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    Source: Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Bolivia (Plurinational State of), Colombia, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, World
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    Prólogo

    La agricultura familiar es un sector clave para lograr la erradicación del hambre y el cambio hacia sistemas agrícolas sostenibles en América Latina y el Caribe y el mundo.
    Los pequeños agricultores son aliados de la seguridad alimentaria y actores protagónicos en el esfuerzo de los países por lograr un futuro sin hambre. En nuestra región, el 80% de las explotaciones pertenecen a la agricultura familiar, incluyendo a más de 60 millones de personas, convirtiéndose en la principal fuente de empleo agrícola y rural.

    No sólo producen la mayor parte de los alimentos para el consumo interno de los países de la región, sino que habitualmente desarrollan actividades agrícolas diversificadas, que les otorgan un papel fundamental a la hora de garantizar la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente y la conservación de la biodiversidad.

    Debido a lo anterior, el 2014 ha sido declarado por Naciones Unidas como el Año Internacional de la Agricultura Familiar, cuya meta es posicionar al sector en el centro de las políticas agrícolas, ambientales y sociales en las agendas nacionales, identificando desafíos y oportunidades para promover un cambio hacia un desarrollo más equitativo y equilibrado.

    El Año Internacional promoverá un amplio debate y la cooperación en los planos nacional, regional y mundial para aumentar la conciencia y la comprensión de los desafíos a los que se enfrentan los pequeños campesinos y ayudar a identificar formas eficaces de apoyo a la agricultura familiar.

    La Oficina Regional de la FAO para América Latina y el Caribe ha venido trabajando en apoyo de la agricultura familiar junto a sus países miembros, conformando una red de expertos con más de un centenar de participantes de los 33 países de la región, y elaborando un Marco Estratégico de Mediano Plazo de Cooperación de la FAO en Agricultura Familiar en ALC.

    El presente libro sistematiza experiencias y lecciones para contribuir al diálogo y formulación de políticas públicas orientadas a hacer frente a los retos que enfrentan los agricultores familiares, rescatando experiencias y proyectos de fortalecimiento de la gestión de sus organizaciones, intensificación sostenible de su producción, el acceso a mercados y cadenas de valor, así como la institucionalidad y las políticas.

    Esta publicación también nos invita a profundizar en la realidad de los agricultores familiares y la forma en que los productores ganaderos, agrícolas, silvícolas, acuícolas y de pesca artesanal –entre muchos otros– se relacionan con la seguridad alimentaria de la región, considerando aspectos como la forma en que están enfrentando los efectos del cambio climático y la situación de las mujeres dentro de dichas unidades productivas.

    La agricultura familiar es también una actividad clave en la reactivación de las economías rurales, generando estabilidad y arraigo social y nuevos horizontes de desarrollo, sobre todo para la juventud rural. Para dar sostenibilidad a estos procesos, 2 la actual publicación recoge elementos de interés para el diseño de políticas públicas de innovación en el extensionismo agrícola, la formación integral de agricultores familiares, el aprovechamiento de los recursos naturales y la gestión del riesgo.

    Otro aspecto fundamental para la seguridad alimentaria regional es la importancia de que los agricultores familiares tengan acceso a mercados y cadenas de valor, ya que cuanto mejores oportunidades tengan de comercializar sus productos, mayor será la disponibilidad de mejores alimentos a precios justos, beneficiando a la sociedad en su conjunto.

    En este sentido, la diversidad del sector es considerable: hay productores que se organizan e involucran en las dinámicas locales y nacionales, logrando avances sustanciales, mientras que otros han conseguido asegurar la venta de su producción a la administración pública para abastecer comedores escolares y centros hospitalarios.
    Otros han logrado trascender las barreras nacionales y exportar sus productos.

    Los avances mencionados requieren un entorno de políticas y leyes favorables al desarrollo del sector, y el fortalecimiento de la institucionalidad que da apoyo a la agricultura familiar. Para ello, no sólo se deben considera a los ministerios, congresos y presidencias, sino que implica la consolidación de asociaciones a nivel local y la consecución de alianzas entre entes públicos y privados. Los agricultores familiares, para alcanzar mejores condiciones, necesitan del trabajo conjunto entre los gobiernos, organismos internacionales, agencias regionales, organizaciones de la sociedad civil, el sector privado y centros de investigación.

