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ReliefWeb - Updates

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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali, Niger, Nigeria

    FAITS SAILLANTS

    • Des déplacements internes de populations ont été observés pour la première fois dans la région de Diffa depuis le début de la crise au nord du Nigéria en mai 2013.

    • Environ 1 500 personnes vulnérables sont identifiées à Zinder parmi les personnes déplacées de Diffa. 51 cas de choléra sont enregistrés dans le pays depuis le début de l’année.

    • En 2014, le Service aérien humanitaire des Nations Unies a transporté plus de 13 700 personnes au Niger.

    CHIFFRES CLÉS

    Nb. de réfugiés Maliens 47 348 (Source: UNHCR)

    Nb de personnes déplacées du Nigéria recensées Plus de 100 000 au 3 février (Source autorités régionales)

    Populations en insécurité alimentaire ciblées à travers le plan de réponse stratégique (PRS) pour 2015

    2,5 millions (Source: PRS pour le Niger 2014-2016)

    Nb. d’enfants attendus pour la malnutrition aiguë (modérée et sévère) 1 038 858 dont 498 652 garçons et 540 206 filles (Source: cluster Nutrition)


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    Situation Update

    WFP’s most critical concern at this stage is the immediate availability of food to ensure timely and uninterrupted food distributions to the benefi-ciaries. WFP has maximized the use of internal advance financing mechanisms to allow continued distributions this month and in March, as well as to start Blanket Supplementary Feeding activities. However, this is only a temporary solution. WFP requires urgent and flexible resources to purchase and preposition stocks.

    A Budget Revision to WFP’s Emergency Operation 200777 is being prepared to respond to: growing insecurity in northern Nigeria, which is spilling into the three countries and creating new waves of population movements; the required reinforce-ment of sub-offices and security measures; and updated nutrition information on new arrivals which underscores high Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) rates.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Friday 2/20/2015 - 14:05 GMT

    At least 30 people were killed in Boko Haram raids on two villages in northeast Nigerian Borno state near the town of Chibok, a community leader and resident told AFP on Friday.

    The attacks on Thursday targeted the villages of Thlaimakalama and Gatamarwa, which were torched by the rampaging militants, said Pogo Bitrus, head of the Chibok Elders Forum.

    "From information coming in from residents of the two villages at least 30 people were killed in the attacks," he added.

    Luka Haruna, who lives in Chibok, some 15 kilometres (nine miles) away, gave an identical death toll and added: "The two villages were completely destroyed."

    Chibok gained notoriety last April when Boko Haram fighters kidnapped 276 schoolgirls, causing global outrage and a social media campaign to release them.

    Fifty-seven managed to escape but 10 months on, 219 are still being held.

    Bitrus said the latest attacks happened about noon (1100 GMT) on Thursday.

    The insurgents were passing through the two neighbouring villages as they fled the nearby town of Askira Uba, which they invaded on Monday evening, he added.

    Hundreds of Boko Haram fighters stormed Askira Uba, burning homes and public buildings, despite a regional campaign to crush their six-year insurgency.

    Residents who fled the town said they appealed to troops based in Chibok some 25 kilometres away but they allegedly refused to deploy.

    The militants fled when soldiers were eventually sent. Some left towards Gwoza, on the border with Cameroon, and the Sambisa Forest, where Boko Haram has camps.

    Boko Haram seized Gwoza in June last year ‎and later declared it a part of their Islamic caliphate. The town is considered to be the group's headquarters.

    Nigeria's military said on Thursday that fighter jets had bombarded Sambisa Forest after Chad, which is involved in the regional fight-back, attacked the nearby town of Dikwa.

    Bitrus said: "The insurgents mowed everything in sight as they fled Askira Uba and these two villages which they passed through became targets.

    "They opened fire on residents and set houses on fire as they drove in a huge convoy."

    abu/phz/bs/txw


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad

    SITUATION OVERVIEW

    Central African Republic (CAR): Violence and crime has been rising in CAR over recent weeks, with serious security incidents registered during the first half of February. This situation underlines that the conflict in CAR is far from over. As the safety and security of IOM staff, local populations, and humanitarian partners in Bangui as well as in other provinces in the country continue to be affected by the on-going conflict, IOM is considering additional precautions to ensure that all possible security measures are taken.

    While overall IDP numbers have been decreasing steadily, recent confrontations between Congolese MINUSCA (United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic) forces and armed groups have caused the latter to resort to reprisals against nationals of the Republic of Congo (RoC) and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Approximately 150 DRC nationals have requested evacuation assistance to return to DRC.

    According to OCHA, there are currently 440,000 Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in CAR, including 50,281 people hosted in 34 sites in Bangui.

    **Highlights**

    • CAR: During the reporting period, 36 youth teams includ- ing masons and carpenters continued with the construc- tion of houses in the Peace Villages in Kabo and Moy- enne Sido.
    • CHAD: IOM began the demarcation of lands for the con- struction of 300 shelters in the Kobiteye site on 4 Febru- ary.
    • CAMEROON: In response to the deterioration of tarpau- lins used in shelters in the transits sites in Kentzou and Garoua Boulai, IOM replaced roofs for 10 shelters using locally sourced materials.

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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Chad, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone

    L'ESSENTIEL

    • Malgré les bonnes perspectives de récoltes en Afrique de l’Ouest, les estimations de production céréalière au Sahel Ouest (Cap-Vert, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Sénégal) enregistrent une baisse de 32 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne quinquennale
    • Les prix des céréales sèches sont supérieurs à leurs moyennes quinquennales dans les localités où la campagne fut moins favorable en 2014 comme le Nord du Mali, le Niger, le Sénégal et le Tchad
    • L’insécurité au nord du Nigeria continue d’entraîner des déplacements de population dans la zone de Diffa au Niger

    La campagne agricole principale 2014-2015 a pris fin avec des récoltes de céréales estimées supérieures de 10 pour cent à la moyenne quinquennale pour la région d’Afrique de l’Ouest et le Sahel. Cette situation est positive pour l’ensemble de la région, cependant, l’irrégularité des pluies dans les pays du Sahel Ouest (Cap- Vert, Gambie, Guinée-Bissau, Mauritanie et Sénégal) a donné lieu à une chute des productions céréalières dans ces pays estimée à 32 pour cent par rapport à la moyenne quinquennale.

