre choix», explique Zeinabou. Cette veuve de Gao, avec 14 personnes à sa charge, a passé près de deux ans à Bamako pendant le conflit. Elle a choisi de rentrer chez elle en 2014, grâce à un convoi de retour organisé par le Gouvernement.

    Au-delà des conséquences du conflit, le Mali demeure aux prises avec de forts taux d’insécurité alimentaire et de malnutrition, caractéristiques des pays du Sahel. On estime que près de 2,6 millions de Maliens – soit 15 pour cent de la population totale – souffriront d’insécurité alimentaire cette année. Plus d’un enfant sur 10 sera atteint de malnutrition aigüe, l’exposant à un risque de mortalité de 3 à 9 fois plus élevé. Face à ce défi de taille, les partenaires humanitaires coordonnent leur action avec les autorités nationales pour assurer la réponse aux besoins sur toute l’étendue du territoire. «En 2014, le Gouvernement du Mali a renforcé son engagement dans le secteur de la sécurité alimentaire », indique le Secrétaire Général du Ministère de la Solidarité, de l’Action Humanitaire et de la Reconstruction du Nord, M. Samba Al Hamdou Baby. Par ailleurs, le Mali poursuit ses efforts avec les partenaires de développement pour s’attaquer aux causes structurelles de l'insécurité alimentaire et de la malnutrition.

    En vue de favoriser une sortie de crise, le plan triennal de réponse humanitaire au Mali suit une double approche : répondre aux besoins immédiats des personnes les plus vulnérables tout en renforçant leur moyen de subsistance et la capacité de résilience de leurs communautés. Il prévoit aussi le renforcement des capacités nationales et des structures étatiques pour jeter les bases de la transition des interventions humanitaires vers celles de développement. Le plan accorde aussi une attention particulière à la prévention et à la préparation aux urgences, notamment pour aider le Mali à lutter contre les épidémies et les catastrophes naturelles.

    Le Plan de réponse stratégique regroupe une quarantaine d’acteurs au Mali – Agences des Nations Unies et ONG – qui coordonnent leurs efforts de planification et de réponse. Il s’intègre à la stratégie régionale de réponse humanitaire au Sahel. Le document intégral est disponible à : http://bit.ly/1D80TqF


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    Source: Qatar Red Crescent Society
    Country: Mali, Niger

    Qatar Red Crescent (QRC) and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) have recently signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to continue the relief efforts for the Malian refugees who fled to Niger due to political and military events in northern Mali, with common funding of €170,170 from UNHCR and €51,497 (QR 213,393) from QRC, which will also undertake all field activities.

    Under the MoU, QRC will continue its medical intervention commenced in October 2013 under a first agreement between the two parties, which was then extended by two other agreements till the end of December 2014. As the suffering of Malian refugees in Niger remains, this fourth agreement was signed to extend the health care project till the end of June 2015 to meet the increasing humanitarian needs of tens of thousands of Malian refugees.

    QRC operates three health centers that provide primary health care inside refugee camps, as well as ambulance services to move serious cases to national hospitals or medical facilities. There are more than 100 well-trained QRC medical and administrative staff. Thanks to the effective relief intervention by these teams, UNHCR chose QRC to be the organization responsible for its health projects.

    Every day, QRC's health care workers cover diseased and particularly critical cases, notably pediatric surgeries such as bladder stone removal, Caesarean sections that saved the lives of hundreds of women with the available ambulance vehicles and medical workers, discovery and treatment of several tuberculosis cases, and distribution of medicines to chronic patients.

    So far, these medical teams have served more than 30,000 Malians at refugee camps, as well as over 74,000 people of adjacent local communities.

    QRC initiated its urgent relief intervention in favor of the Malian refugees in response to an emergency appeal from the State of Mali and the Islamic Supreme Council in the wake of insurgency in 2011. The program involves two parts: (1) relief for internally displaced people (IDPs) in Mali and (2) relief for Malian refugees in neighboring countries, in coordination with UNHCR and the governments of host countries. One of the biggest refugee-receiving countries is Niger, particularly at the Tillabéri and Tahoua border regions. It is also a destination of refugees from several neighbors witnessing security turbulence, estimated at as many as 315,000, but actual numbers are much higher, let alone the recurrent food crises and seasonal floods.


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    Source: International Fund for Agricultural Development
    Country: Chad

    Rome, le 17 février 2015 – Le Gouvernement de la République du Tchad et le Fonds international de développement agricole des Nations Unies (FIDA) ont signé ce jour un accord de financement du Projet d’amélioration de la résilience des systèmes agricoles au Tchad (PARSAT).