    A través de este libro, la FAO quiere visibilizar múltiples buenas prácticas y experiencias relativas a la agricultura familiar, para apoyar a los gobiernos a planificar políticas específicas que sepan adaptarse a la heterogeneidad que caracteriza a la agricultura familiar.

    La premisa básica que todas ellas comparten es la total convicción de que con el apoyo necesario, los agricultores familiares podrán cumplir su rol como actores principales en el doble reto de mejorar la seguridad alimentaria del mundo y conservar los recursos naturales.

    Raúl Benítez Subdirector General de la FAO y Representante Regional para América Latina y el Caribe


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    Source: UN Children's Fund
    Country: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria
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    Highlights

    • UNICEF continues to be engaged in providing humanitarian response in four regions of Cameroon – Far North, North, Adamaoua and East – which have been facing recurring emergencies such as increased food insecurity after the dry season, widespread epidemics such as cholera and meningitis, floods, and the continued influx of refugees from CAR and Nigeria.

    • CAR REFUGEES: With the deteriorating security situation in CAR since March 2013 due to fighting between Seleka rebels and Anti Balaka militias, Cameroon is faced with many refugees and asylum seekers. As of 20 April 2014, over 73,000 people have been officially registered as refugees since January, of which 84% are women or children. It is anticipated that the number of refugees could reach up to 100,000 people in Cameroon in 2014. For more details visit an online map accessible at http://carcrisis.unicef-gis.org/. UNICEF is focused on providing an integrated emergency response for CAR refugees as part of the coordinated humanitarian effort. Lack of sufficient funding is affecting the delivery of response to scale, impacting ability to build partners’ capacities on the ground, and the timely delivery of response to affected populations

    • SAHEL NUTRITION CRISIS: In 2014 the four affected regions anticipate a targeted caseload of 48,778 children under 5 with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 92,794 children under 5 with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM).

    • NIGERIAN REFUGEES: 5,289 Nigerian refugees are verified and pre-registered in Far North region

    • The office funding needs stand at USD 25.5 million for responding to these emergencies and the funding gap as of April 30 stands at 95%.


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    Source: European Commission
    Country: Mali

    Summary: 14 mai 2014, Bruxelles - Le Mali organise demain à Bamako la troisième réunion internationale de suivi de la Conférence des Donateurs pour le développement du Mali de Bruxelles. Un an s'est écoulé depuis cette Conférence, qui avait eu lieu à Bruxelles le 15 mai 2013. La réunion de ce jour s'inscrit dans le cadre d'un mécanisme de suivi: la mise en œuvre des engagements mutuels de Bruxelles a déjà fait l'objet de revues lors de réunions organisées à Bamako le 7 novembre 2013 et à Bruxelles le 5 février 2014.

    Cette nouvelle réunion de haut niveau permettra au gouvernement du Mali de dresser le bilan de l'application des mesures prises en 2013 et de détailler le calendrier des prochaines réformes à mettre en œuvre. Elle sera également l'occasion pour les partenaires du Mali de présenter l'état de la mise en œuvre de leurs propres engagements.

    Le Premier ministre malien, Moussa Mara, ainsi que quatre ministres de son gouvernement, le Commissaire européen au développement, Andris Piebalgs, la Secrétaire d'Etat française au développement et à la francophonie Annick Girardin, l'Ambassadeur français chargé des questions économiques de reconstruction et de développement, Pierre Duquesne, y participeront.

    Il y a un an jour pour jour, l'Union européenne annonçait la mobilisation de 1,350 milliards d'euros pour soutenir le renouveau du Mali, dont 523,9 millions d'euros étaient apportés par la Commission européenne.

    La communauté internationale s'est aussi engagée à soutenir le Mali dans ses efforts de reconstruction politique, sécuritaire, économique et sociale. Près de 3,3 milliards d'euros avaient alors été promis pour la mise en œuvre du Plan de Relance Durable du Mali (PRED).

    Où en sommes-nous un an après?

    La Commission européenne a tenu les promesses formulées le 15 mai dernier. Sur les 523,9 millions d'euros annoncés à Bruxelles, la totalité a été engagée et 269 millions d'euros déjà décaissés, notamment à travers un appui direct au budget de l'Etat malien (120 millions d'euros à ce jour), le soutien au processus électoral, la réforme de l'Etat de droit et l'appui à la délivrance des services sociaux de base à la population.