    Les effets d’une telle baisse de production pourraient entraîner des hausses de prix dans les marchés affectés. Dans ces mêmes zones, à la baisse de production vient s’ajouter un développement déficitaire des pâturages. Ces facteurs pourraient contribuer à une augmentation de l’insécurité alimentaire dans le Sahel Ouest dans les prochains mois. La campagne de contre-saison est bien établie dans la région et pourrait contribuer à combler les gaps de productions observés dans la campagne principale.

    Avec l’arrivée des récoltes, les marchés de la région sont bien approvisionnés et assurent une bonne disponibilité alimentaire. Les prix des principales céréales se sont stabilisés après plusieurs mois de baisse, cependant ils demeurent supérieurs à leurs moyennes quinquennales dans les localités où la campagne fut moins favorable en 2013/2014 et/ou des conflits ont éclatés, comme le nord du Mali, le Niger, le Sénégal et le Tchad. Au niveau des pays producteurs phares (Bénin, Burkina Faso, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, sud du Mali), les prix des céréales sèches sont stables, voire à la baisse comparés à leurs moyennes quinquennales.

    La recrudescence des attaques perpétrées par Boko Haram au Nigéria et la poursuite des hostilités en République centrafricaine ont augmenté le déplacement des populations dans les pays voisins, notamment au Cameroun, au Niger et au Tchad. Les régions de Diffa et du Lac Tchad continuent à accueillir des déplacés. À Diffa, dans les communes affectées par les mouvements de population, 53 pour cent des ménages sont en insécurité alimentaire. Il s’avère nécessaire de maintenir le suivi rapproché de la situation de sécurité alimentaire des populations gravitant dans ces régions.

    Les mesures prises pour contenir l'épidémie de la maladie à virus Ebola (MVE) telles que la mise en quarantaine des zones les plus touchés, les restrictions de mouvements internes de population et la fermeture des marchés, ont conduit à une perturbation des activités économiques. Les trois pays ont connu une réduction dans leurs productions agricoles notamment pour le riz la diminution de production se situerait entre -3 et -12 pour cent au niveau national. L’évaluation des récoltes et de la sécurité alimentaire (CFSAM) a estimé que près de 520 000 personnes sont en insécurité alimentaire en raison de l’impact de la MVE en décembre 2014, et que ce chiffre pourrait atteindre 1 million de personnes en mars 2015


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    Source: UN News Service
    Country: Nigeria

    Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has strongly urged the Government of Nigeria to ensure that the new dates set for the country’s general elections are maintained following the vote’s recent postponement, according to the United Nations spokesperson’s office.

    The polls, originally scheduled for 14 February, was pushed back to 28 March and 11 April following appeals by the armed forces to delay the vote amid ongoing fighting in the country’s north-eastern regions against the militant group, Boko Haram.

    In a statement released by the UN spokesperson earlier today, the Secretary-General welcomed commitments by the candidates to the Presidency to respect the new calendar and commended the progress made by Nigeria’s Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) in the preparation for the elections, including the distribution of Permanent Voter Cards.

    In addition, the spokesperson said Mr. Ban urged all relevant national institutions to continue to work with INEC “to ensure all voters can exercise their constitutional right to participate in the elections freely and without intimidation.”

    Although the postponement was greeted in many quarters as an opportunity to channel the country’s collective focus on fighting Boko Haram, some Nigerians have reportedly voiced concern about the delay’s legality.

    “The Secretary-General nevertheless expresses strong concern over reports of election-related violence,” the statement continued. “He urges all political leaders to adhere to their commitments under the Abuja Accord, to refrain from inflammatory statements and to immediately condemn any statements from their supporters that amount to an incitement to violence or subversion of the electoral process.”

    The spokesperson said Mr. Ban reiterated that the UN would continue to closely follow developments in the country and that the Organization was “offering its full support to Nigeria at this important moment,” particularly through the ongoing active engagement of his High-Level Representative to Nigeria, Mohamed Ibn Chambas.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    FOOD SECURITY SNAPSHOT

    • Preliminary estimates for 2014 harvest point to an above-average cereal production

    • Cereal prices are on decline, reflecting adequate supplies

    • Humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate in northern parts, as a result of continuing civil conflict

    Adequate rains in 2014 resulted in good cereal production

    Harvesting of the 2014 cereal crops was completed in January 2015. Favourable rains benefited crop development in the major producing states of the country. Although civil insecurity led to significant population displacement, disrupting farming activities in Borno, Yobe and part of Adamawa State, preliminary estimates point to an above-average 2014 cereal production. FAO tentatively forecasts the country’s cereal output in 2014 at about 24.4 million tonnes, 12 percent above the previous five-year average.

    An above average production was already gathered in 2013. The 2013 aggregate cereal production was estimated at some 23 million tonnes, an increase of 10 percent over the 2012 floods-affected output. Good supplies from the new 2014 harvest have resulted in significant price declines for coarse grains. In the main northern Kano market, maize prices dropped by 20 percent between September and December 2014.


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    Source: Mercy Corps
    Country: Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Iraq, Liberia, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Every day there seems to be a different country in the news with a new tragic headline: Nigeria. Ukraine. Afghanistan. Yemen. And of course, Syria.

    Last year, we saw an unprecedented number of humanitarian crises around the world, and thanks to supporters like you, we've been on the ground helping people survive and continue working toward a better future despite unimaginable circumstances.