    PARSAT qui vient consolider les acquis des investissements précédents du FIDA dans les régions cibles du pays, contribuera à l’amélioration durable de la sécurité alimentaire et des revenus des ruraux de la région du Guéra et des départements du Fitri et du Dababa respectivement dans les régions du Batha et de l’Hadjer-Lamis. Il améliorera également la résilience des systèmes agricoles et de l’économie des ménages face au changement climatique et aux chocs externes.

    Les interventions du PARSAT portent notamment sur l’amélioration du captage et de la gestion de l’eau avec 10 000 hectares à réhabiliter ou à aménager, l’intensification des systèmes de production de céréales sèches (mil et sorgho) et des cultures complémentaires telles que l’arachide, le sésame, ou le niébé, des cultures maraîchères et du petit élevage. Le PARSAT permettra également de désenclaver plusieurs zones de production, d’améliorer les capacités de stockage des produits agricoles et de promouvoir des activités génératrices de revenus dans les domaines tels que le séchage, la conservation et la transformation des produits agricoles.

    L'accord de financement a été signé au siège du FIDA à Rome par Rosine Baïwong Djibergui Amane, Ministre de l’agriculture et de l’environnement de la République du Tchad, et Michel Mordasini, Vice-Président du FIDA.

    D’un coût total de 36,2 millions de dollars US y compris un don du FIDA d’un montant de 17,2 millions de dollars complété par un autre don de 5 millions de dollars provenant Fonds fiduciaire du Programme d’adaptation de l’agriculture paysanne, ce projet est aussi cofinancé par le Fonds pour les pays les moins avancés du Fonds pour l’environnement mondial pour un montant de 7,3 millions de dollars, par le Gouvernement du Tchad à concurrence de 6,1 millions de dollars auxquels s’ajoute la contribution de 0,6 million de dollars fournie par les bénéficiaires eux-mêmes. On estime que 35 000 ménages, soit environ 175 000 producteurs dont 40 pour cent de femmes et 30 pour cent de jeunes vont bénéficier de PARSAT.

    Depuis 1992, le FIDA a financé 8 projets et programmes au Tchad d’un montant total de plus 163,5 millions de dollars, dont 113,5 millions d’USD proviennent de ses propres ressources ayant bénéficié directement à 148 350 ménages tchadiens.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    26 février 2015 – L'équipe de haut niveau mandatée par le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies pour enquêter sur la manifestation violente de janvier dernier à Gao, au Mali, est sur le point de terminer une visite de huit jours dans le pays.

    Selon la presse, le 27 janvier à Gao, au nord du Mali, une manifestation violente contre un camp de la Mission multidimensionnelle intégrée des Nations Unies pour la stabilisation dans le pays (MINUSMA) avait entraîné des morts et de nombreux blessés.

    Ce jour-là, les manifestants, qui étaient près d'un millier à se masser devant les portes de la base de la MINUSMA, située en plein centre-ville, avaient ensuite tenté d'y pénétrer par la force, un incident qui avait fait trois morts et de nombreux blessés parmi les manifestants.

    Suite à cet évènement tragique, le Secrétaire général de l'ONU, Ban Ki-moon, avait décidé de diligenter une enquête indépendante pour faire la lumière sur les faits entourant cette manifestation violente.

    Le 13 février, M. Ban avait informé le gouvernement du Mali du lancement de cette enquête, menée par une équipe de trois experts : Bacre Waly Ndiaye, du Sénégal, et comprendra également Ralph Zacklin, du Royaume-Uni, et Mark Kroeker, des États-Unis. Ces derniers devaient se rendre prochainement au Mali afin d'établir rapidement les faits autour de la manifestation de Gao.

    Dans un communiqué de presse rendu public aujourd'hui à Bamako, l'équipe d'enquête sur la manifestation violente a annoncé qu'elle était sur le point de finaliser sa visite de huit jours dans le pays.

    Durant cette visite, l'équipe a rencontré les autorités maliennes ainsi que celles de la région de Gao, la police nationale et le service de la protection civile à Gao, les responsables de la MINUSMA, le Cadre de concertation des notables de Gao, les associations qui ont organisé la manifestation du 27 janvier, les autorités hospitalières qui ont accueilli les victimes, des partis d'opposition et plusieurs autres interlocuteurs susceptibles d'aider à faire la lumière sur ces évènements.

    L'équipe s'est également entretenue avec les manifestants blessés durant ces évènements et a rendu visite aux familles endeuillées à qui elle a présenté ses condoléances.