    L'appui de l'UE au Mali se poursuivra sur la période 2014-2020 grâce à la mobilisation d'une enveloppe de 615 millions d'euros en faveur de:

    (i) la réforme de l'Etat,

    (ii) la sécurité alimentaire et le développement rural,

    (iii) l'éducation et

    (iv) la construction de la route reliant Gao, et Kidal

    La prochaine réunion internationale de suivi devrait avoir lieu à l'automne 2014.

    Contexte

    Suite à la crise politique et sécuritaire au Mali marquée notamment par un coup d'Etat en mars 2012, l'occupation des régions du nord du pays par des groupes terroristes puis leur libération et une transition politique en vue du plein retour à l'ordre constitutionnel, les interventions de l'UE au Mali ont été révisées et réorientées afin d'adapter notre coopération au contexte et aux nouveaux besoins, notamment:

    • la promotion de l'Etat de droit et l'organisation d'un processus électoral conforme aux standards internationaux

    • le renforcement de l'autorité et de la présence de l'Etat sur l'ensemble du territoire afin d'appuyer le redéploiement des services sociaux de base

    • le soutien aux efforts des autorités maliennes civiles pour rétablir l'ordre public et assurer la protection des civils

    • l'aide humanitaire au profit notamment des populations déplacées et des populations des régions affectées par la crise alimentaire

    • la poursuite des efforts de développement des autorités à moyen et long terme.

    Ref: EC14-141FR
    EU source: European Commission
    UN forum:
    Date: 14/5/2014


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    Source: Government of Guatemala
    Country: Guatemala
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    Presentación

    Guatemala debido a distintas condiciones, tiene una alta vulnerabilidad a la inseguridad alimentaria, que se manifiesta en su elevada prevalencia de desnutrición crónica y el gran impacto que están generando los fenómenos naturales en los últimos años, hacen que gran parte de la población del país aumente el deterioro de su Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (SAN). Ante este panorama, la generación de información sobre la situación de la población local, con la participación de todos los sectores sociales relacionados y el debido seguimiento, debe servir para la toma de decisiones que, de acuerdo a los recursos disponibles, permita la ejecución de acciones destinadas a mejorar la seguridad alimentaria de los grupos en mayor riesgo. Sin embargo, la debilidad de los sistemas de información de SAN, no han permitido identificar a tiempo, los impactos sobre la nutrición y la alimentación, ya sean climáticos, económicos o sociales. Por lo que hay una necesidad apremiante de fortalecer los Sistemas de Vigilancia y Alerta Temprana, para responder a los cuestionamientos de dónde y cuántos padecen hambre; así como, cuándo y de qué manera las crisis globales, nacionales y locales, impactan las frágiles condiciones de vida de la población.

    Las lecciones aprendidas, como consecuencia de diversos desastres registrados en Guatemala, han evidenciado una clara y alta vulnerabilidad, y poca capacidad de respuesta de las familias, y en las débiles estrategias institucionales a nivel local de preparación y respuesta a las múltiples amenazas que afronta el país. Esto implica el cambio en la visión del tema, el paso de una situación pasiva de las comunidades y autoridades locales hacia el avance a una actitud proactiva, que privilegia la transformación de las condiciones y procesos generadores de riesgo y no exclusivamente los preparativos y la atención de emergencias.

    En ese sentido, una de las principales razones para la creación del Sistema de Alerta Temprana en SAN basado en los Sitios Centinela, es la planificación conjunta de acciones que permitan una respuesta anticipada, un uso más eficiente de los recursos y la mejora en el impacto de manera oportuna ajustado a las características y capacidad de respuesta y decisión en el ámbito local. Lo que implica conocer el comportamiento temporal y espacial de los fenómenos naturales, por medio del monitoreo y vigilancia de indicadores críticos y la aplicación de procedimientos para realizar los pronósticos de SAN, en los diferentes espacios (municipal, departamental, nacional).