    While we continue to address the continued crises around Syria and in South Sudan and the Central African Republic, we're also looking ahead at the new challenges we must address in 2015 — and what new ways we can make a lifesaving and lasting difference for millions of people facing displacement, hunger, violence and disease.

    We recently spoke with Mercy Corps’ Senior Vice President of Programs, Craig Redmond, about what ongoing and emerging global situations pose the biggest threats and how we're responding.

    Syria Crisis & Iraq

    The Situation: The war in Syria is the worst humanitarian crisis of our time. After nearly four years, more than three million people have fled to safety in neighboring countries, but more than seven million are displaced and still trapped inside the besieged country. Two-thirds of the population is now in need of urgent humanitarian assistance — they have no homes, no jobs, no school, no security, no ability to meet their basic needs.

    The insecurity and conflict in neighboring Iraq has blurred the lines of war, creating new and unpredictable risks at every turn. In all, such massive displacement of both Syrians and Iraqis, and unpredictable violence, threatens to destabilize the entire region.

    Severe winter storms are the most recent threat, with snow and freezing rain putting families without warm clothes or proper shelter at risk.

    How We're Helping: Basic resources are scarce and transportation is difficult in the unstable environment, but our teams in Jordan, Lebanon, Iraq and Syria continue to provide food, water, warm clothes, heaters and other necessities to 2.5 million people, including reaching 1.7 million people displaced inside Syria.

    With seemingly no end to this conflict in sight, refugees have no idea when they'll be able to return home, so we must help them cope and settle for the time being where they have found refuge. We are working to rehabilitate Jordan's water infrastructure to increase access to clean water and are repairing shelters for refugees in both Jordan and Lebanon.

    At the same time, as the strain on host countries creates tensions between Syrians, Jordanians and Lebanese communities, we've spearheaded a program that brings people together to mediate their issues and collaborate on community development projects that jointly solve their problems: expanding schools and building playgrounds and sports fields, for example.

    The work to help young people — who make up half of all Syrian refugees — overcome their trauma and continue with their healthy development is key to ensure that we don't lose an entire generation to this crisis.

    In order to fill the gap in critical education and life milestones they are missing, we implement several programs that give children a safe place to play and learn in refugee camps, as well as leading group activities in communities for adolescents to build friendships and develop leadership skills that will help them create a better future for themselves — and ultimately, for their country.

    Ukraine

    The Situation: Since early 2014, government and rebel forces have been fighting for control of the eastern region of Ukraine. The conflict has thus far killed thousands of civilians and left more than one million people displaced within the country.

    While a cease-fire agreement was recently signed during peace talks in Belarus, it’s unclear whether any end to the fighting will hold. The future of eastern Ukraine still hangs in the balance.

    Many people in the east are hiding from violence where they can and have little or no access to electricity, water, food or health care. Large swaths of the eastern region now lack any functional economy, and shelling has caused massive infrastructure damage. Children and the elderly have been particularly vulnerable during the fighting, and the humanitarian needs are mounting.

    There has been sporadic fighting for nearly a year, but a recent swell in conflict in the cities of Donetsk and Luhansk has caused a surge of new and large displacements.

    How We're Helping: “It’s suddenly a huge crisis,” says Redmond. “So we’re going to do an immediate response.”

    Mercy Corps’ emergency response team is currently determining the most urgent needs of displaced people in the area — and preparing to quickly respond with essential supplies and programs that will support the recovery of the region.

    South Sudan

    The Situation: The world’ youngest nation has been battered by civil war since political violence erupted in the capital of Juba in December 2013. The conflict soon spread across the country, destabilizing markets and forcing more than one million people to flee their homes. Many ran into the bush with nothing on their backs but their children.

    This is only the latest conflict, after decades of another civil war that ultimately led to South Sudan's independence in 2011. For a a couple years it looked as though this most underdeveloped country in the world would have a chance at peaceful growth, but “The roots of the conflict are well in place and haven’t been dealt with,” says Redmond.

    Now, the entire country is in the grips of a massive hunger crisis — the U.N. warned recently that more than 2.5 million people are at risk of famine. In a country where most people have been dependent on subsistence farming, families are unable to grow food after being forced to leave their own land behind, and markets are barren because traders do not want to risk being attacked en route.

    How We're Helping: “We’re trying to focus on food security and look at markets. That’s what needs to happen because food security is an ongoing problem,” says Redmond. But the challenges are steep. “How do we do it within a conflict? How do we do it on a big enough scale to matter?”

    Mercy Corps is working in remote villages in South Sudan to help displaced people grow more food to feed their families. We’re also providing cash assistance to the most vulnerable people so that they can purchase food in local markets.

    Our work helping traders maintain their businesses is helping keep South Sudan’s markets alive, and our team in South Sudan is continually looking for new ways to help the people of this young country survive and recover in the delicate and constantly changing environment.

    Nigeria

    The Situation: Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and is, in many ways, a model of prosperous development in Africa. But stark economic inequalities remain — roughly 70-percent of the population lives in poverty, and women and girls have especially-limited access to education and resources.

    Ethnic and religious conflict is still seen in pockets across the country, and now, the rise of extremist violence by Boko Haram in the north of the country is putting millions of people at risk and threatening neighboring countries. Nearly one million people are now displaced in Nigeria, creating new humanitarian needs. “That’s a serious one to watch,” says Redmond.

    How We're Helping: Our emergency response teams are on the ground and assessing the areas of most urgent need and how best to respond.

    Despite the potential for more serious conflict, Mercy Corps’ ongoing programs to support young women's education and job training continue. Their safety and security is our top priority in the insecure environment, but we believe we cannot give up on addressing the root causes of inequality and poverty here.

    By helping girls stay in school longer, and providing tutoring and economic and business skills lessons, they will be empowered to make better decisions for their families and contribute to the peaceful development of their communities.