    L'équipe d'enquête se rendra ensuite à New York pour présenter son rapport préliminaire au Secrétaire général et son rapport final d'ici à la fin mars 2015.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Une Equipe Mixte d’Observation et deVérification (EMOV) de la mise en œuvre de l’Accord de cessez-le-feu du 23 mai 2014 a effectué aujourd’hui une mission dans la localité d’Agouni, chef-lieu dela commune de Salam, Région de Tombouctou.

    L’EMOV était composée de représentants de la MINUSMA, du Gouvernement malien et des groupes armés signataires et adhérents de l’Accord préliminaire de Ouagadougou. Durant cette mission, l’EMOV a établi et dénombré les forces présentes sur place, et a vérifié la situation sécuritaire régnant dans la localité concernée. Elle a également tenu des discussions avec la population civile pour s’enquérir de leurs préoccupations et identifier leurs besoins en termes de protection et d’assistance.

    Cette mission intervient au lendemain d’une réunion qui s’est déroulée à la mairie de Salam à Abaradjou et qui réunissait une assemblée générale des chefs de fractions et villages de la commune, sous la présidence de M. Mohamed Tahar Ould ELHADJ, maire de Salam. Cette assemblée avait pour objectif de se pencher sur l’occupation d’Agouni par les groupes armés de la Coordination.

    Selon le Chef de village d’Agouni, M. Sidi Mohamed Ould OUMAR, dit Yenaw, le MAA-Coordination a indiqué que les groupes de la Coordination ont été autorisés par la MINUSMA à s’installer à 5 km à l’Est d’ Agouni. Une allégation que la MINUSMA tient à clarifier immédiatement : la MINUSMA n’a pas accordé une telle autorisation. Une fois la situation connue, une équipe a été dépêchée à Ber, les groupes concernés (MAA-Coordination) ont été priés de strictement respecter les engagements de cessez-le-feu.

    L’EMOV soumettra très prochainement un rapport détaillé de ses observations, conclusions et recommandations à la Commission Technique Mixte de Sécurité, présidée par le Commandant ad interim de la Force de la MINUSMA. D’autres missions d’Equipes Mixtes d’Observation et de Vérification sont planifiées prochainement.

    « Je félicite les parties de la conduite de ces missions. Je les invite à poursuivre cet exercicedans un esprit constructif et dans le respect de la Déclaration d’Alger du 19 février dernier », a par ailleurs déclaré le Représentant spécial du Secrétaire général des Nations Unies au Mali et Chef de la MINUSMA M. Mongi Hamdi.


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Mali

    26 February 2015 – The high-level team appointed by the United Nations to investigate the events surrounding a violent demonstration against the UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali (MINUSMA) has concluded its visit to the African country, the UN spokesperson’s office confirmed today.

    Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced the investigation on 29 January to determine the facts surrounding the “tragic incident” which resulted in the death and injury of protesters in the northern city of Gao.

    The UN team – formed by three independent experts, Bacre Waly Ndiaye of Senegal (team leader), Ralph Zacklin of the United Kingdom and Mark Kroeker of the United States – spent eight days in Mali, meeting with national and regional authorities as well as representatives of MINUSMA, authorities from hospitals that received victims, protesters who were injured and the associations who organized the protests with the hope that they “could help shed light on the events.”

    The three experts will now head to New York where they will present a preliminary report to the Secretary-General.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mali

    Millet, rice, and sorghum constitute the basic staple foods for the majority of the Malian population. Millet has traditionally been the most widely consumed, but since 2005 rice has become a popular substitute in urban households. Sorghum is generally more important for rural than urban households. Markets included are indicative of local conditions within their respective regions. Ségou is one of the most important markets for both the country and region because it is located in a very large grain production area. Bamako, the capital and largest urban center in the country, functions as an assembly market. It receives cereals from Koulikoro, Ségou, and Sikasso for consumption and also acts as an assembly market for trade with the northern regions of the country (Kayes and Koulikoro) and Mauritania. Markets in the deficit areas of the country (Timbuktu and Gao) receive their supplies of millet and rice from Mopti, Ségou and Sikasso.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Chad

    Sorghum, millet, white maize, and local and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is most heavily consumed in the eastern and northern regions of the country. Local rice is another basic food commodity, especially for poorer households. Imported rice and white maize are most commonly consumed in and around the capital. The Marché d'Atrone in N’Djamena, the capital city, is the largest market for cereals. Moundou is an important consumer center for sorghum and the second largest market after the capital. The Abéché market is located in a northern production area. The Sarh market is both a local retail market and a cross-border market.


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