    La metodología de los Sitios Centinela, fue implementada en 2010 por Acción Contra el Hambre (ACF, por sus siglas en inglés) y organizaciones socias, en las regiones del país, con participación de instituciones gubernamentales y no gubernamentales involucradas en el proceso, en el ámbito departamental y municipal. Así como, líderes y lideresas comunitarias, quienes con su entrega, diariamente dan vida a esos sitios, en miras del beneficio de sus comunidades. Con ello ha demostrado ser una herramienta, que permite el monitoreo de medios de vida de poblaciones vulnerables a la INSAN y la identificación temprana de los desencadenantes que puedan ocasionar deficiencia de alimentos, disminución de la capacidad adquisitiva y problemas de salud y nutrición.
    La Secretaría de Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional (SESAN), consciente de la importancia de contar con un Sistema de Vigilancia y Alerta Temprana de SAN, para que brinde información oportuna en la toma de decisiones, ha suscrito convenios de cooperación con distintos socios que vienen implementando Sitios Centinela en ámbitos priorizados del país.

    De esa cuenta, la SESAN ha institucionalizado esta metodología y por ende ha tomado la rectoría y liderazgo en el tema, con la participación activa de los representantes de las organizaciones socias miembros de la mesa técnica de análisis de estos sitios. Al mismo tiempo, la SESAN asumió el compromiso de implementar nuevos Sitios Centinela, para analizar y tomar decisiones oportunas, en las comunidades de los municipios priorizados por el Plan del Pacto Hambre Cero.

    Este boletín presenta la Estrategia de Hambre Estacional. “Acción 4” de la SESAN, basado en el Marco Legal Institucional y Conceptual de los Sitios Centinela, antecedentes y operatividad de la mesa técnica, principales elementos de la metodología, la situación actual de los Sitios Centinela implementados por las organizaciones socias y las perspectivas que tiene la SESAN en el proceso de implementación, conjuntamente con los socios para 2014.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
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    KEY DRIVERS OF THE CRISIS

    Chronic structural vulnerabilities compounded by recurrent shocks (droughts, floods, epidemics, locusts) have eroded household and community resilience and forced families to result to negative coping strategies.

    Prolonged displacement (Mali conflict) puts additional stress on the communities hosting refugees (and up to 200,000 of their animals).


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    Source: World Food Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization
    Country: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Côte d'Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Togo
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    Key Points

    • The PRESAO forum results indicate a high probability that expected rainfall in 2014 will be inferior than in 2013 in the region, notably in Western Sahel

    • The FAO food prices index records a strong increase for the second consecutive month

    • Coarse grain prices (millet, sorghum) are still high and above the five-year average

    • Significant increase in food insecurity rates are noted in deficit-producing areas in Chad and Mauritania


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    Source: Reuters - AlertNet
    Country: Kenya, Mauritania, Mozambique, Niger, Senegal, World
    • Africa launches its first sovereign risk insurance pool

    • Fund targets drought-prone countries first

    • Climate change seen major risk to Africa

    By Wendell Roelf

    CAPE TOWN, May 15 (Reuters) - In the 1980s images of skeletal Ethiopian babies and their parents, dying from hunger during a devastating famine, helped galvanize global humanitarian and financial aid to drought-ravaged African countries.

    Read the full report on AlertNet.


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    Source: World Food Programme
    Country: Malawi

    A partnership beween WFP and a farmers' co-op has had some far-reaching consequences for its members - and some unexpected benefits for the women on its management committee.

    Esinta Jackson got down on her knees and ran a hand through the maize kernels spread out to dry on the ground before her house. It was a proud moment for the smallholder farmer who had harvested the maize from her two-acre plot just the day before. She would get 80 bags of maize in all, not a bad crop.

    It used to be that Esinta made only the occasional sale to local people and small traders. But, since last year, she and her fellow co-operative members can count the UN World Food Programme among their clients. Chiwoza Co-op, located at Chiseka just outside Malawi’s capital, Lilongwe, sold 50 metric tonnes of maize to WFP last year – half its members’ combined yield.

    “The sale helped me pay school fees and buys seeds for my vegetable garden”, says Esinta who is married to a civil servant and has five children.

    The co-op’s partnership with WFP, formed under the Purchase for Progress (P4P) initiative, began in 2012. Since then, WFP has built a warehouse and two mills for Chiwoza, as well as helping its members with training and providing them with fertilizer and seeds.