    Central African Republic

    The Situation: The Central African Republic (CAR) is one of the world’s poorest countries, and has long been plagued by marauding bands of rebel fighters. A violent coup in 2013 only made things worse for struggling citizens. Since then, the country has descended into lawlessness, and basic services like clean water, education and health care are minimal.

    Unpredictable violence has displaced more than 500,000 people and continues to threaten any sense of recovery. People don’t feel safe — and women and girls are especially vulnerable to incidents of gender-based violence.

    How We're Helping: “The presence of organizations like Mercy Corps is really important to communities, because we represent civility,” says Redmond. “When there’s nothing they can rely on, we’re a stability that they otherwise don’t have.”

    Mercy Corps is providing much-needed clean water and sanitation services to people living in crowded displacement camps. Our work within communities promotes peaceful conflict resolution and teaches mediation techniques.

    In the absence of consistent governance, supporting victims of gender-based violence is one of our top priorities. We operate listening centers across the country where women can access confidential counseling, learn about their medical and legal options after an incident, and get the support they need to reintegrate into their communities and move forward.

    Afghanistan

    The Situation: With a newly-elected government in place and most American military forces leaving the country, Afghanistan’s future is uncertain as the Taliban may look to make a resurgence. The past year has seen an increase in violence and conflict-related displacement, with more than 150,000 people forced to flee their homes.

    How We're Helping: Even with cultural tensions running high, Mercy Corps is encouraging gender equality in some of the country’s most conservative areas in the south of the country. Our pioneering vocational training program that began in Helmand province, where women are scarcely seen in public, offers education for the first time in decades to young women in culturally-acceptable trades like sewing and embroidery.

    Women in the program also learn how to start small businesses, and a revolutionary all-women’s market allows program participants to begin selling their goods and services to other women in their community. Mercy Corps is now looking to expand the vocational training program into the southern Kandahar province, where educational opportunities for girls and women have been all but non-existent. “It’s very tough,” says Redmond of the region.

    We have been active in Afghanistan for nearly 30 years and have built deep ties with the communities that we work with. Our extensive knowledge of the region and Mercy Corps' long history of helping the Afghan people allows us to work in some of the country's most difficult places.

    Nationwide, our programs are helping people in Afghanistan learn skills and trades that will help them build more prosperous futures for themselves and their families. With greater access to education and the opportunity to build successful livelihoods, the hope is that Mercy Corps' work will lead to a more stable and peaceful Afghanistan.

    Liberia

    The Situation: The Ebola epidemic that began nearly a year ago has taken a serious toll on the people of Liberia, and the fight still isn’t over. Cases of the deadly disease have dropped to just a small number, but it only takes one new case to potential spark another outbreak. Awareness about the disease, along with its causes and symptoms, has increased greatly, but communities must remain vigilant to eradicate Ebola completely.

    While some parts of life are slowly returning to normal — students returned to school this week after a six-month closure — Ebola has had a huge effect on the country’s economy. With many people unable to work or farm, and restrictions placed on transportation and trade in an effort to contain the disease, rising prices and lack of income all contributed to the economic slow-down.

    How We're Helping: Our team in Liberia has helped trained 15,000 community educators who have been working tirelessly to bring important information about Ebola to some of Liberia’s most remote areas. Now, they will also focus on community education about the stigma that Ebola survivors face on a daily basis in order to help communities reconcile and trust one another again.

    Our team is also focused on the country's economic recovery and is working to support the most vulnerable families with food and cash assistance that will help stimulate local markets.

    Somalia

    The Situation: While the northern area of Somalia has remained fairly calm in recent years, the south has seen increasing insurgent attacks and instability. The country is still recovering from more than two decades of strife and the 2011 drought and famine, which was the worst that the region has seen in 60 years.

    Insurgents have been weakened substantially, but they are still able to cause enough fear and damage to keep the region destabilized. Because of long-term conflict and a lack of infrastructure, education has not been a priority, especially for girls. Enrollment of young girls and women in school is the worst in the world.

    How We're Helping: Mercy Corps is working to change that statistic by encouraging girls to stay in school and teaching communities about the benefits of educating their young women. “We’re doing that work in very tough places,” says Redmond. “There’s so much need for education infrastructure there.”

    Part of the program also offers teacher-training to female students so that future generations of young girls will have role models in their classrooms. The program has been so successful that it is now expanding into the south central region of the country.

    Yemen

    The Situation: Yemen is the poorest country in the Middle East — and one of the hungriest and most malnourished in the world, since it is almost entirely dependent on imports. Economic issues sparked uprisings in 2011, and the country has been dealing with continued tensions ever since, threatening to cause a more dire humanitarian situation.

    Social services are few and far between for everyday people, job opportunities are limited, and food prices are soaring out of reach for most citizens. The volatile political dynamic has the potential to trigger further violence that would disrupt vital humanitarian aid to the country.

    The Houthi rebels overran the country's capital of Sanaa last September, and life there is now extremely tense for civilians. Many fear that the conflict between government and rebel groups may soon boil to the surface and cause full-scale sectarian fighting.

    How We're Helping: Mercy Corps continues to help the most vulnerable communities by improving their access to food and water and teaching people to recognize and cope with future food crises. To combat hunger and malnutrition, our emergency food program is providing healthy, nutritious meals to 63,000 people. Health education classes also teach people how to make the best choices to feed their families. We are also helping small farmers grow more food.

    In the capital of Sanaa, we are reaching school-aged children with vital psychosocial support to help them deal with the instability around them. Child-friendly spaces help them learn and make friends in a peaceful setting.

    To inspire a new generation of peaceful and engaged citizens, we are encouraging young people to dream big with leadership, conflict-management and civic engagement trainings. We are also supporting them in their efforts to develop business plans and start successful small businesses.


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    Source: Afrique Verte
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali, Niger

    Synthèse début janvier 2015 : la tendance générale de l'évolution des prix des céréales est à la stabilité dans les 3 pays (Burkina, Niger et Mali).

    Niger : la tendance générale des prix des céréales est à la stabilité. Toutefois, quelques cas de hausses ont été observés sur le marché de Zinder (+14% pour le sorgho et +3% pour le mil) et sur celui de Maradi (+8% pour le mil). Des baisses ont été enregistrées pour le mil (- 3% à Dosso), pour le sorgho (- 9% à Dosso) et pour le maïs (- 6% à Zinder et - 3% à Dosso et Niamey).

    Mali : la tendance générale des prix des céréales est la stabilité. Toutefois, quelques fluctuations à la hausse et à la baisse ont été observées. Les hausses ont été enregistrées pour le maïs à Gao (+7%), pour le sorgho à Sikasso (+4%) et pour le riz importé à Sikasso (+3%). Les baisses les plus significatives ont été enregistrées : i) pour le mil à Gao (- 9%) et à Bamako (- 3%) ; ii) pour le sorgho à Gao (- 6%) et enfin iii) pour le maïs à Sikasso (- 5%).

    Burkina : la tendance générale des prix des céréales est variable selon les produits. Elle est à la stabilité pour le riz, à la baisse pour le mil, à la hausse pour le sorgho et le maïs. Les baisses les plus significatives ont été observées : i) pour le mil à Nouna (- 12%), Dédougou (- 9%), Tenkodogo ( - 6%) et Ouagadougou (- 3%), ii) pour le riz à Ouagadougou (- 13%) et enfin iii) pour le maïs à Bobo (- 9%). Des hausses ont été observées sur certains marchés : i) à Dédougou (+9% pour le maïs et +4% pour le sorgho), ii) à Nouna (+9% pour le maïs et +4% pour le sorgho), iii) à Fada (+4% pour le sorgho et +3 % pour le mil) et à Kongoussi (+7% pour le sorgho ; +6% pour le maïs et +3% pour le mil).


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    Source: International Organization for Migration
    Country: Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria

    REGIONAL OVERVIEW

    Over the course of 2014 and the beginning of 2015, North East (NE) Nigeria has witnessed an increase in violence conducted by the insurgency group Boko Haram (BH) also known as Jama’atu Ahlis Sunna Lidda’awatiwal-Jihad – JAS), leading to widespread displacement in the country with a spill-over effect to neighbouring Niger, Chad, and Cameroon. At the end of 2014, the estimated number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in Nigeria’s NE stood at close to one million and over 200,000 were reported displaced in neighbouring countries at the time of IOM’s regional assessment mission.

    Whereas BH has been active in Nigeria since 2009, the severity and impact of its attacks has been felt most severely during 2014. Originally using “hit-and-run” tactics focused primarily on government targets and banks, the group is now increasingly targeting the civilian population and taking control of territory purportedly with the aim of establishing a “caliphate”.

    Meanwhile cross-border hit-and-run attacks into Cameroon have become more frequent, lately also expanded to Niger. In light of the tactics used by BH in Nigeria, ideological support for the aims of the insurgents has been dropping sharply, with a shift to paid and forced recruitment, including of children. BH operates in a region of Nigeria where the poverty rate is the highest and where central government has been less present in the past. Thus, disenfranchised youth might be more prone to recruitment by BH, a concern which is also shared by neighboring Cameroon and Niger. Already there are reports of BH members originating from neighboring countries. In addition, the crisis has caused severe disruption to traditional trade routes as well as agricultural and pastoralist activities.

    Niger, Cameroon and Chad are now fighting BH along the border areas and even within Nigeria. Chad is the most militarily engaged among all neighbors. The African Union has recently approved the deployment of 8300 troops to increase military response capacity. The AU's deployment decision is based on a request to expand on an existing Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF) made up of armed forces from Nigeria, Chad and Niger - originally conceived as a counter-smuggling initiative, with limited cross-border collaboration, then later extended to fight BH. In the aftermath of the Baga (Nigeria) attacks at the beginning of January 2015, MNJTF has been confirmed insufficient.

    Within the Lake Chad region, there exist ethnic and family ties which transcend national boundaries. The ethnic groups living in NE Nigeria share the same roots with the residents of the Extreme North region of Cameroon, Lac region in Chad and Diffa region in Niger. Multiple and cross-border movements complicate the understanding of displacement patterns and people’s identity is not defined along national boundaries. The majority of the displaced population is seeking refuge in host communities, benefiting from prior links with them. Whilst host families have been very accommodating, their means to support IDPs are meager and reaching a point of exhaustion. There are insufficient programmes targeting the needs of IDPs outside camps and seeking to increase the resilience of host communities.

    According to the latest Nigerian census (2006), roughly 1 million foreign migrants reside in Nigeria, 51.4% of whom are originating from ECOWAS countries. For those fleeing BH across the border, a lack of access to identity documents makes it difficult to discern who is a returnee, refugee, IDP, or stranded migrant / Third Country National (TCN).

    There are only blurred scenarios on how the displacement situation will evolve further. Both the on-going military operations as well as the Nigerian presidential elections (initially scheduled for 14th February and now postponed to the end of March) will have an impact on possible scenarios. The presence of BH along the Cameroonian and Niger border currently acts as a buffer zone for cross-border displacement, with the Damaturu road in Nigeria remaining as the sole exit route to leave Borno state. Further encroachment on territory in Borno, including the 2 million city of Maiduguri, might hence prompt internal displacement towards Yobe rather than the neighbouring countries. However, military interventions might open up additional escape routes and could be a factor causing further displacement of civilians currently trapped in BH controlled areas.


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    Source: UN Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali
    Country: Mali

    Two workshops on Reflection will be held on the 13th of February in Bamako, with the aim of relaunching political dialogue in Mali. The Government and Malian armed groups, accompanied by the international community, and social and civil experts will meet to tackle diverse topics.