    “With WFP, we can sell more produce and also make a quicker profit”, says Esinta. “We also have a guaranteed market with WFP so can plan a bit more for our future”. Esinta’s business acumen has earned her the position of co-op treasurer, one of five executive posts on Chiwoza’s committee, two of which are held by women.

    When I asked committee members earlier in the day what other qualities were required of a treasurer, one of them replied: “Esinta is a loyal and honest person”. “Anything else?”, I queried. “Well,” said one of them with a laugh, “she’s also tough and doesn’t give money away easily”.

    Estinta seemed satisfied with the appraisal and afterwards took fellow committee members out to visit her field. Had being on the committee made a difference to her, I asked, as we inspected her maize.

    “It’s changed my life, “she replied. “My friends now ask me advice about farming now that I’m part of the group and know what’s going on. Being on this committee has really helped the women members. It’s taught us to be independent. We know we’re equal to the men and that has improved our standing in the community”.

    The men in the group nodded their agreement. Here was a woman who clearly knew what she was talking about.


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    Source: UN High Commissioner for Refugees
    Country: Burkina Faso, Mali
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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mauritania
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    Le riz local et le sorgho sont les produits alimentaires les plus consommés par les ménages pauvres de la Mauritanie suivis par le blé importé qui est l'aliment de substitution auquel ces ménages recourent le plus. Le riz local est cultivé dans la vallée du fleuve (dans le sud des régions du Trarza, du Brakna, du Gorgol et du Guidimakha). Le sorgho est produit dans toutes les zones de production (sorgho pluvial) et dans les walo et barrages (sorgho de décrue). Toutefois, une importante partie est importée du Mali et du Sénégal. La Mauritanie vit beaucoup plus de ses importations (70 % en bonne année agricole et jusqu'à 85 % en mauvaise année) que de sa production interne. Nouakchott est le principal marché de collecte pour les produits venant de l'extérieur et également le marché de distribution où viennent s'approvisionner les animateurs des marchés de distribution secondaire que sont les autres marchés référenciés. L'huile de cuisson est essentiellement consommée dans les zones urbaines.
    La vente des animaux est une mode d’existence dans toutes les zones et une importante source de revenus et de nourriture.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burkina Faso
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    Le mil, le maïs et le sorgho sont les produits alimentaires les plus importants pour la consommation ménagère. Le mil est le produit de base des ménages les plus vulnérables, tandis que le maïs et le sorgho contribuent aussi au panier alimentaire de la majorité des autres ménages. Le marché de Sankaryare est le plus vaste et le plus important d’Ouagadougou; il approvisionne d’autres marchés du pays et dans la région. Koudougou se trouve dans l'une des régions les plus peuplées du pays, où une majorité des ménages dépend du marché pour son ravitaillement alimentaire.

    Le mil, le maïs et le sorgho sont les produits alimentaires les plus importants pour la consommation ménagère. Le mil est le produit de base des ménages les plus vulnérables, tandis que le maïs et le sorgho contribuent aussi au panier alimentaire de la majorité des autres ménages. Le marché de Sankaryare est le plus vaste et le plus important d’Ouagadougou; il approvisionne d’autres marchés du pays et dans la région. Koudougou se trouve dans l'une des régions les plus peuplées du pays, où une majorité des ménages dépend du marché pour son ravitaillement alimentaire.


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    Source: Government of Canada
    Country: Canada, Mali

    Senator Suzanne Fortin-Duplessis today announced a $10 million contribution to the project, conducted in partnership with Dutch cooperation. The goal of this initiative is to complete construction of new health centres and rehabilitation of existing ones, and to supply medical equipment.

    This project will strengthen the healthcare system in southern Mali, which is a country of focus for Canadian international development assistance, improving its ability to respond to the needs of women and children. This will improve maternal, newborn and child health in the long term. Managed by the local communities, these health centres will also provide social stability to this part of the country.

    Every Woman Every Child: Within Arm’s Reach Summit

    Prime Minister Stephen Harper is hosting Saving Every Woman Every Child: Within Arm’s Reach, an international Summit that will shape the future of Child and Maternal Health collaborations in Canada and around the world, from May 28-30, 2014, in Toronto.