    These workshops also respond to the demands of members of the Security Council and with the goal to prepare an inclusive political dialogue with clear dates stipulated as soon as possible.

    The first workshop will focus on lessons learned from past peace agreements and will enable insight into the pitfalls to steer clear of whilst preparing for future negotiations.

    The opening ceremony for the first workshop will take place tomorrow at the International Conference Centre of Bamako (CICB) and will be presided by his excellency Mr. Tatam Ly, Prime Minister of Mali.

    The parties will join upon invitation by Special Representative of the Secretary-General and President of the Monitoring Committee, Mr. Albert Gerard Koenders.


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    Source: UN Children's Fund, Government of Chad
    Country: Chad

    RESUME

    La malnutrition est endémique au Tchad. Entre 2000 et 2010, la prévalence de l’insuffisance pondérale est passée de 28% à 30%, la prévalence de la malnutrition chronique de 28% à 39% et la prévalence de la malnutrition aiguë globale de 14,6% à plus de 16% (INSEED, 2010). La partie sahélienne du pays constitue la zone la plus affectée par les problèmes de carences nutritionnelles. Cette situation nutritionnelle critique a conduit le Ministère de la Santé Publique du pays à la mise en place d’un programme de prise en charge de la malnutrition aigüe dans les régions sahéliennes, ainsi qu’au renforcement du système de surveillance nutritionnelle, avec l’appui technique et financier de l’UNICEF.

    Le système de suivi régulier de la situation institué depuis 2010 comporte deux enquêtes nutritionnelles annuelles, une première en période de soudure (mai-septembre) et une deuxième en période post-récolte (octobre-avril). La présente enquête est la 8ème série d’enquêtes s’inscrivant dans le cadre du suivi régulier de la situation. Elle a été réalisée avec un niveau de représentativité pour chacun des 33 districts sanitaires de la bande sahélienne afin de fournir l’image actuelle de la situation nutritionnelle. i

    L’enquête a été conduite indépendamment dans chacun des 33 districts sanitaires fonctionnels de la bande sahélienne. La méthodologie SMART a été adoptée. Il s’agit d’une méthode d’enquête rapide, standardisée et simplifiée, avec saisie quotidienne des données anthropométriques sur le terrain, afin d’en améliorer la qualité. Pour chaque district sanitaire, un échantillonnage en grappes à deux degrés a été réalisé, avec au premier degré la sélection des villages avec probabilité proportionnelle à la taille, puis au deuxième degré la sélection des ménages de manière aléatoire systématique faisant suite à un recensement exhaustif des ménages.

    La collecte des données a eu lieu du 19 août au 10 octobre 2014. Les principales données collectées et analysées comprenaient l’âge, le sexe, le poids, la taille, les oedèmes nutritionnels et le périmètre brachial. Les interviews ont aussi permis de collecter des informations sur la mortalité rétrospective. Le test d’iodation du sel de cuisine a été réalisé au niveau de chaque ménage.

    La collecte des données a eu lieu du 19 août au 10 octobre 2014. Les principales données collectées et analysées comprenaient l’âge, le sexe, le poids, la taille, les oedèmes nutritionnels et le périmètre brachial. Les interviews ont aussi permis de collecter des informations sur la mortalité rétrospective. Le test d’iodation du sel de cuisine a été réalisé au niveau de chaque ménage.

    La saisie et l’analyse des données ont été réalisées à l’aide des logiciels ENA for SMART (version août 2014), en suivant les recommandations SMART. Les mesures anthropométriques individuelles ont été comparées aux valeurs de référence internationale (OMS 2006). Des analyses complémentaires ont été faites en utilisant le logiciel SPSS for Windows version 19.0. Les analyses pondérées ont permis de calculer les prévalences représentatives au niveau régional et au niveau de l’ensemble de la bande sahélienne.


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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, World

    Why an assessment of the right to food in West Africa?

    West Africa has shown the fastest economic growth among the regions of the African continent, and has also made great progress in the reduction of hunger and malnutrition, with six countries already having achieved the MDG of halving by 2015 the proportion of people suffering from hunger. However, the levels of poverty and inequality remain among the highest in the world, and serious inequities in access to resources (land, water, technology, etc.) push most vulnerable households into a severe food insecurity situation. In fact, the region still has 36 million undernourished people.

    West African leaders endorsed in 2013 a radical approach to end hunger in Africa by 2025. In this regard they are increasingly prioritizing food and nutrition security (FNS) issues in their political agendas and launching initiatives to address hunger-related problems.

    West African States have ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), and have therefore committed to realize the fundamental right to be free from hunger, and to move as expeditiously as possible towards the full realization of the right to adequate food. This means they have to consider food as a right and focus their actions on the root causes underlying the lack of access to adequate food, as well as the negative repercussions of the current situation for the most vulnerable populations.

    To this end, the West Africa Zero Hunger Initiative was formally launched in February 2014, aiming at reducing hunger and malnutrition and at advancing the realization of the right to food.

    A right to adequate food assessment is the first step in the process of developing a right to adequate food strategy and in implementing specific measures that respond to the State’s obligations to respect, protect and fulfil this human right.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Burkina Faso

    COUNTRY STRATEGY:

    WFP’s long-term vision for Burkina Faso is to ensure food and nutrition security for the poorest and most vulnerable households. The overall country strategy is to provide a framework for assisting the Government in accelerating socioeconomic growth and reduce poverty. Three strategic priorities have been retained to define WFP’s role in Burkina Faso and provide a basis for strategic partnerships with national and international organizations. The three strategic priorities are: (1) enhance the national capacity to respond to crises and build household resilience to shocks; (2) support the development of human capital through social protection programmes; and (3) strengthen small-scale producers’ skills and capacities in marketing and processing agricultural products. WFP has been present in Burkina Faso since 1967.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Central African Republic, Chad

    COUNTRY STRATEGY:

    Under PRRO 200713, WFP will shift from relief to enhancing resilience by increasing the capacities of vulnerable populations to respond to shocks through market-based mechanisms, vulnerability-based targeting, a community based approach to nutrition interventions and seasonal assistance for 2.2 million people.

    Under the EMOP 200672, WFP aims to ensure adequate food access and consumption for the people fleeing conflict in C.A.R. it also aims to prevent and treat acute malnutrition in children fleeing C.A.R. aged from 6–59 months.

    Under Dev 200288 WFP aims to improve enrolment and attendance rates for children from vulnerable households

    WFP has been present in Chad since 1968.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Mali, Mauritania

    COUNTRY STRATEGY:

    WFP’s country strategy for Mauritania (2011-2016) identifies three priorities, which were developed in consultation with the government, United Nations agencies and other partners. These priorities include: improve the coordination and consultation; reduce risk and create national capacity to prepare for crises; and invest in human capital development through social protection. In 2015, WFP will provide food and nutrition assistance to 541,510 people to support their food security and encourage communities’ resilience building efforts through the PRRO. WFP will also provide a safety net to about 156,370 primary school children from food insecure and highly vulnerable households via the school meal programme. In addition, WFP will provide lifesaving assistance to 48,000 Malian refugees in Mberra camp. WFP will also continue to provide air support service to organizations engaged in the provision of aid. WFP has been present in Mauritania since 1964.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Kano, Nigeria | AFP | Tuesday 2/24/2015 - 21:43 GMT

    by Aminu ABUBAKAR

    Two blasts rocked bus stations in embattled northern Nigeria on Tuesday, killing at least 27 people, as violence continues to rage less than five weeks ahead of general elections.

    The first bombing, which killed 17, ripped through a station on the outskirts of Potiskum, in northeast Yobe state, which has been targeted repeatedly by Boko Haram Islamists.

    Roughly four hours later, two men blew themselves up after getting off a bus at a busy terminus in Kano, the north's largest city and another frequent Boko Haram target. Ten people were killed.

    Despite the attacks, President Goodluck Jonathan said late Tuesday that the military had the insurgents on the back foot.

    "The president assures all Nigerians, and the people of the northeastern states in particular, that the days of mourning victims of incessant terrorist attacks in the country will soon be over as the tide has now definitely turned against Boko Haram," his office said in an emailed statement.

    The Nigerian militant group, blamed for more than 13,000 deaths since 2009, has in recent weeks expanded its uprising into neighbouring countries, raising fears of a regional crisis.

    In neighbouring Niger on Tuesday, a mine planted by the insurgents killed two soldiers and injured four others in the Diffa region bordering Yobe, a security source said.

    Niger this month joined Cameroon, Chad and Nigeria in a joint operation aimed at crushing Boko Haram's uprising.

    The rebels responded by launching cross-border raids inside Niger and Chad. They have also repeatedly targeted northern Cameroon.

    Niger's government announced Tuesday that it was extending a state of emergency imposed on the Diffa region in mid-February over the threat from the insurgents.

    The government did not say how long the measure, which gives the security forces more powers to hunt suspected Boko Haram members, would remain in place.

    Nigeria had hoped the four-nation offensive could contain the violence before elections initially scheduled for February 14 but which were postponed by six weeks because of the insurgency.

    But with the bloodshed continuing on a near daily basis, security fears remain high ahead of the March 28 vote.

    • Girl suicide bomber -

    The Potiskum explosion took place a station on the outskirts of the city, after a man put a bag in the hold of the bus and then tried to board.

    "The bus had just loaded with passengers on its way to Kano when a huge explosion happened inside the bus at exactly 11:40 am (1040 GMT)," said a driver's union official at the bus station.

    Potiskum was also attacked on Sunday, when a young girl detonated explosives strapped to her body at a crowded market.

    Thirteen dead and 31 injured were initially brought to Potiskum General Hospital after Tuesday's blast, according to a nurse at the facility.

    "Four more died here," she said giving a toll of 17 dead and 27 injured.

    The drivers' union official said it was not immediately clear whether the man who placed the bag in the boot was a suicide bomber, or whether the explosives were hidden inside it.

    Rescue workers at the scene said that all 12 people on board the bus were killed.

    Boko Haram has increasingly used young girls and women as human bombs at so-called "soft targets" such as markets and bus stations.

    The girl in Sunday's attack which left seven people dead in Potiskum was thought by witnesses to be as young as seven.

    • 'Splattered with blood' -

    The explosion in Kano occurred at about 3:40 pm (1540 GMT) and sent people rushing from the site of the blast, many of them covered in blood.

    "I was attending to customers when I heard a loud explosion that shook the building," said one local shopkeeper, who works opposite the terminus.

    "People and buses were rushing out of the bus station. One bus was splattered with blood and human flesh."

    Kano state police spokesman Musa Magaji Majia described the attack as "suicide explosions" by two men who arrived off a bus from Wudil, about 40 kilometres (25 miles) away.

    He said ten people were killed and several wounded.

    Both bombings underlined the severe security challenges confronting Nigeria in the run-up to the elections.

    Nigeria and neighbouring armies have claimed major successes in the campaign against the Islamists, but Boko Haram has proved resilient.

    Jonathan has admitted that he and his government underestimated the threat posed by the militants in the early days of the insurgency.

    abu-bs/phz/gd/cb


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    Source: Assessment Capacities Project
    Country: Afghanistan, Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Colombia, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guatemala, Guinea, Haiti, Honduras, India, Iraq, Jordan, Kenya, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Myanmar, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, occupied Palestinian territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Syrian Arab Republic, Uganda, Ukraine, World, Yemen

    Snapshot 18-24 February 2015

    Myanmar: 90,000 people are now reported to have been displaced by continuing violence between government troops and multiple armed groups in Kokang, Shan state. Aid organisations have been subject to attack – seven people were wounded in two separate incidents.