    The Summit will build on Canada’s leadership and chart the way forward for the next phase of coordinated global efforts on maternal, newborn and child health. Participants at the Summit will include Canadian and international experts, representing civil society, business, academia, developed and developing countries, international organizations and global foundations. on maternal, newborn and child health.

    The Summit will focus on the following three themes:

    • Delivering Results for Mothers and Children: Determining how, collectively, we have successfully delivered results and exploring how innovative technology and operating models are saving lives.
    • Doing More Together Globally: Pushing new technologies and global partnerships to improve women’s and children’s health.
    • Real Action for Women’s and Children’s Health: Identifying concrete steps that Canada and its partners will take to ensure that mortality rates drop, nutrition improves and more children live to see their fifth birthday.

    The themes for the Summit were developed in consultation with key Canadian stakeholders.

    Canada and the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

    In June 2010, Canada led G-8 and non G-8 leaders to commit $7.3 billion, mobilizing global action to reduce maternal and infant mortality and improve the health of mothers and children in the world's poorest countries, through the Muskoka Initiative.

    As part of the Muskoka Initiative, Canada committed to providing $1.1 billion in new funding between 2010 and 2015 to help women and children in the world’s poorest countries. Canada also announced that it would maintain its commitment to provide $1.75 billion during the same period to programs designed to improve maternal, newborn and child health, for a total commitment of $2.85 billion.

    The Muskoka Initiative succeeded in sparking international attention. In September 2010, during the United Nations Millennium Development Goals Summit, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon launched Every Woman, Every Child, a global movement mobilizing the resources of governments, international organizations, the private sector and civil society in order to address the major health challenges facing women and children. The goal is to save 16 million lives by 2015.

    In September 2013, Prime Minister Stephen Harper, together with Jakaya Kikwete, President of the Republic of Tanzania, co-hosted a UN event entitled Women’s and Children’s Health: The Unfinished Agenda of the Millennium Development Goals. The event, organized in support of the Every Woman Every Child initiative, examined ways to accelerate progress on improving maternal, newborn and child health and reducing the number of preventable deaths.

    Canada is on track for meeting its Muskoka commitment, with 80% of the funding already disbursed. Under the Muskoka Initiative Partnership Program, Canada supported the efforts of 28 Canadian organizations to reduce maternal, newborn, and child mortality over three years in Haiti, Africa and Asia. Canada is focusing its bilateral efforts on Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Ethiopia, Haiti, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Southern Sudan and Tanzania, which are all countries with a high maternal and child mortality rate. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, the GAVI Alliance, UNICEF and the World Health Organization are among Canada’s multilateral and international partners.


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    Source: Government of Canada
    Country: Canada, Mali, World

    The health centre construction and rehabilitation project will speed up progress in the area of maternal, newborn and child health in Mali

    May 15, 2014 – Ottawa, Ontario – Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

    On behalf of the Honourable Christian Paradis, Minister of International Development and for La Francophonie, Senator Suzanne Fortin-Duplessis today announced a $10 million investment in support of the Health Centre Construction and Rehabilitation Project conducted in partnership with Dutch cooperation. The goal of this new initiative is to complete construction of new health centres and the rehabilitation of existing centres, as well as supplying medical equipment.

    Senator Fortin-Duplessis stressed Canada's leading role in promoting its key global development priority of maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH). She also referred to the Saving Every Woman, Every Child: Within Arm's Reach international summit, which will shape the future of global action on MNCH issues. The Summit, to be held from May 28 to 30, 2014, in Toronto, will build on Canada's leadership and chart the way forward for future engagements.

    "Through global action, kick-started by the Muskoka Initiative, maternal mortality rates are declining and millions more children are celebrating their fifth birthday," said Senator Fortin-Duplessis. "With the help of its partners, including Dutch cooperation, Canada will continue to save lives and improve the health of mothers and children in the developing world, including Mali, which is a country of focus for Canadian international development assistance."

    "This project will improve our health system's accessibility and technical expertise, resulting in better care for women and children," said Traore Ami Diallo, Ambassador of the Republic of Mali to Canada. "We welcome the launch of this project, as well as the next Global Summit on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, which will be held from May 28 to 30, 2014, in Toronto, hosted by the Right Honourable Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada."