    Kenya: The number of cholera cases has risen in the past week to 644, from 186. The outbreak was declared in Homa Bay, Migori, and Nairobi counties on 13 February. 17 people have died, most in Migori, and there are fears that the outbreak will spread due to the lack of safe drinking water.

    Nigeria: 564 cholera cases have been reported in Nigeria since January, with a fatality of rate of 8.3%. There has been a resurgence of cases in Kano and Kaduna states. In Borno state, the Nigerian military claims to have taken back Baga, Monguno, and ten other communities from Boko Haram.

    Updated: 24/02/2015. Next update: 03/03/2015

    Global Emergency Overview Web Interface


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria

    Thank you, ladies and gentlemen of the press, for giving me this opportunity to brief you on my recent visit to the Central African Republic and Cameroon. I did this visit jointly with the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Internally Displaced Persons, Dr. Chaloka Beyani, and also with ECHO’s Director of Operations, Mr. Jean-Louis de Brouwer.

    Our aim was to help focus the global spotlight on the complex and tragic humanitarian emergency that continues in the CAR and its impact on neighbouring Cameroon.

    In spite of the notable progress made on the security and political fronts in the past year, the humanitarian situation in the CAR remains dire: more than 2.7 million people out of a population of 4.6 million require humanitarian assistance. Half a million of them are still displaced within the country, with a further half million across the borders as refugees in neighbouring countries.

    In CAR, I visited the capital Bangui, and some of the IDP sites within the city, and also IDP sites in Bambari and Yaloke.

    The overwhelming majority of displaced and refugee families that I met mentioned that insecurity is the main obstacle to them in returning to their homes, or being located elsewhere. They also called for reparation and compensation mechanisms to be established for the violence and losses they suffered. People from minority groups such as the Fulani – also known as Peul - expressed strong feelings of having been marginalized in society.

    I was particularly alarmed by the fact that the lines between armed elements and civilians have become entirely blurred in many displacement sites. As we know, preserving the civilian nature of IDP camps and sites is vital – without this the UN and our partners cannot provide effective assistance and protection to civilians.

    In many places outside Bangui, state authority is almost non-existent. This means that aid organizations are the main providers of life-saving assistance and many basic services – and we really stretch our capacity and mandates to the limits to do this.

    It is also a very dangerous place for our work: last year there were nearly 140 security incidents directly targeting aid workers, and since 1 January this year, four humanitarian workers have been kidnapped.

    We repeated to all we met that humanitarian organizations are working in the country only with the aim of assisting everyone in need regardless of their ethnic, religious and political affiliations.

    We also stressed the importance of maintaining the capacity of aid groups to operate independently and reinforce the perception of their independence and neutrality – especially at a time when international forces are stepping up operations against armed groups inside the country.

    In Cameroon, we travelled to Yaoundé and visited the Gado camp for CAR refugees in the eastern part of the country.

    I was impressed by the commitment shown by the Cameroon national and local authorities in helping the refugees from CAR. With the support of UN agencies and NGOs, the Government has managed to improve living conditions in the camps.

    Although the influx of Central Africans has almost stopped, Cameroon is now facing enormous challenges from the impact of attacks by the Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria as well as in the far north of Cameroon itself. It is an extremely complicated environment for aid organizations to work in, especially as the humanitarian needs grow.

    In both these countries, the lack of resources is hampering the aid response. We must regain broad donor attention. In the current worldwide context of multiple crises, the biggest threat to the vulnerable people in both countries is the neglect from the international community.

    We must not forget the people in this region, who have suffered so much and who are dependent on external assistance for survival and to rebuild their lives.


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    Source: Agence France-Presse
    Country: Niger, Nigeria

    Niamey, Niger | AFP | mardi 24/02/2015 - 20:30 GMT

    Le gouvernement du Niger a annoncé mardi qu'il prolongeait l'état d'urgence dans la région de Diffa (sud-est), à la frontière avec le Nigeria, sous le feu du groupe islamiste nigérian Boko Haram depuis le début du mois.

    La "prorogation de l'état d'urgence" a été décidée en Conseil des ministres extraordinaire, "nonobstant les efforts remarquables" des forces de sécurité et la "collaboration active" de la population, qui ont permis de "contenir" et "stabiliser" la situation, d'après un communiqué lu à la radio nationale.

    Niamey avait décrété à partir du 11 février et pour un délai de quinze jours l'état d'urgence dans la région de Diffa.

    La reconduction de cette mesure, pour une durée non précisée, doit être validée prochainement par l'Assemblée nationale nigérienne.

    L'état d'urgence accorde des pouvoirs supplémentaires aux forces de sécurité, dont celui "d'ordonner des perquisitions à domicile de jour et de nuit".

    Plus de 160 membres présumés de Boko Haram, dont Kaka Bounou, un natif de Diffa "important membre et banquier" des islamistes, ont ainsi été arrêtés dans cette zone, selon la police.

    Quelque 3.000 soldats nigériens sont massés dans la région de Diffa. De l'autre côté de la frontière se trouve le nord-est du Nigeria, considéré comme le fief des islamistes.

    Mardi, deux soldats nigériens sont morts et quatre ont été blessés lorsque leur véhicule a sauté sur une mine à Bosso, à une centaine de kilomètres de Diffa, selon une source sécuritaire.

    "L'engin a été posé par des éléments de Boko Haram", a assuré cette source.

    Sept soldats nigériens et 15 combattants de Boko Haram, ainsi qu'un civil, sont morts vendredi lors de combats survenus sur l'île nigérienne de Karamga sur le lac Tchad, attaquée par les islamistes. Cinq militaires étaient portés disparus samedi.

    bh/jf/de


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