    "Canada and the Netherlands have a long history of jointly promoting human rights, good governance, and the protection of the lives of the most vulnerable around the world," said Rochus Pronk, Chargé d'Affaires of the Netherlands Embassy. "Canada's contribution and participation in this project aimed at the construction and rehabilitation of health centers in Mali is essential to help save lives and improve the health of mothers and children in Mali. With this project, our countries also contribute significantly to improving donor coordination in Mali."

    Improving the health of mothers, newborns and children and reducing the number of preventable deaths are Canada's top development priority. In 2010, as part of its G-8 presidency, Canada launched a global effort—the Muskoka Initiative—to mobilize the international community to reduce maternal and infant mortality and improve the health of mothers and children in the world's poorest countries. Its efforts paid off: global leaders committed $7.3 billion to this cause. This was followed up in September 2010 by the United Nations' Every Woman, Every Child initiative, of which Canada is a strong supporter.

    "The importance Canada places on the health of mothers and children reflects the values of millions of Canadians, who believe that failure to act is not an option when there are easy and inexpensive ways to prevent the deaths of the world's poorest and most vulnerable people," said Minister Paradis. "This project will help stop preventable deaths and help the women, newborns and children of Mali lead healthy and productive lives."

    Owing in large part to the Muskoka Initiative and subsequent global action, maternal mortality rates are declining and millions more children are celebrating their fifth birthday.

    Increasing access to health services across the developing world is critical to ensuring the health of mothers, newborns and children, and is an important component of the Muskoka Initiative. Further discussions on this important topic will figure prominently at the Summit later this month.

    Quick facts

    • On April 28, 2014, the Prime Minister announced that Canada will host Saving Every Woman Every Child: Within Arm's Reach, an international Summit on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health issues.

    • The Summit, to be held from May 28 to 30, 2014, in Toronto, will build on Canada's leadership and bring together Canadian and international leaders and experts, Canadian charities, businesses, scientists, developed and developing countries, international organizations and global foundations to ensure that maternal, newborn and child health remains a priority of the global development agenda.

    • This new project will strengthen the healthcare system in southern Mali, improving its ability to respond to the needs of women and children and improve maternal, newborn and child health.

    • Women and children in developing countries are significantly more likely to die from simple, preventable causes, owing to a lack of proven, affordable and cost-effective solutions that most Canadians take for granted.

    • Progress is being made. The number of women who die each year during pregnancy or childbirth has dropped by 47 percent, from 543,000 deaths in 1990 to 287,000 in 2010.

    • The number of deaths among children under the age of five has dropped by 45 percent worldwide, from nearly 12 million in 1990 to 6.6 million in 2012.

    • Canada is providing $2.85 billion in funding between 2010 and 2015 under the Muskoka Initiative to save the lives of women and children in developing countries.

    • Canada is on track in meeting its Muskoka commitment, with 80 percent of the funding already disbursed.

    Related Products

    Backgrounder: Mali Health Centre Construction and Rehabilitation

    Related links

    Prime Minister announcement: Saving Every Woman Every Child: Within Arm's Reach (2014-04-28)

    Contacts

    Sandrine Perion
    Press Secretary
    Office of the Minister of International Development and La Francophonie
    819-953-9528
    sandrine.perion@international.gc.ca

    Media Relations Office
    Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada (DFATD)
    343-203-7700
    media@international.gc.ca
    Follow us on Twitter: @DFATD_Dev
    Like us on Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/DFATDDevelopment


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger
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    Le mil, le maïs, le niébé et le riz importé sont les produits alimentaires les plus importants consommés au Niger. Le mil est consommé aussi bien par les ménages ruraux que les ménages pauvres urbains dans l’ensemble du pays. Le maïs et le riz importé sont plus importants pour les ménages urbains, tandis que le niébé est principalement consommé par les ménages pauvres des régions rurales et urbaines en tant que source de protéine.
    Niamey est le marché national le plus important et un centre du commerce international ; elle approvisionne en outre les ménages urbains. Tillaberi est aussi un centre urbain approvisionnant les localités environnantes. Le marché de Gaya est le principal marché urbain pour le maïs avec des liens transfrontaliers. Maradi, Tounfafi et Diffa sont des marchés de regroupement régionaux et des marchés transfrontaliers pour le Niger et d’autres pays de la région. C'est dans ces marchés que vont régulièrement acheter leur nourriture les ménages et les éleveurs des régions déficitaires en céréales du nord. Agadez et Zinder sont également d’importants marchés nationaux et régionaux. Nguigmi et Abalak se trouvent dans des zones pastorales, où la population dépend largement des marchés céréaliers pour leur approvisionnement alimentaire. Ces deux marchés sont particulièrement importants pendant la saison des pluies, lorsque les éleveurs sont confinés dans la zone pastorale


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Mali

    Destroyed classrooms buildings and not enough qualified teachers: these are two of the challenges faced by thousands of displaced children in Northern Mali when trying to go back to school.

    Read the full story on OCHA


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Burkina Faso
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    Millet, maize, and sorghum are the most important food commodities for household consumption. Millet is the staple of the most vulnerable households, while maize and sorghum also contribute to the food basket of a majority of all households. Sankaryare market is the largest and most important market in Ouagadougou and supplies other markets within the country and region. Koudougou is located in one of the most populated areas in the country, where a majority of households depend on the market for their food needs. Djibo is in the highly vulnerable Sahelian zone. Pouytenga is an assembly market for products from Nigeria, Ghana,
    Benin, and Togo. Solenzo is a rural market located in the middle of a surplus production zone. Bobo Dioulasso is important center for both consumption and production – it functions as both the economic capital of Burkina Faso and is located in an important cereal production zone.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Niger
    preview


    Millet, maize, cowpea, and imported rice are the most important food commodities. Millet is consumed by both rural and poor urban households throughout the country. Maize and imported rice are most important for urban households, while cowpea is mainly consumed by poor households in rural and urban areas as a protein source. Niamey is the most important national market and an international trade center, and also supplies urban households. Tillaberi is also an urban center that supplies the surrounding area. Gaya market represents a main urban market for maize with cross-border connections. Maradi, Tounfafi, and Diffa are regional assembly and cross-border markets for Niger and other countries in the region. These are markets where households and herders coming from the northern cereal deficit areas regularly buy their food. Agadez and Zinder are also important national and regional markets. Nguigmi and Abalak are located in pastoral areas, where people are heavily dependent on cereal markets for their food supply. They are particularly important during the rainy season, when herders are confined to the pastoral zone.


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    Source: Famine Early Warning System Network
    Country: Mauritania
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    Local rice and sorghum are the most consumed food products by poor households in Mauritania followed by imported wheat which is a substitute that these households turn to the most. Local rice is grown in the river valley (in the southern regions of Trarza,
    Brakna, Gorgol and Guidimakha). Sorghum is produced in all areas of production (rainfed) and in flood-recession areas. However, a significant portion is imported from Mali and Senegal. Mauritania depends greatly on food imports (70% in a good agricultural year and 85% in a bad year) than on internal production. Nouakchott is the principal collection market for imported products and also the distribution market where traders acquire supplies for the secondary markets referenced below. Cooking oil is consumed mainly in urban areas. The sale of animals is a lifestyle in all areas and an important source of income and food.


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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger
    preview



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    Source: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
    Country: Niger, Nigeria
    preview


    HIGHLIGHTS

    • 18,421 cholera cases recorded in first quarter 2014 -- more cases than reported in all of 2013.

    • 250,000 IDPs in the northeast are reverting to negative and unsustainable coping strategies to meet their food needs.

    • 700-1,000 flee northeast for Diffa, Niger every week. 100,000 new arrivals expected in Diffa by end of 2014.

    • FEWSNET reports crisis level food insecurity in Borno and Yobe states since January.

    • Regional Humanitarian Coordinator visits the northeast; UN Special Envoy deployed to Nigeria.

    • Over 230 schoolgirls kidnapped by Nigerian insurgents, Boko Haram, remain missing; international rescue efforts underway.

    • Inter-agency needs assessment in the northeast begins.

    KEY FIGURES

    No. of IDPs from the conflict in the northeast (March 2014): 249,446

    Dollars in private sector contributions to address the crisis in the northeast: 15 million

    Reported cholera cases in 2014 as of week 17: 18,421

    Sources: NEMA/WHO/NGOs

    2014 FUNDING

    USD$ 75 million requested

    USD$ 0 received

    USD$3.2 million pledged


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